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O uso de videogames, jogos de computador e internet por uma amostra de universitários da Universidade de São Paulo; The use of video, computer and internet games by a sample of college students from the University of São Paulo

SUZUKI, Fernanda Tomie Icassati; MATIAS, Marcelo Vieira; SILVA, Maria Teresa Araujo; OLIVEIRA, Maria Paula Magalhães Tavares de
Fonte: Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Publicador: Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
OBJETIVO: Avaliar uso de jogos eletrônicos (videogames, jogos de computador e internet) em uma amostra de universitários. MÉTODO: Um questionário a respeito de comportamentos relacionados ao uso de jogos eletrônicos, contendo a escala Problem Videogame Playing (PVP), foi aplicado em 100 alunos da Universidade de São Paulo (USP). RESULTADOS: A maioria (83%) relatou ter jogado no último ano, dentre a qual 81,9% eram homens, 51,8% jogavam de 1 a 2 horas por sessão; 74,4% afirmaram que jogar não interfere em seus relacionamentos sociais e 60,5%, que o uso de jogos violentos não influencia sua agressividade. Os estudantes dividiram-se entre jogadores ocasionais e frequentes, diferenciando-se por duração de cada sessão, jogo preferido, motivação para jogar, e influência do jogo na vida social. Cerca de 5% relataram só parar de jogar quando interrompidos, normalmente jogar mais de 4 horas por sessão e se relacionar mais com amigos virtuais, sugerindo maior envolvimento com a atividade. Na escala PVP, 15,8% da amostra preencheu mais da metade dos itens, indicando consequências adversas associadas ao uso dos jogos eletrônicos. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que o uso de jogos eletrônicos é comum entre os estudantes da USP e que uma parcela apresenta problemas relacionados ao excesso de jogo.; OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of electronic games (video games...

Prescribed use of methylphenidate hydrochloride and its correlates among Brazilian college students

Cesar, Eduardo Luiz da Rocha; Wagner, Gabriela Arantes; Castaldelli Maia, Joao Mauricio; Silveira, Camila Magalhães; Andrade, Arthur Guerra de; Oliveira, Lúcio Garcia de
Fonte: UNIV SAO PAULO, INST PSIQUIATRIA; SAO PAULO Publicador: UNIV SAO PAULO, INST PSIQUIATRIA; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Background: The prevalence of prescribed use of methylphenidate (MPH) and its correlates are not well-known in Brazil. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of prescribed use of MPH and its correlates in a sample of Brazilian college students. Methods: Twelve-thousand seven hundred and eleven college students filled out a drug use questionnaire. They were divided into two groups based on the lifetime use of MPH: MPH users (MPHU) and MPH non-users (MPHNU). Quasi-binomial regression models were carried out in order to evaluate the correlation among MPHU and other variables. Results: A lifetime use of MPH was reported from 0.9% of college students (MPHU). Being from the Midwest (PR = 4.8, p < 0.01) and South (PR = 5.2, p < 0.05), living in students housing (PR = 5.8, p < 0.001), prescribed use of amphetamines (PR = 8.9, p < 0.001) and benzodiazepines (< 3 weeks: PR = 4.4, p < 0.001; >= 3 weeks: PR = 6.7, p < 0.001), and harmful use of alcohol (PR = 4.0, p < 0.05) were correlated with MPHU. Discussion: The association of alcohol and drug use with prescribed use of MPH among college students suggests the importance of screening drinking patterns and use of other drugs among students with ADHD symptoms. Cesar ELR...

Sleep patterns and sleepiness of working college students

Teixeira, Liliane; Lowden, Arne; Luz, Andrea Aparecida da; Turte, Samantha Lemos; Valente, Daniel; Matsumura, Roberto Jun; Paula, Leticia Pickersgill de; Takara, Meire Yuri; Nagai-Manelli, Roberta; Fischer, Frida Marina
Fonte: IOS PRESS; AMSTERDAM Publicador: IOS PRESS; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The double journey (work and study) may result or aggravate health problems, including sleep disturbances, as observed in previous studies with high school students. The aim of this study is to analyze the sleep-wake cycle and perceived sleepiness of working college students during weekdays. Twenty-three healthy college male students, 21-24 years old, working during the day and attending classes in the evening, participated in this study. During five consecutive days, the students filled out daily activities logs and wore actigraphs. Mean sleeping time was lower than 6 hours per night. No significant differences were observed in the sleep-wake cycle during the weekdays. The observed lack of changes in the sleep-wake cycle of these college students might occur as participants were not on a free schedule, but exposed to social constraints, as was the regular attendance to evening college and day work activities. Sleepiness worsened over the evening school hours. Those results show the burden carried by College students who perform double activities - work and study.

