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Influence of post-mortem aging in tenderness of chicken breast fillets; Influência da maturação post-mortem sobre a tenderização de filés de peito de frango

Santos, Helena Caminha; Brandelli, Adriano; Ayub, Marco Antônio Záchia
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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56.26%
Neste trabalho, foram estudados os efeitos de diferentes tempos de maturação post-mortem sobre os valores de ruptura tecidual (cisalhamento) e avaliação sensorial de filés de peito de frango. O processo de maturação foi realizado pela manutenção das carcaças em caixas fechadas de plástico e armazenadas a 3±1 oC. Grupos de 5 carcaças foram classificados de acordo com o período de armazenagem na câmara fria como 0 (controle), 2, 4, 8, 12 e 24 horas. Os valores de pH das carcaças durante o período do rigor post-mortem decresceram de 6,4 para 5,9, enquanto que, durante o subseqüente período de maturação, os valores voltaram a crescer, atingindo um pH de 6,2 após 12 horas, provavelmente como resultado da proteólise Os valores de cisalhamento de Warner-Bratzler decresceram inversamente ao tempo de maturação, de acordo com uma reação cinética de primeira ordem, apresentando um declínio mais acentuado nos valores de cisalhamento nas primeiras duas horas de maturação, após o qual o desempenho tendo sido similar para todos os grupos, atingindo valores inferiores a 1kgf em 4 horas ou mais, com a maturação completa sendo atingida em 8 horas. As amostras com períodos maiores de maturação (8, 12 e 24 horas) foram preferidas na análise sensorial...

Qualidade microbiológica de filés de peito de frangos de corte submetidos à irradiação e atmosfera modificada em diferentes períodos de armazenamento

Cardoso, Karen Franco de Godoi
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: vii, 55 f. : tabs.
POR
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Pós-graduação em Zootecnia - FMVZ; Estudou-se o efeito da irradiação na redução e/ou destruição de microrganismos presentes em filés de peito de frango armazenados sob refrigeração e congelamento. Foram obtidos 40 filés de peito de frango, provenientes de abatedouro comercial inspecionado pelo SIF. As amostras foram acondicionadas em embalagens plásticas seladas a vácuo, sendo em seguida resfriadas ou submetidas ao congelamento lento. As amostras foram irradiadas com dose de 3 kGy e em seguida armazenadas em câmara frigorífica (4°C) por 21 dias ou freezer (-18°C) por 90 dias, conforme o tratamento. Foram realizadas análises microbiológicas para enumeração de microrganismos mesófilos aeróbios ou anaeróbios facultativos, psicrotróficos, determinação do Número Mais Provável de coliformes totais e termotolerantes e detecção da presença de Salmonella. A dose de 3 kGy foi suficiente para melhorar a qualidade microbiológica dos filés de frango e oferecer maior segurança para o consumidor, quanto à presença de Salmonella.; The effect of irradiation on the reduction and/or destruction of microorganisms present in chicken breast stored under refrigeration and freezing was studied. Forty chicken breast filets were obtained from a slaughterhouse inspected by the SIF. The samples were placed in vacuum plastic packages and then they were refrigerated or submitted to slow freezing. The samples were irradiated with a dose of 3 kGy and then stored in cold room (4°C) for 21 days or freezer (-18°C) for 90 days...

Influencia da radiação ionizante (60Co) na manutenção da qualidade fisico-quimica, microbiologica e sensorial de cortes de coxa e file de peito de frango acondicionado em deiferentes sistemas de embalagens.; Influence of ionizing radiation (60Co) on the physical-chemical, microbiological and sensory keeping quality characteristics of raw chiken thigh and chiken breast fillets packed in different packaging systems.

