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A documentação pedagógica e o trabalho com bebês: estudo de caso em uma creche universitária; The pedagogical documentation and the work with babies: case study in a university childcare center

Cardoso, Juliana Guerreiro Lichy
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/06/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.14%
A relação entre a produção dos registros na educação infantil e o quanto eles se configuram como documentações pedagógicas proporcionando a prática reflexiva e o olhar para os bebês foi o que buscou compreender esta pesquisa. Partindo da concepção de documentação pedagógica defendida pelas pedagogias do norte da Itália e da Associação Criança em Portugal, entende-se que ela é valioso instrumento para professores, crianças e comunidade educativa que, ao partilhar os processos vivenciados do cotidiano das ações pedagógicas, contribui para a postura reflexiva dos professores e a visibilidade das crianças. A investigação de caráter qualitativo configurou-se como um estudo de caso envolvendo três professoras de um agrupamento de berçário de uma creche universitária da cidade de São Paulo. Os dados envolvem essencialmente os registros de caráter pedagógico dessas professoras e o acompanhamento de suas práticas com os bebês. Na busca da compreensão de como os bebês estão evidenciados na prática reflexiva do professor que é instrumentalizada por meio dos registros e da documentação pedagógica buscou-se responder essencialmente a três questões: 1) Como os registros periódicos evidenciam o olhar para os bebês?; 2) Como os registros podem se transformar em documentações pedagógicas com vistas ao planejamento e à avaliação das práticas?; 3) Como as documentações pedagógicas estão a serviço da prática reflexiva do professor? Os dados confirmam uma prática qualificada com bebês...

Beliefs of Mothers, Nannies, Grandmothers and Daycare Providers Concerning Childcare

Seidl-de-Moura,Maria Lucia; Pessôa,Luciana Fontes; Ramos,Dandara de Oliveira; Mendes,Deise Maria Leal Fernandes; Fioravanti-Bastos,Ana Carolina Monnerat; Dias,Luciana Brooking Teresa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.3%
With the greater inclusion of women in the job market, the division of childcare has become increasingly more common. This paper’s aim was to analyze potential differences among distinct profiles of caregivers regarding the valuation of Keller’s parenting systems. A total of 120 caregivers (mothers, grandmothers, nannies and daycare educators) of children younger than one year of age participated in a semi-structured interview. Significant differences were found among the caregivers in regard to the importance they assigned to the different systems: face-to-face, body stimulation and basic care. Education also significantly influenced the valorization of face-to-face and basic care systems. The conclusion is that the caregivers presented a mixed parental style, both distal, enabling the experience of autonomy and separation, and proximal, valuing greater interpersonal relationships. This study sought to contribute to understanding the trajectories used to the development of self when different actors are involved in childcare.

The relationship of maternal work characteristics to childcare type and quality in rural communities

De Marco, Allison; Crouter, Ann C.; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne;
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.49%
Drawing on data from the Family Life Project collected in North Carolina and Pennsylvania, this paper examines the relationship between maternal work characteristics and childcare type and quality in rural communities. Research is limited on the childcare experiences of rural families. Rural areas have less access to formal childcare and families often commute long distances for work, restricting childcare options. Employed mothers using childcare were selected (n = 441). Logistic and OLS regression was used to examine which characteristics, including workplace support, objective occupational measures, hours, wage, and shift, predicted care type and quality. Results indicated that most families were using informal care. Those with more hazardous work conditions and working night shifts were less likely to use centers. Higher quality care was related to more workplace support, center use, and higher wages. Implications for social policy and practice are discussed.

Dietary Intake by Dutch 1- to 3-Year-Old Children at Childcare and at Home

Gubbels, Jessica S.; Raaijmakers, Lieke G. M.; Gerards, Sanne M. P. L.; Kremers, Stef P. J.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.67%
The goal of the current study was to assess dietary intake in a large sample (N = 1016) of Dutch toddlers (1–3 years old), both at childcare and at home. Dietary intake during two weekdays was recorded using an observation format applied by childcare staff for intake at childcare, and partially pre-coded dietary journals filled out by parents for intake at home. Children’s intake of energy, macronutrients and energy balance-related food groups (fruit, vegetables, sweet snacks, savoury snacks) were compared with Dutch dietary guidelines. In addition, differences between the dietary intake by various subgroups (based on gender, age, childcare attendance, socio-economic status of childcare centre) were explored using multilevel regression analyses, adjusting for nesting of children within centres. Energy intake was high relative to dietary guidelines, and children consumed more or less equal amounts of energy at home and at childcare. Dietary fibre, fruit and vegetable and snack intakes were low. Intake at childcare mainly consisted of carbohydrates, while intake at home contained more proteins and fat. The findings imply various opportunities for childcare centres to improve children’s dietary intake, such as providing fruit and vegetables at snacking moments. In addition...

