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Reificação e utopia na ficção científica norte-americana da Guerra Fria; Reification and utopia in american science fiction of the Cold War

Furlanetto, Elton Luiz Aliandro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/04/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Esta dissertação busca analisar três romances e um conto produzidos nos Estados Unidos nos anos 1950, pertencentes ao gênero de ficção científica. Trata-se de Um Cântico para Leibowitz, de Walter Miller Jr, escrito entre 1955 e 1957; Saia do meu céu!, de James Blish, escrito entre 1956 e 1957; Os mercadores do espaço, de Frederik Pohl e C.M. Kornbluth, escrito em 1953; e "Invasores do Espaço Interior", de Howard Koch, publicado em 1959. O objetivo do trabalho é estudar e entender de que maneira as forças sociais que formavam a "estrutura de sentimento" daquela época se materializaram nas obras. Para isso, procuramos os momentos de utopia presentes nos romances e no conto, indicando como tais momentos são neutralizados ou deslocados por aspectos ideológicos, que barram a imaginação e as possibilidades criativas dos autores. Seguindo a tradição crítica materialista histórica, vemos que as obras de arte, mesmo aquelas que se ligam mais fortemente à chamada Indústria Cultural, são atos sociais simbólicos, os quais intentam responder aos questionamentos mais pungentes de sua época. A análise é realizada em camadas, iniciando-se no nível textual, passando para um estudo de estruturas narrativas: o foco narrativo...

Filmes do fim do mundo: ficção científica e Guerra Fria (1951/1964); End of the world movies: science fiction and Cold War (1951/1964)

Noboa, Ígor Carastan
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/04/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Esta dissertação tem como tema quatro filmes do gênero ficção científica, produzidos nos Estados Unidos da América no período do segundo pós-guerra, O Dia em que a Terra Parou (1951), Vampiros de Almas (1956), A Bolha (1958) e Limite de Segurança (1964). Nas sociedades contemporâneas, este gênero se torna relevante como objeto de interpretação do real, representando, interpretando e discutindo o seu contexto histórico e as relações humanas com o desconhecido, propondo formas de organização social e reflexões sobre a natureza da Ciência e Tecnologia. Por meio da leitura crítica dos filmes pode-se compreender o imaginário americano sobre questões referentes às relações internacionais da Guerra Fria e às ameaças internas à sociedade, sem deixar para trás a visão de que estes filmes atingiram diversas sociedades em diversas regiões do mundo e também tratam de questões universais.; This dissertation presents four science fiction movies, produced in the United States of America in the second post war period, The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951), Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956), The Blob (1958), Fail-Safe (1964). In contemporary societies, this genre becomes relevant as an interpretation of the real...

Fantasias de guerra e paz no pós-Guerra Fria de Jornada nas estrelas: nova geração; Imagining War and Peace in the post-Cold War symbology of Star Trek: the Next Generation

Martins, Flavia de Paiva Brites
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
Propõe-se neste trabalho analisar as elaborações culturais relativas à política externa estadunidense no seriado televisivo Jornada nas Estrelas: Nova Geração em sua primeira temporada (1987-1988), produzido em um momento de mudanças históricas em que um discurso político de nova ordem mundial estava sendo gestado. Expectativas do fim da Guerra Fria trariam consigo, como evento simbólico, a necessidade de uma nova elaboração simbólica das relações entre Estados Unidos e o mundo. Assim, esta pesquisa buscou discernir na série as características de uma estrutura discursiva diferente dos discursos de guerra e paz mais típicos do período de Guerra Fria na ficção científica. Articulando-se, na série, com os temas da ajuda humanitária e da não interferência, articulação ambígua aqui denominada de militarismo benfazejo, o discurso do seriado antecede um debate que se intensifica na década de 1990 sobre a aceitação ou não do princípio de interferência em outros Estados por via das causas humanitárias. Na tentativa de acompanhar a dispersão do discurso de guerra e paz no campo discursivo, procurou-se ampliar a análise para as articulações discursivas de guerra e paz em ramos discursivos não ficcionais...

