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Efeito de tratamentos pré e pós-colheita na qualidade de rosas de corte; Effect of pre and postharvest treatments in quality of cut rose

Geerdink, Gabriela Maria
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/06/2012 PT
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O objetivo do trabalho foi o desenvolvimento de tecnologias para melhoria da qualidade e vida de vaso em rosas (Rosa hybrida.) Vega. Os tratamentos précolheita foram realizados com aplicação de silício (0, 200, 400 e 800 mg L-1) por meio de fertirrigação via solo e via foliar. Foram realizadas seis aplicações semanais de silicato de potássio (12% Si) em rosas Vega, distribuídas em blocos casualisados com quatro repetições, e seis avaliações pós-colheita (dias 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 e 10). Após a colheita, foram avaliados: comprimento de haste, diâmetro de haste e de pedúnculo, comprimento de botão e a massa das hastes. As flores foram armazenadas em vasos com água deionizada a 20±1°C e 65±5% UR, sendo avaliadas: variação da massa fresca, conteúdo relativo de água (CRA) de pétalas e folhas, atividade de peroxidase, abertura floral, curvatura do pedúnculo, turgescência e escurecimento de pétalas, e coloração de pétalas. A aplicação de 400 mg L-1 de silício proporcionou maior comprimento de haste, maior CRA e cromaticidade das pétalas e menor atividade de peroxidase. A aplicação foliar também apresentou maior comprimento de botão, CRA de folhas, e luminosidade de pétalas, e a aplicação via solo também apresentou maior diâmetro de haste...

Manejo da fertirrigação no cultivo de roseiras em ambiente protegido; Fertigation management in rose crop under a protected environment

Lima, Carlos José Gonçalves de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2013 PT
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A produção de rosas em ambiente protegido sob fertirrigação é uma técnica bastante utilizada pelos produtores e vem se expandindo consideravelmente, principalmente no Estado de São Paulo; cultivo este antes restrito a região Sudeste, hoje se encontra em todas as regiões do País. O manejo adequado da irrigação associado à fertirrigação nitrogenada é um fator relevante nos parâmetros de produtividade e de qualidade das rosas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a produtividade e a qualidade das hastes florais na cultura da roseira, variedade Samourai® Meikatana, submetida a diferentes níveis de depleção da água no solo e doses de nitrogênio aplicadas via fertirrigação sob cultivo em ambiente protegido. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental do Departamento de Engenharia Biossistemas da Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", em Piracicaba, SP. O delineamento estatístico foi em blocos casualizados, em esquema fatorial 4 x 4, totalizando 16 tratamentos, com 4 repetições, sendo a unidade experimental representada por uma parcela com dimensões de 0,4 x 0,5 x 2,0 m. Os tratamentos foram compostos pela combinação de quatro doses de nitrogênio (N1 = 5, N2 = 10, N3 = 15 e N4 = 20 g planta-1 ano-1) e quatro níveis de depleção da água no solo (F1 = 0...

Oclusão vascular na pós-colheita de rosas e gérberas de corte; Postharvest vascular occlusion of cut roses and gerberas

Antes, Rose Beatriz
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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A qualidade pós-colheita de flores de corte é muito importante, pois a curta vida em vaso é uma das maiores razões da insatisfação dos consumidores. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram visualizar e comprovar através de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) os bloqueios dos vasos do xilema causados pelo crescimento de bactérias e sua relação com a condutância hidráulica. Além de estudar a eficiência de conservantes florais e da adição de sacarose sobre a vida em vaso e qualidade pós-colheita de rosas (Rosa hybrida L.) cv. Vegas e de gérberas (Gerbera jamensonii) cv. Patrizia. Os experimentos foram conduzidos em delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado com quatro repetições e unidade experimental com cinco ou seis hastes. Os tratamentos utilizados foram: adição de duas bactérias (IB1 e IB2); Flower® a 0,75%, 1% e 1,5%, 50 ppm de Tecsaclor®, 1% Floralife®; 50 ppm de Tecsaclor® + 2% sacarose. Foram avaliadas as variáveis: unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC/mL), condutância hidráulica, pH, peso fresco relativo, absorção de solução e vida em vaso. A adição de bactérias às soluções de manutenção é mais eficiente em reduzir a vida em vaso de gérberas do que de rosas. Ocorre movimentação das bactérias no interior dos vasos do xilema...