The Influence of Centre-Based Childcare on Preschoolers’ Physical Activity Levels: A Cross-Sectional Study

Vanderloo, Leigh M.; Tucker, Patricia; Johnson, Andrew M.; van Zandvoort, Melissa M.; Burke, Shauna M.; Irwin, Jennifer D.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
The childcare environment represents an appropriate avenue to support physical activity among preschoolers. The aim of this study was two-fold: (1) to measure the physical activity levels of a sample of preschoolers during childcare hours; and (2) to assess which attributes (e.g., space, equipment, policies) within centre-based childcare environments influenced physical activity. Thirty-one preschoolers from 5 childcare centres across London, Canada participated. Actical accelerometers were worn by participants for one day during childcare hours to assess activity levels using a 15 second epoch length. The Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation instrument was used to conduct a full-day evaluation of the childcare environment. On average, participants engaged in 1.54 min/h of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and 17.42 min/h of total physical activity. Sedentary opportunities, portable and fixed play equipment, and staff behaviour accounted for 49.3% of the variability in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and 14.1% of the variability in total physical activity, with sedentary opportunities, fixed play equipment, and staff behaviours displaying an inverse relationship. Results emphasize the critical role the childcare environment plays in supporting physical activity among preschoolers.

Attachment to inanimate objects and early childcare: A twin study

Fortuna, Keren; Baor, Liora; Israel, Salomon; Abadi, Adi; Knafo, Ariel
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/05/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.55%
Extensive non-maternal childcare plays an important role in children’s development. This study examined a potential coping mechanism for dealing with daily separation from caregivers involved in childcare experience – children’s development of attachments toward inanimate objects. We employed the twin design to estimate relative environmental and genetic contributions to the presence of object attachment, and assess whether childcare explains some of the environmental variation in this developmental phenomenon. Mothers reported about 1122 3-year-old twin pairs. Variation in object attachment was accounted for by heritability (48%) and shared environment (48%), with childcare quantity accounting for 2.2% of the shared environment effect. Children who spent half-days in childcare were significantly less likely to attach to objects relative to children who attended full-day childcare.

Use of Food Practices by Childcare Staff and the Association with Dietary Intake of Children at Childcare

Gubbels, Jessica S.; Gerards, Sanne M.P.L.; Kremers, Stef P.J.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.72%
The study explored the associations between various childcare staff food practices and children’s dietary intake at childcare. A total of 398 one- to four-year-old children and 24 childcare staff members from 24 Dutch childcare centers participated in the study. Children’s dietary intake (fruit, vegetable, sweet snack, savory snack, water, and sweet drink intake) at childcare was registered on two weekdays, using observations by dieticians and childcare staff. Thirteen childcare staff practices were assessed using questionnaires administered by dieticians. Data were analyzed using multilevel regression analyses. Children consumed relatively much fruit and many sweet snacks at childcare, and they mainly drank sweet drinks. Various staff practices were associated with children’s dietary intake. When staff explained what they were doing to the children during food preparation, children ate significantly more fruit. Children ate less sweet snacks when they were allowed to help prepare the meals. When staff encouraged children to continue eating, they ate more vegetables. In conclusion, the study showed the importance of childcare staff food practices for children’s food intake at childcare. More research is needed to examine the specific conditions under which food practices can have a positive impact on children’s dietary intake.

Différents parcours de fréquentation des milieux de garde peuvent-ils modérer le lien prédictif entre les caractéristiques socio-familiales et le niveau de préparation scolaire des enfants?

