Página 1 dos resultados de 151 itens digitais encontrados em 0.005 segundos

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Patients on Conventional and Short Daily Hemodialysis

ELIAS, Rosilene Motta; CASTRO, Manuel Carlos Martins; QUEIROZ, Eduardo Lyra de; ABENSUR, Hugo; ROMAO-JUNIOR, Joao Egidio; LORENZI-FILHO, Geraldo
Fonte: KARGER Publicador: KARGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.59%
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common among patients on maintenance hemodialysis. However, the factors associated with the origin of OSA as well as the cardiovascular consequences in this population are not completely understood. We evaluated, by standard overnight polysomnography, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and echocardiography in 30 patients (14 males, age 34 +/- 11 years, BMI 23.2 +/- 5.2) - 15 on short daily hemodialysis (SDH) and 15 matched patients on conventional hemodialysis (CHD). The hemodialysis dose (standard Kt/V) was higher in patients on SDH than on CHD (p = 0.001). OSA (apnea-hypopnea index 1 5 events/h) was present in 13 patients (43%). Patients with OSA were predominantly males (77 vs. 44%), presented a higher BMI (25.5 +/- 6.2 vs. 21.5 +/- 3.6), a larger neck circumference (38 +/- 1 vs. 34 +/- 1 cm) and a lower Kt/V (2.6 +/- 0.3 vs. 2.2 +/- 0.1) than patients with no OSA (p < 0.05). Neck circumference and lower Kt/V were independently associated with OSA on multivariate analysis. No patient with Kt/V > 2.5 (n = 10) presented OSA. On the other hand, hypertensive patients with OSA needed more BP control pills (p = 0.03). Despite similar BP control, patients with OSA presented a higher interventricular septum thickness (11.5 +/- 0.5 vs. 9.9 +/- 0.3 mm; p = 0.011). In conclusion...

"Estudo do cotidiano e qualidade de vida de pessoas com insuficiência renal crônica (IRC), em hemodiálise" ; “Study of the daily life and quality of life of persons with chronic renal failure (crf), in hemodialysis.”

Bezerra, Karina Viviani
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/08/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
A insuficiência renal crônica (IRC) é considerada um grande problema de saúde pública, devido às altas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Os insuficientes renais crônicos (IRCs) apresentam várias dificuldades em seu cotidiano, como: constantes visitas ao médico, sessões de hemodiálise e restrições alimentares; fatores que desestruturam seu cotidiano e comprometem sua qualidade de vida. Essa pesquisa tem como objetivo avaliar a percepção das pessoas com IRC com relação a atividades cotidianas e ocupacionais, junto a dois serviços públicos de saúde em Ribeirão Preto; assim como avaliar a percepção da qualidade de vida dentro dos seguintes domínios: Físico, Psicológico, Social e Meio Ambiente. A amostragem analisada foi composta por 70 indivíduos adultos que recebiam hemodiálise, de ambos os sexos (35 homens e 35 mulheres), com idades variando entre 17 e 60 anos. Os dados foram coletados através da aplicação de três questionários: o primeiro estruturado para a caracterização de dados sócio-demográficos, o segundo para a auto-avaliação do Funcionamento Ocupacional (SAOF) e o terceiro para a Avaliação de Qualidade de Vida da Organização Mundial da Saúde (WHOQOL-bref). Os instrumentos foram úteis e de importância para avaliar a qualidade de vida e o desempenho ocupacional dessas pessoas: observou-se na aplicação do SAOF que...

Impacto do reprocessamento de dialisadores de alto fluxo e alta eficiência sobre o transporte de solutos em sessões de hemodiafiltração online curta diária; Reprocessing high-flux, high-efficiency polysulfone dialyzers on solutes removal in short daily online hemodiafiltration

