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A new Pennsylvanian Oriocrassatellinae from Brazil and the distribution of the genus Oriocrassatella in space and time

Anelli, Luiz Eduardo; Simoes, Marcello G.; Roberto Gonzalez, Carlos; Souza, Paulo A.
Fonte: PUBLICATIONS SCIENTIFIQUES DU MUSEUM, PARIS; PARIS CEDEX 05 Publicador: PUBLICATIONS SCIENTIFIQUES DU MUSEUM, PARIS; PARIS CEDEX 05
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.35%
Oriocrassatella Etheridge Jr., 1907 is a long range crassatellid bivalve genus well recognized in shallow waters of epeiric seas throughout the upper part of Paleozoic. The first occurrences of this genus are recorded in the sedimentary successions of the Gondwana, both in Australia and South America. However, the geographic and age distribution of Oriocrassatella in Late Mississippian deposits of Australia and Argentina may indicate an earliest Visean or even a pre-Visean origin for the genus. Following its origin in Early Carboniferous a complex paleobiogeographic history from Southern to Northern Hemisphere took place in the Permian. During its initial dispersal phase from Late Carboniferous to the Early Permian the genus thrived in cold water environments associated to the Late Paleozoic Gondwana glaciation. Shallow-water bottoms of the warm waters of the central Gondwana fringe and Laurussia were colonized by Oriocrassatella only during Early Permian times when the genus became cosmopolitan. A new species of this genus is described herein, Oriocrassatella piauiensis n. sp., recorded from the Piaui Formation, Pennsylvanian of the Parnaiba Basin. This new species may represent an early adaptation to warm waters. However, based on available data...

From Amazonia to the Atlantic forest: Molecular phylogeny of Phyzelaphryninae frogs reveals unexpected diversity and a striking biogeographic pattern emphasizing conservation challenges

Fouquet, Antoine; Loebmann, Daniel; Castroviejo-Fisher, Santiago; Padial, Jose M.; Orrico, Victor G. D.; Lyra, Mariana L.; Roberto, Igor Joventino; Kok, Philippe J. R.; Haddad, Celio F. B.; Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut Urbano
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE; SAN DIEGO Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE; SAN DIEGO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.52%
Documenting the Neotropical amphibian diversity has become a major challenge facing the threat of global climate change and the pace of environmental alteration. Recent molecular phylogenetic studies have revealed that the actual number of species in South American tropical forests is largely underestimated, but also that many lineages are millions of years old. The genera Phyzelaphryne (1 sp.) and Adelophryne (6 spp.), which compose the subfamily Phyzelaphryninae, include poorly documented, secretive, and minute frogs with an unusual distribution pattern that encompasses the biotic disjunction between Amazonia and the Atlantic forest. We generated >5.8 kb sequence data from six markers for all seven nominal species of the subfamily as well as for newly discovered populations in order to (1) test the monophyly of Phyzelaphryninae, Adelophryne and Phyzelaphryne, (2) estimate species diversity within the subfamily, and (3) investigate their historical biogeography and diversification. Phylogenetic reconstruction confirmed the monophyly of each group and revealed deep subdivisions within Adelophryne and Phyzelaphryne, with three major clades in Adelophryne located in northern Amazonia, northern Atlantic forest and southern Atlantic forest. Our results suggest that the actual number of species in Phyzelaphryninae is...

Qualidade do serviço : caso das visitas escolares orientadas no Museu Nacional do Traje

Machado, Ana Margarida Gonçalves
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.62%
Projeto de Mestrado em Gestão dos Serviços e da Tecnologia / Classificação JEL: M1 – Business Administration M10 – General; Este trabalho centra-se no estudo da qualidade do serviço prestado aos estabelecimentos de ensino regular, num museu da Área Metropolitana de Lisboa, o Museu Nacional do Traje. A intensificação das relações Escola-Museu proporciona aos alunos desenvolver uma aprendizagem ativa do património cultural e uma experiência única de partilha de conhecimentos. Assim, de modo a consolidar esta relação e atrair novos públicos, os Museus devem apostar fortemente nos seus recursos, na qualidade do seu capital humano e na dinamização de ações de divulgação e comunicação. Como tal tenta-se avaliar a qualidade do serviço prestado aos estabelecimentos de ensino, através do instrumento SERVQUAL, verificando, ao mesmo tempo, se o ambiente organizacional e os processos estão orientados para um serviço de excelência. Relativamente aos processos internos, através da metodologia FMEA, não foram encontradas falhas na fase core do processo – a visita orientada – e foram realizadas ações de melhoria para contornar os constrangimentos identificados. Quanto aos recursos humanos, através da aplicação de questionários de Commitment Organizacional e Clima de Serviço...

