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Evaluating the multidimensionality of composite indicators of development: some recent index proposals

Moreira, Sandrina Berthault; Crespo, Nuno
Fonte: University of National and World Economy, Center on Sustainable Development Publicador: University of National and World Economy, Center on Sustainable Development
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 10/06/2011 ENG
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45.79%
Comunicação apresentada na Third International Scientific Conference "Sustainable Development",; Development is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon. The quantification of such a phenomenon requires indicators of development and assess whether these indicators reflect the multidimensionality underlying the phenomenon they seek to measure. One of the major findings from this analysis is the limited number of development dimensions incorporated in the majority of the indices and, thus, the partial vision of the phenomenon they provide as a result. Moreover, the dimensions most commonly considered in this context are education and health. Finally, we discuss in more detail five recent indices characterized by its comprehensiveness: (i) Regional Quality of Development Index (QUARS) of Sbilanciamoci (2006). (ii) Wellbeing Index (WI) and Wellbeing/Stress Index (WSI) of Prescott-Allen (2001); (iii) Gross National Happiness (GNH) of the Centre for Bhutanese Studies; (iv) Bertelsmann Transformation Index (BTI) of Bertelsmann Stiftung (2008); (v) World competitiveness scoreboard of IMD (2008).

Funding Economic Development: A Comparative Study of Financial Sector Reform in Vietnam and China

Rosengard, Jay K.; Thế Du, Huỳnh
Fonte: United Nations Development Programme and Fulbright Economics Teaching Program Publicador: United Nations Development Programme and Fulbright Economics Teaching Program
Tipo: Research Paper or Report
EN_US
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Although there is considerable debate among economists as to the impact of financial sector development on economic growth, empirical evidence indicates a strong, direct link between the two. A recent comprehensive review of both the theory and research on this link between financial sector policies and economic development had a clear and unambiguous conclusion on the causal relationship between the two: A growing body of empirical research produces a remarkably consistent narrative: The services provided by the financial system exert a first-order impact on long-run economic growth. Building on work by Bagehot (1873), Schumpeter (1912), Gurley and Shaw (1955), Goldsmith (1969), and McKinnon (1973), recent research has employed different econometric methodologies and data sets in producing three core results. First, countries with better-developed financial systems tend to grow faster. Specifically, countries with (i) large, privately-owned banks that funnel credit to private enterprises and (ii) liquid stock exchanges tend to grow faster than countries with corresponding lower levels of financial development. The level of banking development and stock market liquidity each exerts an independent, positive influence on economic growth. Second...

The Unintended Consequences of Successful Resource Mobilization: Financing Development in Vietnam

Rosengard, Jay K.; Giang, Trần Thị Quế; Ngân, Đinh Vũ Trang; Thế Du, Huỳnh; Chauvin, Juan Pablo
Fonte: United Nations Development Programme and the Fulbright Economics Teaching Program Publicador: United Nations Development Programme and the Fulbright Economics Teaching Program
Tipo: Research Paper or Report
EN_US
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45.8%
The total amount of development finance generated by Vietnam has been exceptionally high from all significant sources using all standard measures of comparison. However, there are many potential unintended consequences of Vietnam’s successful resource mobilization, with significant implications for the future financing of development. There are several steps the government can take to mitigate these risks. The principal vulnerabilities created by Vietnam’s mobilization of substantial resources for development finance fall into two main categories: threats to macroeconomic stability caused by imbalances in the composition of funding; and risks for microeconomic management arising from imprudent financing structures. The most serious macroeconomic threats are: public sector funds crowding out both access to and utilization of private sector funds; overleveraging of insufficient equity for unsustainable levels of debt; financial exclusion of low-income households and family enterprises; and flight of hot capital. The most serious microeconomic risks are: maturity risk from over-reliance on short-term financing for long-term investments; foreign exchange risk from over-use of foreign capital for investments in non-tradable goods; credit risk from debt-financed speculation in asset bubbles; and fiscal gap risk from public sector dependence on unsustainable revenue sources. The suggested ways of mitigating these vulnerabilities include: further deregulation and liberalization of the banking sector...

Training and development - a study of practices in Irish based companies

Heraty, Noreen
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
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non-peer-reviewed; This thesis represents an exploratory study of training and development practices in Irish based companies, and seeks to ascertain the degree to which these practices reflect a strategic orientation. In particular, it examines the main training and development activities undertaken, the role of the training specialist, and the power of the training and development function. The study had five main objectives: to review the extant literature in order to determine the factors promoting the emergence of Human Resource Development (HRD) as a key mechanism of employee development, and to highlight critical characteristics of strategic HRD; to examine the contingent nature of the HRD concept, and thereby identify key contextual organisational characteristics that impact upon the functioning of HRD; to examine current employee development practices in Ireland in order to assess whether training and development activities reflect a strategic orientation, or are moving towards a strategic model of employee development; to identify whether the contextual factors identified in the literature affect the nature of training and development practices in Ireland; and to examine the role of the training specialist in Ireland and the relative status of the training and development function. In order to fulfill these objectives...

