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Papel da via lkaros-FGFR4 na evolução pós-cirúrgica dos pacientes com doença de Cushing; Ikaros-FGFR4 pathway: role in the postoperative outcome of Cushing's disease

Brito, Luciana Pinto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/04/2010 PT
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Introdução: Os mecanismos envolvidos na patogênese molecular dos tumores hipofisários corticotróficos são complexos, heterogêneos e permanecem na maioria dos casos desconhecidos. Alterações da expressão de componentes da via Ikaros (Ik), tais como do receptor 4 dos fatores de crescimento de fibroblastos (FGFR4) têm sido detectadas em tumores hipofisários, inclusive nos corticotropinomas. O desbalanço entre as isoformas longas e curtas do Ikaros resulta em um início de transcrição alternativa do FGFR4, codificando uma isoforma truncada do gene (pdt- FGFR4) que foi associada a tumores hipofisários maiores e mais invasivos. A isoforma curta Ik6 promove a expressão do fator anti-apoptótico Bcl-XL in vitro, um efeito independente da interação com as isoformas longas. Além disso, um polimorfismo do FGFR4, com substituição da glicina por arginina no códon 388 (G388R), tem sido associado à evolução desfavorável em vários tipos tumorais humanos. Objetivos: Analisar a expressão do Bcl-XL, das isoformas do Ikaros (Ik1+Ik2/Ik total) e do FGFR4 em corticotropinomas humanos. Avaliar a freqüência dos genótipos do códon 388 do FGFR4 nos pacientes com doença de Cushing e sua associação com a evolução pósoperatória após a primeira cirurgia transesfenoidal. Métodos: Noventa e sete pacientes com diagnóstico de doença de Cushing foram estudados. Os dados clínicos...

An approach to the management of patients with residual Cushing’s disease

Blevins, Lewis S.; Sanai, Nader; Kunwar, Sandeep; Devin, Jessica K.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The evaluation and management of patients with residual Cushing’s disease is one of the more complex issues facing neurosurgeons and neuroendocrinologists in clinical practice. There is considerable controversy over several relevant issues such as the timing of the assessment of whether a patient is in remission, what biochemical parameters define remission, the most appropriate course of action to take after residual disease has been defined, etc. As a consequence of the controversies, treating physicians develop notions and fall into certain practice patterns based on evidence of varying levels, their anecdotal experiences, and information gleaned from scientific meetings. This practice pattern, we believe, constitutes the “art of medicine.” We conducted a PubMed literature search to identify manuscripts containing data relevant to Cushing’s disease, outcomes of various therapeutic modalities, and recurrences. Reference lists were used to identify additional relevant manuscripts. We focused our review on manuscripts that included reasonably large series of patients, those reflecting the experience of pituitary centers and physicians recognized as experts in the field, and those papers felt to represent seminal contributions to the literature. Furthermore...

Managing hyperglycemia in patients with Cushing’s disease treated with pasireotide: medical expert recommendations

Colao, Annamaria; De Block, Christophe; Gaztambide, Maria Sonia; Kumar, Sudhesh; Seufert, Jochen; Casanueva, Felipe F.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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To recommend an approach to monitoring and treating hyperglycemia in pasireotide-treated patients with Cushing’s disease, a severe clinical condition caused by a pituitary adenoma hypersecreting adrenocorticotropic hormone. Advisory Board meeting of ten European experts in pituitary disease and diabetes mellitus in Munich, Germany, on February 23, 2012, to obtain expert recommendations. Cushing’s disease presents a number of management challenges. Pasireotide, a novel agent for the treatment of Cushing’s disease with proven biochemical and clinical efficacy, improves outcomes and expands treatment options. Clinical trials have shown that the pasireotide adverse event profile is similar to that of other somatostatin analogs, except for a higher frequency of hyperglycemia. Mechanistic studies in healthy volunteers suggest that pasireotide-associated hyperglycemia is due to reduced secretion of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, and insulin; however, it is associated with intact postprandial glucagon secretion. Individual patients’ results demonstrate effective hyperglycemia management by following standard guidelines for the treatment of diabetes mellitus with individual adaptation to the specific underlying pathophysiology...