O trabalho de jovens universitários e repercussões no sono e na sonolência: trabalhar e estudar afeta diferentemente homens e mulheres?; Employment among college students and repercussion on sleep and sleepiness: does working and studying affect men and women differently?

Nagai, Roberta
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
Introdução: Trabalhar e estudar têm sido frequentemente observadas entre jovens universitários. Um dos resultados dessa dupla jornada esta população é a restrição aos horários de dormir e acordar, especialmente nos dias de trabalho. Como conseqüência da privação de sono, relatos de sonolência excessiva diurna e queda no desempenho nos estudos e no trabalho são frequentes. Em relação às diferenças entre os sexos, poucos são estudos que abordam as características dos padrões do ciclo vigília-sono e sonolência de universitários trabalhadores, homens e mulheres. Objetivo: Analisar o ciclo vigília-sono e sonolência de homens e mulheres que trabalham e estudam no turno noturno. Metodologia: Participaram deste projeto 82 estudantes universitários trabalhadores, de 21 a 26 anos de idade, que freqüentavam as aulas no período noturno. Na primeira etapa, os participantes preencheram o questionário de caracterização das condições de vida, saúde e trabalho. Na segunda etapa, os participantes utilizaram um actímetro durante 7 dias consecutivos para obtenção de dados de sono e vigília, preencheram a escala de sonolência Karolinska (KSS) e realizaram um teste de vigilância psicomotora (PVT) em diversos momentos do dia. Além disso...

Expectativas e beber problemático entre universitários; Expectations and problematic drinking among college students

Peuker, Ana Carolina Wolf Baldino; Fogaça, Janaína Lima; Araujo, Lisiane Bizarro
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
O beber problemático é recorrente entre universitários e está associado a inúmeras conseqüências negativas. Portanto, é importante compreender os fatores de risco para este fenômeno. Examinou-se a relação entre expectativas sobre os efeitos do álcool e o padrão de beber de risco em universitários. Os participantes foram 165 universitários, com média de 22 anos (dp=2,5) que responderam aos inventários AUDIT e IECPA. Constatou-se que 44% dos participantes eram consumidores de risco e que 48% possuíam expectativas positivas altas. Entre elas, facilitação das intersações sociais, diminuição e/ou fuga de emoções negativas, ativação e prazer sexual, efeitos positivos na atividade e humor e na avaliação de si mesmo. Houve correlação entre beber problemático e expectativas positivas. Investigar a relação entre padrão de uso e expectativas sobre os efeitos do álcool favorece o planejamento de intervenções terapêuticas e estratégias preventivas mais precisas que visem a reduzir os riscos do beber problemático entre universitários.; Problematic drinking is recurrent among college students and is associated with a variety of negative consequences. Therefore, it is important to understand risk factors for this phenomenon. The present study assessed the relationship between expectations over alcohol effects and risk drinking pattern among college students. Participants were 165 college students with average age of 22 years old (dp= 2...

The Relationship Between Parental Involvement and the Persistence of First-Generation Hispanic Millennial College Students

Cruz, Anthony
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
This dissertation was undertaken to answer the following research question: What is the relationship between parental involvement and college generation status with the persistence of Hispanic Millennial college students? Social capital theory (Coleman, 1988) was used as a theoretical framework to analyze and gain a greater understanding of the factors that correlated with the persistence of first-generation Hispanic Millennial college students. This dissertation used an ex post facto with hypothesis research design. The research hypothesis was that parental involvement would be positively related with the second-year persistence of first-generation Hispanic Millennial college students. This dissertation used the data collected from 1179 Hispanic students who participated in the ELS: 2002 and enrolled in college. Logistic regression analysis of data from 972 of the students with completed surveys were used to examine the relationship between the dependent variable, which was student persistence to the second year, and the following independent variables: socio-economic status, family income, high school grade point average, gender, financial aid, highest degree ever expected, academic engagement, social engagement, college generation...

