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Análise da estratégia de contratação de consumidores livres, tendo como balizamento a formação de preços no mercado cativo.; Analysis of contracting strategies of free consumers, considering the energy pricing in regulated contracting market.

Fagundes Filho, Carlos Augusto Caminada
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/08/2009 PT
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A disponibilidade de energia a preços competitivos é fundamental para a competitividade dos produtos da indústria nacional, que está imersa num ambiente concorrencial interno e externo. Essa indústria tem inserção maciça no cotidiano de toda sociedade, contribuindo decisivamente para o bom andamento da economia brasileira. O Modelo Setorial permite a um grande consumidor optar pela contratação de energia de forma regulada ou livre, pelo que a análise da melhor estratégia de contratação torna-se fundamental. No presente trabalho, é realizado o mapeamento da composição dos preços praticados no Ambiente de Contratação Livre (ACL) e Ambiente de Contratação Regulado (ACR). As regras são definidas através da análise da legislação setorial e do comportamento observado dos agentes de mercado. Após essa etapa, são realizadas simulações, partindo de premissas macroeconômicas e setoriais, que fornecem projeções de preços para ambos os ambientes e, por fim, realizadas comparações entre as diversas estratégias de contratação.; The availability of electrical energy at competitive prices is of fundamental importance for the competitiveness of products in each industry field, considering the strong competition in internal and external markets. The industry production plays an important role in society everyday life...

Contracting out and accountability

Mulgan, Richard
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 200397 bytes; 360 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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Contracting out raises important issues of accountability, as recognised by the inquiry being conducted by the Senate Finance and Public Administration References Committee. The claim made by the Industry Commission that contracting out does not reduce government accountability for public services is mistaken. Contracting out involves a trade-off of political accountability for efficiency. Contracting out inevitably involves some reduction in accountability through the removal of direct departmental and ministerial control over the day-to-day actions of contractors and their staff. Indeed, the removal of such control is essential to the rationale for contracting out because the main increases in efficiency come from the greater freedom allowed to contracting providers. Accountability is also likely to be reduced through the reduced availability of citizen redress under such instruments as the Ombudsman and FOI. At the same time, accountability may on occasion be increased through improved departmental and ministerial control following from greater clarification of objectives and specification of standards. Providers may also become more responsive to public needs through the forces of market competition. Potential losses (and gains) in accountability need to be balanced against potential efficiency gains in each case.; no

Contracting with the enemy: the contracting officer’s dilemma

Cayia, Thomas; McCaslin, Joshua
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Operational contract support activities during stability and reconstruction operations rely significantly on local national contractors to provide goods and services for U.S. forces. In some cases, local national contractors are given priority in competition for contracts as a means of stimulating and rebuilding the local economy. A major risk associated with using local national contractors in contingency environments is the presence of business entities that may directly or indirectly support adversarial forces. Entering into contracts with enemy-affiliated business entities creates significant contractual and security risk for U.S. forces. Mitigating the effects of enemy-affiliated business must be a priority for contingency contracting officers. However, the process of preventing enemy-affiliated business entities from contracting with the U.S. government is complex and difficult to navigate. In this MBA Report, we analyze the reasons for this complexity and provide future policy recommendations to better counteract the contracting-with-the-enemy phenomenon.; Outstanding Thesis; Outstanding Thesis; Captain, United States Army; Captain...

Marine leadership of Civilian Personnel: an analysis of Marine Contracting Officers' Management of Civilian P & C Personnel

Robinson, Macon R
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
ENG
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Approved for public release: Distribution is unlimited; The Marine Corps currently has 18 regional contracting offices located throughout the continental U.S. and one office in Okinawa, Japan. Ten out of the 18 regional contracting offices are headed by military contracting officers. The majority of the personnel that make up the workforce in these offices are civilians. The military side of the workforce continues to get smaller not only because of downsizing but in part as a result of the Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act (DAWIA). DAWIA requires the Department of Defense to increase the ratio of civilian personnel to military personnel in the acquisition workforce each year, a move toward civilianization of this profession. As more and more civilians take over acquisition and contracting positions the real challenge will be for those military officers that must head these newly formed organizations which rely heavily on civilian workforce. The major challenge that any military officer will be facing in this environment is how to manage civilians effectively. This thesis identifies the issues associated with the management of civilian purchasing and contracting (P & C) personnel in a USMC regional contracting Office. A survey and interviews of USMC military contracting officers and civilian P & C personnel were conducted by the researcher and the results were used to develop conclusions and recommendations to enhance the management skills of Marine Corps Officers; http://archive.org/details/marineleadership00robi; Captain...