"Crisis" or Wonderland: an appraisal of hypermedia systems development practice

Lang, Michael
Fonte: IADS: International association for development of the information society Publicador: IADS: International association for development of the information society
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
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peer-reviewed; With the advent and growth of the Web, hypermedia information systems have propagated within and beyond organisations. Much concern has been expressed about the quality of hypermedia systems being developed and the apparent absence of disciplined development practices. There has been talk that the infamous “software crisis” is afflicting hypermedia systems development, allegedly characterised by shoddy project management, inadequate requirements analysis and planning, and ad hoc “quick and dirty” development approaches. This paper reports on the findings of a survey of 438 organisations in Ireland, the objectives of which were to test the validity of assertions of a “hypermedia crisis”, and to explore what mechanisms if any are being used to guide and control hypermedia systems development. The preliminary conclusions are that hypermedia development is much more disciplined than popularly believed, and the state of practice is much healthier than depicted by many academic researchers.

Tracking Results in Agriculture and Rural Development in Less-Than-Ideal Conditions : A Sourcebook of Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Fonte: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Publicador: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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The purpose of this sourcebook is to pull together into a single document a collection of common sense tips and recommendations based on actual practices and experience around the world. The sourcebook aims first and foremost to help strengthen Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) capacity at the national and sub-national levels, and to ensure a consistency of approach and methodology so that, at the global level, sufficient reliable and timely information can be accessed from the different countries and used to make cross-country comparisons and to calculate development indicators at the global level. The sourcebook is specifically targeted towards countries where conditions are less-than-ideal, particularly with respect to the availability of relevant information. The sourcebook also shows how a service delivery approach can be used to select indicators which can generate useful, easy-to-measure early outcome measures. It suggests that greater use be made of qualitative indicators, such as access, use and satisfaction. The sourcebook devotes considerable attention to the need for a strong statistical infrastructure and reviews the range of different statistical instruments available.

Tracking Results in Agriculture and Rural Development in Less-Than-Ideal Conditions : A Sourcebook of Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; FAO Statistics Division
Fonte: Bonn: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development Publicador: Bonn: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
The purpose of this sourcebook is to pull together into a single document a collection of common sense tips and recommendations based on actual practices and experience around the world. The sourcebook aims first and foremost to help strengthen Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) capacity at the national and sub-national levels, and to ensure a consistency of approach and methodology so that, at the global level, sufficient reliable and timely information can be accessed from the different countries and used to make cross-country comparisons and to calculate development indicators at the global level. The sourcebook is specifically targeted towards countries where conditions are less-than-ideal, particularly with respect to the availability of relevant information. The sourcebook also shows how a service delivery approach can be used to select indicators which can generate useful, easy-to-measure early outcome measures. It suggests that greater use be made of qualitative indicators, such as access, use and satisfaction. The sourcebook devotes considerable attention to the need for a strong statistical infrastructure and reviews the range of different statistical instruments available.

Integrating Human Rights into Development : Donor Approaches, Experiences, and Challenges, 2nd ed.

World Bank; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Fonte: World Bank and OECD, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank and OECD, Washington, DC
EN_US
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45.81%
The past two decades have witnessed a convergence between human rights and development, particularly at the level of international political statements and policy commitments. This phenomenon is captured in milestones such as the 2007 OECD DAC Action Oriented Policy Paper on Human Rights and Development (“AOPP”), the 2010 UN World Summit Outcome Document, the commitments of the 2005 and 2011 High-Level For an Aid Effectiveness in Accra and Busan. The connections between rights violations, poverty, exclusion, environmental degradation, vulnerability and conflict continue to be explored and better understood. More positively, there is growing recognition of the intrinsic importance of human rights in a range of contexts, as well as their potential instrumental relevance for improving development processes and outcomes. This second edition of Integrating Human Rights into Development: Donor Approaches, Experiences and Challenges consolidates the research and findings complied in 2006 with relevant developments that have occurred in the intervening six years. It brings together the key political and policy statements of recent years with a discussion of the approaches and experiences of bilateral and multilateral agencies engaged in integrating human rights in their development cooperation activities in a variety of ways. Despite rapid changes in the donor landscape and acute budget pressures resulting from the financial crisis...