Luciana Miyagusku
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2008 PT
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46.61%
Lotes de amostras de cortes de coxa e de filé de peito de frango, previamente acondicionadas sob diferentes sistemas de embalagens (recobertas por filme de alta permeabilidade ao oxigênio (AR), em vácuo (VC) e em atmosfera modificada (AM) com CO2 e N2) foram submetidas à irradiação ionizante com uma fonte de 60Co. Com o objetivo de avaliar a influência do processo sobre a vida útil e manutenção da qualidade foram avaliados parâmetros físico-químicos, microbiológicos e sensoriais das amostras processadas e armazenadas sob refrigeração a temperatura de 7±1ºC por períodos de 42 dias (AR) e três meses (VC e AM). Os tratamentos das amostras de frango por irradiação não promoveram alteraçao de cor, determinada objetivamente, enquanto a oxidação lipídica, avaliada pelas determinações TBARS (substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico) como indicador, apresentaram tendência de valores crescentes, conforme incremento da dose. Os valores de pH das amostrascontrole coxa/AR,VC e AM e peito/AR,VC e AM não apresentaram diferenças significativas durante todo o período de armazenamento. A aplicação da irradiação às amostras de carne de frango acondicionadas em filme de alta permeabilidade ao oxigênio (coxa/AR e peito/AR) e em filme barreira (coxa/VC...

Estudos dos processos de hidrolise enzimatica e secagem por atomização para obtenção de hidrolisado proteico de frango em po; Study of the processes of enzymatic hydrolysis and spray drying to obtain a protein hydrolysate of chicken breast meat powder

Louise Emy Kurozawa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/08/2009 PT
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56.33%
O presente trabalho teve como objetivo o estudo dos processos de hidrólise enzimática e secagem por spray dryer para obtenção de hidrolisado proteico de peito de frango em pó. Este foi realizado em três etapas. Na primeira fase, fez-se um estudo da cinética e a seleção da melhor condição de hidrólise enzimática de peito de frango, utilizando a enzima comercial AlcalaseÒ 2.4L. Um delineamento composto central rotacional (DCCR), totalizando 17 ensaios, foi realizado com o intuito de avaliar o efeito das variáveis: temperatura (43 a 77°C), razão enzima:substrato (0,8 a 4,2% p/p) e pH (7,16 a 8,84) na cinética de hidrólise enzimática de peito de frango e nas respostas: grau de hidrólise (GH) e recuperação de proteína (RP). A hidrólise enzimática foi otimizada de modo a obter maiores valores de GH e RP, sendo que a condição escolhida foi: 52,5°C, 4,2% p/p e pH de 8,0, na qual o hidrolisado apresentou um GH de 31% e uma RP de 91%. Na condição otimizada do processo, foi realizada a caracterização do hidrolisado proteico em termos de composição química, perfil eletroforético e composição total de aminoácidos. Na segunda etapa do projeto, foi avaliado o efeito da concentração (0 a 30%, p/p) e do tipo de agente carreador (maltodextrina 10DE e goma arábica) nas características físico-químicas...

Influence of post-mortem aging in tenderness of chicken breast fillets

Santos,Helena Caminha; Brandelli,Adriano; Ayub,Marco Antônio Záchia
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
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56.26%
In this work, analysis of chicken breast fillets was performed for shear values and sensory evaluation after different times of aging. Aging process was carried out by holding carcasses in covered plastic boxes, in a cold room, at 3 +/- 1ºC; groups of 5 carcasses were stored and classified according to the period of storage in cold room as 0 (control), 2, 4, 8, 12 and 24 hours. The variation in pH of chicken carcasses during rigor decreased from 6.4 to 5.9. However, during the process of aging, the pH values increased up to 6.2 in the first 12h, probably as the result of proteolysis. The Warner-Bratzler shear values decreased as aging time increases, resulting in a first order kinetic. The carcasses presented a more accentuated decline in shear values in the first two hours of aging. After this period, the curve had a similar performance, achieving values of less than 1 kgf in 4 hours or more, with complete aging being accomplished at 8 hours. The samples with higher period of aging (8, 12 and 24 hours) were preferred in sensorial analysis, without significant differences among them.

