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Investigating the gap between citizens` sustainability attitudes and food purchasing behaviour: empirical evidence from Brazilian pork consumers

BARCELLOS, Marcia Dutra de; KRYSTALLIS, Athanasios; SAAB, Maria Stela de Melo; KUEGLER, Jens Oliver; GRUNERT, Klaus G.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
Consumers worldwide are increasingly concerned with sustainable production and consumption. Recently, a comprehensive study ranked 17 countries in regard to their environmentally friendly behaviour among consumers. Brazil was one of the top countries in the list. Yet, several studies highlight significant differences between consumers` intentions to consume ethically, and their actual purchase behaviour: the so-called `Attitude-Behaviour Gap`. In developing countries, few studies have been conducted on this issue. The objective of this study is therefore to investigate the gap between citizens` sustainability-related attitudes and food purchasing behaviour using empirical data from Brazil. To this end, Brazilian citizens` attitudes towards pig production systems were mapped through conjoint analysis and their coexistence with relevant pork product-related purchasing behaviour of consumers was investigated through cluster analysis. The conjoint experiment was carried Out with empirical data collected from 475 respondents surveyed in the South and Center-West regions of Brazil. The results of the conjoint analysis were used for a subsequent cluster analysis in order to identify clusters of Brazilian citizens with diversified attitudes towards pig production systems...

"Beef lovers" : um estudo cross-cultural sobre o comportamento de consumo de carne bovina

Barcellos, Marcia Dutra de; Lans, Ivo A. van der; Thompson, John
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
O objetivo principal desta tese foi testar um modelo teórico que pudesse relacionar os construtos atitude, norma subjetiva, hábito e intenção de comportamento no consumo de carne bovina. Também se propôs uma análise do impacto das emoções antecipadas (positivas e negativas), do grau de envolvimento e de diferenças culturais como variáveis moderadoras no modelo. Buscou-se ainda contribuir com a Teoria do Comportamento Planejado (Theory of Planned Bahviour – TPB, AJZEN, 1985, 1988, 1991) em estudos sobre o consumo de alimentos pela inclusão do construto hábito como um regressor independente no modelo (VERPLANKEN, 1998) e pela exclusão do construto controle percebido de comportamento (BREDAHL; GRUNERT, 1997; TOWLER; SHEPHERD, 1991/1992). Até recentemente os alimentos eram considerados simplesmente commodities, e seu estudo na área de marketing foi negligenciado por muitos anos. A abertura global dos mercados e o surgimento de novos padrões de consumo mudaram esta realidade, trazendo para a área do comportamento do consumidor tão importante discussão. No entanto, apesar da importância do agronegócio, estudos relacionando hábitos, emoções antecipadas, nível de envolvimento, cultura, atitudes, intenção e comportamento de consumo de produtos alimentares ainda são escassos no Brasil...

Consumer behaviour towards organic food in Porto Alegre : an application of the theory of planned behaviour

Hoppe, Alexia; Vieira, Luciana Marques; Barcellos, Marcia Dutra de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
O estudo investiga o processo de tomada de decisão dos consumidores, suas atitudes e valores em relação ao alimento orgânico pelo uso da Teoria do Comportamento Planejado, adaptando a metodologia de um estudo da União Europeia. Foram entrevistados 450 consumidores em supermercados e feiras ecológicas em Porto Alegre, Brasil. Os resultados indicam um grande nível de penetração e uma atitude muito positiva em relação aos produtos orgânicos. Os entrevistados acreditam que os alimentos orgânicos são mais saudáveis, saborosos, mais naturais e ambientalmente corretos, apesar de serem menos atraentes visualmente e mais caros que alimentos convencionais. Os respondentes das feiras ecológicas representam um segmento específico com valores mais orientados para questões sociais. Os resultados mostram um alinhamento entre atitude positiva e comportamento do consumidor na amostra estudada. O estudo contribui para todas as partes envolvidas na cadeia de produtos orgânicos, já que o conhecimento dos atributos mais valorizados pelos consumidores pode apoiar o varejo a coordenarem a cadeia de suprimentos, estimulando mais produtores na adesão à certificação orgânica, melhorando suas práticas produtivas e renda. Consumidores também se beneficiam da oferta de alimentos orgânicos.; The aim of this study was to investigate consumers’ decision-making process...

