Página 1 dos resultados de 12433 itens digitais encontrados em 0.028 segundos

Gestão democrática na educação infantil: o compartilhamento da educação da criança pequena ; Democratic management in children education: sharing the little child education

Monção, Maria Aparecida Guedes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/10/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
O trabalho teve como objetivo estudar em que medida pode efetivar-se, nas instituições de educação infantil, uma gestão democrática que possibilite o compartilhamento da educação e do cuidado da criança pequena entre educadores e famílias. Além disso, buscou-se analisar a interação entre família e Centro de Educação Infantil (CEI), com vistas a identificar a especificidade da administração educacional nesse segmento. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, realizada por meio de um estudo de caso de cunho etnográfico. A pesquisa empírica ocorreu em um CEI da rede municipal de São Paulo, instituição pública que atende crianças de 0 a 4 anos. Os procedimentos técnicos para a efetivação do estudo empírico conjugaram a observação participante, a entrevista semiestruturada e a análise documental. Foram entrevistadas professoras, equipe de gestão, equipe de apoio, famílias e supervisora de ensino. A coleta e a organização dos dados pautaram-se em três eixos analíticos: 1) a relação entre professoras e crianças; 2) a relação entre professoras e equipe de gestão; e 3) a relação entre educadores e famílias. Constatou-se, no âmbito do CEI pesquisado, um contexto educacional complexo, envolto em práticas autoritárias e pouco atentas às crianças e a suas necessidades. As tensões nas relações entre professoras e crianças...

A implementação da política pública de educação infantil : entre o proposto e o existente; The implementation of public policies focused in children education : between the proposed and existing

Candida Maria Santos Daltro Alves
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
A presente pesquisa teve como objetivo compreender a implementação das políticas públicas voltadas à educação infantil no município de Ilhéus, no período compreendido entre 2006 e 2012. A escolha dessa temática justificou-se pelo fato de que nos últimos anos as ações encaminhadas pelo Poder Público municipal para a Educação Infantil, nessa localidade, podem apresentar diferenciações no que diz respeito à organização, estruturação e aperfeiçoamento das práticas e formulação de políticas públicas relativas ao atendimento e infraestrutura para as crianças da educação infantil. A opção pela esfera municipal se confirmou, ainda, quando se procurou estabelecer a relação entre as políticas macro e micro na configuração específica da Educação Infantil, o que implicou no acompanhamento das políticas sociais pelo poder local. A abordagem metodológica utilizada na pesquisa foi quanti-qualitativa, privilegiando na pesquisa qualitativa os procedimentos metodológicos de dois tipos de levantamentos: pesquisa de caráter bibliográfico e documental e pesquisa empírica. Empregou-se instrumentos metodológicos: levantamento bibliográfico e documental relacionados ao tema; e coleta dos dados junto às Secretarias de Educação...

Expressive arts in Education and Therapy: a Special Encounter

Santos, Graça Duarte
Fonte: Research Center on Education (CIEd)/Institute of Education University of Minho Publicador: Research Center on Education (CIEd)/Institute of Education University of Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
In this paper we sustain the importance of Expressive Arts in Education and Therapy, and highlight its relevance in the context of Special Education and/or Inclusive Education. As evidence we present two researches conducted in this field: The first study investigates the impact of a multimodal methodology of Expressive Therapies in children/adolescents with aggressive behavior (in a school context). Aggressive behavior, pro-social disposition and other emotional, cognitive and behavioral dimensions were evaluated. The second study presents an intervention through expressive arts with children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. This work was developed in a Specialized Autism unit

As muitas faces do trabalho que se realiza na educação infantil; The many faces of the work being done in early childhood education

LIMA, Lais Leni Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Educação; Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Educação; Ciências Humanas
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
This paper reveals the many faces of the work done in children education (CE) institutions . In order to do so, it starts from the assumption that it is necessary to understand the logics in which the world of work structures itself in the CE, to comprehend the unfolding of the alienated and fetishized relationships which are developed in these institutions. Therefore, I ground the discussion in the conception of work in Marx and in the principle that it is through work that man constitutes himself as such. Thus it is through work that they set relationships with other human beings and with nature, transforming the world and themselves and, in this construction, they constitute their own identity. Work, ergo, is a fundamental element of the ontological condition of human beings. From this perspective, it was necessary to understand the meaning of alienation strangeness and covering of reality and the ramifications of the fetish of work in the capitalist society. It was also my purpose to investigate the relationship between education and work in the capitalist society, a discussion based on Marx (1975, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1993); Marx and Engels (1998, 2002); Lukács (1979); Mészáros (2002, 2005), Mascarenhas (2002, 2005); Antunes (1999a...