Postharvest water relations in cut rose cultivars with contrasting sensitivity to high relative air humidity during growth

Fanourakis, Dimitrios; Carvalho, Susana M.P.; Almeida, Domingos P.F.; Kooten, Olaf van; Doorn, Wouter G. van; Heuvelink, Ep
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 ENG
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A constant highrelativeairhumidity (RH) during cultivation can strongly reduce the vase life in some cutrosecultivars. We studied three contrastingcultivars in their tolerance to high RH in order to analyse in detail the waterrelations during postharvest and better understand this genotypic variation. Plants were grown at moderate (60%) and high (95%) RH, and cut flowers were placed in water immediately after cutting. Flowers of cv. Pink Prophyta grown at high RH did not open throughout vase life, while flower opening of cvs. Frisco and Dream was not affected by preharvest RH. Cultivation at high RH resulted in about 80% shorter vase life in Pink Prophyta, whereas in Dream and Frisco the negative effect was considerably smaller (15 and 9% shorter vase life, respectively). The shorter vase life and reduced flower opening of cutroses grown at high RH was due to a higher rate of transpiration both in the light and dark periods. It was found that the leaves of Pink Prophyta grown at high RH could partly close their stomata upon lowering of the water potential or when flower stalks were fed with abscisic acid, but stomata remained far more open than in leaves grown at moderate RH. The RH during cultivation did not affect stem hydraulic conductivity and its recovery after air emboli induction. Preventing vascular occlusion largely alleviated the high-cultivation-RH effect on vase life and flower opening...

Gray mold severity and vase life of rose buds after pulsing with citric acid, salicylic acid, calcium sulfate, sucrose and silver thiosulfate

Capdeville,Guy de; Maffia,Luiz A.; Finger,Fernando L.; Batista,Ulisses G.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Fitopatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Fitopatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2003 EN
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Gray mold of roses (Rosa hibrida) caused by Botrytis cinerea requires many management strategies for its control. The effect of pulsing rose cv. Kiss with solutions of citric acid, salicylic acid, sucrose, calcium sulfate, and silver thiosulfate (STS) on disease severity and vase life of the flowers was evaluated. The solutions were applied to cut stems at different stages of harvest, the variation in the opening stage of harvest did not affect the results. Pulsing with STS reduced the values of area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) and of severity of disease by 15% and 55%, respectively, and increased the vase life of the flowers by 20%. Calcium sulfate consistently reduced AUDPC by 66% and maximum severity by 88%, and increased vase life of the flowers by 37%. Therefore, pulsing rose buds with solutions of STS and calcium sulfate is potentially useful in reducing losses due to gray mold after harvest and in extending the vase life.

Evapotranspiration of rose cultivated in protected environment

Oliveira,Eduardo C.; Carvalho,Jacinto de A.; Almeida,Elka F. A.; Rezende,Fátima C.; Santos,Bethania G. Dos; Mimura,Sônia N.
Fonte: Departamento de Engenharia Agrícola - UFCG Publicador: Departamento de Engenharia Agrícola - UFCG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
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The objective of this study was to determine the evapotranspiration and crop coefficient for the cut rose (cv. Carola) cultivated in protected environment and the coefficient of small tank installed inside the greenhouse during the period of one year. Five rows of plants were planted with spacing of 1.20 m between rows and 0.20 m between plants. Each line consisted of five plots with five plants per plot. Plants of the second and fourth rows and of the second and fourth plots were installed in four drainage lysimeters with dimensions of 1.20 x 1.20 x 0.80 m. The plants of the remaining plots were considered as border plants. A drip irrigation system was used. An automatic weather station was installed in the greenhouse and the data were collected and stored daily at an interval of one hour in a data-logger. The crop coefficient (Kc) showed mean values of 0.75 in the vegetative phase and 1.18 during the productive phase. The small pan (tank) coefficient (Ktr) was 0.72.

Changes in the Physical State of Membrane Lipids during Senescence of Rose Petals 1

Faragher, John D.; Wachtel, Ellen; Mayak, Shimon
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1987 EN
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Changes in the physical state of microsomal membrane lipids during senescence of rose flower petals (Rosa hyb. L. cv Mercedes) were measured by x-ray diffraction analysis. During senescence of cut flowers held at 22°C, lipid in the ordered, gel phase appeared in the otherwise disordered, liquid-crystalline phase lipids of the membranes. This was due to an increase in the phase transition temperature of the lipids. The proportion of gel phase in the membrane lipids of 2-day-old flowers was estimated as about 20% at 22°C. Ethylene may be responsible, at least in part, for the increase in lipid transition temperature during senescence since aminooxyacetic acid and silver thiosulfate inhibited the rise in transition temperature. When flowers were stored at 3°C for 10 to 17 days and then transferrd to 22°C, gel phase lipid appeared in membranes earlier than in freshly cut flowers. This advanced senescence was the result of aging at 3°C, indicated by increases in membrane lipid transition temperature and ethylene production rate during the time at 3°C. It is concluded that changes in the physical state of membrane lipids are an integral part of senescence of rose petals, that they are caused, at least in part, by ethylene action and that they are responsible...

