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Poder constituinte derivado de equivalência às emendas constitucionais: os tratados de direitos humanos após a EC nº 45/04; Derived constitutional power of constitutional amendments equivalence: the human rights treaties after the Constitutional Amendment nº 45/04.

Bachour, Samir Dib
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/05/2014 PT
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A teoria do Poder Constituinte Derivado de Equivalência às Emendas Constitucionais busca abarcar por completo o fenômeno jurídico da aprovação de tratados e convenções internacionais sobre direitos humanos como equivalentes às emendas constitucionais, nos termos do §3º do art. 5º da Constituição, inserido pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45/04. Após a descrição crítica do panorama constitucional, doutrinário e jurisprudencial em que foi engendrado este novo dispositivo do art. 5º e o procedimento pelo qual foi aprovada a incorporação da Convenção sobre os Direitos das Pessoas com Deficiência e de seu Protocolo Facultativo como equivalentes às Emendas, seguem as três partes essenciais e imprescindíveis que compõem a abordagem do tema. A primeira está voltada à caracterização da presença de uma nova manifestação de Poder Constituinte, com o objetivo de oferecer soluções coerentes e consistentemente respaldadas em um arcabouço teórico comum para toda a problemática envolvida, que será especificamente examinada a partir das questões enfrentadas na Parte II. Já a terceira parte está mais atrelada às questões materiais, ao se preocupar com o objeto da equivalência constitucional: se esta inclui todo o diploma internacional; exclusivamente os direitos humanos nele previstos; ou também normas de outra natureza...

Monitorizar os direitos humanos das pessoas com deficiência: análise de dados do projecto Disability Rights Promotion International na Cidade de Toronto, Canadá

Mendes, Carla Sofia Faria
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas Publicador: Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 25/07/2012 POR
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Dissertação de Mestrado em Política Social; A presente dissertação pretendeu analisar as experiências de vida de pessoas com deficiência na cidade de Toronto, no Canadá, explorando as barreiras que estas enfrentam no seu quotidiano e conhecendo a actualidade dos instrumentos de direitos humanos existentes e a sua aplicação no terreno. A partir da análise qualitativa e em profundidade das Experiências Individuais de 43 pessoas com deficiência, foram identificadas as questões de direitos mais prioritárias e importantes para estas, sendo os resultados posteriormente analisados à luz da Convenção sobre os Direitos das Pessoas com Deficiência. Os domínios da Participação Social e do Trabalho, tendo sido as áreas que mais se destacaram com o maior número de experiências negativas, revelaram a grande lacuna que existe no acesso aos direitos humanos no meio social e laboral. Apesar do conjunto de princípios regulados pela Convenção, experiências de indignidade, exclusão, inacessibilidade, desigualdade e desrespeito são comuns entre as narrativas pessoais dos cidadãos com deficiência. Não obstante os inúmeros instrumentos de direitos humanos disponíveis, as pessoas com deficiência continuam a experienciar situações de violação dos seus direitos. Impedidas de exercer plenamente os seus direitos...

Measuring disability and monitoring the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: the work of the Washington Group on Disability Statistics

Madans, Jennifer H ; Loeb, Mitchell E ; Altman, Barbara M
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/05/2011 EN
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The Washington Group on Disability Statistics is a voluntary working group made up of representatives of over 100 National Statistical Offices and international, non-governmental and disability organizations that was organized under the aegis of the United Nations Statistical Division. The purpose of the Washington Group is to deal with the challenge of disability definition and measurement in a way that is culturally neutral and reasonably standardized among the UN member states. The work, which began in 2001, took on added importance with the passage and ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities since the Convention includes a provision for monitoring whether those with and without disabilities have equal opportunities to participate in society and this will require the identification of persons with disabilities in each nation. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) developed by the World Health Organization provided a framework for conceptualizing disability. Operationalizing an ICF-based approach to disability has required the development of new measurement tools for use in both censuses and surveys. To date, a short set of six disability-related questions suitable for use in national censuses has been developed and adopted by the Washington Group and incorporated by the United Nations in their Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses. A series of extended sets of questions is currently under development and some of the sets have been tested in several countries. The assistance of many National and International organizations has allowed for cognitive and field testing of the disability questionnaires in multiple languages and locations. This paper will describe the work of the Washington Group and explicate the applicability of its approach and the questions developed for monitoring the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Monitoring the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: data and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