Strategic Directions for Human Development in Papua New Guinea

Asian Development Bank; Australian Agency for International Development; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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There is an emerging consensus in Papua New Guinea (PNG) -- both at the governmental level and among civil society more generally -- that human development outcomes are far less than satisfactory and that service provision in many parts of the country is collapsing despite the significant level of both government and development partner financing of the human development sectors. In response, the government and the Joint Donors -- the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAid), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the World Bank -- embarked on a Human Development Review to suggest options for improving human development outcomes and government expenditure efficiency. In this review of strategy options for health, HIV/AIDS, and education, it is argued that human development sectors are at an important crossroad with a large unfinished agenda and a range of critical challenges.

Post-Crisis Growth in Developing Countries : A Special Report of the Commission on Growth and Development on the Implications of the 2008 Financial Crisis

Commission on Growth and Development
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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#advanced countries, advanced economies, aggregate demand, arbitrage, Asian Bond Market, Asset Backed Securities, Asset prices, Backed Security, balance sheet, balance sheets, bank balance sheets, bank credit, bank intermediation, banking crises, banking system, banking systems, bond, bond markets, bond yields, borrower, borrowing costs, Budget deficits, budget surplus, budget surpluses, capital accounts, capital controls, capital flows, Capital Formation, capital gains, capital inflows, capital requirements, cash transfers, Central Bank, central banks, channels of credit, co-ordination failure, collateral, collateral for loans, commercial paper, Commodity, commodity price, Commodity prices, conflicts of interest, consumer durables, consumer spending, contingent liabilities, country to country, credibility, credit constraints, credit increases, Credit Line, credit provision, credit quality, credit spreads, credit system, creditors, creditworthiness, Currency, currency mismatches, Debt, debt markets, Debt Obligation, debts, defaults, Deposit, derivative, derivative instruments, derivatives, Developing Countries, developing country, developing economies, Development Bank, disclosure requirements, domestic banks, domestic capital, domestic capital markets, domestic market, Economic Development, efficient markets, emerging economies, emerging markets, equipment, Exchange Commission, exchange rate, exporters, exposure, external financing, Federal Deposit Insurance, Federal Reserve, Finance Corporation, finances, financial assets, financial crises, Financial Crisis, Financial Development, financial fragility, financial instability, Financial Institution, financial institutions, financial instruments, financial liberalization, financial markets, financial risk, Financial Sector, Financial Sector Development, financial sectors, financial stability, financial structure, financial system, Financial Systems, fiscal deficit, Fiscal Deficits, fiscal policies, fiscal policy, fixed exchange rates, floating exchange rate, flow of credit, foreign capital, Global Capital, Global Capital Markets, Global Economy, global finance, global financial system, global market, Globalization, government guarantees, government investment, government ownership, Gross Domestic Product, holding, holdings, home market, household saving, income levels, incomes, indebted households, inflation, inflation risk, inflationary pressure, instrument, insurance companies, Insurance Corporation, insurance premium, International Bank, International Business, International Cooperation, International Development, International Economics, International Finance, international financial institutions, international harmonization, international trade, inventory, investment banks, investment funds, Investment Vehicles, labor markets, liquidity, Loan, local market, long-term interest, long-term interest rates, macroeconomic policy, macroeconomic stability, margin requirements, market economies, market economy, maturity, Monetary Authority, Monetary Fund, monetary policy, Mortgage, mortgage-backed securities, opportunity costs, pensions, Political Economy, price risk, price stability, Private banks, private capital, private capital flows, private credit, public debt, Public Finance, public finances, public investment, regulatory constraints, regulatory standards, regulatory structures, regulatory system, Reserve, reserves, return, returns, safety net, safety nets, Savings, savings accounts, savings rate, self-regulation, shareholders, short-term capital, short-term interest rates, solvency, Stock markets, stocks, swap, Swaps, T-Bill, T-Bills, tax, trade finance, trading, trading system, Treasury, Treasury Bills, volatile capital, volatility, withdrawal, world economy
In May 2008, the Commission released the growth report: strategies for sustained growth and inclusive development. At that time, the financial systems of the United States and Europe were under stress. Commodity prices were also spiking, posing particular difficulties for developing countries because of the impact on the poor and on potential future inflation. But no one foresaw the full magnitude of the crisis that erupted in the fall of 2008, more than a year ago. The crisis was a destructive malfunction of the financial sectors of the advanced economies, which spread rapidly to the real economy and to the rest of the globe. Even countries far from the source of the crisis had to cope with capital volatility, tight credit, and rapidly falling trade. At the request of several members of the Commission, Commission held a workshop on the crisis and its implications for developing countries. Commission followed standard procedure of asking for help and insight from a distinguished group of scholars, analysts, and practitioners. This report is an outgrowth of that process. It is an attempt to look at the crisis and its aftermath from the point of view of developing countries. Commission wanted to assess the impact of these events, and determine if the growth strategies recommended needed major revision...

