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Macroeconomia e preços de commodities agrícolas; Macroeconomics and agricultural commodities prices

Arruda, Andréa Ferraz de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/05/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
Este trabalho retomou as análises do comportamento dos preços das commodities agrícolas após um período superior a uma década durante o qual o tema ocupou pouca atenção dos estudiosos. Os resultados encontrados mostram um papel moderado, mas não desprezível, para as variáveis macroeconômicas nas variações não-antecipadas daqueles preços. A taxa de câmbio impacta diretamente os preços dos produtos transacionados no exterior e indiretamente aqueles que com eles competem na produção e no consumo. A taxa de juros é componente do custo de armazenamento e, assim, se ela aumenta, por exemplo, eleva-se o custo de armazenamento, maior volume de commodities é lançado no mercado e seus preços tendem a cair. A taxa de juros, sabe-se, também, afeta o nível de atividade econômica e, logo, a renda dos países. Análises de auto-regressão vetorial foram empregadas para medir os impactos e a importância de choques nessas variáveis macroeconômicas sobre os preços da soja e do milho no Brasil. Verificaram-se efeitos não desprezíveis dos juros sobre esses preços e do c6ambio sobre o preço da soja. A renda - medida pelo PIB - não se mostrou relevante, talvez por este não ter capturado o efeito daquela ou pela exígua variação que o PIB tenha apresentado no período analisado. Embora os juros tenham se revelado capazes de serem utilizados para aliviar impactos inflacionários oriundos de elevações exageradas de preços de commodities...

Gestão estratégica da produção de soja em Mato Grosso com o uso dos mercados futuros e de opções; Strategic management of the soybean production in Mato Grosso using the futures and options markets

Souza, Waldemar Antonio da Rocha de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/12/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
O objetivo desta tese foi avaliar algumas abordagens para utilizar os mercados futuros e de opções no Brasil e no exterior como ferramentas para gestão estratégica da produção de soja em Mato Grosso. Apresentam-se duas linhas de trabalho na pesquisa. Na primeira, a estrutura a termo das opções com vencimento futuro negociadas no CME Group foi obtida para efetuar previsões da volatilidade e do nível de preços realizados, no curto e longo prazo, para os preços a vista da soja negociada em Rondonópolis (MT). Através da extração da volatilidade implícita do modelo de Black (1976) para precificação de opções de commodities, decompôs-se a variância da volatilidade em intervalos conhecidos e não conhecidos, para os quais se fez previsões de curto e longo prazo. Usou-se também a volatilidade implícita como parâmetro numa equação de intervalos de confiança empíricos para a estimação do nível de preços, no curto e longo prazo. Os testes de eficiência preditiva indicaram que as previsões da volatilidade realizada com base na volatilidade implícita têm maior grau de eficiência no curto prazo, enquanto as previsões dos níveis de preço são mais eficientes no longo prazo. Pode-se atribuir os resultados às características intrínsecas da série de preços da soja...

Dinâmica da taxa de câmbio no Brasil de 2004 a 2012: efeitos da crise econômico-financeira internacional de 2008; Brazilian foreign exchange rate dynamics from 2004 to 2012: effects of the international economic and financial crisis of 2008

Oliveira, Jayane Pereira de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
O presente trabalho teve por objetivo investigar se há evidências de que o regime de política cambial brasileiro teria se alterado no pós-crise econômico-financeira internacional de 2008, além de captar insights acerca da eficácia dos instrumentos de intervenção recentemente aplicados sobre o mercado de moedas e acerca do poder explicativo dos fundamentos da taxa de câmbio. Três fatos estilizados do mercado de câmbio brasileiro incitam essa investigação. O primeiro deles encontra-se no histórico de mudanças de regime cambial do Brasil e das demais economias emergentes, as quais geralmente têm ocorrido em momentos de crises internacionais por impossibilidade dos governos em sustentar o regime vigente. O segundo assenta-se na dinâmica recente do real cuja variação tem se descolado da dinâmica das demais moedas commodities currencies. Por fim, o terceiro ponto está nas inovações recentes em política de intervenção das autoridades monetárias e fiscais visando à gestão da cotação da moeda com medidas tais como as modificações das alíquotas do IOF sobre operações cambiais. Para o alcance dos objetivos foi utilizado o modelo Markov Switching desenvolvido por Hamilton (1989) aplicado ao modelo estrutural de curto prazo para taxa de câmbio...

