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Associação entre depressão materna e diferenças de gênero no comportamento de crianças: uma revisão sistemática; Association between maternal depression and gender differences in child behavior: a systematic review

LOOSLI, Lívia; LOUREIRO, Sonia Regina
Fonte: Sociedade de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Sociedade de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
A depressão materna tem sido considerada uma condição de adversidade ao desenvolvimento infantil, sendo associada a problemas comportamentais, com manifestações diversas para meninos e meninas. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar e analisar, na literatura indexada, artigos que abordem a associação entre depressão materna e diferenças de gênero relativas ao comportamento de crianças. Procedeu-se a uma busca nas bases de dados MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, LILACS, SciELO e Index Psi, por meio das palavras-chave maternal depression and gender e maternal depression and child sex, considerando-se a produção dos últimos 5 anos (2004 a 2009). Foram identificados e analisados sistematicamente 21 artigos empíricos. Observou-se a predominância de delineamentos longitudinais prospectivos, com amostras de comunidade, sem confirmação diagnóstica para a depressão materna, analisada conjuntamente com outras variáveis contextuais. As coletas de dados foram realizadas com instrumentos e informantes diversos. Os estudos longitudinais e transversais confirmaram o impacto negativo da depressão materna sobre as variáveis das crianças, apontando a presença de diferenças entre os gêneros, caracterizadas da seguinte forma: na idade escolar...

"Perfil comportamental e competência social de crianças e adolescentes filhos de mulheres com esquizofrenia" ; Behavior profile and social competence of children and adolescentes of schizophrenic mothers

Gutt, Elisa Kijner
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/12/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil comportamental e a competência social de crianças e adolescentes, filhos de mulheres com esquizofrenia, e compará-los com crianças da mesma faixa etária e sexo, filhos de mulheres sem transtorno mental grave. Para a avaliação das crianças e adolescentes foram utilizados o Inventário de Comportamentos para Infância e Adolescência (Child Behavior Checklist- CBCL) e o Inventário de Comportamentos Auto-Referidos para Adolescentes (Youth Self Report- YSR). Os filhos de mulheres com esquizofrenia apresentaram maior proporção de problemas de internalização e de problemas com o pensamento, principalmente para as crianças que moravam com a mãe com esquizofrenia, quando comparados a crianças e adolescentes do grupo comparativo com mães sem transtornos mentais ; The objective of this study was to evaluate the behavior profile and social competence of children and adolescents of schizophrenic mothers, and compare it with children of the same age and gender of mothers without any severe mental disorder. To evaluate children and adolescents the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self Report (YSR) were used. The children of schizophrenic mothers had a higher proportion of internalizing problems and of thought problems...

Objetivos analítico-comportamentais e estratégias de intervenção nas interações com a criança em sessões de duas renomadas terapeutas infantis; Behavior-analytic objectives and intervention strategies on interactions with child in sessions of two renowned child therapists

Del Prette, Giovana
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/02/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Pesquisas de processo em psicoterapia utilizam categorização de sessões como uma maneira de compreender as relações terapeuta-cliente no contexto clínico, sistematizando a descrição da prática terapêutica e identificando variáveis críticas do processo e o impacto sobre sua efetividade. A presente pesquisa buscou relacionar resultados de categorização (molar) de objetivos analítico-comportamentais, estratégias (molares) para atendimento da criança e comportamentos de terapeuta e cliente (molecular), para análise da interação em sessões de atendimento analítico-comportamental. Participaram duas renomadas terapeutas infantis. Foram realizadas filmagens de oito sessões da díade Alice-Alex, seis da díade Bertha-Bia e de entrevistas com as terapeutas doutoras em análise do comportamento com mais de 30 anos de experiência clínica infantil. As sessões foram categorizadas segundo quatro sistemas, os dois primeiros elaborados na presente pesquisa: (1) Sistema de Categorização de Objetivos Terapêuticos (SICOT), (2) Sistema de Estratégias de Conversas e Atividade Terapêuticas (SECAT), (3) Functional Analytic Psychotherapy Rating Scale (FAPRS) e (4) Categorias do terapeuta e do cliente (SMCCIT), além da categorização do foco da fala (dentro ou fora da sessão). Foram obtidos índices Kappa satisfatórios de concordância entre observadores (K>0...

