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Cellulolytic bacteria from soils in harsh environments

Soares, Fabio Lino, Jr.; Melo, Itamar Soares; Franco Dias, Armando Cavalcante; Andreote, Fernando Dini
Fonte: SPRINGER; NEW YORK Publicador: SPRINGER; NEW YORK
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
It is believed that the exposure of organisms to harsh climate conditions may select for differential enzymatic activities, making the surviving organisms a very promising source for bioprospecting. Soil bacteria play an important role in degradation of organic matter, which is mostly due to their ability to decompose cellulose-based materials. This work focuses on the isolation and identification of cellulolytic bacteria from soil found in two environments with stressful climate conditions (Antarctica and the Brazilian semi-arid caatinga). Cellulolytic bacteria were selected using enrichments at high and low temperatures (4 or 60A degrees C) in liquid media (trypic soy broth-TSB and minimum salt medium-MM) supplemented with cellulose (1%). Many of the isolates (119 out of 254-46.9%) displayed the ability to degrade carboxymethyl-cellulose, indicating the presence of endoglucolytic activity, while only a minority of these isolates (23 out of 254-9.1%) showed exoglucolytic activity (degradation of avicel). The obtained isolates revealed a preferential endoglucolytic activity according to the temperature of enrichments. Also, the identification of some isolates by partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that the Bacteroidetes (e.g....

Bioprospecção e caracterização de microrganismos endofíticos de isolados de sementes de guaranazeiro e o controle da antracnose (Colletotrichum spp.); Bioprospection and characterization of endophytic microorganisms isolated from guarana seeds and the control of anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp.)

Silva, Maria Carolina dos Santos e
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
A cultura do guaranazeiro, (Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis) espécie nativa da região amazônica, é de grande importância para o Brasil, tanto do ponto de vista econômico quanto social. Atualmente, a comercialização do guaraná em rama (sementes torradas) é a maneira mais comumente utilizada na produção de xaropes e extratos de guaraná utilizados principalmente pelas indústrias de bebidas. O Brasil é o único produtor de guaraná no mundo, com destaque para o Estado do Amazonas e a Bahia. Entretanto, a produção de guaraná na região amazônica, centro de origem da planta, vem sendo cada vez mais afetada por condições fitossanitárias desfavoráveis, como a presença da antracnose, doença causada pelo fungo Colletotrichum spp.., que não se constitui um problema na Bahia. A finalidade da presente pesquisa foi de comparar microbiota endofítica de sementes dos dois estados na detecção de possíveis causas que poderiam explicar as diferenças de sanidade, além de procurar uma alternativa sustentável para a utilização de microrganismos endofíticos, que vivem no interior dos tecidos vegetais, e tem sido descritos como agentes de controle biológico de doenças através de vários mecanismos, dentre eles a produção de enzimas líticas. Assim...

Efeitos de diferentes níveis de concentrado, tipos de carboidratos não fibrosos e digestibilidade da fibra sobre o ecossistema ruminal; Effects of different concentrate levels, types of non-fiber carbohydrates and fiber digestibility on the rumen ecosystem

Souza, Johnny Maciel de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/06/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.68%
Objetivou-se com o presente estudo caracterizar as mudanças na população bacteriana ruminal, ocasionadas pelo aumento de concentrado na dieta, utilização de diferentes fontes de CNF e volumosos com diferentes digestibilidades da fibra. Para tanto, foram coletadas amostras de líquido ruminal, para posterior quantificação relativa de bactérias ruminais, oriundas de quatro projetos de pesquisa conduzidos no Laboratório de Pesquisa em Gado de Corte, pela FMVZ/USP - Pirassununga-SP. Em todos os experimentos, foram utilizados animais da raça Nelore, castrados e canulados no rúmen, em delineamento experimental de quadrado latino. Foi realizada uma quantificação relativa através da técnica de qPCR de três bactérias celulolíticas (Fibrobacter succinogenes, Ruminococcus albus e Ruminococcus flavefaciens), duas amilolíticas (Streptococcus bovis e Ruminobacter amylophilus), e uma consumidora de lactato (Megasphaera elsdenii), para determinação do efeito da dieta sobre a população de microrganismos ruminais. No Experimento 1, as dietas experimentais foram formuladas com dois níveis de concentrado: 60% ou 80%, sendo que o volumoso utilizado foi silagem de cana-de-açúcar (variedade IACSP 93-3046). Dentro de cada nível de inclusão de concentrado...