Rethinking School Health : A Key Component of Education for All

Bundy, Donald
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
Education is one of the most important drivers of the development of individuals and societies. It not only has powerful implications for the creation of human capacity, but also helps people realize their full potential and expand their connections with the world. Economic analyses repeatedly demonstrate that education gives a high economic return within the life - span of an individual and is a key factor underlying the economic growth of nations. Viewed from these perspectives, the decision at the turn of the millennium of governments and development partners to pursue the goal of Education for All (EFA) was not only an important contribution to one sector, but the launch of an endeavor with major implications for the future of humanity. The early perception of the goal of EFA was that all children should have access to education-every child should be able to exercise the right to go to school. This limited goal soon broadened to address the quality of the education that a child received at school and the factors that ensured the child was able to stay in school long enough to learn enough. These additional objectives have expanded the goal of EFA...

Does Parental Disability Matter to Child Education? Evidence from Vietnam

Cuong, Nguyen Viet; Mont, Daniel
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
This paper examines the effect of parental disability on school enrollment and educational performance for children in the 2006 Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey. Results from instrumental-variables regressions indicate that children of parents with a disability have a lower enrollment rate in primary and secondary school of about 8 percentage points: 73 percent compared with 81 percent. However, the association of parental disability with educational performance is small and not statistically significant. The conclusion of the paper is that to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of universal primary school as well as increased coverage of secondary education, the government should have policies and programs that either directly support the education of children with disabled parents and/or have policies that support disabled adults, thus lessening the incentive for their children not to attend school.

Education and Conflict Recovery : The Case of Timor Leste

Justino, Patricia; Leone, Marinella; Salardi, Paola
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
The Timor Leste secession conflict lasted for 25 years. Its last wave of violence in 1999, following the withdrawal of Indonesian troops, generated massive displacement and destruction with widespread consequences for the economic and social development of the country. This paper analyzes the impact of the conflict on the level and access to education of boys and girls in Timor Leste. The authors examine the short-term impact of the 1999 violence on school attendance and grade deficit rates in 2001, and the longer-term impact of the conflict on primary school completion of cohorts of children observed in 2007. They compare the educational impact of the 1999 wave of violence with the impact of other periods of high-intensity violence during the 25 years of Indonesian occupation. The short-term effects of the conflict are mixed. In the longer term, the analysis finds a strong negative impact of the conflict on primary school completion among boys of school age exposed to peaks of violence during the 25-year long conflict. The effect is stronger for boys attending the last three grades of primary school. This result shows a substantial loss of human capital among young males in Timor Leste since the early 1970s...

Early Child Education : Making Programs Work for Brazil’s Most Important Generation

Evans, David K.; Kosec, Katrina
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
This report draws deeply on the extraordinary efforts and innovations demonstrated by early child development policy makers around Brazil. This report draws on background papers about innovations in early child education in Rio de Janeiro and in caregiver training and supervision in two municipalities within Sao Paulo state. The year 2011 marked the beginning of a new administration in Brazil. The Ministry of education clearly identified early child education (ECE) as one of the top priorities of the new administration, along with secondary school and improving the reputation of the teaching profession. Early child development interventions are essential to both increasing the productivity of Brazil as a whole and to providing equitable opportunities for the disadvantaged. These programs benefit the poor more than other populations, and the poor are most in need of these benefits. Education interventions are crucial. Creches and preschools provide opportunities for stimulation and development that can wire children for future success. Therefore, early child education can particularly benefit the poor, helping to close the gap in cognitive development across income groups. A World Bank study compares adults from two regions of Brazil (the Northeast and the Southeast) who attended preschool to those who did not and found that pre-school attendance is associated with additional total years of education.