Consumption behaviour and persistently high inflation: evidence from Latin America

Mello Jr.,Luiz R. de; Carneiro,Francisco G.
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
A major difficulty in estimating consumption functions when prices are not fixed is the perverse effect of inflation on private consumption behaviour. This paper examines an Euler equation-type consumption function to analyse consumption behaviour in a context of persistent high inflation. The paper examines how widespread backward-looking indexation and/or partial or total currency substitution in the case of dollarisation affect private consumption behaviour. Widespread indexation and/or dollarisation are expected to create a type of insurance against adverse investment outcomes. This leads to ex post efficient risk allocation and provides an important mechanism for smoothing consumption in the presence of uninsurable income shocks, such as inflation surprises. Latin American data is used in this paper due to the recent history of chronic inflation in the region.

The role of aldehyde dehydrogenase-1 (ALDH1A1) polymorphisms in harmful alcohol consumption in a Finnish population

Lind, Penelope A; Eriksson, C J Peter; Wilhelmsen, Kirk C
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/09/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
Liver cystolic aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1A1) has been previously associated with both alcohol dependence and alcohol consumption behaviour, and has been implicated in alcohol-induced flushing and alcohol sensitivity in Caucasians. The present study tested for association between ALDH1A1 and alcohol consumption behaviour and susceptibility to problem drinking or alcohol dependence in Finnish cohorts of unrelated male subjects recruited from alcoholism clinical treatment facilities (n = 104) and from the general population (n = 201). All participants completed the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) and were genotyped for eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within or flanking ALDH1A1. To test for association between alcohol consumption behaviour and these polymorphisms, we used generalised linear models and haplotypic analysis. Three SNPs were nominally associated (rs348449, p = 0.043; rs610529, p = 0.013; rs348479, p = 0.025) with the quantitative AUDIT score, which evaluates alcohol consumption behaviour. Two-locus (rs6I0529-rs2288087) haplotype analysis increased the strength of association with AUDIT score (p = 0.00I5). Additionally, rs348449 is highly associated with problem drinking (allelic odds ratio [OR] 7.87...

Mycophilic or Mycophobic? Legislation and Guidelines on Wild Mushroom Commerce Reveal Different Consumption Behaviour in European Countries

Peintner, Ursula; Schwarz, Stefanie; Mešić, Armin; Moreau, Pierre-Arthur; Moreno, Gabriel; Saviuc, Philippe
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/05/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
Mycophiles forage for and pick vast quantities of a wide variety of wild mushroom species. As a result, mushroom intoxications are comparatively frequent in such countries with mycophiles. Thus, national governments are forced to release guidelines or enact legislation in order to ensure the safe commerce of wild mushrooms due to food safety concerns. It is in these guidelines and laws that one can observe whether a country is indeed mycophobic or mycophilic. Furthermore, these laws and guidelines provide valuable information on mushroom preferences and on the consumption habits of each country. As such we were interested in the questions as to whether mushroom consumption behaviour was different within Europe, and if it was possible to discover the typical or distinctive culinary preferences of Slavic or Romanic speaking people, people from special geographical regions or from different zones. This work is based on the analysis of edible mushroom lists available in specific guidelines or legislation related to the consumption and commerce of mushrooms in 27 European countries. The overall diversity of edible mushrooms authorised to be commercialised in Europe is very high. However, only 60 out of a total 268 fungal species can be cultivated. This highlights the importance of guidelines or legislation for the safe commerce of wild mushrooms. The species richness and composition of the mushrooms listed for commerce is very heterogeneous within Europe. The consumption behaviour is not only language-family-related...

Anticipated Guilt and Ethical Consumption: The Moderating Role of Consumers’ Socially Responsible Consumption Behaviour

Spence, Sabrina
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Recent research in the marketing literature has indicated that, while consumers’ interests in ethical products are growing, demand for such products still remains weak. Previous research has indicated that anticipated guilt can have a positive effect on ethical consumption. Thus, the objective of the current study is to investigate the moderating role of consumers’ socially responsible consumption behaviour (SRCB) on the relationship between anticipated guilt and ethical consumption. Specifically, the current study hypothesizes that, when viewing a guilt ad, high (vs. low) SRCB individuals will generate higher, ethical purchase intentions, willingness to pay an ethical premium, and attitudes toward an ethical brand. The findings from the two experimental studies indicate that, when viewing a guilt ad for an ethical product, high SRCB individuals are willing to pay a higher ethical premium and generate more favourable brand attitudes than low SRCB individuals. However, when viewing a non-guilt ad, high SRCB individuals did not differ from low SRCB individuals in their willingness to pay an ethical premium or brand attitudes. Further, consumers’ socially conscious self-identity was explored as a mediator of these effects. By understanding the moderating role that SRCB plays in the relationship between anticipated guilt and ethical consumption...