Analysis of the contracting processes and ethical culture at Ogden Air Logistics Center, Hill AFB Ut

Sheehan, Brian H.; VanAssche, David J.; Moats, Stuart D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 69 p ; 28 cm.
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MBA Professional Report; This study assesses the process capabilities and competencies of Air Force Material Command's (AFMC) Ogden Air Logistics Center (OO-ALC), Contracting Directorate at Hill AFB, UT. This project is conducted with the sponsorship and assistance of the Acquisition Research Program. The assessment uses a cross-sectional questionnaire covering contracting processes and procedure. The assessment spans across five units and delves into six different key contracting process areas. The purpose of this study is to analyze the OO-ALC's contracting processes and procedures to better establish a baseline for contract management maturity. This model, in conjunction with the Contract Management Maturity Assessment Tool (CMMAT), is used to gain information on potential areas of weakness and how to leverage those with strengths. Additionally, this study produces an analysis of the ethical culture currently present in the OO-ALC through the administration of an ethics questionnaire. In these times of significant transformation, it is critical to have mature contracting processes and procedures in place to insure continuity and continuous improvement throughout the organization as well as high ethical standards.

Contracting in a foreign country

Rodeschin, Darrin H
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
ENG
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The emergence of the United States as the only remaining superpower requires its forces to deploy to an increasing number of foreign countries. U.S. businesses are expanding their markets to include many foreign countries as well. Additionally, the United Nation's role as a multi-national peacekeeping force is growing. This thesis investigates and compares the different contracting structures of the U.S. Army, the UN, and Apple as well as the duties and responsibilities of the contracting individuals within these organizations. It also explores the regulations and policy, training and organization-specific issues relevant to overseas contracting. This thesis revealed that although each organization is unique in its methodology of overseas contracting, it is possible for each organization to learn from another's method of contracting. This thesis did not determine the best way to conduct overseas contracting, nor was this the intent. The objective was to compare different ways of contracting overseas. In doing so, a reference document is now available for current and future contractors. The knowledge gained from this document will help prepare these contractors to meet the challenge of contracting in a foreign country; http://archive.org/details/contractinginfor00rode; Captain...

Joint contingency contracting

Johnson, Ellsworth K., III; Paton, Bryan H.; Threat, Edward W.; Haptonstall, Lisa A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xxii, 148 p. :|bcol. ill., col. maps ;|c28 cm.
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The purpose of this Master of Business Administration (MBA) Professional Report is to investigate and analyze the means by which Contingency Contracting Officers (CCO) can effectively operate in a Joint contingency environment and to validate the Defense Contract Management Agency's (DCMA) entry and exit criteria for contingency contracting missions. Joint contingencies encompass regional conflicts, humanitarian and peacekeeping missions, and international or domestic disaster relief missions supported with the immediate deployment of military forces. This research was accomplished by reviewing the current guidance, policies, and doctrine pertinent to contingency contracting operations and conducting personal interviews. The researchers conducted interviews with representatives of the Joint Staff, J4 (Logistics), each Service Component's acquisition headquarters, U.S. Central Command's J4 (Logistics), U.S. Pacific Command's J4 (Logistics, Engineering, and Security Assistance), and the DCMA to explore how contingency contracting operations are planned and executed; current issues and lessons learned; and understand the current structure/organization of Service Component and Combatant Command for accomplishing contingency contracting. Conclusions and recommendations address perceived shortfalls in the methodologies the Services use to plan...

The feasibility of long-term contracting in the Department of Defense

Breen, Gregory F.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 97 p.
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This study attempts to identify to what extent long-term contracting is feasible by the Department of Defense (DoD). It was primarily accomplished by examining the long-term contracting literature base and through surveys and follow-up telephone interviews with individuals from private industry and with individuals from DoD. The surveys and interviews were conducted in order to specifically identify and characterize any barriers which may be restricting DoD's ability to use a long-term contracting approach; and if so, to determine how these barriers can best be overcome, by comparing DoD's long-term contracting practices to the long-term contracting practices of private industry.; Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy.