Education and Civil Conflict in Nepal

Valente, Christine
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Between 1996 and 2006, Nepal experienced violent civil conflict as a consequence of a Maoist insurgency, which many argue also brought about an increase in female empowerment. This paper exploits variations in exposure to conflict by birth cohort, survey date, and district to estimate the impact of the insurgency on education outcomes. Overall conflict intensity, measured by conflict casualties, is associated with an increase in female educational attainment, whereas abductions by Maoists, which often targeted school children, have the reverse effect. Male schooling tended to increase more rapidly in areas where the fighting was more intense, but the estimates are smaller in magnitude and more sensitive to specification than estimates for females. Similar results are obtained across different specifications, and robustness checks indicate that these findings are not due to selective migration.

Expanding and Improving Early Childhood Education in Turkey

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.23%
Over the past decade, Turkey has experienced significant socioeconomic progress and demographic changes. The benefit of Early Childhood Education (ECE) programs is maximized when the interventions are targeted to children from disadvantaged families. This report examines the ECE provision in Turkey, and offers policy options for improving and expanding the ECE system in the future. The report endorses the goal of the expansion plan and provides detailed recommendations for achieving this ambition in an efficient and equitable manner. This report is divided into following four sections: section one gives introduction, section two presents an analytical framework for analyzing early childhood interventions, section three conducts an in-depth analysis of ECE in Turkey and identifies key challenges, and section four recommends and outlines proposals for a dual-program strategy for expanding quality ECE in Turkey.

The Education Resilience of Out-of-school Children in Bhutan : A Methodology and Pilot Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Accessibility and quality of education is a much-debated issue today. In Bhutan this is especially a concern for the population scattered across the extreme mountainous terrain of the country. Difficult access and spatial isolation leads to an unequal distribution of the quality services in Bhutan. It is also an issue for children in urban communities despite the easy access to schools. Poverty and disability hold children back from enrolling in and completing school. Hence, the education resilience in these vulnerable communities can differ accordingly even despite the fact that the government provides free basic education in Bhutan. We define resilience as the ability of students, education institutions, and communities to achieve positive education outcomes in spite of adversities, such as the marginalization, isolation and poverty that exist in pockets in Bhutan. This report presents the results of our pilot study. We consulted with education policy makers and implementers at the national level, and communities...

The Educational Resilience of Children in Urban Squatter Settlements of Kathmandu

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Nepal is a partner to the international commitment to achieve the goals of Education for All (EFA) and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015. Efforts have been made through the EFA National Plan of Action 2003-2015 and School Sector Reform Program (SSRP) to achieve the EFA goals and the MDGs. Over the last few years, Nepal has demonstrated progress in some of the indicators related to children s participation in school. The Department of Education (2012) has reported that the primary education Net Enrolment Rate (NER), Grade 1 Net Intake Rate (NIR), Grade 5 Survival Rate (SR), and Dropout Rate (DR), are 95.3, 91.2, 84.1, and 5.2 percent respectively. However, it will be difficult to close the bigger gaps of 4.7, 8.8, 15.9, and 5.2 percent of the NER, NIR, SR, and DR respectively by 2015. The challenge lies in the large number of school-aged children who do not attend formal primary schooling. Likewise, a significant number of students repeat grades and those promoted may have low achievement. Realizing this bleak educational scenario...

Expanding Access to Early Childhood Development : Using Interactive Audio Instruction

World Bank Group; Education Development Center
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
The returns to investments in early childhood development (ECD) are manifold and can include improved school readiness, reduced drop-out rates, higher labor force productivity and greater social cohesion. Despite these high returns, enrollment in early childhood education is just 18 percent across Africa, with disproportionately high enrollment from children in urban areas and from wealthier families. Interactive Audio Instruction (IAI) is a distance learning technology that can deliver low-cost, culturally appropriate education via radio or mobile audio technology. It is a highly effective tool to reach children who can be hard to reach through conventional programs, including the rural poor and children with disabilities. IAI can also be an effective form of service delivery in unstable and conflict-affected regions.

