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Adding motivational interviewing and thought mapping to cognitive-behavioral group therapy: results from a randomized clinical trial; Adicionando a entrevista motivacional e o mapeamento cognitivo à terapia cognitivo-comportamental em grupo: resultados de um ensaio clínico randomizado

MEYER, Elisabeth; SHAVITT, Roseli G.; LEUKEFELD, Carl; HELDT, Elizeth; SOUZA, Fernanda P.; KNAPP, Paulo; CORDIOLI, Aristides V.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
OBJECTIVE: Recent factor-analytic studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder identified consistent symptom dimensions. This study was designed in order to observe which obsessive compulsive symptom dimensions could be changed by adding two individual sessions of motivational interviewing and thought mapping of cognitive-behavioral group therapy using a randomized clinical trial. METHOD: Forty outpatients with a primary diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder were randomly assigned to receive cognitive-behavioral group therapy (control group) or motivational interviewing+thought mapping plus cognitive-behavioral group therapy. To evaluate changes in symptomdimensions, the Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale was administered at baseline and after treatment. RESULTS: At post-treatment, there were statistically significant differences between cognitive-behavioral group therapy and motivational interviewing+thought mapping+cognitivebehavioral group therapy groups in the mean total Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale score, and in the contamination and aggression dimension score. Hoarding showed a statistical trend towards improvement. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that adding motivational interviewing+thought mapping to cognitive-behavioral group therapy can facilitate changes and bring about a decrease in the scores in different obsessive-compulsive disorder symptom dimensions...

Avaliação de terapia cognitiva-comportamental para prevenção de reincidência penitenciária; Evaluation of cognitive-behavioral therapy for prevention of prison recidivism

Saffi, Fabiana
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/03/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.08%
INTRODUÇÃO: A reinserção do indivíduo na sociedade, após ele ter cometido um ato anti-social, iniciou-se com o Iluminismo. Atualmente várias pesquisas têm sido realizadas para se verificar a eficácia de trabalhos de reinserção social para criminosos. Entretanto na realidade brasileira não existem trabalhos sistematizados para a população prisional. Como decorrência disto, pensou-se em sistematizar uma intervenção terapêutica para prevenção de reincidência penitenciária e verificar sua eficácia. MÉTODOS: A terapia cognitivo-comportamental para prevenção à reincidência penitenciária é composta por 10 sessões estruturadas. O grupo de sujeitos foi formado por sentenciados, que cumpriam pena no regime semi-aberto, presos, no mínimo, pela segunda vez (reincidentes penitenciários); o tempo máximo de pena que teriam que cumprir deveria ser inferior a quinze anos e já deveriam ter cumprido tempo suficiente para requisitar progressão de regime. Os 43 sujeitos que iniciaram a pesquisa foram divididos em dois grupos grupo de trabalho e grupo controle. Foram feitas entrevistas e aplicações de escalas antes e depois da intervenção. RESULTADOS: Como resultado do trabalho não se percebeu diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os sujeitos que estavam no grupo de trabalho e no grupo controle em relação a reincidência penitenciária. Em relação às escalas aplicadas...

Reabilitação neuropsicológica e terapia cognitivo-comportamental : direcionadas à indivíduos com comprometimento cognitivo leve amnésico e demência leve devido a doença de Alzheimer; Neuropsychological rehabilitation and behavioral-cognitive therapy : are directed to individual with mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer disease

Elisangela Cordts Longo Dainez
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/12/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
O Comprometimento Cognitivo Leve amnésico (CCLa) é um déficit cognitivo de pequena intensidade enquadrado no estágio de transição entre o envelhecimento normal e fases iniciais da doença de Alzheimer (DA). Por sua ez, a DA leve caracteriza-se como uma morbidade neurodegenerativa progressiva, na qual há perda moderada da memória para eventos recentes, dificuldade nas orientações visuo-espaciais, comprometimento para resolução de problemas e no desempenho de atividades da vida diária (AVD¿s). Diante dessas morbidades, a intervenção clínica da pesquisa foi pautada na reabilitação neuropsicológica (RN) e na terapia cognitivo-comportamental (TCC). A finalidade da RN é reduzir do comprometimento cognitivo, como também capacitar o sujeito nas diversas áreas de sua vida. Por outro lado, o foco da TCC é direcionado para o tratamento de sintomas cognitivos, emocionais e comportamentais. O objetivo do projeto foi intervir cognitiva-afetiva-comportamentalmente em indivíduos que apresentam CCLa e Demência Leve devido a DA, de modo a aperfeiçoar a cognição do sujeito, ou reduzir, ou ainda estacionar as suas deficiências cognitivas, bem como melhorar seus estados emocionais e comportamentos. O estudo caracteriza-se como experimental (ensaio clínico) de abordagem quantitativa...