Melo, Natália Corrêa Vieira de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/12/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
Introdução: Não há estudos que avaliem o impacto da reutilização do dialisador na remoção de solutos em sessões de hemodiafiltração online curta diária (HDF-OL-D). Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto do reuso do dialisador na dose do tratamento, na cinética de beta2-microglobulina e na extração de solutos em sessões de HDF-OL-D e comparar com sessões de hemodiálise curta diária de alto fluxo (HD-D). Métodos: Foram incluídos 14 pacientes do programa de HD-D. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue pré, no meio e pós-diálise e amostras do dialisato no 1º, 7º e 13º usos do dialisador em sessões de HD-D e de HDF-OL-D. Resultados: A massa total extraída (MTDQ) e a depuração (KDQ) diretamente quantificada dos solutos pequenos (ureia, fósforo, creatinina e ácido úrico), bem como a dose de diálise ofertada, foram semelhantes quando o 1º, 7º e 13º usos do dialisador em sessões de HD-D foram comparados, respectivamente, ao 1º, 7º e 13º usos em sessões de HDF-OL-D. A MTDQ e a KDQ dos solutos pequenos e a dose de diálise foram semelhantes entre os usos do dialisador tanto em sessões de HD-D e quanto em sessões de HDF-OL-D. A MTDQ, a KDQ e o Kt/V diretamente quantificado (Kt/VDQ) de beta2-microglobulina foram maiores em sessões de HDF-OL-D do que nos respectivos usos do dialisador em sessões de HD-D. Não houve diferença quanto à cinética de beta2-microglobulina...

High volume peritoneal dialysis vs daily hemodialysis: A randomized, controlled trial in patients with acute kidney injury

Gabriel, Daniela Ponce; Caramori, Jacqueline Costa Teixeira; Martim, L. C.; Barretti, Pasqual; Balbi, A. L.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: S87-S93
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
There is no consensus in the literature on the best renal replacement therapy (RRT) in acute kidney injury (AKI), with both hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) being used as AKI therapy. However, there are concerns about the inadequacy of PD as well as about the intermittency of HD complicated by hemodynamic instability. Recently, continuous replacement renal therapy (CRRT) have become the most commonly used dialysis method for AKI around the world. A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed to compare the effect of high volume peritoneal dialysis (HVPD) with daily hemodialysis (DHD) on AKI patient survival. A total of 120 patients with acute tubular necrosis (ATN) were assigned to HVPD or DHD in a tertiary-care university hospital. The primary end points were hospital survival rate and renal function recovery, with metabolic control as the secondary end point. Sixty patients were treated with HVPD and 60 with DHD. The HVPD and DHD groups were similar for age ( 64.2 +/- 19.8 and 62.5 +/- 21.2 years), gender ( male: 72 and 66%), sepsis ( 42 and 47%), hemodynamic instability ( 61 and 63%), severity of AKI ( Acute Tubular Necrosis-Index Specific Score (ATN-ISS): 0.68 +/- 0.2 and 0.66 +/- 0.2), Acute Physiology...

Continuous peritoneal dialysis compared with daily hemodialysis in patients with acute kidney injury

Gabriel, Daniela Ponce; Caramori, Jacqueline Costa Teixeira; Martin, Luis Cuadrado; Barretti, Pasqual; Balbi, André Luís
Fonte: Multimed Inc Publicador: Multimed Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: S62-S71
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
Background: In some parts of the world, peritoneal dialysis is widely used for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in acute kidney injury (AKI), despite concerns about its inadequacy. It has been replaced in recent years by hemodialysis and, most recently, by continuous venovenous therapies. We performed a prospective study to determine the effect of continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD), as compared with daily hemodialysis (dHD), on survival among patients with AKI.Methods: A total of 120 patients with acute tubular necrosis (ATN) were assigned to receive CPD or dHD in a tertiary-care university hospital. The primary endpoint was hospital survival rate; renal function recovery and metabolic, acid-base, and fluid controls were secondary endpoints.Results: of the 120 patients, 60 were treated with CPD (G1) and 60 with dHD (G2). The two groups were similar at the start of RRT with respect to age (64.2 +/- 19.8 years vs 62.5 +/- 21.2 years), sex (men: 72% vs 66%), sepsis (42% vs 47%), shock (61% vs 63%), severity of AKI [Acute Tubular Necrosis Individual Severity Score (ATNISS): 0.68 +/- 0.2 vs 0.66 +/- 0.22; Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II: 26.9 +/- 8.9 vs 24.1 +/- 8.2], pre-dialysis blood urea nitrogen [BUN (116.4 +/- 33.6 mg/dL vs 112.6 +/- 36.8 mg/dL)]...