A rapid loss of stripes: the evolutionary history of the extinct quagga

Leonard, Jennifer A; Rohland, Nadin; Glaberman, Scott; Fleischer, Robert C; Caccone, Adalgisa; Hofreiter, Michael
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.37%
Twenty years ago, the field of ancient DNA was launched with the publication of two short mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequences from a single quagga (Equus quagga) museum skin, an extinct South African equid (Higuchi et al. 1984 Nature 312, 282–284). This was the first extinct species from which genetic information was retrieved. The DNA sequences of the quagga showed that it was more closely related to zebras than to horses. However, quagga evolutionary history is far from clear. We have isolated DNA from eight quaggas and a plains zebra (subspecies or phenotype Equus burchelli burchelli). We show that the quagga displayed little genetic diversity and very recently diverged from the plains zebra, probably during the penultimate glacial maximum. This emphasizes the importance of Pleistocene climate changes for phylogeographic patterns in African as well as Holarctic fauna.

Sulfur and iron accumulation in three marine-archaeological shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea: The Ghost, the Crown and the Sword

Fors, Yvonne; Grudd, Håkan; Rindby, Anders; Jalilehvand, Farideh; Sandström, Magnus; Cato, Ingemar; Bornmalm, Lennart
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.37%
Sulfur and iron concentrations in wood from three 17th century shipwrecks in the Baltic Sea, the Ghost wreck, the Crown and the Sword, were obtained by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) scanning. In near anaerobic environments symbiotic microorganisms degrade waterlogged wood, reduce sulfate and promote accumulation of low-valent sulfur compounds, as previously found for the famous wrecks of the Vasa and Mary Rose. Sulfur K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analyses of Ghost wreck wood show that organic thiols and disulfides dominate, together with elemental sulfur probably generated by sulfur-oxidizing Beggiatoa bacteria. Iron sulfides were not detected, consistent with the relatively low iron concentration in the wood. In a museum climate with high atmospheric humidity oxidation processes, especially of iron sulfides formed in the presence of corroding iron, may induce post-conservation wood degradation. Subject to more general confirmation by further analyses no severe conservation concerns are expected for the Ghost wreck wood.

Unlocking the vault: next generation museum population genomics

Bi, Ke; Linderoth, Tyler; Vanderpool, Dan; Good, Jeffrey M; Nielsen, Rasmus; Moritz, Craig
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.62%
Natural history museum collections provide unique resources for understanding how species respond to environmental change, including the abrupt, anthropogenic climate change of the past century. Ideally, researchers would conduct genome-scale screening of museum specimens to explore the evolutionary consequences of environmental changes, but to date such analyses have been severely limited by the numerous challenges of working with the highly degraded DNA typical of historic samples. Here we circumvent these challenges by using custom, multiplexed, exon-capture to enrich and sequence ~11,000 exons (~4Mb) from early 20TH century museum skins. We used this approach to test for changes in genomic diversity accompanying a climate-related range retraction in the alpine chipmunks (Tamias alpinus) in the high Sierra Nevada area of California, USA. We developed robust bioinformatic pipelines that rigorously detect and filter-out base misincorporations in DNA derived from skins, most of which likely resulted from post-mortem damage. Furthermore, to accommodate genotyping uncertainties associated with low-medium coverage data, we applied a recently developed probabilistic method to call SNPs and estimate allele frequencies and the joint site frequency spectrum. Our results show increased genetic subdivision following range retraction...

