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Co-existing squamous cell carcinoma and hemangioma on the ocular surface of a cat

PERLMANN, Eduardo; SILVA, Enry Garcia da; GUEDES, Pedro Mancini; BARROS, Paulo Sergio de Moraes
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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A 14-year-old spayed female domestic short-haired cat was presented for evaluation of a mass in the right eye. Ophthalmic examination revealed a blind right eye and presence of two distinct masses: a pink and a red-to-brown mass, the latter occupying most of the cornea and part of the conjunctiva. Exenteration was performed under general anesthesia, and the ocular tissues were processed routinely for histopathology. Upon microscopic examination, a malignant epithelial neoplasm and a benign vascular neoplasm were present in the cornea. The conjunctiva and the third eyelid were also affected. Upon immunohistochemistry, the epithelial tumor was positive for cytokeratin and negative for vimentin and the endothelial tumor was negative for cytokeratin and positive for vimentin. A diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and hemangioma was made. The SCC was affecting the cornea, bulbar conjunctiva (lateral and inferior) and the base of the third eyelid, whereas the hemangioma was affecting the cornea and medial limbus. To the authors` knowledge, this is the first report of concomitant SCC and hemangioma affecting the ocular surface in a cat.

Alterações conjuntivais induzidas por análogos das prostaglandinas e maleato de timolol: estudo histomorfométrico; Conjunctival changes induced by prostaglandin analogues and timolol maleate: a histomorphometric study

Giacometti, Heloisa Helena Abil Russ
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/09/2007 PT
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O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar alterações histológicas induzidas por análogos de prostaglandinas e maleato de timolol na conjuntiva de coelhos. Cinqüenta coelhas da raça Nova Zelândia com idade e peso semelhantes foram divididos em cinco grupos de dez animais. Os olhos esquerdos foram tratados com uma gota diária de bimatoprosta 0,03%, travoprosta 0,004%, latanoprosta 0,005%, maleato de timolol 0,5% ou lágrimas artificiais contendo cloreto de benzalcônio (CBA) durante 30 dias. Os olhos contra-laterais serviram como controles. Realizaram-se biópsias na conjuntiva limbar superior com dimensões de 5 mm x 5 mm no oitavo e trigésimo dias em cinco coelhos de cada grupo. A conjuntiva foi imediatamente fixada com formaldeído a 10% por 24 horas, seguido de coloração por Hematoxilina-Eosina (HE) e Ácido Periódico de Shiff (PAS) e avaliação qualitativa por microscopia óptica. A avaliação histo-morfométrica quantitativa foi realizada usando o programa Image Pro-Plus 4.5. Os parâmetros avaliados foram: infiltrado inflamatório, espessura epitelial, número de células caliciformes, diâmetro e número de vasos sanguíneos. Observou-se leve infiltrado inflamatório focal no tecido conectivo subepitelial nos olhos controle e do grupo CBA...

Efeitos de níveis elevados de poluição atmosférica na superfície ocular de controladores de tráfego e taxistas na cidade de São Paulo; Effects of high levels of environmental air pollution on ocular surface of traffic controllers and taxi drivers in Sao Paulo city

Torricelli, André Augusto Miranda
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/06/2013 PT
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Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos de níveis altos de poluição ambiental do ar na superfície ocular de controladores de tráfego e taxistas da cidade de São Paulo, incluindo avaliação de sinais e sintomas, da osmolaridade lacrimal e da quantidade de células caliciformes obtidas na citologia de impressão conjunctival. Verificar a correlação destes achados entre si e com os níveis de dióxido de nitrogênio (NO2), e de material particulado menor que 2,5 ?m (PM2,5) a que foram expostos. Métodos: Taxistas e controladores de tráfego de São Paulo, Brasil participaram do estudo. Foram mensuradas as médias individuais de 24 horas de exposição ao NO2 e ao PM2,5 em quatro diferentes ocasiões. Na primeira e terceira visitas, os indivíduos foram submetidos ao questionário Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), avaliação na lâmpada de fenda, estimação do tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal (TRFL), teste de Schirmer e tingimento com corantes vitais da córnea e conjuntiva. Na segunda e quartas visitas, amostras de lágrima foram coletadas do olho direito para análise da osmolaridade, enquanto amostras de citologias de impressão conjuntivais foram coletadas do olho esquerdo. Para estimar os efeitos dos poluentes (PM2,5 e NO2) nos desfechos ao longo do período do estudo adotamos equações de estimativas generalizadas considerando efeitos fixos para medidas repetidas. Correlações entre os níveis de NO2 ou PM2...