Expanding Access to Early Childhood Development : Using Interactive Audio Instruction

World Bank Group; Education Development Center
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
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45.8%
The returns to investments in early childhood development (ECD) are manifold and can include improved school readiness, reduced drop-out rates, higher labor force productivity and greater social cohesion. Despite these high returns, enrollment in early childhood education is just 18 percent across Africa, with disproportionately high enrollment from children in urban areas and from wealthier families. Interactive Audio Instruction (IAI) is a distance learning technology that can deliver low-cost, culturally appropriate education via radio or mobile audio technology. It is a highly effective tool to reach children who can be hard to reach through conventional programs, including the rural poor and children with disabilities. IAI can also be an effective form of service delivery in unstable and conflict-affected regions.

The agricultural development policy and WTO accession of Lao PDR

Akkharath, Inthadom
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 120183 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.81%
The New Economic Mechanism was introduced in 1986 and since then the Lao Government has geared the country towards a market economy, encouraged the development of the private sector and decentralised management. Taking into account the fact that agriculture and forestry form the back bone of the country’s economy, the government has employed a two-pronged socio-economic development approach, one for the uplands and the other for the lowlands. In the former case the focus is on self-sufficiency in food, agricultural diversification and conservation of natural resources, while in the latter case it is on commercialised agriculture production, using agricultural intensification to both maintain the already existing market momentum and trigger industrial sector development, particularly agro-industry. An area-based approach is adopted to facilitate this development. Also, the government has committed itself to eradicating poverty and ridding the country of its LDC status by the year 2020.; no

A new role for NGOs in development?

Remenyi, Joe
Fonte: Australian Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet Publicador: Australian Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper; Working/Technical Paper Formato: 7 pages
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"The wealth of individual case studies of NGO activities reported in the development literature highlights some important lessons to be learned from their experiences. Lesson one: The need for in-depth analysis of poverty ... Lesson two: Development initiatives for the poor must emanate from the needs of the poor as perceived by them ... Lesson three: Chronic, systemic poverty requires change that concentrates on strengthening the social and political situation of the poor; as well as their economic conditions ... Lesson four: The poorest are more likely to benefit if development activities are designed in such a way that appropriation by others is difficult or unprofitable ... Lesson five: The simpler the design, the greater the likelihood that the poorest can control and benefit from development projects ... Lesson six: Development for the poor neqessarily involves changing the structures which keep them in poverty, and a readiness to cope with the conflict which may accompany such changes..."

Global environmental change and sustainable development

Pardo Buendía, Mercedes
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2008 ENG
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The UC3M group of “Global environmental change and sustainable development: social trends and emerging policies” offers its experience on the following fields: • Sustainable Development. • Environmental Education. • Agenda 21. • Sustainable Cities and Sustainable Land Planning. • Environmental Impact Evaluation. • Sustainable Transport and Mobility. • Social Management and Saving Policies (energy, waste, water, noise). Within this framework, the work of this research group aims to: 1) The analysis and diagnosis of how Global Environmental Change and Sustainable Development can affect each specific organization. 2) The proposal of solutions. 3) The management of their implementation. 4) Instruction and training. These objectives are tackled from their basic study to their applied development through reports and consultancy services.

Voluntary organisations and the challenge of sustainable development

Korten, David C.
Fonte: Australian Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet Publicador: Australian Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper; Working/Technical Paper Formato: 13 pages
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45.82%
That the world faces a global social and environmental crisis is now beyond question. The issue is how to address it. The institutions of government, including inter-governmental bodies, generally approach solutions within the framework of the conventional growth-centred development vision that has guided most development action over the past several decades. Investment, growth in economic activity, resource exploitation, debt financing, specialisation, corporate ownership, and emphasis on international markets are cornerstones of this vision. This vision dominates policy action at global and national levels. An alternative people-centred development vision, articulated and promoted primarily by voluntary organisations (VOs) emphasises human well-being, stewardship of environmental resources, local self-reliance in basic needs, development of domestic markets, broadly based political and economic participation, local control of environmental resources, and strong participatory local government. The paper questions whether solutions based on the conventional vision are likely to be effective if, as some critics claim, the vision itself is largely to blame for the current crisis. It also asks whether institutions that are competent only in activities that support the conventional vision are in a position to provide needed leadership. It is argued that VOs...