China Early Child Development : Early Childhood Education in Yunnan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
Yunnan is a medium-sized and relatively poor Chinese province on the southwestern border of China. In 2012, the Yunnan department of education formally requested Bank support in conducting a review of early childhood education policies and programs in order to gain an in-depth and evidence-based understanding of the challenges the province faces in expanding early childhood education-in particular to rural and mountainous regions. The Bank's China education team embarked on raising funds, designing and implementing a rather elaborate research agenda around early childhood education. The goal was to investigate key challenges, and to propose policy interventions for expanding the Early Child Development (ECD) coverage in rural Yunnan. This report presents the findings from the background studies, and draws potential policy implications for improving the access to and quality of preschool education in Yunnan province. China has now almost achieved universal 9-year basic education. Over the last decade, the country has devoted increasing attention to policy development in early childhood education. Even though China does not yet have a specific early childhood education law...

The Decision to Invest in Child Quality over Quantity : Household Size and Household Investment in Education in Vietnam

Dang, Hai-Anh; Rogers, F. Halsey
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
During Vietnam's two decades of rapid economic growth, its fertility rate has fallen sharply at the same time that its educational attainment has risen rapidly -- macro trends that are consistent with the hypothesis of a quantity-quality tradeoff in child-rearing. This paper investigates whether the micro-level evidence supports the hypothesis that Vietnamese parents are in fact making a tradeoff between quantity and quality of children. The paper presents new measures of household investment in private tutoring, together with traditional measures of household investments in education. It analyzes data from the Vietnam Household Living Standards Surveys and instruments for family size using the distance to the nearest family planning center. The estimation results show that families do indeed invest less in the education of school-age children who have larger numbers of siblings. This effect holds for several indicators of educational investment -- including general education expenditure and various measures of private tutoring investment -- and is robust to various definitions of family size and model specifications that control for community characteristics as well as the distance to the city center. Finally...

An educator's perspective of Dr. Feingold's K-P (Kaiser- Permanents) elimination diet for hyperkinetic children and others

Campbell, Joannes.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
Do evaluation of the literature and a regional observational report support Dr. Feingold's claim that the K-P (Kaiser-Permanente) elimination diet improves the behaviours of hyperkinetic children, and others? Dr. Feingold suggests that some hyperkinetic children, and other children as well, are genetically predisposed to intolerance of food additives, particularly food colours and flavours. He claims that the K-P diet, that eliminates salicylates and artificial food colours and flavours, improves the hyperkinetic child's behaviour, muscle co-ordination, and scholastic performance. Public acceptance of the K-P diet has outstripped acceptance in the medical and scientific communities. Evaluation of available data and additional studies are needed to arrive at a conclusion of acceptance or rejection of the K-P diet for hyperkinetic children and others. My interest in the K-P elimination diet for hyperkinetic children is educational. My experience as an elementary school teacher in special education and in the classroom from K-8 has taught me that attentiveness is crucial to learning. Hyperkinesis appears to impair a child's ability to attend. Learning problems appear, followed by behavioural and social problems. l If we accept the possibility of a relationship between diet and attentiveness...

Ambientes inclusivos na educação infantil: possibilidades e impedimentos; Inclusive environments in children education: possibilities and hindrances; Ambientes inclusivos en la educación infantil: posibilidades e impedimientos