Immunohistochemical expression of HLA-DR in the conjunctiva of patients under topical prostaglandin analogs treatment

Rodrigues, Maria de Lourdes Veronese; Felipe Crosta, Daniela Pereira Da Silva; Soares, Christiane Pienna; Deghaide, Neifi Hassam Saloum; Duarte, Roberta; Sakamoto, Fabiano S.; Furtado, João Marcello Fortes; Paula, Jayter Silva; Donadi, Eduardo Antonio; S
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 197-200
ENG
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PURPOSE: Subclinical inflammation may be observed in patients using topical antiglaucomatous drugs. The objective of this study was to investigate inflammation in conjunctiva of glaucoma patients using prostaglandin analogs, by the detection of an immunogenetic marker (HLA-DR) and compare the effect of 3 different drugs: latanoprost, bimatoprost, and travoprost in the induction of this inflammation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with primary open-angle glaucoma were evaluated without and with prostaglandin analogs topical therapy. Imprints of conjunctival cells were obtained, fixed on glass slides, and prepared for immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: Before the use of prostaglandin analogs, 4 of the 33 patients evaluated presented expression of HLA-DR in the conjunctiva (mild). After 1 month on prostaglandin analog treatment, all but 1 patient presented HLA-DR staining. HLA-DR expression of these 32 patients was scored as mild (19 patients), medium (11 patients), or intense (2 patients). The differences were statistically significant both when the presence and the increased expression of HLA-DR were considered (P<0.001). When the 3 different groups were analyzed (latanoprost, bimatoprost, and travoprost) no statistically significant difference was found (P=0.27). CONCLUSIONS: The use of prostaglandin analogs eye drops provokes a subclinical inflammatory reaction...

Frequency of different human mollicutes species in the mucosa of the oropharynx, conjunctiva, and genitalia of free-ranging and captive capuchin monkeys (Cebus spp.)

Neto, Renata L.; Marques, Lucas M.; Guimarães, Ana Márcia S.; Yamaguti, Mauricio; Oliveira, Rosangela C.; Gaetti-Jardim Jr, Elerson; Medina, Aziz O.; Sanfilippo, Luis F.; Timenetsky, Jorge
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Outros Formato: 973-978
ENG
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This study is the first to evaluate the occurrence of several Mollicutes species in Brazilian capuchin monkeys (Cebus spp.). Mollicutes were detected by culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in samples of the oropharyngeal, conjuctiva, and genital mucosae of 58 monkeys. In the oropharynx, Mollicutes in general (generic PCR to the Class), and those of the genus Ureaplasma (genus PCR), were detected in 72.4% and 43.0% of the samples, respectively. The identified species in this site included: Mycoplasma arginini (43.1%), M. salivarium (41.4%), and M. pneumoniae (19.0%). Both Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma are genera of the order Mycoplasmatales. In the preputial/vaginal mucosa, PCR detected Mollicutes in general in 27.58% of the samples, the genus Ureaplasma in 32.7%, the species M. arginini in 8.6%, and Acholeplasma laidlawii of the order Acholeplasmatales in 1.7% In the conjunctiva, Mollicutes in general were detected in 29.3% of the samples, with 1.7% being identified as A. laidlawii. Culturing was difficult due to contamination, but two isolates were successfully obtained. The Mollicutes species of this study provided new insights into these bacteria in Brazilian Cebus. Studies are lacking of the actual risk of Mollicutes infection or the frequency at which primates serve as permanent or temporary reservoirs for Mollicutes. In the present study...