O poder norte americano e a America Latina no pos-guerra fria; The American power and Latin America in the post-cold war

Marcelo Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Esta tese procura fazer uma análise da política externa norte-americana para a América Latina no período pós-Guerra Fria. Para tanto, o texto está estruturado em cinco capítulos. In icialmente, o trabalho resgata as principais doutrinas, corolários e enunciados da política externa norte-americana para o hemisfério ocidental. Em seguida, analisa as ações geoeconômicas e geopolíticas dos EUA no sistema mundial nas últimas décadas. Nos três últimos capítulos são estudadas as principais diretrizes desse poder norte-americano na região no pós- Guerra Fria, destacando-se: os programas de ajustes estruturais promovidos pelo Fundo Monetário Internacional e pelo Banco Mundial na América Latina, o projeto de integração econômica das Américas e a política de segurança.; The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the North American foreign policy toward the Latin America in the post cold war period. For this, the text was ordered in five chapters. Initially, the text reviews the main doctrines, corollaries and enunciations of the US’s foreign policy toward the occidental hemisphere. In a second chapter was analyzed the geoeconomics, and geopolitics US’s actions toward the World System in the last decades. Finally...

Cold War legacies otherwise : Latin American art and art history in colonial times

Rodriguez-Sarmiento, Victor Manuel (1959 - ); Crimp, Douglas
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester, Graduate Program in Visual and Cultural Studies, 2009.; Art historians and social scientists have understood the political and cultural struggles in Latin America during the sixties and seventies as an expression of the binary context of the Cold War and as mainly based on utopian, humanist and leftist models of cultural production. Drawing on the work of Arturo Escobar, I consider these struggles as part of developmentalism: a discursive formation that colonized African, Asian and Latin American realities after World War II, and gave shape to the invention of the Third World. This project explores the way in which conflictive dialogues among artists, art historians, and critics are representative of the emergence of other forms and scenarios of power and resistance in Latin America, different from the either/or approach hitherto used to understand the period. Considering the consolidation of studies of Latin American art to be a strategy of this discourse, I examine a group of artistic projects which, by using strategies of appropriation, mimicry and cultural anthropophagy, among others, resisted developmentalism and the modernist rhetoric of art history. In so doing, they anticipated feminist...

The Origins of Korean Adoption: Cold War Geopolitics and Intimate Diplomacy

Kim, Eleana J.
Fonte: Universidade de Rochester Publicador: Universidade de Rochester
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
U.S. Korean Institute, Johns Hopkins University, 2009; The adoption of children from South Korea to the West has been ongoing since the end of the Korean War in 1953. During the past half century, more than 200,000 children have been adopted into predominantly white families in Western Europe, North America, and Australia. In this paper, Eleana Kim, examines the origins of Korean adoption in the immediate postwar period, showing how the first adoptions of Korean boys by American servicemen gave way to the adoptions of mixed-race, and then full-Korean children into nuclear families. She elaborates on the little-known history of Korean transnational adoption to understand more fully how particular “technologies of intimacy,” including those related to legislation, transportation, communications, and especially mass media and financial sponsorships, facilitated the transfer of children from Korea to the U.S., and how these technologies were informed by and reproduced paternalistic relations between Americans and Koreans in the context of the Cold War.

Australia’s Cold War university : the relationship between the Australian National University’s Research School of Pacific Studies and the federal government 1946-1975.

Van Konkelenberg, Jude Nicholas
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
The impacts of the Cold War on academic-state relations in this country have been neglected in the growing literature on the Australian Cold War. There were greater similarities between the American and Australian university experience during the Cold War than have previously been recognised. The close relationship between the Australian National University and the federal government meant that Cold War tensions were particularly heightened in the case of this university, making it an ideal site for a case study of the Australian Cold War university experience. This thesis asks, ‘what was the nature of the relationship between the Australian National University and the federal government during the Cold War and was the university‘s experience comparable to American Cold War universities?‘ The thesis seeks to address two main themes related to the Cold War experience of universities. The first is the intrusion of government agencies into universities to identify and limit the influence of communist sympathisers and the degree of complicity or otherwise of the university in these activities. The second theme is the role of universities in providing expert advice to government and the implications of this role for academic independence. The concept of the Cold War university has received significant attention in America in recent years. Discussion on this topic had moved from a belief that government influence over the universities was evil and coercive to a more moderate assessment which emphasises the mutual advantages to be gained in the relationship and the role of university administrators in creating it. Despite some significant cultural and local differences...

Toward a Military History for the Cold War: a Bibliographic Essay

TRAUSCHWEIZER, Ingo
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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66.51%
This essay discusses the historiography of the Cold War from the perspective of American policy and strategy, civil-military relations, and politico-military culture. It presents the history and historical literature of the Cold War in two parts, focusing first on the superpower confrontation in the early decades of the conflict before turning to the Vietnam War era and the global Cold War. It is intended as a guide to secondary sources as of mid-2009. There is no particular argument, other than to support the notion that scholarship has to consider the Cold War as a global event and should not regard either 1945 or 1991 as zero hours. Also, this essay makes no claims at an overarching conclusion, but suggests that while Cold War military history remains fragmented, it represents a more comprehensive picture than many students of the era have thus far come to recognize.