Biodiversidade funcional da microbiota e promoção de crescimento de plantas de alface por Pseudomonas spp. fluorescentes em substrato solarizado; Microbial functional biodiversity and lettuce growth promotion by rhizobacteria in solarized substrate

Vanessa Polon Donzeli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/01/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
A solarização do solo vem se destacando como um método promissor para o controle de fitopatógenos; no entanto, as mudanças nas populações e atividades microbianas após o processo de solarização são ainda pouco estudadas. O presente trabalho teve como objetivos: estudar parte da comunidade e atividades microbianas em solo solarizado em comparação a solo não solarizado; selecionar isolados de rizobactérias promotoras de crescimento em alface em substrato comercial, visando à produção de mudas, e verificar os possíveis benefícios da solarização do solo à promoção de crescimento de plantas de alface por esses isolados microbianos. Para a avaliação do efeito da solarização sobre a microbiota do solo, os tratamentos foram: solarização em coletor solar (substrato solarizado e não solarizado) e amostragens no tempo (0, 30, 60, 90 e 120 dias após a solarização). As parcelas foram vasos com 2L de substrato (mistura de solo e substrato orgânico cama-de-frango), mantidos com plantas da variedade de alface crespa Verônica. Os parâmetros avaliados foram: carbono, nitrogênio e relação entre C e N da biomassa microbiana; liberação de CO2; quociente metabólico; microrganismos amonificadores, nitrificadores...

Investigação do potencial celulolítico de bactérias oriundas de processo de compostagem; Investigation of the cellulolytic potential of bacteria from the composting process

Giselle Kobata Kimura
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/01/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
Bactérias e fungos têm sido largamente explorados devido às suas habilidades em produzir uma grande variedade de enzimas, entre elas, as celulases que se destacam devido ao seu potencial em degradar materiais lignocelulósicos em açúcares fermentáveis, que podem então ser convertidos, por exemplo, em biocombustíveis. O presente trabalho visou a bioprospecção de bactérias isoladas a partir do processo de compostagem realizado pela Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo (FPZSP), quanto à produção de enzimas celulolíticas, além da caracterização taxonômica das linhagens de interesse. Para tanto, os micro-organismos oriundos do processo de compostagem da FPZSP foram isolados, preservados e caracterizados macroscopicamente. Dentre as linhagens isoladas, 168 foram testadas numa triagem qualitativa para a produção de celulases, obtendo-se 135 micro-organismos com potencial celulolítico evidenciado pela formação de halos de hidrólise em meio de cultura contendo carboximetilcelulose. Destes, 10 linhagens apresentaram halos translúcidos com diâmetros entre 1,3 cm e 1,9 cm, as quais foram avaliadas quanto a atividade celulotíca em ensaios quantitativos monitorados durante 7 dias, em duas condições de pH distintas: 4...

Assessment of cellulolytic microorganisms in soils of Nevados Park, Colombia

Avellaneda-Torres,Lizeth Manuela; Pulido,Claudia Patricia Guevara; Rojas,Esperanza Torres
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
A systematized survey was conducted to find soil-borne microbes that degrade cellulose in soils from unique ecosystems, such as the Superpáramo, Páramo, and the High Andean Forest in the Nevados National Natural Park (NNNP), Colombia. These high mountain ecosystems represent extreme environments, such as high levels of solar radiation, low atmospheric pressure, and extreme daily changes in temperature. Cellulolytic activity of the microorganisms was evaluated using qualitative tests, such as growth in selective media followed by staining with congo red and iodine, and quantitative tests to determine the activity of endoglucanase, β-glucosidase, exoglucanase, and total cellulase. Microorganisms were identified using molecular markers, such as the 16S rRNA gene for bacteria and the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) of ribosomal DNA for fungi. Multivariate statistical analysis (MVA) was used to select microorganisms with high cellulolytic capacity. A total of 108 microorganisms were isolated from the soils and, in general, the enzymatic activities of fungi were higher than those of bacteria. Our results also found that none of the organisms studied were able to degrade all the components of the cellulose and it is therefore suggested that a combination of bacteria and/or fungi with various enzymatic activities be used to obtain high total cellulolytic activity. This study gives an overview of the potential microorganism that could be used for cellulose degradation in various biotechnological applications and for sustainable agricultural waste treatment.