Research for Development : A World Bank Perspective on Future Directions for Research

Development Economics Senior Vice Presidency
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
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45.86%
This paper provides an overview of the history of development research at the World Bank and points to new future directions in both what we research and how we research. Six main messages emerge. First, research and data have long been essential elements of the Bank's country programs and its contributions to global public goods, and this will remain the case. Second, development thinking is in a state of flux and uncertainty; it is time to reconsider both the Bank's research priorities and how it does research. Third, a more open and strategic approach to research is needed -- an approach that is firmly grounded in the key knowledge gaps for development policy emerging from the experiences of developing countries, including the questions that policy makers in those countries ask. Fourth, four major sets of problems merit high priority for our future research: (i) securing economic transformation; (ii) broadening opportunities to participate in the benefits of, and contribute to, such transformation; (iii) dealing with emerging risks at all levels; and (iv) assessing the results of development efforts...

Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development in Africa : Selected Proceedings, Johannesburg, 25-29 September 2000

Development Bank of Southern Africa; African Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: Johannesburg Publicador: Johannesburg
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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45.87%
The importance of the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) function within public administration has been magnified by the growing voice of civil society, which has brought the issues of good governance and more effective public administration to the fore. The global trend towards more accountable, responsive and efficient government has bolstered the appeal for M&E capacity development, which has been the central focus of efforts to improve governance in the context of a comprehensive development framework. Evaluation has become increasingly important in Africa owing to stagnant, and negative economic growth rates, together with concerns related to governance, and doubts about the efficacy of development assistance. These are selected proceedings from the seminar and workshop on "Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development for Africa" as a follow-up to the regional seminar, to foster networking among M&E practitioners, and to share knowledge on M&E in the context of improved governance, accountability, and effective development delivery...

Creating sustainable air rights development over highway corridors : lessons from the Massachusetts Turnpike in Boston

Campbell, Bonnie E., 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 115 p.; 3510733 bytes; 3725601 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Research and practice have shown that air rights development over highway corridors in America's cities is not only feasible, but desirable. As planners, policy makers and consumers attempt to curb the sprawling development pattern that was characteristic of the second half of the twentieth century, the development of the air space over urban highway corridors is emerging as a beneficial type of development that promotes revitalization and can be more sustainable than other types of redevelopment. As the advantages of air rights development over highway corridors become increasingly apparent, more projects and proposals are surfacing in cities nationwide. However, while this development pattern can contribute to urban revitalization, it is also unique from other types of infill and redevelopment. Air rights development is complex and requires special scrutiny and treatment from a planning and policy perspective, a distinct understanding of urban design and attention to neighborhood context, and specific development principles for construction and financial feasibility. This thesis describes these unique considerations both generically and through analysis of the Massachusetts Turnpike in Boston. It examines three cases: a completed air rights development...

Women's dreams: gender, sexuality and development

Reid, Elizabeth
Fonte: Australian Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet Publicador: Australian Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper; Working/Technical Paper Formato: 8 pages
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45.75%
"It has rarely, if ever, been women's perceptions or women's dreams which have informed development and social change. The vision from which development is elaborated has been the vision of those few located at the centre of power, at the intersection of the axes of privilege. This paper explores the relationship between analysis and practice, between how reality is understood and conceptualised and what the implications are for action. I contend that the analysis of a problem shapes and determines development practice, social policy, research priorities and activism ..." - page 1

Functional genomics studies of human brain development and implications for autism spectrum disorder

Ziats, Mark
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience Publicador: University of Cambridge; Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
EN_US
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Human neurodevelopment requires the coordinated expression of thousands of genes, exquisitely regulated in both spatial and temporal dimensions, to achieve the proper specialization and inter-connectivity of brain regions. Consequently, the dysregulation of complex gene networks in the developing brain is believed to underlie many neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Autism has a significant genetic etiology, but there are hundreds of genes implicated, and their functions are heterogeneous and complex. Therefore, an understanding of shared molecular and cellular pathways underlying the development ASD has remained elusive, hampering attempts to develop common diagnostic biomarkers or treatments for this disorder. I hypothesized that analyzing functional genomics relationships among ASD candidate genes during normal human brain development would provide insight into common cellular and molecular pathways that are affected in autistic individuals, and may help elucidate how hundreds of diverse genes can all be linked to a single clinical phenotype. This thesis describes a coordinated set of bioinformatics experiments that first (i) assessed for gene expression and co-expression properties among ASD candidates and other non-coding RNAs during normal human brain development to discover potential shared mechanisms; and then (ii) directly assessed for changes in these pathways in autistic post-mortem brain tissue. The results demonstrated that when examined in the context of normal human brain gene expression during early development...