Página 1 dos resultados de 5978 itens digitais encontrados em 0.019 segundos

Participação social, saúde e radiocomunicação comunitária: uma discussão sobre limites e possibilidades de ampliação das bases socias da Reforma Sanitária Brasileira; Social participation, health and community radiocomunication: a discussion about the the limits and possibilities of ampliation of the social basis of the Brazilian Sanitary Reform.

Silva, Hugo Fanton Ribeiro da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/09/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
Este trabalho se propôs a analisar limites e possibilidades da participação social na saúde por espaços não institucionalizados, a partir de alguns dos limites decorrentes da institucionalidade posta e do conjunto de práticas sociais, técnicas e sistêmicas na saúde. A discussão enfoca a rádio comunitária como espaço de emergência de conflitos e questões que perpassam dada realidade e suas relações sociais, de forma a poder contribuir com a participação social na saúde. Nesse sentido, optou-se pela realização de um estudo de caso em Heliópolis, São Paulo, SP, por um olhar para o território na sua diversidade de espaços e vivências, e também para os conflitos que lhe são próprios e relacionados às relações sociais daquele espaço constitutivas. A partir das práticas significantes relacionadas à produção simbólica e material de Heliópolis, do entrejogo entre práticas sociais e trajetórias individuais, e entre aquelas e contexto global, foi possível uma formulação teórica em relação ao objetivo da pesquisa. A organização da população de Heliópolis se deu em resistência à dominação exercida por grupos político-econômicos e à repressão do Estado, pela construção de laços sociais de solidariedade em processos de subjetivação de indivíduos...

Do passado que insiste em persistir: conflitos e possibilidades para um desenvolvimento do turismo de base comunitária na Vila de Barra do Una em Peruíbe (SP) ; The past that insists on persisting: conflicts and possibilities for development of community-based tourism in Barra do Una village in Peruibe (SP).

Ferreira, Paulo Tacio Aires
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/05/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
O histórico de criação e gestão de áreas protegidas brasileiras configurou-se como experiências antidemocráticas, pouco estimuladoras da participação social. O desenvolvimento do turismo no Brasil possui um histórico, a princípio, guiado por modelos centralizadores e, posteriormente, orientado pelas idéias políticas neoliberais que privilegiaram setores privados em detrimento do desenvolvimento de comunidades locais. Seguindo esses modelos, a criação da Estação Ecológica Juréia-Itatins (EEJI), uma unidade de conservação de proteção integral, não permitia moradias e usos de populações, gerando alterações no modo de vida das populações tradicionais inseridas em seu interior. Com as lutas dos povos da região, o local transformou-se em um Mosaico de Unidades de Conservação, englobando áreas protegidas de uso sustentável, categorias mais flexíveis, cujas possibilidades de usos ainda estão sendo discutidas e negociadas pelos atores da região: moradores, ocupantes não tradicionais e a Fundação Florestal, o órgão gestor da área. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar as possibilidades de desenvolvimento do turismo de base comunitária na Vila de Barra do Una, localizada no município de Peruíbe, São Paulo...

Three Levels Model For Differentiated Pharmacist Clinical Activities In The Community Pharmacy – The Proposal

Condinho, Monica; Cavaco, Margarida; Miranda, Fernando; Sinogas, Carlos
Fonte: Revista Portuguesa de Farmacoterapia Publicador: Revista Portuguesa de Farmacoterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
ABSTRACT Introduction: In order to contribute for the real implementation of cognitive pharmaceutical services in Portugal, a three levels model of pharmacist clinical intervention in the community pharmacy, based on the differentiated patient´s health needs, was proposed by the authors [Three levels model for differentiated pharmacist clinical activities in the Community Pharmacy - The proposal. Accompanying paper]. Objective: To test the practical application of the proposed three levels model for differentiated pharmacist clinical activities in the community pharmacy. Methods: The three levels model was implemented in several community pharmacies. The philosophy of the model, to change the focus of community pharmacies from the product to the patient, was introduced under the supervision of a specialized pharmacist, responsible for the pharmacotherapeutic follow-up program. All the pharmacy professionals were instructed to ask the customer about the control of his health problem, whenever applicable. When no non-controlled health problem was detected, dispensing the product fulfils the costumer needs and is considered the level 1 service. If a non-controlled health problem was detected, the pharmacist considers the clinical situation and delivers the appropriate counselling...