Peritoneal dialysis in acute renal failure

Gabriel, Daniela Ponce; Nascimento, Ginivaldo Victor R.; Caramori, Jacqueline Teixeira; Martim, Luís Cuadrado; Barretti, Pasqual; Balbi, André Luís
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Revisão Formato: 451-456
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
The definition of adequate dialysis in acute renal failure (ARF) is complex and involves the time of referral to dialysis, dose, and dialytic method. Nephrologist experience with a specific procedure and the availability of different dialysis modalities play an important role in these choices. There is no consensus in literature on the best method or ideal dialysis dose in ARF. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is used less and less in ARF patients, and is being replaced by continuous venovenous therapies. However, it should not be discarded as a worthless therapeutic option for ARF patients. PD offers several advantages over hemodialysis, such as its technical simplicity, excellent cardiovascular tolerance, absence of an extracorporeal circuit, lack of bleeding risk, and low risk of hydro-electrolyte imbalance. PD also has some limitations, though: it needs an intact peritoneal cavity, carries risks of peritoneal infection and protein losses, and has an overall lower effectiveness. Because daily solute clearance is lower with PD than with daily HD, there have been concerns that PD cannot control uremia in ARF patients. Controversies exist concerning its use in patients with severe hypercatabolism; in these cases, daily hemodialysis or continuous venovenous therapy have been preferred. There is little literature on PD in ARF patients...

A randomized clinical trial of high volume peritoneal dialysis versus extended daily hemodialysis for acute kidney injury patients

Ponce, D.; Berbel, M. N.; Abrão, Juliana Maria Gera; Goes, C. R.; Balbi, A. L.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 869-878
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.55%
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis in critically ill patients is associated with an in-hospital mortality rate of 50-80 %. Extended daily hemodialysis (EHD) and high volume peritoneal dialysis (HVPD) have emerged as alternative modalities. Methods: A double-center, randomized, controlled trial was conducted comparing EHD versus HVPD for the treatment for AKI in the intensive care unit (ICU). Four hundred and seven patients were randomized and 143 patients were analyzed. Principal outcome measure was hospital mortality, and secondary end points were recovery of renal function and metabolic and fluid control. Results: There was no difference between the two groups in relation to median ICU stay [11 (5.7-20) vs. 9 (5.7-19)], recovery of kidney function (26.9 vs. 29.6 %, p = 0.11), need for chronic dialysis (9.7 vs. 6.5 %, p = 0.23), and hospital mortality (63.4 vs. 63.9 %, p = 0.94). The groups were different in metabolic and fluid control. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and bicarbonate levels were stabilized faster in EHD group than in HVPD group. Delivered Kt/V and ultrafiltration were higher in EHD group. Despite randomization, there were significant differences between the groups in some covariates, including age...

Effects of in-center daily hemodialysis upon mineral metabolism and bone disease in end-stage renal disease patients

Lugon,Jocemir Ronaldo; André,Mauro Barros; Duarte,Maria Eugênia Leite; Rembold,Simone Martins; Cruz,Elisa de Albuquerque Sampaio da
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.8%
CONTEXT: Alternative hemodialysis schedules have been proposed to improve the quality of the dialysis. Nonetheless, their influence upon mineral and bone disorders is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To report the impact of a daily hemodialysis schedule upon the lesions of renal osteodystrophy. TYPE OF STUDY: Prospective non-controlled study. SETTING: Public University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Five patients treated by daily hemodialysis for at least 24 months. INTERVENTION: Daily dialysis sessions were accomplished with non-proportional dialysis machines without an ultrafiltration control device, with blood flow of 300 ml/min, bicarbonate dialysate ([Ca]=3.5 mEq/L) at 500 ml/min, and low-flux membrane dialyzers. Sessions were started at 6:00 p.m. (except Sundays) and lasted 2 hours. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Serum levels of Ca and P from the last 6 months on conventional hemodialysis for the same patients were used for comparison with each semester of daily hemodialysis. Bone biopsies and PTH levels were obtained at the end of the conventional hemodialysis period and then again after 2 years of daily hemodialysis. RESULTS: Mean serum calcium was significantly higher during the second and third semesters of daily dialysis [10.0 mg% (SD 0.6), and 10.0 mg% (SD 0.8)...