Recent advances in the medical treatment of Cushing’s disease

Fleseriu, Maria
Fonte: Faculty of 1000 Ltd Publicador: Faculty of 1000 Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/03/2014 EN
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Cushing’s disease is a condition of hypercortisolism caused by an adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenoma. While rare, it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, which suggests that early and aggressive intervention is required. The primary, definitive therapy for patients with Cushing’s disease in the majority of patients is pituitary surgery, generally performed via a transsphenoidal approach. However, many patients will not achieve remission or they will have recurrences. The consequences of persistent hypercortisolism are severe and, as such, early identification of those patients at risk of treatment failure is exigent. Medical management of Cushing’s disease patients plays an important role in achieving long-term remission after failed transsphenoidal surgery, while awaiting effects of radiation or before surgery to decrease the hypercortisolemia and potentially reducing perioperative complications and improving outcome. Medical therapies include centrally acting agents, adrenal steroidogenesis inhibitors and glucocorticoid receptor blockers. Furthermore, several new agents are in clinical trials. To normalize the devastating disease effects of hypercortisolemia, it is paramount that successful patient disease management includes individualized...

Improved quality of life after bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy for Cushing's disease: A 10-year experience

Thompson, S.; Hayman, A.; Ludlam, W.; Deveney, C.; Loriaux, D.; Sheppard, B.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
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Objective: To determine long-term quality of life after bilateral adrenalectomy for persistent Cushing's disease after transsphenoidal pituitary tumor resection. Summary Background Data: Bilateral adrenalectomy for symptomatic relief of persistent hypercortisolism appears to be an effective treatment option. However, few studies have examined long-term outcomes in this patient population. Methods: Retrospective review of 39 patients treated by bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy for Cushing's disease from 1994 to 2004. Patients completed a follow-up phone survey, including our Cushing-specific questionnaire and the SF-12v2 health survey. Patients then refrained from taking their steroid replacement for 24 hours, and serum cortisol and ACTH levels were measured. Results: Three patients died at 12, 19, and 50 months following surgery from causes unrelated to adrenalectomy. The remaining 36 patients all responded to the study questionnaire (100% response rate). Patients were between 3 months and 10 years post-adrenalectomy. We had zero operative mortalities and a 10.3% morbidity rate. Our incidence of Nelson's syndrome requiring clinical intervention was 8.3%; 89% of patients reported an improvement in their Cushing-related symptoms...

Surgical management of pediatric Cushing's disease: an analysis of 15 consecutive cases at a specialized neurosurgical center; Estratégia cirúrgica na doença de Cushing em pacientes pediátricos: análise de 15 casos consecutivos operados em centro neurocirúrgico especializado

OLIVEIRA, Ricardo Santos de; CASTRO, Margaret de; ANTONINI, Sonir Roberto Rauber; MARTINELLI JÚNIOR, Carlos Eduardo; MOREIRA, Ayrton Custódio; MACHADO, Helio Rubens
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the results of surgery for pediatric patients with Cushing's disease who were less than 18 years old and underwent transsphenoidal surgery in a specialized center during a 25-year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study, in which the medical records, histology and pituitary imaging of 15 consecutive pediatric patients with Cushing's disease (mean age: 13 years) were evaluated by the same team of endocrinologists and a neurosurgeon from 1982 to 2006. Patients were considered cured when there was clinical adrenal insufficiency and serum cortisol levels were below 1. 8 µg/dL or 50 nmol/L after one, two, three, or seven days following surgery; they therefore required cortisone replacement therapy. Follow-up was for a median time of 11.5 years (range: 2 to 25 years). RESULTS: Clinical and biochemical cure was achieved in 9/15 patients (60%) exclusively after transsphenoidal surgery. Hypopituitarism was observed in four patients; growth hormone deficiency, in two; permanent diabetes insipidus, in one case. CONCLUSIONS: Cushing's disease is rare in children and adolescents. Transsphenoidal surgery is an effective and safe treatment in most of these patients. Plasma cortisol level < 1. 8 µg/dL following surgery is the treatment goal and is a good predictive factor for long-term cure of Cushing's disease.; OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os resultados cirúrgicos em pacientes pediátricos com doença de Cushing com idade inferior a 18 anos...