Dry eye evaluation and immunohistochemical study of the conjunctiva and lacrimal gland of patients submitted to bone marrow transplantation

Cunha,Rosana Nogueira Pires da; Campos,Mauro; Dulley,Frederico Luis; Rojas,Bianca; Foster,Charles Stephen
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 EN
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PURPOSE: The primary ocular targets of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) are the lacrimal gland (LG) and the conjunctiva, and their involvement results in keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of signs and symptoms of KCS present in patients submitted to BMT, to identify the cellular phenotype of the conjunctival and lacrimal gland biopsies of these patients by immunohistochemistry and to correlate the findings with the presence of dry eye due to GVHD. METHODS: Forty-seven patients were clinically classified into two groups: Group I, with ocular GVHD, submitted to allogeneic BMT and Group II, without ocular GVHD, submitted to autologous and allogeneic BMT. Thorough eye examination, including clinical lacrimal function tests and biopsies of the conjunctiva and of the LG were performed in the pre- and posttransplantation period. The biopsies were submitted to immunohistochemical analysis using a panel of monoclonal antibodies. RESULTS: Of the 28 (82.4%) patients with chronic GVHD, 13 (46.4%) presented ocular GVHD. Of the six patients without GVHD, one (16.7%) presented ocular GVHD. None of those submitted to autologous BMT presented ocular GVHD and 14 (41.2%) of 34 patients with allogeneic BMT presented ocular GVHD. All patients with ocular GVHD (Group I) had symptoms and the most frequent were burning...

Conjunctival changes induced by prostaglandin analogues and timolol maleate: a histomorphometric study

Russ,Heloisa Helena Abil; Costa,Vital Paulino; Ferreira,Fabiano Montiani; Valgas,Sílvia Regina; Correa Neto,Mario Adolfo; Strobel,Eduardo von Linsingen; Truppel,Jessé Henrique
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 EN
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PURPOSE: To compare histological changes induced by antiglaucoma medications in the rabbit conjunctiva. METHODS: Fifty New Zealand rabbits were divided in 5 groups of 10 animals. The left eyes were treated daily with one drop of bimatoprost 0.03%, travoprost 0.004%, latanoprost 0.005%, timolol maleate 0.5% or artificial tears containing benzalkonium chloride (BAK) for 30 days. The right eyes served as controls. Superior limbic conjunctival biopsies were performed at the 8th and 30th day in 5 rabbits of each group. The conjunctiva was fixed with 10% formaldehyde, followed by HE and PAS staining. Morphohistometric quantitative analyses were performed to evaluate the following parameters: inflammatory infiltrate, epithelial thickness, number of goblet cells, diameter and number of blood vessels. RESULTS: At the 8th and 30th posttreatment days, all groups, except one that received artificial tears, exhibited a diffuse inflammatory infiltrate, composed by lymphocytes and neutrophils, which was denser in the timolol group than in the prostaglandin (PG) analogues groups. At the 30th day, the timolol group also showed an increased subepithelial collagen density and a significant increase in epithelial thickness (p=0.0035). The goblet cell density was significantly increased at the 8th day in the group treated with travoprost (p=0.0006)...

Incidence of epithelial lesions of the conjunctiva in a review of 12,102 specimens in Canada (Quebec)

Alves,Luiz Filipe de Albuquerque; Fernandes,Bruno Franco; Burnier,Julia Valdemarin; Zoroquiain,Pablo; Eskenazi,Demian Temponi; Burnier Jr,Miguel Noel
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 EN
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PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the relative frequency of epithelial lesions of the conjunctiva in Canada. METHODS: A retrospective study of 12,102 consecutive cases received during 16 years (1993-2009) at the Henry C. Witelson Ocular Pathology Laboratory in Montreal, Canada, was performed. Demographic data was retrieved from histopathological request forms and specimens were categorized and analyzed by mean percentage. The relative frequency of epithelial lesions of the conjunctiva from a single center in Canada, representing the province of Quebec was reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 12,102 specimens reviewed, 273 were conjunctival lesions (2.25%), including 86 epithelial tumors (0.71%) of the conjunctiva that comprised the studied sample. The average age of these patients was 59.9 ± 17.6 years, and gender distribution was 66 (69%) males and 30 (31%) females. Fifteen lesions (17.4%) were classified as squamous cell papillomas (mean age, 57.3 ± 16.7 years). Within the ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) spectrum, there were 10 (11.6%) actinic keratosis (63.8 ± 17.6 years), 27 (31.3%) cases of conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) with variable degrees of atypia (mild to moderate) (63.9 ± 15.3 years), 15 (17.4%) carcinomas in situ (66.7 ± 18.0 years)...