Trajetória dos maus-tratos infantis: um estudo na perspectiva da psicopatologia do desenvolvimento; Trajectory of child abuse: a study on Development Psychopathology perspective

Bergamo, Lilian Paula Degobbi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/12/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Bérgamo, L. P. D. (2011). Trajetória dos maus-tratos infantis: um estudo na perspectiva da Psicopatologia do Desenvolvimento. Tese de Doutorado, Departamento de Psicologia e Educação, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto - SP. Esta pesquisa teve por objeto de estudo o fenômeno dos maus-tratos contra crianças, norteando-se pela hipótese da existência de uma trajetória dessa problemática, caracterizada por sua continuidade no tempo, baseando-se numa articulação entre fase desenvolvimental - tipo de maltrato - tipo de consequência para a criança. Adotou-se como referencial a Psicopatologia Desenvolvimental, onde fenômeno ocorreria por problemas no sistema cuidador(es)-criançaambiente, associados a fatores de risco nos contextos "desenvolvimental" (características do cuidador e da criança), "interacional" (características da relação cuidador-criança e na família) e o "mais amplo" (características do entorno e percepção do apoio social). O objetivo geral foi verificar a existência de uma trajetória dos maus-tratos, buscando compreender sua constituição e manutenção no tempo. Especificamente, objetivou-se conhecer como os maustratos se manifestam em diferentes fases do desenvolvimento infantil e identificar as variáveis associadas...

The Relation Between Maternal ADHD Symptoms & Improvement in Child Behavior Following Brief Behavioral Parent Training is Mediated by Change in Negative Parenting

Chronis-Tuscano, Andrea; O’Brien, Kelly A.; Johnston, Charlotte; Jones, Heather A.; Clarke, Tana L.; Raggi, Veronica L.; Rooney, Mary E.; Diaz, Yamalis; Pian, Jessica; Seymour, Karen E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
This study examined the extent to which maternal attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms predict improvement in child behavior following brief behavioral parent training. Change in parenting was examined as a potential mediator of the negative relationship between maternal ADHD symptoms and improvement in child behavior. Seventy mothers of 6–10 year old children with ADHD underwent a comprehensive assessment of adult ADHD prior to participating in an abbreviated parent training program. Before and after treatment, parenting was assessed via maternal reports and observations and child disruptive behavior was measured via maternal report. Controlling for pre-treatment levels, maternal ADHD symptomatology predicted post-treatment child disruptive behavior problems. The relation between maternal ADHD symptomatology and improvement in child behavior was mediated by change in observed maternal negative parenting. This study replicated findings linking maternal ADHD symptoms with attenuated child improvement following parent training, and is the first to demonstrate that negative parenting at least partially explains this relationship. Innovative approaches combining evidence-based treatment for adult ADHD with parent training may therefore be necessary for families in which both the mother and child have ADHD. Larger-scale studies using a full evidence-based parent training program are needed to replicate these findings.

Positive parenting for positive parents: HIV/AIDS, poverty, caregiver depression, child behavior and parenting in South Africa

Lachman, J.; Cluver, L.; Boyes, M.; Kuo, C.; Casale, M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
Families affected by HIV/AIDS in the developing world experience higher risks of psychosocial problems than non-affected families. Positive parenting behavior may buffer against the negative impact of child AIDS-orphanhood and caregiver AIDS-sickness on child wellbeing. Although there is substantial literature regarding the predictors of parenting behavior in Western populations, there is insufficient evidence on HIV/AIDS as a risk factor for poor parenting in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the relationship between HIV/AIDS and positive parenting by comparing HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected caregiver-child dyads (n = 2,477) from a cross-sectional survey in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (27.7% AIDS-ill caregivers; 7.4% child AIDS-orphanhood). Multiple mediation analyses tested an ecological model with poverty, caregiver depression, perceived social support, and child behavior problems as potential mediators of the association of HIV/AIDS with positive parenting. Results indicate that familial HIV/AIDS’s association to reduced positive parenting was consistent with mediation by poverty, caregiver depression and child behavior problems. Parenting interventions that situate positive parenting within a wider ecological framework by improving child behavior problems and caregiver depression may buffer against risks for poor child mental and physical health outcomes in families affected by HIV/AIDS and poverty.

