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Inovação, governabilidade e protagonismo de pessoas-chave na Área de Proteção Ambiental da Baleia Franca (Santa Catarina, Brasil); Innovation, governability and agency of key-people at Baleia Franca Environmental Protection Area (Santa Catarina state, Brazil)

Leopoldo Cavaleri Gerhardinger
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/10/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
Esta tese versa sobre o papel de pessoas-chave e inovações institucionais na governança, com efeitos na capacidade de governar (governabilidade) áreas marinhas protegidas. Apresentamos um estudo de caso empírico sobre o litoral centro-sul do Estado de Santa Catarina (Brasil) onde indicações preliminares (2007) apontavam que a governabilidade sobre o território se destacava nacionalmente, em parte pelo protagonismo de pessoas-chave em um sistema governante com jurisdição regional denominado Área de Proteção Ambiental da Baleia Franca (APA-BF; criada em 2000 abrangendo 156.000 hectares). Partimos assim da hipótese de que a agência de pessoas-chave em interações governantes (sensu Jan Kooiman) e contextos comunicativos (sensu Gregory Bateson) ligados à APA-BF aumentaram a governabilidade no território centro-sul do estado de Santa Catarina na última década. A pesquisa incluiu dados secundários e primários (entrevistas semi-estruturadas e observação participante). Análises foram feitas sobre a governabilidade estrutural e funcional geral e sobre questões específicas de governança com foco nas questões pesqueiras emergentes no Conselho Gestor da APA-BF (CONAPA-BF). A trajetória da APA-BF demonstrou um caso excepcional de experimentação institucional formal face às condições sociopolíticas operantes no Estado Brasileiro (que criam "problemas perversos"...

Cultural Similarities and Differences in Perceived Affordances of Situations for Big Five Behaviors

Church, A. Timothy; Katigbak, Marcia S.; del Prado, Alicia M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
The perceived affordance or conduciveness of various situations for Big Five behaviors was investigated in the United States (N = 188) and the Philippines (N = 215). The basic proposition that different situations afford different trait-relevant behaviors was supported, at least in the perceptions of cultural informants. Cultural similarities exceeded differences, and in both cultures individuals perceived Big Five behaviors as expressed in if-then patterns of variation across situations. Americans and Filipinos showed some similarity in the general dimensions along which situations are construed, but meaningful differences in the construal of certain interpersonal situations were also observed. The findings contribute to efforts to integrate person and situation approaches in personality and social psychology.

Network Conduciveness with Application to the Graph-Coloring and Independent-Set Optimization Transitions

Barbosa, Valmir C.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/07/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%

Role of Donepezil in Autism: Its Conduciveness in Psychopharmacotherapy

Srivastava, Rohit Kant; Agarwal, Medhavi; Pundhir, Ashish
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
A woman consulted psychiatric Out-Patient Department (OPD) for her 5-year and 2-month-old son presenting with typical autistic symptoms like social, behavioural, and communicational ineptitudeness. Subsequent treatment with Donepezil resulted in marked improvement in the aforementioned symptomatology. Recent studies in autistic child have shown diminished acetylcholine and nicotinic receptor activity, thus an acetylcholinergic enhancer, Donepezil, likely accounts for improvement in autistic symptoms. Evidently, the case report consolidates Donepezil role as a potentially useful agent in the treatment of cognitive and behavioural symptoms observed in this disorder.

Levels of Valence

Shuman, Vera; Sander, David; Scherer, Klaus R.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/05/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
The distinction between the positive and the negative is fundamental in our emotional life. In appraisal theories, in particular in the component process model of emotion (Scherer, 1984, 2010), qualitatively different types of valence are proposed based on appraisals of (un)pleasantness, goal obstructiveness/conduciveness, low or high power, self-(in)congruence, and moral badness/goodness. This multifaceted conceptualization of valence is highly compatible with the frequent observation of mixed feelings in real life. However, it seems to contradict the one-dimensional conceptualization of valence often encountered in psychological theories, and the notion of valence as a common currency used to explain choice behavior. Here, we propose a framework to integrate the seemingly disparate conceptualizations of multifaceted valence and one-dimensional valence by suggesting that valence should be conceived at different levels, micro and macro. Micro-valences correspond to qualitatively different types of evaluations, potentially resulting in mixed feelings, whereas one-dimensional macro-valence corresponds to an integrative “common currency” to compare alternatives for choices. We propose that conceptualizing levels of valence may focus research attention on the mechanisms that relate valence at one level (micro) to valence at another level (macro)...