Gamma irradiation in the control of pathogenic bacteria in refrigerated ground chicken meat

Spoto,Marta Helena Filet; Gallo,Cláudio Rosa; Alcarde,André Ricardo; Gurgel,Maria Sílvia do Amaral; Blumer,Lucimara; Walder,Júlio Marcos Melges; Domarco,Rachel Elisabeth
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2000 EN
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46.46%
This work evaluated the effect of gamma radiation on reducting the population of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium in ground chicken breast stored under refrigeration. The experiment included a control and 4 doses of gamma radiation (2.0, 4.0, 6.0 and 8.0 kGy) along with 5 periods of storage under refrigeration (1, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days). Samples of ground chicken breast were inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 14458), Escherichia coli (ATCC 11105) and Salmonella typhimurium (ATCC 0626), irradiated at temperatures between 4 and 8°C and stored under refrigeration (5°C) for 28 days. The increased radiation dose and period of storage under refrigeration caused a reduction of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium populations in the ground chicken breast. Mean radiation D values determined for Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were 0.41 and 0.72 kGy, respectively. Gamma irradiation was an effective treatment for chicken meat conservation because the radiation dose of 6.0 kGy kept the ground chicken breast within the microbiological limits established by the Brazilian legislation, for up to 28 days under refrigeration.

Antimicrobial effect of turmeric (Curcuma longa) on chicken breast meat contamination

Lourenço,TC; Mendonça,EP; Nalevaiko,PC; Melo,RT; Silva,PL; Rossi,DA
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
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46.28%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of turmeric (Curcuma longa), also known in Brazil as saffron, on the reduction of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli counts in chicken meat. Forty breast meat samples were divided in two groups (A and B). In group A, 10³-10(4)E. coli (ATCC 25922) cells were inoculated and group B samples were inoculated with 10(4)-10(5)S. aureus (ATCC 9801) cells, after which each group was divided in three samples. The first sample was analyzed immediately after inoculation. The second sample (control group) was stored at 4 ºC for 48 hours and turmeric at 1% (w/w) was added to the third sample, which was homogenized and then stored under the same conditions as the second sample. E. coli and S. aureus were enumerated in all samples. Mean bacterial counts determined for the control samples and for the samples with turmeric addition after 48h of storage were 1.83 x 10(4) CFU g-1 and 1.80 x 10(4) CFU g-1 for S. aureus, and 9.36 x 10³ CFU g-1 and 7.25 x 10³ CFU g-1 for E. coli, respectively. The results showed that there was no significant reduction in bacterial counts with the addition of 1% turmeric to chicken breast meat.

Synergism between dietary vitamin E and exogenous phytic acid in prevention of warmed-over flavour development in chicken breast meat, Pectoralis major M.

Soares,Adriana Lourenço; Olivo,Rubison; Shimokomaki,Massami; Ida,Elza Iouko
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2004 EN
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56.23%
The effect of alpha-tocopheryl acetate (AT) supplementation and exogenous application of this vitamin E associated with phytic acid (PA) on chicken breast meat WOF development was assessed. Control group was fed with 7.7IU of AT/kg of ration and supplemented group was fed with 200.0IU of AT/kg of ration. Dietary vitamin E as measured by TBARS inhibited WOF development by 78.9; 69.0; 60.7 and 46.5% (p<0.05) during storage at 6° C for 0, 1, 3 and 5 days, respectively. This inhibition was significantly increased (p<0.05) by 86.1; 91.6; 92.9 and 95.3% during storage at 6° C for 0, 1, 3 and 5 days, respectively, when 2mM PA was added in supplemented breast meat. In the exogenous experiment, through Response Surface Methodology design it was found out AT did not have a significant role towards oxidation inhibition whereas PA inhibited partially in samples stored for 48h at 6° C. The results showed that dietary AT inhibited at initial stage, subsequently PA would act at propagation phase occurring synergetic reaction between both antioxidants.

