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SURGICAL OUTCOMES AND PROGNOSTIC FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH SYNCHRONOUS COLORECTAL LIVER METASTASES

FONTANA,Rafael; HERMAN,Paulo; PUGLIESE,Vincenzo; PERINI,Marcos Vinicius; COELHO,Fabricio Ferreira; CECCONELLO,Ivan
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
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Context Colorectal cancer is the second most prevalent cancer worldwide, and the liver is the most common site of metastases. Surgical resection of colorectal liver metastases provides the sole possibility of cure and the best odds of long-term survival. Objectives To describe surgical outcomes and identify features associated with disease prognosis in patients submitted to synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastasis resection. Methods Retrospective study of 59 patients who underwent surgery for synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastasis. Actuarial survival and disease-free survival were assessed, depending on the prognostic variable of interest. Results Postoperative mortality and morbidity rates were 3.38% and 30.50% respectively. Five-year disease-free survival was estimated at 23.96%, and 5-year overall survival, at 38.45%. Carcinoembryonic antigen levels ≥50 ng/mL and presence of three or more liver metastasis were limiting factors for disease-free survival, but did not affect late survival. No patient with liver metastases and extrahepatic disease had disease-free interval longer than 20 months, but this had no significance or impact on long-term survival. None of the prognostic factors assessed had an impact on late survival...

MALIGNANCY IN LARGE COLORECTAL LESIONS

SANTOS,Carlos Eduardo Oliveira dos; MALAMAN,Daniele; CARVALHO,Tiago dos Santos; LOPES,César Vivian; PEREIRA-LIMA,Júlio Carlos
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
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56.56%
Context The size of colorectal lesions, besides a risk factor for malignancy, is a predictor for deeper invasion Objectives To evaluate the malignancy of colorectal lesions ≥20 mm. Methods Between 2007 and 2011, 76 neoplasms ≥20 mm in 70 patients were analyzed Results The mean age of the patients was 67.4 years, and 41 were women. Mean lesion size was 24.7 mm ± 6.2 mm (range: 20 to 50 mm). Half of the neoplasms were polypoid and the other half were non-polypoid. Forty-two (55.3%) lesions were located in the left colon, and 34 in the right colon. There was a high prevalence of III L (39.5%) and IV (53.9%) pit patterns. There were 72 adenomas and 4 adenocarcinomas. Malignancy was observed in 5.3% of the lesions. Thirty-three lesions presented advanced histology (adenomas with high-grade dysplasia or early adenocarcinoma), with no difference in morphology and site. Only one lesion (1.3%) invaded the submucosa. Lesions larger than 30 mm had advanced histology (P = 0.001). The primary treatment was endoscopic resection, and invasive carcinoma was referred to surgery. Recurrence rate was 10.6%. Conclusions Large colorectal neoplasms showed a low rate of malignancy. Endoscopic treatment is an effective therapy for these lesions.

Correlation between location, size and histologic type of colorectal polyps at the presence of dysplasia and adenocarcinoma

Valarini,Sandra Beatriz Marion; Bortoli,Vinícius Tomadon; Wassano,Noelle Suemi; Pukanski,Maiara Fontes; Maggi,Dariana Carla; Bertollo,Lucas Amadeu
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
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Adenocarcinoma represents 96-98% of colorectal neoplasms, and neoplastic polyps (adenomas) are their precursors. The aim of this study is to correlate size, location and histologic type of colorectal polyps at the presence of dysplasia and adenocarcinoma. Methods: Colonoscopies from January/2007 to December/2008 were retrospectively studied, in order to evaluate the characteristics of the polyps. Results and Discussion: Out of the 2,401 analyzed colonoscopies, 583 (24.3%) presented polyps. Due to the lack of histopathologic data, 139 exams were excluded. Mean age of the patients was 58±12 years, and 60% were females. Polyps were prevalent in the left colon (38.5%) and rectum (32.5%). Out of the 850 polyps which were histologically examined, 55.17% were tubular adenomas; 21.88%, hyperplastic; 17.05%, serrated; 5.4%, tubulovillous; and 0.47%, villous. As to polyps £1.0 cm, dysplasia was observed in 16.0% and adenocarcinoma in 1.9%. Those >1.0 cm, 72.0% (p<0.001) presented dysplasia, and 25.3% (p<0.001) presented adenocarcinoma. Polyps in the right and transverse colon were strongly associated with dysplasia (17.8% and 16.7%). Adenocarcinomas were prevalent in the left colon (2.5%) and rectum (2.1%). Conclusion: Polyps were more frequent in the left colon and rectum. The right and transverse colons were strongly correlated with dysplasia. Those of the left colon and rectum were associated with adenocarcinoma. Lesions >1.0 cm were positively related to dysplasia and neoplasm.

