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Segmental stabilization and muscular strengthening in chronic low back pain: a comparative study

FRANÇA, Fábio Renovato; BURKE, Thomaz Nogueira; HANADA, Erica Sato; MARQUES, Amélia Pasqual
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.03%
OBJECTIVE: To contrast the efficacy of two exercise programs, segmental stabilization and strengthening of abdominal and trunk muscles, on pain, functional disability, and activation of the transversus abdominis muscle (TrA), in individuals with chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Our sample consisted of 30 individuals, randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: segmental stabilization, where exercises focused on the TrA and lumbar multifidus muscles, and superficial strengthening, where exercises focused on the rectus abdominis, abdominus obliquus internus, abdominus obliquus externus, and erector spinae. Groups were examined to discovere whether the exercises created contrasts regarding pain (visual analogical scale and McGill pain questionnaire), functional disability (Oswestry disability questionnaire), and TrA muscle activation capacity (Pressure Biofeedback Unit = PBU). The program lasted 6 weeks, and 30-minute sessions occurred twice a week. Analysis of variance was used for inter- and intra-group comparisons. The significance level was established at 5%. RESULTS: As compared to baseline, both treatments were effective in relieving pain and improving disability (p<0.001). Those in the segmental stabilization group had significant gains for all variables when compared to the ST group (p<0.001)...

Incapacidade em pessoas com dor lombar crônica: prevalência e fatores preditores; Disability in chronic low back pain: prevalence and predictors

Salvetti, Marina de Góes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/02/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.16%
INTRODUÇÃO: A incapacidade relacionada à lombalgia crônica é um fenômeno complexo, multideterminado e pouco compreendido. OBJETIVO: Identificar a prevalência, caracterizar a incapacidade e identificar os fatores preditores independentes de incapacidade em pessoas com dor lombar crônica. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal com amostra não probabilística de 215 adultos com dor lombar crônica (idade média 45 anos; DP=11,1, 65% eram mulheres, média de escolaridade de 11 anos, média da intensidade da dor de 7,3; DP=2,3) atendidos em 3 serviços de saúde e trabalhadores de duas indústrias. Os dados foram coletados entre janeiro e novembro de 2008 e os participantes responderam a 8 instrumentos: a Ficha de Caracterização, o Oswestry Disability Index, o Questionário de atividade física habitual de Baecke, a Escala de Auto-eficácia para Dor Crônica, Inventário de Atitudes frente à Dor, a Escala Tampa de Cinesiofobia, Inventário de Depressão de Beck, a Escala de Fadiga de Piper Revisada. Após testes de confiabilidade de todos os instrumentos, o Questionário de atividade física habitual de Baecke foi excluído. Utilizaram-se os pontos de corte previstos nas Escalas e determinaram-se pontos de corte para as variáveis: auto-eficácia...

Avaliação da percepção de dor, incapacidade e depressão em indivíduos com dor lombar crônica; Evaluation of pain perception, disability and depression in individuals with chronic low back pain

Garbi, Márcia de Oliveira Sakamoto Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.16%
O objetivo geral deste estudo foi avaliar a dor percebida, em indivíduos com dor lombar crônica, e as correlações existentes entre a variável intensidade de dor, incapacidade e depressão. Os objetivos específicos foram caracterizar sociodemograficamente os indivíduos com dor lombar crônica, mensurar a intensidade de dor percebida, identificar a incapacidade relacionada às atividades de vida diária, identificar os níveis de depressão, estabelecer correlações entre as variáveis estudadas e identificar os descritores de maior e menor atribuição na caracterização da dor. Trata-se de estudo transversal descritivo-exploratório. Utilizou-se um questionário contendo os itens para a coleta de dados sociodemográficos e econômicos e perguntas relacionadas à percepção da dor, a Escala Multidimensional de Avaliação de Dor, o Questionário Roland-Morris de Incapacidade e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck. A coleta de dados ocorreu na Clínica para o Tratamento da Dor do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, USP. Foi realizada uma análise exploratória dos dados e aplicado o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman para correlacionar as variáveis de interesse. A amostra foi composta por 60 sujeitos que apresentavam dor lombar crônica com idade média de 54...

