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Avaliação da percentagem de massa gorda numa população pediátrica: comparação entre os métodos DXA e antropometria

Cunha, Sara Isabel de Olim Andrade
Fonte: Universidade da Madeira Publicador: Universidade da Madeira
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
Objectivo: Proceder à validação da equação de Slaugther e col., (1988), na estimação da percentagem de massa gorda (%MG), em crianças com 9 anos de idade, tendo a DXA como método de referência. Metodologia: A avaliação da composição corporal foi realizada em 450 crianças, das quais 219 eram raparigas (idade: 9.74 ± 0.33 anos; altura: 136.88 ± 6.8 cm; peso: 33.77 ± 8.16 kg; índice de massa corporal (IMC): 17.85 ± 3.16 kg/m2) e 231 eram rapazes (idade: 9.75 ± 0.33 anos; altura: 137.17 ± 6.97cm; peso: 34.3 ± 8.09 kg; IMC: 18.09 ± 3.17 kg/m2), pela DXA (QDR – 1500: Hologic, Waltham, MA, pencil beam mode, software version 5.67 anhanced whole body analisis) e pelas pregas adiposas subcutâneas, cujo os valores das pregas adiposas tricipital e geminal foram utilizados na equação desenvolvida por Slaugther e col., (1988). Na análise estatística, foram utilizadas a comparação de médias, a regressão linear e a concordância entre os métodos. Resultados: A %MG obtida por ambos os métodos apresentou diferenças significativas (p<0.05) entre os géneros, sendo as raparigas as que apresentam, em média, maiores valores de gordura corporal. Tanto para os rapazes como para as raparigas a %MGDXA é superior à %MGSKF. Na predição dos valores de %MG...

O uso da absorciometria por Duplo Feixe de Raios X (DXA) no diagnóstico da síndrome de apneia/hipopneia obstrutiva do sono em mulheres adultas

Bezerra, Patrícia Costa
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Tese
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.55%
Tese (doutorado)—Universidade de Brasília, Faculdade de Medicina, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, 2011.; A obesidade é descrita como o mais importante fator preditivo de Síndrome de Apneia HIPOPNEIA Obstrutiva do Sono (SAHOS). A maioria das pesquisas utiliza somente indicadores antropométricos para diagnosticar a obesidade na população com SAHOS. O presente estudo avaliou a associação entre o diagnóstico de apneia obstrutiva do sono e (a) o percentual de gordura corporal medido por Absorciometria por Duplo Feixe de Raios X (DXA); (b) indicadores antropométricos de adiposidade corporal; (c) a presença de síndrome metabólica; (d) níveis séricos de leptina; e (e) níveis séricos de proteína Creativa. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com amostra de casos consecutivos. Participaram da pesquisa 50 mulheres adultas, com suspeita de SAHOS admitidas no Laboratório do Sono do Hospital Universitário da Universidade de Brasília no período de julho a dezembro de 2009. Todas realizaram polissonografia, avaliação antropométrica (Índice de Massa Corporal, circunferências da cintura e do pescoço), composição corporal analisada por DXA e avaliação bioquímica (perfil lipídico, glicemia de jejum...

Validação da bioimpedância elétrica por multifrequência na determinação da massa gorda, massa isenta de gordura e osso e conteúdo mineral ósseo em atletas

Mouad, Mariana
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.46%
Mestrado em Exercício e Saúde; É reconhecida a importância de avaliar a composição corporal na população atlética. Para o efeito é preciso utilizar técnicas válidas na determinação dos principais componentes moleculares. A Densitometria Radiológica de Dupla Energia (DXA) é um método preciso e válido para avaliação de composição corporal. No entanto, a DXA é uma técnica ainda pouco acessível em contextos não laboratoriais. Desta forma, é importante utilizar técnicas mais simples e práticas como a bioimpedância eléctrica (BIA). No entando poucos estudos validaram a BIA especialmente de multifrequência na avaliação da composição corporal em atletas. Assim, o objectivo desta investigação é testar a validade da BIA de multifrequência (Tanita, modelo MC-180) na determinação do conteúdo mineral ósseo (CMO), massa gorda (MG) e massa isenta de gordura e osso (MIGO) em atletas. Um total de 79 atletas (feminino/masculino) foram avaliados pela BIA e pela DXA. Comparação de médias, coeficiente de correlação de concordância, regressão múltipla, e o método Bland-Altman foram realizados. A Tanita apresentou um poder explicativo de 76 %, 72%, 95% e 73% da variabilidade total observada a partir do método de referência para a MG (kg)...