Fecal occult blood test and flexible rectosigmoidoscopy: tools for the screening of colorectal neoplasms in asymptomatic patients

Jucá,Mario Jorge; Assunção,Paulo Roberto Torres; Hasten-Reiter Júnior,Hermann Nogueira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
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PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and flexible rectosigmoidoscopy (RSS), as tools used in the CRC screening, in asymptomatic patients, from 50 years of age. METHODS: The study is transversal and presents a sample of 102 individuals. The FOBT used was the guaiaco, FECA-CULT(r) method, held at a single time, in feces collected from a complete evacuation. Individuals, who presented the positive FOBT, were sent to colonoscopy complement, although this is not primary variable examined in this study. All subjects underwent to flexible RSS, after bowel preparation, using a solution of sodium phosphate monobasic monohydrate and dibasic sodium phosphate heptahydrate. RESULTS: Individuals showed minimum age of 50 years and maximum 82 years, 61.6 years average and standard deviation +8.1. Of the 102 individuals, 42 (41%) belong to the males, whereas 60 (58.8%) female. The FOBT presented 10 positive cases (9.8%) (IC 95%: 4.8-17.3%) and 92 negative cases (90.2%) (IC 95%; 82.7-95.2%). The FOBT was effective at 2.9% and presented false-positive result in 6.9%. The result of the FBOT association with flexible RSS showed that 70% of neoplastic polyps showed no bleeding. Its sensitivity was 30% (IC 95%: 0.00-63.40%)...

A prospective single centre study comparing computed tomography pneumocolon against colonoscopy in the detection of colorectal neoplasms

Miao, Y; Amin, Z; Healy, J; Burn, P; Murugan, N; Westaby, D; Allen-Mersh, T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2000 EN
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BACKGROUND AND AIMS—To determine the sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography (CT) pneumocolon in the detection of colorectal neoplasms.
METHODS—A total of 201 consecutive patients with colorectal symptoms or requiring surveillance for colorectal neoplasms underwent both conventional colonoscopy and CT pneumocolon.
RESULTS—On conventional colonoscopy 13 invasive colorectal carcinomas were detected in 13 patients, and 118 polyps in 63 patients (14 polyps were ⩾1 cm in diameter, 25 were 6-9 mm, and 79 were ⩽5 mm). CT pneumocolon detected all 13 cancers, two false positive cancers, but only 20 polyps (seven were ⩾1 cm). This resulted in a sensitivity of 100% (95% confidence interval (CI) 87-100%) and specificity of 99% (95% CI 97-100%) for detection of invasive carcinoma, and a sensitivity of 73% (95% CI 56-90%) and specificity of 94% (95% CI 91-98%) for detection of invasive carcinoma and/or ⩾1 cm polyps. CT pneumocolon also identified invasive carcinoma not seen at colonoscopy because of incomplete examination in three patients, and detected metastases in six colorectal carcinoma patients and extracolonic carcinoma in a further seven patients.
CONCLUSIONS—CT pneumocolon had a high sensitivity and specificity for detection of invasive colorectal carcinoma but not colorectal polyps. CT pneumocolon may be suitable for initial investigation of patients with symptoms of colorectal malignancy.


Keywords: computed tomography; colonoscopy; colorectal cancer; colonic polyps

Relationship between CD44 expression and cell proliferation in epithelium and stroma of colorectal neoplasms.