Bickenbach, Jerome E
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/05/2011 EN
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This paper approaches the general issue of the complex challenges in the relationship between those who generate data -- researchers, scientists, and state statistical offices -- and those who use data -- researchers and policy-makers -- in light of the more specific policy challenges created by the monitoring requirement of the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD: Article 33). International Conventions and Treaties standardly suffer from being persistently ineffectual primarily because of the absence of implementation mechanisms. The CRPD, by contrast, explicitly requires State Parties who have ratified it to institute data generation and monitoring mechanisms for its implementation. This paper argues that WHO’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) can be brought into the service of the CRPD data generation and monitoring mandate, both in the shaping of relevant data streams and in the creation of relevant indicators, and concludes by reviewing the challenges that remain.

Against a singular understanding of legal capacity: Criminal responsibility and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Craigie, Jillian
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
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The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is being used to argue for wider recognition of the legal capacity of people with mental disabilities. This raises a question about the implications of the Convention for attributions of criminal responsibility. The present paper works towards an answer by analysing the relationship between legal capacity in relation to personal decisions and criminal acts. Its central argument is that because moral and political considerations play an essential role in setting the relevant standards, legal capacity in the context of personal decisions and criminal acts should not be thought of as two sides of the same coin. The implications of particular moral or political norms are likely to be different in these two legal contexts, and this may justify asymmetries in the relevant standards for legal capacity. However, the analysis highlights a fundamental question about how much weight moral or political considerations should be given in setting these standards, and this is used to frame a challenge to those calling for significantly wider recognition of the legal capacity of people with mental disabilities on the basis of the Convention.

Creating and Enabling a Sustainable Livelihood for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities: A Comparative Case Study of Ghana and Canada.

Reimmer, Ferdinand
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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Abstract Despite the plethora of published studies on rights, including employment rights, for persons with intellectual disabilities (Hatton, 2002; Tarulli, et al., 2004; Ward & Stewart, 2008), relatively few have discussed their applicability to individuals with intellectual disabilities to facilitate their full involvement in socio-economic development. This study explored the mechanisms facilitating and inhibiting the full participation of persons with intellectual disabilities in the area of employment through a comparative case analysis of policies and practices in Ontario, Canada (a developed country) and in Ghana (a developing country) both of which are signatories to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). The study employed targeted recruitment based on the nature of the research which is a combination of policy and practice investigation.

An analysis of the status of implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the Caribbean

Gjaltema, Taeke; Ebbeson, Louise; Gonzales, Candice
Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
EN
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Includes bibliography; This background paper presents an analysis of the status of implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the Caribbean. It starts with a general description of the Caribbean and the implications for the current situation of disability. The paper then presents the results of the survey based on two questionnaires to the NGOs and the government ministries with the purpose of collecting first-hand accounts of the realities of persons with disabilities in the Caribbean, as well as to collect information on policies, programmes and other measures related to the rights of persons living with disabilities. In the conclusion, some recommendations are then provided for the way forward for proper development and implementation of national and regional policies for disability.

Escaping Stigma and Neglect : People with Disabilities in Sierra Leone

Ovadiya, Mirey; Zampaglione, Giuseppe
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
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The objective of this policy note on people with disabilities in Sierra Leone is to: (i) provide a diagnosis on the scale and nature of the problem; (ii) analyze current public policies in support of people with disabilities; (iii) review public and private programs; and (iv) propose some policy options to policy makers and development partners. This note contains five chapters, the first of which is this introduction. Chapter two summarizes the diagnosis of the scale and nature of the people with disabilities issue by examining the prevalence, types, and causes of disability and by discussing the socioeconomic profiles of people with disabilities, particularly their access to health, education, and social protection services. Chapter three includes an analysis of current public policies and of the legal and institutional framework for the protection and promotion of the rights of people with disabilities in Sierra Leone. Chapter four provides an overview of the current public and private programs to support people with disabilities...