Pediatric DXA: technique and interpretation

Binkovitz, Larry A.; Henwood, Maria J.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.46%
This article reviews dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) technique and interpretation with emphasis on the considerations unique to pediatrics. Specifically, the use of DXA in children requires the radiologist to be a “clinical pathologist” monitoring the technical aspects of the DXA acquisition, a “statistician” knowledgeable in the concepts of Z-scores and least significant changes, and a “bone specialist” providing the referring clinician a meaningful context for the numeric result generated by DXA. The patient factors that most significantly influence bone mineral density are discussed and are reviewed with respect to available normative databases. The effects the growing skeleton has on the DXA result are also presented. Most important, the need for the radiologist to be actively involved in the technical and interpretive aspects of DXA is stressed. Finally, the diagnosis of osteoporosis should not be made on DXA results alone but should take into account other patient factors.

Correcting for Fat Mass Improves DXA Quantification of Quadriceps Specific Strength in Obese Adults Aged 50–59 Years

Segal, Neil A.; Glass, Natalie A.; Baker, Jennifer L.; Torner, James C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is widely used for bone mineral density and body composition assessments. However, DXA is known to overestimate muscle mass in obese adults. We used single-slice CT (ssCT) to derive a correction factor to enhance accuracy of DXA estimation of specific strength (strength per unit muscle). One hundred and sixty-two adults (age: 55.0 ± 2.7 yr, range: 50–59) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study and divided into groups based on body mass index (BMI: < 30, 30–35, and ≥35). BMI groups did not differ in age, knee extensor strength (KES), thigh lean mass by DXA, or quadriceps cross-sectional area (CSA) by ssCT. Specific strength (KES/CSA) correlated with an uncorrected estimate of DXA–specific strength (r = 0.82, 0.53, 0.84 and 0.74, 0.59, 0.57, p < 0.001) in the lowest to highest BMI groups in men and women, respectively. Stronger correlations were achieved through correcting for BMI, age, and sex in estimating DXA—specific strength (r = 0.81, 0.79, and 0.96 in the lowest to highest BMI groups in men and 0.94, 0.81, 0.85 in women, p < 0.0001). Quantification of knee extensor—specific strength by DXA in men with BMI >30 and all BMI groups in women greatly improved using a correction factor for DXA estimates of thigh lean mass.

Whole-Body versus Local DXA-Scan for the Diagnosis of Osteoporosis in COPD Patients

Graat-Verboom, Lidwien; Spruit, Martijn A.; van den Borne, Ben E. E. M.; Smeenk, Frank W. J. M.; Wouters, Emiel F. M.
Fonte: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research Publicador: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/02/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.58%
Background. Osteoporosis is an extrapulmonary effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Diagnosis of osteoporosis is based on BMD measured by DXA-scan. The best location for BMD measurement in COPD has not been determined. Aim of this study was to assess whole-body BMD and BMD of the hip and lumbar spine (local DXA) in COPD patients and compare the prevalence of osteoporosis at these locations. Methods. Whole body as well as local DXA-scan were made in 168 COPD patients entering pulmonary rehabilitation. Patient-relevant characteristics were assessed. Prevalence of osteoporosis was determined. Characteristics of patients without osteoporosis were compared to patients with osteoporosis on local DXA. Results. A higher prevalence of osteoporosis was found using local DXA compared to whole-body DXA (39% versus 21%). One quarter of patients without osteoporosis on whole body-DXA did have osteoporosis on local DXA. Significant differences in patient characteristics between patients without osteoporosis based on both DXA measurements and patients with osteoporosis based on local DXA only were found. Conclusions. DXA of the hip and lumbar spine should be made to assess bone mineral density in COPD patients. The lowest T-score of these locations should be used to diagnose osteoporosis.