Extending the Theory of Planned Behavior in the Exercise Domain: A Study of Community College Students in an Urban Multicultural Setting

Gordon, Marilyn Smith
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
The purpose of this study was to assess the intention to exercise among ethnically and racially diverse community college students using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). In addition to identifying the variables associated with motivation or intention of college students to engage in physical activity, this study tested the model of the Theory of Planned Behavior, asking: Does the TPB model explain intention to exercise among a racially/ethnically diverse group of college students? The relevant variables were the TPB constructs (behavioral beliefs, normative beliefs, and control beliefs), which combined to form a measure of intention to exercise. Structural Equation Modeling was used to test the predictive power of the TPB constructs for predicting intention to exercise. Following procedures described by Ajzen (2002), the researcher developed a questionnaire encompassing the external variables of student demographics (age, gender, work status, student status, socio-economic status, access to exercise facilities, and past behavior), major constructs of the TPB, and two questions from the Godin Leisure Time Questionnaire (GLTQ; Godin & Shephard, 1985). Participants were students (N = 255) who enrolled in an on-campus wellness course at an urban community college. The demographic profile of the sample revealed a racially/ethnically diverse study population. The original model that was used to reflect the TPB as developed by Ajzen was not supported by the data analyzed using SEM; however...

IS THERE AN ASSOCIATION OF HEAVY DRINKING WITH ACUTE ILLNESS AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IF SMOKING STATUS IS CONTROLLED?

Engs, Ruth C.; Aldo-Benson, Marlene
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Working Paper for Presentation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Other RESEARCH PAPERS on student drinking, smoking and drug use can be found at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17130/browse?type=title; https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17127/browse?type=title and https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17124/browse?type=title. Further information about the questionnaire, calculations used for the study, and the original data base can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17182; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17154; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17181. The classic 1975 copy of the SAQ is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17153. ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17141/browse?type=dateissued; A publication related to this presentation is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17422 and a presentation for a later project is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/18611; BACKGROUND: Smoking has been shown to be associated with a higher incidence of chronic diseases among older adults and acute illnesses among young adults. Heavy alcohol intake has been found to be associated with a higher incidence of chronic and acute diseases among older alcoholics PURPOSE: the purpose of the study was to determine if there was an association of acute illness and alcohol intake among a sample of college students if smoking is controlled. METHODS: The Health and Lifestyle Questionnaire was administered to a sample of 1...

Diferencias del autoconcepto físico en practicantes y no practicantes de actividad física en estudiantes universitarios; Physical self-concept differences in practitioners and nonpractitioners of physical activity in college students; Diferenças do autoconceito físico em praticantes e não praticantes de actividade física em estudantes universitários

Álvarez Rivera, L.; Cuevas Ferrera, Rossana; Lara Pot, A.; González Hernández, Juan
Fonte: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia Publicador: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
La presente investigación tuvo como objetivos identificar las diferencias del autoconcepto físico en practicantes regulares y no practicantes de actividad física en estudiantes universitarios. Participaron 208 estudiantes universitarios entre 18 y 31 años de los cuales el 49% realizan actividad física regular y el 51% no practican de forma regular o no realizan ninguna actividad física y se les aplicó el Cuestionario de Autoconcepto Físico (CAF) de Moreno y Cervelló (2005). En todas las dimensiones del autoconcepto físico, así como en las escalas generales de autoconcepto físico y autoconcepto general, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas al obtener p-valores debajo de α=.05, esto indica que las autopercepciones fí- sicas y las autopercepciones generales están medidas por la actividad física, por lo que se sustenta la importancia que tiene la actividad física en los universitarios.; ABSTRACT: The present investigation objective was to identify the differences of physical self-concept in regular practitioners and non-practitioners of physical activity in college students. A group of 208 college student between 18 and 31 years participated, of which 49% perform physical activity on a regular basis and 51% do not practice regularly or do not perform any physical activity...