Household saving and full consumption over the life cycle

Apps, Patricia; Rees, Ray
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 217295 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
This paper extends the standard model of life cycle consumption, saving and labor supply in a number of directions. First, it argues that consumption should be defined as expenditure on household production as well as on market goods, that is, we are interested in life cycle profiles of full consumption. If this is done, several well-known puzzles concerning life cycle consumption behaviour are resolved. Secondly, we stress the importance of the heterogeneity of household behaviour in respect of female labour supply and saving, and provide evidence that these are very closely related across households. Finally, we formulate theoretical and empirical models incorporating these ideas and use them to show that policy changes, such as a reduction in the progressivity of income taxation, can have effects that contrast sharply with those suggested in the existing literature.; no

Fast-food consumption: application and extension of the theory of planned behaviour to incorporate affective responses and implicit associations.

Dunn, Kirsten
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
The consumption of energy-dense fast foods has been implicated as a causal factor in the development of obesity. The development of strategies to modify food choice behaviour requires an understanding of both the behaviour and the influencing factors (in particular, beliefs, attitudes, and social influences). The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB; Ajzen, 1988) is one of the most widely used and accepted models of the intention-behaviour relationship within the health literature (Bagozzi, Wong, Abe, & Bergami, 2000; Conner & Armitage, 1998; Sheppard, Hartwick, & Warshaw, 1988; Sutton, 1998). This thesis spans three studies, applying and extending the TPB to examine factors influencing fast-food consumption in an Australian population. The first study is a qualitative analysis examining components of the belief stage of the TPB, including behavioural outcome, normative, and control beliefs in relation to frequent fast-food consumption. Aside from details of these beliefs, which were used to develop a quantitative measure for application in the second study, the key outcomes of this study were a definition of fast food which was applied throughout each of the studies, clarification of how fast food fits within Australian lifestyles, and generation of additional information regarding other possible influences on fast-food consumption beyond those addressed by the TPB. The additional variables included for examination were affective responses to fast food...

Consumer behaviour and sensory preference differences: implications for wine product marketing

Bruwer, Johan de Wet; Saliba, Anthony; Miller, Bernadette
Fonte: Emerald Group Publishing Limited Publicador: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Purpose – Exploratory research was conducted in a well-known Australian wine region to determine the differences in the behaviour dynamics and sensory preferences of consumer groups. The overall aim is to gain some insights into the product style preferences of consumers and what this means in practical terms to wine product marketing. Design/methodology/approach – Information was obtained from a random sample of 150 visitors to ten wineries in the Yarra Valley wine region in Australia. Data were collected by means of self-administration surveys using a highly structured questionnaire at each of the winery tasting room venues. Findings – Specific differences exist in the wine consumption behaviour and sensory preferences of males and females and between generational cohorts, specifically Millennial and older consumers. Females drink less wine than males, spend less thereon but tend to “compensate” for this by buying higher priced wine per bottle, which could represent a risk-reduction strategy. Females are noticeably higher than their male counterparts in white wine consumption, showing a preference for a sweeter wine style at a young age, and reported a strong preference for medium body style wines over light and full-bodied wines. From a sensory preference viewpoint...

Hábitos sexuales y consumo de alcohol en una población universitaria española; Sexual behaviour and alcohol consumption on a spanich college student sample