An Ancient Divide in a Contiguous Rainforest: Endemic Earthworms in the Australian Wet Tropics

Moreau, Corrie S.; Hugall, Andrew F.; McDonald, Keith R.; Jamieson, Barrie G. M.; Moritz, Craig
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.36%
Understanding the factors that shape current species diversity is a fundamental aim of ecology and evolutionary biology. The Australian Wet Tropics (AWT) are a system in which much is known about how the rainforests and the rainforest-dependent organisms reacted to late Pleistocene climate changes, but less is known about how events deeper in time shaped speciation and extinction in this highly endemic biota. We estimate the phylogeny of a species-rich endemic genus of earthworms (Terrisswalkerius) from the region. Using DEC and DIVA historical biogeography methods we find a strong signal of vicariance among known biogeographical sub-regions across the whole phylogeny, congruent with the phylogeography of less diverse vertebrate groups. Absolute dating estimates, in conjunction with relative ages of major biogeographic disjunctions across Australia, indicate that diversification in Terrisswalkerius dates back before the mid-Miocene shift towards aridification, into the Paleogene era of isolation of mesothermal Gondwanan Australia. For the Queensland endemic Terrisswalkerius earthworms, the AWT have acted as both a museum of biological diversity and as the setting for continuing geographically structured diversification. These results suggest that past events affecting organismal diversification can be concordant across phylogeographic to phylogenetic levels and emphasize the value of multi-scale analysis...

Herbarium records are reliable sources of phenological change driven by climate and provide novel insights into species’ phenological cueing mechanisms

Davis, Charles Cavender; Willis, Charles George; Connolly, Bryan; Courtland, Kelly; Ellison, Aaron M.
Fonte: Botanical Society of America Publicador: Botanical Society of America
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.52%
Premise of the study: Climate change has resulted in major changes in the phenology of some species but not others. Long-term field observational records provide the best assessment of these changes, but geographic and taxonomic biases limit their utility. Plant specimens in herbaria have been hypothesized to provide a wealth of additional data for studying phenological responses to climatic change. However, no study to our knowledge has comprehensively addressed whether herbarium data are accurate measures of phenological response, and thus applicable to addressing such questions. Methods: We compared flowering phenology determined from field observations (years 1852-1858; 1875; 1878-1908; 2003-2006; 2011-2013) and herbarium records (1852-2013) of 20 species from New England, USA. Key Results: Earliest flowering date estimated from herbarium records faithfully reflected field observations of first flowering date and substantially increased the sampling range across climatic conditions. Additionally, although most species demonstrated a response to inter-annual temperature variation, long-term temporal changes in phenological response were not detectable. Conclusions: Our findings support the use of herbarium records for understanding plant phenological responses to changes in temperature...

Contact history, social memory and the construction of White belonging

Nettelbeck, A.
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.36%
A brief discussion on portraying the past in a climate of awareness, in a non-contradictory way is discussed. The museum installations, public memorials and other forms of local history, the social memory of Australia’s colonial history is more of a regional historical narrative, than national ones, which will openly acknowledge a history of indigenous settler contact and conflict as a founding aspect of local identity.

Geology, geochemistry, and stratigraphy of the Lemudong'o formation, Kenya Rift Valley

Ambrose, S.; Nyamai, C.; Mathu, E.; Williams, M.
Fonte: Cleveland Museum of Natural History Publicador: Cleveland Museum of Natural History
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.36%
The Lemudong’o Formation is defined here as part of a late Miocene to Late Pleistocene sequence of stratified lavas, air-fall and waterlain tuffs, lacustrine, alluvial, and fluvial sediments, and paleosols, that crop out over an approximately 25*50 km area on the western margin of the southern Kenyan Rift Valley, approximately 100 km west of Nairobi. The study area is deeply incised by three major permanent river systems that expose sediments of three late Neogene lake basins. The Lemudong’o Formation comprises deposits of the second paleolake basin, which formed during the late Miocene. Stratigraphic sections in several localities are described and correlated in this report, the Lemudong’o Formation is defined, and a basin sedimentary history and environmental reconstruction is proposed. The Lemudong’o Formation has three main phases of sedimentation with a total thickness of 135 m. Phase 1 is represented by predominantly lacustrine and lake-margin siltstones, mudstones,and sandstones. Phase 2 comprises paleosols in the basin center, and fluvial and alluvial sediments on the eastern basin margin. Phase 3 comprises mainly waterlain tuffs and silts, capped by a welded tuff. Phase 2 may reflect a more arid climate, or a lower basin-overflow elevation. Four tuffs in upper phase-1 mudstones in Lemudong’o Gorge are dated to 6.12 – 6.08 Ma. The main fossil-bearing horizons at Lemudong’o Gorge Locality 1 lie between...

