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Avaliação de overdentures mandibulares com diferentes sistemas de retenção: análise fotoelástica da transmissão de tensões e efeito de carga cíclica na força de retenção; Evaluation of mandibular overdentures with different attachments systems: Photoelastic stress analysis and effect of cyclic loading on retention force

Aguiar Junior, Fábio Afrânio de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2013 PT
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76.01%
O surgimento dos implantes osseointegrados melhorou a qualidade de vida de pacientes edêntulos. Seu uso favorece retenção e estabilidade, gerando maior eficiência mastigatória e conforto. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar manutenção da força de retenção e padrões de tensões gerados na mandíbula em overdentures confeccionadas com dois sistemas de retenção retidas por 2 ou 3 implantes. Teste de carga cíclica e análise fotoelástica de tensões foram realizados. Para o teste de carga cíclica foram utilizados modelos representativos de mandíbulas desdentadas e os grupos analisados foram: A) 2 implantes com barra clipe; B) 3 implantes com barra clipe; C) 2 implantes com barra clipe e bola/o'ring nas extremidades; D) 3 implantes com barra clipe e bola/o'ring nas extremidades. Cinco espécimes por grupo foram submetidos à ciclagem e 5 permaneceram imersos na máquina de ciclagem (controle). As leituras de força de retenção foram realizadas por ensaio de tração em máquina de ensaios universal antes da ciclagem e a cada 500 mil ciclos. A ciclagem foi realizada com frequência de 1,8 Hz, carga de 130 N, por 2 milhões de ciclos. Para a aplicação de carga, foram feitas pontas correspondentes à arcada antagonista unilateral posterior. Os dados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente pelo modelo linear de efeitos mistos. Para a análise fotoelástica...

Evaluation of Stress Patterns Produced by Implant-Retained Overdentures and Implant-Retained Fixed Partial Denture

Quinelli Mazaro, Jose Vitor; Gennari Filho, Humberto; Vedovatto, Eduardo; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; Rosifini Alves Rezende, Maria Cristina; Zavanelli, Adriana Cristina
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2153-2157
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
The purposes of this study were to photoelastically measure the biomechanical behavior of 4 implants retaining different cantilevered bar mandibular overdenture designs and to compare a fixed partial denture (FPD). A photoelastic model of a human edentulous mandible was fabricated, which contained 4 screw-type implants (3.75 x 10 mm) embedded in the parasymphyseal area. An FPD and 3 overdenture designs with the following attachments were evaluated: 3 plastic Hader clips, 1 Hader clip with 2 posterior resilient cap attachments, and 3 ball/O-ring attachments. Vertical occlusal forces of 100 N were applied between the central incisor and unilaterally to the right and left second premolars and second molars. Stresses that developed in the supporting structure were monitored photoelastically and recorded photographically. The results showed that the anterior loading, the overdenture with 3 plastic Hader clips, displayed the largest stress concentration at the medium implant. With premolar loading, the FPD and overdenture with 3 plastic Hader clips displayed the highest stresses to the ipsilateral terminal implant. With molar loading, the overdenture with 3 ball/O-ring attachments displayed the most uniform stress distribution in the posterior edentulous ridge...

Evaluation of Bone Insertion Level of Support Teeth in Class I Mandibular Removable Partial Denture Associated With an Osseointegrated Implant: A Study Using Finite Element Analysis

Verri, Fellippo Ramos; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; Pereira, Joao Antonio; Zuim, Paulo Renato Junqueira; Santiago Junior, Joel Ferreira
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 192-+
ENG
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55.92%
Purpose: This study evaluated the influence of distal extension removable partial denture associated with implant in cases of different bone level of abutment tooth, using 2D finite element analysis.Materials and Methods: Eight hemiarch models were simulated: model A-presenting tooth 33 and distal extension removable partial denture replacing others teeth, using distal rest connection and no bone lost; model B-similar to model A but presenting distal guide plate connection; model C-similar to model A but presenting osseointegrated implant with ERA retention system associated under prosthetic base; model D-similar to model B but presenting osseointegrated implant as described in model C; models E, F, G, and H were similar to models A, B, C, and D but presenting reduced periodontal support around tooth 33. Using ANSYS 9.0 software, the models were loaded vertically with 50 N on each cusp tip. For results, von Mises Stress Maps were plotted.Results: Maximum stress value was encountered in model G (201.023 MPa). Stress distribution was concentrated on implant and retention system. The implant/removable partial denture association decreases stress levels on alveolar mucosa for all models.Conclusions: Use of implant and ERA system decreased stress concentrations on supporting structures in all models. Use of distal guide plate decreased stress levels on abutment tooth and cortical and trabecular bone. Tooth apex of models with reduced periodontal support presented increased stress when using distal rest. (Implant Dent 2011;20:192-201)

