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Tratamento cirúrgico de teratoma intrapericárdico em lactente; Intrapericardic surgical treatment of teratoma in infant

JATENE, Marcelo Biscegli; ABUCHAIM, Décio; MARTINS, Luciana; BARBERO-MARCIAL, Miguel
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Relatório
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.68%
Os tumores cardíacos intrapericárdicos são pouco freqüentes, porém, as manifestações clínicas podem ser graves, até com sintomas de baixo débito ou choque cardiogênico, dependendo da localização do tumor. Relatamos o caso de um lactente com três meses de idade, que apresentou na evolução choque cardiogênico, em decorrência de um tumor intrapericárdico, comprimindo o átrio direito e a veia cava superior. Indicada operação de urgência para ressecção da massa tumoral, apresentou adequada evolução até seis meses de pós-operatório.; The intrapericardic cardiac tumors are infrequent; however, the clinical manifestations can be serious, even with symptoms of low cardiac output or cardiogenic shock, depending on the localization of the tumor. We report the case of a 3-month-old infant who progressed to cardiogenic shock due to an intrapericardic tumor compressing the right atrium and the vena cava superior. Emergent surgery for resection of the tumor mass was recommended. The patient had a 6-month uneventful postoperative course.

Estudo prospectivo e randomizado de profilaxia antimicrobiana para procedimentos cirúrgicos em estimulação cardíaca artificial; Prospective and randomized trial of antibiotic prophylaxis for cardiac stimulation surgical procedures

Oliveira, Júlio César de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/09/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.78%
O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da administração prévia de antibiótico na incidência de complicações infecciosas em procedimentos de estimulação cardíaca artificial. Os pacientes foram selecionados em um estudo duplo-cego e randomizado (1:1). Grupo I Cefazolina (1,0g dose única) versus grupo II placebo. O comitê de segurança interrompeu o estudo após a inclusão de 649 pacientes devido à diferença entre os grupos (group I 314; grupo II 335 pacientes) em favor do uso de antibiótico: 2 infectados (0,63%) versus 11 infectados no grupo placebo (3,28%); p=0,016. Marcadores identificados por análise univariada: não uso de antibiótico; procedimentos de implantes (versus trocas); hematoma pós-operatório e duração do procedimento. O não uso de antibiótico e hematoma pós-operatório foram significantes em análise multivariada; The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the previous venous antibiotic administration in the incidence of infectious complications in cardiac stimulation surgical procedures. Patients were selected in a double blind, randomized (1:1) trial. Group I Cefazolin (1,0g one dose) versus group II placebo. The security committee interrupted the trial after inclusion of 649 patients due to differences between groups (group I 314; group II 335 patients) in favor of the antibiotic arm: 2 infected patients (0...

Fatores de risco pré-operatórios para o desenvolvimento de Insuficiência Renal Aguda em cirurgia cardíaca

Kochi, Ana Claudia; Martins, Antonio Sérgio; Balbi, André Luís; Moraes e Silva, Marcos Augusto de; Lima, Maria Cristina Pereira; Martins, Luís Cuadrado; Andrade, Rubens Ramos de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 33-40
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.77%
OBJETIVO:Avaliar os fatores de risco clínicos pré-cirurgicos para o desenvolvimento de Insuficiência Renal Aguda (IRA) em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. MÉTODO: Foram estudados, de modo prospectivo, 150 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca, durante 21 meses consecutivos, havendo um leve predomínio de homens (57%), idade média de 56 ± 15 anos, sendo que 66% apresentavam insuficiência coronariana como principal diagnóstico e 34% valvulopatias. A mediana da creatinina sérica no período pré-operatório foi de 1,1 mg/dl. IRA foi definida como elevação de 30% da creatinina sérica basal. O protocolo de variáveis clínicas teve seu preenchimento iniciado 48 horas antes do procedimento cirúrgico e encerrado 48 horas após o mesmo, incluindo variáveis cardiológicas e não-cardiológicas, além de resultados laboratoriais. RESULTADOS: A IRA esteve presente em 34% dos casos. Após análise multivariada, presença de doença vascular periférica foi fator pré-operatório identificado. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados obtidos nesse estudo permitiram sinalizar alguns fatores contributivos para o desenvolvimento de IRA em cirurgia cardíaca, o que pode possibilitar condutas clínicas simples para evitar a disfunção renal nestas situações e...