Análise do mecanismo de transmissão dos preços internacionais de commodities agrícolas sobre o comportamento da taxa de câmbio real no Brasil

Margarido, Mario Antonio; Felippe, Cauê Serigati; Bruno, Benzaquen Perosa
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper examined the transmission mechanism of international prices of agricultural commodities into the real exchange rate in Brazil for the period from January 2000 to February 2010. We used time series models (ARIMA Model, Transfer Model, Intervention Analysis, Johansen Cointegration Test) in determination of the short and long run elasticities. Transfer Function Model results show that changes in international prices of agricultural commodities are transmitted to the real exchange rate in Brazil in the short run, however, that transmission is less than unity, thus configuring the inelastic relationship. Johansen cointegration tests show that these variables are not co-integrated, no longer converge to the long-run equilibrium. These results are in agreement Cashim et al. (2004), which also found no long run relationship between real exchange rate and commodity prices in the case of Brazil. These results show that monetary shocks have greater weight on changes of the real exchange rate than real shocks.

As repercussões econômicas da elevação dos preços das commodities internacionais sobre a economia chilena

Bochi, Izadora
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
Este trabalho tem como objetivo avaliar as repercussões que a recente alta dos preços das commodities provoca na economia chilena. Dessa forma, o interesse central da análise é evidenciar os efeitos da referida alta sobre os principais indicadores macroeconômicos do Chile. Para atingir tal objetivo, buscou-se fazer uma detalhada análise descritiva da trajetória econômica chilena entre os anos 2000 e primeiro semestre de 2011. Ademais, é apresentado um ligeiro histórico do governo chileno, a partir de 1973, com o Golpe Militar, para se observar as transformações ocorridas na economia chilena nas últimas três décadas. Os indicadores através dos quais se analisa as consequências da elevação dos preços das commodities, ao longo dos últimos três anos, são o saldo da balança comercial, a taxa de câmbio real, o índice de inflação e a variação do crescimento econômico. As evidências deste trabalho sugerem que, apesar do Chile ser um país extremamente dependente do setor primário, a economia chilena possui características diferenciadas de outras economias em desenvolvimento, uma vez que essas têm proporcionado ao país pequenas oscilações nos níveis de preços interno e crescimento estabilizado.; This work aims at evaluating the impact that the recent rise of commodities prices causes in Chilean economy. Thus...

A Utilização do modelo de ultrapassagem (Overshooting) dos preços das commodities como modelo de previsão da inflação futura

Boassi, Rinald
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 118 p.| il., grafs., tabs.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Sócio-Econômico, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia, Florianópolis, 2010; Este trabalho busca verificar a ocorrência da ultrapassagem dos preços das commodities do seu equilíbrio de longo prazo. De acordo com a literatura, a maior flexibilidade dos preços das commodities faz com que parte do choque que deverá ser absorvido pelos preços rígidos no longo prazo, acabam sendo absorvidos primeiramente pelos preços das commodities, levando ao efeito de overshooting, similar ao modelo de Dornbusch (1976) para o mercado cambial. A dissertação discute a possibilidade de utilização do Índice de Preços das Commodities (CPI) para prever o Índice de Preços ao Consumidor Amplo (IPCA), bem como sua utilização como meta intermediária da política monetária, dado o seu impacto sobre o IPCA. Os resultados demonstram que o a variação do CPI tem pouco impacto no IPCA, dada a forte correlação deste índice com os preços administrados. Além disso, a política monetária brasileira tem pouco efeito sobre a determinação dos preços das commodities, dado que este é definido de forma exógena pelo comércio internacional. Contudo, embora os preços das commodities não tenham grande impacto sobre o IPCA...

Taxa de câmbio, exportações e crescimento: uma investigação sobre a hipótese de doença holandesa no Brasil

Veríssimo,Michele Polline; Xavier,Clésio Lourenço
Fonte: Editora 34 Publicador: Editora 34
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper investigates the hypothesis of Dutch disease in Brazil by the existence of a negative relationship between commodity exports and the real exchange rate, and the effects of export specialization in commodities on the Brazilian economic growth from 1999 to 2010 based on VAR model. The evidences suggested an expressive importance of commodities exports in explaining the real exchange rate changes. Moreover, commodities exports shocks were relevant to explain Brazilian economic growth rate changes, which supports the "curse" of natural resources literature.

Does Higher Openness Cause More Real Exchange Rate Volatility?