Comeau, Stéphanie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
Le niveau de préparation scolaire des enfants est un prédicteur important de la réussite scolaire ultérieure. Les études ont montré que la fréquentation d’un milieu de garde extra-familial avant l’entrée en maternelle influence le niveau de préparation scolaire des enfants. L’objectif de cette étude est d’examiner quels parcours de garde sont associés à une meilleure préparation scolaire autant sur le plan cognitif que socio-émotionnel. Le second objectif est d’examiner si les différents parcours de garde contribuent différemment à la préparation scolaire selon les caractéristiques socio-familiales de l’enfant. Cinq cent soixante-douze enfants ont été recrutés à partir du registre des naissances du Québec et ont été suivis de l’âge de 5 mois jusqu’à leur entrée en maternelle. Trois parcours de garde ont été considérés: la garde continue en milieu familial (F-F), la garde en milieu familial durant la petite enfance suivie de la garde en installation durant l’âge préscolaire (F-I) et la garde continue en installation (I-I). Le niveau de préparation scolaire des enfants ayant suivi un de ces parcours de garde a été comparé à celui des enfants n’ayant jamais fréquenté de façon régulière un service de garde. La dimension cognitive de la préparation scolaire a été évaluée à l’aide du test du Lollipop et la dimension socio-émotionnelle à l’aide du Questionnaire des comportements sociaux. Les résultats indiquent qu’un parcours de garde favorise la dimension cognitive de la préparation scolaire de tous les enfants...

The New Discrimination and Childcare

Apps, Patricia
Fonte: Centre for Economic Policy Research, RSSS, ANU Publicador: Centre for Economic Policy Research, RSSS, ANU
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.3%
The “new discrimination” refers to the use of government policy to increase the effective gender wage gap, measured in terms of the second earner’s net of tax income gain from working in the market place rather than at home. This paper presents an analysis of the tax treatment of family members and shows how the expansion of policy instruments, such as family tax benefits withdrawn on joint income and the low income tax offset, has raised average and marginal rates on the income of the second earner, typically the female partner. The study concludes that this new discrimination, together with limited access to affordable, high quality childcare, has severely limited the growth of female labour supply needed to fund family support, and is ultimately unsustainable in an ageing population.; Paper presented at the ASSA Workshop - Childcare: a Better Policy Framework for Australia, University of Sydney, 13-14 July 2006.; no

Who Cares ? Changing Patterns of Childcare in Central and Eastern Europe

SZELEWA, Dorota; POLAKOWSKI, Michal P.
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.64%
This article compares childcare provisions in the new member countries of the EU. It takes into account two pillars of childcare policy: publicly provided childcare services and parental leave provisions. In the analysis, the fuzzy set ideal types approach is utilized. In contrast to the studies conducted so far, this article stops treating the region of Cental and Eastern Europe as a monolith and demonstrates the existence of cross-country variation of childcare policies within the region. Furthermore, the difference is systematized by identifying four clusters of childcare policy. These are: explicit familialism, implicit familialism, female mobilizing and comprehensive support types. The countries are clustered as follows: the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia in the explicit familism policy model; Estonia and Latvia in the female mobilizing type policy; Lithuania and Hungary pursuing the childcare policies typical of the comprehensive support model; and finally the childcare policy in Poland resembles characteristics of the implicit familism model.

Social inequalities in childcare quality and their effects on children's development at school entry: findings from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children

Gialamas, A.; Mittinty, M.N.; Sawyer, M.G.; Zubrick, S.R.; Lynch, J.
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.6%
BACKGROUND: Higher quality childcare in the years before school may help narrow developmental gaps between the richest and poorest children in our societies, but specific evidence is limited and inconsistent. We address this issue by examining whether higher quality childcare is associated with better developmental outcomes at school entry for children from lower than higher income families. METHODS: The sample from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children included children attending childcare from 2 to 3 years (n=980-1187, depending on outcome). Childcare quality was measured using carers assessment of their relationship with the child. Children's receptive vocabulary was directly assessed in the child's home, and behavioural difficulties were measured by teachers and parents at 4-5 years. We assessed additive and multiplicative income-related effect measure modification of the quality of carer-child relationship on developmental outcomes. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounding, there was some evidence of effect measure modification on the additive and multiplicative scales of childcare quality by income. Children experiencing higher quality relationships and lower income had almost the same risk of poorer receptive vocabulary as children in higher quality relationships and higher incomes (relative excess risk due to interaction=0.18; 95% CI -0.20 to 0.52)...

