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Sistemas digitais directos vs indirectos : níveis de referência de diagnóstico locais na  radiografia de tórax em projeção postero-anterior em dois hospitais portugueses; Direct Vs Indirect Digital Systems: Local Diagnostic Reference Levels for Chest Radiography in Postero-Anterior Projection in two Portuguese Hospitals

Oliveira, Joana; Mourato, Marília; Domingos, Carlos; Miranda, Ricardo; Pereira, Paulo; Grilo, Ricardo; Frutuoso, Jorge
Fonte: Repositório Científico Lusófona Publicador: Repositório Científico Lusófona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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36.61%
Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar e comparar as doses de radiação recolhidas numa amostra de 69 pacientes, em dois hospitais, com diferentes métodos de aquisição de imagem digital, direta e indireta, que realizaram radiografia de tórax, em projeção postero-anterior (PA). Para os dois hospitais, a dose à entrada da pele (DEP) e efectiva (E), foram medidas usando o software PCXMC para comparação entre si e com referências internacionais. No Hospital A, com aquisição digital direta, a média de DEP foi de 0,089 mGy e a média de E foi 0,013 mSv. No Hospital B, com aquisição digital de indireta, a média de DEP foi de 0.151 mGy e a média de E foi 0.030mSv. Em ambos os hospitais, as doses médias não ultrapassaram os limites recomendados por lei (0,3 mGy). Para a radiografia de tórax PA, o nível de referência diagnostico (NRD) local calculado foi 0.107 mGy, para o Hospital A e 0.164 mGy, para o Hospital B. Na radiografia de tórax PA, a utilização de um sistema de aquisição direta implicou uma redução de dose de 41 %, concordante com as referências disponíveis que apontam para a redução da dose de cerca de 50 % entre os dois sistemas.; This study intended to evaluate and compare radiation doses collected from a sample of 69 patients in two hospitals where chest radiography is carried out using different methods of digital image acquisition...

Dor torácica não-cardiogênica; Non-cardiac chest pain

DOMINGUES, Gerson Ricardo de Souza; MORAES-FILHO, Joaquim Prado P.
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBGSociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBHSociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBGSociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBHSociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.66%
CONTEXTO: Dor torácica não-cardiogênica ou dor torácica funcional é síndrome clínica com elevada prevalência no mundo ocidental, podendo estar presente entre 15% a 30% dos pacientes com coronariografias normais. Tem importante impacto na qualidade de vida dos pacientes e associa-se com considerável aumento da utilização dos serviços de saúde. FONTES DE INFORMAÇÃO: Para esta revisão, foram utilizadas as seguintes bases de dados: Medline, the Cochrane Library, LILACS e livros nacionais. Das publicações dos últimos 5 anos foram selecionadas fontes relevantes como artigos originais, artigos de revisão, consensos, diretrizes e revisões sistemáticas de literatura com meta-análise. Publicações relevantes anteriores ao período de tempo analisado, foram também incluídas. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídas 44 publicações, sendo 28 artigos originais, 12 trabalhos de revisão, 2 diretrizes, 1 meta-análise e 1 consenso. CONCLUSÕES: A dor torácica não-cardiogênica abrange a investigação do trato digestório, do aparelho musculoesquelético, do aparelho respiratório e de distúrbios psicológicos. O objetivo do tratamento é o alívio ou eliminação do sintoma e deve estar voltado para o principal mecanismo gerador. A base do tratamento é medicamentosa...

Influence of chest wall on lung mechanics during inspiration.