Aerobic bacterial microbiota of the conjunctiva in diabetic patients with normal and altered glycated hemoglobin levels in two regions in Brazil

Moreno,Natalia Pimentel; Moreno,Renaldo Duarte; Sousa,Luciene Barbosa
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Purpose: To study the aerobic bacterial microbiota of the conjunctiva in diabetic patients with regard to the management of diabetes, assessed using glycated hemoglobin levels. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using conjunctival smears of diabetic patients from both sexes and with different ages, residing in two different Brazilian cities (Sorocaba and Rio Branco). A control group of non-diabetic patients was also included. The diabetic patients were considered to have controlled diabetes when their glycated hemoglobin level was ≤7% and blood glucose level was ≤126 mg/dL. Patients with non-controlled diabetes were those with glycated hemoglobin levels >7% and blood glucose levels >126 mg/dL. The samples obtained were inoculated in Brain-Heart Infusion broth and in culture media for aerobic bacteria (blood and chocolate agars); bacterial growth was evaluated in a microbiology laboratory. Results: A total of 120 eyes of 120 patients were included in the present study. The percentage of cultures in which bacterial growth was observed was greater in diabetic patients, although the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.103). There was a greater trend toward bacterial growth in the conjunctiva of diabetic patients with altered fasting blood glucose. There was no difference in the frequency of bacterial growth on the conjunctiva between diabetic patients with normal or altered glycated hemoglobin levels. In Sorocaba...

Detection of human papillomavirus in epithelial lesions of the conjunctiva

Palazzi,Maristela Amaral; Erwenne,Clélia Maria; Villa,Luísa Lina
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2000 EN
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CONTEXT: Many factors like exposure to UV radiation, climatic conditions, genetic predisposition, immunological state and, more recently, the presence of HPV have been implicated in the genesis of some lesions of the conjunctiva, especially the carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of HPV DNA in acquired lesions of the conjunctiva and in normal mucosa. TYPE OF STUDY: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A public university referral center (the Ophthalmology Service of the A.C. Camargo Hospital - A. Prudente Foundation, São Paulo). PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients with acquired lesions of the conjunctiva and 60 matched controls (by age and sex) were evaluated in this study, from June 1993 to March 1995. PROCEDURES: The detection of HPV DNA in the normal conjunctiva and in acquired lesions was done by the PCR technique and dot blot hybridization. The material was collected by scraping the normal mucosa and the surface of the lesions. A fragment of fresh frozen tissue and paraffin embedded specimens of each lesion were also included. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: The association between the HPV infection and the presence or absence of conjunctival lesions. RESULTS: Sequences of HPV DNA were detected in 4 of the 31 lesions evaluated (12.9%) and in the healthy mucosa of one individual of the control group (1.6%). HPV type 16 was detected in 2 carcinomas and in the normal mucosa of one individual of the control group. HPV type 11 was demonstrated in 2 papillomas of one patient with lesions in both eyes. CONCLUSIONS: The low frequency of HPV DNA found in the lesions of this sample and the detection of the viral genome in the normal mucosa indicate that there is a weak possibility of association between HPV infection and the carcinoma of the conjunctiva.

Staining of the conjunctiva and conjunctival tear film.

Eliason, J A; Maurice, D M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1990 EN
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Both the distribution of tear fluid over the conjunctiva and any injury to the conjunctival epithelium can be made visible by instilling a fluorescent solution into the eye and observing with an appropriate combination of excitation and barrier filters. Sulphorhodamine B, which has an orange fluorescence that can be separated from the green natural fluorescence of the ocular tissues, gives a greater contrast than fluorescein. The tear film is seen to cover the surface of the conjunctiva and to be concentrated in its folds. Small circular areas of thin tear film appear transiently in the neighbourhood of the limbus after a blink. Occasional cells stain on the normal conjunctiva, particularly in the interpalpebral area. The density of the staining increases in dry eye conditions. Conjunctival trauma is sensitively revealed by the method, and its healing can be followed. Hard contact lenses are seen to traumatize continually the inferior limbal conjunctiva in symptomless wearers.