Furuta, K.; Zahurak, M.; Yang, X. L.; Rosada, C.; Goodman, S. N.; August, J. T.; Hamilton, S. R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1996 EN
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The cell surface glycoprotein CD44 is expressed primarily in the region of cell replication in the lower crypt epithelium of colorectal mucosa, and its expression is markedly increased in colorectal neoplasms, suggesting that expression is linked to proliferation. The association between CD44 expression and replication in individual cells was therefore analyzed by double-label immunohistochemistry for CD44 and the cell-cycle-dependent protein proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Enhanced expression of CD44 in colorectal neoplasms occurred not only in epithelial cells but also in stromal cells, including lymphocytes and macrophages. On a topographical basis, the cellular localization of CD44 and PCNA were commonly different. Quantitatively, in all cell types studied (epithelial cells and stroma of colorectal mucosa, adenomas, and carcinomas) PCNA was present most frequently in cells lacking CD44. Statistical analysis by logistic regression models indicated that cells negative for CD44 had a higher probability of being positive for PCNA than did cells positive for CD44 (P < 0.001). These data suggest that the enhanced level of CD44 in colorectal neoplasms is asynchronous with cell replication and reflects mechanisms that act on nonproliferative stromal lymphocytes and other mononuclear cells as well as the epithelial cells.

Clinical significance of type VI pit pattern subclassification in determining the depth of invasion of colorectal neoplasms

Kanao, Hiroyuki; Tanaka, Shinji; Oka, Shiro; Kaneko, Iwao; Yoshida, Shigeto; Arihiro, Koji; Yoshihara, Masaharu; Chayama, Kazuaki
Fonte: The WJG Press and Baishideng Publicador: The WJG Press and Baishideng
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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AIM: To clarify whether subclassification of the type VI pit pattern on the basis of magnifying colonoscopy findings is useful in determining the type and depth of invasion of colorectal neoplasms.

Endoscopic submucosal dissection for colorectal neoplasms

Fujishiro, Mitsuhiro
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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46.59%
Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) gains acceptance as one of the standard treatments for esophageal and stomach neoplasms in Japan, it is still in the developing stage for colorectal neoplasms. In terms of indications, little likelihood of nodal metastasis and technical resectability are principally considered. Some of intramucosal neoplasms, carcinomas with minute submucosal invasion, and carcinoid tumors, which are technically unresectable by conventional endoscopic treatments, may become good candidates for ESD, considering substantial risks and obtained benefits. ESD as a staging measure to obtain histological information of the invasion depth and lymphovascular infiltration is acceptable because preoperative prediction is difficult in some cases. In terms of techniques, advantages of ESD in comparison with other endoscopic treatments are to be controllable in size and shape, and to be resectable even in large and fibrotic neoplasms. The disadvantages may be longer procedure time, heavier bleeding, and higher possibility of perforation. However, owing to refinement of the techniques, invention of devices, and the learning curve, acceptable technical safety has been achieved. Colorectal ESD is very promising and become one of the standard treatments for colorectal neoplasms in the near future.

Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for Early Colorectal Neoplasms: Clinical Experience in a Tertiary Medical Center in Taiwan

Tseng, Mei-Yu; Lin, Jung-Chun; Huang, Tien-Yu; Shih, Yu-Lueng; Chu, Heng-Cheng; Chang, Wei-Kuo; Hsieh, Tsai-Yuan; Chen, Peng-Jen
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Objectives. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a promising technique to treat early colorectal neoplasms by facilitating en bloc resection without size limitations. Although ESD for early gastrointestinal epithelial neoplasms has been popular in Japan, clinical experience with colorectal ESD has been rarely reported in Taiwan. Methods. From March 2006 to December 2011, 92 consecutive patients with early colorectal neoplasms resected by ESD at Tri-Service General Hospital were included. ESD was performed for colorectal epithelial neoplasms with a noninvasive pit pattern which had the following criteria: (1) lesions difficult to remove en bloc with a snare, such as laterally spreading tumors-nongranular type (LST-NG) ≧20 mm and laterally spreading tumors-granular type (LST-G) ≧30 mm; (2) lesions with fibrosis or which had recurred after endoscopic mucosal resection with a nonlifting sign. Results. The mean age of the patients was 66.3 ± 12.9 years, and the male-female ratio was 1.8 : 1. The mean tumor size was 37.2 ± 17.9 mm. The en bloc resection rate was 90.2% and the R0 resection rate was 89.1%. Perforations during ESD occurred in 11 patients (12.0%) and all of them were effectively treated by endoscopic closure with hemoclips. No delayed perforation or postoperative bleeding was recorded. There were no procedure-related morbidities or mortalities. Conclusion. ESD is an effective method for en bloc resection of large early colorectal neoplasms and those with a nonlifting sign. An endoscopic technique to close perforations is essential for colorectal ESD.