Ferreira, Marcia Zotti Justo; Silva, Marjorie Fregonesi Rodrigues da; Hernandez-Figueroa, H. E.; Alencar, Adriano Mesquita
Fonte: American Thoracic Society; Philadelphia Publicador: American Thoracic Society; Philadelphia
Tipo: Aula
ENG
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RATIONALE: The interaction between lungs and chest wall influences lung volume, that determines lung history during respiration cycle. In this study, the influence of chest wall mechanics on respiratory system is assessed by the evaluation of inspiration pressure-volume curve (PV curve) under three different situations: closed-chest, open-chest and isolated lung. The PV curve parameters in each situation allow us to further understand the role played by different chest wall elements in the respiratory function. Methods: Twenty-four male Wistar rats (236 ± 29 g) were used. The animals were weighted and then anesthetized with xylazine 2% (0,5mL/kg) and ketamine 10% (0,9mL/kg), exsanguinated and later tracheostomized with a metallic cannula (14 gauge). The cannula was connected to an automatic small animal insufflator. This setup was connected to a pressure transducer (32 samples/s). The 24 animals were randomly separated in three groups: (i) closed chest, (ii) open chest and (iii) isolated lung. The rats were insufflated with 20mL quasi-statically (constant speed of 0,1mL/s). Insufflated volume and measured pressure data were kept and PV curves were obtained for all animals. The PV curves were fitted (non-linear least squares) against the sigmoid equation (1) to obtain the sigmoid equation parameters (a...

Detecção de infarto do miocárdio através de ressonância magnética cardiovascular e angiotomografia coronária em pacientes usuários de cocaína com história de dor torácica após seu uso; Assessment of myocardial infarction by cardiovascular magnetic resonance and computed tomography angiography in patients with cocaine-associated chest pain

Paraschin, Karen
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2010 PT
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INTRODUÇÃO: A cocaína é a terceira droga ilícita mais comumente utilizada nos Estados Unidos e a principal responsável pelo atendimento de pacientes usuários de drogas em serviços de emergência médica. A queixa mais comum na entrada da emergência é a dor torácica, referida em 40% dos casos. Além disso, o uso crônico leva a piora da hipertensão, hipertrofia ventricular esquerda e acelera a aterosclerose. A ressonância magnética cardiovascular é um excelente método para avaliação da morfologia e função ventricular, com excelente reprodutibilidade, e atualmente considerada padrão ouro. A angiotomografia coronária é um método diagnóstico em ascensão, permitindo a detecção de DAC obstrutiva e não obstrutiva, acrescentando informação para a estratificação de risco cardiovascular. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a eventual presença de infarto prévio em pacientes jovens (18 a 40 anos) usuários de cocaína, que apresentavam dor torácica, através da detecção de fibrose miocárdica por exame de ressonância magnética cardiovascular. O objetivo secundário foi avaliar alterações parietais e obstruções das coronárias desses pacientes por angiotomografia coronária. MÉTODOS: Avaliamos 24 pacientes usuários de cocaína (nas formas inalatória...

Cintilografia planar de perfusão miocárdica em pacientes com dor torácica e eletrocardiograma sem alterações sugestivas de isquemia; Planar scintigraphy myocardial perfusion in patients with chest pain and ECG changes without suggestive of ischemia

Yamada, Alice Tatsuko
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/07/2002 PT
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36.66%
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o uso da cintilografia de perfusão miocárdica planar de repouso para o diagnóstico de insuficiência coronariana aguda em pacientes com dor torácica e eletrocardiograma sem alterações sugestivas de isquemia. Foram estudados 71 pacientes com idades entre 34 e 87 (média 58, desvio-padrão 12) anos; 44 (62%) eram do sexo masculino e 27 (38%) do feminino. Os pacientes com dor torácica foram avaliados na unidade de emergência com anamnese, exame físico e eletrocardroqrarna de 12 derivações. Pacientes com dor torácica de duração superior a 20 minutos, em vigência da dor ou sem dor, mas que sofreram dor torácica até seis horas anies do atendimento e com eletrocardioqrarna sem alterações sugestivas de isquemia miocárdica, foram submetidos à cintilografia planar de perfusão miocárdica de repouso quando solicitada pelo médico assistente. O tempo médio entre o início da dor toràcica e a Injeção do radiotraçador foi de três horas e seis minutos. Treze pacientes apresentavam dor torácica no momento da injeção. Foram colhidas amostras sanguineas para dosagens de atividade da creatinoquinase-MB (CK-MB), CK-MB massa, troponina I e mioglobina, seis horas após o início da dor torácica. O diagnóstico de insuficiência coronariana aguda foi feito em pacientes com angina de repouso...