Microbiology, sensory evaluation and shelf life of irradiated chicken breast fillets stored in air or vacuum

Mantilla,Samira Pirola Santos; Santos,Érica Barbosa; Vital,Helio de Carvalho; Mano,Sérgio Borges; Freitas,Mônica Queiroz de; Franco,Robson Maia
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2011 EN
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56.21%
This work investigated the effects of different packaging methods (air and vacuum) combined with irradiation (0.0, 2.0 and 3.0 kGy) on the preservation of chicken breast fillets stored at 1ºC for up to 18 days by sensorial test, determination of pH and bacterial growth. The findings indicated that the post-irradiation lag phase increased with the dose, leading to an extension in shelf-life. Vacuum-packed samples irradiated at 3.0 kGy exhibited the longest shelf life. Among the analyzed bacteria, coliforms and Listeria spp. were most sensitive to gamma radiation. All the fillets acquired more attractive coloration and better overall impression with irradiation. The combined use of vacuum packaging and irradiation (3.0 kGy) reduced the microbial populations without causing change in pH and yielded a significant shelf-life extension of refrigerated fillets, besides improving its appearance.

Influence of ageing time on yield and texture of marinated chicken breast cooked using a continuous process

Sartori,Tais Colpo; Terra,Nelcindo Nascimento
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos - ITAL Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos - ITAL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
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66.38%
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different ageing times before deboning (deboning time) and ageing times after deboning (holding time) on the quality (sensory attributes and texture) and cooking loss of chicken breast marinated, cooked and frozen using a continuous process.The following3² experimental design was used (3 deboning times: zero, 6 and 12 hours; and 3 holding times: zero, 12 and 24 hours). Brine absorption, chicken breast pH and cooking loss were evaluated, a sensory analysis was carried out and the shear force was determined. The deboning and holding times did not significantly influence brine absorption and pH, but did significantly influence cooking loss, where the lowest value obtained was a mean of 19.72% for deboning times of 6 or 12 hours and a holding time of 24 hours. A deboning time of 6 hours was sufficient to improve tenderness as measured by a sensory analysis and shear force determination.

QuEChERS-HPLC-DAD method for sulphonamides in chicken breast

Machado,Simone Caetani; Landin-Silva,Mariane; Maia,Patrícia Penido; Rath,Susanne; Martins,Isarita
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
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66.33%
The development of a QuEChERS-HPLC-DAD method using a Lichrospher 60 RP-Select B column (250 x 4.6 mm x 5 µm) at 40ºC, mobile phase constituted by phosphate buffer:acetonitrile (75:25, v/v) at a initial flow rate of 0.5 mL min-1, increased by 1.2 mL min-1 and at 265 nm is presented for simultaneous determination of sulphadiazine, sulphametoxipiridazine and sulphamethoxazole in chicken breast samples. QuEchERS is inexpensive, fast and easy, and the extraction of the analytes of the matrix was successfully employed. In addition, the method presented linearity, in the range of 25, 50, 100, 150, 175, and 200 µg kg-1, precision, selectivity and sensitivity. The intraday precision (RSD %) for QuEChERS method was between 3.6-10.8 (SDZ), 6.9-14.1 (SPZ) and 1.9-10.9 (SMX) and interday precision (RSD%) was between 1.5-9.7, 1.7-4.1 and 2.1-10.2, respectively. Results of accuracy (bias) were in the range of -8.6 to +11.9 %. Therefore, the validated method is clearly useful for the practical residue monitoring of the drugs evaluated in chicken samples, as all the values were within the acceptable criteria used for food safety. Of 6 samples analyzed, none of them showed contamination of the sulphonamides studied at detectable levels.

Expression of myogenic factors in denervated chicken breast muscle: isolation of the chicken Myf5 gene.

Saitoh, O; Fujisawa-Sehara, A; Nabeshima, Y; Periasamy, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/05/1993 EN
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46.46%
In this study, we have isolated and characterized the chicken Myf5 gene, and cDNA clones encoding chicken MyoD1 and myogenin. The chicken Myf5 and MRF4 genes are tandemly located on a single genomic DNA fragment, and the chicken Myf5 gene is organized into at least three exons. Using genomic and cDNA probes, we further analyzed the mRNA levels of four myogenic factors during chicken breast muscle development. This analysis revealed that myogenin expression is restricted to in ovo stages in breast muscle, and is not detectable in neonatal and adult stages. On the other hand, Myf5 expression is detectable until day 7 post-hatching, and is not found in adult muscle, whereas high levels of MyoD1 and MRF4 are detectable at all stages. To further understand the roles of innervation on muscle maturation, we analyzed the expression of the four myogenic factors in denervated adult breast muscle. We found that MyoD1, myogenin, and MRF4 are induced at high levels in denervated muscle, whereas no change occurs in the level of Myf5. These studies suggest that innervation controls the relative abundance and type of myogenic factors that are expressed in adult muscle, and that when nerve control is removed, the muscle reverts to a neonatal phenotype...