15-Hydroxyprostaglandin Dehydrogenase in Colorectal Mucosa as a Potential Biomarker for Predicting Colorectal Neoplasms

Lee, Hyo Jeong; Yang, Dong-Hoon; Ryu, Yeon-Mi; Song, Miyeoun; Song, Ho June; Jung, Kee Wook; Kim, Kyung-Jo; Ye, Byong Duk; Byeon, Jeong-Sik; Choi, Eun Kyung; Yang, Suk-Kyun; Kim, Jin-Ho; Myung, Seung-Jae
Fonte: The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences Publicador: The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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15-Hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) is downregulated during the early stages of colorectal carcinogenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential role of 15-PGDH in normal-appearing colorectal mucosa as a biomarker for predicting colorectal neoplasms. We obtained paired tumor and normal tissues from the surgical specimens of 32 sporadic colorectal cancer patients. mRNA expression of 15-PGDH was measured using a quantitative real-time PCR assay. We evaluated the association between 15-PGDH mRNA expression in normal-appearing mucosa, the presence of synchronous adenoma, and the cumulative incidence of metachronous adenoma. The relative 15-PGDH expression of normal-appearing mucosa in patients with synchronous adenoma was significantly lower than in patients without synchronous adenoma (0.71 vs 1.00, P = 0.044). The patients in the lowest tertile of 15-PGDH expression in normal-appearing mucosa were most likely to have synchronous adenoma (OR: 10.5, P = 0.024). Patients with low 15-PGDH expression in normal-appearing mucosa also demonstrated more advanced stage colorectal cancer (P = 0.045). However, there was no significant difference in the cumulative incidence of metachronous adenoma according to 15-PGDH mRNA expression in normal-appearing mucosa (P = 0.333). Hence...

Endoscopic submucosal dissection for colorectal neoplasms: A review

Sakamoto, Taku; Mori, Genki; Yamada, Masayoshi; Kinjo, Yuzuru; So, Eriko; Abe, Seiichiro; Otake, Yosuke; Nakajima, Takeshi; Matsuda, Takahisa; Saito, Yutaka
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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46.5%
The introduction of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has expanded the application of endoscopic treatment, which can be used for lesions with a low metastatic potential regardless of their size. ESD has the advantage of achieving en bloc resection with a lower local recurrence rate compared with that of piecemeal endoscopic mucosal resection. Moreover, in the past, surgery was indicated in patients with large lesions spreading to almost the entire circumference of the rectum, regardless of the depth of invasion, as endoscopic resection of these lesions was technically difficult. Therefore, a prime benefit of ESD is significant improvement in the quality of life for patients who have large rectal lesions. On the other hand, ESD is not as widely applied in the treatment of colorectal neoplasms as it is in gastric cancers owing to the associated technical difficulty, longer procedural duration, and increased risk of perforation. To diversify the available endoscopic treatment strategies for superficial colorectal neoplasms, endoscopists performing ESD need to recognize its indications, the technical issues involved in its application, and the associated complications. This review outlines the methods and type of devices used for colorectal ESD...

A descriptive study of persistent oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with colorectal cancer

Vatandoust, S.; Joshi, R.; Pitman, K.; Esterman, A.; Broadbridge, V.; Adams, J.; Singhal, N.; Yeend, S.; Price, T.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
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Background: Prolonged neurotoxicity after systemic chemotherapy has the potential to impact on quality of life. We explored the frequency of persistent peripheral neuropathy in patients who received oxaliplatin for colorectal cancer at two local centres. Patients and methods: Questionnaires were sent to patients who completed treatment with oxaliplatin for colorectal cancer at least 20 months prior to entering the study. Neuropathy questions were adapted from the FACT/GOG-Ntx (V.4) questionnaire. Results: Of the 56 eligible patients, 27 returned the questionnaire. Twenty-five patients (93 %) experienced neuropathic symptoms during their treatment; 11 had grade-2, and two had grade-3 symptoms. At the time of completing the questionnaire, 17 patients (63.0 %; 95%CI 43.9–79.4 %) were still symptomatic with 12 patients (44.4 %; 95%CI 26.8–63.3) having grade-2 or grade-3 symptoms and three patients (11.1 %; 95%CI 2.9–27.3) having grade-3 neuropathic symptoms. Participants who received more than 900 mg/m2 oxaliplatin had a significantly higher risk of persistent grade-2 or grade-3 neuropathy (p = 0.031, RR = 8.3 95%CI = 1.2–57.4). There was a trend toward increased risk of persistent neuropathy of any grade among participants with a history of regular alcohol use (p = 0.051; RR = 1.7 95%CI 1.0–2.8). Conclusion: Persistent oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy is not as uncommon as previously suggested...