A Study of the Alpha contracting process and its effects on Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) within selected Army Acquisition Programs

Clements, Andrew F.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 71 p. : ill. ;
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Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; This thesis evaluates the sole-source method of Alpha Contracting in the Army's HMMWV, Bradley A3, and AFATDS acquisition programs and examines the advantages and disadvantages associated with its implementation. Specifically, the research focuses on the effects of Alpha Contracting on the Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) concept and its associated use of Integrated Product Teams (IPTs). The objective is to determine if Alpha Contracting, in concert with the IPPD process, supports DoD's ultimate acquisition goal of providing warfighters with effective systems on schedule at an affordable cost. Ultimately, this analysis will lead to the development of a set of recommendations for its implementation in future acquisition endeavors. The research conducted for this thesis includes an analysis of the Alpha Contracting process, an indepth review of the IPPD management process, a detailed examination of current Army acquisition programs utilizing the Alpha Contracting process to determine the extent of its advantages and disadvantages, and an analysis of the cause and effect of any failed expectations of the process.; Captain, United States Army

United States Army contingency contracting operations: emerging roles, procedures, and challenges facing Contracting professionals

Barbaris, Roxanne; Callanan, Christine
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 101 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
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Joint Applied Project; This Joint Applied Project analyzed the extent to which Army leadership has acknowledged and is acting upon key improvement recommendations made by the Gansler Report (2007). This project explores roles, procedures, principles and emerging issues facing contingency contracting professionals in respect to their responsibilities in expeditionary operations. Basic principles of contingency contracting and current literature relative to Army expeditionary operations were analyzed. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with both military and civilian acquisition professionals. Additionally, researcher developed surveys were distributed amongst deployed contingency contracting officers/specialists in order to approach this topic with a 'boots on the ground' perspective. From the research conducted, recommendations are provided that the Army can implement to improve modern wartime contingency contracting and better prepare and train the contracting workforce to support future contingency operations.

Contract specialist turnover rate and contract management maturity in the National Capital Region Contracting Center: an analysis

Jeffers, Dina T.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 67 p. ; 28 cm.
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Joint Applied Project; The U.S. Army Contracting Command National Capital Region Contracting Center (ACC-NCRCC or NCRCC) incorporates the Army's Contracting Center of Excellence (CCE) and the U.S. Army Information Technology, E-Commerce and Commercial Contracting Center (ITEC4). CCE proveds contracting support to the Army Secretariat and the Army Staff. ITEC4 provides worldwide information technology contracting support and procures enterprise information technology support and equipment for Army and Department of Defense (DoD) activities (ACC, 2009, n.p.). The purpose of this research is to measure the turnover rate of the NCRCC's contract specialists, asses its contract management capability process maturity and determine if a relationship exists between the two. Research for this study consisted of collecting NCRCC contract specialist statistical data and qualifications from NCRCC Human Resources (HR) for the 12-month period observed and using it to calculate the turnover rate. The research also included deploying survey questions to the NCRCC workforce to assess its contract management process capability maturity.

A behavioral approach to meeting contingency contracting personnel requirements

Chieffo, Jacob A.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xii, 57 p. ; 28 cm.
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Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; MBA Professional Report; This project describes the incentive processes and programs affecting U.S. Army recruitment outcomes in its attempts to encourage civilian participation in deployments for contingency contracting. Major models of human motivation are analyzed in terms of possibilities for improving the shortage of civilian contingency contracting deployments identified by the Gansler Report (October 2007). Issues of incentives, employee needs, motivation, expectations, and deployment concerns, are explored to determine how to increase the quantity and quality of deployable civilians. These issues are organized in accordance with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to facilitate a model-based perspective on the Deployable Contingency Contracting Cadre (DCCC) experience. Resultant recommendations include: conduct of an official survey to enhance understanding of the target pool, improvements to the DCCC program which exert maximum control over the forces which affect participation (e.g., a Direct Support Ribbon for participants, DCCC hiring preference points, etc.), and stratification of the DCCC to provide members with a choice of risk levels and associated pay. The researcher also recommends development of distributed contingency contracting support via a "Virtual Contingency Contracting Cadre...