Microbial Cellulose Utilization: Fundamentals and Biotechnology

Lynd, Lee R.; Weimer, Paul J.; van Zyl, Willem H.; Pretorius, Isak S.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.59%
Fundamental features of microbial cellulose utilization are examined at successively higher levels of aggregation encompassing the structure and composition of cellulosic biomass, taxonomic diversity, cellulase enzyme systems, molecular biology of cellulase enzymes, physiology of cellulolytic microorganisms, ecological aspects of cellulase-degrading communities, and rate-limiting factors in nature. The methodological basis for studying microbial cellulose utilization is considered relative to quantification of cells and enzymes in the presence of solid substrates as well as apparatus and analysis for cellulose-grown continuous cultures. Quantitative description of cellulose hydrolysis is addressed with respect to adsorption of cellulase enzymes, rates of enzymatic hydrolysis, bioenergetics of microbial cellulose utilization, kinetics of microbial cellulose utilization, and contrasting features compared to soluble substrate kinetics. A biological perspective on processing cellulosic biomass is presented, including features of pretreated substrates and alternative process configurations. Organism development is considered for “consolidated bioprocessing” (CBP), in which the production of cellulolytic enzymes, hydrolysis of biomass...

Isolation and Identification of Cellulolytic Bacteria from the Gut of Holotrichia parallela Larvae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)

Huang, Shengwei; Sheng, Ping; Zhang, Hongyu
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/02/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
In this study, 207 strains of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria were isolated from the gut of Holotrichia parallela larvae. These bacterial isolates were assigned to 21 genotypes by amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA). A partial 16S rDNA sequence analysis and standard biochemical and physiological tests were used for the assignment of the 21 representative isolates. Our results show that the cellulolytic bacterial community is dominated by the Proteobacteria (70.05%), followed by the Actinobacteria (24.15%), the Firmicutes (4.35%), and the Bacteroidetes (1.45%). At the genus level, Gram-negative bacteria including Pseudomonas, Ochrobactrum, Rhizobium, Cellulosimicrobium, and Microbacterium were the predominant groups, but members of Bacillus, Dyadobacter, Siphonobacter, Paracoccus, Kaistia, Devosia, Labrys, Ensifer, Variovorax, Shinella, Citrobacter, and Stenotrophomonas were also found. Furthermore, our results suggest that a significant amount of bacterial diversity exists among the cellulolytic bacteria, and that Siphonobacter aquaeclarae, Cellulosimicrobium funkei, Paracoccus sulfuroxidans, Ochrobactrum cytisi, Ochrobactrum haematophilum, Kaistia adipata, Devosia riboflavina, Labrys neptuniae...

A potential source for cellulolytic enzyme discovery and environmental aspects revealed through metagenomics of Brazilian mangroves

Thompson, Claudia Elizabeth; Beys-da-Silva, Walter Orlando; Santi, Lucélia; Berger, Markus; Vainstein, Marilene Henning; Guima rães, Jorge Almeida; Vasconcelos, Ana Tereza Ribeiro
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.63%
The mangroves are among the most productive and biologically important environments. The possible presence of cellulolytic enzymes and microorganisms useful for biomass degradation as well as taxonomic and functional aspects of two Brazilian mangroves were evaluated using cultivation and metagenomic approaches. From a total of 296 microorganisms with visual differences in colony morphology and growth (including bacteria, yeast and filamentous fungus), 179 (60.5%) and 117 (39.5%) were isolated from the Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and Bahia (BA) samples, respectively. RJ metagenome showed the higher number of microbial isolates, which is consistent with its most conserved state and higher diversity. The metagenomic sequencing data showed similar predominant bacterial phyla in the BA and RJ mangroves with an abundance of Proteobacteria (57.8% and 44.6%), Firmicutes (11% and 12.3%) and Actinobacteria (8.4% and 7.5%). A higher number of enzymes involved in the degradation of polycyclic aromatic compounds were found in the BA mangrove. Specific sequences involved in the cellulolytic degradation, belonging to cellulases, hemicellulases, carbohydrate binding domains, dockerins and cohesins were identified, and it was possible to isolate cultivable fungi and bacteria related to biomass decomposition and with potential applications for the production of biofuels. These results showed that the mangroves possess all fundamental molecular tools required for building the cellulosome...