SEKKEL, Marie Claire; ZANELATTO, Raquel; BRANDÃO, Suely de Barros
Fonte: Departamento de Psicologia - Universidade Estadual de Maringá Publicador: Departamento de Psicologia - Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Este artigo discute os resultados de uma pesquisa realizada em uma escola municipal de Educação Infantil - EMEI - da cidade de São Paulo, que teve como objetivo identificar os indicadores de envolvimento no trabalho com as crianças e aqueles que determinam a construção de um ambiente inclusivo. A coleta de dados foi feita por meio de observações dos três estágios da Educação Infantil e do levantamento da documentação pedagógica. O trabalho com as diferenças apresenta contradições importantes de serem pensadas, que se expressam como desigualdades no tratamento junto às crianças. A concepção de inclusão se restringe ao atendimento de crianças deficientes, enquanto as necessidades das demais crianças e dos profissionais que trabalham na escola são muitas vezes desconsideradas. O isolamento e o envolvimento com questões marginais do trabalho pedagógico são pontos centrais a serem considerados no enfrentamento das barreiras atitudinais para a construção de um ambiente inclusivo.; This article discusses the results of a research carried out at a Children Education Municipal School - EMEI - in the city of São Paulo, and aims at identifying both the indicators of involvement in the work with children, and those determining the building of an inclusive environment. The data collection was accomplished through observations during the three steps of Children Education...

Children Education: Azorean's Memories of their Childhood Playing

Condessa, Isabel
Fonte: TASET Conferences Publicador: TASET Conferences
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
International Conference on New Horizons in Education, Guarda, Portugal, June 5-7 2011.; This study aims at better understanding of people's memories, in the Autonomous Region of the Azores, concerning the importance of childhood play in their education. A few decades ago the people on these islands developed their games and toys from experiences related to some of the traditional local jobs and some aspects of life on the islands. Through the people’s memories is possible to learn more about the experiences they went through as children (future-adults) and how they acquired the educational and cultural basis of the group/society they now belong to. From an analysis of cultural resources of the childhood play of various generations (adults and elderly people) we aim to discover the educational potential of play in relation to children’s development and education. Data were collected through a questionnaire that was sent to several people from all Azores islands. Qualitative data was first content analyzed according to a system of categories, which resulted from both, quantitative and qualitative analysis of data collected through. Of all the “best remembered games and play" there is a general preference for traditional games...

Laying the Foundation for Early Childhood Education in Sri Lanka; Investing Early, Investing Smartly, and Investing for All

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
The objective of this report is to analyze the state of early childhood education (ECE1) provision and the policy framework for delivering ECE in Sri Lanka, and suggest policy options for the future. The report is intended to serve several purposes. First, drawing upon the international literature in the field of early childhood development, it provides the rationale for investing in early childhood education in Sri Lanka. Second, it provides an understanding of the current policy framework and delivery system for ECE in the country. This policy analysis specifically looks at the extent to which there is an enabling environment for ECE, what provisions exist for monitoring and quality assurance, and how widely the policy is being implemented. Third, it presents a situation analysis of ECE provision in Sri Lanka, discussing the issues of access, equity, and quality in the delivery of ECE services. The discussion on equity focuses mainly on understanding disparities in access, and the analysis of quality looks at the quality of inputs...

Reflections about the presence of Physical Education in first stage of basic education; Reflexiones sobre la presencia de Educación Física en la primera etapa de educación básica; Reflexões sobre a presença da Educação Física na primeira etapa da educação básica

Silveira, Juliano; Labomídia/UFSC
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/09/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
This essay aims to reflect about some aspects related to the inclusion, legitimacy and teaching practice of physical education in the Children education. Discussions are developed considering elements that contribute to the process of reflection about the area and the collaboration possibilities for the qualification of pedagogical practices in children education. To this end, it presents some elements that could justify the relevance of the interventions with the training and the expertise of Physical Education. Also presents some specific methodological theoretical subsidies about the intervention of Physical Education in children education.; Este ensayo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre algunos aspectos relacionados con la inclusión, la legitimidad y la enseñanza de la educación física en el ámbito de la educación de cero a cinco años. Los debates se desarrollan teniendo en cuenta elementos que contribuyen al proceso de reflexión sobre las posibilidades de colaboración de la educación física para la calificación de las prácticas pedagógicas en la educación de los niños. Con este fin, se presentan algunos elementos que podrían justificar la pertinencia de las intervenciones con la formación y la experiencia de la Educación Física. También presenta algunos subsidios teóricos metodológicos específicos sobre la intervención de la Educación Física en la educación de la infancia.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8042.2015v27n45p13O presente ensaio tem como objetivo refletir sobre alguns aspectos referentes à inserção...