Age-Related Changes in Petal Membranes from Attached and Detached Rose Flowers

Itzhaki, Hannan; Borochov, Amihud; Mayak, Shimon
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1990 EN
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Changes in petal membrane properties during aging were studied in cut and in attached rose flowers (Rosa hybrida L., cv Mercedes). Both cut and attached flowers exhibited a growth phase characterized by an increase in fresh weight and an accumulation of membrane components. The growth phase, which was more pronounced in the attached than in the cut flowers, was followed by a senescence phase, characterized by a decrease in fresh weight and a decline in membrane components. In cut flowers, both the growth and the senescence phases were accompanied by a decrease in membrane fluidity and in the ratio of unsaturated to saturated fatty acids, but the ratio of sterol to phospholipid increased. In attached flowers, while both the membrane fluidity and the sterol-to-phospholipid ratio remained unchanged during the growth phase, the senescence phase was accompanied (as in cut flowers) by a decrease in membrane fluidity and an increase in the sterol-to-phospholipid ratio. Unlike in cut flowers, however, the age-related changes in the ratio of unsaturation of fatty acids were not correlated with those of fluidity. Changes in the saturation of phospholipid acyl chains are commonly thought to influence membrane fluidity. Our observations question this view and suggest instead that the ratio of sterol to phospholipid may play the major role in maintaining membrane lipid fluidity.

Expression of ethylene biosynthetic and receptor genes in rose floral tissues during ethylene-enhanced flower opening

Xue, Jingqi; Li, Yunhui; Tan, Hui; Yang, Feng; Ma, Nan; Gao, Junping
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2008 EN
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Ethylene production, as well as the expression of ethylene biosynthetic (Rh-ACS1–4 and Rh-ACO1) and receptor (Rh-ETR1–5) genes, was determined in five different floral tissues (sepals, petals, stamens, gynoecia, and receptacles) of cut rose (Rosa hybrida cv. Samantha upon treatment with ethylene or the ethylene inhibitor 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP). Ethylene-enhanced ethylene production occurred only in gynoecia, petals, and receptacles, with gynoecia showing the greatest enhancement in the early stage of ethylene treatment. However, 1-MCP did not suppress ethylene production in these three tissues. In sepals, ethylene production was highly decreased by ethylene treatment, and increased dramatically by 1-MCP. Ethylene production in stamens remained unchanged after ethylene or 1-MCP treatment. Induction of certain ethylene biosynthetic genes by ethylene in different floral tissues was positively correlated with the ethylene production, and this induction was also not suppressed by 1-MCP. The expression of Rh-ACS2 and Rh-ACS3 was quickly induced by ethylene in gynoecia, but neither Rh-ACS1 nor Rh-ACS4 was induced by ethylene in any of the five tissues. In addition, Rh-ACO1 was induced by ethylene in all floral tissues except sepals. The induced expression of ethylene receptor genes by ethylene was much faster in gynoecia than in petals...

An Autotetraploid Linkage Map of Rose (Rosa hybrida) Validated Using the Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) Genome Sequence

Gar, Oron; Sargent, Daniel J.; Tsai, Ching-Jung; Pleban, Tzili; Shalev, Gil; Byrne, David H.; Zamir, Dani
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/05/2011 EN
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Polyploidy is a pivotal process in plant evolution as it increase gene redundancy and morphological intricacy but due to the complexity of polysomic inheritance we have only few genetic maps of autopolyploid organisms. A robust mapping framework is particularly important in polyploid crop species, rose included (2n = 4x = 28), where the objective is to study multiallelic interactions that control traits of value for plant breeding. From a cross between the garden, peach red and fragrant cultivar Fragrant Cloud (FC) and a cut-rose yellow cultivar Golden Gate (GG), we generated an autotetraploid GGFC mapping population consisting of 132 individuals. For the map we used 128 sequence-based markers, 141 AFLP, 86 SSR and three morphological markers. Seven linkage groups were resolved for FC (Total 632 cM) and GG (616 cM) which were validated by markers that segregated in both parents as well as the diploid integrated consensus map.