Cellulolytic potential under environmental changes in microbial communities from grassland litter

Berlemont, Renaud; Allison, Steven D.; Weihe, Claudia; Lu, Ying; Brodie, Eoin L.; Martiny, Jennifer B. H.; Martiny, Adam C.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.71%
In many ecosystems, global changes are likely to profoundly affect microorganisms. In Southern California, changes in precipitation and nitrogen deposition may influence the composition and functional potential of microbial communities and their resulting ability to degrade plant material. To test whether such environmental changes impact the distribution of functional groups involved in leaf litter degradation, we determined how the genomic diversity of microbial communities in a semi-arid grassland ecosystem changed under reduced precipitation or increased N deposition. We monitored communities seasonally over a period of 2 years to place environmental change responses into the context of natural variation. Fungal and bacterial communities displayed strong seasonal patterns, Fungi being mostly detected during the dry season whereas Bacteria were common during wet periods. Most putative cellulose degraders were associated with 33 bacterial genera and predicted to constitute 18% of the microbial community. Precipitation reduction reduced bacterial abundance and cellulolytic potential whereas nitrogen addition did not affect the cellulolytic potential of the microbial community. Finally, we detected a strong correlation between the frequencies of genera of putative cellulose degraders and cellulase genes. Thus...

An Efficient and Improved Methodology for the Screening of Industrially Valuable Xylano-Pectino-Cellulolytic Microbes

Singh, Avtar; Kaur, Amanjot; Dua, Anita; Mahajan, Ritu
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.03%
Xylano-pectino-cellulolytic enzymes are valuable enzymes of the industrial sector. In our earlier study, we have reported a novel and cost effective methodology for the qualitative screening of cellulase-free xylano-pectinolytic microorganisms by replacing the commercial, highly expensive substrates with agricultural residues, but the microorganisms with xylanolytic, pectinolytic, cellulolytic, xylano-pectinolytic, xylano-cellulolytic, pectino-cellulolytic, and xylano-pectino-cellulolytic potential were obtained. The probability of getting the desired combination was low, so efforts were made to further improve this cost effective methodology for obtaining the high yield of the microbes capable of producing desired combination of enzymes. By inclusion of multiple enrichment steps in sequence, using only practically low cost substrates and without any nutrient media till primary screening stage, this improved novel protocol for screening gave only the desired microorganisms with xylano-pectino-cellulolytic activity. Using this rapid, efficient, cost effective, and improved methodology, microbes with required combination of enzymes can be obtained and the probability of getting the desired microorganisms is cent percent. This is the first report presenting the methodology for the isolation of xylano-pectino-cellulolytic positive microorganisms at low cost and consuming less time.