Shear bond strength fatigue limit of rest seats made with dental restoratives

Lopes, José Fernando Scarelli; Vergani, Carlos Eduardo; Giampaolo, Eunice Teresinha; Pavarina, Ana Cláudia; Machado, Ana Lucia
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 203-208
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
Purpose: This study compared the shear bond strength (SBS) to enamel of rest seats made with a glass-ionomer cement (Fuji IX GP Fast), a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (Fuji II LC), and a composite resin (Z100 MP) under monotonic and cyclic loading. Materials and Methods: Rest seats were built up onto the lingual surfaces of 80 intact human mandibular incisors. Specimens (n=10) were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 30 days and subjected to shear forces in a universal testing machine (0.5 mm/min) until fracture. The SBS values were calculated (MPa) using the bonding area (9.62 mm2) delimited by adhesive tags. A staircase approach was used to determine the SBS fatigue limit of each material. Specimens were submitted to either 10,000 cycles (5 Hz) or until specimen fracture. A minimum of 15 specimens was tested for each material. Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the mode of failure. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (α = 0.05). Results: Z100 MP yielded higher (p < 0.05) SBS (12.25 MPa) than Fuji IX GP Fast (7.21 MPa). No differences were found between Fuji II LC (10.29 MPa) and the other two materials (p > 0.05). Fuji II LC (6.54 MPa) and Z100 MP (6.26 MPa) had a similar SBS limit. Fuji IX GP Fast promoted the lowest (p < 0.05) SBS fatigue limit (2.33 MPa). All samples showed cohesive failure patterns. Conclusion: Fatigue testing can provide a better means of estimating the performance of rest seats made with dental restoratives.

Influence of voids in the hybrid layer based on self-etching adhesive systems: a 3-D FE analysis

Martini, Ana Paula; Anchieta, Rodolfo Bruniera; Rocha, Eduardo Passos; Freitas Junior, Amilcar Chagas; Almeida, Erika Oliveira de; Sundfeld, Renato Herman; Luersen, Marco Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 19-26
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
The presence of porosities at the dentin/adhesive interface has been observed with the use of new generation dentin bonding systems. These porosities tend to contradict the concept that etching and hybridization processes occur equally and simultaneously. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the micromechanical behavior of the hybrid layer (HL) with voids based on a self-etching adhesive system using 3-D finite element (FE) analysis. Three FE models (Mr) were built: Mr, dentin specimen (41x41x82 μm) with a regular and perfect (i.e. pore-free) HL based on a self-etching adhesive system, restored with composite resin; Mp, similar to M, but containing 25% (v/v) voids in the HL; Mpp, similar to Mr, but containing 50% (v/v) voids in the HL. A tensile load (0.03N) was applied on top of the composite resin. The stress field was obtained by using Ansys Workbench 10.0. The nodes of the base of the specimen were constrained in the x, y and z axes. The maximum principal stress (σmax) was obtained for all structures at the dentin/adhesive interface. The Mpp showed the highest peak of σmax in the HL (32.2 MPa), followed by Mp (30 MPa) and Mr (28.4 MPa). The stress concentration in the peritubular dentin was high in all models (120 MPa). All other structures positioned far from voids showed similar increase of stress. Voids incorporated into the HL raised the σmax in this region by 13.5%. This behavior might be responsible for lower bond strengths of self-etching and single-bottle adhesives...