Efficacy of the Santhiflex™ method of psychomotor postural re-education in the treatment of chronic low back pain

Pereira,Olívia Santos
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.13%
Introduction Chronic low back pain is conceived of as a multifactorial syndrome that results in the loss of functional capacity. It affects the quality of life of an individual and its treatment requires a comprehensive therapeutic approach. Objective The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of the Santhiflex™ Method in the treatment of chronic low back pain, as well as its effects on functional capacity, health-related quality of life and body posture. Materials and methods 20 patients with chronic low back pain were randomly distributed into two groups of 10: an experimental group, which was treated with the Santhiflex™ Method of psychomotor postural re-education; and a control group, which was given a lecture on postural orientation after the first evaluation. Results The obtained data were analyzed using standard statistical software, SPSS-17 for Windows (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA) and the results were expressed as absolute and relative frequencies, and median with first and third quartiles. The nonparametric Wilcoxon test was used for within-group samples. Intergroup comparison was performed using the Mann-Whitney test. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. There were significant differences in the main factors assessed. Discussion The findings demonstrated a significant total improvement in low back pain scores in the EG...

Prevalence of fatigue and associated factors in chronic low back pain patients

Salvetti,Marina de Góes; Pimenta,Cibele Andrucioli de Mattos; Braga,Patrícia Emília; McGillion,Michael
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.12%
OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence and key factors associated with fatigue in chronic low back pain patients. METHODS: cross-sectional study of 215 chronic low back pain patients from three health care centers and two industrial corporations. The crude prevalence of fatigue and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Associations between fatigue and the independent variables were measured. RESULTS: the prevalence of fatigue among the participants was 26.0% [95% CI: 20.3 - 32.5]. Fatigue was independently associated with depression and self-efficacy. An increase of one unit in the score of depression increased the risk of fatigue by 9%; an increase of one unit in the score of self-efficacy reduced the risk of fatigue by 2%. CONCLUSIONS: fatigue was prevalent in chronic low back pain patients and associated with depression and self-efficacy. Knowing these factors can direct strategies for prevention and control of fatigue in chronic low back pain patients.

Study of the effectiveness of interferential current as compared to transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in reducing chronic low back pain

Dohnert,Marcelo Baptista; Bauer,Jordana Peres; Pavão,Tiago Sebastiá
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.14%
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic low back pain has an incidence of 70% in general population and induces significant limitations. As treatment, physiotherapy stands out with a wide variety of techniques among them, for pain relief, electrotherapy is a useful tool. This study aimed at comparing the analgesic effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial carried out between August 2013 and May 2014 in the clinic school of physiotherapy, Ulbra-Torres, with chronic low back pain patients. Patients were divided in two groups: intervention group (IG) treated with interferential current and control group (CG) treated with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. Visual analog scale, Oswestry Questionnaire and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire were used for baseline evaluation. Patients were treated for five weeks, twice a week, in a total of 10 interventions. At the end, they were re-evaluated and one month after they were submitted to follow-up with the visual analog scale. RESULTS: Participated in the study 28 patients, being 14 in IG and 14 in CG. Sample was homogeneous intragroups for gender, age, color and mean pain duration. There has been significant pain improvement in both groups by the visual analog scale and functionality improvement by Oswestry and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaires when comparing baseline and final evaluations (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: There were positive results in chronic low back pain improvement both with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current...

Segmental stabilization and muscular strengthening in chronic low back pain: a comparative study

França,Fábio Renovato; Burke,Thomaz Nogueira; Hanada,Erica Sato; Marques,Amélia Pasqual
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.03%
OBJECTIVE: To contrast the efficacy of two exercise programs, segmental stabilization and strengthening of abdominal and trunk muscles, on pain, functional disability, and activation of the transversus abdominis muscle (TrA), in individuals with chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Our sample consisted of 30 individuals, randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: segmental stabilization, where exercises focused on the TrA and lumbar multifidus muscles, and superficial strengthening, where exercises focused on the rectus abdominis, abdominus obliquus internus, abdominus obliquus externus, and erector spinae. Groups were examined to discovere whether the exercises created contrasts regarding pain (visual analogical scale and McGill pain questionnaire), functional disability (Oswestry disability questionnaire), and TrA muscle activation capacity (Pressure Biofeedback Unit = PBU). The program lasted 6 weeks, and 30-minute sessions occurred twice a week. Analysis of variance was used for inter- and intra-group comparisons. The significance level was established at 5%. RESULTS: As compared to baseline, both treatments were effective in relieving pain and improving disability (p<0.001). Those in the segmental stabilization group had significant gains for all variables when compared to the ST group (p<0.001)...