Three levels model for differentiated pharmacist clinical activities in the Community Pharmacy – The practical application

Condinho, Monica; Cavaco, Margarida; Miranda, Fernando; Sinogas, Carlos
Fonte: Formifarma Publicador: Formifarma
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
Introduction: In order to contribute for the real implementation of cognitive pharmaceutical services in Portugal, a three levels model of pharmacist clinical intervention in the community pharmacy, based on the differentiated patient´s health needs, was proposed by the authors [Three levels model for differentiated pharmacist clinical activities in the Community Pharmacy - The proposal. Accompanying paper]. Objective: To test the practical application of the proposed three levels model for differentiated pharmacist clinical activities in the community pharmacy. Methods: The three levels model was implemented in several community pharmacies. The philosophy of the model, to change the focus of community pharmacies from the product to the patient, was introduced under the supervision of a specialized pharmacist, responsible for the pharmacotherapeutic follow-up program. All the pharmacy professionals were instructed to ask the customer about the control of his health problem, whenever applicable. When no non-controlled health problem was detected, dispensing the product fulfils the costumer needs and is considered the level 1 service. If a non-controlled health problem was detected, the pharmacist considers the clinical situation and delivers the appropriate counselling...

Assessing the community needs of mental health residential care service users in Republic of Moldova

Chihai, Jana
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
RESUMO: Background: Problemas de saúde mental são um grande problema clínico e social na República da Moldávia, representando uma quota significante de deficiência, sendo classificada no top cinco das dez linhas na hierarquia das condições. A taxa de incidência tem sido crescente na República da Moldávia, atingindo cerca de 15.000 por ano (14,655 em 2011), ou seja, 411,4 por 100 mil habitantes, e uma taxa de prevalência de 97.525 pessoas em 2011, ou seja, 2,737.9 por 100 mil habitantes. Sistema de atendimento psiquiátrico fornece serviços de saúde mental escassos a nível da comunidade, visando principalmente terapia hospitalar, centralizada, através de uma rede de três hospitais psiquiátricos, com 1.860 camas e 4 sanatórios psico- neurológicos com 1890 camas, assim alimentando-se a estigmatização do paciente. Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi a avaliação das necessidades individuais dos beneficiários e do seu nível de autonomia dentro de cuidados residenciais, para o planeamento de reformas de saúde mental e desinstitucionalização na República da Moldávia. Este estudo foi encomendado pelo Ministério do Trabalho, Proteção Social e da Família e pelo Ministério da Saúde, com o apoio da Organização Mundial da Saúde...

Identifying Community Needs and Resources in a Native Community: A Research Partnership in the Pacific Northwest

Thomas, Lisa Rey; Donovan, Dennis M.; Sigo, Robin L. W.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
Indigenous communities have engaged in needs and resources assessments for thousands of years. By blending CBPR/TPR approaches with community-driven assets and needs assessments, academic and community based researchers can work together to better understand and identify community strengths as well as issues of concern in Native communities. This best practice approach can set research agendas that are relevant to Native communities and result in interventions and health promotion programs that are respectful of Tribal sovereignty and that incorporate unique traditions and strengths of Native communities. A successful research partnership to develop and implement a needs and resources assessment using CBPR/TPR approaches is presented using a case study that can be used as a model for other research partnerships.

Madagascar : Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project

Mohan, P. C.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
The main objective of the Madagascar Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project, with a credit of US$ 17.3 million equivalent, was to improve the capacity of the government, communities and the private sector to expand sustainable and cost-effective coverage in water supply and sanitation. The project components were Policy and Legal Framework, WSS Sector Capacity Building and Institutional Development, and Community-based WSS Services. The last component had 2 sub-components, i.e. Community Needs Assessment, Education and Support, and Extension of RWSS Services. The project was implemented over the period 1998-2005. The project design built on successful experiences in the country and the region. For the gravity schemes, it replicated the experience of NGOs already active in the sector; for the hand pump schemes, it sourced the experience of a UNICEF project.