Calderón, César; Kubota, Megumi
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The "New Open Economy Macroeconomics" argues that: (a) non-monetary factors have gained importance in explaining exchange rate volatility, and (b) trade and financial openness may have a potential role of mitigating and/or amplifying real and nominal shocks to real exchange rates. The goal of the present paper is to examine the ability of trade and financial openness to exacerbate or mitigate real exchange rate volatility. The authors collected information on the real effective exchange rate, its fundamentals, and (outcome and policy measures of) trade and financial openness for a sample of industrial and developing countries for the period 1975-2005. Using instrumental variables techniques, the analysis finds that: (a) High real exchange rate volatility is the result of highly volatile productivity shocks, and sharp oscillations in monetary and fiscal policy shocks. (b) Countries more integrated with international markets of goods and services tend to display more stable real exchange rate fluctuations. (c) Financial openness seems to amplify the fluctuations in real exchange rates. (d) The composition of trade and capital flows plays a role in explaining the smoothing properties of trade and financial openness. Although the former is mainly driven by manufacturing trade...

Oil Spills on Other Commodities

Baffes, John
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper examines the effect of crude oil prices on the prices of 35 internationally traded primary commodities for the 1960-2005 period. It finds that the pass-through of crude oil price changes to the overall non-energy commodity index is 0.16. At a more disaggregated level, the fertilizer index had the highest pass-through (0.33), followed by agriculture (0.17), and metals (0.11). The prices of precious metals also exhibited a strong response to the crude oil price. In terms of individual commodities, the estimates of the food group exhibited remarkable similarity while those of raw materials and metals gave a mixed picture. The implication is that if crude oil prices remain high for some time, as most analysts expect, then the recent commodity price boom is likely to last much longer than earlier booms, at least for food commodities. The other commodities, however, are likely to follow diverging paths. On the methodological side, the results show that price indices, while providing useful summary statistics...

The Real Exchange Rate and Export Growth : Are Services Different?

Eichengreen, Barry; Gupta, Poonam
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
This paper considers the determinants of exports of modern services and traditional services. It considers the growth of export volumes as well as export surges, that is, the periods of rapid sustained export growth. It asks whether the determinants of export growth rates and export surges differ between merchandise, traditional services, and modern services and whether developing countries are different. It confirm the importance of the real exchange rate for export growth. The paper finds that the effect of the real exchange rate is even stronger for exports of services than for exports of goods and that it is especially strong for exports of modern services. The results suggest that in the course of their development, as developing countries shift from exporting commodities and merchandise to exporting traditional and modern services, appropriate policies toward the real exchange rate become even more important.

Preferences, Purchasing Power Parity, and Inequality

Majumder, Amita; Ray, Ranjan; Santra, Sattwik
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
This paper makes analytical, methodological and empirical contributions to the literature on purchasing power parity. Purchasing power parities are required in a host of cross-country welfare comparisons, such as poverty rates and gross domestic product. The subject has recently generated much interest in the wake of the release of the final results of the 2011 International Comparison Program. This paper introduces a preference-based analytical framework that departs from the conventional Balassa-Samuelson framework in deriving empirically verifiable propositions on the link between purchasing power parity and exchange rates, and between purchasing power parity and inequality. The paper also provides an alternative methodology for calculating purchasing power parities that are benchmarked against the 2011 International Comparison Program purchasing power parities. As this study shows, the alternative methodology is capable of easy implementation on readily available data sets. The benchmarking exercise suggests that the 2011 International Comparison Program generally understates purchasing power parity and overstates gross domestic product...

Over the Hedge : Exchange Rate Volatility, Commodity Price Correlations, and the Structure of Trade

Raddatz, Claudio
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A long empirical literature has examined the idea that, in the absence of hedging mechanisms, currency risk should have an adverse effect on the export volumes of risk averse exporters. But there are no clear conclusions from this literature, and the current consensus seems to be that there is at most a weak negative effect of exchange rate volatility on aggregate trade flows. However, most of this literature examines the impact of exchange rate volatility on aggregate trade flows, implicitly assuming a uniform impact of this volatility on exporters across sectors. This paper explots the fact that, if exchange rate volatility is detrimental for trade, firms exporting goods that offer a natural hedge against exchange rate fluctuations -- i.e. those whose international price is negatively correlated with the nominal exchange rate of the country where they operate -- should be relatively benefited in environments of high exchange rate volatility, and capture a larger share of the country's export basket. This hypothesis is tested using detailed data on the composition of trade of 132 countries at 4-digit SITC level. The results show that the commodities that offer natural hedge capture a larger share of a country's export basket when the exchange rate is volatile...