Association between Abdominal Fat (DXA) and Its Subcomponents (CT Scan) before and after Weight Loss in Obese Postmenopausal Women: A MONET Study

Doyon, Caroline Y.; Brochu, Martin; Messier, Virginie; Lavoie, Marie-Ève; Faraj, May; Doucet, Éric; Rabasa-Lhoret, Rémi; Dionne, Isabelle J.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Introduction. Subcutaneous fat (ScF) and visceral fat (VF) measurements using CT scan are expensive and may imply significant radiation doses. Cross-sectional studies using CT scan showed that ScF and VF are significantly correlated with abdominal fat measured by DXA (AF-DXA). The association has not been studied after a weight loss. Objective. To determine (1) the associations between AF-DXA and ScF and VF before and after weight loss and (2) the associations between their changes. Methods. 137 overweight/obese postmenopausal women were divided in two groups (1-caloric restriction or 2-caloric restriction + resistance training). AF was assessed using DXA and CT scan. Results. Correlations between AF-DXA and ScF (before: r = 0.87, after; r = 0.87; P < .01) and, AF-DXA and VF (before: r = 0.61, after; r = 0.69; P < .01) are not different before and after the weight loss. Correlations between delta AF-DXA and delta ScF (r = 0.72; P < .01) or delta VF (r = 0.51; P < .01) were found. Conclusion. The use of AF-DXA as a surrogate for VF after weight loss is questionable, but may be interesting for ScF.

Comparison of DXA and CT in the Assessment of Body Composition in Premenopausal Women With Obesity and Anorexia Nervosa

Bredella, Miriam A.; Ghomi, Reza Hosseini; Thomas, Bijoy J.; Torriani, Martin; Brick, Danielle J.; Gerweck, Anu V.; Misra, Madhusmita; Klibanski, Anne; Miller, Karen K.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Accurate methods for assessing body composition in subjects with obesity and anorexia nervosa (AN) are important for determination of metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors and to monitor therapeutic interventions. The purpose of our study was to assess the accuracy of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for measuring abdominal and thigh fat, and thigh muscle mass in premenopausal women with obesity, AN, and normal weight compared to computed tomography (CT). In addition, we wanted to assess the impact of hydration on DXA-derived measures of body composition by using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). We studied a total of 91 premenopausal women (34 obese, 39 with AN, and 18 lean controls). Our results demonstrate strong correlations between DXA- and CT-derived body composition measurements in AN, obese, and lean controls (r = 0.77–0.95, P < 0.0001). After controlling for total body water (TBW), the correlation coefficients were comparable. DXA trunk fat correlated with CT visceral fat (r = 0.51–0.70, P < 0.0001). DXA underestimated trunk and thigh fat and overestimated thigh muscle mass and this error increased with increasing weight. Our study showed that DXA is a useful method for assessing body composition in premenopausal women within the phenotypic spectrum ranging from obesity to AN. However...

Body Fat Mass Assessment: A Comparison between an Ultrasound-Based Device and a Discovery A Model of DXA

Pineau, Jean-Claude; Lalys, Loïc; Pellegrini, Massimo; Battistini, Nino Carlo
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.53%
Objective. To examine measurement of body composition by ultrasound compared with a reference technique:dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). We evaluated the accuracy of a portable ultrasound-based device in estimating total body fat mass with those assessed by DXA in adult. Methods. Body fat mass has been estimated using a portable ultrasound-based device in comparison with a contemporary reference DXA apparatus: the Hologic Discovery A. Anthropometric data has been assessed in order to maximize the output of the software associated with the ultrasound-based device. A cross-validation between ultrasound technique (US) and DXA was developed in this study. Total body fat mass estimated by ultrasound was compared with this DXA model in a sample of 83 women and 41 men. Results. Ultrasound technique (US) of body fat (BF) was better correlated with DXA in both women (r2 = 0.97, P < 0.01) and men (r2 = 0.92, P < 0.01) with standard errors of estimates (SEE) being 2.1 kg and 2.2 kg, respectively. Conclusion. The use of a portable device based on a US produced a very accurate BF estimate in relation to DXA reference technique. As DXA absorptiometry techniques are not interchangeable, the use of our ultrasound-based device needs to be recalibrated on a more contemporary DXA.