The mode of inheritance in tetraploid cut roses

Koning-Boucoiran, C. F. S.; Gitonga, V. W.; Yan, Z.; Dolstra, O.; van der Linden, C. G.; van der Schoot, J.; Uenk, G. E.; Verlinden, K.; Smulders, M. J. M.; Krens, F. A.; Maliepaard, C.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Tetraploid hybrid tea roses (Rosa hybrida) represent most of the commercial cultivars of cut roses and form the basis for breeding programmes. Due to intensive interspecific hybridizations, modern cut roses are complex tetraploids for which the mode of inheritance is not exactly known. The segregation patterns of molecular markers in a tetraploid mapping population of 184 genotypes, an F1 progeny from a cross of two heterozygous parents, were investigated for disomic and tetrasomic inheritance. The possible occurrence of double reduction was studied as well. We can exclude disomic inheritance, but while our observations are more in line with a tetrasomic inheritance, we cannot exclude that there is a mixture of both inheritance modes. Two novel parental tetraploid linkage maps were constructed using markers known from literature, combined with newly generated markers. Comparison with the integrated consensus diploid map (ICM) of Spiller et al. (Theor Appl Genet 122:489–500, 2010) allowed assigning numbers to each of the linkage groups of both maps and including small linkage groups. So far, the possibility of using marker-assisted selection in breeding of tetraploid cut roses and of other species with a tetrasomic or partly tetrasomic inheritance...

RhNAC2 and RhEXPA4 Are Involved in the Regulation of Dehydration Tolerance during the Expansion of Rose Petals1[C][W][OA]

Dai, Fanwei; Zhang, Changqing; Jiang, Xinqiang; Kang, Mei; Yin, Xia; Lü, Peitao; Zhang, Xiao; Zheng, Yi; Gao, Junping
Fonte: American Society of Plant Biologists Publicador: American Society of Plant Biologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Dehydration inhibits petal expansion resulting in abnormal flower opening and results in quality loss during the marketing of cut flowers. We constructed a suppression subtractive hybridization library from rose (Rosa hybrida) flowers containing 3,513 unique expressed sequence tags and analyzed their expression profiles during cycles of dehydration. We found that 54 genes were up-regulated by the first dehydration, restored or even down-regulated by rehydration, and once again up-regulated by the second dehydration. Among them, we identified a putative NAC family transcription factor (RhNAC2). With transactivation activity of its carboxyl-terminal domain in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) cell and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) protoplast, RhNAC2 belongs to the NAC transcription factor clade related to plant development in Arabidopsis. A putative expansin gene named RhEXPA4 was also dramatically up-regulated by dehydration. Silencing RhNAC2 or RhEXPA4 in rose petals by virus-induced gene silencing significantly decreased the recovery of intact petals and petal discs during rehydration. Overexpression of RhNAC2 or RhEXPA4 in Arabidopsis conferred strong drought tolerance in the transgenic plants. RhEXPA4 expression was repressed in RhNAC2-silenced rose petals...

An organ-specific role for ethylene in rose petal expansion during dehydration and rehydration

Liu, Daofeng; Liu, Xiaojing; Meng, Yonglu; Sun, Cuihui; Tang, Hongshu; Jiang, Yudong; Khan, Muhammad Ali; Xue, Jingqi; Ma, Nan; Gao, Junping
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Dehydration is a major factor resulting in huge loss from cut flowers during transportation. In the present study, dehydration inhibited petal cell expansion and resulted in irregular flowers in cut roses, mimicking ethylene-treated flowers. Among the five floral organs, dehydration substantially elevated ethylene production in the sepals, whilst rehydration caused rapid and elevated ethylene levels in the gynoecia and sepals. Among the five ethylene biosynthetic enzyme genes (RhACS1–5), expression of RhACS1 and RhACS2 was induced by dehydration and rehydration in the two floral organs. Silencing both RhACS1 and RhACS2 significantly suppressed dehydration- and rehydration-induced ethylene in the sepals and gynoecia. This weakened the inhibitory effect of dehydration on petal cell expansion. β-glucuronidase activity driven by both the RhACS1 and RhACS2 promoters was dramatically induced in the sepals, pistil, and stamens, but not in the petals of transgenic Arabidopsis. This further supports the organ-specific induction of these two genes. Among the five rose ethylene receptor genes (RhETR1–5), expression of RhETR3 was predominantly induced by dehydration and rehydration in the petals. RhETR3 silencing clearly aggravated the inhibitory effect of dehydration on petal cell expansion. However...