Time spent in different types of childcare and children's development at school entry: an Australian longitudinal study

Gialamas, A.; Mittinty, M.N.; Sawyer, M.G.; Zubrick, S.R.; Lynch, J.
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.55%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the total amount of time in childcare through the first 3 years of life was associated with children's receptive vocabulary, externalising and internalising problem behaviours at age 4-5 years, and whether this association varied for different types of childcare. METHODS: We used data from the prospective, population-based Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n=3208-4066, depending on outcome). Parental reports of the time spent in different types of childcare were collected at face-to-face interviews at age 0-1years and at age 2-3 years. Children's receptive vocabulary was directly assessed in the child's home, and externalising and internalising behaviours were measured by questionnaire, completed by parents and teachers at age 4-5 years. RESULTS: At 3 years of age, 75% of the sample spent regular time in the care of someone other than the parent. After adjustment, more time in childcare was not associated with children's receptive vocabulary ability but was associated with higher levels of parent-reported (β=0.10 (95% CI 0.00 to 0.21)) and teacher-reported (β=0.31 (0.19 to 0.44)) externalising problem behaviours and lower levels of parent-reported internalising problem behaviours (β=-0.08 (-0.15 to -0.00)). Compared with children who did not attend any type of childcare...

Who cares?: ‘Working mothers’, childminders and childcare

O'Hagan, Clare
Fonte: Manchester University Press Publicador: Manchester University Press
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.55%
peer-reviewed; Childcare is central to women’s ability to participate in paid work. Drawing on empirical research conducted with middle class ‘working mothers’1 in an Irish suburb2, this article examines these women’s childcare arrangements and their relationships with the women who mind their children in the context of the State’s childcare policy and provisions. The failure of the State to regulate small scale childminders maintains childcare as a predominantly private affair, which can result in childcare being precarious for childminders, ‘working mothers’ and children.

Who cares? The economics of childcare in Ireland

O'Hagan, Clare
Fonte: Journal of Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement Publicador: Journal of Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.67%
peer-reviewed; Childcare is central to women’s ability to participate in paid work. This article explores the increasing demand for childcare and women’s ability to source and retain childcare in the context of the Irish State’s neo-liberal approach to childcare provision. This article demonstrates that there are two childcare economies in Ireland—the public government supported and regulated crèche care and the informal, unregulated arrangements of private childminders. Drawing on empirical research,1 this paper examines the treatment of childcare workers by the State, “working mothers”2 and households and exposes the low economic and social value placed on childcare and childcare workers in Irish society.

The household revolution: childcare, housework, and female labor force participation

CARDIA, Emanuela; GOMME, Paul
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
Over the twentieth century, the allocation of womens' time changed dramatically. This paper explores the implications for the allocation of married womens' time stemming from: (1) the household revolution associated with the introduction of a variety of labor-saving devices in the home; (2) the remarkable increase in the relative wage of women; and (3) changes in childcare requirements associated with changes in fertility patterns. To do so, we construct a life-cycle model with home production and childcare constraints. The parameters of the childcare production function are estimated using micro evidence from U.S. time use data. We find that the increase in the relative wage of women is the most important explanation of the increase in married womens' market work time over the twentieth century. Changes in fertility had large effects up to 1980, but little effect thereafter. The declining price of durables has an appreciable effect only since 1980, an effect that is consistent with a broader interpretation of durable goods reflecting the marketization of home production.

A trajetória de um dispensário de puericultura em Campinas nas décadas de 1930 e 1940; The path of a childcare dispensary in Campinas in the 1930's and 1940's

Lúcia Pedroso da Cruz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.3%
A pesquisa investiga aspectos históricos de um Dispensário de Puericultura que esteve em atividade desde outubro de 1933, até o final dos anos de 1959, no município de Campinas, São Paulo. Para este estudo, delimitou-se um recorte temporal abrangendo as décadas de 1930 e de 1940. Criada durante o Governo de Getúlio Vargas, a instituição funcionava em salas do então Instituto Profissional Bento Quirino, o qual oferecia à população carente diversos cursos profissionalizantes. O acompanhamento do crescimento das crianças matriculadas na referida instituição, prescrições para as mães de comportamentos e atitudes quanto a alimentação e higiene pessoal dos filhos e da família, promoção de concursos de robustez infantil, entre outras medidas, fazia parte da propagação da chamada "consciência sanitária", de acordo com as políticas higienistas da época. As escolas de ensino profissional, planejadas para atender a população pobre que precisava ser moralizada pelo trabalho, eram, portanto, um ambiente bastante propício para que se implantassem os eixos do Governo Vargas: raça fortalecida; povo forte; povo produtivo. Produzir uma versão da história do Dispensário de Puericultura da Escola Profissional Bento Quirino...