Extreme Heat Resistance of Food Borne Pathogens Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella typhimurium on Chicken Breast Fillet during Cooking

de Jong, Aarieke E. I.; van Asselt, Esther D.; Zwietering, Marcel H.; Nauta, Maarten J.; de Jonge, Rob
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
The aim of this research was to determine the decimal reduction times of bacteria present on chicken fillet in boiling water. The experiments were conducted with Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella, and Escherichia coli. Whole chicken breast fillets were inoculated with the pathogens, stored overnight (4°C), and subsequently cooked. The surface temperature reached 70°C within 30 sec and 85°C within one minute. Extremely high decimal reduction times of 1.90, 1.97, and 2.20 min were obtained for C. jejuni, E. coli, and S. typhimurium, respectively. Chicken meat and refrigerated storage before cooking enlarged the heat resistance of the food borne pathogens. Additionally, a high challenge temperature or fast heating rate contributed to the level of heat resistance. The data were used to assess the probability of illness (campylobacteriosis) due to consumption of chicken fillet as a function of cooking time. The data revealed that cooking time may be far more critical than previously assumed.

Combined Effects of High Pressure Processing and Addition of Soy Sauce and Olive Oil on Safety and Quality Characteristics of Chicken Breast Meat

Kruk, Zbigniew A.; Kim, Hyun Joo; Kim, Yun Ji; Rutley, David L.; Jung, Samooel; Lee, Soo Kee; Jo, Cheorun
Fonte: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) and Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology (KSAST) Publicador: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies (AAAP) and Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology (KSAST)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
This study was conducted to evaluate the combined effect of high pressure (HP) with the addition of soy sauce and/or olive oil on the quality and safety of chicken breast meats. Samples were cut into 100 g pieces and 10% (w/w) of soy sauce (SS), 10% (w/w) of olive oil (OO), and a mixture of both 5% of soy sauce and 5% olive oil (w/w) (SO) were pressurized into meat with high pressure at 300 or 600 MPa. Cooking loss was lower in OO samples than SS samples. With increased pressure to 600 MPa, the oleic acid content of OO samples increased. The total unsaturated fatty acids were the highest in SO and OO 600 MPa samples. Lipid oxidation was retarded by addition of olive oil combined with HP. The addition of olive oil and soy sauce followed by HP decreased the amount of volatile basic nitrogen during storage and reduced the population of pathogens. Sensory evaluation indicated that the addition of olive oil enhanced the overall acceptance and willingness to buy. In conclusion, the combination of HP with the addition of soy sauce and/or olive oil is an effective technology that can improve chemical, health, sensory qualities and safety of chicken breast.

Omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LCPUFA) levels in chicken products following consumption of alpha-linolenic acid enriched diets.

Kartikasari, Lilik Retna
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
The importance of dietary omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFAs) in human health has promoted interest in developing a range of n-3 rich foods. The inclusion of n-3 FA into chicken products can be achieved by feeding chickens marine n-3 LCPUFA sources such as fish oil. However, this dietary approach has proven problematic due to impaired sensory qualities in the chicken products. The inclusion of the plant n-3 PUFA source alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n-3), the n-3 LCPUFA precursor, into the diet of chickens is potentially an alternative way to provide chicken products rich in n-3 LCPUFAs without these detrimental sensory effects. The objectives of the study were to investigate whether including ALA in the diets of two strains of laying hens and two strains of broilers would increase n-3 LCPUFA accumulation in eggs and meat, without altering production performance or the sensory characteristics of the products. The levels of dietary ALA tested in both laying hen and broiler experiment were 0.3 (low), 3 (moderate) and 6% energy (high; %en), while holding the level of LA constant at around 4%en in the moderate and high ALA diets. The findings in this study demonstrated that independent of strain, for both eggs and meat...