Realistic Global Scouting for Pests and Diseases on Cut Rose Crops

Bout, Alexandre; Boll, Roger; Mailleret, Ludovic; Poncet, Christine
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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Scouting is considered an essential component of integrated pest management strategies, but most of the techniques, which involve visual assessment, remain too time-consuming for application on a commercial scale. The global scouting method proposed here for greenhouse rose (Rosa spp.) crops combines several rapid visual methods for common pests and diseases, in a single sampling process. A 2-min observation time per sampling unit is required, with two observers. The sampling unit consists of a single stem with its flower and the corresponding basal foliage. A 90-unit regular grid (1 U/6.4 m2) was used, with weekly assessments, including a spatial distribution approach, for pest monitoring. Different grid sizes were simulated and tested with reference data, to determine whether to decrease the number of sampling units. A grid size of 1 U/21 m2 was found to be acceptable, with no significant loss of information. A more realistic and cheaper sampling strategy of this type is more likely to be accepted by growers, increasing the efficiency of crop monitoring and leading to more rational decisions.

Reducing Fertilization for Cut Roses: Effect on Crop Productivity and Twospotted Spider Mite Abundance, Distribution, and Management

Chow, Andrew; Chau, Amanda; Heinz, Kevin M.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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Fertilization reduction could be a useful pest management tactic for floriculture crops if it reduced pest populations with little loss in crop yield and quality. We evaluated the response of the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), to different fertilization levels for cut roses, Rosa hybrida L. ‘Tropicana’ and quantified fertilization effects on 1) management of T. urticae on roses, 2) abundance and distribution of T. urticae on roses, and 3) yield and quality of the cut rose crop. We tested two fertilization levels, 10% (15 ppm N) and 100% (150 ppm N) of the recommended level for commercial production, and three control methods: no control measure; a predatory mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot; and a miticide, bifenazate. Combinations of both bottom up (fertilization) and top down (biological or chemical control) tactics provided a greater degree of T. urticae control than either tactic alone. Rose productivity was reduced with fertilization at 10% of the recommended level; therefore, we conducted studies with T. urticae on roses fertilized with 33% (50 ppm N), 50% (75 ppm N), and 100% (150 ppm N) of the recommended level. Mean numbers of T. urticae and T. urticae eggs per flower shoot were twice as high on roses fertilized with 100 versus 33% or 50% of the recommended level. Number of rose leaves and total leaf area infested by T. urticae were similar at all fertilization levels. Cut rose yield and marketability were not compromised on plants fertilized with 50% of the recommended level.

Produção e qualidade de botões de rosa c v. Vega cultivados sob plásticos de cobertura com diferentes anos de uso; Production and quality of floral buds for rose cv. Vega (Rosa SP.) cultivated under plastic with different years of use

MARTINS, José Luis; FAGNANI, Maria Angela; PIEDADE, Sônia Maria D'stefano
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, avaliar a produção e qualidade de botões de rosa cultivar Vega ( Rosa sp. ), cultivada sob cobertura plástica com diferentes anos de uso. Para tanto foram selecionados 15 vãos de estufas com plásticos colocados em 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003, e testemunha (sem uso anterior), com três repetições, avaliados por duas maneiras: na primeira os frutos foram colhidos através de uma poda (como procedimento do cultivo comercial); na segunda foi realizada uma poda rasa em uma área de 1 m² para poder acompanhar o crescimento da haste floral desde o início da formação até a fase de botão floral. No primeiro caso foram realizadas 4 coletas ao longo do período do experimento, nas quais foram coletadas 4 hastes florais por tratamento, totalizando 60 flores por data de coleta. No segundo caso foi avaliado o aparecimento dos botões florais dos novos brotos em quatro datas até a formação das hastes florais comerciais, e então coletadas 13 hastes florais por tratamento. Não houve diferença estatística entre os anos de uso dos plásticos de 1998, 1999, 2002 e 2003 nas variáveis: comprimento, diâmetro e comprimento dos botões florais, massa fresca e seca das pétalas, para as condições e cultivar analisados. Com isso o produtor ganha um período maior de utilização do plástico gerando um custo menor...