CTXA Hip—An Extension of Classical DXA Measurements Using Quantitative CT

Cann, Christopher E.; Adams, Judith E.; Brown, J. Keenan; Brett, Alan D.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Bone mineral density (BMD) estimates for the proximal femur using Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) are currently considered the standard for making a diagnosis of osteoporosis in an individual patient using BMD alone. We have compared BMD results from a commercial Quantitative CT (QCT) BMD analysis system, “CTXA Hip”, which provides clinical data for the proximal femur, to results from DXA. We have also used CTXA Hip to determine cortical and trabecular contributions to total BMD. Sixty-nine patients were scanned using 3D QCT and DXA. CTXA Hip BMD measurements for Total Hip and Femoral Neck were compared to DXA results. Twenty-two women were scanned at 0,1,2 years and CTXA Hip and DXA results analyzed for long-term reproducibility. Long-term reproducibility calculated as root-mean-square averages of SDs in vivo was 0.012 g/cm2 (CV = 1.8%) for CTXA Total Hip and 0.011 g/cm2 (CV = 2.0%) for CTXA Femoral Neck compared to 0.014 g/cm2 (CV = 2.0%) and 0.016 g/cm2 (CV = 2.7%), respectively, for DXA. The correlation of Total Hip BMD CTXA vs. DXA was R = 0.97 and for Femoral Neck was R = 0.95 (SEE 0.044 g/cm2 in both cases). Cortical bone comprised 62±5% (mean ± SD) of total hipbone mass in osteoporotic women. CTXA Hip provides substantially the same clinical information as conventional DXA and in addition provides estimates of BMD in separate cortical and trabecular bone compartments...

Correlations among adiposity measures in school-aged children

Boeke, Caroline E; Oken, Emily; Kleinman, Ken P; Rifas-Shiman, Sheryl L; Taveras, Elsie M; Gillman, Matthew W
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.53%
Background: Given that it is not feasible to use dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or other reference methods to measure adiposity in all pediatric clinical and research settings, it is important to identify reasonable alternatives. Therefore, we sought to determine the extent to which other adiposity measures were correlated with DXA fat mass in school-aged children. Methods: In 1110 children aged 6.5-10.9 years in the pre-birth cohort Project Viva, we calculated Spearman correlation coefficients between DXA (n=875) and other adiposity measures including body mass index (BMI), skinfold thickness, circumferences, and bioimpedance. We also computed correlations between lean body mass measures. Results: 50.0% of the children were female and 36.5% were non-white. Mean (SD) BMI was 17.2 (3.1) and total fat mass by DXA was 7.5 (3.9) kg. DXA total fat mass was highly correlated with BMI (rs=0.83), bioimpedance total fat (rs=0.87), and sum of skinfolds (rs=0.90), and DXA trunk fat was highly correlated with waist circumference (rs=0.79). Correlations of BMI with other adiposity indices were high, e.g., with waist circumference (rs=0.86) and sum of subscapular plus triceps skinfolds (rs=0.79). DXA fat-free mass and bioimpedance fat-free mass were highly correlated (rs=0.94). Conclusions: In school-aged children...

Estudo comparativo da antropometria e do DXA: uma nova equação de predição para avaliação da gordura centralizada em homens adultos jovens

Maria de Carvalho Albuquerque Melo, Ana; de Arruda Câmara e Siqueira Campos, Florisbela (Orientador)
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
Tipo: Outros
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
A obesidade é uma excessiva acumulação de energia sob a forma de gordura corporal com prejuízos à saúde. O aumento da prevalência de obesidade em diferentes populações leva a acreditar que esta condição clínica caminha para ser a mais importante causa de doença crônica no mundo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de avaliar a importância da obesidade em especial a central e seus fatores de risco à saúde em homens adultos jovens por meio de revisão da literatura, bem como, realizar um estudo comparativo entre duas técnicas de avalição da composição corporal: a Antropometria e o Dual Energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). O delineamento do estudo foi do tipo transversal com seleção aleatória. Participaram 45 indivíduos com idades entre 20 e 30 anos, distribuídos em três grupos segundo o Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC), nas categorias peso normal, pré-obeso e obeso I. O referido estudo originou uma nova equação de predição para a gordura centralizada utilizando o perímetro abdominal (Pab) e a gordura do tronco medida pelo DXA em homens adultos jovens, permitindo ainda classificar os referidos indivíduos em risco à saúde de acordo com o Z-score usando a quantidade de gordura estimada pela referida equação