Assessing contract management maturity: U.S. Army Joint Munitions and Lethality Contracting Center, Army Contracting Command, Picatinny Arsenal

Puma, Kevin P.; Scherr, Beth A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 91 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
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Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Joint Applied Project; This Joint Applied Project assesses the maturity levels of the contracting processes capabilities at the Joint Munitions and Lethality (JMandL) Contracting Center, located at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey by applying the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM). The JMandL Contracting Center is one of the Army's six major contracting commands under the Army Contracting Command As a metric to measure the results of the CMMM, an analysis of the results of recent Procurement Management Reviews has been completed to determine whether the outcomes are consistent with the finding of the CMMM. Additionally, survey participants have been questioned to determine their opinions as to the reasons for reported strengths and weaknesses, as well as, suggested methodologies for improvement. Finally, these responses have been evaluated to provide opportunities to leverage best practices and knowledge sharing at both the JMandL Contracting Center and potentially with other centers within the Army Contracting Command. The successful application of the assessment tool and appropriate analysis provides an effective way to identify unique challenges and expose opportunities to improve the organization's contracting processes.; Outstanding Thesis

An evaluation of contingency contracting: past, present, and future

Starr, Stephen; Luse, Carey; Madeline, Christopher; Smith, Landon
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: 79 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
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MBA Professional Report; The purpose of this study is to identify problems that contingency contracting officers have faced in past contingencies, what problems they are facing in current contingencies, and what problems they are likely to face in the future as the nature of warfare changes in order to increase their efficiency and effectiveness. This effort was accomplished by conducting a historical analysis of contingency contracting from 1775 up to today's Operation Iraqi Freedom, with special emphasis placed on contingencies between 1990 and 2005. An evaluation of the generations of war was conducted to determine what challenges contingency contracting officers may face in the future. The results of this study revealed four main problem areas that hinder a contingency contracting officer's efficiency and effectiveness. These four areas are (1) Policy, (2) Planning, (3) Organization, and (4) Training. This study then analyzed each area to identify how it was hindering the contingency contracting officer. Recommendations ranged from developing a Joint Contingency Contracting Operations Manual to adopting a new contingency contracting structure based on the Yoder Three-Tier Model.; US Army (USA) author

The joint effects-based contracting execution system: a proposed enabling concept for future joint expeditionary contracting execution

Poree, Kelley; Curtis, Katrina; Morrill, Jeremy; Sherwood, Steven
Fonte: Monterey, California, Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California, Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; MBA Professional Report; This purpose of this Master's of Business Administration Professional Report is to deliver an enabling concept future joint expeditionary contracting execution. The Commanding General of the Joint Contracting Vommand-Iraq/Afghanistan )JCC-I/A) pioneered Effects-Based Contracting (EBC) during the Enable Civil Authority phase of Operation Iraqi Freedon to align tactical contracting efforts with the strategic objectives of the Combatant Commander's Campaign Plan. JCC-I/A accomplished this by integrating contingency contracting officers into the warfighters' operational planning cycles, linking contracting efforts with desired strategic operational effects and prioritizing contracting work based on the warfighters' main effort. This report applies components of EBC and the Systems Engineering Process (SEP), and with them, introduces the general framework for the Joint Effects-based Contracting Execution System (JEBCES), and a researcher proposed Phase-based Acquisition Capability (PBAC) to enable forward-leaning, responsive expeditionary contract support. This framework emphasizes providing the future Joint Expeditionary Contracting Force with a rapidly deployable...

Analysis of contemporary contingency contracting educational resources

Allen, Dean E.; Plys, Martin P.; Morris, Vinson B.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xxii, 169 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
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MBA Professional Report; This research project examines the problem caused by an inefficient matriculation process for contingency contracting officers that is more ad hoc than it is deliberate. The report specifically analyzes the fundamental differences among educational resources that are available to the contemporary contingency contracting officer: the Defense Acquisition University's CON 234 and CON 334, the Naval Postgraduate School's MN 3318, and the U.S. Army's Soldier's Manual of Common Tasks (51C). We examined three factors that influence how these courses prepare acquisition professionals: the relative similarities and differences among the four courses; the extent to which each course benefits contingency contracting officers of varying targeted levels of proficiency; and whether the intent of each course is met in relation to its course description and targeted audience. The analysis incorporated the use of a benchmark hierarchical model, the Yoder Three-tier Model, to differentiate the four courses' learning objectives and target audiences. Additionally, we assisted the Army's Expeditionary Contracting Command in the fielding and validation of a Proficiency Assessment Test for contingency contracting officers. Our research efforts in this regard included conducting market research of Web-based test solutions...