Combined effects of high pressure processing and addition of soy sauce and olive oil on safety and quality characteristics of chicken breast meat

Kruk, Z.A.; Kim, H.J.; Kim, Y.J.; Rutley, D.L.; Jung, S.; Lee, S.K.; Jo, C.
Fonte: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies(AAAP) Publicador: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies(AAAP)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
This study was conducted to evaluate the combined effect of high pressure (HP) with the addition of soy sauce and/or olive oil on the quality and safety of chicken breast meats. Samples were cut into 100 g pieces and 10% (w/w) of soy sauce (SS), 10% (w/w) of olive oil (OO), and a mixture of both 5% of soy sauce and 5% olive oil (w/w) (SO) were pressurized into meat with high pressure at 300 or 600 MPa. Cooking loss was lower in OO samples than SS samples. With increased pressure to 600 MPa, the oleic acid content of OO samples increased. The total unsaturated fatty acids were the highest in SO and OO 600 MPa samples. Lipid oxidation was retarded by addition of olive oil combined with HP. The addition of olive oil and soy sauce followed by HP decreased the amount of volatile basic nitrogen during storage and reduced the population of pathogens. Sensory evaluation indicated that the addition of olive oil enhanced the overall acceptance and willingness to buy. In conclusion, the combination of HP with the addition of soy sauce and/or olive oil is an effective technology that can improve chemical, health, sensory qualities and safety of chicken breast.; Zbigniew A. Kruk, Hyun Joo Kim, Yun Ji Kim, David L. Rutley, Samooel Jung, Soo Kee Lee...

Effects of crossbreeding on slaughter traits and breast muscle chemical composition in chinese chickens

Huang,Ai-xia; Li,Jin-jun; Shen,Jun-da; Tao,Zheng-rong; Ren,Jin-dong; Li,Guo-qing; Wang,De-qian; Tian,Yong; Yang,Fu-sheng; Ding,Wei-ping; Wu,Tian-xing; Lu,Li-zhi
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.59%
We investigated the effects of crossbreeding on slaughter traits and the chemical composition of chicken breast muscle. Trials were conducted using 120 broilers from four lines: Xiao-Shan chicken (XS), Xian-Ju chicken (XJ), Xiao-Shan chicken♂♂ × Xian-Ju chicken♀♀ (Zhenan 1, ZNY1) and Xiao-Shan chicken♂♂ × (Guang-Xi Yellow chicken♂♂×Xian-Ju chicken♀♀) ♀♀ (Zhenan 2, ZNY2). The birds were slaughtered at 120 days of age and the slaughter traits were measured. Breast muscles were sampled to determine chemical composition. The slaughter traits of hybrid chickens were improved. Both hybrid strains had higher intramuscular fat (IMF) and inosine-5'-monophosphate (inosinic acid, IMP). Concentrations of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) in breast muscles from the two hybrids were significantly higher than in the other two breeds (p < 0.05). The concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the breast muscles of the two hybrids was significantly lower than in the other two breeds (p < 0.05). ZNY2 had significantly lower (p < 0.05) concentrations of myristic acid (C14:0). The breast muscle of ZNY1 had significantly higher palmitic acid (C16:0) concentrations than XS...

Microbiological quality and other characteristics of refrigerated chicken meat in contact with cellulose acetate-based film incorporated with rosemary essential oil