Risks of colorectal and other cancers after endometrial cancer for women with lynch syndrome

Win, A.K.; Lindor, N.M.; Winship, I.; Tucker, K.M.; Buchanan, D.D.; Young, J.P.; Rosty, C.; Leggett, B.; Giles, G.G.; Goldblatt, J.; Macrae, F.A.; Parry, S.; Kalady, M.F.; Baron, J.A.; Ahnen, D.J.; Marchand, L.L.; Gallinger, S.; Haile, R.W.; Newcomb, P.A.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
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BACKGROUND: Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder caused by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Previous studies have shown that MMR gene mutation carriers are at increased risk of colorectal, endometrial, and several other cancers following an initial diagnosis of colorectal cancer. We estimated cancer risks following an endometrial cancer diagnosis for women carrying MMR gene mutations. METHODS: We obtained data from the Colon Cancer Family Registry for a cohort of 127 women who had a diagnosis of endometrial cancer and who carried a mutation in one of four MMR genes (30 carried a mutation in MLH1, 72 in MSH2, 22 in MSH6, and 3 in PMS2). We used the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate 10- and 20-year cumulative risks for each cancer. We estimated the age-, country-, and calendar period-specific standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) for each cancer, compared with the general population. RESULTS: Following endometrial cancer, women carrying MMR gene mutations had the following 20-year risks of other cancer cancers: colorectal cancer (48%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 35% to 62%); cancer of the kidney, renal pelvis, or ureter (11%, 95% CI = 3% to 20%); urinary bladder cancer (9%, 95% CI = 2% to 17%); and breast cancer (11%...

Risks of primary extracolonic cancers following colorectal cancer in Lynch syndrome

Win, A.K.; Lindor, N.M.; Young, J.P.; Macrae, F.A.; Young, G.P.; Williamson, E.; Parry, S.; Goldblatt, J.; Lipton, L.; Winship, I.; Leggett, B.; Tucker, K.M.; Giles, G.G.; Buchanan, D.D.; Clendenning, M.; Rosty, C.; Arnold, J.; Joan Levine, A.; Haile, R.W
Fonte: Oxford University Press (OUP) Publicador: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
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BACKGROUND: Lynch syndrome is a highly penetrant cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. We estimated the risks of primary cancers other than colorectal cancer following a diagnosis of colorectal cancer in mutation carriers. METHODS: We obtained data from the Colon Cancer Family Registry for 764 carriers of an MMR gene mutation (316 MLH1, 357 MSH2, 49 MSH6, and 42 PMS2), who had a previous diagnosis of colorectal cancer. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate their cumulative risk of cancers 10 and 20 years after colorectal cancer. We estimated the age-, sex-, country- and calendar period-specific standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of cancers following colorectal cancer, compared with the general population. RESULTS: Following colorectal cancer, carriers of MMR gene mutations had the following 10-year risk of cancers in other organs: kidney, renal pelvis, ureter, and bladder (2%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1% to 3%); small intestine, stomach, and hepatobiliary tract (1%, 95% CI = 0.2% to 2%); prostate (3%, 95% CI = 1% to 5%); endometrium (12%, 95% CI = 8% to 17%); breast (2%, 95% CI = 1% to 4%); and ovary (1%, 95% CI = 0% to 2%). They were at elevated risk compared with the general population: cancers of the kidney...