Belief modification in cognitive therapy; Modificación de las creencias disfuncionales en la terapia cognitiva

Tonneau, François
Fonte: Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid Publicador: Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
One of the central assumptions of cognitive therapy is that psychological disorders are caused, at least in part, by dysfunctional beliefs. One of the goals of therapy is therefore to modify these beliefs or to replace them by more adaptive ones. Among other treatments, this cognitive strategy has proved clinically successful in a number of cases. The efficacy of belief modification in cognitive therapy raises a number of theoretical and conceptual issues for behavior analysis. I discuss some of the attending difficulties and suggest a possible way out.; Uno de los supuestos en que se basa la terapia cognitiva es que los trastornos psicológicos son provocados, por lo menos en parte, por creencias disfuncionales. Por lo tanto, uno de los objetivos de la terapia es modificar estas creencias o substituirlas por otras, más adaptativas. Entre otros tratamientos, esta estrategia cognitiva se ha mostrado efectiva en numerosos casos. La eficacia de la modificación de las creencias plantea varias cuestiones teóricas y conceptuales para el análisis de las conductas. En este artículo se abordan algunas de las dificultades que presenta y se avanzan algunas posibles soluciones.

Cognitive therapy: using a specific technique to improve quality of life and health

Kunzler,Lia Silvia; Araujo,Tereza Cristina Cavalcanti Ferreira de
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
In this study we implemented and assessed a specific cognitive therapy technique - Decision Making and Quality of Life, which is used to promote health and improve quality of life. Eighteen employees from a higher education institution participated in the study, which was organized into 12 group sessions. At the admission and concluding phases, we asked participants to complete the World Health Organization Quality of Life - Bref Questionnaire, the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory. Results showed significant improvement in five of the domains that measure quality of life: physical, psychological, environmental, general, and health. There were no significant changes (p=0.26) in anxiety scores. In contrast, the depression scores got significantly better (p=0.02). The results suggest that the proposed technique is conducive to health promotion and quality of life.

Adding motivational interviewing and thought mapping to cognitive-behavioral group therapy: results from a randomized clinical trial

Meyer,Elisabeth; Shavitt,Roseli G.; Leukefeld,Carl; Heldt,Elizeth; Souza,Fernanda P.; Knapp,Paulo; Cordioli,Aristides V.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
OBJECTIVE: Recent factor-analytic studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder identified consistent symptom dimensions. This study was designed in order to observe which obsessive compulsive symptom dimensions could be changed by adding two individual sessions of motivational interviewing and thought mapping of cognitive-behavioral group therapy using a randomized clinical trial. METHOD: Forty outpatients with a primary diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder were randomly assigned to receive cognitive-behavioral group therapy (control group) or motivational interviewing+thought mapping plus cognitive-behavioral group therapy. To evaluate changes in symptomdimensions, the Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale was administered at baseline and after treatment. RESULTS: At post-treatment, there were statistically significant differences between cognitive-behavioral group therapy and motivational interviewing+thought mapping+cognitivebehavioral group therapy groups in the mean total Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale score, and in the contamination and aggression dimension score. Hoarding showed a statistical trend towards improvement. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that adding motivational interviewing+thought mapping to cognitive-behavioral group therapy can facilitate changes and bring about a decrease in the scores in different obsessive-compulsive disorder symptom dimensions...