Pascual Mato, Marta
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
Introducción: En nuestro país hay un alto porcentaje de jóvenes que consume alcohol. Algunos estudios han relacionado este consumo con los estilos de vida sexual en este grupo de edad. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la relación entre hábitos sexuales y consumo de alcohol en estudiantes universitarios. Diseño: estudio transversal utilizando los datos obtenidos mediante la primera encuesta del proyecto uniHcos. Análisis estadístico: como medida de asociación se utiliza la OR y su IC al 95% ajustada por edad y sexo mediante regresión logística. Resultados: Entre los resultados más importantes, encontramos un mayor riesgo de ITS en aquellos con conductas de riesgo (consumo regular, binge drinking, AUDIT >7, inicio precoz de consumo) y un pobre uso de preservativo con pareja estable, también en pareja esporádica con consumo de riesgo (AUDIT >8, consumo regular). Además, la edad de inicio precoz de relaciones sexuales se ha asociado con la mayoría de los factores de riesgo de consumo, (inicio precoz, binge drinking, AUDIT >7, consumo regular). Conclusiones: Estos resultados plantean la necesidad de incorporar nuevas estrategias preventivas sobre el consumo de alcohol y concienciar sobre el uso de preservativo en universitarios y adolescentes españoles para evitar consecuencias en su salud posterior.; Introduction: In Spain...

Experimental tests on consumption, savings and pensions

Fat??s, Enrique; Lacomba, Juan Antonio; Lagos, Francisco Miguel; Moro-Egido, Ana
Fonte: Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Teor??a e Historia Econ??mica Publicador: Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Teor??a e Historia Econ??mica
Tipo: Relatório
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
As part of the current debate on the reform of pension systems, this article examines the potential effects on consumption behaviour of implementing a lump-sum payment in a public pension system. This work explores an experimental investigation into retirement consumption behaviour with two central features: first, there exists a decreasing probability of surviving; second, there are two sequences of income, one when individual works and another when she is retired. The results show how subjects seem to plan their consumption and saving choices conditionated by both the long horizon with no incomes and the lump-sum payment. This yields, in the majority of periods, a surprising over-saving behaviour.

Residential and stock market effects on consumption across Europe.

Pacheco, Luís Miguel; Barata, José Martins
Fonte: Universidade Portucalense Publicador: Universidade Portucalense
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
The aim of this paper is to explain private consumption as a function of income and wealth with data from European Union countries. To examine how the developments in housing and stock markets may have affected consumption behaviour, we adopt two econo- metric procedures. First, we use the Stock–Watson procedure to account for wealth effects on consumption over the long run. Second, through an error-correction model we measure wealth effects on consumption over the short run. We found significant albeit mixed values for the long-run elasticities of consumption with respect to real residential and equity prices. We also found strong evidence that consumption exhibits error-correction behaviour in the short run, with the value of the error-correction term signifying that household consumption takes several quarters to completely respond to changes in the markets.

Household characteristics and consumption behaviour: a nonparametric approach

Delgado, Miguel A.; Miles, Daniel
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /05/1996 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
In this paper we apply nonparametric methods in order to discuss sorne empirical aspects of household consumption behaviour. First, we study the differences in the consumption behaviour between household types. We find that, except for food, there are no elear significant differences. Secondly, we derive the functional form for the food Engel curve, using specification tests consistent in the direction of nonparametric alternatives. Finally, we use this specification to discuss the misleading conelusions that could be reached from a mechanic interpretation of the rejection of Hausman's test, when applied to test the exogeneity of expenditure. The data is obtained from the Spanish Expenditure Survey 1980-81 and 1990-91.

Household Characteristics and Consumption Behaviour: A Nonparametric Approach

Delgado, Miguel A.; Miles, Daniel
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/plain; application/pdf
Publicado em /09/1997 ENG; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
In this paper we apply nonparametric methods in order to discuss some empirical aspects of household consumption behaviour. First, we study the differences in the consumption behaviour between household types. We find that, except for food, there are no clear significant differences. Secondly, we derive the functional form for the food Engel curve, using specification tests consistent in the direction of nonparametric alternatives. Finally, we use this specification to discuss the misleading conclusions that could be reached from a mechanic interpretation of the rejection of Hausman's test, when applied to test the exogeneity of expenditure. The data is obtained from the Spanish Expenditure Survey 1980?81 and 1990?91.