A 12-Month Phase 3 Study of Pasireotide in Cushing's Disease

Colao, Annamaria; Petersenn, Stephan; Newell-Price, John; Findling, James W.; Gu, Feng; Maldonado, Mario; Schoenherr, Ulrike; Mills, David; Salgado, Luiz Roberto; Biller, Beverly M. K.
Fonte: MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAL SOC; WALTHAM Publicador: MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAL SOC; WALTHAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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BACKGROUND Cushing's disease is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Pasireotide, a potential therapy, has a unique, broad somatostatin-receptor-binding profile, with high binding affinity for somatostatin-receptor subtype 5. METHODS In this double-blind, phase 3 study, we randomly assigned 162 adults with Cushing's disease and a urinary free cortisol level of at least 1.5 times the upper limit of the normal range to receive subcutaneous pasireotide at a dose of 600 mu g (82 patients) or 900 mu g (80 patients) twice daily. Patients with urinary free cortisol not exceeding 2 times the upper limit of the normal range and not exceeding the baseline level at month 3 continued to receive their randomly assigned dose; all others received an additional 300 mu g twice daily. The primary end point was a urinary free cortisol level at or below the upper limit of the normal range at month 6 without an increased dose. Open-label treatment continued through month 12. RESULTS Twelve of the 82 patients in the 600-mu g group and 21 of the 80 patients in the 900-mu g group met the primary end point. The median urinary free cortisol level decreased by approximately 50% by month 2 and remained stable in both groups. A normal urinary free cortisol level was achieved more frequently in patients with baseline levels not exceeding 5 times the upper limit of the normal range than in patients with higher baseline levels. Serum and salivary cortisol and plasma corticotropin levels decreased...

Surgical management of pediatric Cushing's disease: an analysis of 15 consecutive cases at a specialized neurosurgical center

Oliveira,Ricardo Santos de; Castro,Margaret de; Antonini,Sonir Roberto Rauber; Martinelli Júnior,Carlos Eduardo; Moreira,Ayrton Custódio; Machado,Helio Rubens
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2010 EN
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the results of surgery for pediatric patients with Cushing's disease who were less than 18 years old and underwent transsphenoidal surgery in a specialized center during a 25-year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study, in which the medical records, histology and pituitary imaging of 15 consecutive pediatric patients with Cushing's disease (mean age: 13 years) were evaluated by the same team of endocrinologists and a neurosurgeon from 1982 to 2006. Patients were considered cured when there was clinical adrenal insufficiency and serum cortisol levels were below 1. 8 µg/dL or 50 nmol/L after one, two, three, or seven days following surgery; they therefore required cortisone replacement therapy. Follow-up was for a median time of 11.5 years (range: 2 to 25 years). RESULTS: Clinical and biochemical cure was achieved in 9/15 patients (60%) exclusively after transsphenoidal surgery. Hypopituitarism was observed in four patients; growth hormone deficiency, in two; permanent diabetes insipidus, in one case. CONCLUSIONS: Cushing's disease is rare in children and adolescents. Transsphenoidal surgery is an effective and safe treatment in most of these patients. Plasma cortisol level < 1. 8 µg/dL following surgery is the treatment goal and is a good predictive factor for long-term cure of Cushing's disease.

Cushing's syndrome in pregnancy: an overview

Vilar,Lucio; Freitas,Maria da Conceição; Lima,Lúcia Helena C.; Lyra,Ruy; Kater,Claudio E.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2007 EN
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Cushing's syndrome (CS) during pregnancy is a rare condition with fewer than 150 cases reported in the literature. Adrenal adenomas were found to be the commonest cause, followed by Cushing's disease. The gestation dramatically affects the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, resulting in increased hepatic production of corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), increased levels of serum, salivary and urinary free cortisol, lack of suppression of cortisol levels after dexamethasone administration and placental production of CRH and ACTH. Moreover, a blunted response of ACTH and cortisol to exogenous CRH may also occur. Therefore, the diagnosis of CS during pregnancy is much more difficult. Misdiagnosis of CS is also common, as the syndrome may be easily confused with preeclampsia or gestational diabetes. Because CS during pregnancy is usually associated with severe maternal and fetal complications, its early diagnosis and treatment are critical. Surgery is the treatment of choice for CS in pregnancy, except perhaps in the late third trimester, with medical therapy being a second choice. There does not seem to be a rationale for supportive treatment alone.