Indigenous Knowledge Goes to School : Potentials and Perils of Community Education in the Western Sahel

Easton, Peter; Capacci, Chris; Kane, Lamine
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
Indigenous knowledge in West African schools, has yet to gain its stand in the official education sector in order to certify knowledge, and train the next generation, a sector seemingly unlikely to embrace local knowledge, or regard indigenous science as a legitimate source of inspiration. Nonetheless, non-formal education, and literacy programs, frequently conducted in African languages, and focused on local community needs, are current exceptions. The note looks at some changes that created a space for new curricula: structural adjustment policies motivated schooling, as well as the state in providing it; alternate formulas to increase enrollment are being supported by governments, including a variety of experimental programs; reform of primary and secondary schooling is reversing traditional formal education in favor of African-language curricula; and, civil society is playing an enhanced role in educational provision. The search for alternatives has taken a variety of forms, and, the note examines the community involvement model...

Nepal Earthquake Post Disaster Needs Aassessment

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
The post disaster needs assessment (PDNA) assesses the impact of the April 25, 2015 earthquake in Nepal and defines a recovery strategy. In the analysis, damage is defined as the cost to replace durable physical assets (buildings, equipment, facilities, and machinery) that were damaged or destroyed. Loss refers to changes in financial flows due to the temporary absence of infrastructure, increased or new demands (operational costs) due to the disaster, lost revenues, higher expenditures, and the cost of maintaining service provision. In addition to reconstruction costs, recovery needs are identified to build back better and are costed accordingly. Each sector has also examined issues of vulnerability and marginalization, and the need for specific targeting in the implementation of the recovery strategy. The report covers the following sectors: social; productive; infrastructure; and cross‐cutting.

What are the health needs, familial and social problems of Thai migrants in a local community in Australia? A focus group study

Vatcharavongvan, P.; Hepworth, J.; Lim, J.; Marley, J.
Fonte: Springer New York Publicador: Springer New York
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
This study explored the health needs, familial and social problems of Thai migrants in a local community in Brisbane, Australia. Five focus groups with Thai migrants were conducted. The qualitative data were examined using thematic content analysis that is specifically designed for focus group analysis. Four themes were identified: (1) positive experiences in Australia, (2) physical health problems, (3) mental health problems, and (4) familial and social health problems. This study revealed key health needs related to chronic disease and mental health, major barriers to health service use, such as language skills, and facilitating factors, such as the Thai Temple. We concluded that because the health needs, familial and social problems of Thai migrants were complex and culture bound, the development of health and community services for Thai migrants needs to take account of the ways in which Thai culture both negatively impacts health and offer positive solutions to problems.; Pasitpon Vatcharavongvan, Julie Hepworth, Joanne Lim, John Marley

Community home based care for people living with HIV: an overview of client needs, actors and services provided in Ethiopia; Community Home-based care

Woldie, M.; Sudhakar, M.; Feyissa, G.T.
Fonte: Academic journals Publicador: Academic journals
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
In Ethiopia, it was shown that funding levels are far from compatible to the needs for care and support services for people living with human immuno-deficiency virus (PLHIV) and orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC). The aim in this study is to map the relationship between client needs, actors, care and support services provided for PLHIV and OVC in Ethiopia. A case study of the Ethiopian community care program was carried out using multiple methods of data collection as part of a multi-country research of four countries. Three program cases providing care and support services throughout the country were studied. A total of 35 in-depth interviews, 9 focus group discussions, 60 guided interviews, and 3 community mapping exercises were carried out. Analysis was conducted using the thematic framework approach with coding and mapping of the transcripts in the ATLAS.ti version 5.0. The expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the number of bed-ridden PLHIV in need of home based nursing care. Currently, inadequate access to food and lack of income to cover health care and other expenses are the major concerns of PLHIV in Ethiopia. Community Home Based Care (CHBC) in Ethiopia can be categorised into two types; clinical and non-clinical. Non-clinical care (psychosocial...