Wine purchase and consumption in Portugal - an exploratory analysis of young adults' motives/attitudes and purchase attributes; Compra e consumo de vinho em Portugal - uma análise exploratória das motivações/atitudes e atributos de compra dos jovens adultos

Duarte, Filomena; Madeira, Joana; Barreira, Maria Madalena
Fonte: Estação Vitivinicola Nacional Publicador: Estação Vitivinicola Nacional
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
This study, exploratory in nature, examines how motives/attitudes, purchase and consumption behaviour, as well as extrinsic attributes for wine choice, of Portuguese young adult’s (aged less than 35 years), differ from other age segments. With this aim an online survey was used, resulting in 1160 usable responses. Using factor and cluster analysis, based on motivation/attitudes towards wine consumption, four segments were obtained: “Enthusiast”, “Regular”, “Infrequent” and “Convivial” wine drinkers. Results show that despite some similarities, young adults (more represent in the two last clusters), particularly those under 24 years, show signifi cant differences concerning the analysed factors.

Consumer behaviour towards organic food in porto alegre: an application of the theory of planned behaviour

Hoppe,Alexia; Vieira,Luciana Marques; Barcellos,Marcia Dutra de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Economia e Sociologia Rural Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Economia e Sociologia Rural
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
The aim of this study was to investigate consumers' decision-making process, attitudes and values towards organic food throughout the employment of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, adapting the methodology from a European project. 450 consumers were interviewed at supermarkets and farmers' markets in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Results indicate a high penetration level and very positive attitude towards organic products. Organics are believed to be healthier, tastier, more natural and environmental friendly, although being less attractive and more expensive than conventional food. Respondents from the farmers' market represent a specific segment whose values are more oriented toward society. The findings showed an alignment between positive attitude and consumption behaviour among the surveyed consumers. The study finally contributes to the stakeholders in general, since the knowledge of the attributes more valued by consumers can help retailers to play the role of coordinators of this supply chain, stimulating producers to adhere to organic certification, helping them to upgrade their production practices and improve their income. Consumers are also benefiting from this offer in the market.

Buyer and consumer's portuguese "quality wine" behaviour

Duarte, M. F.; Ruivo, Paula Lúcia
Fonte: Instituto da Vinha e do Vinho Publicador: Instituto da Vinha e do Vinho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //1998 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
The main purpose of this paper is to present and discuss the results of a regional survey on buyer and consumer's behaviour. Results allow us to identify consuming buyer patterns and relate them to consumer's attitudes and caracteristics such as age, sex and educacional levels.They also suggest some important variables than can be used to differentiate portuguese "Quality Wines Produced in Specified Regions" (QWPSR) and are potencial material to develop satrategies, useful to the new "quality wine" regions, particulary giving references for a segmentation process or even for the creation of communicational plans for each region or brand. This set of co-ordinated information, allows a better assessment of the Portuguese consumer's preferences. The research tries also to determine and discuss the positioning of the Portuguese QWPSR, as well as the opportunities that may be used by wine makers, the threats they might eliminate and the usefulness of constructing a good marketing plan. This survey was conducted in the the so called Grande Lisboa, in 1996, and the data were treated by using market research statistical techniques.

Wine purchase and consumption in Portugal - an exploratory analysis of young adults’ motives/attitudes and purchase attributes

Duarte,Filomena; Madeira,Joana; Barreira,Mª Madalena
Fonte: INIAV - DOIS PORTOS (Ex-Estação Vitivinícola Nacional) Publicador: INIAV - DOIS PORTOS (Ex-Estação Vitivinícola Nacional)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
This study, exploratory in nature, examines how motives/attitudes, purchase and consumption behaviour, as well as extrinsic attributes for wine choice, of Portuguese young adult’s (aged less than 35 years), differ from other age segments. With this aim an online survey was used, resulting in 1160 usable responses. Using factor and cluster analysis, based on motivation/attitudes towards wine consumption, four segments were obtained: “Enthusiast”, “Regular”, “Infrequent” and “Convivial” wine drinkers. Results show that despite some similarities, young adults (more represent in the two last clusters), particularly those under 24 years, show signifi cant differences concerning the analysed factors.

The impact of electricity crises on the consumption behaviour of small and medium enterprises

Von Ketelhodt,A; Wöcke,A
Fonte: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Publicador: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) will play a key role in future economic and social strategies in South Africa. However, we find that SMEs are particularly vulnerable to shocks in their external environment due to a general lack of skills and resources. This is critical as the future demand for electricity in South Africa is likely to outstrip supply and electricity will become increasingly unreliable and expensive. We surveyed 250 SMEs in Cape Town and found that the prevailing policy methods of changing electricity consumption behaviour: information campaigns, increasing prices, and providing rebates for energy savings, have had limited results and are unsustainable when applied to SMEs.