Cellular inflammatory response induced by sensory denervation of the conjunctiva in monkeys

Oduntan, Alabi O
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2005 EN
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The inflammatory response induced by sensory denervation of the cornea, neuroparalytic (neurotrophic) keratitis, has been widely reported in the literature. Clinical evidence has shown that the conjunctiva also responds to sensory denervation, but little is known of the cytology of the conjunctival tissue response to denervation. The purpose of this study therefore was to investigate the cytological aspects of tissue response induced in the conjunctiva of monkeys by sensory denervation. Intracranial ophthalmic neurotomy was carried out in three monkeys, maxillary neurotomy in four, combined ophthalmic and maxillary neurotomy in two, and infraorbital nerve transaction in one monkey. These various operations were performed for other experimental purposes, but the conjunctival tissues from the animals were suitable and available to study the cytology of the inflammatory response induced in the tissue following the sensory denervation. The cytological changes were studied using light microscopy. Complete or severe ophthalmic nerve transection induced significant inflammatory responses, which were largely confined to the tarsal region of the conjunctiva. The responses included a substantial increase in the infiltration of the epithelium by polymorphonuclear leucocytes and severe disruption of the epithelium. The number of macrophages in the conjunctiva also increased. The response induced by maxillary denervation...

Adenoid squamous carcinoma of the conjunctiva—a clinicopathological study of 14 cases

Mauriello, J.; Abdelsalam, A.; McLean, I.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1997 EN
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AIMS—In order to determine the clinicopathological features and optimum management of a series of patients with adenoid squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva, all cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the conjunctiva and cornea on file in the registry of the ophthalmic pathology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology were reviewed.
METHODS—On histopathological examination, a predominant adenoid or pseudoglandular pattern due to islands of neoplastic squamous or epidermoid cells surrounded by acantholytic cells was necessary for inclusion in the study. Histochemical and transmission electron microscopic studies (TEM) were performed. Clinical features of all the patients were extracted from the charts.
RESULTS—The anatomical location of the 14 tumours was corneoscleral limbus (seven patients) and bulbar conjunctiva (seven patients). Eight patients presented with inflammatory signs and irritation (red eye, tearing, foreign body sensation), while six patients developed a slowly growing, painless mass. Histochemical and TEM studies showed extracellular hyaluronic acid and no intracellular mucin. Of the two patients initially treated by enucleation, one was free of disease after 2 years while the second patient had recurrence in the socket and died of brain metastases despite wide orbital excision and radiotherapy. All five patients with recurrent tumours initially had irritated red eyes and two required enucleation. One such patient...

Gefarnate increases PAS positive cell density in rabbit conjunctiva

Nakamura, M.; Endo, K.; Nakata, K.; Hamano, T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1998 EN
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AIMS—The effects of three drugs for the treatment of gastritis and gastric ulcer—gefarnate, ecabet sodium, and troxipide—on periodic acid Schiff (PAS) positive cell density in rabbit conjunctiva in vivo were investigated.
METHODS—Eye drops containing gefarnate (0.1%, 1%), ecabet sodium (0.1%, 1%), or troxipide (0.1%, 1%) were instilled in both eyes of rabbits, six times a day for 7 days. On the eighth day, filter paper was gently pressed on the bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva, and impression cytology was performed with PAS staining. Three points in each specimen were selected randomly, and PAS stained cells were counted.
RESULTS—The instillation of gefarnate increased PAS positive cell density significantly at the concentration of 1% (p <0.05). In contrast, instillation of ecabet sodium or troxipide failed to change PAS positive cell density.
CONCLUSIONS—These results demonstrated that gefarnate stimulates PAS positive cell density in rabbit conjunctiva. 

 Keywords: gefarnate; goblet cell; mucin; conjunctiva; rabbit

Epithelial Hyperproliferation and Transglutaminase 1 Gene Expression in Stevens-Johnson Syndrome Conjunctiva

Nishida, Kohji; Yamanishi, Kiyofumi; Yamada, Keiko; Dota, Atsuyoshi; Kawasaki, Satoshi; Quantock, Andrew J.; Kinoshita, Shigeru
Fonte: American Society for Investigative Pathology Publicador: American Society for Investigative Pathology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1999 EN
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In Stevens-Johnson syndrome, pathological keratinization of the ordinarily nonkeratinized corneal and conjunctival mucosal epithelia results in severe visual loss. We examined conjunctiva covering cornea in five eyes in the chronic cicatricial phase of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Normal conjunctiva from five age-matched individuals was studied also. The number of epithelial cells in Stevens-Johnson syndrome conjunctiva that were immunoreactive with a monoclonal antibody, Ki-67, to a nuclear antigen found only in proliferating cells was greater than normal (93.8 ± 19.8 cells above 100 basal cells versus 12.8 ± 0.5 cells above 100 basal cells; P = 0.009). In addition, although clinical inflammation was mild, massive lymphocytic infiltration was seen in the substantia propria of conjunctiva covering cornea. In situ hybridization documented transglutaminase 1 (keratinocyte transglutaminase) mRNA in suprabasal cells of the abnormally thickened conjunctival epithelium in all Stevens-Johnson syndrome patients. In contrast, no message was detected in normal conjunctival or corneal epithelia. Transglutaminase 1 is expressed during the terminal differentiation of keratinocytes where it helps synthesize cornified cell envelopes. We speculate that in Stevens-Johnson syndrome...