Concurrent Validity of the Child Behavior Checklist DSM-Oriented Scales: Correspondence with DSM Diagnoses and Comparison to Syndrome Scales

Ebesutani, Chad; Nakamura, Brad J.; Chorpita, Bruce F.; Higa-McMillan, Charmaine K.; Bernstein, Adam; Weisz, John R; The Research Network on Youth Mental Health
Fonte: Springer Verlag Publicador: Springer Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
This study used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) methodology and discriminative analyses to examine the correspondence of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) rationally-derived DSM-oriented scales and empirically-derived syndrome scales with clinical diagnoses in a clinic-referred sample of children and adolescents (N = 476). Although results demonstrated that the CBCL Anxiety, Affective, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity, Oppositional and Conduct Problems DSM-oriented scales corresponded significantly with related clinical diagnoses derived from parent-based structured interviews, these DSM-oriented scales did not evidence significantly greater correspondence with clinical diagnoses than the syndrome scales in all cases but one. The DSM-oriented Anxiety Problems scale was the only scale that evidenced significantly greater correspondence with diagnoses above its syndrome scale counterpart —the Anxious/Depressed scale. The recently developed and rationally-derived DSM-oriented scales thus generally do not add incremental clinical utility above that already afforded by the syndrome scales with respect to corresponding with diagnoses. Implications of these findings are discussed.; Psychology

Comportamento infantil durante consultas odontol??gicas sequenciais : influ??ncia de caracter??sticas cl??nicas, psicossociais e maternas; Children behavior during sequential dental visits: influence of clinical, psychosocial and maternal characteristics

CADEMARTORI, Mariana Gonzalez
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
One of the most challenging aspects faced by pediatric dentists is behavior management. Child behavior in the dental setting is a multifactorial phenomenon and studies have suggested that some factors may predict children s behavior in dental settings. Thus, this dissertation aimed to assess the behavior of children during sequential dental visits according to the treatment the child received, as well as to investigate the factors that can influence the behavior of children during dental treatment. A convenience sample of children aged from 7-to-13 years old attending a Pediatric Dentistry Clinic was accompanied during 4 sequential visits. Behavior was classified according to Frankl s scale. Mothers and children were interviewed previously to the 1st visit to collect information on demographic, socioeconomic and psychosocial characteristics. The complexity of treatment in each visit was classified as minimally invasive, invasive or very invasive. Behavior trajectory following the visits was assessed. To test the association of the independent variables and behavior Chi-squared and Fisher s exact tests were used. To determine the effect of the variables on the outcome behavior, crude and adjusted Poisson regression analyses were used (Relative Risk; 95% Confidence Interval). The level of significance was set at 5%. A total of 111 mother-child dyads were included. The behavior at the first visit was 100% positive for all children. In the trajectory of behavior during the sequential visits...

Subfactors of DSM-IV conduct disorder: Evidence and connections with syndromes from the child behavior checklist

Tackett, J.; Krueger, R.; Sawyer, M.; Graetz, B.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic/plenum Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic/plenum Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
Is conduct disorder (CD) as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) a unitary entity, or do variants of CD exist? We addressed this question, using data collected from the parents of 1,669 Australian boys, aged 6–17. Parents were interviewed to assess DSM-IV Conduct Disorder (DSM-IV CD) criteria. Results revealed 2 subfactors of DSM-IV CD symptoms, made up of overt behaviors (e.g., initiating physical fights) and covert behaviors (e.g., stealing without confrontation). Ordinary least squares regressions showed the 2 CD subfactors to be significantly and uniquely predicted by Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL; T. M. Achenbach, 1991a, 1991b) syndromes labeled Aggressive Behavior and Delinquent Behavior, respectively. The results are discussed in terms of the utility of differentiating these 2 variants of CD in future editions of the DSM.; Jennifer L. Tackett, Robert F. Krueger, Michael G. Sawyer and Brian W. Graetz; The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com

Umbilical cord blood testosterone and childhood internalizing and externalizing behavior: a prospective study

Robinson, M.; Whitehouse, A.; Jacoby, P.; Mattes, E.; Sawyer, M.; Keelan, J.; Hickey, M.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Antenatal testosterone exposure influences fetal neurodevelopment and gender-role behavior in postnatal life and may contribute to differences in developmental psychopathology during childhood. We prospectively measured the associations between umbilical cord blood testosterone levels at birth and childhood behavioral development in both males and females from a large population based sample. The study comprised 430 females and 429 males from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study where umbilical cord blood had been collected. Total testosterone concentrations were determined by mass spectrometry and bioavailable testosterone (BioT) levels were calculated. At two, five, eight and ten years of age, the participants completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Linear regression models were used to analyse the relationship between BioT concentrations (in quartiles) and CBCL scores (total, internalizing, externalizing and selected syndrome). Boys had higher mean CBCL T-scores than girls across all ages of follow-up. There was no significant relationship between cord blood BioT quartiles and CBCL total, internalizing and externalizing T-scores at age two or five to ten combined. In the syndrome score analyses, higher BioT quartiles were associated with significantly lower scores for attention problems for boys at age five...