Influence of buccal cusp reduction when using porcelain laminate veneers in premolars. A comparative study using 3-D finite element analysis

Archangelo, Carlos Marcelo; Rocha, Eduardo Passos; Anchieta, Rodolfo Bruniera; Martin, Manoel; Freitas, Amilcar Chagas; Ko, Ching-Chang; Cattaneo, Paolo M.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 221-227
ENG
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Objectives: Based on a maxillary premolar restored with laminate veneer and using the 3-D finite element analysis (FEA) and mCT data, the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different types of buccal cusp reduction on the stress distribution in the porcelain laminate veneer and in the resin luting cement layer. Methods: Two 3-D FEA models (M) of a maxillary premolar were built from mCT data. The buccal cusp reduction followed two configurations: Mt-buccal cusp completely covered by porcelain laminate veneer; and Mp-buccal cusp partially covered by porcelain laminate veneer. The loading (150 N in 458) was performed on the top of the buccal cusp. The finite element software (Ansys Workbench 10.0) was used to obtain the maximum shear stress (σmax) and maximum principal stress (σmax). Results: The Mp showed reduced the stress (σmax) in porcelain laminate veneer (from-2.3 to 24.5 MPa) in comparison with Mt (from-5.3 to 27.4 MPa). The difference between the peak and lower stress values of σmax in Mp (-6.8 to 26.7 MPa) and Mt (-5.3 to 27.4 MPa) was similar for the resin luting cement layer. The structures not exceeded the ultimate tensile strength or the shear bond strength. Conclusions: Cusp reduction did not affect significant increase in σmax and τmax. The Mt showed better stress distribution (τmax) than Mp. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ireland on behalf of Japan Prosthodontic Society.

Analysis of hybrid layer thickness, resin tag length and their correlation with microtensile bond strength using a total etch adhesive to intact dentin.

Anchieta, Rodolfo B; Oliveira, Fernanda G; Sundfeld, Renato H; Rahal, Vanessa; Machado, Lucas S; Alexandre, Rodrigo S; Sundefeld, Maria L M M; Rocha, Eduardo P
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 272-278
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of a two-step total etch and rinse adhesive, the correlation between the hyybrid layer thickness (HL) and bond strength (BS), and between resin tag length (RT) and bond strength in the same teeth, and also to evaluate the fracture patterns of the tested specimens. Ten human molars were used for the restorative procedure and then sectioned in two halves (mesio-distally). The materials used were Adper Single Bond 2, 3M ESPE, Ultra etch gel, Ultradent and Filtek Z250, 3M ESPE. One half were utilized to measure the HL thickness and RT length through light microscopy analysis (400x), and the other half was subject to a microtensile test to measure the BS. The fractured surfaces were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and fracture patterns classified. The Pearson correlation test was applied (p = 0.05). The results of the analyses of each specimen then were correlated: mean HL thickness = 4.39 (0.48) microm, mean length of RT = 9.94 (1.69) microm, mean BS = 23.98 (10.24) MPa. A statistically significant correlation between HL thickness and bond strength was found (r = 0.93). The two step etch and rinse adhesive system, showed a strong correlation between HL thickness and bond strength. The most common fractures were adhesive...

Stress analysis in oral obturator prostheses: Imaging photoelastic

Pesqueira, Aldiéris Alves; Goiato, Marcelo Coelho; Dos Santos, Daniela Micheline; Haddad, Marcela Filié; Andreotti, Agda Marobo; Moreno, Amália
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
Maxillary defects resulting from cancer, trauma, and congenital malformation affect the chewing efficiency and retention of dentures in these patients. The use of implant-retained palatal obturator dentures has improved the self-esteem and quality of life of several subjects. We evaluate the stress distribution of implant-retained palatal obturator dentures with different attachment systems by using the photoelastic analysis images. Two photoelastic models of the maxilla with oral-sinus-nasal communication were fabricated. One model received three implants on the left side of the alveolar ridge (incisive, canine, and first molar regions) and the other did not receive implants. Afterwards, a conventional palatal obturator denture (control) and two implant-retained palatal obturator dentures with different attachment systems (O-ring; bar-clip) were constructed. Models were placed in a circular polariscope and a 100-N axial load was applied in three different regions (incisive, canine, and first molar regions) by using a universal testing machine. The results were photographed and analyzed qualitatively using a software (Adobe Photoshop). The bar-clip system exhibited the highest stress concentration followed by the O-ring system and conventional denture (control). Images generated by the photoelastic method help in the oral rehabilitator planning. © 2013 SPIE.