Functional Foxp3+ CD4+ CD25(Bright+) “Natural” Regulatory T Cells Are Abundant in Rabbit Conjunctiva and Suppress Virus-Specific CD4+ and CD8+ Effector T Cells during Ocular Herpes Infection▿

Nesburn, Anthony B.; Bettahi, Ilham; Dasgupta, Gargi; Chentoufi, Alami Aziz; Zhang, Xiuli; You, Sylvaine; Morishige, Naoyuki; Wahlert, Andrew J.; Brown, Donald J.; Jester, James V.; Wechsler, Steven L.; BenMohamed, Lbachir
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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We studied the phenotype and distribution of “naturally” occurring CD4+ CD25+ T regulatory cells (CD4+ CD25+ nTreg cells) resident in rabbit conjunctiva, the main T-cell inductive site of the ocular mucosal immune system, and we investigated their suppressive capacities using herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-specific effector T (Teff) cells induced during ocular infection. The expression of CD4, CD25, CTLA4, GITR, and Foxp3 was examined by reverse transcription-PCR, Western blotting, and fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis in CD45+ pan-leukocytes isolated from conjunctiva, spleen, and peripheral blood monocyte cells (PBMC) of HSV-1-infected and uninfected rabbits. Normal conjunctiva showed a higher frequency of CD4+ CD25(Bright+) T cells than did spleen and PBMC. These cells expressed high levels of Foxp3, GITR, and CTLA4 molecules. CD4+ CD25(Bright+) T cells were localized continuously along the upper and lower palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, throughout the epithelium and substantia propria. Conjunctiva-derived CD4+ CD25(Bright+) T cells, but not CD4+ CD25(low) T cells, efficiently suppressed HSV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ Teff cells. The CD4+ CD25(Bright+) T-cell-mediated suppression was effective on both peripheral blood and conjunctiva infiltrating Teff cells and was cell-cell contact dependent but independent of interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor β. Interestingly...

Xenogeneic Acellular Conjunctiva Matrix as a Scaffold of Tissue-Engineered Corneal Epithelium

Zhao, Haifeng; Qu, Mingli; Wang, Yao; Wang, Zhenyu; Shi, Weiyun
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Amniotic membrane-based tissue-engineered corneal epithelium has been widely used in the reconstruction of the ocular surface. However, it often degrades too early to ensure the success of the transplanted corneal epithelium when treating patients with severe ocular surface disorders. In the present study, we investigated the preparation of xenogeneic acellular conjunctiva matrix (aCM) and evaluated its efficacy and safety as a scaffold of tissue-engineered corneal epithelium. Native porcine conjunctiva was decellularized with 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) for 12 h at 37°C and sterilized via γ-irradiation. Compared with native conjunctiva, more than 92% of the DNA was removed, and more than 90% of the extracellular matrix components (glycosaminoglycan and collagen) remained after the decellularization treatment. Compared with denuded amniotic membrane (dAM), the aCM possessed favorable optical transmittance, tensile strength, stability and biocompatibility as well as stronger resistance to degradation both in vitro and in vivo. The corneal epithelial cells seeded on aCM formed a multilayered epithelial structure and endured longer than did those on dAM. The aCM-based tissue-engineered corneal epithelium was more effective in the reconstruction of the ocular surface in rabbits with limbal stem cell deficiency. These findings support the application of xenogeneic acellular conjunctiva matrix as a scaffold for reconstructing the ocular surface.