Analysis of acoustic frequency and wave amplitude generated by the Oscillatory Thoracic Thixotropic Device (Diottix(r)) in human chest

Manzano, Roberta Munhoz; Santos, Rodrigo Leonel Dos; Alcântara, José Roberto De; Albino, Daniel Donaire; Borghi-silva, Audrey; Ambrozin, Alexandre Ricardo Pepe
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 346-352
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Diottix(r) was calibrated at 25 Hz to achieve the frequency indicated in literature as being effective to mobilize the airways secretions. However, the amplitude and frequency of the waves generated by the equipment in different regions of the chest still need to be investigated. The objective of this study was to analyze the frequency and amplitude of waves generated by Diottix(r) in chests of healthy subjects. Diottix(r) was used in the anterior and posterior regions of the chest. The mechanical waves were captured using stethoscopes connected to electret microphones, which were connected to a digital oscilloscope. Frequency and amplitude data were recorded by the stethoscope, positioned in six points in the anterior region and six in the posterior region of the chest, following the positions commonly used in pulmonary auscultation. Signals were recorded and transferred to a computer with software for their analysis. The frequency of waves did not present a significant change (from 24.9 to 26.4 Hz). The wave amplitude in the anterior versus the posterior region in each area of the lung, the upper, middle and lower, had differences. Diottix(r) produces frequencies in the chest according to the calibrated; thus, it can be a complementary resource to bronchial hygiene maneuvers. The amplitudes of waves seem to be affected by other structures like bone parts and heart.; Diottix(r) fue calibrado en 25 Hz para alcanzar la frecuencia indicada en la literatura como eficaz para movilizar secreciones de las vías aéreas. La amplitud y frecuencia de ondas generadas por el equipamiento en las diferentes regiones del tórax aun necesitan de más investigaciones. El objetivo de eso estudio fue analizar la frecuencia y amplitud de ondas generadas por el Diottix(r) en el tórax de sujetos saludables. La aplicación del Diottix(r) fue realizada en las regiones anterior y posterior del tórax. Las ondas mecánicas fueron captadas utilizándose estetoscopios ligados a micrófonos de electret...

Chest pain in the emergency room. Importance of a systematic approach

Bassan,Roberto; Scofano,Marcelo; Gamarski,Roberto; Dohmann,Hans Fernando; Pimenta,Lúcia; Volschan,André; Araujo,Mônica; Clare,Cristina; Fabrício,Marcelo; Sanmartin,Carlos Henrique; Mohallem,Kalil; Gaspar,Sergio; Macaciel,Renato
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of a systematic diagnostic approach in patients with chest pain in the emergency room in relation to the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and the rate of hospitalization in high-cost units. METHODS: One thousand and three consecutive patients with chest pain were screened according to a pre-established process of diagnostic investigation based on the pre-test probability of ACS determinate by chest pain type and ECG changes. RESULTS: Of the 1003 patients, 224 were immediately discharged home because of no suspicion of ACS (route 5) and 119 were immediately transferred to the coronary care united because of ST elevation or left bundle-branch block (LBBB) (route 1) (74% of these had a final diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction [AMI]). Of the 660 patients that remained in the emergency room under observation, 77 (12%) had AMI without ST segment elevation and 202 (31%) had unstable angina (UA). In route 2 (high probability of ACS) 17% of patients had AMI and 43% had UA, whereas in route 3 (low probability) 2% had AMI and 7 % had UA. The admission ECG has been confirmed as a poor sensitivity test for the diagnosis of AMI ( 49%), with a positive predictive value considered only satisfactory (79%). CONCLUSION: A systematic diagnostic strategy...

Safety, feasibility, and results of exercise testing for stratifying patients with chest pain in the emergency room