Vancomycin Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics during Short Daily Hemodialysis

Decker, Brian S.; Kays, Michael B.; Chambers, Mary; Kraus, Michael A.; Moe, Sharon M.; Sowinski, Kevin M.
Fonte: American Society of Nephrology Publicador: American Society of Nephrology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
Background and objectives: Short daily hemodialysis (SDHD) is an alternative to thrice-weekly HD because of its putative physiologic benefits. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of SDHD on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of vancomycin.

Risk of Vascular Access Complications with Frequent Hemodialysis

Suri, Rita S.; Larive, Brett; Sherer, Susan; Eggers, Paul; Gassman, Jennifer; James, Sam H.; Lindsay, Robert M.; Lockridge, Robert S.; Ornt, Daniel B.; Rocco, Michael V.; Ting, George O.; Kliger, Alan S.;
Fonte: American Society of Nephrology Publicador: American Society of Nephrology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Frequent hemodialysis requires using the vascular access more often than with conventional hemodialysis, but whether this increases the risk for access-related complications is unknown. In two separate trials, we randomly assigned 245 patients to receive in-center daily hemodialysis (6 days per week) or conventional hemodialysis (3 days per week) and 87 patients to receive home nocturnal hemodialysis (6 nights per week) or conventional hemodialysis, for 12 months. The primary vascular access outcome was time to first access event (repair, loss, or access-related hospitalization). Secondary outcomes were time to all repairs and time to all losses. In the Daily Trial, 77 (31%) of 245 patients had a primary outcome event: 33 repairs and 15 losses in the daily group and 17 repairs, 11 losses, and 1 hospitalization in the conventional group. Overall, the risk for a first access event was 76% higher with daily hemodialysis than with conventional hemodialysis (hazard ratio [HR], 1.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11–2.79; P=0.017); among the 198 patients with an arteriovenous (AV) access at randomization, the risk was 90% higher with daily hemodialysis (HR, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.11–3.25; P=0.02). Daily hemodialysis patients had significantly more total AV access repairs than conventional hemodialysis patients (P=0.011)...

The re-emergence of short daily haemodialysis

Schiller, Brigitte
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
Thrice weekly in-center hemodialysis is the standard of care for dialysis patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, there is ongoing debate as to whether more frequent hemodialysis, with its readier management of both toxin and fluid removal, benefits patients. New evidence from recent studies, both in center dialysis and in home haemodialysis patients, adds further confirmation of improved cardiovascular outcome and quality of life in patients undergoing short daily hemodialysis. A paradigm shift in ESRD care delivery may be facilitated due to new technology enabling daily therapy at home.

Management of acute kidney injury in the intensive care unit: a cost-effectiveness analysis of daily vs alternative-day hemodialysis

Desai, Amar A.; Baras, Jacqueline; Berk, Benjamin B.; Nakajima, Aya; Garber, Alan M; Owens, Douglas; Chertow, Glenn M.
Fonte: American Medical Association Publicador: American Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
Background Although evidence suggests that a higher hemodialysis dose and/or frequency may be associated with improved outcomes, the cost-effectiveness of a daily hemodialysis strategy for critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) is unknown. Methods We developed a Markov model of the cost, quality of life, survival, and incremental cost-effectiveness of daily hemodialysis, compared with alternate-day hemodialysis, for patients with AKI in the intensive care unit (ICU). We employed a societal perspective with a lifetime analytic time horizon. We modeled the efficacy of daily hemodialysis as a reduction in the relative risk of death on the basis of data reported in the 2004 clinical trial published by Schiffl et al. We performed 1- and 2-way sensitivity analyses across cost, efficacy, and utility input variables. The main outcome measure was cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY). Results In the base case for a 60-year-old man, daily hemodialysis was projected to add 2.14 QALYs and $10 924 in cost. We found that the cost-effectiveness of daily hemodialysis compared with alternate-day hemodialysis was $5084 per QALY gained. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio became less favorable (>$50 000 per QALY gained) when the maintenance hemodialysis rate of the daily hemodialysis group was varied to more than 27% and when the difference in 14-day postdischarge mortality between the alternatives was varied to less than 0.5%. Conclusion Daily hemodialysis is a cost-effective strategy compared with alternate-day hemodialysis for patients with severe AKI in the ICU.