Co-expression of trypsin and tumour-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI) in colorectal adenocarcinomas

Solakidi, S.; Tiniakos, D.G.; Petraki, K.; Stathopoulos, G.P.; Markaki, I.; Androulakis, G.; Sekeris, C.E.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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Trypsin and its specific inhibitor, TATI (tumour-associated trypsin inhibitor), are expressed in normal human pancreas and in a variety of tumours. The aim of the present study was to assess the parallel expression of trypsin and TATI in colorectal cancer, in comparison with their expression in normal epithelial tissue, since proteases and their inhibitors are thought to be co-expressed in malignant neoplasms. We also assessed the possible significance of their expression as a means of differentiation between normal and malignant tissue. We examined qualitatively and semiquantitatively the immunohistochemical expression of trypsin and TATI on paraffin-embedded serial tissue sections from 91 colorectal adenocarcinomas. The reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain reaction (RTPCR) was also performed on fresh malignant tissue from 55 of the above adenocarcinomas. Normal and nonmalignant tissues adjacent to the tumours were also evaluated. Cytoplasmic expression of trypsin (more than 25% of the cancer cells positive) was found in 67 (73.6%) adenocarcinomas, whereas TATI was expressed in the cytoplasm of 59 (64.8%) cases studied. Statistical analysis using Spearman’s test has demonstrated a significant correlation between trypsin and TATI immunohistochemical expression (p<0.01). RT-PCR showed co-expression of trypsin and TATI mRNA in all carcinomas studied. Distinct patterns of trypsin and TATI immunohistochemical expression were observed in adjacent...

Prognostic Factors after Liver Resection for Colorectal Liver Metastasis; Factores de Prognóstico após Ressecção de Metástases Hepáticas de Cancro

Matias, Margarida; Department of Medical Oncology. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisbon. Portugal.; Casa-Nova, Mafalda; Department of Medical Oncology. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte. Lisbon. Portugal.; Faria, Mariana; Department of Medical Oncology. Ce
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; review; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2015 ENG
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Introduction: Surgery is the only potentially curative treatment for patients with colorectal liver metastases, resulting in 5-year survival rates of 36–58%. Although many studies have been performed to determine prognostic factors for tumor recurrence and survival after resection of colorectal liver metastases, there are few prognostic scoring systems stratifying patients undergoing surgery for colorectal liver metastases into risk group models.Objectives: To identify, evaluate and compare the existing prognostic scores for survival after surgery for resection of colorectal liver metastases.Material and Methods: Electronic search in PubMed, Cochrane and Embase from 1990 to 2013 using the terms ‘hepatic resection’, ‘colorectal cancer’, ‘liver metastasis’, ‘hepatectomy’, ‘prognostic’, and ‘score‘. Only studies proposing a prognostic model or risk stratification based on clinical and/or pathological variables were included.Results: From 1996 to June 2013, 19 scoring systems were identified, including one nomogram. Thirty prognostic factors were identified although none of the factors was common to all prognostic models. The 4 factors most often included were: number of liver metastases, regional lymph node metastization of primary tumor...

Endoscopic mucosal resection in colorectal lesion: a safe and effective procedure even in lesions larger than 2 cm and in carcinomas

Santos,Carlos Eduardo Oliveira dos; Malaman,Daniele; Pereira-Lima,Julio Carlos
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
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56.5%
CONTEXT: Endoscopic mucosal resection is a minimally invasive technique used in the treatment of colorectal neoplasms, including early carcinomas of different size and morphology. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate procedure safety, efficacy, outcomes, and recurrence rate in endoscopic mucosal resection of colorectal lesions. METHODS: A total of 172 lesions in 156 patients were analyzed between May 2003 and May 2009. All lesions showed pit pattern suggestive of neoplasia (Kudo types III-V) at high-magnification chromocolonoscopy with indigo carmine. The lesions were evaluated for macroscopic classification, size, location, and histopathology. Lesions 20 mm or smaller were resected en bloc and lesions larger than 20 mm were removed using the piecemeal technique. Complications and recurrence were analyzed. Patients were followed up for 18 months. RESULTS: There were 83 (48.2%) superficial lesions, 57 (33.1%) depressed lesions, 44 (25.6%) laterally spreading tumors, and 45 (26.2%) protruding lesions. Mean lesion size was 11.5 mm ± 9.6 mm (2 mm-60 mm). Patients' mean age was 61.6 ± 12.5 years (34-93 years). Regarding lesion site, 24 (14.0%) lesions were located in the rectum, 68 (39.5%) in the left colon, and 80 (46.5%) in the right colon (transverse...