S1 is associated with chronic low back pain: a functional and structural MRI study

Kong, Jian; Spaeth, Rosa B; Wey, Hsiao-Ying; Cheetham, Alexandra; Cook, Amanda H; Jensen, Karin; Tan, Ying; Liu, Hesheng; Wang, Danhong; Loggia, Marco L; Napadow, Vitaly; Smoller, Jordan W; Wasan, Ajay D; Gollub, Randy L
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.08%
A fundamental characteristic of neural circuits is the capacity for plasticity in response to experience. Neural plasticity is associated with the development of chronic pain disorders. In this study, we investigated 1) brain resting state functional connectivity (FC) differences between patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) and matched healthy controls (HC); 2) FC differences within the cLBP patients as they experienced different levels of endogenous low back pain evoked by exercise maneuvers, and 3) morphometric differences between cLBP patients and matched HC. We found the dynamic character of FC in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) in cLBP patients, i.e., S1 FC decreased when the patients experienced low intensity LBP as compared with matched healthy controls, and FC at S1 increased when cLBP patients experienced high intensity LBP as compared with the low intensity condition. In addition, we also found increased cortical thickness in the bilateral S1 somatotopically associated with the lower back in cLBP patients as compared to healthy controls. Our results provide evidence of structural plasticity co-localized with areas exhibiting FC changes in S1 in cLBP patients.

Are 2 Questions Enough to Screen for Depression and Anxiety in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain?

Reme, Silje Endresen; Lie, Stein Atle; Eriksen, Hege R.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.02%
Study Design. Cross-sectional study. Objective. To examine the sensitivity of 2 single-item questions compared with 2 longer questionnaires for screening depression and anxiety among patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Summary of Background Data. Psychosocial factors are frequently identified as risk factors for developing CLBP and as predictors for treatment, and questionnaires are often used to screen for this. Shorter instruments may be easier to use in clinical practice settings. Methods. A total of 564 patients with 2 to 10 months of at least 50% sickness absence due to nonspecific low back pain were assessed for depression and anxiety with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Single-item questions for depression and anxiety from the Subjective Health Complaint Inventory and 2 longer questionnaires, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Hopkins Symptom Checklist–25, were compared with MINI results, considered the “gold standard” in this study. Sensitivity and specificity of single-item and longer questionnaires and receiver operating characteristic curves were compared. Results. According to MINI, the prevalence of anxiety disorders was 12% whereas that of depressive disorders was 4%. The screening questions showed 95% sensitivity and 56% specificity for depressive disorders and 68% sensitivity and 85% specificity for anxiety disorders. The longer questionnaire...

Disrupted functional connectivity of the periaqueductal gray in chronic low back pain

Yu, Rongjun; Gollub, Randy L.; Spaeth, Rosa; Napadow, Vitaly; Wasan, Ajay; Kong, Jian
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.13%
Chronic low back pain is a common neurological disorder. The periaqueductal gray (PAG) plays a key role in the descending modulation of pain. In this study, we investigated brain resting state PAG functional connectivity (FC) differences between patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) in low pain or high pain condition and matched healthy controls (HCs). PAG seed based functional connectivity (FC) analysis of the functional MR imaging data was performed to investigate the difference among the connectivity maps in the cLBP in the low or high pain condition and HC groups as well as within the cLBP at differing endogenous back pain intensities. Results showed that FC between the PAG and the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC)/rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) increased in cLBP patients compared to matched controls. In addition, we also found significant negative correlations between pain ratings and PAG–vmPFC/rACC FC in cLBP patients after pain-inducing maneuver. The duration of cLBP was negatively correlated with PAG–insula and PAG–amygdala FC before pain-inducing maneuver in the patient group. These findings are in line with the impairments of the descending pain modulation reported in patients with cLBP. Our results provide evidence showing that cLBP patients have abnormal FC in PAG centered pain modulation network during rest.