Macaciel,Renato Machado; Mesquita,Evandro Tinoco; Vivacqua,Ricardo; Serra,Salvador; Campos,Augusta; Miranda,Marcelo; Gamarski,Roberto; Dohman,Hans; Bassan,Roberto
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
OBJECTIVE: To assess safety, feasibility, and the results of early exercise testing in patients with chest pain admitted to the emergency room of the chest pain unit, in whom acute myocardial infarction and high-risk unstable angina had been ruled out. METHODS: A study including 1060 consecutive patients with chest pain admitted to the emergency room of the chest pain unit was carried out. Of them, 677 (64%) patients were eligible for exercise testing, but only 268 (40%) underwent the test. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients studied was 51.7±12.1 years, and 188 (70%) were males. Twenty-eight (10%) patients had a previous history of coronary artery disease, 244 (91%) had a normal or unspecific electrocardiogram, and 150 (56%) underwent exercise testing within a 12-hour interval. The results of the exercise test in the latter group were as follows: 34 (13%) were positive, 191 (71%) were negative, and 43 (16%) were inconclusive. In the group of patients with a positive exercise test, 21 (62%) underwent coronary angiography, 11 underwent angioplasty, and 2 underwent myocardial revascularization. In a univariate analysis, type A/B chest pain (definitely/probably anginal) (p<0.0001), previous coronary artery disease (p<0.0001), and route 2 (patients at higher risk) correlated with a positive or inconclusive test (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: In patients with chest pain and in whom acute myocardial infarction and high-risk unstable angina had been ruled out...

Quality of continuous chest compressions performed for one or two minutes

Gianotto-Oliveira,Renan; Gianotto-Oliveira,Gustavo; Gonzalez,Maria Margarita; Quilici,Ana Paula; Andrade,Felipe Passos; Vianna,Caio Brito; Timerman,Sergio
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality and rescuer fatigue when rescuers perform one or two minutes of continuous chest compressions. METHODS: This prospective crossover study included 148 lay rescuers who were continuously trained in a cardiopulmonary resuscitation course. The subjects underwent a 120-min training program comprising continuous chest compressions. After the course, half of the volunteers performed one minute of continuous chest compressions, and the others performed two minutes, both on a manikin model. After 30 minutes, the volunteers who had previously performed one minute now performed two minutes on the same manikin and vice versa. RESULTS: A comparison of continuous chest compressions performed for one and two minutes, respectively, showed that there were significant differences in the average rate of compressions per minute (121 vs. 124), the percentage of compressions of appropriate depth (76% vs. 54%), the average depth (53 vs. 47 mm), and the number of compressions with no errors (62 vs. 47%). No parameters were significantly different when comparing participants who performed regular physical activity with those who did not and participants who had a normal body mass index with overweight/obese participants. CONCLUSION: The quality of continuous chest compressions by lay rescuers is superior when it is performed for one minute rather than for two minutes...

Analysis of acoustic frequency and wave amplitude generated by the Oscillatory Thoracic Thixotropic Device (Diottix(r)) in human chest

Manzano,Roberta Munhoz; Santos,Rodrigo Leonel Dos; Alcântara,José Roberto de; Albino,Daniel Donaire; Borghi-Silva,Audrey; Ambrozin,Alexandre Ricardo Pepe
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.66%
Diottix(r) was calibrated at 25 Hz to achieve the frequency indicated in literature as being effective to mobilize the airways secretions. However, the amplitude and frequency of the waves generated by the equipment in different regions of the chest still need to be investigated. The objective of this study was to analyze the frequency and amplitude of waves generated by Diottix(r) in chests of healthy subjects. Diottix(r) was used in the anterior and posterior regions of the chest. The mechanical waves were captured using stethoscopes connected to electret microphones, which were connected to a digital oscilloscope. Frequency and amplitude data were recorded by the stethoscope, positioned in six points in the anterior region and six in the posterior region of the chest, following the positions commonly used in pulmonary auscultation. Signals were recorded and transferred to a computer with software for their analysis. The frequency of waves did not present a significant change (from 24.9 to 26.4 Hz). The wave amplitude in the anterior versus the posterior region in each area of the lung, the upper, middle and lower, had differences. Diottix(r) produces frequencies in the chest according to the calibrated; thus, it can be a complementary resource to bronchial hygiene maneuvers. The amplitudes of waves seem to be affected by other structures like bone parts and heart.