Diet Self-efficacy and Physical Self-concept of College Students at Risk for Eating Disorders

Frazier, Leslie D.; Vaccaro, Joan A.; Garcia, Stephanie; Fallahazad, Negar; Rathi, Kapil; Shrestha, Alice; Perez, Nancy
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
Background: Both eating disorders and body image dissatisfaction affect a high proportion of college students. Self-esteem and self-efficacy may be protective factors for eating disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate diet self-efficacy, the confidence to maintain or lose weight, and its association with physical selfconcept using data from an online survey of health literacy, body image, and eating disorders. Study Population and Methods: This cross-sectional study collected online survey data from college students within the United States. The inclusion criteria allowed for 1612 college students, ages 17-35 years (597 males, 1015 females) belonging to the following racial/ethnic categories: Black (187); White, non-Hispanic (244), Hispanic (1035), and other (146). Specifically, the study aimed to examine (a) whether and to what degree diet self-efficacy and physical self-concept were associated with risk of eating disorders; (b) the interaction of gender by ethnicity on diet self-efficacy, physical self-concept and risk of eating disorders; and, (c) the relationship of diet self-efficacy with physical self-description and body mass index (BMI) in college students. Results:Low diet self-efficacy was associated with a lower score on physical self-concept (B = −0.52 [−0.90...

Diet Self-efficacy and Physical Self-concept of College Students at Risk for Eating Disorders

Frazier, Leslie D.; Vaccaro, Joan A.; Garcia, Stephanie; Fallahazad, Negar; Rathi, Kapil; Shrestha, Alice; Perez, Nancy
Fonte: SelectedWorks Publicador: SelectedWorks
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
Background: Both eating disorders and body image dissatisfaction affect a high proportion of college students. Self-esteem and self-efficacy may be protective factors for eating disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate diet self-efficacy, the confidence to maintain or lose weight, and its association with physical selfconcept using data from an online survey of health literacy, body image, and eating disorders. Study Population and Methods: This cross-sectional study collected online survey data from college students within the United States. The inclusion criteria allowed for 1612 college students, ages 17-35 years (597 males, 1015 females) belonging to the following racial/ethnic categories: Black (187); White, non-Hispanic (244), Hispanic (1035), and other (146). Specifically, the study aimed to examine (a) whether and to what degree diet self-efficacy and physical self-concept were associated with risk of eating disorders; (b) the interaction of gender by ethnicity on diet self-efficacy, physical self-concept and risk of eating disorders; and, (c) the relationship of diet self-efficacy with physical self-description and body mass index (BMI) in college students. Results:Low diet self-efficacy was associated with a lower score on physical self-concept (B = −0.52 [−0.90...

Conhecimento financeiro de estudantes universitários na vertente do crédito=Financial knowledge of credit among college students

Roquette, I.; Laureano, R. M. S.; Botelho, M.
Fonte: UALg ESGHT Publicador: UALg ESGHT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
Financial markets, increasingly complex and sophisticated, are being developed at an impressive speed. It's necessary to have a good level of financial knowledge to be ready for these constant changes. The consumers with larger financial literacy, that is, those with more financial knowledge, but also greater ability to manage it, are the least vulnerable. In this context, this study evaluates the level of credit knowledge among college students, as well as possible limitations of this knowledge. Through a questionnaire survey to 396 undergraduate students from ISCTE-IUL, the results show that the level of financial knowledge, about credit, is low. Furthermore, the students overestimate their knowledge, that is, the students think they know more than what actually happen. Knowledge is explained by the demographic profile of the student, family background and the student culture and financial inclusion. The knowledge is greater on students attending a course in the business area, which are in the 3rd year and consult some information sources regularly. Students who already have bank accounts also have higher average knowledge.

Internet television use: Motivations and preferences for watching television online among college students

Steinkamp, Christen
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
The present study examined the television viewing habits of college students to determine differences between motivations and preferences for watching television online versus on a broadcast receiver. A convenience sample of 136 RIT students responded to an online survey. The study found that like the TV viewers of the 1980s, television viewers today are still motivated by relaxation, escape, and the desire to pass the time and to socially interact with companions-- no matter which medium. The ability to control the television experience, to choose when to watch programming, and the convenience that Internet television offers are reasons why college students are using alternatives to the traditional broadcast receiver.