Soil Type Dependent Rhizosphere Competence and Biocontrol of Two Bacterial Inoculant Strains and Their Effects on the Rhizosphere Microbial Community of Field-Grown Lettuce

Schreiter, Susanne; Sandmann, Martin; Smalla, Kornelia; Grosch, Rita
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
Rhizosphere competence of bacterial inoculants is assumed to be important for successful biocontrol. Knowledge of factors influencing rhizosphere competence under field conditions is largely lacking. The present study is aimed to unravel the effects of soil types on the rhizosphere competence and biocontrol activity of the two inoculant strains Pseudomonas jessenii RU47 and Serratia plymuthica 3Re4-18 in field-grown lettuce in soils inoculated with Rhizoctonia solani AG1-IB or not. Two independent experiments were carried out in 2011 on an experimental plot system with three soil types sharing the same cropping history and weather conditions for more than 10 years. Rifampicin resistant mutants of the inoculants were used to evaluate their colonization in the rhizosphere of lettuce. The rhizosphere bacterial community structure was analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of 16S rRNA gene fragments amplified from total community DNA to get insights into the effects of the inoculants and R. solani on the indigenous rhizosphere bacterial communities. Both inoculants showed a good colonization ability of the rhizosphere of lettuce with more than 106 colony forming units per g root dry mass two weeks after planting. An effect of the soil type on rhizosphere competence was observed for 3Re4-18 but not for RU47. In both experiments a comparable rhizosphere competence was observed and in the presence of the inoculants disease symptoms were either significantly reduced...

Antecedents of teachers’ emotions in the classroom: an intraindividual approach

Becker, Eva S.; Keller, Melanie M.; Goetz, Thomas; Frenzel, Anne C.; Taxer, Jamie L.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.51%
Using a preexisting, but as yet empirically untested theoretical model, the present study investigated antecedents of teachers’ emotions in the classroom. More specifically, the relationships between students’ motivation and discipline and teachers’ enjoyment and anger were explored, as well as if these relationships are mediated by teachers’ subjective appraisals (goal conduciveness and coping potential). The study employed an intraindividual approach by collecting data through a diary. The sample consisted of 39 teachers who each participated with one of their 9th or 10th grade mathematics classes (N = 758 students). Both teachers and students filled out diaries for 2–3 weeks pertaining to 8.10 lessons on average (N = 316 lessons). Multilevel structural equation modeling revealed that students’ motivation and discipline explained 24% of variance in teachers’ enjoyment and 26% of variance in teachers’ anger. In line with theoretical assumptions, after introducing teachers’ subjective appraisals as a mediating mechanism into the model, the explained variance systematically increased to 65 and 61%, for teachers’ enjoyment and anger respectively. The effects of students’ motivation and discipline level on teachers’ emotions were partially mediated by teachers’ appraisals of goal conduciveness and coping potential. The findings imply that since teachers’ emotions depend to a large extent on subjective evaluations of a situation...

Appraisals Generate Specific Configurations of Facial Muscle Movements in a Gambling Task: Evidence for the Component Process Model of Emotion

Gentsch, Kornelia; Grandjean, Didier; Scherer, Klaus R.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
18.5%
Scherer’s Component Process Model provides a theoretical framework for research on the production mechanism of emotion and facial emotional expression. The model predicts that appraisal results drive facial expressions, which unfold sequentially and cumulatively over time. In two experiments, we examined facial muscle activity changes (via facial electromyography recordings over the corrugator, cheek, and frontalis regions) in response to events in a gambling task. These events were experimentally manipulated feedback stimuli which presented simultaneous information directly affecting goal conduciveness (gambling outcome: win, loss, or break-even) and power appraisals (Experiment 1 and 2), as well as control appraisal (Experiment 2). We repeatedly found main effects of goal conduciveness (starting ~600 ms), and power appraisals (starting ~800 ms after feedback onset). Control appraisal main effects were inconclusive. Interaction effects of goal conduciveness and power appraisals were obtained in both experiments (Experiment 1: over the corrugator and cheek regions; Experiment 2: over the frontalis region) suggesting amplified goal conduciveness effects when power was high in contrast to invariant goal conduciveness effects when power was low. Also an interaction of goal conduciveness and control appraisals was found over the cheek region...