Accessibility of Urban Transport for People with Disabilities and Limited Mobility : Lessons from East Asia and the Pacific

Babinard, Julie; Wang, Wei; Bennett, Christopher R.; Mehndiratta, Shomik
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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Accessibility of transport is not always a priority in transport planning and implementation. There can be barriers in the physical environment and delivery of services that render transport inaccessible. The principle of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CPRD) brings new momentum to ensuring accessibility in the delivery of transport infrastructure and services. The CRPD recognizes that obstacles and barriers to indoor and outdoor public facilities and buildings and the physical environment should be removed to ensure equal access by people with disabilities and all members of society. This note summarizes the analysis done of the accessibility features of recent transport projects in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region. It seeks to highlight good practice in national laws, policies and project implementation to improve the welfare of transport users across projects. The overarching objective is to suggest how to improve the implementation of accessibility features in transport projects for people with disabilities and people with limited mobility. Mobility and access requirements of people with disabilities should be considered by planning and designing barrier- free transport systems. This implies an understanding and identification of the circumstances that create barriers for people with disabilities. Many countries have made progress in reducing barriers in the transport environment...

Improving Accessibility to Transport for People with Limited Mobility : A Practical Guidance Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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This document aims to provide practical guidance on how best to include consideration of accessibility for People with Limited Mobility (PLM). While disabled people are a primary focus, the definition of PLM considered within this guidance note therefore also encompasses this broader range of users with mobility constraints and needs. Barriers to addressing the needs of PLM are often a product of a lack of information for transport professionals and facility designers, combined with limited resources. To assist client countries with implementing the principles and binding obligations of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), it is clear that World Bank Task Team Leaders (TTLs) need to understand how to build in accessibility for disabled people in the design and implementation of transport projects. This guidance note therefore aims to aid World Bank TTLs when specifying and managing Bank funded transport projects in order to improve the accessibility of transport systems for PLM. It is intended to serve primarily as a point of reference for TTLs on how to include...

United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Multidisciplinary Perspectives

Fonte: VIKE Publicador: VIKE
Tipo: Livro
EN
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United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities – Multidisciplinary Perspectives’ traces the entry into force of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The book offers a number of fresh approaches to disability studies and disability rights by exploring the lives of persons with disabilities from multiple perspectives. It provides the reader with an insightful reading experience on the contemporary topics of disability studies and disability rights. The book can be utilized as introductory material for anyone who wants to get familiar with disability rights. The book can well serve as material for disability rights teaching and autonomous individual studies.

Innovative aspects of the UN convention on the rights of persons with disabilities

ANIŠIĆ, Maša
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
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The thesis examines the innovations introduced by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the international human rights arena. It addresses three separate aspects of the Convention, i.e., its drafting process, its general and substantive provisions, and its provisions on implementation and monitoring. The main focus of the thesis is on the innovative mechanisms for stronger social rights realisation found within the general and substantive provisions of the Convention. The thesis argues that the Convention’s innovative use of nondiscrimination, equality, and social participation mechanisms presents a new tool that moves social rights closer to civil rights and consequently provides an effective framework for their stronger realisation. The drafting process and the implementation provisions are analysed to the extent to which they relate to the stronger social rights realisation. The thesis argues that the innovations in the drafting process affected the experimental nature of the Convention’s content and explores the future implications of stakeholder participation in the Convention’s drafting process by comparing it to the drafting of other relevant international treaties. The innovations within the implementation and monitoring provisions are relevant to the fostering of social rights...

La legislación educativa y los alumnos con discapacidad : necesidad de actualización