Nationalism, mass politics, and sport cold war case studies at seven degrees

Buckel, Bart A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 115 p. ;
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This study treats the role of sport in international relations in the Cold War. The era of nationalism and total war in the twentieth century produced one of the most violent periods in European history prior to, and including, World War II. The masses were mobilized around myths, legends, and symbols of extraordinary power. Sport and physical culture were viewed initially as a means of creating societies more fit for war and quickly became a tremendous social movement. Sports became a primary medium through which superiority propaganda was transmitted by various clubs, interest groups, governments, and states. Governments realized sport and physical culture's political potential, and the U.S. and U.S.S.R. became fully engaged in a war fought on ersatz battlefields comprised of soccer pitches, track fields, and hockey arenas during the Cold War. The twentieth century, particularly the Cold War era, provides several examples of sporting events deliberately planned with political gain in mind and instances where sporting results were intentionally exploited for governmental gain. The study of the history of such events provides one with a better understanding of the appeal of nationalist movements and how they can spiral out of control leading to violent nationalism if left unchecked.; US Marine Corps (USMC) author.

Strategic stability in the Cold War: lessons for continuing challenges

Yost, David S.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
During the Cold War (roughly between 1945 and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989-1991) the phrase "strategic stability" gained currency both as an objective and as an apt way of describing four dominant features of the period. First, the United States and the Soviet Union never went to war, although there were several occasions when some observes saw war as a genuine possibility, including the Berlin and Cuban crises, the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, and the "war scare" of the early 1980's. Second, neither these powers nor any others detonated nuclear weapons to inflict damage on an enemy, though they relied on them for deterrence, alliance cohesion and other purposes. Third, the configuration of political alignment in Europe and Northeast Asia wea remarkably stable from the mid-1950's to the end of the Cold War. Fourth, the proliferation of nuclear-weapon states was contained to a much lower level than feared by some observers in the 1950's and 1960's. This paper concentrates on the first of the four elements of strategic stability -- the fact that the two superpowers did not engage in a "hot" war with each other. It raises the question, to what extent did U.S. analytical models concerning "crisis stability", "first-strike stability"...

The Army before last military transformation and the impact of nuclear weapons on the US Army during the early Cold War

Kinman, Bret C.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 81 p. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Approved for Public Release, Distribution is Unlimited; This thesis analyzes the impact of nuclear weapon on the doctrine and force structure of the US Army during the Early Cold War (1947-1957). It compares these impacts with those that occurred on the US Air Force and Navy during that time. Nuclear weapons brought a new aspect to warfare. Their unprecedented economy of destructive power changed the way nations viewed warfare. For the Army, nuclear weapons presented a dual challenge. The Army faced a US security policy centered on the massive use of these weapons; the Army also struggled to understand how these weapons would be utilized on the battlefield. The nation's security policy of large scale strategic nuclear bombardment of the Soviet Union favored the Air Force and to a lesser degree the Navy. The Army viewed this policy as single minded and purposely limiting the nations options to all out nuclear war or deference to another national will. In all the Army faced an internal struggle to incorporate these weapons and an external struggle to retain a useful position within the US Defense establishment during this period.; Major, United States Army

The Strategic Defense Initiative and the end of the cold war

Lazzari, Luigi L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 105 p.
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
The Cold War's end was sudden, unpredicted and the seminal event of the latter half of the twentieth century. Since the disintegration of the USSR, debate has centered on whom or what was responsible for the end of the conflict. Perhaps no issue is as controversial as the role the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) played in ending the Cold War. Today, there are three main schools of thought concerning SDI's impact on the end of the Cold War. The first sees the Strategic Defense Initiative as a primary factor in ending the conflict. Another argues the initiative extended the Cold War by creating one more hurdle to the negotiations between the two superpowers. A third school holds that while SDI had a positive impact on ending the Cold War, it was a secondary factor. The third school's position is best supported by the available evidence. "Ninety-nine percent of the Russian people believe that you won the Cold War because of your president's insistence on SDI."2 --Genrikh Trofimenko, one of Russia's leading specialists in international security and politics; US Navy (USN) author.