Influence of the implant diameter with different sizes of hexagon: Analysis by 3-dimensional finite element method

Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; Verri, Fellippo Ramos; De Moraes, Sandra Lúcia Dantas; Falcón-Antenucci, Rosse Mary; De Carvalho, Paulo Sérgio Perri; Noritomi, Pedro Yoshito
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 425-431
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution in implants of regular platforms and of wide diameter with different sizes of hexagon by the 3-dimensional finite element method. We used simulated 3-dimensional models with the aid of Solidworks 2006 and Rhinoceros 4.0 software for the design of the implant and abutment and the InVesalius software for the design of the bone. Each model represented a block of bone from the mandibular molar region with an implant 10 mm in length and different diameters. Model A was an implant 3.75 mm/regular hexagon, model B was an implant 5.00 mm/regular hexagon, and model C was an implant 5.00 mm/ expanded hexagon. A load of 200 N was applied in the axial, lateral, and oblique directions. At implant, applying the load (axial, lateral, and oblique), the 3 models presented stress concentration at the threads in the cervical and middle regions, and the stress was higher for model A. At the abutment, models A and B showed a similar stress distribution, concentrated at the cervical and middle third; model C showed the highest stresses. On the cortical bone, the stress was concentrated at the cervical region for the 3 models and was higher for model A. In the trabecular bone, the stresses were less intense and concentrated around the implant body...

Use of Stress Analysis Methods to Evaluate the Biomechanics of Oral Rehabilitation With Implants

Pesqueira, Aldieris Alves; Goiato, Marcelo Coelho; Gennari Filho, Humberto; Monteiro, Douglas Roberto; Santos, Daniela Micheline dos; Haddad, Marcela Filie; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza
Fonte: Allen Press Inc Publicador: Allen Press Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 217-228
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Because the biomechanical behavior of dental implants is different from that of natural tooth, clinical problems may occur. The mechanism of stress distribution and load transfer to the implant/bone interface is a critical issue affecting the success rate of implants. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct a brief literature review of the available stress analysis methods to study implant-supported prosthesis loading and to discuss their contributions in the biomechanical evaluation of oral rehabilitation with implants. Several studies have used experimental, analytical, and computational models by means of finite element models (FEM), photoelasticity, strain gauges and associations of these methods to evaluate the biomechanical behavior of dental implants. The FEM has been used to evaluate new components, configurations, materials, and shapes of implants. The greatest advantage of the photoelastic method is the ability to visualize the stresses in complex structures, such as oral structures, and to observe the stress patterns in the whole model, allowing the researcher to localize and quantify the stress magnitude. Strain gauges can be used to assess in vivo and in vitro stress in prostheses, implants, and teeth. Some authors use the strain gauge technique with photoelasticity or FEM techniques. These methodologies can be widely applied in dentistry...

Influence of Tapered and External Hexagon Connections on Bone Stresses Around Tilted Dental Implants: Three-Dimensional Finite Element Method With Statistical Analysis

Faria Almeida, Daniel Augusto de; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; Verri, Fellippo Ramos; Santiago, Joel Ferreira; Perri de Carvalho, Paulo Segio
Fonte: Amer Acad Periodontology Publicador: Amer Acad Periodontology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 261-269
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Background: The purpose of this study is to analyze the tension distribution on bone tissue around implants with different angulations (0 degrees, 17 degrees, and 30 degrees) and connections (external hexagon and tapered) through the use of three-dimensional finite element and statistical analyses.Methods: Twelve different configurations of three-dimensional finite element models, including three inclinations of the implants (0 degrees, 17 degrees, and 30 degrees), two connections (an external hexagon and a tapered), and two load applications (axial and oblique), were simulated. The maximum principal stress values for cortical bone were measured at the mesial, distal, buccal, and lingual regions around the implant for each analyzed situation, totaling 48 groups. Loads of 200 and 100 N were applied at the occlusal surface in the axial and oblique directions, respectively. Maximum principal stress values were measured at the bone crest and statistically analyzed using analysis of variance. Stress patterns in the bone tissue around the implant were analyzed qualitatively.Results: The results demonstrated that under the oblique loading process, the external hexagon connection showed significantly higher stress concentrations in the bone tissue (P < 0.05) compared with the tapered connection. Moreover...