Novel assessment of subregional bone mineral density using DXA and pQCT, and subregional microarchitecture using micro-CT in whole human vertebrae: Applications, methods, and correspondence between technologies

Briggs, A.; Perilli, E.; Parkinson, I.; Wrigley, T.; Fazzalari, N.; Kantor, S.; Wark, J.
Fonte: Humana Press Inc Publicador: Humana Press Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
In the clinical environment dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the current tool of first choice for assessing and monitoring skeletal integrity. A major drawback of standard DXA is that the bone mineral density (BMD) data cannot be used with certainty to predict who will sustain a vertebral fracture. However, measurement of BMD within vertebral subregions, instead of relying on a gross estimate of vertebral BMD, may improve diagnostic sensitivity. The aim of this article was to describe a validation study for subregional BMD measurement using lateral-projection DXA and to present preliminary data. Concurrent validity of measuring subregional BMD with DXA was established against measures of volumetric subregional BMD from peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and subregional bone volume fraction from microCT at the L2 vertebral body in 8 cadaver spine specimens. The novel approaches for measuring subregional parameters with each imaging modality are described. Significant differences in bone parameters between vertebral subregions were observed for each imaging modality (p<0.05). Correspondence ranged from R(2)=0.01-0.79 and R(2)=0.06-0.80 between "DXA vs. pQCT" and "DXA vs. micro-CT," respectively. For both imaging modalities...

Measurement of subregional vertebral bone mineral density in vitro using lateral projection dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: Validation with peripheral quantitative computed tomography

Briggs, A.; Perilli, E.; Parkinson, I.; Kantor, S.; Wrigley, T.; Fazzalari, N.; Wark, J.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Tokyo Publicador: Springer-Verlag Tokyo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Although a strong relationship exists between areal bone mineral density (aBMD) derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and bone strength, the predictive validity of aBMD for osteoporotic vertebral fractures remains suboptimal. The diagnostic sensitivity of DXA may be improved by assessing aBMD within vertebral subregions, rather than relying on an estimate derived from the total area of the vertebra. The objective of this study was to validate a method of measuring subregional vertebral aBMD in vitro using lateral-projection DXA against subregional volumetric BMD (vBMD) measured with peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). A mixed set of 49 lumbar and thoracic vertebrae from 25 donors were scanned using lateral-projection DXA and pQCT. aBMD and apparent vBMD were measured in 7 vertebral regions (1 total area and 6 subregions) from the lateral DXA scan. vBMD was calculated in anatomically equivalent regions from pQCT scan data, using a customised software program designed to increase efficiency of the analysis process. Significant differences in densitometric parameters between subregions were observed by DXA and pQCT (P < 0.01). Subregional vBMD derived from pQCT was explained by a significant proportion of the variance in DXA-derived aBMD (R (2) = 0.51-0.67...

Failure strength of human vertebrae: prediction using bone mineral density measured by DXA and bone volume by micro-CT

Perilli, E.; Briggs, A.; Kantor, S.; Codrington, J.; Wark, J.; Parkinson, I.; Fazzalari, N.
Fonte: Elsevier Science Inc Publicador: Elsevier Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.59%
Significant relationships exist between areal bone mineral density (BMD) derived from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and bone strength. However, the predictive validity of BMD for osteoporotic vertebral fractures remains suboptimal. The diagnostic sensitivity of DXA in the lumbar spine may be improved by assessing BMD from lateral-projection scans, as these might better approximate the objective of measuring the trabecular-rich bone in the vertebral body, compared to the commonly-used posterior-anterior (PA) projections. Nowadays, X-ray micro-computed tomography (μCT) allows non-destructive three-dimensional structural characterization of entire bone segments at high resolution. In this study, human lumbar cadaver spines were examined ex situ by DXA in lateral and PA projections, as well as by μCT, with the aims (1) to investigate the ability of bone quantity measurements obtained by DXA in the lateral projection and in the PA projection, to predict variations in bone quantity measurements obtained by μCT, and (2) to assess their respective capabilities to predict whole vertebral body strength, determined experimentally. Human cadaver spines were scanned by DXA in PA projections and lateral projections. Bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD for L2 and L3 vertebrae were determined. The L2 and L3 vertebrae were then dissected and entirely scanned by μCT. Total bone volume (BV(tot)=cortical+trabecular)...