Epistemic justification and truth-conduciveness

Plug, Allen (1976 - ); Feldman, Richard (1948 - )
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:vii, 178 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.51%
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of Philosophy, 2011.; This dissertation concerns epistemic justification. In particular, it concerns whether epistemic justification is truth-conducive. Epistemic justification is truth-conducive if and only if, necessarily, most epistemically justified beliefs are true. I argue that epistemic justification is not truth-conducive. In chapter one I clarify some issues concerning the concepts of epistemic justification and truth-conduciveness and I also lay out some basic assumptions regarding epistemic justification. In chapters two and three I consider two different arguments that support the claim that epistemic justification is truth-conducive. The argument in chapter two, the Goal Argument, starts with the assumption that epistemic justification is concerned with satisfying the epistemic goal. According to the Goal Argument satisfying the epistemic goal would render epistemic justification truth-conducive. I examine several different goals that might serve as the epistemic goal. I argue that for each goal either it is not plausible that it is the epistemic goal or that satisfying that goal would not render epistemic justification truth-conducive. In Chapter three I discuss the Value Argument. The Value Argument claims that epistemic justification is concerned with epistemic value. Epistemic value...

Assessing domestic right-wing extremism using the theory of collective behavior

Baldoza, Arnold C.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
Approved for public release, distribution unlimited; Despite published warnings from the Department of Homeland Security, the current social, economic, and political environment is not likely to lead to a violent confrontation between right-wing extremist groups and government authorities. This thesis applies the theory of collective behavior and examines-in the context of the current health care reform debate-existing conditions and dynamics and their influence on the domestic far right. Although several determinants of collective behavior (i.e., structural conduciveness, structural strain, and ideology) produce a climate within which right-wing extremism can emerge and flourish, the lack of an influential far-right leader and the effective operation of existing social controls hinder the mobilization of the domestic far right. To counter right-wing extremism, the U.S. government should avoid dismissing outright the grievances of the far right. Instead, the government should direct its efforts to reduce the social structures that create an environment in which right-wing extremism can emerge and flourish and to encourage and ensure the effective operation of social controls. Endeavors along these lines are similar to international efforts countering radical Islamic extremism. Further studies are needed to explore how counter-radicalization approaches against Islamic extremists can be tailored to comply with domestic law and be applied to domestic right-wing extremists.

The World Bank’s Country Policy and Institutional Assessment — An Evaluation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
The World Bank's Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) assess the conduciveness of a country's policy and institutional framework to poverty reduction, sustainable growth, and the effective use of development assistance. It plays an important role in the country performance ratings that have been used for allocating resources from the International Development Association (IDA) to eligible countries since 1980. This evaluation takes the premise that beyond informing IDA allocation, the CPIA is useful as a broad indicator of development effectiveness. It assesses the relevance of the content of the CPIA through a review of the economics literature. It also assesses the reliability of CPIA ratings in two ways-through comparing CPIA ratings with similar indicators, and through reviewing the CPIA ratings generation process. Based on these assessments, the evaluation derives recommendations for enhancing the CPIA.

The World Bank's Country Policy and Institutional Assessment : An IEG Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
The World Bank's Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) assess the conduciveness of a country's policy and institutional framework to poverty reduction, sustainable growth, and the effective use of development assistance. The CPIA enters the calculation of country performance ratings that, since 1980, have been used to allocate International Development Association (IDA) resources to eligible client countries. This evaluation was undertaken at the request of Board members to assess the appropriateness of the CPIA as a broad indicator of development effectiveness and as a determinant of the allocation of IDA funds. As indicated in the approach paper, this evaluation reviews the effects of the CPIA ratings on IDA allocations but does not review the IDA allocation formula itself. The evaluation finds that the CPIA content broadly reflects the determinants of economic growth and poverty reduction identified in the economics literature, but some criteria need to be revised (such as the trade criterion that places much greater emphasis on imports than exports) and streamlined, and one criterion (assessment of disadvantaged socioeconomic categories other than gender) added. The CPIA ratings also correlate well with ratings of similar indicators...