Testing the 8-syndrome structure of the child behavior checklist in 30 societies

Ivanova, M.; Achenbach, T.; Dumenci, L.; Rescorla, L.; Almqvist, F.; Weintraub, S.; Bilenberg, N.; Bird, H.; Chen, W.; Dobrean, A.; Dopfner, M.; Erol, N.; Fombonne, E.; Fonseca, A.; Frigerio, A.; Grietens, H.; Hannesdottir, H.; Kanbayashi, Y.; Lambert, M.
Fonte: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc Publicador: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
There is a growing need for multicultural collaboration in child mental health services, training, and research. To facilitate such collaboration, this study tested the 8-syndrome structure of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) in 30 societies. Parents' CBCL ratings of 58,051 6- to 18-year-olds were subjected to confirmatory factor analyses, which were conducted separately for each society. Societies represented Asia; Africa; Australia; the Caribbean; Eastern, Western, Southern, and Northern Europe; the Middle East; and North America. Fit indices strongly supported the correlated 8-syndrome structure in each of 30 societies. The results support use of the syndromes in diverse societies.; Masha Y. Ivanova; Thomas M. Achenbach; Levent Dumenci; Leslie A. Rescorla; Fredrik Almqvist; Sheila Weintraub; Niels Bilenberg; Hector Bird; Wei J. Chen; Anca Dobrean; Manfred Dpfner; Nese Erol; Eric Fombonne; Antnio Castro Fonseca; Alessandra Frigerio; Hans Grietens; Helga Hannesdttir; Yasuko Kanbayashi; Michael Lambert; Bo Larsson; Patrick Leung; Xianchen Liu; Asghar Minaei; Mesfin S. Mulatu; Torunn S. Novik; Kyung Ja Oh; Alexandra Roussos; Michael Sawyer; Zeynep Simsek; Hans-Christoph Steinhausen; Christa Winkler Metzke; Tomasz Wolanczyk; Hao-Jan Yang; Nelly Zilber; Rita Zukauskiene; Frank C. Verhulst

Maternal depressive symptoms and child care during toddlerhood relate to child behavior at age 5 years

Giles, L.; Davies, M.; Whitrow, M.; Warin, M.; Moore, V.
Fonte: Amer Acad Pediatrics Publicador: Amer Acad Pediatrics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
BACKGROUND: Disentangling the effects of maternal depression in toddlerhood from concurrent maternal depression on child behavior is difficult from previous research. Child care may modify any effects of maternal depression on subsequent child behavior, but this has not been widely investigated. METHODS: We examined the influence of maternal depressive symptoms during toddlerhood on children's behavior at the age of 5 years and investigated if formal or informal child care during toddlerhood modified any relationship observed. RESULTS: Data were available from 438 mothers and their children (227 girls and 211 boys); the mothers who completed questionnaires during the children's infancy, in toddlerhood, and at the age of 5 years. Recurrent maternal depressive symptoms in toddlerhood (when study children were aged 2 and 3½ years) was a significant risk factor for internalizing, externalizing, and total behavior problems when children were aged 5 years. Intermittent maternal depressive symptoms (study child age 2 or 3½ years) did not significantly affect child behavior problems. Formal child care at the age of 2 years modified the effect of recurrent maternal depressive symptoms on total behavior problems at age 5 years. Informal child care in toddlerhood did not significantly affect child behavior problems. CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent...

O efeito da terapia comportamental para enurese sobre outros problemas de comportamento; The effect of the behavioral treatment for enuresis on other behavior problems

PEREIRA, Rodrigo Fernando; COSTA, Noel José Dias da; ROCHA, Marina Monzani da; ARANTES, Mariana Castro; SILVARES, Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos
Fonte: Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o efeito do tratamento para enurese sobre os escores de outros problemas de comportamento. Foram coletadas as informações de 97 prontuários de crianças e adolescentes atendidos no período de 2002 a 2006 em uma clínica-escola de psicologia, em programa específico para enurese com uso do alarme de urina. Os dados sobre problemas de comportamento foram avaliados por meio do Child Behavior Checklist, respondido pelas mães antes e depois do tratamento. Foi encontrada uma redução significativa nos escores de problemas de comportamento, independentemente do sucesso ou não no tratamento para enurese.; This work aimed to investigate the treatment effect for enuresis on other behavior problems' scores. Clinical records of 97 enuretic children and adolescents, receiving urine alarm treatment in a university clinic center from 2002 to 2006, were analyzed. Behavior problems' data were assessed through the Child Behavior Checklist, filled by the mothers at the beginning and at the end of the treatment. Results indicate a significant reduction on behavior problems' scores at the end of treatment, despite of enuresis treatment outcome.; FAPESP; CNPq