Oral L-carnitine: Metabolite formation and hemodialysis

Bain, M.; Faull, R.; Milne, R.; Evans, A.
Fonte: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. Publicador: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
L-Carnitine has important roles in intermediary metabolism and patients with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing hemodialysis may develop a secondary L-carnitine deficiency. The extent of accumulation of the metabolites trimethylamine and trimethylamine-N-oxide when L-carnitine is administered orally has not been investigated previously in this population. Oral L-carnitine at a dose of 1 g daily was administered for twelve days to six patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis thrice weekly. Pre-dialysis plasma concentrations of L-carnitine (mean ± SD) increased significantly (P < 0.05) from day 1 (baseline; 32.4 ± 6.1 μM) to day 8 (66.1 ± 13.8 μM) remaining constant thereafter. Although plasma levels of trimethylamine remained unaltered, the pre-dialysis plasma concentrations of trimethylamine- N-oxide increased significantly (P < 0.05) from day 1 (289.1 ± 236.1 μM) to day 12 (529.0 ± 237.9 μM). The hemodialysis clearances for L-carnitine, trimethylamine and trimethylamine-N-oxide were 14.3 ± 8.2, 14.1 ± 10.6 and 12.4 ± 5.4 L/h, respectively, indicating their efficient removal by dialysis. Oral administration of L-carnitine at a dose of 1 g daily increases plasma concentrations of this substance to physiological levels in patients with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing hemodialysis. However...

Daily variation in death in patients treated by long-term dialysis: comparison of in-center hemodialysis to peritoneal and home hemodialysis

Krishnasamy, R.; Badve, S.; Hawley, C.; McDonald, S.; Boudville, N.; Brown, F.; Polkinghorne, K.; Bannister, K.; Wiggins, K.; Clayton, P.; Johnson, D.
Fonte: W B Saunders Co Publicador: W B Saunders Co
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
BACKGROUND: There has been little study to date of daily variation in cardiac death in dialysis patients and whether such variation differs according to dialysis modality and session frequency. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study using ANZDATA (Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant) Registry data. Setting & Participants: All adult patients with end-stage kidney failure treated by dialysis in Australia and New Zealand who died between 1999 and 2008. PREDICTORS: Timing of death (day of week), dialysis modality, hemodialysis (HD) session frequency, and demographic, clinical, and facility variables. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: Cardiac and noncardiac mortality. RESULTS: 14,636 adult dialysis patients died during the study period (HD, n = 10,338; peritoneal dialysis [PD], n = 4,298). Cardiac death accounted for 40% of deaths and was significantly more likely to occur on Mondays in in-center HD patients receiving 3 or fewer dialysis sessions per week (n = 9,503; adjusted OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.14-1.40; P < 0.001 compared with the mean odds of cardiac death for all days of the week). This daily variation in cardiac death was not seen in PD patients, in-center HD patients receiving more than 3 sessions per week (n = 251), or home HD patients (n = 573). Subgroup analyses showed that deaths related to hyperkalemia and myocardial infarction also were associated with daily variation in risk in HD patients. This pattern was not seen for vascular...