Do patients with chronic low back pain have an altered level and/or pattern of physical activity compared to healthy individuals? A systematic review of the literature

Griffin, Derek William; Harmon, D.C.; Kennedy, Norelee
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.19%
peer-reviewed; Background It is commonly assumed that patients with chronic low back pain are less active than healthy individuals. There has been a recent increase in the number of studies published comparing the physical activity levels of patients with chronic low back pain and healthy individuals. Objectives The aim of this systematic review was to determine, based on the current body of evidence, if patients with chronic low back pain have a lower level and/or altered pattern of physical activity compared with asymptomatic, healthy individuals. Data sources The electronic databases Embase, Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Cinahl, Sport Discus and Nursing and Allied Health were searched from the beginning of each database until the end of December 2009. Review methods Studies which compared the level and/or pattern of physical activity of patients with chronic low back pain and healthy controls were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed using an assessment tool based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The scale was modified for the purposes of this study. Results Seven studies were included in the final review. Four studies recruited adult patients (18–65 years), two studies examined older adults (≥65 years) and one study recruited adolescents (<18 years). Pooled data revealed no significant difference in the overall activity level of adults or adolescents with CLBP...

Suicidal ideation and the risk of suicide in patients with fibromyalgia: a comparison with non-pain controls and patients suffering from low-back pain

Jim??nez-Rodr??guez, Irene; Garc??a-Leiva, Juan Miguel; Jim??nez-Rodr??guez, Beatriz M.; Cond??s-Moreno, Emilia; Rico-Villademoros, Fernando; Pita Calandre, Elena
Fonte: Dove Press Publicador: Dove Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.13%
Fibromyalgia is associated with an increased rate of mortality from suicide. In fact, this disease is associated with several characteristics that are linked to an increased risk of suicidal behaviors, such as being female and experiencing chronic pain, psychological distress, and sleep disturbances. However, the literature concerning suicidal behaviors and their risk factors in fibromyalgia is sparse. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and the risk of suicide in a sample of patients with fibromyalgia compared with a sample of healthy subjects and a sample of patients with chronic low-back pain. We also aimed to evaluate the relevance of pain intensity, depression, and sleep quality as variables related to suicidal ideation and risks. Logistic regression was applied to estimate the likelihood of suicidal ideation and the risk of suicide adjusted by age and sex. We also used two logistic regression models using age, sex, pain severity score, depression severity, sleep quality, and disease state as independent variables and using the control group as a reference. Forty-four patients with fibromyalgia, 32 patients with low-back pain, and 50 controls were included. Suicidal ideation...

Prevalence of chronic low back pain: systematic review

Meucci,Rodrigo Dalke; Fassa,Anaclaudia Gastal; Faria,Neice Muller Xavier
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.25%
OBJECTIVE To estimate worldwide prevalence of chronic low back pain according to age and sex.METHODS We consulted Medline (PubMed), LILACS and EMBASE electronic databases. The search strategy used the following descriptors and combinations: back pain, prevalence, musculoskeletal diseases, chronic musculoskeletal pain, rheumatic, low back pain, musculoskeletal disorders and chronic low back pain. We selected cross-sectional population-based or cohort studies that assessed chronic low back pain as an outcome. We also assessed the quality of the selected studies as well as the chronic low back pain prevalence according to age and sex.RESULTS The review included 28 studies. Based on our qualitative evaluation, around one third of the studies had low scores, mainly due to high non-response rates. Chronic low back pain prevalence was 4.2% in individuals aged between 24 and 39 years old and 19.6% in those aged between 20 and 59. Of nine studies with individuals aged 18 and above, six reported chronic low back pain between 3.9% and 10.2% and three, prevalence between 13.1% and 20.3%. In the Brazilian older population, chronic low back pain prevalence was 25.4%.CONCLUSIONS Chronic low back pain prevalence increases linearly from the third decade of life on...