Learning styles of deaf college students and instructors' teaching emphases

Lang, Harry; Stinson, M.; Kavanagh, Firoza; Liu, Yufang; Basile, Mary
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 19957 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
Six learning style dimensions of the Grasha-Riechmann Student Learning Style Scales (GRSLSS) were examined in this study with 100 deaf college students. In addition, six corresponding scales of teaching emphases were administered to the 16 instructors of these students. Student mean scores were higher for the dependent, participative, collaborative, and independent dimensions than for the competitive and avoidant styles. The participative learning style correlated significantly with course achievement and course interest, which suggests that an emphasis on active learning may be desirable. For instructors, as with students, the mean scores for teaching emphases were found to be higher for the collaborative, dependent, participative, and independent dimensions. The similar patterns of results for students and teachers suggest a correspondence between the learning styles and the teaching emphases; RIT community members may access full-text via RIT Libraries licensed databases: http://library.rit.edu/databases/

The relationship between preferred language/communication modality and english literacy among deaf first-year college students

Kelly, Matthew
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Masters Project Formato: 14279932 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
This study examines the relationship between the communication modality preferences and reading skills for a group of 1,419 deaf first-year college students. These students were enrolled between the years 1984 and 2002 at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf at the Rochester Institute of Technology. First, the relationship between self reported preference for communication and performance on a standardized assessment of English literacy is examined. Second, the relationship between self-rated sign language skills and reading performance is explored for the same group. Students prefering "Speech Alone" performed significantly better on the measure of reading ability than students prefering "Sign Alone" or "Sign and Speech together". Students who reported having No sign language skills or some sign language skills performed significantly better on the measure of reading ability than students who reported having Fair, Good or Excellent sign language skills. Contrary to previous studies, neither degree of deafness nor the hearing status of parents showed a significant relationship to performance on the measure of reading ability. A discussion of these results follows at the end of the paper.; Masters Projects

Acceptance and use of assistive technology: perspectives of high school and college students with high-incidence disabilities

Poudel, Bishwa Bandhu
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Eisenman, Laura T.; Assistive technology (AT) is linked with better academic progress and improved post-school outcomes for students with disabilities. Despite the emphasis on the use of AT evidenced by AT effectiveness literature, requirements by Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act to consider AT, and the proliferation of technological products, studies have indicated concerns about students' AT use. High school and college students with high-incidence disabilities are less likely to accept and use AT or they often abandon it after using it. There could be several factors that influence their decisions about accepting and using or abandoning AT. This study attempted to explore those factors from students' perspectives through qualitative analyses of semi-structured in-depth interviews with 17 high school and college students with high-incidence disabilities. Guided by concepts derived from the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) and Self-Determination theories (SDT), constant-comparative methods were used to explore and describe the factors that students perceived as influencing their AT decision-making, their perceptions of AT decision-making processes...

Prescribed use of methylphenidate hydrochloride and its correlates among Brazilian college students; Uso prescrito de cloridrato de metilfenidato e correlatos entre estudantes universitários brasileiros

Cesar, Eduardo Luiz Da Rocha; Wagner, Gabriela Arantes; Castaldelli-Maia, João Maurício; Silveira, Camila Magalhães; Andrade, Arthur Guerra De; Oliveira, Lúcio Garcia De
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of prescribed use of methylphenidate (MPH) and its correlates are not well-known in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of prescribed use of MPH and its correlates in a sample of Brazilian college students. METHODS: Twelve-thousand seven hundred and eleven college students filled out a drug use questionnaire. They were divided into two groups based on the lifetime use of MPH: MPH users (MPHU) and MPH non-users (MPHNU). Quasi-binomial regression models were carried out in order to evaluate the correlation among MPHU and other variables. RESULTS: A lifetime use of MPH was reported from 0.9% of college students (MPHU). Being from the Midwest (PR = 4.8, p < 0.01) and South (PR = 5.2, p < 0.05), living in students housing (PR = 5.8, p < 0.001), prescribed use of amphetamines (PR = 8.9, p < 0.001) and benzodiazepines (< 3 weeks: PR = 4.4, p < 0.001; ≥ 3 weeks: PR = 6.7, p < 0.001), and harmful use of alcohol (PR = 4.0, p < 0.05) were correlated with MPHU. DISCUSSION: The association of alcohol and drug use with prescribed use of MPH among college students suggests the importance of screening drinking patterns and use of other drugs among students with ADHD symptoms.; CONTEXTO: A prevalência do uso prescrito de metilfenidato (MPH) e correlatos ainda é pouco conhecida no Brasil. OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência do uso prescrito de MPH e correlatos em uma amostra populacional de universitários brasileiros. MÉTODOS: Doze mil setecentos e onze universitários foram solicitados a responder a um questionário sobre o uso de drogas. Em relação ao uso na vida de MPH...