Representing cultural diversity at the National Museum of Australia

Abraham, Beth
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.66%
The National Museum of Australia (NMA) reflects and refracts the communities, environment and social climate around it. The NMA is a recent museum and example of 'new museology'. As such, it is still in the process of defining and negotiating its role in the telling of public history, the form that its narratives should take and the appropriate tenor and tone with which to tell its stories. Every national museum is a product of their unique historiographies, (that is, their own histories and the history of these histories). It is the role of the NMA to best represent to its audiences the reality that Australia is a plural society. This is achieved through creating a mood within which ideas are developed and represented but also which allows the community and visitors to the museum to feel welcome to share their own ideas. The NMA is a museum, but it is also a place that encourages a climate of mutual exchange between visitors and the museum. The museum aims to enhance historical dialogue through recognising, representing, displaying historical narratives, as well as listening and responding to the plural histories of diverse cultures. The socio-political and cultural changes of the twenty-first century helped shape an expectation that national museums would play a role in sharing the plurality of stories in their communities. History...

A Igreja do Carmo : património da cidade da Horta

Sousa, Ágata Patrícia Biga de Almeida Vieira de
Fonte: Universidade Aberta de Portugal Publicador: Universidade Aberta de Portugal
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.43%
Dissertação de Mestrado em Estudos do Património apresentada à Universidade Aberta; Este trabalho debruça-se sobre a Igreja do Convento do Carmo, edifício localizado na cidade da Horta, Ilha do Faial, que se encontra há décadas encerrado ao culto e à comunidade. Alvo de obras de consolidação da estrutura na década passada, processo interrompido antes de chegar ao término, o complexo conventual resiste à actividade sísmica e ao clima açoriano. Estando a ser equacionado o retomar dos trabalhos de recuperação do imóvel, afigura-se necessário estabelecer o seu valor patrimonial, bem como agregar o conhecimento existente sobre ele. Neste âmbito, após um enquadramento histórico onde se aborda de forma sucinta o panorama histórico dos Açores, da Ordem do Carmo e deste imóvel, o primeiro templo carmelita português erigido fora do território continental, construído entre os séculos XVII e XVIII, realiza-se a descrição da Igreja do Carmo, com a análise da filiação estética do exterior e do interior nas correntes portuguesas do Estilo Chão, Barroco e Rococó (este,apenas no interior). Partindo da proposta de intervenção no edifício datada de 1999/2000, é feita a descrição do seu estado de conservação...

Edging along a Warming Coast: A Range Extension for a Common Sandy Beach Crab

Schoeman, David S.; Schlacher, Thomas A.; Jones, Alan R.; Murray, Anna; Huijbers, Chantal M.; Olds, Andrew D.; Connolly, Rod M.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/11/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
Determining the position of range edges is the first step in developing an understanding of the ecological and evolutionary dynamics in play as species’ ranges shift in response to climate change. Here, we study the leading (poleward) range edge of Ocypode cordimanus, a ghost crab that is common along the central to northern east coast of Australia. Our study establishes the poleward range edge of adults of this species to be at Merimbula (36.90°S, 149.93°E), 270 km (along the coast) south of the previous southernmost museum record. We also establish that dispersal of pelagic larvae results in recruitment to beaches 248 km (along the coast; 0.9° of latitude) beyond the adult range edge we have documented here. Although we cannot conclusively demonstrate that the leading range edge for this species has moved polewards in response to climate change, this range edge does fall within a “hotspot” of ocean warming, where surface isotherms are moving southwards along the coast at 20–50 km.decade-1; coastal air temperatures in the region are also warming. If these patterns persist, future range extensions could be anticipated. On the basis of their ecology, allied with their occupancy of ocean beaches, which are home to taxa that are particularly amenable to climate-change studies...