Locus of control in active physical therapy treatment for non-specific chronic low back pain

Batista,Alexandre Apolinário de Souza; Diniz,Leandro Silva Rezende; Oliveira,Vinícius Cunha; Venturini,Claudia
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.18%
AbstractIntroduction The health locus of control is defined as the perception of individuals in relation to whom they believe to be responsible for their health condition, including low back pain.Objective To identify whether individuals suffering from chronic low back pain in active physical therapy treatment believe they are responsible for their own condition.Material and methods Cross-sectional study involving 28 patients under active physical therapy treatment for non-specific chronic low back pain. Sociodemographic data and low back characteristics — including disability and pain severity — were collected. The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) scale was used to assess the health locus of control.Results Participants undergoing active low back pain treatment presented a mean (SD) of 26 points (11.40) in a 0–100 point scale for disability and 6.39 points (2.24) on a 0–10 scale for pain. In relation to the health locus of control, the means (SD) for internal, external and chance subscales were, respectively: 29.32 (3.98), 24.75 (3.58), and 13.71 (6.67). 82.1% of the participants presented higher rates for internal locus of control.Conclusion Patients undergoing active treatment for chronic low back pain believe they are responsible for their own condition. Further longitudinal studies may determine whether active treatments affect the beliefs of low back pain patients.

Individualised cognitive functional therapy compared with a combined exercise and pain education class for patients with non-specific chronic low back pain: study protocol for a multi-centre randomised controlled trial

O'Keeffe, Mary; Purtill, Helen; Kennedy, Norelee; O'Sullivan, Peter; Dankaerts, Wim; Tighe, Aidan; Allworthy, Lars; Donlan, Louise; Bargary, Norman; O'Sullivan, Kieran
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
126%
peer-reviewed; Introduction: Non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) is a very common and costly musculoskeletal disorder associated with a complex interplay of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy (CFT) represents a novel, patientcentred intervention which directly challenges painrelated behaviours in a cognitively integrated, functionally specific and graduated manner. CFT aims to target all biopsychosocial factors that are deemed to be barriers to recovery for an individual patient with NSCLBP. A recent randomised controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated the superiority of individualised CFT for NSCLBP compared to manual therapy combined with exercise. However, several previous RCTs have suggested that class-based interventions are as effective as individualised interventions. Therefore, it is important to examine whether an individualised intervention, such as CFT, demonstrates clinical effectiveness compared to a relatively cheaper exercise and education class. The current study will compare the clinical effectiveness of individualised CFT with a combined exercise and pain education class in people with NSCLBP; PUBLISHED; peer-reviewed

Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Chronic Low Back Pain: What Treatments are Patients Willing to Try?

Sherman, Karen J; Cherkin, Daniel C; Erro, Janet; Savetsky, Jacqueline B; Connelly, Maureen Therese; Davis, Roger B.; Eisenberg, David Miles
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.14%
Background: Although back pain is the most common reason patients use complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies, little is known about the willingness of primary care back pain patients to try these therapies. As part of an effort to refine recruitment strategies for clinical trials, we sought to determine if back pain patients are willing to try acupuncture, chiropractic, massage, meditation, and t'ai chi and to learn about their knowledge of, experience with, and perceptions about each of these therapies. Methods: We identified English-speaking patients with diagnoses consistent with chronic low back pain using automated visit data from one health care organization in Boston and another in Seattle. We were able to confirm the eligibility status (i.e., current low back pain that had lasted at least 3 months) of 70% of the patients with such diagnoses and all eligible respondents were interviewed. Results: Except for chiropractic, knowledge about these therapies was low. Chiropractic and massage had been used by the largest fractions of respondents (54% and 38%, respectively), mostly for back pain (45% and 24%, respectively). Among prior users of specific CAM therapies for back pain, massage was rated most helpful. Users of chiropractic reported treatment-related "significant discomfort...

Attitudes and beliefs of Brazilian physical therapists about chronic low back pain: a cross-sectional study

Magalhães,Maurício O.; Costa,Leonardo O. P.; Cabral,Cristina M. N.; Machado,Luciana A. C.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.16%
OBJECTIVES: To measure the attitudes and beliefs of Brazilian physical therapists about chronic low back pain and to identify the sociodemographic characteristics that are more likely to influence these attitudes and beliefs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 100 Brazilian physical therapists who routinely work with chronic low back pain patients. The attitudes and beliefs were measured by the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for Physiotherapists (PABS.PT) and the Health Care Providers' Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale (HC-PAIRS). Multivariate linear regression models were built to identify sociodemographic characteristics that could be associated with physical therapists' attitudes and beliefs. RESULTS: Mean scores on the biomedical and biopsychosocial factors of PABS.PT were 27.06 (SD 7.19) and 24.34 (SD 6.31), respectively, and the mean score on HC-PAIRS was 45.45 (SD 10.45). The score on PABS.PTbiomedical was associated with gender and years of professional experience. No variable was associated with the score on PABS.PTbiopsychosocial. The score on HC-PAIRS was significantly associated with the number of back pain patients seen by the physical therapist each month. These results indicate that male and less experienced physical therapists tend to follow a biomedical approach to the treatment of chronic low back pain patients...