Mechanisms Underlying the Influence of Disruptive Child Behavior on Interparental Communication

Wymbs, Brian T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Prospective and experimental manipulations of child behavior have demonstrated that disruptive child behavior causes interparental discord. However, research has yet to test for mechanisms underlying this causal pathway. There is reason to suspect parent affect and parenting behavior explain child effects on interparental relations. To investigate this hypothesis, parent couples of 9- to 12-year-old boys and girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n=51) and without ADHD (n=39) were randomly assigned to interact with a confederate child exhibiting “disruptive” or “typical” behavior. Parents rated their own affect as well as the quality of their partner's parenting and communication immediately following the interaction. Observers also coded the quality of parenting and communication behaviors parents exhibited during the interaction. Parents who interacted with disruptive confederates reported lower positive affect and higher negative affect than those who interacted with typical confederates. Parents were also noted by their partners and observers to parent disruptive confederates more negatively than typical confederates. Multilevel mediation models with observational coding and partner ratings both found that negative parenting explained the causal pathway between disruptive child behavior and negative communication. Exploratory analyses revealed that the strength of this pathway did not differ between parents of children with and without ADHD. Parent affect was not found to explain child effects on interparental communication. Though methodological issues limit the generalizability of these findings...

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL),Youth Self-Report (YSR) and Teacher's Report Form(TRF): an overview of the development of the original and Brazilian versions

Bordin,Isabel A.; Rocha,Marina M.; Paula,Cristiane S.; Teixeira,Maria Cristina T. V.; Achenbach,Thomas M.; Rescorla,Leslie A.; Silvares,Edwiges F. M.
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
The Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) for school-age children includes three instruments for assessing emotional and/or behavioral problems: Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), completed by parents, Youth Self-Report (YSR), completed by adolescents and Teacher's Report Form (TRF), completed by teachers. This review article gives detailed information on the development of these forms in the United States and Brazil, describing the main changes to the items, scales and score cut-off points in original versions between 1991 and 2001, as well as the process involved in the translation, back-translation and cultural adaptation of the original questionnaires to develop the current official Brazilian versions of the CBCL, YSR and TRF. The utility of these tools for research and clinical practice is highlighted, mentioning epidemiological studies and evaluation of interventions conducted in Brazil. Researchers' and clinicians' doubts regarding the correct use of the current official Brazilian versions are answered, giving examples of frequently asked questions relevant to the Brazilian context.

Effect of Infection Control Measures on the Frequency of Diarrheal Episodes in Child Care: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Roberts, Leslee; Jorm, Louisa; Patel, Mahomed; Smith, Wayne; Douglas, Robert M; McGilchrist, Charles A
Fonte: American Academy of Pediatrics Publicador: American Academy of Pediatrics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
Background. Diarrheal infections are common in children who attend child care, and preventing transmission of disease in this setting depends on actions by child care staff. We set out to discover whether transmission of gastrointestinal infections in child care could be reduced by improved infection control procedures. Methods. We performed a cluster randomized, controlled trial of an infection control intervention conducted in child care centers for 1 city in Australia. The intervention was training of child care staff about transmission of infection and handwashing and focused on both staff and child behavior. Implementation of the intervention was recorded by an observer. Illness was measured by parent report in telephone interviews every 2 weeks. Results. There were 311 child-years of surveillance for diarrheal episodes. The rate of episodes of diarrhea was 1.9 per child-year in intervention centers and 2.7 per child-year in control centers. Multivariate analysis showed that diarrheal episodes were significantly reduced in intervention center children by 50%. However, the impact of the intervention was confined to children over 24 months of age. For those centers in which children's compliance with handwashing was high, diarrheal episodes were reduced by 66%. Conclusions. This trial supports education about infection control...