Assessment of cellulolytic microorganisms in soils of Nevados Park, Colombia

Avellaneda-Torres, Lizeth Manuela; Pulido, Claudia Patricia Guevara; Rojas, Esperanza Torres
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
A systematized survey was conducted to find soil-borne microbes that degrade cellulose in soils from unique ecosystems, such as the Superpáramo, Páramo, and the High Andean Forest in the Nevados National Natural Park (NNNP), Colombia. These high mountain ecosystems represent extreme environments, such as high levels of solar radiation, low atmospheric pressure, and extreme daily changes in temperature. Cellulolytic activity of the microorganisms was evaluated using qualitative tests, such as growth in selective media followed by staining with congo red and iodine, and quantitative tests to determine the activity of endoglucanase, β-glucosidase, exoglucanase, and total cellulase. Microorganisms were identified using molecular markers, such as the 16S rRNA gene for bacteria and the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) of ribosomal DNA for fungi. Multivariate statistical analysis (MVA) was used to select microorganisms with high cellulolytic capacity. A total of 108 microorganisms were isolated from the soils and, in general, the enzymatic activities of fungi were higher than those of bacteria. Our results also found that none of the organisms studied were able to degrade all the components of the cellulose and it is therefore suggested that a combination of bacteria and/or fungi with various enzymatic activities be used to obtain high total cellulolytic activity. This study gives an overview of the potential microorganism that could be used for cellulose degradation in various biotechnological applications and for sustainable agricultural waste treatment.

Isolation of cellulolytic bacteria from the intestine of Diatraea saccharalis larvae and evaluation of their capacity to degrade sugarcane biomass

Dantur, Karina I; Enrique, Ramón; Welin, Björn; Castagnaro, Atilio P
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.76%
As a strategy to find efficient lignocellulose degrading enzymes/microorganisms for sugarcane biomass pretreatment purposes, 118 culturable bacterial strains were isolated from intestines of sugarcane-fed larvae of the moth Diatraea saccharalis. All strains were tested for cellulolytic activity using soluble carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) degrading assays or by growing bacteria on sugarcane biomass as sole carbon sources. Out of the 118 strains isolated thirty eight were found to possess cellulose degrading activity and phylogenetic studies of the 16S rDNA sequence revealed that all cellulolytic strains belonged to the phyla γ-Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes. Within the three phyla, species belonging to five different genera were identified (Klebsiella, Stenotrophomonas, Microbacterium, Bacillus and Enterococcus). Bacterial growth on sugarcane biomass as well as extracellular endo-glucanase activity induced on soluble cellulose was found to be highest in species belonging to genera Bacillus and Klebsiella. Good cellulolytic activity correlated with high extracellular protein concentrations. In addition, scanning microscopy studies revealed attachment of cellulolytic strains to different sugarcane substrates. The results of this study indicate the possibility to find efficient cellulose degrading enzymes and microorganisms from intestines of insect larvae feeding on sugarcane and their possible application in industrial processing of sugarcane biomass such as second generation biofuel production.

Population, diversity and characteristics of cellulolytic microorganisms from the Indo-Burma Biodiversity hotspot

Goyari, Sailendra; Devi, Shantibala S; Kalita, Mohan C; Talukdar, Narayan C
Fonte: Springer International Publishing Publicador: Springer International Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 28/11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.98%
Forest ecosystem harbour a large number of biotic components where cellulolytic microorganisms participate actively in the biotransformation of dead and decaying organic matter and soil nutrient cycling. This study explores the aerobic culturable cellulolytic microorganisms in the forest soils of North East India. Soil samples rich in dead and decaying organic matter were collected from eight conserved forests during the season when microbes were found to be most active. Cellulolytic microorganisms were isolated using selective media in which cellulose was the sole carbon source. Population of culturable, aerobic, cellulolytic microorganisms were found to be higher at the incubation temperature that corresponds to the natural ambient temperature of the site of sample collection. Bacterial population was higher in all of the sites than fungal population. Bacterial population ranged from 1.91 × 105 to 3.35 × 106 CFU g-1 dry soil while actinomycetes and fungal population ranged from 9.13 × 102 to 3.46 × 104 CFU g-1 dry soil and 9.36 × 102 to 4.31 × 104 CFU g-1 dry soil, respectively. It was observed that though many isolates showed activity on the CMC plate assay, very few isolates showed significant filter paper activity. Three cellulolytic fungal isolates showing high FPase activity were characterised...

Cellulolytic bacteria from soils under extremes temperatures.

SOARES-JÚNIOR, F. L.; MELO, I. S. de; DIAS, A. C. F.; DINI-ANDREOTE, F.
Fonte: In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE MICROBIOLOGIA, 26., 2011, Foz do Iguaçu. Anais... Foz do Iguaçu: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia, 2011. Resumo 421-1. Publicador: In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE MICROBIOLOGIA, 26., 2011, Foz do Iguaçu. Anais... Foz do Iguaçu: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia, 2011. Resumo 421-1.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
2011

Biodegradação do bagaço de cana-de-açúcar por microrganismos ruminais de caprinos e ovinos.