IS THE WHOLE WORLD STILL WATCHING? EXPLAINING POLICE VIOLENCE DURING THE TORONTO G8/G20 MEETINGS

HODGKINSON, TARAH
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
In recent years the G8 and G20 Summits have become important sites of protest and conflict. Extensive planning by police and protesters have transformed the public meaning of these yearly assemblies into large-scale events characterized by what many see as threats to public order. The summits have also provided a world-stage for the economically and racially disadvantaged as well as globalized free trade dissenters to voice their resistance and opposition. At the same time, police have been placed on the opposite side of the conflict, ordered to “control the masses.” This conflict situation can sometimes lead to collective violence, especially on behalf of the police. In attempting to explain the police collective violence witnessed at the G8/G20 protests in Toronto in June of 2010, Neil Smelser’s (1962) value-added model of collective behaviour can be employed. This model demonstrates how processes involving structural conduciveness, structural strain, the spread of a generalized belief, the mobilization of participants and finally the utilization of social control can lead to an event such as collective violence. Recent revisions to the value-added argument by Fine (1997) have shifted attention away from the functionalist assumptions of the model and toward a more social constructionist stance. Thus...

Análisis de los nuevos mecanismos institucionales y procedimentales de control fiscal, introducidos por la ley 1474 de 2011 y su idoneidad para solucionar los problemas de control fiscal evidenciados en el departamento de Boyacá periodo (2008-2011)

Piraquive Puerto, Fabio Andres
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencia Política y Gobierno Publicador: Facultad de Ciencia Política y Gobierno
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/03/2013 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
En el presente estudio de caso, se analizan las principales nociones del control fiscal territorial colombiano y se describen los mecanismos de control fiscal introducidos en la ley 1474 de 2011, para observar la pertinencia y conducencia en la solución de los problemas de control fiscal en el departamento de Boyacá; teniendo en cuenta el análisis de los informes de gestión y de resultados de la Contraloría General de Boyacá.; This research was analyzed the key notions of Colombian territorial fiscal control and describes the mechanisms of fiscal control introduced in the (law 1474/2011) to see the relevance and conduciveness in solving the fiscal control problems in the department of Boyaca, taking into account the analysis of management reports and results of the Boyaca Control Entity.

Los santuarios terroristas como problema de seguridad internacional, caso de estudio

Quintero Gonzalez, Luis Eduardo
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/03/2010 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.83%
La monografía busca analizar las condiciones que determinan a Argelia y Marruecos como un santuario para las operaciones terroristas de Al-Qaeda, examinando las dimensiones domestica de ingobernabilidad de ambos Estados, las condiciones de favorabilidad para la consolidación del santuario y las implicaciones que representa el santuario para la seguridad internacional a la luz del aumento en la capacidad de influencia y de impacto que le proporciona el santuario a Al-Qaeda a nivel global.; The monograph seeks to analyze the conditions that determine Algeria and Morocco as a Safe Havens for Al-Qaeda terrorism operations, examining the domestic dimensions of ungovernability of both states, conduciveness conditions for the consolidation of the safe havens and the implications that represents for international security due to the increase in influence and impact that provides the safe havens to Al-Qaeda globally.

The conduciveness of CA-rule graphs

Barbosa, Valmir C.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/04/2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.35%
Given two subsets A and B of nodes in a directed graph, the conduciveness of the graph from A to B is the ratio representing how many of the edges outgoing from nodes in A are incoming to nodes in B. When the graph's nodes stand for the possible solutions to certain problems of combinatorial optimization, choosing its edges appropriately has been shown to lead to conduciveness properties that provide useful insight into the performance of algorithms to solve those problems. Here we study the conduciveness of CA-rule graphs, that is, graphs whose node set is the set of all CA rules given a cell's number of possible states and neighborhood size. We consider several different edge sets interconnecting these nodes, both deterministic and random ones, and derive analytical expressions for the resulting graph's conduciveness toward rules having a fixed number of non-quiescent entries. We demonstrate that one of the random edge sets, characterized by allowing nodes to be sparsely interconnected across any Hamming distance between the corresponding rules, has the potential of providing reasonable conduciveness toward the desired rules. We conjecture that this may lie at the bottom of the best strategies known to date for discovering complex rules to solve specific problems...