Museum, Laboratory, and Field Site: Graduate Training in Zoology at Harvard and Radcliffe Colleges, 1873-1934

Tonn, Jenna Alexandra
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.53%
This dissertation examines the development of graduate training in zoology at Harvard and Radcliffe Colleges under E. L. Mark between 1873 and 1934. It focuses on the changing spatial, institutional, and intellectual relationship between the Museum of Comparative Zoology and the Department of Zoology as a result of university-wide educational reforms that introduced teaching and research in the biological sciences to the curriculum in the nineteenth century. Part I examines the Museum of Comparative Zoology’s relationship to the growth of elective instruction in natural history. Debates between the museum’s director, Alexander Agassiz, Harvard’s President Charles W. Eliot, and E. L. Mark hinged on the uncertain role that the museum was prepared to play as a site for undergraduate teaching. The creation of the department as an administrative unit in 1890, and the subsequent organization of the Department of Zoology, changed the balance of power between Agassiz and Mark and sparked demarcation conflicts over what counted as a teachable form of zoology. Part II explores the scientific cultures of the Harvard and Radcliffe Zoological Laboratories. It addresses the laboratory as a physical site, a disciplinary space...

Ancestral origins and invasion pathways in a globally invasive bird correlate with climate and influences from bird trade

Jackson, Hazel; Strubbe, Diederik; Tollington, Simon; Prys-Jones, Robert; Matthysen, Erik; Groombridge, Jim J
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.44%
Invasive species present a major threat to global biodiversity. Understanding genetic patterns and evolutionary processes that reinforce successful establishment is paramount for elucidating mechanisms underlying biological invasions. Among birds, the ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) is one of the most successful invasive species, established in over 35 countries. However, little is known about the evolutionary genetic origins of this species and what population genetic signatures tell us about patterns of invasion. We reveal the ancestral origins of populations across the invasive range and explore the potential influence of climate and propagule pressure from the pet trade on observed genetic patterns. Ring-necked parakeet samples representing the ancestral native range (n = 96) were collected from museum specimens, and modern samples from the invasive range (n = 855) were gathered from across Europe, Mauritius and Seychelles, and sequenced for two mitochondrial DNA markers comprising 868 bp of cytochrome b and control region, and genotyped at 10 microsatellite loci. Invasive populations comprise birds that originate predominantly from Pakistan and northern areas of India. Haplotypes associated with more northerly distribution limits in the ancestral native range were more prevalent in invasive populations in Europe...

The French ambers : a general conspectus and the Lowermost Eocene amber deposit of Le Quesnoy in the Paris Basin

Nel, A.; Ploëg, G. de; Millet, J.; Menier, J.-J.; Waller, A.
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.36%
Aconspectus of the current knowledge on the French ambers is proposed. France is a very rich country with more than seventy localities known after the 'old' literature, especially from the Jurassic, Cretaceous and Paleogene. A more detailed new insectiferous amber locality is given for the amber from Le Quesnoy (Lowermost Eocene, Oise department, Paris Basin, France). After the preliminary survey of the flora and the vertebrate and arthropod faunas, we propose a reconstruction of a fluvio-lacustrine palaeoenvironment with a forest, under a warm and wet seasonal climate. This site is outstanding because of the richness, diversity and the state of preservation of the fossils. The present discovery opens a remarkable window on the terrestrial life during the earliest Eocene. It shows that future researches on the 'old' French amber localities shall be crucial for our knowledge on the evolution and diversity of the insects during the Mesozoic and Early Cenozoic.

Conservação de coleções em ambientes tropicais: coletando e comunicando dados do Museu Paulista/USP, Brasil (1997-2000); Caring for collections in tropical environments: collecting and communicating data at Museu Paulista/USP, Brasil (1997-2000)