Unmet needs in the management of schizophrenia

Torres Gonz??lez, Francisco; Ib????ez-Casas, Inmaculada; Saldivia, Sandra; Ballester, Dinarte; Grand??n, Pamela; Moreno-K??stner, Berta; Xavier, Miguel; G??mez-Beneyto, Manuel
Fonte: Dove Press Publicador: Dove Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
Studies on unmet needs during the last decades have played a significant role in the development and dissemination of evidence-based community practices for persistent schizophrenia and other severe mental disorders. This review has thoroughly considered several blocks of unmet needs, which are frequently related to schizophrenic disorders. Those related to health have been the first block to be considered, in which authors have examined the frequent complications and comorbidities found in schizophrenia, such as substance abuse and dual diagnosis. A second block has been devoted to psychosocial and economic needs, especially within the field of recovery of the persistently mentally ill. Within this block, the effects of the current economic difficulties shown in recent literature have been considered as well. Because no patient is static, a third block has reviewed evolving needs according to the clinical staging model. The fourth block has been dedicated to integrated evidence-based interventions to improve the quality of life of persons with schizophrenia. Consideration of community care for those reluctant to maintain contact with mental health services has constituted the fifth block. Finally, authors have aggregated their own reflections regarding future trends. The number of psychosocial unmet needs is extensive. Vast research efforts will be needed to find appropriate ways to meet them...

Scaling up from the top down and the bottom up: The impacts and governance of inter-community forest associations in Durango, Mexico

Garcia-Lopez, Gustavo A.
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, Public Policy, 2012; Mexico's community forestry experiment has become famous as a global model for sustainable forest use and socioeconomic development. However, many Mexican forest communities are facing significant challenges such as weak organization and limited access to markets. Scholars and practitioners have argued that connections across different levels of governance between local communities, inter-community networks, and other governmental and non-governmental stakeholders may help deal with these situations. Yet there are still gaps in our understanding of why these cross-scale arrangements form, their internal governance, their benefits, and the factors that make them successful. This dissertation addresses these gaps by analyzing the economic, political and forest impacts that inter-community forest associations (FAs) -a type of cross-scale governance arrangement- have on forest communities; and the factors that influence FAs' effectiveness. Drawing on collective action and political economy theories applied to common-pool resources, I engaged in a year-long comparative case study of four FAs in the Mexican state of Durango -two organized by communities themselves (bottom-up) and two created by non-community actors (top-down). The results show that FAs often form from in response to community needs...

Mining Community Development Agreements : Source Book

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Mining/Oil and Gas; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
The World Bank oil, gas and mining unit, in its capacity as a driver for best practice related to extractive industry contributions to poverty alleviation, has a strong interest in the sustainable development of mine-impacted communities. As part of the growing global expectation that the extractive industry should contribute positively to long-term local development, a discourse has grown surrounding a variety of structures and processes aiming to deliver development benefits to communities affected by mineral resource projects. Examples of these strategies include social/community investment programs, development forums, community-controlled trusts, development funds, and foundations. These strategies may be led by government, the companies, the impacted community, or through collaborative bilateral or multi sector partnerships and agreements. They may be a regulatory requirement or negotiated voluntarily in response to mining companies' commitment to corporate social responsibility (CSR) principles. This document describes some of the main considerations and processes regarding the development and implementation of these strategies...

Water and Development : World Bank Support, 1997-2007

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
Almost a third of all Bank projects approved since 1997 have been water related. Water lending grew 55 percent in commitment terms during the period evaluated, and project performance has improved steadily, led by a significant performance improvement in the Africa region. Water has been integrated into many other sectors. The Bank has contributed to improving access to clean water, especially in urban areas, and has developed a business plan for investments in hydropower and dams, especially for Africa. The Bank is also starting to take the aquatic environment more into account during project design, and it has balanced investments in infrastructure with investments in improving the institutions that manage and allocate water. The Bank's strategy for the water sector has been broadly appropriate, but its application has underemphasized some of the most difficult challenges-such as ground water conservation, environmental restoration, and coastal zone management-in favor of less challenging activities like infrastructure development and equipment purchase. The Bank's approach to water will face heightened challenges in the coming decades due to climate change...

Strategies for setting a national research agenda that is responsive to community needs.