Evaluation of Social Skills Training with college students and recently graduates; Avaliação de um Treinamento de Habilidades Sociais (THS) com universitários e recém-formados

Bolsoni-Silva, Alessandra Turini; UNESP; Leme, Vanessa Barbosa Romera; USP; de Lima, Anne Midori Abe; UNESP; da Costa-Júnior, Florêncio Mariano; Unesp; Correia, Marta Regina Gonçalves; Unesp
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/04/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
  O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a efetividade de um treinamento de habilidades sociais, através de medidas de avaliação pré e pós-teste, com universitários e/ou recém-formados que apresentavam queixas interpessoais. Participaram 15 universitários e três recém-formados que procuraram o Centro de Psicologia Aplicada de uma universidade pública. O programa contou com vinte encontros semanais em grupo, distribuídos no ano letivo, com duração de duas horas cada; foram conduzidos seis grupos de intervenção com média de três participantes cada. Como medida de avaliação foi utilizado o IHS-Del-Prette, cujos dados foram tratados através de estatística não paramétrica (Teste Wilcoxon). Os resultados indicaram aquisições importantes apontando para a efetividade do procedimento de intervenção. De todo modo, os achados precisam ser relativizados devido ao número reduzido da amostra, ao uso do relato verbal como fonte primária de dados, pela ausência de grupo controle e de avaliação de seguimento, o que poderá ser testado em pesquisas futuras. Palavras-chave: treinamento de habilidades sociais; estudantes universitários; intervenção psicológica; prevenção.; The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of a social skills training...

Eating Disorders in College Students in Iceland

Thorsteinsdottir,Gudlaug; Ulfarsdottir,Lilja
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Background and Objectives: The prevalence of eating disorders in Iceland is unknown. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of eating disorders in a large sample of college students in Iceland. Methods: A sample of 3.052 students from around the country aged 15-20 years was used to determine prevalence of eating disorders. The Eating Disorders Diagnostic Scale (EDDS) and Eating disorder Screen for Primary care (ESP) were employed. Results: On the ESP, 51.3% of females and 22.9% of males report discontent with their eating patterns and 63% of the females and 30.9% of the males report that they are emotionally affected by their weight. The ESP returned 10.5% prevalence when cut off level of 3 responses in the direction of an eating disorder was used, and 20.3% when cut off level of 2 was applied. A total of 9.8% of participants received diagnosis with EDDS, 15.2 % of females and 1.9% of males. For anorexia nervosa 1.1% of females received a diagnosis but no male. For bulimia nervosa 5.6% of females and 0.8% of males received a diagnosis and for binge eating disorder 0.6% of females and 0.2% of males. Prevalence of all subthreshold diagnoses combined was 5%. Conclusions: The prevalence of eating disorders is high in college students in Iceland...

The influence of role-players on the character-development and character-building of South African college students

Freeks,Fazel Ebrihiam
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The present world is in a moral crisis and it seems as though educational institutions experience both challenges and enormous behavioural problems. Statistics prove that there is a drastic decline in morals, values, standards, ethics, character and behaviour and schools, where colleges and even universities seem to indulge in crisis after crisis. It is perceived that behavioural problems such as substance and drug abuse, violence, theft, vandalism, bullying, aggression, immorality, examination fraud, amongst others, are increasing among students. The goal of this article is to determine how college students' lives are influenced by involved role-players in character-development and in character-building. Value and character education provides the building blocks for the inherent preservation of a healthy society. It is the art of life that keeps the environment friendly, free and safe, allowing earth's inhabitants to work, live and play together in peace. The influence of relevant role-players and institutions with regard to values and character-developmentare likely to be able to ensure the provision of a successful life and future for South African college students. The conclusions arrived at in this research indicate parents, lecturers and other specific individuals to be important role-players when it comes to character-development and character-building.