Features of the UK childcare environment and associations with preschoolers? in-care physical activity

Hesketh, Kathryn R.; Sluijs, Esther M. F. van
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.49%
This is the author accepted manuscript. It is currently under an indefinite embargo pending publication by Elsevier.; Features of the childcare environment may influence children?s in-care physical activity (PA). We assessed the association between UK preschool care-provider, environmental and policy factors and 3-4-year-olds? average daily in-care sedentary behaviour (SED) and PA. In 2013, we used accelerometers to measure the in-care SED/ PA of 201 3-4-year-old children (51% female) in 30 preschools in Cambridgeshire, UK, (average wear time: (mean?SD) 4.2?1.3 week-days). We assessed the childcare environment using the Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation tool; demographic and carer information was taken from questionnaires. We used three-level mixed-effects regression analyses (adjusted for sex, in-care time and travel mode to care) to determine the association between childcare factors and children?s in-care average daily minutes/hour spent SED, in light PA (LPA) and in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). Children spent 5.6?2.5 hours in care per day on average; clustering of PA within preschools was limited (ICCs: 0.003-0.05). Fully adjusted models showed that active opportunities were positively associated with children?s in-care SED. No associations with in-care LPA and MVPA were observed. Few care-provider...

Puericultura e a atenção à saúde da criança: aspectos históricos e desafios; Childcare and children's healthcare: historical factors and challenges

Santos, Renata Cavalcante Kuhn dos; Resegue, Rosa; Puccini, Rosana Fiorini
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
O artigo faz uma revisão sobre a história da puericultura e da atenção à saúde da criança no Brasil, estabelecendo relações dessa história com a concepção de infância em diferentes momentos e contextos sócio-culturais, bem como com a organização do sistema de saúde no país. Destacam-se características do processo de formação do povo brasileiro, o papel do Estado na saúde, a criação do Sistema Único de Saúde e o Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente como fatores determinantes de uma atenção à saúde que considera a criança e sua família como sujeitos de direito. Essas importantes conquistas de nossa sociedade tem impulsionado mudanças na prática clínica e na puericultura, em especial. A puericultura, hoje, deixa de cumprir um papel controlador do Estado sobre as famílias e normalizador das condutas das pessoas, firmando-se com caráter científico, desenvolvida por uma equipe multiprofissional, em parceria com as famílias e comunidades.; This paper reviews the history of puericulture and attention to children's health in Brazil and establishes relationships between this history and the concept of childhood at different times and within different sociocultural contexts, and between this history and the way in which the Brazilian healthcare system has been organized. The characteristics of the Brazilian educational process...

Childcare Choices and Early Cognitive Development

Slanchev, Vladislav Valeriev
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.67%

This study uses the data from the National Institute for Children Health and Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to evaluate features of wage and childcare price changes that are associated with positive effects on children's early cognitive skills. Identifying beneficial characteristics of changes in market variables is especially relevant in a policy environment where the main priority of tax incentives related to the use of childcare is not facilitating the formation of children's cognitive skills, but reducing reliance on the welfare system through increase in employment among poor households.

We estimate jointly the discrete household choices related to the employment status of the mother and the use of a paid care mode, the demand functions for quantity and quality of childcare, the production function for cognitive outcomes, the wage process for the mother, and childcare price equations based on the hedonic pricing method, while at the same time introducing unobserved heterogeneity in the disturbance terms of the estimated outcomes. Our strategy for handling selection problems also utilizes the exogenous variation in childcare prices across the 10 geographical markets defined by the study sites in the NICHD SECCYD dataset...

Why are childcare workers low paid? an analysis of pay in the UK childcare sector, 1994-2008

Gambaro, Ludovica
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.8%
The thesis examines pay among British childcare workers from 1994 to 2008. It uses childcare as an example of female care occupations and selects the UK as a case study because in recent years childcare services have expanded substantially. As childcare provision has become increasingly formal, the issue of the rewards attached to this type of work has become more pressing. The thesis asks why childcare workers in the UK have traditionally received low pay and to what extent they continue to do so. It explores the changes in childcare policy that have taken place since the mid-1990s in order to understand whether Government’s increased commitment to childcare services has resulted in an improvement in workers’ pay. The thesis develops a multi-layered analysis. First, based on a review of policy documents and secondary sources, the thesis examines British childcare policy and identifies the challenges to higher pay in the sector. Second, the thesis investigates changes in the characteristics and pay of the childcare workforce between 1994 and 2008 by using data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and from the Early Years and Childcare Providers survey. Finally, cultural assumptions about caring motivations and pay are explored on the basis of data from the LFS as well as findings from interviews with childcare workers. The thesis makes three main contributions. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods and a variety of information sources...