GOMES, G. M. F.; VASCONCELOS, A. M. de; EGITO, A. S. do; CARNEIRO, J. da C.; FONTELES, N. L. de O.; SALLES, H. O.
Fonte: Bioscience Journal, Uberlândia, v. 31, n. 1, p. 204-214, jan./feb. 2015. Publicador: Bioscience Journal, Uberlândia, v. 31, n. 1, p. 204-214, jan./feb. 2015.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.91%
Resumo: No presente estudo objetivou-se avaliar a degradação do bagaço de cana-de-açúcar (BCA) integral (BIN) ou hidrolisado (BH) pela microbiota ruminal de caprinos e ovinos de raças naturalizadas do Nordeste brasileiro e o potencial desses animais como fontes de microrganismos e/ou enzimas celulolíticas para degradação da fibra do BCA. Para hidrólise do BCA foi utilizada uma solução de NaOH a 50%, 30% na matéria seca (MS). Foram determinadas as concentrações de MS, proteína bruta (PB), cinzas (CZ), fibra detergente neutro (FDN), fibra detergente ácido (FDA), celulose (Cel), hemicelulose (Hcel) e lignina (Lig). A degradação in situ da FDN foi determinada pela incubação ruminal em sacos de náilon do BH nos tempos: 0, 6, 24 e 96 horas. A técnica de duas etapas preconizada por Tilley e Terry foi utilizada para determinar a digestibilidade in vitro da MS (DIVMS). Foi coletado conteúdo ruminal dos animais quatro horas após a infusão de 100g de BIN via fístula ruminal para a separação de microrganismos associados às fases líquida e sólida, utilizando tampão fosfato de sódio 50 mM, pH 6,9. A fração sólida foi submetida ao cultivo in vitro com o substrato BIN, por 96 horas, para determinação da taxa de degradação da MS...

Seleção de microrganismos endofíticos com potencialidades para a biorremediação de ambientes contaminados com hidrocarbonetos de petróleo e/ou derivados; Selection of endophytic microorganisms for biorremediation in impacted soils with petroleum hydrocarbons and derivates

OLIVEIRA, Natalia Carvalhaes de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Medicina Tropical; Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Medicina Tropical; Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
Endophytic microorganisms live inside plants showing no apparently damage for the host, often assisting in survival of plants, helping its growth with production of phytohormones, phosphates solubilization, nitrogen fixation and enzymes production, or they can metabolize organic contaminants, like petroleum and derivates. This work aimed to isolated and identified endophytic microorganisms of plants present in impacted areas, as well as test their ability in petroleum and its derivatives degradation, identify bacteriocin production, to test their nitrogen fixation capability, phosphate solubilization, indol-acetic acid (IAA) and enzymes production. Plant samples were collected, in an area impacted with asphaltic and mud, were superficially disinfected using 70% ethanol, sodium hypochlorite and sterile distilled water. After macerated and fragmented, the samples were incubated at 30°C for about 72 hours, when growth of microorganisms was observed in culture media: Nutrient Agar, TSA (Tryptone Soya Agar) and King medium. The verification of petroleum and derivatives degradation capacity was performed in ELISA plates, exposing the bacteria to a solution of Minimal Medium, the dye DCPIP solution (2,6-dicloroindofenol sodium salt) and petroleum or derivative tested (burning oil...

Degradação de resíduos sólidos agrícolas por microrganismos isolados de bagaço de cana e seu percolado, e de efluentes de agroindústria.; Degradation of agricultural solid Wastes by microorganisms isolated from sugarcane bagasse, and its percolated, and of effluents from agri-industry.