Network conduciveness with application to the graph-coloring and independent-set optimization transitions

Barbosa, Valmir C.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/03/2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.09%
We introduce the notion of a network's conduciveness, a probabilistically interpretable measure of how the network's structure allows it to be conducive to roaming agents, in certain conditions, from one portion of the network to another. We exemplify its use through an application to the two problems in combinatorial optimization that, given an undirected graph, ask that its so-called chromatic and independence numbers be found. Though NP-hard, when solved on sequences of expanding random graphs there appear marked transitions at which optimal solutions can be obtained substantially more easily than right before them. We demonstrate that these phenomena can be understood by resorting to the network that represents the solution space of the problems for each graph and examining its conduciveness between the non-optimal solutions and the optimal ones. At the said transitions, this network becomes strikingly more conducive in the direction of the optimal solutions than it was just before them, while at the same time becoming less conducive in the opposite direction. We believe that, besides becoming useful also in other areas in which network theory has a role to play, network conduciveness may become instrumental in helping clarify further issues related to NP-hardness that remain poorly understood.

Group Emergence in Community Crises: A Study of Conditions Conducive to the Development of Collective Behavior

Parr, Arnold R.
Fonte: Disaster Research Center Publicador: Disaster Research Center
Tipo: Outros Formato: 9824667 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.87%
Using data from five community crises, this study analyzes the conditions that facilitate the development of emergent groups in stress situations. We compare the empirical evidence from three community emergencies in which there was group emergence with empirical evidence from two community emergencies in which there was no group emergence. It is postulated that the conditions conducive to the generation of new groups in community disasters can be classified in a three-fold typology: (1) social-psychological conduciveness; (2) cultural conduciveness; and (3) structural conduciveness. We anticipate that the findings of this research will expand and extend collective behavior theory through devoting attention to the origins of collective behavior, an area which has received little prior emphasis.

Avaliação da supressividade do solo a Thielaviopsis sp.; Evaluation to soil suppressiveness to Thielaviopsis sp.

Pereira, Priscilla de Fátima
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Lavras; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Agronomia/Fitopatologia; UFLA; brasil; Departamento de Fitopatologia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Lavras; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Agronomia/Fitopatologia; UFLA; brasil; Departamento de Fitopatologia
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em 16/12/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.09%
The stem-bleeding caused by Thielaviopsis sp. has became cause of extreme concern for farmers, research institutions, technical assistance agencies, and health protection and monitoring agencies. This disease has been spreading and, thus, increasing the quantity of coconut trees and farms affected each year. The search for a sustainable control of this pathogen has become constant over time. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the suppressiveness and / or conduciveness of coconut planting soils of two Brazilian regions, as well as the possible variables responsible for such suppression and / or conduciveness. The influence of soils on Thielaviopsis sp. population was assessed by estimating the percentage of baits of ripe banana colonized by this pathogen on soils. This colonization percentage ranged from 4.61 to 83,08%. Then, based on the Scott Knott means test, samples of five most suppressive soils, and five most conducive soils were collected to estimate their nature, as well as determining factors for suppressiveness and / or conduciveness. Physical, chemical and biological characters were assessed for each sample. The total bacteria parameter was found to be higher in suppressive soils. Fluorescent Pseudomonas was only found in one type of soil. The pH...

BGRcast: A Disease Forecast Model to Support Decision-making for Chemical Sprays to Control Bacterial Grain Rot of Rice

Lee, Yong Hwan; Ko, Sug-Ju; Cha, Kwang-Hong; Park, Eun Woo
Fonte: Korean Society of Plant Pathology Publicador: Korean Society of Plant Pathology
Tipo: Text
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
18.24%
A disease forecast model for bacterial grain rot (BGR) of rice, which is caused by Burkholderia glumae, was developed in this study. The model, which was named ‘BGRcast’, determined daily conduciveness of weather conditions to epidemic development of BGR and forecasted risk of BGR development. All data that were used to develop and validate the BGRcast model were collected from field observations on disease incidence at Naju, Korea during 1998–2004 and 2010. In this study, we have proposed the environmental conduciveness as a measure of conduciveness of weather conditions for population growth of B. glumae and panicle infection in the field. The BGRcast calculated daily environmental conduciveness, Ci, based on daily minimum temperature and daily average relative humidity. With regard to the developmental stages of rice plants, the epidemic development of BGR was divided into three phases, i.e., lag, inoculum build-up and infection phases. Daily average of Ci was calculated for the inoculum build-up phase (Cinf) and the infection phase (Cinc). The Cinc and Cinf were considered environmental conduciveness for the periods of inoculum build-up in association with rice plants and panicle infection during the heading stage, respectively. The BGRcast model was able to forecast actual occurrence of BGR at the probability of 71.4% and its false alarm ratio was 47.6%. With the thresholds of Cinc = 0.3 and Cinf = 0.5...