Subregional DXA-derived vertebral bone mineral measures are stronger predictors of failure load in specimens with lower areal bone mineral density, compared to those with higher areal bone mineral density

Briggs, A.M.; Perilli, E.; Codrington, J.; Reynolds, K.J.; Parkinson, I.H.; Wark, J.D.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.28%
Measurement of areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in intravertebral subregions may increase the diagnostic sensitivity of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived parameters for vertebral fragility. This study investigated whether DXA-derived bone parameters in vertebral subregions were better predictors of vertebral bone strength in specimens with low aBMD, compared to those with higher aBMD. Twenty-five lumbar vertebrae (15 embalmed and 10 fresh-frozen) were scanned with posteroanterior- (PA) and lateral-projection DXA, and then mechanically tested in compression to ultimate failure. Whole-vertebral aBMD and bone mineral content (BMC) were measured from the PA- and lateral-projection scans and within 6 intravertebral subregions. Multivariate regression was used to predict ultimate failure load by BMC, adjusted for vertebral size and specimen fixation status across the whole specimen set, and when subgrouped into specimens with low aBMD and high aBMD. Adjusted BMC explained a substantial proportion of variance in ultimate vertebral load, when measured over the whole vertebral area in lateral projection (adjusted R (2) 0.84) and across the six subregions (ROIs 2-7) (adjusted R (2) range 0.58-0.78). The association between adjusted BMC...

Composición corporal en niños preescolares: comparación entre métodos antropométricos simples, bioimpedancia y absorciometría de doble haz de rayos X

Rodríguez,Patricia N; Bermúdez,Enrique F; Rodríguez,Gabriela S; Spina,María A; Zeni,Susana N; Friedman,Silvia M; Exeni,Ramón A
Fonte: Archivos argentinos de pediatría Publicador: Archivos argentinos de pediatría
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2008 ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Objetivo. Comparar la composición corporal estimada por dos métodos antropométricos simples y por impedanciometría (BIA, por sus siglas en inglés) y absorciometría de doble haz de rayos X (DXA, por sus siglas en inglés) y estudiar las correlaciones existentes entre ellos, en una población preescolar de Argentina. Población, material y métodos. Se estudió transversalmente una población clínicamente sana, de edad comprendida entre 4 y 6 años, de 230 niños (118 varones y 112 niñas), que concurrían a Jardines Integrales de La Matanza, Argentina. Se determinó el índice de masa corporal (IMC), la circunferencia de cintura (Cci) y el contenido de grasa corporal, expresado como porcentaje, por BIA (Maltron BF- 900) y por DXA (densitómetro Lunar DPX-L, software pediátrico). Resultados. En IMC y Cci no se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre ambos sexos, pero sí en el porcentaje de grasa corporal por BIA o DXA. La correlación entre BIA y ambos métodos antropométricos fue moderada (r de Pearson= 0,43-0,53), al igual que entre DXA y Cci (r= 0,66), mientras que las demás correlaciones fueron fuertes (r= 0,71-0,83). Las medidas obtenidas por BIA y DXA no concordaron (prueba de Bland Altman); sin embargo...

A comparison of dual energy X- ray absorptiometry and two bioelectrical impedance analyzers to measure body fat percentage and fat-free mass index in a group of Mexican young women