Beyond Post-Cold War Liberalism: A critical agenda for new powers in world politic

MEDINA DE SOUZA, Igor Abdalla
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Defense date: 17/12/2010; Examining Board: David Kennedy (Harvard Law School) (in absentia), Friedrich V. Kratochwil (EUI) (Supervisor), Christian Reus-Smit (EUI), Timothy Sinclair (Univ. Warwick); This is a thesis on the normative consequences on policymaking of the post-Cold War liberal agenda developed by mainstream scholars of International Relations and International Law, more prominently Andrew Moravcsik and Anne-Marie Slaughter. My hypothesis is that the liberal agenda has worsened internationalists blind spots – such as the separation between politics and economics - and hence has restricted their political imagination. The superficiality of post-Cold War liberalism reinforces the exclusion from the political agenda of issues connected to development - such as hunger, poverty and income distribution - and leads to outcomes that are the opposite of the professed goals of liberal internationalists, the enhancement of human rights and international peace and security. I argue through a multidimensional concept of power that the foundational assumptions of post-Cold War liberalism - derived from the broader discourse of 'globalization' - and theoretical pitfalls - including a narrow concept of law - cover up some manifestations of power by overlooking asymmetries generated by international institutions...

Gnostic wars : the cold war in the context of a history of Western spirituality

ROSSBACH, Stefan
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Defence date: 15 December 1997; Examining board: Prof. Friedrich Kratochwil (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) ; Dr. Arpád Szakolczai (European University Institute, co-supervisor) ; Mr. Ole Waever (Copenhagen Peace Research Institute, supervisor) ; Prof. Björn Wittrock (SCASSS); In this unique exposition of important and yet often neglected developments in the history of Western spirituality, Stefan Rossbach reminds us of the philosophical and spiritual underpinnings of the Cold War era, drawing on the traditions of apocalypticism, millenarianism and 'Gnostic' spirituality. Beginning with the 'Gnostic' systems of late Antiquity, the analysis follows 'lines of meaning' which extend through the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, right up to the present. From the long-term perspective which is thereby established, the spectre of a man-made nuclear apocalypse appears as the latest and most dramatic expression of an outlook on the human condition which refuses to accept limits in the imposition of human designs on the world. The paradoxical continuities that underlie the sense of epoch evoked by the end of the Cold War highlight this work's profound implications for our understanding of contemporary international politics.

Securing the new world order: an analysis of representations of the legality of Security Council actions in the post-Cold War era.

Orford, Anne Margaret
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //1999
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
This thesis is a study of representations of international legal texts which describe and justify the post-Cold War role of the United Nations Security Council. The post-Cold War era has seen a revitalisation of the Security Council and an expansion of its role in maintaining international peace and security. The resulting debates about the legality, legitimacy and morality of Security Council actions reveal a great deal about the powerful myths that shape the identity and the identifications of internationalists. The thesis has three principal aims. The first is to analyse the theories of collective security upon which international legal doctrines are based. I explore the underlying assumptions about the causes of security crises and the effects of military intervention which inform arguments about the legitimacy of Security Council actions. Those assumptions limit the capacity of international lawyers to achieve the goals of peace and security or to engage with the process of globalisation. The second aim is to explore the operation of collective security texts at the ideological or cultural level. I argue that while international lawyers are not successful on their own terms in offering an account of the operation of law and politics in the collective security field...

Encouraging 'democracy' in a cold war climate: the dual-platform policy approach of Evatt and Labor toward the allied occupation of Japan 1945-1949

de Matos, Christine
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 139430 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
This paper is based on research conducted in Australia and the United States into Australian aims toward the Allied Occupation of Japan under the Chifley government between 1945 and 1949. It challenges the prevailing characterisation of Australian aims as solely seeking a ‘harsh peace’ with Japan. An alternative, two-platform model is proposed to assess Australian aims. The model incorporates the pragmatic and retribution aspects of Australian policy (known as platform-one aims) and the more complex pragmatic and idealist aims of encouraging democratisation in postwar Japan (known as platform-two aims). The paper focuses on platform-two aims, as these tend to be neglected in historiography on the Australian role in the Occupation. The paper discusses three examples of Australian policies regarding the democratisation of Japan – constitutional reform, land reform and labour reform. These policies are placed in the context of Dr H.V. Evatt’s vision for the postwar world and the emerging Cold War. The paper assesses Australia’s ability to contribute to postwar reform in Japan during the Occupation. Obstacles to the implementation of Australia’s agenda included the difficulty to turn rhetoric into practice, problems in the Department of External Affairs...