Prognostic value of carcinoembryonic antigen distribution in tumor tissue of colorectal carcinoma

Nazato,Débora Maria; Matos,Leandro Luongo de; Waisberg,Daniel Reis; Souza,José Roberto Martins de; Martins,Lourdes Conceição; Waisberg,Jaques
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2009 EN
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CONTEXT: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) can be detected in colorectal tumor tissue but its role in the survival of patients remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the expression of tissue CEA using immunohistochemical staining in colorectal tumors and to analyze the relationship between this finding and preoperative plasmatic level of CEA, morphologic features and survival of patients operated with curative intent for colorectal carcinoma. METHOD: Forty-seven patients were included in the study: 18 (38.3%) males and 29 (61.7%) females, with a mean age of 67.8 ± 9.7 years (37 to 84 years). Immediately before laparotomy, pre-operative serum levels of CEA were obtained where normal levels were considered <2.5 ng/mL for non-smokers, and <5.0 ng/mL for smokers. CEA immunohistochemical studies were carried out using anti-human CEA monoclonal mouse antibody. The expression of immunostaining for each neoplasia was classified according to the pattern of CEA tissular distribution into apical or cytoplasmic. The variables considered for the statistical analysis were plasmatic preoperative CEA level, location of the lesion within the large intestine, lesion diameter, lymph node involvement, Duke's classification, vein invasion, grade of cellular differentiation...

Flow cytometric analysis of DNA synthetic phase fraction of the normal appearing colonic mucosa in patients with colorectal neoplasms.

Nakamura, S; Goto, J; Kitayama, Y; Sheffield, J P; Talbot, I C
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1995 EN
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DNA synthetic (S) phase fractions of normal appearing colonic mucosa in Japanese and British patients with colorectal neoplasms were compared with those in patients without colonic neoplasms. Normal crypts were isolated from fresh surgical specimens of the large intestine by the use of EDTA. After fixation with 70% ethanol, isolated crypts were digested with pepsin into single nuclei suspensions. These were stained with propidium iodide and examined by flow cytometry. S phase fraction was calculated from the flow cytometry DNA histogram using Baisch's method. S phase fractions of normal appearing crypts in Japanese and British patients with colorectal tumours were not significantly different and analysed together. S phase fraction of normal appearing colonic crypts in 14 patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) was 10.23 (2.59%) (mean SD)) ranging from 5.8 to 18.8. S phase fraction of background normal mucosal in patients with large adenomas (over 2 cm) and adenocarcinomas were 9.74 (3.76%) (range, 2.7-16.1) and 8.93 (3.54%) (range, 2.9-18.9) respectively. In normal mucosa of patients without any colorectal neoplasms, S phase fraction was 8.99 (3.94)% (range, 3.9-17.7). There was no statistically significant difference in S phase fractions of normal mucosa in the four groups. Our results show that an increase in proliferative activity of background colonic crypts is not necessary for tumour development.

Genética do câncer colorretal; Genetics of colorectal cancer

Cotti, Guilherme Cutait de Castro; Santos, Fábio Pires de Souza; Sebastianes, Fernando Moreno; Habr-Gama, Angelita; Seid, Victor Edmund; Martino, Rodrigo Bronze de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/10/2000 POR
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O câncer colorretal (CCR) é uma das neoplasias de maior importância atualmente, tanto por sua prevalência como por sua incidência, correspondendo a 10% de todas as neoplasias nos EUA. Contudo, nos últimos 50 anos, sua mortalidade permaneceu praticamente inalterada. Desde que Morson, em 1978, descreveu pela primeira vez a seqüênciaadenoma-carcinoma, a elucidação da genética molecular envolvida na patogênese do CCR passou a ser estudada intensamente e muitos avanços foram obtidos. Vários genes como APC, DCC e p53, entre outros, foram identificados como participantes da seqüência adenoma-carcinoma, estando envolvidos na gênese tumoral baseada na teoria de múltiplos passos, onde o acúmulo de mutações genéticas em células instáveis é o fator principal que acaba por originar o câncer. Há dois tipos básicos de CCR: o esporádico, que corresponde a 85% do total de casos de CCR; e o familiar, com cerca de 15% dos casos e destaque para a Polipose Adenomatosa Familiar (PAF) e o Câncer Colorretal Hereditário não-poliposo (HNPCC). As pesquisas atuais vêm decifrando o mecanismo de ação de tais genes, buscando determinar a importância e valor prognóstico dos mesmos. Espera-se que a elucidação completa de tais mecanismos permita uma diminuição não só da mortalidade do CCR...