Approach to Outcome Measurement in the Prevention of Thrombosis in Surgical and Medical Patients: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines

Guyatt, Gordon H.; Eikelboom, John W.; Gould, Michael K.; Garcia, David A.; Crowther, Mark; Murad, M. Hassan; Kahn, Susan R.; Falck-Ytter, Yngve; Francis, Charles W.; Lansberg, Maarten G.; Akl, Elie A.; Hirsh, Jack
Fonte: American College of Chest Physicians Publicador: American College of Chest Physicians
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2012 EN
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46.53%
This article provides the rationale for the approach to making recommendations primarily used in four articles of the Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines: orthopedic surgery, nonorthopedic surgery, nonsurgical patients, and stroke. Some of the early clinical trials of antithrombotic prophylaxis with a placebo or no treatment group used symptomatic VTE and fatal PE to measure efficacy of the treatment. These trials suggest a benefit of thromboprophylaxis in reducing fatal PE. In contrast, most of the recent clinical trials comparing the efficacy of alternative anticoagulants used a surrogate outcome, asymptomatic DVT detected at mandatory venography. This outcome is fundamentally unsatisfactory because it does not allow a trade-off with serious bleeding; that trade-off requires knowledge of the number of symptomatic events that thromboprophylaxis prevents. In this article, we review the merits and limitations of four approaches to estimating reduction in symptomatic thrombosis: (1) direct measurement of symptomatic thrombosis, (2) use of asymptomatic events for relative risks and symptomatic events from randomized controlled trials for baseline risk...

Introduction to the Ninth Edition: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines

Guyatt, Gordon H.; Akl, Elie A.; Crowther, Mark; Schünemann, Holger J.; Gutterman, David D.; Zelman Lewis, Sandra
Fonte: American College of Chest Physicians Publicador: American College of Chest Physicians
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2012 EN
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46.53%
The Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines differs substantially from the prior versions both in process and in content. In this introduction, we describe some of the differences and the rationale for the changes.

Resource Utilization Reduction for Evaluation of Chest Pain in Pediatrics Using a Novel Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan (SCAMP)

Verghese, George Rohin; Friedman, Kevin G.; Rathod, Rahul; Meiri, Amir; Saleeb, Susan; Graham, Dionne Alicbusan; Geggel, Robert Leslie; Fulton, David Roger
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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36.78%
Background: Chest pain is a common reason for referral to pediatric cardiologists. Although pediatric chest pain is rarely attributable to serious cardiac pathology, extensive and costly evaluation is often performed. We have implemented a standardized approach to pediatric chest pain in our pediatric cardiology clinics as part of a broader quality improvement initiative termed Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plans (SCAMPs). In this study, we evaluate the impact of a SCAMP for chest pain on practice variation and resource utilization. Methods and results: We compared demographic variables, clinical characteristics, and cardiac testing in a historical cohort (n=406) of patients presenting to our outpatient division for initial evaluation of chest pain in the most recent pre-SCAMP calendar year (2009) to patients enrolled in the chest pain SCAMP (n=364). Demographic variables including age at presentation, sex, and clinical characteristics were similar between groups. Adherence to the SCAMP algorithm for echocardiography was 84%. Practice variation decreased significantly after implementation of the SCAMP (P<0.001). The number of exercise stress tests obtained was significantly lower in the SCAMP-enrolled patients compared with the historic cohort (∼3% of patients versus 29%...

Prevalence of depression in patients with chest pain and non-obstructive coronary artery disease

Wheeler, A.; Schrader, G.; Tucker, G.; Adams, R.; Tavella, R.; Beltrame, J.
Fonte: Excerpta Medica Inc Publicador: Excerpta Medica Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
Many studies have demonstrated the prevalence of depression in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but few have examined this relation in those with chest pain who do not have obstructive CAD on angiography. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of depression amongst patients with chest pain in the presence or absence of obstructive CAD and a healthy control group without chest pain. This prospectively designed, observational cohort study used 2 independent data sets: (1) The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Coronary Angiogram Database (n = 1,144), consisting of 819 patients with obstructive CAD and 325 patients with nonobstructive CAD (NoCAD), all of whom had chest pain and (2) the North West Adelaide Health Study (NWAHS; n = 3,168), a population-based biomedical cohort, from which patients with chest pain were excluded. The presence of depression was determined by a previously validated method using the Short Form 36. The prevalence of depression differed among the 3 groups, with 63% in those with NoCAD, 53% in those with CAD, and only 24% in the healthy NWAHS cohort. Analysis of the angiography cohort revealed age, gender, antidepressant medication, previous myocardial infarction, previous airway disease, Short Form 36 physical summary score...