Velazquez-Alva,Maria del Consuelo; Irigoyen-Camacho,Maria Esther; Huerta-Huerta,Raquel; Delgadillo-Velazquez,Jaime
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.5%
Introduction: Studies of obesity require the estimation of fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM); therefore it is important to validate methods that evaluate these measurements. Objective: We sought to compare two different bioelectrical impedance analysis systems (BIAs) to estimate FM and FFM using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as reference. Methods: We used a cross-sectional design. We evaluated FM and FFM using DXA and two types of BIA equipment: a foot-foot system (FFS) and a hand-footsystem (HFS). We conducted paired analysis (paired t-test). We used Bland-Altman plots to assess the relationships between FM and FFMI, limits of agreement were constructed (CL). Results: A total of 175 female students (22.9 ± 2.2 years-old) participated in the study. The paired analysis showed significant differences between the mean value of body fat percentage (BF%) estimated by BIA equipment compared to DXA (FFS = 28.7%, HFS= 34.4% and DXA= 35.3%). The mean difference between the HFS and DXA of BF% was -0.96, ((CL -5.29, 7.20). For the FFS, the mean difference was -6.69, (CL -0.29, -13.09). The paired analysis revealed significant differences between the estimates of FFMI by BIA compared to DXA (FFS =16.29, HFS =14.95, DXA =14.18). The mean difference between HFS and DXA was 0.78...

Accuracy of obesity diagnosis in Brazilian adolescents: comparison of Cole et al and Must et al criteria with DXA percentage of fat mass

Oliveira,F. L. C.; Taddei,J. A. A. C.; Escrivão,M.ª A. M. S.; Cobayashi,F.; Barros,M.ª E.; Vítolo,M. R.; Colugnati,F. A. B.; Ancona-López,F.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2006 ENG
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37.18%
Objectives: to assess the accuracy of the two most used anthropometric criteria: Must and Cole to diagnose obesity in adolescence comparing with percentage of fat mass determined by DXA. Methodology: cross-sectional study with 418 adolescents (52.4% males) attending a private school in São Paulo/Brazil. Anthropometric measures of height and weight were taken and BMI was calculated. Analysis of body composition was performed using the DXA to detect percentage of fat mass. Using the method proposed by Ellis & Wong (ERM) two sex-specific linear regression models of fat percentage for age in years were fitted. The comparison between the methods was carried out through the analyses of specificity and sensitivity with two residual percentiles as cutoff points (ERM85th and ERM95th) as standards. A logistic model was fitted to estimate the probability curves of obesity classification. Results: the comparison of the two classic criteria for the diagnosis of obesity with the ERM85th and ERM 95th, yields for females the same sensitivities of 0.50 and 0.20 for both criteria. For males sensitivities for ERM 85th were 0.61(Must) and 0.49 (Cole); while for ERM95th the sensitivities were 0.81 (Must) and 0.64 (Cole). Therefore, there are high probabilities that those criteria diagnose adolescents as obese...

Estimación de la masa grasa por DXA y el modelo de cuatro compartimentos en púberes mexicanos de 9 a 14 años

Ramírez,Erik; Valencia,Mauro E; Moya Camarena,Silvia Y; Alemán-Mateo,Heliodoro; Méndez,Rosa O
Fonte: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición Publicador: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2010 ES
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37.5%
Se evaluó la precisión y exactitud en la estimación de la grasa corporal (%) por absorciometría dual de rayos X (DXA Lunar-DPX-MD) comparado con el modelo de cuatro compartimentos (4C) en 32 púberes (F=16) de 9 a 14 años. El sesgo entre la DXA y el modelo de 4C fue de -3.5% de grasa (r=0.25; p=0.171) con un intervalo de confianza de -1.9 a -5.1 (p=0.050). Los límites de concordancia al 95% fueron de +5% a -12% de grasa. El coeficiente de correlación de concordancia fue de pc=0.85. La prueba de exactitud por análisis de regresión mostró que el intercepto y la pendiente de las estimaciones de grasa corporal por DXA fueron diferentes al modelo de 4C (p>0.05). La precisión evaluada con el valor de R2 mostró que la DXA explicó el 83% de la varianza de la grasa corporal por el modelo de 4C con un error de 4.1%. El error total como medida de exactitud fue de 5.6%. La exactitud grupal evaluada por análisis de varianza no mostró interacción entre el método (DXA-4C) y el análisis por separado del sexo, el estado puberal y la presencia de sobrepeso. No obstante, hubo efecto del método (p=0.043) en presencia de sobrepeso (p<0.001). En conclusión, los resultados muestran que el uso de la DXA comparado con el modelo de 4C no es equivalente en púberes mexicanos. Sin embargo...