The Experience of the Older Adult With End-Stage Renal Disease on Hemodialysis

CORRIGAN, REBECCA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
Background: The growth in the number of individuals with end-stage renal disease has implications in terms of both the health of individuals, especially older adults (aged 65 years and older), and the capacity of the health care system to provide adequate treatment needed by these patients. Much has been written regarding the pathophysiology of end-stage renal disease as well as how modern advances in technology have contributed to the ‘dialysis world’. However, the literature is sparse in relation to how older adults experience end-stage renal disease and the technological complexity of dialysis in their daily lives. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of being hemodialysis-dependent for the older adult living with end-stage renal disease. Method: A descriptive method using a qualitative interviewing approach was used. Systematic focused thematic analysis guided by the Crisis of Physical Illness conceptual model allowed for the findings to surface. Data sources included individual interviews, direct observation of participants and the hemodialysis unit, along with field notes. A purposive sample of nine participants was obtained from two different hemodialysis units, both operated by Kingston General Hospital. Data were analyzed using the Colaizzi method. Findings: Five themes were identified by the participants: The Will to Live...

The impact of short daily hemodialysis on anemia and the quality of life in Chinese patients

Jiang, J.L.; Ren, W.; Song, J.; Sun, Q.L.; Xiao, X.Y.; Diao, X.Z.; Huang, Y.H.; Lan, L.; Wang, P.; Hu, Z.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.43%
Anemia is a frequent complication in hemodialysis patients. Compared to conventional hemodialysis (CHD), short daily hemodialysis (sDHD) has been reported to be effective in many countries except China. The aim of the present study was to determine whether sDHD could improve anemia and quality of life (QOL) for Chinese outpatients with end-stage renal disease. Twenty-seven patients (16 males/11 females) were converted from CHD to sDHD. All laboratory values were measured before conversion (baseline), at 3 months after conversion (sDHD1), and at 6 months after conversion (sDHD2). The patient's QOL was evaluated at baseline and 6 months after conversion using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Hemoglobin concentration increased significantly from 107.4±7.9 g/L at baseline to 114.4±6.8 g/L (P<0.05) at sDHD1, and 118.3±8.4 g/L (P<0.001) at sDHD2 (Student paired t-test). However, the dose requirement for erythropoietin decreased from 6847.8±1057.3 U/week at baseline to 5869.6±1094.6 U/week (P<0.05) at sDHD2. Weekly stdKt/V increased significantly from 2.05±0.13 at baseline to 2.73±0.20 (P<0.001) at sDHD1, and 2.84±0.26 (P<0.001) at sDHD2. C-reactive protein decreased from baseline to sDHD1 and sDHD2...

The impact of short daily hemodialysis on anemia and the quality of life in Chinese patients

Jiang,J.L.; Ren,W.; Song,J.; Sun,Q.L.; Xiao,X.Y.; Diao,X.Z.; Huang,Y.H.; Lan,L.; Wang,P.; Hu,Z.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
Anemia is a frequent complication in hemodialysis patients. Compared to conventional hemodialysis (CHD), short daily hemodialysis (sDHD) has been reported to be effective in many countries except China. The aim of the present study was to determine whether sDHD could improve anemia and quality of life (QOL) for Chinese outpatients with end-stage renal disease. Twenty-seven patients (16 males/11 females) were converted from CHD to sDHD. All laboratory values were measured before conversion (baseline), at 3 months after conversion (sDHD1), and at 6 months after conversion (sDHD2). The patient's QOL was evaluated at baseline and 6 months after conversion using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Hemoglobin concentration increased significantly from 107.4±7.9 g/L at baseline to 114.4±6.8 g/L (P<0.05) at sDHD1, and 118.3±8.4 g/L (P<0.001) at sDHD2 (Student paired t-test). However, the dose requirement for erythropoietin decreased from 6847.8±1057.3 U/week at baseline to 5869.6±1094.6 U/week (P<0.05) at sDHD2. Weekly stdKt/V increased significantly from 2.05±0.13 at baseline to 2.73±0.20 (P<0.001) at sDHD1, and 2.84±0.26 (P<0.001) at sDHD2. C-reactive protein decreased from baseline to sDHD1 and sDHD2...