Aid Inflows and the Real Effective Exchange Rate in Tanzania

Li, Ying; Rowe, Francis
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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36.27%
Tanzania is well placed to receive a significant increase in aid inflows in coming years. Despite the potential for the additional aid inflows to raise income levels in the country, increasing them may bring about structural changes in the economy that may be unwelcome. One such change is an appreciation of the real exchange rate that leads to a contraction of traditional export sectors and a loss of export competitiveness. This paper employs a reduced-form equilibrium real exchange rate approach to explain movements in Tanzania's real effective exchange in recent decades. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between aid inflows and the real effective exchange rate. The authors find that the long-run behavior of the real effective exchange rate is influenced by terms of trade movements, the government's trade liberalization efforts, and aid inflows. Positive terms-of-trade movements are associated with an appreciation, periods of improving trade liberalization are associated with a depreciation...

How Do Agricultural Policy Restrictions to Global Trade and Welfare Differ across Commodities?

Lloyd, Peter J.; Croser, Johanna L.; Anderson, Kym
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
For decades the world's agricultural markets have been highly distorted by national government policies, but very differently for different commodities. Hence a weighted average across countries of nominal rates of assistance or consumer tax equivalents for a product can be misleading as an indicator of the trade or welfare effects of policies affecting that product's global market. This is especially the case when some countries tax and others subsidize its production or consumption. This article develops a new set of more-satisfactory indicators for that purpose, drawing on the recent literature on trade restrictiveness indexes. It then exploits a global agricultural distortions database recently compiled by the World Bank to generate the first set of estimates of those two indicators for each of 28 key agricultural commodities from 1960 to 2004, based on a sample of 75 countries that together account for more than three-quarters of the world's production of those agricultural commodities. These reveal the considerable extent of reforms in agricultural policies of developing as well as high-income countries over the past two decades.

Cote d’Ivoire : Competitiveness, Cocoa, and the Real Exchange Rate

Bogetic, Zeljko; Espina, Carlos; Noer, John
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
This paper explores competitiveness of Cote d'Ivoire's economy over a long period of 1960-2003 and its link with cocoa prices. The main conclusions are as follows. First, using four measures of real effective exchange rate (REER) for the 1960-2002 period, we track the evolution of REER and conclude, inter alia, that until 2003, REER remained well below its 1994 level. Second, we find that based on our measure of the multilateral REER with dynamic weights, which covers most recorded trade, France no longer dominates Cote d'Ivoire's trade. Instead, Cote d'Ivoire has diversified its set of trading partners. Unfortunately, it has also specialized in one export product, raw cocoa. This paper aims to contribute to the question to what extent do cocoa prices affect Cote d'Ivoire's competitiveness in world trade? Third, the answer to this question is that cocoa prices are an important determinant of Cote d'Ivoire's competitiveness. Similar to the case of a classic "Dutch Disease," increases in the real world price of a "natural resource" (i.e....

Trade, Foreign Exchange, and Energy Policies in the Islamic Republic of Iran : Reform Agenda, Economic Implications, and Impact on the Poor

Jensen, Jesper; Tarr, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
The Islamic Republic of Iran has committed itself to substantial trade and market reform in its Third Five-Year Development Plan. It started out with nontariff barriers on all products, a dual exchange rate regime with the market rate more than four times the official rate, and domestic energy subsidies equal to about 90 percent of the cost of energy products. Many of these policies were justified as helping the poor. To analyze the effect of the reforms, separately and together, the authors develop a multisector computable general equilibrium model with 10 rural and 10 urban households. They find that the combined reforms could generate welfare gains equal to about 50 percent of aggregate consumer income. These gains reflect the large initial distortions-for example, energy subsidies equal to about 18 percent of GDP, and retail energy prices equal to about 10 percent of world market prices. Separately, trade reform would lead to gains of about 5 percent of income, exchange rate reform to gains of 7 percent of income...

Systemic behavior of a Brazilian municipality whose economy is based on agricultural commodities.