Melo,Adriane Alexandre Machado de; Geraldine,Robson Maia; Silveira,Miriam Fontes Araujo; Torres,Maria Célia Lopes; Rezende,Cíntia Silva Minafra e; Fernandes,Thiago Henrique; Oliveira,Antonio Nonato de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
Antimicrobial active packaging delays or inhibits microorganism growth in packed products, and it can be used in a variety of food systems. The objective of the present research was to develop packaging incorporated with natural antimicrobial agents (active film). The effects of the active film on the spoilage, pathogenic microorganism counts, pH and color of the refrigerated chicken breast cuts were analyzed. Cellulose acetate-based active films incorporating two concentrations (20% and 50%, v/w) of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) essential oil were manufactured and placed in contact with the chicken breast cuts for six days. An analysis of variance and mean comparison tests (Tukey's test, p<0.05) were performed on the results. The films that contained 20% essential oil and were intercalated with chicken breast samples did not demonstrate significant effects on the control of psychrotrophic or total coliform microorganisms during the storage period; however, the films incorporated with 50% essential oil demonstrated efficacy toward the control of coliforms during the storage of the samples (6 days, 2 ± 2ºC). The pH was related to the psychrotrophic microorganism count and was not influenced by the treatment. The color was not influenced by the time of storage or the treatment. The results demonstrate that active films incorporating 50% rosemary essential oil are effective at controlling certain microorganisms in chicken breast cuts.

QuEChERS-HPLC-DAD method for sulphonamides in chicken breast

Machado, Simone Caetani; Landin-Silva, Mariane; Maia, Patrícia Penido; Rath, Susanne; Martins, Isarita
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2013 ENG
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O desenvolvimento de um método QuEChERS-HPLC-DAD usando uma coluna Lichrospher RP-60 Select B (250 x 4,6 mm x 5 µm) a 40 ºC, fase móvel constituída por tampão de fosfato: acetonitrila (75:25, v/v) a uma vazão inicial de 0,5 mL min-1, aumentando 1,2 mL min-1 e a 265 nm é apresentado para a determinação simultânea de sulfadiazina, sulfametoxipiridazina e sulfametoxazol em amostras de peito de frango. O QuEChERS é barato, rápido e fácil, e a extração dos analitos da matriz foi empregada com sucesso. Além disso, o método apresentou linearidade, na faixa de 25, 50, 100, 150, 175 e 200 µg kg-1, precisão, seletividade e sensibilidade. A precisão intradia (RSD %) para o método QuEChERS foi entre 3,6-10,8 (SDZ), 6,9-14,1 (SPZ) e 1,9-10,9 (SMX) e a precisão interdias (RSD%) foi entre 1,5-9,7, 1,7-4,1 e 2,1-10,1, respectivamente. Resultados de exatidão (tendenciosidade) foram na faixa de -8,6 a +11,9%. Portanto, o método validado é útil para a monitorização de resíduos de medicamentos avaliados em amostras de frangos, bem como todos os valores estavam dentro dos critérios aceitáveis utilizados para a segurança dos alimentos. De seis amostras analisadas, nenhuma apresentou contaminação de sulfonamidas nos níveis detectáveis estudados.; The development of a QuEChERS-HPLC-DAD method using a Lichrospher 60 RP-Select B column (250 x 4.6 mm x 5 µm) at 40ºC...

Fatty acid profile, cholesterol and oxidative status in broiler chicken breast muscle fed different dietary oil sources and calcium levels

Abdulla,N.R.; Loh,T.C.; Akit,H.; Sazili,A.Q.; Foo,H.L.; Mohamad,R.; Abdul Rahim,R.; Ebrahimi,M.; Sabow,A.B.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of three feeds containing 6% oils: palm oil (PO), soybean oil (SO) and linseed oil (LO); and three calcium levels (NRC recommendation, 1.25% and 1.50%) on the fatty acid profile, lipid oxidation and cholesterol concentrations of broiler breast meat in a 3 χ 3 factorial experiment. A total of 378 one-day-old chicks were randomly assigned to the diets and fed for six weeks. Birds fed diet supplemented with LO, SO and PO had higher proportions of α-linolenic, linoleic and oleic acids, respectively. The LO diet increased the total n-3 fatty acids and decreased the n-6 : n-3 compared with the PO and SO diets. Birds fed the PO diet had higher oxidative stability and cholesterol compared with those fed the SO and LO diets. However, the level of cholesterol in all treatments was within the normal range. The level of calcium and interaction between source of oil and calcium level did not influence lipid oxidation, fatty acid profile and cholesterol level of broiler breast muscle. It can be concluded that dietary LO and SO enhanced n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, respectively, while dietary PO enhanced the oleic acid and oxidative stability of broiler breast muscle. Thus...