Prospective evaluation of transsphenoidal pituitary surgery in 108 patients with Cushing's disease

Rollin,Guilherme; Ferreira,Nelson Pires; Czepielewski,Mauro A.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2007 EN
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Transsphenoidal pituitary surgery (TSS) remains the treatment of choice for Cushing's disease (CD). Despite the widespread acceptance of this procedure as the first line treatment in CD, the indication of a second TSS in not cured or relapsed DC patients is not consensus. We report the results of TSS in 108 patients with CD (a total of 117 surgeries). The mean postoperative follow-up period was 6 years. Remission was defined as clinical and laboratorial signs of adrenal insufficiency, period of glucocorticoid dependence, serum cortisol suppression on oral 1-mg dexamethasone overnight suppression test and clinical remission of hypercortisolism. We evaluated 103 patients with CD by the time of the first TSS. Fourteen patients underwent second TSS (5 had already been operated in others centers; in 5 patients the first surgery was not curative; in 4 patients CD relapsed). Remission rates were 85.4% and 28.6% (p < 0.001) after first and second TSS, respectively. In microadenomas, remission rates were higher than macroadenomas (94.9% vs. 73.9%; p = 0.006). In patients with negative pituitary imaging remission rates were 71.4% (p = 0.003; vs. microadenomas). Postoperative complications were: transient diabetes insipidus, definitive diabetes insipidus...

Criteria of cure and remission in Cushing's disease: an update

Czepielewski,Mauro A.; Rollin,Guilherme A.F.S.; Casagrande,Alessandra; Ferreira,Nelson P.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2007 EN
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We review the clinical and biochemical criteria used for evaluation of the transsphenoidal pituitary surgery results in the treatment of Cushing's disease (CD). Firstly, we discuss the pathophysiology of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in normal subjects and patients with CD. Considering the series published in the last 25 years, we observed a significant variation in the remission or cure criteria, including the choice of biochemical tests, timing, threshold values to define remission, and the interference of glucocorticoid replacement or previous treatment. In this context we emphasize serum cortisol levels obtained early (from hours to 12 days) in the postoperative period without any glucocorticoid replacement or treatment. Our experience demonstrates that: (i) early cortisol < 5 to 7 µg/dl, (ii) a period of glucocorticoid dependence > 6 mo, (iii) absence of response of cortisol/ACTH to CRH or DDAVP, (iv) return of dexamethasone suppression, and circadian rhythm of cortisol are appropriate indices of remission of CD. In patients with undetectable cortisol levels early after surgery, recurrence seems to be low. Finally, although certain biochemical patterns are more suggestive of remission or surgical failure, none has been proven to be completely accurate...

Radiotherapy and radiosurgery for Cushing's disease

Minniti,Giuseppe; Brada,Michael
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2007 EN
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Patients with residual or recurrent Cushing's disease receive external beam radiotherapy (RT) with the aim of achieving long-term tumour control and normalization of elevated hormone levels. Treatment is given either as conventional radiotherapy using conformal techniques or as stereotactic radiotherapy, which is either used as fractionated treatment (SCRT) or as single fraction radiosurgery (SRS). We describe the technical aspects of treatment and report a systematic review of the published literature on the efficacy and toxicity of conventional RT, SCRT and SRS. There are no studies directly comparing the different radiation techniques and the reported results are inevitably of selected patients by investigators with interest in the treatment tested. Nevertheless the review of the published literature suggests better hormone and tumour control rates after fractionated irradiation compared to single fraction radiosurgery. Hypopituitarism represents the most commonly reported late complication of radiotherapy seen after all treatments. Although the incidence of other late effects is low, the risk of radiation injury to normal neural structures is higher with single fraction compared to fractionated treatment. Stereotactic techniques offer more localized irradiation compared with conventional radiotherapy...