Paula, Teresa Cristina Toledo de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Museu Paulista Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Museu Paulista
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2001 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.6%
As atividades de monitoramento e controle ambiental nas regiões temperadas originaram os parâmetros e práticas hoje estabelecidos mundialmente para a conservação de acervos; tais parâmetros e práticas, entretanto, podem não ser adequados à conservação de acervos em regiões tropicais. Este trabalho apresenta uma pesquisa sobre as condições ambientais em museu de região tropical, o Museu Paulista da Universidade de São Paulo. Trinta e três salas, halls e corredores nos quatro pavimentos do Museu Paulista têm sido monitorados por termo-higrógrafos desde 1997. Grandes variações na UR (30-98%) e temperatura (12-35 graus C) foram registradas. O efeito nocivo sobre as coleções, esperável em situações climáticas tão inconstantes, não foi encontrado onde há ventilação apropriada. O monitoramento possibilitou, também, a identificação de áreas de alto risco, onde ações localizadas podem ser introduzidas de forma econômica. Desenvolver um modo efetivo de comunicar essas informações ambientais à equipe do museu mostrou-se vital à implementação de medidas sustentáveis de monitoramento e controle climáticos.; The monitoring and environment control activities in the temperate regions have originated the parameters and the actions now established...

Conserving Moving Species under Changing Landscapes and Climates

Loarie, Scott Robbins
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 6153073 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em 04/08/2008 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.51%

To conserve biodiversity, it is critical to understand the dynamic landscapes and climates through which species move and how the environment influences movement choices. In particular, I am interested in how species respond to human modifications to landscapes and climates. Chapter 1 uses datasets on the spatial and temporal coverage of remotely sensed land cover datasets to examine gaps in the monitoring of environmental priorities. Temporal gaps in Landsat and spatial gaps in commercial high resolution satellites such as QuickBird may hinder land cover change monitoring efforts.

Chapter 2 uses Global Climate Models and museum specimens to projects the impact of climate change on the flora of California, a global biodiversity hotspot. With anticipated climate change, up to 66% may experience >80% reductions in range size within a century. These projections are less severe if plants are able to disperse in time. With no constraints on dispersal, plant centroids move an average of up to 150 km. The projections identify regions where species undergoing severe range reductions may persist. Protecting these potential future refugia and facilitating species dispersal may be essential to maintain biodiversity in the face of climate change.

Chapter 3 analyzes the movements of 73 elephants fitted with GPS collars against 4 remotely sensed datasets spanning a strong rainfall gradient across 7 southern African countries. Movements show strong seasonal and geographic differences across the study area. Two major human interventions...

Um palácio para a imigração? Uma apresentação da Cité nationale de l’histoire de l’immigration na França; A palace for imigration?

Delaplace, Andrea C. J.
Fonte: Centro de Preservação Cultural. Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão - USP. Publicador: Centro de Preservação Cultural. Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão - USP.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Avaliado pelos pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/10/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.36%
Com a globalização e o surgimento da Comunidade Europeia, a questão das migrações se apresenta no centro das preocupações políticas mundiais contemporâneas. E nesse contexto histórico de países de imigração ou de emigração organizam-se os museus de estudos das migrações que pertencem à categoria dos museus de história e de sociedade. Na França é criada a Cité nationale de l'Histoire de l'Immigration : um museu que apresenta ao público uma abordagem histórica e cultural da imigração assim como obras de arte contemporânea que tratam do tema.; Globalization and the emergence of the European Union have propelled the topic of immigration to the center of the current political climate. In this historical context, museums about immigration are springing up everywhere, comparable to history and sociological museums. In France, the Cité nationale de l’Histoire de l’Immigration has opened its doors. This is a museum that presents a historical and cultural approach to immigration as well as contemporary works of art dealing with the theme ofimmigration.

The end of the museum

Flessas, Tatiana
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/05/2013 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.53%
In recent years, there have been a plethora of cases in which museums have had to release treasured pieces. New legal initiatives and developments increasingly make repatriation claims by source nations and other single or group ‘original owners’ possible, most recently in the area of illicitly-trafficked antiquities. Recent scholarship radically questions the genealogy and functions of the museum, and its relationship with the concepts of space, culture, and identity. In terms of space, there have been analyses that place the museum at the centre of disciplinary projects, ‘civilizing rituals’, architectural expressions of the diremptions in the genealogies and cultural histories of modernity. In terms of culture and identity, there have been similar deconstructions of the links between nation-building and housing art and artefacts. Museums are now searching for strategies to protect their collections from the loss of authority and status that attend repatriation claims in this climate of criticism. Yet, do museums collude in this loss of authority by joining in the ‘propertization’ of their collections? Embedded in the notion of modern museology is the primacy of the object. This, arguably, aids the legal and political initiatives that permit deaccessioning of objects...