Molecular and Phenotypic Characterization of Staphylococcus epidermidis Isolates from Healthy Conjunctiva and a Comparative Analysis with Isolates from Ocular Infection

Flores-Páez, Luis A.; Zenteno, Juan C.; Alcántar-Curiel, María D.; Vargas-Mendoza, Carlos F.; Rodríguez-Martínez, Sandra; Cancino-Diaz, Mario E.; Jan-Roblero, Janet; Cancino-Diaz, Juan C.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/08/2015 EN
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Staphylococcus epidermidis is a common commensal of healthy conjunctiva and it can cause endophthalmitis, however its presence in conjunctivitis, keratitis and blepharitis is unknown. Molecular genotyping of S. epidermidis from healthy conjunctiva could provide information about the origin of the strains that infect the eye. In this paper two collections of S. epidermidis were used: one from ocular infection (n = 62), and another from healthy conjunctiva (n = 45). All isolates were genotyped by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST), staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec), detection of the genes icaA, icaD, IS256 and polymorphism type of agr locus. The phenotypic data included biofilm production and antibiotic resistance. The results displayed 61 PFGE types from 107 isolates and they were highly discriminatory. MLST analysis generated a total of 25 STs, of which 11 STs were distributed among the ocular infection isolates and lineage ST2 was the most frequent (48.4%), while 14 STs were present in the healthy conjunctiva isolates and lineage ST5 was the most abundant (24.4%). By means of a principal coordinates analysis (PCoA) and a discriminant analysis (DA) it was found that ocular infection isolates had as discriminant markers agr III or agr II...

Identification of Human Herpesvirus 8 Sequences in Conjunctiva Intraepithelial Neoplasia and Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Ugandan Patients

Starita, Noemy; Annunziata, Clorinda; Waddell, Keith M.; Buonaguro, Luigi; Buonaguro, Franco M.; Tornesello, Maria Lina
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa with temporal trends similar to those of Kaposi sarcoma (KS). Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV8), has not yet been investigated in conjunctiva tumors. In this study biopsies and PBMCs of conjunctiva neoplasia patients along with nonneoplastic conjunctiva tissues have been analyzed for HHV8 sequences by PCR targeting ORF26. All amplimers were subjected to nucleotide sequencing followed by phylogenetic analysis. HHV8 DNA has been identified in 12 out of 48 (25%) HIV-positive, and in 2 out of 24 (8.3%) HIV-negative conjunctiva neoplastic tissues and in 4 out of 33 (12.1%) PBMC samples from conjunctiva neoplasia diseased patients as well as in 4 out of 60 (6.7%) nontumor conjunctiva tissues. The viral load ranged from 1 to 400 copies/105 cells. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the majority of HHV8 ORF26 amplimers clustered with subtypes R (n = 11) and B2 (n = 6). This variant distribution is in agreement with that of HHV8 variants previously identified in Ugandan KS cases. The presence of HHV8 in conjunctiva tumors from HIV-positive patients warrants further studies to test whether HHV8 products released by infected cells may have paracrine effects on the growth of conjunctiva lesions.

Metastatic tumours to the conjunctiva: report of 10 cases.

Kiratli, H; Shields, C L; Shields, J A; DePotter, P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1996 EN
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AIMS/BACKGROUND: Ten patients with metastatic tumours to the conjunctiva and the clinical aspects of this rare form of ocular metastasis are described in this study. METHOD: All patients with ocular and adnexal metastatic tumours referred to an ocular oncology service were reviewed and those having conjunctival metastases were studied for the site of their primary tumour, clinical features, and treatment of the conjunctival tumour, associated ocular and systemic findings, and the patients' outcome. RESULTS: The primary malignancy was carcinoma of the breast in four, lung cancer in two, laryngeal carcinoma in one, cutaneous melanoma in two, and unknown in one patient. The conjunctival metastases appeared after the primary tumour over a mean period of 44 (8-130) months. They were solitary in eight cases, located in bulbar conjunctiva in six, palpebral conjunctiva in two, and in limbus and forniceal conjunctiva in one patient each. The tumour was yellow in colour in seven patients, red in two, and brown in one. Eight patients also had metastases to other ocular structures. Seven patients received external beam radiotherapy to the affected eye, two were managed by excisional biopsy, and one with chemotherapy. The mean survival after the diagnosis of conjunctival metastasis was nine (range 2-26) months. CONCLUSION: Metastatic tumours to the conjunctiva appear at an advanced stage of the systemic disease when there are other ocular and organ metastases. The presence of a conjunctival mass in a patient with a prior systemic cancer should alert the ophthalmologist to the possibility of a conjunctival metastasis and evaluation should be pursued.