Rose Hall Great House before reconstruction, Saint James, Jamaica; The Bryant Slides Collection; The Bryant Slides Collection, Jamaica

Unknown ( Photographer )
Fonte: Universidade da Flórida Publicador: Universidade da Flórida
Tipo: still image Formato: 35 mm
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The slides were taken on collecting trips sponsored by the William L. Bryant Foundation, where books, music and art indigenous to the regions were gathered. The are organized by geographical location.; Rose Hall Great House in Saint James, Jamaica is an example of Caribbean Georgian architecture, was built in 1770 by John Palmer, Custos of Saint Thomas, and his wife (for whom the house is named). It eventually became the residence of their grandnephew, John Rose Palmer. In 1820, Palmer married Annie Mae Paterson. Following Annie Palmer's death, the plantation house became home to legendary story of the White Witch of Rose Hall. The Great House is built using cut stone on the first two levels and stucco on the third and uppermost level. This image was taken prior to the beginning of its reconstruction in the 1960s. Slide labeled Rose Hall.

Abscisic Acid Content of Senescing Petals on Cut Rose Flowers As Affected by Sucrose and Water Stress 1

Borohov, Amihud; Tirosh, Tsipora; Halevy, Abraham H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1976 EN
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Leafless cut Superstar roses (Rosa hyb.) were kept in a 1% sucrose solution. During the first few days of treatment, the abscisic acid content and the water deficit in the petals was higher in treated flowers than in controls kept in water. Later and up to the termination of the flower's life, ABA content and water deficit values were lower in petals of sucrose-treated flowers than in controls. Water stress treatments resulted in higher water deficit values and higher ABA content of petals. An 8-day sucrose treatment following temporary water stress improved the quality of flowers and reduced the level of ABA in the petals. We conclude that the effect which sucrose has on the ABA content of rose petals is at least partly due to its effect on changes in water deficit in the petals. This happens in spite of the fact that rose petals have no stomata, and therefore, ABA is not involved in regulating water balance via the stomata.

Using RNA-Seq to assemble a rose transcriptome with more than 13,000 full-length expressed genes and to develop the WagRhSNP 68k Axiom SNP array for rose (Rosa L.)

Koning-Boucoiran, Carole F. S.; Esselink, G. Danny; Vukosavljev, Mirjana; van 't Westende, Wendy P. C.; Gitonga, Virginia W.; Krens, Frans A.; Voorrips, Roeland E.; van de Weg, W. Eric; Schulz, Dietmar; Debener, Thomas; Maliepaard, Chris; Arens, Paul; Smu
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/04/2015 EN
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In order to develop a versatile and large SNP array for rose, we set out to mine ESTs from diverse sets of rose germplasm. For this RNA-Seq libraries containing about 700 million reads were generated from tetraploid cut and garden roses using Illumina paired-end sequencing, and from diploid Rosa multiflora using 454 sequencing. Separate de novo assemblies were performed in order to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within and between rose varieties. SNPs among tetraploid roses were selected for constructing a genotyping array that can be employed for genetic mapping and marker-trait association discovery in breeding programs based on tetraploid germplasm, both from cut roses and from garden roses. In total 68,893 SNPs were included on the WagRhSNP Axiom array. Next, an orthology-guided assembly was performed for the construction of a non-redundant rose transcriptome database. A total of 21,740 transcripts had significant hits with orthologous genes in the strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) genome. Of these 13,390 appeared to contain the full-length coding regions. This newly established transcriptome resource adds considerably to the currently available sequence resources for the Rosaceae family in general and the genus Rosa in particular.

How does a low-mass cut-off in the stellar IMF affect the evolution of young star clusters?

Kouwenhoven, M. B. N.; Goodwin, S. P.; de Grijs, R.; Rose, M.; Kim, Sungsoo S.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 09/09/2014
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We investigate how different stellar initial mass functions (IMFs) can affect the mass loss and survival of star clusters. We find that IMFs with radically different low-mass cut-offs (between 0.1 and 2 Msun) do not change cluster destruction time-scales as much as might be expected. Unsurprisingly, we find that clusters with more high-mass stars lose relatively more mass through stellar evolution, but the response to this mass loss is to expand and hence significantly slow their dynamical evolution. We also argue that it is very difficult, if not impossible, to have clusters with different IMFs that are initially "the same", since the mass, radius and relaxation times depend on each other and on the IMF in a complex way. We conclude that changing the IMF to be biased towards more massive stars does speed up mass loss and dissolution, but that it is not as dramatic as might be thought.; Comment: 13 pages, 7 figures, accepted for publication in MNRAS