González Noriega, Mar
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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En el presente artículo se analiza la legislación educativa de las personas con discapacidad en España. En primer lugar se revisa la historia de la educación especial analizando cómo los diferentes modelos educativos incidieron en la legislación. En segundo lugar se analiza la situación actual de la legislación educativa estatal de las personas con discapacidad para comprobar si cumple con los preceptos de la Convención Internacional sobre Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad (ONU, 2007) y con el actual modelo de Educación Inclusiva; This paper discusses the educational legislation of persons with disabilities in Spain. First we review the history of special education by analyzing how different educational models influenced current legislation. Second, the current state of educational legislation for persons with disabilities is analyzed to check if it complies with the provisions of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN, 2007) and with the current model of inclusive education; I. INTRODUCCIÓN. II. RESEÑA HISTÓRICA: LA EDUCACIÓN DE LAS PERSONAS CON DISCAPACIDAD EN ESPAÑA. 1. La Exclusión Educativa de las personas con discapacidad. 2. La Segregación Educativa de las personas con discapacidad. 3. La integración educativa de las personas con discapacidad. III. SITUACIÓN ACTUAL DE LA EDUCACIÓN DE LAS PERSONAS CON DISCAPACIDAD EN ESPAÑA. 1. La actual ley de educación y el alumnado con discapacidad. 1.1. La escolarización del alumnado con discapacidad en el desarrollo normativo. 1.2. La dotación de recursos educativos para el alumnado con discapacidad. 1.3. Las medidas educativas para el alumnado con discapacidad. 2. Reflexiones sobre la sintonía entre la Ley Orgánica de Educación y el modelo de Educación Inclusiva. IV. CONCLUSIONES. V. BIBLIOGRAFÍA

Discapacidad, educación y universidad : especial referencia a la Universidad de Alcalá

Cano Ruiz, Isabel
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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El derecho a la educación tiene un carácter universal. Sin embargo, no todas las personas pueden ejercer este derecho en igualdad de condiciones. Uno de los instrumentos normativos internacionales más importantes a favor de la erradicación de la discriminación por razón de la discapacidad es la Convención sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad. El acceso y permanencia de las personas con discapacidad a la enseñanza superior está siendo impulsado a través de un marco normativo que adopta como principios básicos la necesaria accesibilidad y no discriminación en los estudios universitarios y el establecimiento de medidas de discriminación positiva; The right to education is universal. However, not all people can exercise this right on an equal basis. One of the most important international legal instruments for the elimination of discrimination based on disability is the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The enrollment and retention of people with disabilities to higher education is being driven by a policy framework that adopts the basic principles of non-discrimination and accessibility required in college and the establishment of affirmative action; I. INTRODUCCIÓN. II. LA DISCAPACIDAD EN CIFRAS. III. LEGISLACIÓN UNIVERSITARIA Y DISCAPACIDAD. 1. Especial referencia al Estatuto del Estudiante Universitario. IV. LA UNIDAD DE INTEGRACIÓN Y COORDINACIÓN DE POLÍTICAS DE DISCAPACIDAD DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DE ALCALÁ. 1. Acceso a la universidad. 2. Permanencia en la universidad. 3. Finalización de estudios. V. CONCLUSIONES. VI. BIBLIOGRAFÍA

La capacidad jurídica de las personas con discapacidad: el art. 12 de la Convención de la ONU y su impacto en el Ordenamiento jurídico español; The legal capacity of persons with disabilities: the article 12 of the UN Convention and its impact on the Spanish legal system

Cuenca Gómez, Patricia
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de Derechos Humanos Bartolomé de las Casas; Dykinson Publicador: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de Derechos Humanos Bartolomé de las Casas; Dykinson
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2011 SPA
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Este trabajo se ocupa del estudio del artículo 12 de la Convención Internacional sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad y del análisis de su impacto en el Ordenamiento jurídico español. Este precepto supone un cambio fundamental en el tratamiento de la capacidad jurídica que permitirá a las personas con discapacidad acceder al ejercicio de los derechos humanos en condiciones de igualdad con los demás ciudadanos. La adaptación de la legislación española a este novedoso tratamiento exige una reforma profunda del sistema de incapacitación vigente y de sus instituciones básicas; This work deals with the study of article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the analysis of their impact on the Spanish legal system. Article 12 implies a fundamental change in the treatment of legal capacity that will allow people with disabilities access to exercise of humans rights on an equal basis with others. The adaptation of Spanish legislation to this new treatment requires a thorough reform of the current incapacitation system and its basic institutions.