The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral group therapy in treating bipolar disorder: a randomized controlled study

Costa,Rafael Thomaz da; Cheniaux,Elie; Rosaes,Pedro Augusto Legnani; Carvalho,Marcele Regine de; Freire,Rafael Christophe da Rocha; Versiani,Márcio; Rangé,Bernard Pimentel; Nardi,Antonio Egidio
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that, when combined with pharmacotherapy, structured psychotherapy may modify the course of bipolar disorder. However, there are few studies that have examined the effects of cognitive behavioral group therapy on the course of this disorder. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 14 sessions of cognitive behavioral group therapy, combined with pharmacotherapy, on the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder, and to compare our results against those from the use of pharmacotherapy alone. METHOD: Forty-one patients with bipolar I and II disorder participated in the study and were randomly allocated to one of two treatment groups; thirty-seven patients remained in the study until its completion. Mood and anxiety symptoms were measured in all subjects. Statistical analysis was used to investigate if the groups differed with respect to demographic characteristics and the scores recorded in the pre- and post-treatment stages, as well as during treatment (intra/inter groups). RESULTS: Patients showed statistically similar population characteristics. The association of cognitive behavioral group therapy and pharmacological treatment proved to be effective. Patients who had undergone cognitive behavioral group therapy presented fewer symptoms of mania...

Changing core beliefs with trial-based cognitive therapy may improve quality of life in social phobia: a randomized study

Powell,Vania Bitencourt; Oliveira,Olivia Haun de; Seixas,Camila; Almeida,Cláudia; Grangeon,Maria Conceição; Caldas,Milke; Bonfim,Thaís Delavechia; Castro,Martha; Almeida,Amanda Galvão-de; Moraes,Roberta de Oliveira; Sudak,Donna; de-Oliveira,Irismar R
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Objective: To determine whether there are differences in quality of life (QoL) improvement after treatment with the trial-based thought record (TBTR) versus conventional cognitive therapy (CCT) in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Method: A randomized trial comparing TBTR with a set of CCT techniques, which included the standard 7-column dysfunctional thought record (DTR) and the positive data log (PDL) in patients with SAD, generalized type. Results: Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed a significant time effect in the general health, vitality, social functioning, and mental health domains of the Short Form 36. It also indicated significant treatment effects on the bodily pain, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health domains, with higher scores in the TBTR group. One-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), using pretreatment values as covariates, showed that TBTR was associated with significantly better QoL post-treatment (bodily pain, social functioning and role-emotional) and at follow-up (role-emotional). A significant treatment effect on the role-emotional domain at 12-month follow-up denoted a sustained effect of TBTR relative to CCT. Conclusion: This study provided preliminary evidence that TBTR is at least as effective as CCT in improving several domains of QoL in SAD...

Social Disinterest Attitudes and Group Cognitive-Behavioral Social Skills Training for Functional Disability in Schizophrenia

Granholm, Eric; Ben-Zeev, Dror; Link, Peter C.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
The majority of clinical trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for schizophrenia have used individual therapy to target positive symptoms. Promising results have been found, however, for group CBT interventions and other treatment targets like psychosocial functioning. CBT for functioning in schizophrenia is based on a cognitive model of functional outcome in schizophrenia that incorporates dysfunctional attitudes (eg, social disinterest, defeatist performance beliefs) as mediators between neurocognitive impairment and functional outcome. In this report, 18 clinical trials of CBT for schizophrenia that included measures of psychosocial functioning were reviewed, and two-thirds showed improvements in functioning in CBT. The cognitive model of functional outcome was also tested by examining the relationship between social disinterest attitudes and functional outcome in 79 people with schizophrenia randomized to either group cognitive-behavioral social skills training or a goal-focused supportive contact intervention. Consistent with the cognitive model, lower social disinterest attitudes at baseline and greater reduction in social disinterest during group therapy predicted better functional outcome at end of treatment for both groups. However...

Differential Change in Specific Depressive Symptoms during Antidepressant Medication or Cognitive Therapy