Silva, Kelly Fernanda Seára da
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Química; Biotecnologia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química e Biotecnologia; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Química; Biotecnologia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química e Biotecnologia; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
Brazil occupies a place of prominence in the productive sector, as well as in the exploitation of agricultural waste, from sugar cane. This use is a fairly widespread practice, both for effluents, mainly vinasse, but also for solid residues, such as filter-cake and bagasse from sugar cane. Thus, at the start of the 2005/06 harvest, samples were collected from residual waters of the S.T.E. (Station for the treatment of effluents), bagasse and from the filtrate liquid (percolate) from bagasse that was accumulated since the 2004/05 harvest, from the industrial processing of sugar cane in S.A. Usina Coruripe Açúcar e Álcool . The target was the isolation of microorganisms that produce extracellular enzymes able to degrade cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin phenols. There were originally 42 microorganisms isolated, of which 31 were screened for the verification of the production of these and other enzymes, as well as for their morphobiochemistry identification. From these, 29 were identified, with the predominance of the genera Flavobacterium, Chromobaterium and Achromobacter. The other bacterial isolates belong to the genus Corynebacterium, Aeromonas., Bacillus, Clostridium, Citrobacter, Nocardia, Kurthia, Mycobacterium, Serratia...

Degradação de resíduos sólidos agrícolas por microrganismos isolados de bagaço de cana e seu percolado, e de efluentes de agroindústria.; Degradation of agricultural solid Wastes by microorganisms isolated from sugarcane bagasse, and its percolated, and of effluents from agri-industry.

Silva, Kelly Fernanda Seára da
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Química; Biotecnologia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química e Biotecnologia; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Química; Biotecnologia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química e Biotecnologia; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
Brazil occupies a place of prominence in the productive sector, as well as in the exploitation of agricultural waste, from sugar cane. This use is a fairly widespread practice, both for effluents, mainly vinasse, but also for solid residues, such as filter-cake and bagasse from sugar cane. Thus, at the start of the 2005/06 harvest, samples were collected from residual waters of the S.T.E. (Station for the treatment of effluents), bagasse and from the filtrate liquid (percolate) from bagasse that was accumulated since the 2004/05 harvest, from the industrial processing of sugar cane in S.A. Usina Coruripe Açúcar e Álcool . The target was the isolation of microorganisms that produce extracellular enzymes able to degrade cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin phenols. There were originally 42 microorganisms isolated, of which 31 were screened for the verification of the production of these and other enzymes, as well as for their morphobiochemistry identification. From these, 29 were identified, with the predominance of the genera Flavobacterium, Chromobaterium and Achromobacter. The other bacterial isolates belong to the genus Corynebacterium, Aeromonas., Bacillus, Clostridium, Citrobacter, Nocardia, Kurthia, Mycobacterium, Serratia...

Avaliação da atividade de microrganismos do solo em diferentes sistemas de manejo de soja; Evaluation of nitrogen fixation and soil microorganisms in soybean under conventional and minimal cultivation regimes

Castro, O.M. de; Prado, H. do; Severo, A.C.R.; Cardoso, E.J.B.N.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/1993 POR
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Para avaliar o efeito do manejo do solo e de culturas sobre a atividade de Bradyrhizobium japonicum e de outros microrganismos importantes na ciclagem de nutrientes do solo, montou-se um experimento em casa de vegetação utilizando solo de um ensaio de campo com sistemas de manejo de resíduos e preparo bem distintos, como plantio direto e preparo convencional com arado de discos e diferentes rotações de cultura. O solo é um latossolo roxo distrófico, A moderado, textura argilosa. As culturas utilizadas no ensaio de campo foram soja contínua e em rotação com milho, sempre após aveia preta e Crolalaria juncea no outono-inverno, perfazendo portanto oito sistemas de manejo. Como testemunha, utilizou-se o solo de uma mata localizada próxima do experimento de campo. Prepararam-se seis vasos com solo de cada tratamento, sendo que em três foi semeada soja com sementes inoculadas com B. japonicum e nos outros três soja sem inoculação. No início do florescimento fez-se a colheita das plantas para análise de N na parte aérea, determinação dos nódulos e micorrização. Em amostras de solo de todos os tratamentos, guardadas em geladeira, fez-se a quantificação de bactérias e fungos totais, bem como de microrganismos celulolíticos...