Analysis of alpha contracting from three perspectives: government contracting, the government program office, and industry

Quander, Angel Y.; Woppert, Jillian N.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 79 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
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Joint Applied Project; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Since it's inception as a 1990s-era acquisition reform, alpha contracting has been a collaborative effort utilized in a sole-source environment between government and industry to streamline an acquisition from beginning to end. This work examines alpha contracting from the three perspectives of the government contracting office, government program office, and industry to provide comprehensive data resulting in best practices for all participants at the Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOM). This study analyzes literature review, case studies, and the results of a survey that was distributed to members of each of the three perspectives to identify attitudes toward using alpha contracting, as well as the audience's perceptions of efficacy and self-efficacy. Also, examined through this work are the benefits, challenges and risks to each of the three perspectives. The recommendation from this project is to utilize the results of this study to improve alpha contracting at RDECOM.; Outstanding Thesis

Air Force Operational Contracting Knowledge Assessment: analyzing explicit and tacit contracting knowledge

Aufderheide, Derek; Maloy, Jeremy; Corrigan, Michael
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 93 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
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MBA Professional Report; The Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act (DAWIA) establishes education and training standards for acquisition personnel. These standards culminate into ascending levels of certification for acquisition professionals based on education, training, and experience. While the intent of DAWIA certification is to ensure acquisition professionals possess the requisite knowledge and experience to perform their duties, currently no method exists to effectively measure an individual's contracting knowledge. The Air Force Operational Contracting Knowledge Assessment (OCKA-AF) attempts to accurately assess an individual's tacit (experiential) and explicit (factual) operational contracting knowledge across the six phases of the contracting process. The assessment tool also identifies knowledge gaps between tacit and explicit knowledge. The OCKA-AF was deployed in the form of a web-based survey to two Air Force operational contracting squadrons and Air Force contracting students attending the Naval Postgraduate School. The survey results were analyzed, upon which recommendations were made to reduce existing tacit and explicit contracting knowledge gaps. Due to its knowledge assessment capability, the OCKA-AF may be beneficial to supervisors and senior contracting leadership in determining whether current training efforts are producing the desired results in knowledge capture or provide insight into areas requiring further training emphasis.; US Air Force (USAF) authors

United States Navy contracting officer warranting process

Cowans, Mark A.; Kremer, Matthew D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 145 p. ; 28 cm.
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Joint Applied Project; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The purpose of this project was to investigate how Navy contracting activities warrant the contracting officers under their purview. The FAR and DAWIA establishes minimum training, education, and experience requirements for federal contracting officers. However, most commands implement supplementary requirements. Additionally, we wanted to discover the basis for the selection criteria utilized. The goal was to discover the general, "unwritten" requirements for Navy warranting, and whether the process created inconsistencies in the contracting workforce. We expected to find that all commands set different internal procedures for warranting above DAWIA minimums. Furthermore, we expected to find ad hoc processes tailored to the organization's mission and to the individual Appointing Official. According to this research, we discovered that warranting procedures were fragmented within and across Navy contracting commands. This fragmentation could potentially lead to inconsistencies in contracting officer knowledge, abilities, and capabilities. While this project was limited in scope, it is an initial step into the much broader research area of DoD contracting officer-warranting processes.; US Navy (USN) author

Army Acquisition and Contracting Personnel requirements: how are the Army's current recruitment, development and retention programs meeting current and future personnel requirements?

Allen, Karen E.; Doran, James W.; Westbrook, Bonnie L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 144 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
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Joint Applied Project; The Defense (DoD) is realizing a current and expected future shortage in experienced acquisition and contracting personnel due, in part, to a hiring freeze in the middle 1990s and the number of personnel that are eligible to retire in the next five years. This Joint Applied Project (JAP) will focus on the Army's current acquisition and contracting personnel recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs within the Army Contracting Command (ACC), its major Centers and two subordinate commands, the Expeditionary Contracting Command (ECC) and the Mission and Installation Contracting Command (MICC). The JAP provides historical background plus information regarding current acquisition and contracting personnel recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs. To understand the current recruitment programs, personnel development programs and personnel retention programs considered by ACC, the following research questions are addressed: What are the recruitment program implementation differences among the organizations within ACC? What are the major differences in training programs among the organizations within ACC? What major retention programs are utilized among the organizations within ACC? What key acquisition personnel shortages exist within ACC? Information was gathered through the review of various sources including Government laws...