Estudo clínico-qualitativo da dinâmica psíquica de pessoas com lombalgia crônica por artrose facetária; Clinical and qualitative study psychological dynamic of people with chronic low back pain by facet arthrosis

Paula, Barbara Subtil de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/07/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.19%
A dor é uma experiência emocional e sensorial desagradável, associada ao dano real ou potencial de alguma região do corpo. Segundo a International Association for the Study of Pain, ela é sempre subjetiva, pois sua percepção é aprendida com a vivência pessoal de cada indivíduo. A lombalgia atinge cerca de 80% da população adulta e sua cronicidade pode estar relacionada com diversos fatores. Objetivou-se compreender a dinâmica psíquica das pessoas com lombalgia crônica por artrose facetária selecionadas para o estudo, partindo da perspectiva da psicossomática (campo de conhecimento que trabalha na interface entre os aspectos mentais, físicos e sociais) em uma compreensão biopsicossocial. Constitui-se em uma pesquisa descritiva de caráter clínico-qualitativo. Como método, foram definidas duas frentes de trabalho: revisão bibliográfica e estudo de campo. Na primeira realizou-se revisão bibliográfica acerca do tema dor e psicologia. A base de dados utilizada foi Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS-PSI). Levantou-se todo tipo de publicação através de uma terminologia padronizada no site BVS-PSI. Foram mantidas para análise de conteúdo do texto completo as publicações que fizeram referência à dor crônica lombar e que apontarem presença de psicologia...

Segmental stabilization and muscular strengthening in chronic low back pain: a comparative study

França, Fábio Renovato; Burke, Thomaz Nogueira; Hanada, Erica Sato; Marques, Amélia Pasqual
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
126.02%
OBJECTIVE: To contrast the efficacy of two exercise programs, segmental stabilization and strengthening of abdominal and trunk muscles, on pain, functional disability, and activation of the transversus abdominis muscle (TrA), in individuals with chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Our sample consisted of 30 individuals, randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: segmental stabilization, where exercises focused on the TrA and lumbar multifidus muscles, and superficial strengthening, where exercises focused on the rectus abdominis, abdominus obliquus internus, abdominus obliquus externus, and erector spinae. Groups were examined to discovere whether the exercises created contrasts regarding pain (visual analogical scale and McGill pain questionnaire), functional disability (Oswestry disability questionnaire), and TrA muscle activation capacity (Pressure Biofeedback Unit = PBU). The program lasted 6 weeks, and 30-minute sessions occurred twice a week. Analysis of variance was used for inter- and intra-group comparisons. The significance level was established at 5%. RESULTS: As compared to baseline, both treatments were effective in relieving pain and improving disability (p

Prevalence of chronic low back pain: systematic review

Meucci,Rodrigo Dalke; Fassa,Anaclaudia Gastal; Faria,Neice Muller Xavier
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.25%
OBJECTIVE To estimate worldwide prevalence of chronic low back pain according to age and sex. METHODS We consulted Medline (PubMed), LILACS and EMBASE electronic databases. The search strategy used the following descriptors and combinations: back pain, prevalence, musculoskeletal diseases, chronic musculoskeletal pain, rheumatic, low back pain, musculoskeletal disorders and chronic low back pain. We selected cross-sectional population-based or cohort studies that assessed chronic low back pain as an outcome. We also assessed the quality of the selected studies as well as the chronic low back pain prevalence according to age and sex. RESULTS The review included 28 studies. Based on our qualitative evaluation, around one third of the studies had low scores, mainly due to high non-response rates. Chronic low back pain prevalence was 4.2% in individuals aged between 24 and 39 years old and 19.6% in those aged between 20 and 59. Of nine studies with individuals aged 18 and above, six reported chronic low back pain between 3.9% and 10.2% and three, prevalence between 13.1% and 20.3%. In the Brazilian older population, chronic low back pain prevalence was 25.4%. CONCLUSIONS Chronic low back pain prevalence increases linearly from the third decade of life on...