Photoelasticity in Dentistry: a literature review

Corrêa, Cássia Bellotto; Ribeiro, Ana Lúcia Roselino; Reis, José Maurício dos Santos Nunes; Vaz, Luis Geraldo
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 178-184
POR
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Introduction and Objective: Photoelasticity consists of an experimental technique of stress analysis. This technique is very used in most different areas including Dentistry. This literature review presents the several applications of photoelastic technique in Dentistry the several applications of photoelastic technique in Dentistry as well as its advantages and disadvantages. Literature review: Based on this method of analysis, it is possible the verification of the stress distribution and deformation in structures with complex geometry as maxilla and mandible. It can be used to evaluate the distribution of stress on several types of prosthesis as removable partial denture systems with different retention systems, conventional implant prosthesis, overdentures and Brånemark protocols. Moreover, photoelasticity can be used to assess the stress generated by various by various orthodontic movements, different orthodontic systems and different materials (orthodontic wires). In addition, it is used to analyze different defects of maxillectomy, splint types on traumatized tooth and post-core restoration methods. This technique can also be used to assess dental instruments such as evaluation of different designs of periodontal probe. Conclusion: The photoelastic analysis has been a technique of great importance in health area studies...

Biodinamica restauradora de dentes tratados endodonticamente : analise por elementos finitos; Restorative biomechanical of endodontic treated teeth : finite element analysis

Paulo Cesar de Freitas Santos Soares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/04/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver protocolo de modelagem tridimensional para incisivo central superior com aplicabilidade ao método de elementos finitos e avaliar o comportamento biomecânico de incisivo superior tratado endodonticamente e restaurado com retentores e coroa cerâmica por meio de análise por elementos finitos comparado ao dente hígido. Para geração do modelo 3D foi selecionado incisivo central superior hígido. Esmalte e dentina foram degradados em diferentes fases com ácido clorídrico-10%, e mapeados com scanner de contato 3D (Modela, Roland). Para o mapeamento do volume pulpar, a dentina foi seccionada longitudinalmente no sentido mesio-distal e realizado o escaneamento do espaço negativo referente à polpa. Os arquivos *.STL foram exportados para programa Bio-CAD (Rhinoceros-3D). Volumes de cada estrutura dental e técnicas restauradoras foram gerados por meio da associação de superfícies NURBS. Os modelos foram exportados para o programa de elementos finitos (FEMAP-NeiNastran), onde foi realizado o processo de malhagem, inserção das propriedades mecânicas e condições de contorno. Foram gerados 17 modelos, sendo um do dente hígido e 16 modelos de acordo com os 4 fatores em estudo: tipo de retentor em dois níveis: pino de fibra de vidro (PFV) e núcleo moldado fundido (NMF)...

Análise fotoelástica de distribuição de tensões em implantes paralelos e em protocolo tipo all-on-four; Photoelastic analysis of stress distribution in parallel implants and protocol all-on-four

Rachid Pinto Zacarias Filho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2010 PT
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55.84%
O objetivo nesta pesquisa foi avaliar in vitro através da fotoelasticidade, as tensões induzidas em protocolos com implantes inclinados (conceito All-on-Four) e paralelos, utilizados em prótese sobre implantes mandibulares com infraestruturas confeccionadas em titânio, soldadas a laser e submetidos à carga distal. Os protocolos foram confeccionados com barras de titânio com 3 mm de diâmetro (Conexão Sistemas de Prótese - SP) soldados sobre 2 modelos-mestres em gesso especial (Durone-Dentsply) sendo: 1 modelo com quatro implantes dispostos de forma paralela (GP) e 1 modelo com quatro implantes, sendo dois mesiais dispostos de forma paralela e dois distais inclinados, instalados segundo o protocolo All-on-four (GI). A disposição dos implantes em número de quatro (GP) possuem perfurações eqüidistantes e paralelas entre si, seguindo a média do espaço intra-foramidal de acordo com o posicionamento encontrado para o sistema Branemark®. No caso do grupo inclinado (GI), a instalação dos quatro implantes foi feita segundo o guia All-on-four da Nobel Biocare®. Todos os implantes Master Screw (Conexão Sistemas de Prótese - SP) eram hexágonos externos e diâmetro regular (3,75mm X 13 mm). Foi confeccionado um modelo com três paredes planas...