O brinquedo como instrumento auxiliar para a análise funcional em terapia comportamental infantil; Playing as an adjutant tool for conducting functional analysis in child behavior therapy

Torres, Izilda Malta; Meyer, Sonia Beatriz
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/04/2005 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Uma análise funcional das agressões e problemas de relacionamento na escola de um menino de 11 anos foi realizada a partir de um jogo de percurso construído em sessões de terapia comportamental infantil. Através desse jogo pôde-se fazer o levantamento das queixas do cliente, operacionalizá-las junto ao mesmo e entender suas possíveis funções. Foi possível constatar que algumas das queixas apresentadas pela criança eram iguais àquelas apresentadas pela família e pela escola e que o jogo possibilitou ainda, conhecer novas queixas, favorecendo um entendimento maior do caso com dados fornecidos pela própria criança em situação lúdica. Palavras-chave: terapia comportamental infantil; jogo; análise funcional. ; A functional analysis of aggressive behaviors and relationship problems at school of an 11-year boy was performed through means of a game, which was devised in child behavior therapy sessions. With the help of this game, behavior problems of the child became known, were defined, and its possible functions understood. Some of the problems presented by the child were the same as those told by the parents and school officials...

Revisión de investigaciones recientes sobre la aplicación de la Teoría de Respuesta al Ítem al Child Behavior Checklist

Abal,Facundo Juan Pablo; Lozzia,Gabriela Susana; Blum,G. Diego; Aguerri,María Ester; Galibert,María Silvia; Attorresi,Horacio Félix
Fonte: Anuario de investigaciones Publicador: Anuario de investigaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
66%
El Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) es un formulario que permite registrar problemas comportamentales y competencias sociales de niños y adolescentes. Si bien se construyó desde el enfoque clásico de la Teoría de los Test, investigaciones recientes mostraron la utilidad de aplicar la Teoría de Respuesta al Ítem (TRI) para modelizar las variables del CBCL. El desarrollo de este trabajo revisa las consideraciones que se vieron obligados a tomar los respectivos autores para cumplir con las exigencias de los modelos de la TRI. Se describe la información que brindan las Curvas Características de los Ítems y cómo su análisis podría contribuir para optimizar el tiempo de administración del CBCL. Asimismo, se sintetizan los resultados alcanzados en relación con el estudio de la invarianza de las medidas obtenidas a través de adaptaciones transculturales de este formulario.

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: enhancing parent-child relationships

Urquiza,Anthony J.; Timmer,Susan
Fonte: Psychosocial Intervention Publicador: Psychosocial Intervention
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
Disruptive child behavior problems are common problems for parents and can be associated with serious delinquent behaviors and aggressive/violent behaviors in adolescence and adulthood. Parenting interventions to address disruptive child behavior problems has gained widespread acceptance. One of these parenting interventions is Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT). PCIT is a 14- to 20-week, founded on social learning and attachment theories, designed for children between 2 and 7 years of age with disruptive, or externalizing, behavior problems. This article will provide a brief review of the history of PCIT, a description of the basic components of PCIT, and an overview of recent developments that highlight the promise of PCIT with maltreating parent-child relationships, traumatized children, and in developing resilience in young children. In addressing the three basic treatment objectives for PCIT (i.e., reduction in child behavior problems, improving parenting skills, enhancing the quality of parent-child relationships), there is an abundance of research demonstrating very strong treatment effects and therefore, its value to the field. Recent research has also demonstrated the value of PCIT in reducing trauma symptoms in young children.

Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL),Youth Self-Report (YSR) and Teacher's Report Form(TRF): an overview of the development of the original and Brazilian versions

Bordin,Isabel A.; Rocha,Marina M.; Paula,Cristiane S.; Teixeira,Maria Cristina T. V.; Achenbach,Thomas M.; Rescorla,Leslie A.; Silvares,Edwiges F. M.
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
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The Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) for school-age children includes three instruments for assessing emotional and/or behavioral problems: Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), completed by parents, Youth Self-Report (YSR), completed by adolescents and Teacher's Report Form (TRF), completed by teachers. This review article gives detailed information on the development of these forms in the United States and Brazil, describing the main changes to the items, scales and score cut-off points in original versions between 1991 and 2001, as well as the process involved in the translation, back-translation and cultural adaptation of the original questionnaires to develop the current official Brazilian versions of the CBCL, YSR and TRF. The utility of these tools for research and clinical practice is highlighted, mentioning epidemiological studies and evaluation of interventions conducted in Brazil. Researchers' and clinicians' doubts regarding the correct use of the current official Brazilian versions are answered, giving examples of frequently asked questions relevant to the Brazilian context.