Monitoring Accessibility Services in Digital Television

Utray Delgado, Francisco; Castro, Mercedes de; Moreno, Lourdes; Ruiz-Mezcua, Belén
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 ENG
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This paper addresses methodology and tools applied to the monitoring of accessibility services in digital television at a time when the principles of accessibility and design are being considered in all new audiovisual media communication services. The main objective of this research is to measure the quality and quantity of existing accessibility services offered by digital terrestrial television (DTT). The preliminary results, presented here, offer the development of a prototype for automatic monitoring and a methodology for obtaining quality measurements, along with the conclusions drawn by initial studies carried out in Spain. The recent approval of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities gives special relevance to this research because it provides valuable guidelines to help set the priorities to improve services currently available to users.; This research work is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade (Avanza I+D programme) and The Spanish Centre of Captioning and Audio Description

Making Disability Work: Increasing Workforce Participation of People with Disabilities

Gunasegaran, Sivaranjaniy
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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This report is primarily focused with the low employment rates of people with a disability in Australia. According to latest available data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, only 54 per cent of people with a disability are in the workforce compared to 83 per cent of people with no disabilities.1 Amongst the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries too, Australia has performed poorly in terms of employment rates for people with disabilities. In 2010, it was ranked 21 out of 29 countries for employment rates for people with a disability. These data are causes for concern. With Australia's ratification of United Nation's Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2008, there is now a heightened responsibility for it to ensure employment and equal participation of people with a disability in the labour force. Moreover, employment of people with disabilities ensures their social inclusion and economic independence in society. Australia as a whole would benefit from increasing the employment rates of people with disabilities economically. This report began with an analysis of current policies and programs in place to increase the employment rates of people with disabilities. While the Disability Employment Services and reforms to Disability Support Pension are a welcome move to get more people with disabilities into the workforce...

Mental health law and the UN Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities

Szmukler, George; Daw, Rowena; Callard, Felicity
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2014 EN
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People with a mental illness may be subject to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), depending on definitions of terms such as ‘impairment’, ‘long-term’ and the capaciousness of the word ‘includes’ in the Convention's characterisation of persons with disabilities. Particularly challenging under the CRPD is the scope, if any, for involuntary treatment.

Including the Excluded: Recommendations for Improving the Enrollment of Disabled Children in Primary School in the United Republic of Tanzania

Wilson, Victoria
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 22/04/2011 EN_US
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Policy Question What social, economic and environmental factors hinder the enrollment of disabled, primary school-aged children in the United Republic of Tanzania, and how can the government turn the country’s existing educational system into an inclusive one that overcomes these barriers? Background The definition of disability has changed over the past few decades so that the root of the cause is not an individual’s impairment but the social, environmental and attitudinal barriers established by society. This new definition of disability, called the social model, explains the cycle of impairment and poverty seen around the world, including the United States. Once an individual becomes impaired, he becomes socially excluded from society. If he is young, he is often excluded from a country’s education system because it lacks the ability to accommodate him or because he is actively discriminated against due to the stigma of disability. Lack of education leads to limited employment choices, or no employment choices, which in turn leads to poverty. Poverty leads to living in unsanitary, crowded conditions that can either lead to an exasperation of an existing impairment or an increased chance of disability amongst those living with the impaired person. The vicious cycle then starts all over again. Although statistics about disability worldwide are unreliable...

Barriers to advocacy and litigation in the equality courts for persons with disabilities

Holness,W; Rule,S
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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The effective implementation of the Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act4 of 2000 (PEPUDA) and the fulfilment of the South African state's obligations in terms of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) are dependent on two fundamental tools, advocacy and litigation. This article discusses the outcome of three cases in the Equality Courts and how these cases promote accessibility and access to justice for persons with disabilities. The authors then consider the impact of CREATE, a KwaZulu-Natal NGO's advocacy initiatives to promote the rights of persons with disabilities and the utilisation of the Equality Court to realise those rights. Participants of ten workshops in KwaZulu-Natal identified three barriers to access to justice in accessing the Equality Courts. Firstly, some Equality Courts are geographically (and financially) inaccessible. Secondly, the negative and insensitive attitudes of front-line workers impact on the ability of persons with disabilities to bring equality claims to and access the services of the Equality Court. These barriers constitute discrimination and flout articles 9 and 13 of the CRPD, which require the provision of support for persons with disabilities to access the justice system and the promotion of accessibility to the physical environment...