Fournier, Jay C.; DeRubeis, Robert J.; Hollon, Steven D.; Gallop, Robert; Shelton, Richard C.; Amsterdam, Jay D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
Cognitive therapy and antidepressant medications are effective treatments for depression, but little is known about their relative efficacy in reducing individual depressive symptoms. Using data from a recent clinical trial comparing cognitive therapy, antidepressant medication, and placebo in the treatment of moderate-to-severe depression, we examined whether there was a relative advantage of any treatment in reducing the severity of specific depressive symptom clusters. The sample consisted of 231 depressed outpatients randomly assigned to: cognitive therapy for 16 weeks (n=58); paroxetine treatment for 16 weeks (n=116); or pill placebo for 8 weeks (n=57). Differential change in five subsets of depressive symptoms was examined: mood, cognitive/suicide, anxiety, typical-vegetative, and atypical-vegetative symptoms. Medication led to a greater reduction in cognitive/suicide symptoms relative to placebo by 4 weeks, and both active treatments reduced these symptoms more than did placebo by 8 weeks. Cognitive therapy reduced the atypical-vegetative symptoms more than placebo by 8 weeks and more than medications throughout the trial. These findings suggest that medications and cognitive therapy led to different patterns of response to specific symptoms of depression and that the general efficacy of these two well-validated treatments may be driven in large part by changes in cognitive or atypical-vegetative symptoms.

The long-term effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a relapse prevention treatment for major depressive disorder

Mathew, K.; Whitford, H.; Kenny, M.; Denson, L.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a relapse prevention treatment for major depressive disorder. METHOD: An observational clinical audit of 39 participants explored the long-term effects of MBCT using standardized measures of depression (BDI-II), rumination (RSS), and mindfulness (MAAS). RESULTS: MBCT was associated with statistically significant reductions in depression from pre to post treatment. Gains were maintained over time (Group 1, 1-12 months, p = .002; Group 2, 13-24 months, p = .001; Group 3, 25-34 months, p = .04). Depression scores in Group 3 did begin to worsen, yet were still within the mild range of the BDI-II. Treatment variables such as attendance at "booster" sessions and ongoing mindfulness practice correlated with better depression outcomes (p = .003 and p = .03 respectively). There was a strong negative correlation between rumination and mindful attention (p < .001), consistent with a proposed mechanism of metacognition in the efficacy of MBCT. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that ongoing MBCT skills and practice may be important for relapse prevention over the longer term. Larger randomized studies of the mechanisms of MBCT with longer follow-up periods are recommended.; Kate L. Mathew, Hayley S. Whitford...

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: an efficacious community-based group intervention for depression and anxiety in a sample of cancer patients

Sharplin, G.; Jones, S.; Hancock, B.; Knott, V.; Bowden, J.; Whitford, H.
Fonte: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd Publicador: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
Objective: To assess the impact of an 8-week structured mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) program on individuals experiencing distress as a consequence of cancer. Design, setting and participants: Prospective study of 16 participants with a history of cancer and five carers of people with cancer recruited from August 2008 to February 2009 through calls to the Cancer Council South Australia Helpline. Participants were assessed for anxiety and depression before and after undergoing a course in MBCT between 30 September and18 November 2008 and 20 February and 10 April 2009. Main outcome measures: Depression, anxiety and mindfulness as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI), respectively, and a consumer-centred evaluation. Results: There were significant reductions in depression (F [1,24] = 6.37; P = 0.012; partial-2 = 0.27) and anxiety (F [2,34] = 9.43; P = 0.001, partial-2 = 0.36) and mindfulness (F [2,32] = 8.36; P= 0.001; partial-2 = 0.34) following the intervention, and these effects were sustained at the 3-month follow-up. Reliable change indices further support these findings. Participants’ scores on measures of depression and anxiety decreased as a function of increased mindfulness...

EVALUACIÓN DEL ESTRÉS Y EL IMPACTO DE LA FIBROMIALGIA DESPUÉS DE AUTOAPLICAR TÉCNICAS COGNITIVO-CONDUCTUALES/ EVALUATION OF STRESS AND FIBROMYALGIA IMPACT AFTER A SELF-APPLIED COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION

Mónica Teresa González Ramírez; Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León; René Landero Hernández; Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
Fonte: Psicología desde el Caribe Publicador: Psicología desde el Caribe
Tipo: article; publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
Se diseñaron dos cursos virtuales auto-aplicados para personas con fibromialgia, basados en técnicas cognitivo-conductuales. Los objetivos fueron: Evaluar los resultados del primer curso: (1) sobre estrés percibido e impacto de la fibromialgia. Evaluar los resultados del segundo curso, en la disminución de: fallos cotidianos de memoria, pensamientos negativos, catastrofización, e impacto de la fibromialgia. Y comparar niveles de estrés e impacto en las cuatro mediciones (pre-post, ambos cursos).Participaron 22 mujeres en el primero y 8 en el segundo. Se encontró mejoría en estrés percibido e impacto de la fibromialgia después del primer curso. Después del segundo disminuyeron: pensamientos negativos, catastrofización e impacto. Hubo una recaída en el estrés y el impacto entre ambos cursos disminuyendo nuevamente al concluir el segundo.Palabras clave: Fibromialgia, cognitivo-conductualTwo cognitive-behavioral virtual courses were designed to be self-applied by people with fibromyalgia. The objectives of this study were: to evaluate first course results on perceived stress and fibromyalgia impact. To evaluate second course results on decreasing of memory complains, negative thoughts, pain catastrofization and fibromyalgia impact. And to compare stress level and fibromyalgia impact among the four measurements (pre-post...

Improving cognitive therapy for depression with functional analytic psychotherapy: Theory and case study

Kohlenberg, Robert J.; Tsai, Mavis
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1994 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
A behavioral reconceptualization of cognitive therapy is presented to illustrate that clinical behavior analysis (CBA) has much to offer traditional cognitive behavior therapy. Particular attention is given to the distinction between cognitive structures and products and the theoretical dilemma facing cognitive therapists when they attempt to devise interventions aimed at changing nonbehavioral entities. The distinction between rule-governed and contingency-shaped behavior and the implications of functional analytic psychotherapy (Kohlenberg & Tsai, 1991) are used to resolve the dilemma and to suggest methods for enhancing cognitive therapy. In a case study, a CBA-enhanced version of cognitive therapy was introduced after 7 weeks of standard cognitive treatment for a 35-year-old depressed male. The client—therapist relationship provided opportunities during the therapy session for learning new behavior called for in the behaviorally reconceptualized cognitive therapy. The enhanced treatment improved clinical efficacy and increased the client's focus on his deficits in interpersonal repertoires. Because the present case study involved only one of several enhancements suggested by CBA, the possibility of increased efficacy from a more comprehensive application is discussed.

Effects of combined fine motor skill and cognitive therapy to cognition, degree of dementia, depression, and activities of daily living in the elderly with Alzheimer’s disease

Lee, Jin; Lee, ByoungHee; Park, YuHyung; Kim, Yumi
Fonte: The Society of Physical Therapy Science Publicador: The Society of Physical Therapy Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.08%
[Purpose] This study evaluated the effects of combined fine motor skill and cognitive therapies on cognition, depression, and activities of daily living in elderly patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-six participants comprised 2 groups. The experimental group (n=13) received combined fine motor skill and cognitive therapy, and the control group (n=13) received only general medical care. [Results] The experimental group showed improvements in cognition, degree of dementia, depression, and activities of daily living compared to the control group. However, there were no significant differences between the two groups. [Conclusion] These results suggest that combined fine motor skill and cognitive therapy improves cognition, degree of dementia, depression, and daily living in elderly patients with AD. These therapies would therefore be effective as general medical care strategies.

Studies on memory in depression: findings and implications for cognitive therapy; Estudos sobre a memória na depressão: achados e implicações para a terapia cognitiva

Pergher, Giovanni Kuckartz; Stein, Lilian Milnitsky; Wainer, Ricardo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2004 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
O presente trabalho tem como objetivo apontar os benefícios decorrentes de uma integração entre pesquisa básica e psicoterapia. Enfatizaram-se as memórias autobiográficas de pacientes depressivos, as quais se caracterizam por serem supergeneralizadas (i. e., demasiadamente genéricas e inespecíficas). Dentre as conseqüências de uma tendência de processamento mnemônico supergeneralizado, estão a dificuldade para imaginar o futuro, déficits na habilidade de resolução de problemas, favorecimento da perpetuação de processos ruminativos e atos suicidas. As implicações para terapia cognitiva da depressão giram em torno da necessidade de se enfatizarem as especificidades, sejam elas a respeito de situações passadas ou de circunstâncias vindouras desejadas.; The present study intends to point out the benefits of the integration between basic research and psychotherapy. Autobiographic memories of depressed patients were emphasized, which are characterized by being overgeneral (i. e., extremely generic and unespecific). Among the consequences of the tendency for overgeneral mnemonic processing there are the difficulties to imagine the future, deficits in problem solving skills, facilitation of the perpetuation of ruminative processes and suicidal acts. Implications for cognitive therapy on depression turns around the need to emphasize the specificity...