Cushing's disease presenting with gastrointestinal perforation: a case report

Hara, Takuma; Akutsu, Hiroyoshi; Yamamoto, Tetsuya; Ishikawa, Eiichi; Matsuda, Masahide; Matsumura, Akira
Fonte: Bioscientifica Ltd Publicador: Bioscientifica Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Gastrointestinal perforation is a complication associated with steroid therapy or hypercortisolism, but it is rarely observed in patients with Cushing's disease in clinical practice, and only one case has been reported as a presenting symptom. Herein, we report a rare case of Cushing's disease in which a patient presented with gastrointestinal perforation as a symptom. A 79-year-old man complained of discomfort in the lower abdomen for 6 months. Based on the endocrinological and gastroenterological examinations, he was diagnosed with Cushing's disease with a perforation of the descending colon. After consultation with a gastroenterological surgeon, it was decided that colonic perforation could be conservatively observed without any oral intake and treated with parenteral administration of antibiotics because of the mild systemic inflammation and lack of abdominal guarding. Despite the marked elevated levels of serum cortisol, oral medication was not an option because of colonic perforation. Therefore, the patient was submitted to endonasal adenomectomy to normalize the levels of serum cortisol. Subsequently, a colostomy was successfully performed. Despite its rarity, physicians should be aware that gastrointestinal perforation may be associated with hypercortisolism...

Diagnosis and Multimodality Management of Cushing's Disease: A Practical Review

Zada, Gabriel
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Cushing's Disease is caused by oversecretion of ACTH from a pituitary adenoma and results in subsequent elevations of systemic cortisol, ultimately contributing to reduced patient survival. The diagnosis of Cushing's Disease frequently involves a stepwise approach including clinical, laboratory, neuroimaging, and sometimes interventional radiology techniques, often mandating multidisciplinary collaboration from numerous specialty practitioners. Pituitary microadenomas that do not appear on designated pituitary MRI or dynamic contrast protocols may pose a particularly challenging subset of this disease. The treatment of Cushing's Disease typically involves transsphenoidal surgical resection of the pituitary adenoma as a first-line option, yet may require the addition of adjunctive measures such as stereotactic radiosurgery or medical management to achieve normalization of serum cortisol levels. Vigilant long-term serial endocrine monitoring of patients is imperative in order to detect any recurrence that may occur, even years following initial remission. In this paper, a stepwise approach to the diagnosis, and various management strategies and associated outcomes in patients with Cushing's Disease are discussed.

Recurrent gain-of-function USP8 mutations in Cushing's disease

Ma, Zeng-Yi; Song, Zhi-Jian; Chen, Jian-Hua; Wang, Yong-Fei; Li, Shi-Qi; Zhou, Liang-Fu; Mao, Ying; Li, Yi-Ming; Hu, Rong-Gui; Zhang, Zhao-Yun; Ye, Hong-Ying; Shen, Ming; Shou, Xue-Fei; Li, Zhi-Qiang; Peng, Hong; Wang, Qing-Zhong; Zhou, Dai-Zhan; Qin, Xia
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Cushing's disease, also known as adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenomas (PAs) that cause excess cortisol production, accounts for up to 85% of corticotrophin-dependent Cushing's syndrome cases. However, the genetic alterations in this disease are unclear. Here, we performed whole-exome sequencing of DNA derived from 12 ACTH-secreting PAs and matched blood samples, which revealed three types of somatic mutations in a candidate gene, USP8 (encoding ubiquitin-specific protease 8), exclusively in exon 14 in 8 of 12 ACTH-secreting PAs. We further evaluated somatic USP8 mutations in additional 258 PAs by Sanger sequencing. Targeted sequencing further identified a total of 17 types of USP8 variants in 67 of 108 ACTH-secreting PAs (62.04%). However, none of these mutations was detected in other types of PAs (n = 150). These mutations aggregate within the 14-3-3 binding motif of USP8 and disrupt the interaction between USP8 and 14-3-3 protein, resulting in an elevated capacity to protect EGFR from lysosomal degradation. Accordingly, PAs with mutated USP8 display a higher incidence of EGFR expression, elevated EGFR protein abundance and mRNA expression levels of POMC, which encodes the precursor of ACTH. PAs with mutated USP8 are significantly smaller in size and have higher ACTH production than wild-type PAs. In surgically resected primary USP8-mutated tumor cells...