BULLER, L. S.; ORTEGA, E.; ZANETTI, M. R.; LIMA, I.
Fonte: In: BIENNIAL INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ADVANCES IN ENERGY STUDIES, 9., 2015, Stockholm. Energy and urban systems. [Graz]: Verlag der Technischen Universität Graz, 2015. BIWAES 2015. Publicador: In: BIENNIAL INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ADVANCES IN ENERGY STUDIES, 9., 2015, Stockholm. Energy and urban systems. [Graz]: Verlag der Technischen Universität Graz, 2015. BIWAES 2015.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Formato: 8 p.
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
The municipality evaluated is São Gabriel do Oeste, located in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. In the 1960's the region was occupied by migrants from southern Brazil who have converted native vegetation (savanna) into extensive cattle and monocrops (coffee, cotton, soybeans and corn, successively), and more recently intensive swine was introduced. The following emergy indicators were calculated for the current municipal situation: Renewability (%R): 8%; Emergy yield ratio (EYR): 14; Emergy investment ratio (EIR): 0.08; Environmental loading ratio (ELR): 11; Emergy exchange ratio (EER): 13 and Transformity of the commodities: 8x105seJ.J-1. The very low %R and high environmental pressure (ELR) signalize that the municipality's economy is highly dependent on external inputs. Above all, there is a high loss of system internal stocks (soil) and the high EYR obtained is directly related to this predatory land use. The emergy value of the soil loss is 83% of the total emergy, which is an environmental imbalanced situation. The main land use in São Gabriel do Oeste, accounting for 39% of the territory, is extensive cattle farming that demands few agricultural inputs, what explains the very low EIR. The EER shows that the rural area is subsidizing urban economies that import products from the study area. The real value of the agricultural products should be 13 times the market value of such commodities to be considered as a fair trade. The inclusion of soil loss as a negative externality shows that (in economic terms) the amount of soil lost by erosion and leaching (4...

Tracking ability of metal exchange traded funds (etfs)

Sousa, João Miguel Lança Tavares de
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Master of Science in Finance / JEL Classification System G10 and G11; Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are investment funds traded in stock exchanges that have recently been introduced and have been growing significantly over the last few years. Despite the vast number of research studies on this topic, there has been a certain lack of attention directed to Commodity ETFs and their suitability as an alternative investment in commodities. In order to understand their viability as an investment and their capacity in tracking their benchmarks, this study analyzes a sample of 27 metal ETFs, traded on the NYSE Arca. The focus of this thesis is the weekly tracking ability of ETFs, evaluated through a linear regression, tracking error tests and performance analysis indicators. Then, it is also tested the potential mispricing to understand if the ETFs are traded at their “fair prices” or if their price tend to deviate from their net asset values (NAV). The linear regression and the tracking error results show that most ETFs have negative alphas, although not statistically significant. In addition, they also show strong correlations and low deviations from the benchmarks, where the physically-backed have the smallest values. Regarding the performance...

Dependence analysis of ethanol, suga, oil, BRL/USD exchange rate and Bovespa: a vine copula approach; Dependence analysis of ethanol, suga, oil, BRL/USD exchange rate and Bovespa: a vine copula approach

Resende, Anderson Gomes; Candido, Osvaldo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/09/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
The aim of this study is to assess the dependence relationship of the sugarcane sector (represented by Ethanol and Sugar), Oil, BRL/USD Exchange Rate and Brazilian stock market (represented by the BOVESPA – Bolsa de Valores de São Paulo – Index). Our methodology is based on paircopulas constructions, in which tree specification are compared: Regular Vine, more general, and two particular cases, Canonical vine (C-vine) and Drawable vine (D-vine). Primary results are shown to be aligned with the existing literature but they can change significantly when conditional dependence is taken into account.; Este trabalho tempor objetivo analisar a relação de dependência entreo setor sucroalcooleiro (representado por Etanol e Açúcar), Petróleo, Taxade Câmbio R$/US$ e o mercado acionário brasileiro (representado pelo índiceBOVESPA). A metodologia utilizada é baseada em pair-cópulas e sãocomparadas três especificações: Regular Vine, a forma mais geral, e doiscasos particulares Vine Canônico e Drawable vine. Os resultados obtidosindicaram relações de dependência alinhadas com a literatura existente,mas mostraramque estas relações se alteram significativamente quando adependência condicional é levada em conta.

Exchange networks and free shops in Berlin: gifts and commodities in ‘alternative’ consumption experiences

Muriel,Irene Sabaté
Fonte: Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia - CRIA Publicador: Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia - CRIA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper is based on an ethnography of ‘alternative’ consumption practices in the inner city of the former East Berlin. Non-monetary exchange networks (Tauschringe) and ‘free shops’ (Umsonstläden) have been examined. In Umsonstläden, the contemporary ideology of the ‘pure’ gift (Parry 1986; Carrier 1995) is at play: objects are freely given and totally alienated from their owners. In turn, Tauschringe sometimes induce gift-giving practices entailing mutual obligation, as a result of frequent exchanges which bring participants socially closer. The ethnographic material I present challenges the suitability of a conceptual gift/commodity divide to examine these experiences, provided that different modalities of gift-giving are articulated with commoditisation trends. Considering this complexity, I propose a re-examination of the role of the gift in ‘alternative’ consumption practices promoted by social movements in Berlin.