Functional exercise capacity, lung function and chest wall deformity in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Sperandio,Evandro Fornias; Vidotto,Milena Carlos; Alexandre,Anderson Sales; Yi,Liu Chiao; Gotfryd,Alberto Ofenhejm; Dourado,Victor Zuniga
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
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AbstractIntroduction The adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) causes changes on the compliance of the chest. These changes may be associated with impaired lung function and reduced functional exercise capacity of these adolescents. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between functional exercise capacity, lung function and geometry of the chest at different stages of AIS.Materials and methods The study was carried out in a cross-sectional design which were evaluated 27 AIS patients at different stages of the disease. For chest wall evaluation, were created geometry angles/distances (A/D), which were quantified by Software Postural Assessment. The functional exercise capacity was assessed by a portable gas analyzer during the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT). Besides that, manovacuometry and spirometry were also performed.Results Linear regressions showed that oxygen uptake (peak VO2) was correlated with distance travelled in the ISWT (R2 = 0.52), maximal respiratory pressures, cough peak flow (R2 = 0.59) and some thoracic deformity markers (D1, D2 and A6).Discussion We observed that the chest wall alterations, lung function and respiratory muscle strength are related to the functional exercise capacity and may impair the physical activity performance in AIS patients.Final considerations There is correlation between functional exercise capacity...

Use of the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) in a cardiac emergency room: chest pain unit

Soares-Filho,Gastão L. F.; Freire,Rafael C.; Biancha,Karla; Pacheco,Ticiana; Volschan,André; Valença,Alexandre M.; Nardi,Antonio E.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2009 EN
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients complaining of chest pain who seek a chest pain unit attendance. INTRODUCTION: Patients arriving at a Chest Pain Unit may present psychiatric disorders not identified, isolated or co-morbid to the main illness, which may interfere in the patient prognosis. METHODOLOGY: Patients were assessed by the "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale" as a screening instrument wile following a systematized protocol to rule out the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and other potentially fatal diseases. Patients with 8 or more points in the scale were considered "probable case" of anxiety or depression. RESULTS: According to the protocol, 59 (45.4%) of 130 patients studied presented Chest Pain of Determined Cause, and 71 (54.6%) presented Chest Pain of Indefinite Cause. In the former group, in which 43 (33.1%) had acute coronary syndrome, 33.9% were probable anxiety cases and 30.5% depression cases. In the second group, formed by patients without acute coronary syndrome or any clinical conditions involving greater morbidity and mortality risk, 53.5% were probable anxiety cases and 25.4% depression. CONCLUSION: The high anxiety and depression prevalence observed may indicate the need for early and specialized approach to these disorders. When coronary arterial disease is present...

Estudio manométrico del esófago en pacientes con dolor torácico no cardíaco; Esophageal manometry in patients with non cardiac chest pain

Henríquez, Ana; Csendes Juhasz, Attila; Rencoret, Guillermo
Fonte: Universidade do Chile Publicador: Universidade do Chile
Tipo: Artículo de revista
ES
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36.66%
Background: Non cardiac chest pain can be caused by esophageal problems such as gastroesophageal reflux or smooth muscle motor disorders. Aim: To perform esophageal manometry in patients with non cardiac chest pain. Material and methods: One hundred patients with chest pain in whom coronary problems were discarded, were studied. A computerized esophageal manometry was performed in all and 24 hours esophageal pH measurement was done in 21 patients. Results: Esophageal manometry was normal in eight patients. Nutcracker esophagus was the most common finding, in 36 patients. Twenty eight had a hypotensive sphincter, 16 had unspecific motor disorders, nine had diffuse esophageal spasm, two had a non achalasic esophageal aperistalsis and one had a hypertensive sphincter. Conclusions: Only eight of 100 patients referred to esophageal manometry for non cardiac chest pain, had a normal study.