Efeito do tipo de pino, altura do remanescente coronário e carregamento na distribuição de tensões em prótese fixa de três elementos; Effect of post, ferule presence and loading on stress distribution in 3-unit fixed parcial denture

Gisele Rodrigues da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/12/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a influência do retentor intrarradicular, altura do remanescente coronário e tipo de carregamento virtualmente simulado, no comportamento biomecânico de prótese fixa anterior de 3 elementos. Quatro modelos tridimensionais de elementos finitos foram criados comparando-se o tipo de retentor nos dentes pilares (fibra de vidro ou núcleo metálico fundido) e a altura do remanescente coronário (0 e 2 mm). Para simular o tipo de carregamento foram considerados dois níveis de aplicação da força: 1- simulação de contato protrusivo (PRT): 200 N distribuídos nas cristas marginais palatinas dos incisivos superiores, sendo 50 N em cada crista marginal, a 45o do longo eixo do dente e 2- simulação de contato em lateralidade canina (LAT): 200 N aplicados na palatina do canino a 15º. Todos os materiais foram considerados homogêneos, lineares, elásticos e isotrópicos com exceção do pino de fibra de vidro, que foi considerado transversalmente isotrópico. O problema estrutural foi solucionado computacionalmente pelo Método de Elementos Finitos (MEF), em análise estrutural estática. A coerência da simulação foi observada pela análise do deslocamento e pelas tensões de von Mises. O deslocamento foi analisado de forma qualitativa e quantitativa comparando-se a região de deslocamento máximo sofrido pela prótese. Em seguida...

Photoelastic evaluation of the effect of composite formulation on polymerization shrinkage stress

Oliveira,Karla Mychellyne Costa; Consani,Simonides; Gonçalves,Luciano Souza; Brandt,William Cunha; Ccahuana-Vásquez,Renzo Alberto
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
We compared polymerization stress in two commercial composites and three experimental composites made using camphorquinone (CQ) and/or phenylpropanedione (PPD) as photoinitiators. The internal surfaces of photoelastic resin discs with cylindrical cavities were roughened and treated with adhesive. Composites were divided into five groups: two commercial composites (Filtek Silorane and Filtek Z250) and three experimental composites with CQ/amine, CQ/PPD/amine, and PPD/amine. Composites were photopolymerized inside cavities, and subjected to photoelastic analysis immediately and at 24 hours and 7 days later using a plane polariscope. Stress created by Silorane (3.08 ± 0.09 MPa) was similar to that of Z250 (3.19 ± 0.13 MPa) immediately after photopolymerization (p > 0.05). After 24 hours and 7 days, Z250 (3.53 ± 0.15 and 3.69 ± 0.10 MPa, respectively) showed higher stress than Silorane (3.19 ± 0.10 and 3.16 ± 0.10 MPa, respectively). Qualitative analysis immediately after photopolymerization showed composite/CQ promoted higher stress than PPD, but stress levels at other evaluated times were statistically similar, varying between 3.45 ± 0.11 MPa and 3.92 ± 0.13 MPa. At 24 hours and 7 days, Silorane created the lowest stress. All photoinitiators created comparable tensions during polymerization.

Biomechanical evaluation of subcrestal dental implants with different bone anchorages

SOTTO-MAIOR,Bruno Salles; LIMA,Camila de Andrade; SENNA,Plínio Mendes; CAMARGOS,Germana de Villa; DEL BEL CURY,Altair Antoninha
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
This study evaluated the biomechanical influence of apical bone anchorage on a single subcrestal dental implant using three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA). Four different bone anchorage designs were simulated on a posterior maxillary segment using one implant with platform switching and internal Morse taper connection as follows: 2 mm subcrestal placement with (SW) or without (SO) the implant apex engaged into the cortical bone or position at bone level with anchorage only in the crestal cortical (BO) bone or with bicortical fixation (BW). Each implant received a premolar crown, and all models were loaded with 200 N to simulate centric and eccentric occlusion. The peak tensile and compressive stress and strain were calculated at the crestal cortical, trabecular, and apical cortical bone. The vertical and horizontal implant displacements were measured at the platform level. FEA indicated that subcrestal placement (SW and SO) created lower stress and strain in the crestal cortical bone compared with crestal placement (BO and BW models). The SW model exhibited lesser vertical and horizontal implant micromovement compared with the SO and BO models under eccentric loading; however, stress and strain were higher in the apical cortical bone. The BW model exhibited the lowest implant displacement. These results indicate that subcrestal placement decreases the stress in the crestal cortical bone of dental implants...