Canada and the Cold War

Smith, Rebecca; Comeau, Belinda; Kissoon, Feriel
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
This resource pack contains detailed lesson plans and resources for the CHC2D Ontario Curriculum Expectation D.4. These lessons are structured around the 'Big Six' Historical Thinking Principles advocated by Dr Peter Seixas and Tom Morton which have now become a central tenet of the Ontario History Curriculum. These six lessons attempt to engage students in actively interpreting and evaluating history and historical arguments through the content areas of: Pearson and the Suez Crisis (Historical Significance), the Diefenbunker (Evidence), North American Attitudes about the Cold War (Continuity and Change), Canada and the Korean War (Cause and Consequence), Canadian Cold War Popular Culture (Historical Perspectives), and the Gouzenko Affair (The Ethical Dimension). Through these lessons, students are given the opportunity to engage with primary resources and to expand their historical thinking through active exploration of historical issues.; Historical thinking resource pack of 6 history lesson plans for Queen's University Faculty of Education B.Ed. course: Intermediate-Senior History.

Novas missões e novas tecnologias : o papel do Governo Federal e a criação da DARPA na construção da estratégia de supremacia em Ciência & Tecnologia & Defesa dos Estados Unidos na Guerra Fria; New missions and new technologies : the role of the Federal Government and the DARPA's creation in the design of the superiority strategy in Science & Technology & Defense of the United States in the Cold War

Fabricio Padilha Pereira da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Durante a Guerra Fria, houve nos Estados Unidos três distintas estratégias de superioridade científico-tecnológico-militar, cujo denominador comum entre elas foi o massivo investimento público em Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (P&D) destinado à Defesa. Em resposta às ações da União Soviética, o Governo Federal dos Estados Unidos rigorosamente articulou e financiou tais estratégias. Em especial, criou a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) para desenvolver a Ciência & Tecnologia & Defesa (C&T&D) norte-americana através de estudos novos, revolucionários e de risco, tais como foram os casos da pesquisa e desenvolvimento em internet, defesa de míssil balístico, testes de banimento nuclear, armas de precisão guiada, veículos não tripulados, satélites, e tecnologia stealth. Portanto, o objetivo desta pesquisa é investigar o papel que o Governo Federal e a DARPA desempenharam na construção das estratégias de supremacia em C&T&D dos Estados Unidos na Guerra Fria.; In the Cold War, there were three strategies of superiority in Military Science & Technology in the United States, whose common denominator was the massive public investment on Research and Development (R&D) for Defense. In response to the actions of the Soviet Union...

Western Colonialism at the "Razor Edge of Decision": Anti-Colonial Ideals and Cold War Imperatives in the Presidential Campaign Rhetoric of John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon, August -November 1960

Hager, Joshua
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Formato: 687429 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em /12/2008 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
In the presidential campaign rhetoric of 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy and Vice President Richard M. Nixon discovered a shared middle-ground in regard to colonialism, a major issue of the year due to widespread decolonization movements. While both men expressed strongly anti-colonial ideals, neither went so far as to outwardly attack Western European states for their imperial policies. As a way of discussing colonialism without upsetting European allies while at the same time maintaining their idealistic stance, Kennedy and Nixon almost always balanced colonial references with the anti-communist language of the Cold War, thereby diminishing colonialism’s importance independent of that bipolarized struggle. Stemming from this rhetorical strategy, the two candidates used Cold War rationales to entice newly decolonized states into an American alliance that promised development assistance while protecting against the specter of “Red Colonialism” as was allegedly present in Eastern Europe.; A Thesis Submitted to the History Department for Honors.

Haunted Borderland : The Politics on the Border War against China in post-Cold War Vietnam

Shim, Juhyung
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%

This dissertation deals with the history and memory of the Border War with China in contemporary Vietnam. Due to its particularity as a war between two neighboring socialist countries in Cold War Asia, the Border War has been a sensitive topic in Vietnam. While political sensitivity regarding the national past derives largely from the Party-State, the history and memory of the war has permeated Vietnamese society. The war's legacy can be seen in anti-China sentiments that, in the globalized neoliberal order, appear to be reviving alongside post-Cold War nationalism. The Border War against China represented an important nationalist turn for Vietnam. At the same time, the traumatic breakdown of the socialist fraternity cultivated anxiety over domestic and international relations. The recent territorial dispute over the South China Sea, between Vietnam and China, has recalled the history and memory of the war in 1979. The growing anti-China sentiment in Vietnam also interpellates the war as a near future.

As an anthropological approach to the history and memory of war, this dissertation addresses five primary questions: 1) how the historyscape of Vietnam's past has been shifted through politics on the Border War; 2) how the memoryscape involving the Border War has been configured as national and local experience; 3) how the Border War has shaped the politics of ethnic minorities in a border province; 4) why the borderscape in Vietnam constantly affects the politics of the nation-state in the globalized world order; and 5) why the border markets and trade activities have been a realm of competing instantiations of post-Cold War nationalism and global neoliberalism.

In order to tackle these questions...