O'Fallon, Liam R; Wolfle, Geraldine M; Brown, David; Dearry, Allen; Olden, Kenneth
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
Setting a national environmental health research agenda requires broad public input, including that from leading scientists, health care professionals, and communities. Contributions from these diverse constituencies are essential to formulating a research and education strategy that both advances our understanding of the causes and mechanisms of environmentally related diseases and translates such findings into effective prevention and clinical applications to protect those most affected by adverse environmental exposures. Given the increasing number of individual researchers working with communities to address environmental health needs during the past decade, it is also essential for research institutions to foster relationships with communities to understand and respond to their unique public health needs, as well as to communicate research advances in a manner that is both understandable and culturally appropriate. To achieve broad public input and to foster community-university partnerships, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) supports various workshops, roundtables, and advisory groups. In particular, the NIEHS finds Town Meetings to be a successful model for bringing academic researchers together with community residents...

Needs for CME in geriatrics. Part 2: Physician priorities and perceptions of community representatives.

Pereles, I.; Russell, M. L.
Fonte: College of Family Physicians of Canada Publicador: College of Family Physicians of Canada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
OBJECTIVE: To explore physicians' responses to the needs for education in geriatrics identified by a community needs survey. DESIGN: Interviews conducted during a cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Private family practices in Calgary. PARTICIPANTS: Randomly selected family physicians in Calgary who had previously recruited patients for a community needs survey. Thirty of 60 volunteer physicians randomly selected for phase 1 of the study were interviewed. One physician recruited patients for phase 1 but declined to be interviewed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic variables, practice characteristics, and opinions on urgency of potential topics for continuing medical education. RESULTS: Physicians agreed with community informants that they need more education about medication for the elderly, medical management, and mental health issues. Physicians did not perceive pressing needs for education in communication skills with patients, in compassion, or in health promotion for patients. Physicians identified many barriers to meeting needs identified by the community. Among the most notable obstacles were inadequate time, inadequate remuneration, and lack of accessible community resources. CONCLUSIONS: Continuing medical education should help physicians recognize the community's needs and design programs that will address them.

A Call to Action: Building a Community-based Plan for Delaware

Commission on Community-Based Alternatives for Persons with Disabilities
Fonte: Educational Testing Services Publicador: Educational Testing Services
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
The Commission on Community-Based Alternatives for Persons with Disabilities developed a blueprint for a diversified, individualized, cost effective service and support system that enables individuals with disabilities to live and work in the most integrated setting of their choice. The report includes the following subject areas: determining individual needs and preferences: fair assessments and process; aspects of community living: residential, health care, employment, transportation, and education; funding; and priority recommendations, which provide a catalyst for immediate action.; ETS: Educational Testing Service

Legal needs in Delaware: the low-income population

Yanich, Danilo; Brown, Wadiya
Fonte: Center for Community Research & Service Publicador: Center for Community Research & Service
Tipo: Outros Formato: 483570 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
Community Legal Aid Society, Inc. (CLASI) is the agency in the state that has a major responsibility for providing civil legal services to low-income Delawareans. In order to serve that population, CLASI needed to know the nature of their legal needs. Therefore, CLASI approached the University of Delaware to conduct a systematic assessment of those needs. This report is the result of that examination and it represents the first comprehensive look at the legal needs of the low-income public in Delaware.; Funding for the project came from the Delaware Bar Foundation, CLASI, First State Community Action Agency and the Delaware Volunteer Legal Services, Inc.

Challenges for local community development in private sector-led renewable energy projects in South Africa: An evolving approach

Wlokas,Holle Linnea; Boyd,Anya; Andolfi,Marco
Fonte: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Publicador: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
The Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme in South Africa is intended to support the uptake of renewable energy, help address the current energy supply crisis and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Notably, it also requires project developers to engage with socio-economic development at the local level. The distributed nature of renewable energy generation may induce a more geographically dispersed pattern of development, and renewable energy sites can be highly suited to rural locations with otherwise poor potential to attract local inward investment. Socio-economic development and enterprise development are two of seven economic development elements in the programme. In order to prepare a bid submission, project developers have to assess local socio-economic needs around their project site and develop strategies on how to address these. This paper investigates the challenges for local community development. The research is based on case studies and presents findings from the perspective of a research team working alongside project developers. Early findings indicate that there are potential community benefits from commercial wind projects, providing an appropriate community engagement process that is aligned with the project cycle determined by the tender process and engineering requirements. The Passive Community Needs Assessment approach is introduced as a possible solution.