Optimization of inpatient hemodialysis scheduling considering efficiency and treatment delays to minimize length of stay

Tolentino Peña, Manuel
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
Inpatient dialysis units face an uncertain daily demand of hemodialysis procedures for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients hospitalized for health conditions that may or may not be directly related to their renal disease. While hospitalized, these patients must receive hemodialysis in addition to any medical services needed for their primary diagnosis. As a result, when demand for inpatient dialysis is high, treatments and procedures required by these inpatients may be delayed increasing their length of stays (LOS). This research presents an optimization approach for daily scheduling of inpatient hemodialysis to maximize the efficiency of the dialysis unit while minimizing delays of other scheduled procedures that could extend the LOS of the inpatients. The optimization approach takes into account the dialysis protocols prescribed by a treating nephrologist for each dialysis patient, the variable duration of the dialysis treatments, the limited capacity of the dialysis equipment and personnel, as well as the isolation requirements used to mitigate the spread of healthcare-associated infections (HAI). In addition, a variant of the optimization approach is developed that considers uncertainty associated with rescheduling procedures that are delayed and the expected impact on LOS. An experimental performance evaluation illustrates the capability and effectiveness of the proposed scheduling methodologies. The results of this research indicate that the optimization-based scheduling approaches developed in this study could be used on a daily basis by an inpatient dialysis unit to create efficient dialysis schedules.

A dialética da vida cotidiana de doentes com insuficiência renal crônica: entre o inevitável e o casual; La dialéctica de la vida cotidiana de pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica en hemodiálisis: lo inevitable y lo casual; A dialectic of patients' daily life with cronic renal failure in hemodialysis: the unavoidable and the casual

Machado, Leise Rodrigues Carrijo; Car, Marcia Regina
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2003 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
Procurou-se compreender o cotidiano da vida de doentes com insuficiência renal crônica em hemodiálise sob a visão do referencial teórico-metodológico do materialismo histórico e dialético. As entrevistas realizadas com 18 doentes foram submetidas ao procedimento de análise de discurso, revelando temas da realidade social da vida cotidiana destes doentes. Estes temas foram, então, analisados frente às categorias: processo saúde-doença; possibilidade x realidade e necessidade x casualidade. Para estes doentes o tratamento hemodialítico é inevitável e o transplante é casual e, entre esta relação dialética está a enfermagem que precisa ampliar sua compreensão sobre a árdua, triste, difícil e monótona realidade e suas possibilidades de transformação.; Se procuró comprender la vida cotidiana de pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica en hemodiálisis desde la visión del materialismo histórico y dialéctico como referencial teórico - metodológico. Las entrevistas, realizadas a 18 pacientes, fueron sometidas al procedimiento de análisis de discurso revelando temas de la realidad social como parte de la vida cotidiana de estos pacientes. Estos temas fueron analizados frente a las categorías: proceso salud-enfermedad; posibilidad versus realidad y necesidad versus casualidad. Para estos pacientes el tratamiento hemodiálico es inevitable y el transplante es casual. Entre esta relación dialéctica se encuentra enfermería que precisa ampliar su comprensión de la ardua...

Quality of life in chronic kidney failure patients receiving hemodialysis treatment; Calidad de vida del paciente renal crónico en tratamiento hemodialítico; Qualidade de vida de pessoas com doença renal crônica em tratamento hemodialítico

Martins, Marielza R. Ismael; Cesarino, Claudia Bernardi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2005 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
This descriptive study aims to evaluate the quality of life in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) treatment and to identify the daily activities that may impair their quality of life. We investigated 125 chronic kidney failure patients under hemodialysis treatment by means of the Medical Outcome Survey-Short-Form 36 (SF-36), and their daily activities, by means of semi-structured interviews. For statistical data analysis, a significance level of 5% was used. The results evidenced that these individuals' quality of life is impaired, with lower scores for physical, emotion and vitality aspects. There was a negative correlation between time spent on HD and the physical component (r= - 0.75) and between hemodialysis time and daily activities such as work, housework and practical activities. Physical and leisure activities were the most affected in the general sample as well as in the one stratified by gender.; Estudio descriptivo que objetiva analizar las variables de la calidad de vida del enfermo renal crónico en tratamiento hemodialítico (HD) y conocer las actividades cotidianas y las implicaciones en la calidad de vida. Se investigó a 125 enfermos renales crónicos en tratamiento hemodialítico mediante el Cuestionario Genérico de la Calidad de Vida SF-36...