Retrospective Analysis of Cushing's Disease with or without Hyperprolactinemia

Huan, Cheng; Lu, Chao; Xu, Guang-ming; Qu, Xin; Qu, Yuan-ming
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Objective. We compared the characteristics of patients with Cushing's disease alone with those of patients with Cushing's disease and hyperprolactinemia. Methods. Eighty-four patients were enrolled between 2002 and 2011, in a hospital in China. Clinical, endocrinological, and histopathological data, MRI scans, and surgical outcomes were reviewed throughout the follow-up period. Results. Patients with Cushing's disease and hyperprolactinemia had a younger age at diagnosis (30.28 ± 14.23 versus 36.08 ± 10.91 years; P = 0.037) and a larger adenoma maximal diameter (2.44 ± 1.32 versus 1.44 ± 1.05 cm; P < 0.001) than patients with Cushing's disease alone. Menstrual disorders (P = 0.027) and visual field defects (P = 0.021) were more common and progressive obesity (P = 0.009) and hypertension (P < 0.001) were less common in patients with Cushing's disease and hyperprolactinemia. The rate of normalization of hormonal levels was lower (41.7% versus 91.7%; P < 0.001) and the recurrence rate was higher (36.1% versus 8.3%; P < 0.001) in patients with Cushing's disease and hyperprolactinemia. Conclusions. Careful long-term follow-up is needed of patients with Cushing's disease and hyperprolactinemia.

Modulatory effect of BclI GR gene polymorphisms on the obesity phenotype in Brazilian patients with Cushing's disease

Moreira,Ricardo P.P.; Bachega,Tânia A.S.S.; Machado,Márcio C.; Mendonca,Berenice B.; Bronstein,Marcello D.; Villares Fragoso,Maria Candida B.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2013 EN
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66.6%
OBJECTIVES: Patients with Cushing's disease exhibit wide phenotypic variability in the severity of obesity, diabetes and hypertension. In the general population, several glucocorticoid receptor genes (NR3C1) and HSD11B1 polymorphisms are associated with altered glucocorticoid sensitivity and/or metabolism, resulting in an increased or reduced risk of an adverse metabolic profile. Our aim was to analyze the association of NR3C1 and HSD11B1 gene variants with the severity of some clinical and hormonal features of Cushing's disease. METHODS: Sixty-four patients presenting with Cushing's disease were diagnosed based on adrenocorticotrophic hormone levels, high-dose dexamethasone suppression tests and/or inferior petrosal sinus sampling and magnetic resonance imaging. The A3669G, ER22/23EK, N363S BclI-NR3C1 and HSD11B1-rs12086634 variants were screened. RESULTS: The BclI, HSD11B1-rs12086634 and A3669G variants were found in 36%, 19.5% and 14% of alleles, respectively. The N363S and ER22/23EK polymorphisms were identified in heterozygosis once in only two patients (1.5% of alleles). There were no differences in the weight gain or prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in the patients carrying the abovementioned alleles compared to the wild-type carriers. Interestingly...

Avaliação do eixo hipotálamohipófise adrenal no diagnóstico e na remissão da doença de Cushing; Assessment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in Cushing's disease diagnosis and remission