A method to investigate the shrinkage stress developed by resin-composites bonded to a single flat surface

Pabis, Lucas V. S.; Xavier, Tathy A.; Rosa, Ecinele F.; Rodrigues, Flavia P.; Meira, Josete B. C.; Lima, Raul G.; Rodrigues Filho, Leonardo E.; Ballester, Rafael Y.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD; OXFORD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD; OXFORD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Objectives. To purpose a method for predicting the shrinkage stress development in the adhesive layer of resin-composite cylinders that shrink bonded to a single flat surface, by measuring the deflection of a glass coverslip caused by the shrinkage of the bonded cylinders. The correlation between the volume of the bonded resin-composite and the stress-peak was also investigated. Methods. A glass coverslip deflection caused by the shrinkage of a bonded resin-composite cylinder (diameter: d = 8 mm, 4 mm, or 2 mm, height: h = 4 mm, 2 mm, 1 mm, or 0.5 mm) was measured, and the same set-up was simulated by finite element analysis (3D-FEA). Stresses generated in the adhesive layer were plotted versus two geometric variables of the resin-composite cylinder (C-Factor and volume) to verify the existence of correlations between them and stresses. Results. The FEA models were validated. A significant correlation (p < 0.01, Pearson's test) between the stress-peak and the coverslip deflection when the resin-composites were grouped by diameter was found for diameters of 2 and 4 mm. The stress-peak of the whole set of data showed a logarithmic correlation with the bonded resin-composite volume (p < 0.001, Pearson's test), but did not correlate with the C-Factor. Significance. The described method should be considered for standardizing the stress generated by the shrinkage of resin-composite blocks bonded to a single flat surface. (C) 2012 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico-"National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development"); CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e TecnologicoNational Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development); FAPESP [07/00191-0]; FAPESP

Effects of threaded post placement on strain and stress distribution of endodontically treated teeth

Santos Filho,Paulo Cesar Freitas; Soares,Paulo Vinicius; Reis,Bruno Rodrigues; Verissimo,Crisnicaw; Soares,Carlos Jose
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of parallel and tapered threaded post placement on the strain and stress distribution of endodontically treated teeth. Fifteen bovine incisors were sectioned 15 mm from their apices, endodontically treated, and divided into three groups (n = 5) according to three different threaded posts: parallel threaded post (Radix-Anker, RA); tapered threaded post (Euro-Post, EP) and tapered threaded post (Reforpost II, RII). A strain-gauge was fixed on the proximal surface perpendicular to the long root axis, 2 mm from the cervical limit. Strain generated during post placement was recorded and compared using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α= .05). A scanning electron microscope was used to examine the longitudinal root sections. Stress was evaluated for each group in a two-dimensional finite element analysis. The models were meshed with tetrahedron elements and loaded with 2 N at an angle of 135° to the lingual face. The equivalent Von Mises stress was calculated. The one-way ANOVA showed significant difference among the groups. The RA group (150.0 ± 12.2 A) produced higher external strain than the RII (80.0 ± 12.2 B) and the EP (70.0 ± 6.1 B) groups. The inner strain was approximately five times greater than the external dentin strain. High stress concentrations in each thread of the posts were observed. Scanning electron micrographs showed cracks that started in the threads of the posts. The threaded post placement induced root strain mainly on the parallel side post. Root strain and stress concentration on the post threads tended to create cracks in the inner root canal dentin.

Investigation of the influence of design details on short implant biomechanics using colorimetric photoelastic analysis: a pilot study

Zielak,João César; Archetti,Felipe Belmonte; Scotton,Ricardo; Filietaz,Marcelo; Storrer,Carmen Lucia Mueller; Giovanini,Allan Fernando; Deliberador,Tatiana Miranda
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
Introduction: The clinical survival of a dental implant is directly related to its biomechanical behavior. Since short implants present lower bone/implant contact area, their design may be more critical to stress distribution to surrounding tissues. Photoelastic analysis is a biomechanical method that uses either simple qualitative results or complex calculations for the acquisition of quantitative data. In order to simplify data acquisition, we performed a pilot study to demonstrate the investigation of biomechanics via correlation of the findings of colorimetric photoelastic analysis (stress transition areas; STAs) of design details between two types of short dental implants under axial loads. Methods Implants were embedded in a soft photoelastic resin and axially loaded with 10 and 20 N of force. Implant design features were correlated with the STAs (mm2) of the colored fringes of colorimetric photoelastic analysis. Results Under a 10 N load, the surface area of the implants was directly related to STA, whereas under a 20 N load, the surface area and thread height were inversely related to STA. Conclusion A smaller external thread height seemed to improve the biomechanical performance of the short implants investigated.