Desafios e tecnologia na psicoterapia cognitiva do TDAH na infância: seguimento de um ano de caso de gêmeos monozigóticos; Challenges and technology in the cognitive psychotherapy of childhood ADHD: one-year follow-up of monozygotic twins

Oliveira, Rodrigo Grassi de; Bicca, Carla
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2003 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
A escolha do caso deve-se a quatro principais motivos: (1) a alta complexidade do caso dificulta o diagnóstico, a abordagem psicofarmacológica e psicoterápica; (2) as dificuldades logísticas comuns aos profissionais e pacientes do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), como dificuldades econômicas e assistenciais, que dificultam o tratamento; (3) a importância da combinação tecnológica de diferentes modelos de terapias cognitivas na abordagem do TDAH, fundamental para alguns casos; (4) e a importância da viabilização proporcionada pelo Programa de Residência quando permite a busca por auxílio externo, em termos de supervisão, o que potencializa a capacitação do residente.; The authors describe the follow-up of monozigotic twins treated with cognitive therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Belief Modification in Cognitive Therapy

Tonneau,François
Fonte: Clínica y Salud Publicador: Clínica y Salud
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
One of the central assumptions of cognitive therapy is that psychological disorders are caused, at least in part, by dysfunctional beliefs. One of the goals of therapy is therefore to modify these beliefs or to replace them by more adaptive ones. Among other treatments, this cognitive strategy has proved clinically successful in a number of cases. The efficacy of belief modification in cognitive therapy raises a number of theoretical and conceptual issues for behavior analysis. I discuss some of the attending difficulties and suggest a possible way out.

The Subject in Cognitive Psychotherapy

Caro-Gabalda,Isabel
Fonte: Anales de Psicología Publicador: Anales de Psicología
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
This paper discusses the various subjects embedded in cognitive psychotherapy. The cognitive model developed by Beck, considered as a rationalist and modernist model, will exemplify these subjects. Cognitive therapy should be placed in the modernist historical context and related to a subject characterized as having rationality and the ability to observe and detect cognitions, emotions and behaviors. The paper develops this background introducing three main subject types. The first is the introspective and conscious subject, who is able to observe what is within oneself, has free access, and is conscious of one's cognitive world. The second is the cognitive miser that describes the subject who enters into therapy. The final subject identified, is the trained scientist who is able to develop a more objective knowledge, changing faulty schemas and cognitive distortions. This subject is the one most looked for in cognitive therapy. We could connect these subjects to some of the main elements of cognitive therapy such as the concept of ABC, assessment procedures, cognitive techniques or the relevance of schemas. Finally, the paper suggests some issues for study that could contribute to the theoretical and clinical evolution of cognitive psychotherapy.

Behavioural therapy in the treatment of obesity (I): New directions for clinical practice

Garaulet,M.; Pérez de Heredia,F.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.08%
Objectives: Behavioural therapy (BT) in obesity treatment helps individuals to develop skills to achieve healthier body weights. Instead of helping to decide what to change, it helps to identify how to change; lifestyle modification is essential for any treatment of obesity, be it dieting, medication, surgery, etc. Physicians often tend to be unwilling to use BT considering it time-consuming and skill-intensive. However, BT can be standardized and used more readily in clinical practice. Besides, new approaches have been developed which contribute to increase the success of the treatments, like non face-to-face techniques, or the new cognitive therapy. Setting: Classical knowledge on BT has been updated with recent publications and information on these new approaches, combined with our own experience in the clinical treatment of obesity. Results: Most research on BT has been conducted in university-based programs which, despite their importance, tell us little about its effectiveness in actual clinical practice. Future research might focus on determining how BT can be best applied in a real-world setting. Examples of new directions are increased maintenance periods, use of Internet, and new cognitive therapy. Besides, elucidating the genetic component in the prognosis of weight management -the nutrigenomic approach- could assist in the development of more effective and individually tailored therapeutic strategies; indeed...