Costenaro, Fabiola; Rodrigues, Ticiana da Costa; Rollin, Guilherme Alcides Flores Soares; Czepielewski, Mauro Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
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A doença de Cushing (DC) permanece um desafio médico com muitas questões ainda não respondidas. O sucesso terapêutico dos pacientes com DC está ligado à correta investigação do diagnóstico síndrômico e etiológico, além da experiência e talento do neurocirurgião. A adenomectomia hipofisária transesfenoidal constitui-se no tratamento de escolha para a DC. A avaliação da remissão da doença no pós-operatório e da recorrência em longo prazo constitui um desafio ainda maior. Especial destaque deve ser dado para o cortisol sérico no pós-operatório como marcador de remissão. Adicionalmente, o uso de corticoide exógeno no pós-operatório apenas em vigência de insuficiência adrenal tem sido sugerido por alguns autores como requisito essencial para permitir a correta interpretação do cortisol sérico nesse cenário. Neste artigo, revisamos as formas de avaliação da atividade da DC e os marcadores de remissão e recidiva da DC após a realização da cirurgia transesfenoidal.; Cushing’s disease (CD) remains a medical challenge, with many questions still unanswered. Successful treatment of CD patients is closely related to correct approach to syndromic and etiological diagnosis, besides the experience and talent of the neurosurgeon. Pituitary transsphenoidal adenomectomy is the treatment of choice for DC. Assessment of remission after surgery and recurrence in the long term is an even greater challenge. In this regard...

Prospective evaluation of transsphenoidal pituitary surgery in 108 patients with cushing's disease; Avaliação prospectiva da cirurgia hipofisária transesfenoidal em 108 pacientes com doença de cushing

Rollin, Guilherme Alcides Flores Soares; Ferreira, Nelson Pires; Czepielewski, Mauro Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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66.37%
O tratamento de escolha para a doença de Cushing (DC) ainda é a cirurgia transesfenoidal (CTE) para ressecção do adenoma hipofisário produtor de ACTH. Porém, a indicação de uma segunda CTE representa uma questão controversa, tanto nos pacientes não curados após a primeira cirurgia quanto nos casos de recidiva. Neste trabalho, relatamos os resultados da CTE em 108 pacientes com DC (totalizando 117 cirurgias). O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 6 anos. Critérios de cura: ocorrência de insuficiência adrenal (clínica ou laboratorial), período de dependência ao glicocorticóide, supressão do cortisol sérico pós-1 mg de dexametasona overnight e remissão clínica do hipercortisolismo. Foram avaliados 103 pacientes com DC submetidos à primeira CTE. Quatorze pacientes foram submetidos a uma segunda CTE (5 já tinham sido operados em outros centros; a primeira cirurgia não fora curativa em 5; 4 pacientes com recidiva da DC). Índices de cura: 85,4% e 28,6% (p < 0,001) após a primeira e segunda CTE, respectivamente. Nos microadenomas, remissão maior que nos macroadenomas (94,9% vs. 73,9%; p = 0,006). Nos pacientes com imagem hipofisária negativa, cura foi de 71,4% (p = 0,003; vs. micro). Complicações pós-operatórias: diabetes insipidus transitório e definitivo...

Criteria of cure and remission in cushing's disease : an update; Critérios de cura e remissão na doença de cushing : uma atualização

Czepielewski, Mauro Antonio; Rollin, Guilherme Alcides Flores Soares; Casagrande, Alessandra; Ferreira, Nelson Pires
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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Neste artigo, são revisados os principais critérios clínicos e hormonais utilizados para avaliação do tratamento cirúrgico da Doença de Cushing (DC). Inicialmente são comentados aspectos fisiopatológicos que orientam a avaliação hormonal e os principais fatores clínicos, laboratoriais, cirúrgicos e histológicos associados com melhores resultados, observados nas principais séries da literatura e em pacientes acompanhados prospectivamente pelos autores. Foram revisados, também, critérios adotados nas principais séries da literatura, nos últimos 25 anos, chamando-se atenção para as dosagens hormonais, o momento em que foram realizadas, a possibilidade de interferência de tratamentos prévios e da reposição glicocorticóide. À seguir, essas dosagens são discutidas salientando-se a importância do cortisol obtido seqüencialmente no pós-operatório e sem a interferência de reposição glicocorticóide. A experiência prospectiva dos autores, recentemente referendada na literatura, demonstra que valores de cortisol < 5 a 7 μg/dl associados com um período de dependência aos glicocorticóides > 6 meses, ausência de resposta do ACTH/cortisol ao DDAVP e/ou CRH, retorno da supressão à dexametasona e do ritmo circadiano...