Use of the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) in a cardiac emergency room: chest pain unit

Soares-Filho, Gastão L. F.; Freire, Rafael C.; Biancha, Karla; Pacheco, Ticiana; Volschan, André; Valença, Alexandre M.; Nardi, Antonio E.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.7%
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients complaining of chest pain who seek a chest pain unit attendance. INTRODUCTION: Patients arriving at a Chest Pain Unit may present psychiatric disorders not identified, isolated or co-morbid to the main illness, which may interfere in the patient prognosis. METHODOLOGY: Patients were assessed by the "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale" as a screening instrument wile following a systematized protocol to rule out the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and other potentially fatal diseases. Patients with 8 or more points in the scale were considered "probable case" of anxiety or depression. RESULTS: According to the protocol, 59 (45.4%) of 130 patients studied presented Chest Pain of Determined Cause, and 71 (54.6%) presented Chest Pain of Indefinite Cause. In the former group, in which 43 (33.1%) had acute coronary syndrome, 33.9% were probable anxiety cases and 30.5% depression cases. In the second group, formed by patients without acute coronary syndrome or any clinical conditions involving greater morbidity and mortality risk, 53.5% were probable anxiety cases and 25.4% depression. CONCLUSION: The high anxiety and depression prevalence observed may indicate the need for early and specialized approach to these disorders. When coronary arterial disease is present...

Role of stationary esophageal manometry in clinical practice: Manometric results in patients with gastroesophageal reflux, dysphagia or non-cardiac chest pain

Ciriza de los Ríos,C.; García Menéndez,L.; Díez Hernández,A.; Delgado Gómez,M.; Fernández Eroles,A. L.; Vega Fernández,A.; San Sebastián,A. I.; Romero Arauzo,M. J.
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2004 ENG
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36.7%
The present study was carried out to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of stationary esophageal manometry in 263 patients divided into three groups: 150 patients with reflux symptoms, 68 with dysphagia, and 45 with non-cardiac chest pain. Patients with endoscopic abnormalities were excluded. Standard manometry was performed following the station pull-through technique. In the group of patients with reflux symptoms 40.7% had a normal manometry and 57.3% had abnormalities, being the most frequent (43%) hypotensive lower esophageal sphincter. In the dysphagia group, 20.6% of manometries were normal and 79.4% were abnormal, of which achalasia was the most frequent disorder (53.7%). In the case of non-cardiac chest pain, 42.2% of patients had a normal manometry and 57.8% an abnormal one, of which hypotensive lower esophageal sphincter was the most frequent abnormality. A significant higher proportion of manometric alterations were found in the dysphagia group compared to reflux symptoms and non-cardiac chest pain (p < 0.05). No statistical differences were found between the reflux and the non-cardiac chest pain groups. Manometry yields a higher diagnostic value in patients with dysphagia, and therefore manometry should be performed routinely after the exclusion of any organic esophageal disease. Manometry is not a first-choice functional diagnostic test in the study of patirnts with gastroesophageal reflux or non-cardiac chest pain.

Role of routine chest radiographs in the evaluation of patients with stable blunt chest trauma: a prospective analysis

Myint,KS; French,S; Williams-Johnson,J; Williams,E; Johnson,P; Reid,MO; Gordon-Strachan,G
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
OBJECTIVE: The study sought to assess the test performance characteristics of clinical judgement in the evaluation of stable blunt chest trauma patients compared with chest radiography (CXR) in the determination of significant intra-thoracic injury. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled all adult patients (older than 16 years) who were considered to have stable blunt chest trauma over a six-month period (May 1-October 31, 2009). We defined the latter as patients who were unintubated, normotensive (systolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg) and without hypoxia (oxygen saturation > 95% at room air). Patients eligible for the study were sent for anteroposterior (AP) CXRs which were then interpreted by the same consultant radiologist throughout the study period. Both test (clinical judgement) and disease status (CXR) were assigned and correlated as binary measures. We compared the test performance characteristics such as sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and diagnostic likelihood ratios of clinical judgement to CXR findings in the determination of significant intra-thoracic injury. RESULTS: During the six-month period, data were collected from 77 eligible stable blunt chest trauma patients (age over 16 years). Fifty-nine patients (76.6%) were male. Nine patients (11.7%) were radiologically confirmed to have significant blunt chest injuries including rib fractures...