Fisioterapia respiratória e sua aplicabilidade no período pré-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca

Miranda, Regina Coeli Vasques de; Padulla, Susimary Aparecida Trevizan; Bortolatto, Carolina Rodrigues
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 647-652
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.77%
Procedimentos cirúrgicos torácicos podem alterar a mecânica respiratória, repercutindo na função pulmonar. A presença de profissionais fisioterapeutas é fundamental no preparo e na reabilitação dos indivíduos que são submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca, visto que dispõem de um grande arsenal de técnicas. O objetivo foi verificar a efetividade de exercícios respiratórios, com e sem a utilização de dispositivos, e o treinamento muscular respiratório pré-cirurgia cardíaca na redução das complicações pulmonares pós-operatórias. Mesmo existindo controvérsias a respeito de qual técnica utilizar, estudos demonstram a eficácia da fisioterapia respiratória pré-cirúrgica na prevenção e na redução de complicações pulmonares pós-operatórias.; Cardiac surgical procedures change respiratory mechanics, defecting in lung dysfunction. The physical therapists play an important role in the preparation and rehabilitation of individuals who are undergoing cardiac surgery, as they have a large quantity of techniques. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of breathing exercises with and without the use of devices, and respiratory muscle training in preoperative period of cardiac surgery in reducing postoperative pulmonary complications. Although there are controversies as to which technique to use...

Sildenafil for pulmonary hypertension treatment after cardiac surgery

Bentlin, Maria Regina; Saito, Adriana; De Luca, Ana Karina C.; Bossolan, Grasiela; Bonatto, Rossano C.; Martins, Antonio S.; Rugolo, Ligia M. S. S.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 175-178
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.62%
Objective: To report on the use of sildenafil for pulmonary hypertension treatment of a newborn patient after cardiac surgery. Description: A female, full term newborn infant with diagnosis of double outlet right ventricle, pulmonary hypoplasia and subaortic ventricular septal defect, was submitted to Blalock surgery in the first week of life. In postoperative the newborn had pulmonary hypertension and persistent hypoxia, without response to nitric oxide, but with improved oxygenation after continuous intravenous infusion of prostaglandin E1. After several failed attempts to discontinue prostaglandin E1, oral sildenafil was used. There was a decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance with consequent oxygenation improvement and 48 hours later it was possible to discontinue prostaglandin E1 infusion. Comments: Sildenafil can be an alternative therapy for pulmonary hypertension, especially when there is no response to conventional therapy. Copyright © 2005 by Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria.

Troponina I cardiaca como marcador de risco para fibrilação atrial no pos-operatorio imediato de pacientes submetidos a revascularização miocardica; Cardiac troponin I as a risk marker for atrial fibrillation in the early follo-up of patoents udergoing coronary artery bypass surgery

João Carlos Ferreira Leal
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/03/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
Objetivo: avaliar se há ou não associação na ocorrência de fibrilação atrial (FA) e os níveis séricos de troponina I cardíaca no pós-operatório imediato da revascularização do miocárdio (RM). Casuística e Método: estudo retrospectivo incluindo 95 pacientes submetidos à revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio, entre dezembro de 1996 a março de 1998. Os pacientes foram divididos em 2 grupos: Grupo I constituído de 25 pacientes (26,31%) com fibrilação atrial (FA); Grupo II constituído de 70 pacientes (73,69%) sem FA. As variáveis avaliadas foram: tempos de circulação extracorpórea (CEC), pinçamento aórtico e isquemia, fração de ejeção e o diâmetro do átrio esquerdo. O ritmo cardíaco foi avaliado por monitorização contínua por exames eletrocardiográficos durante o período de internação. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à dosagens dos níveis séricos de troponina-I cardíaca no pré e pós-operatório imediato da RM pelo método de quimioluminiscência, admitindo-se como normais valores abaixo de 0,1 ng/ml. Resultados: Os grupos I e II não apresentaram diferenças significantes quanto à fração de ejeção, diâmetro do átrio esquerdo, tempos de pinçamento da aorta e de isquemia. O tempo de CEC mostrou diferença significante entre os grupos. A análise pareada dos valores séricos da troponina I cardíaca dos pacientes dos grupos I e II no pré-operatório não mostrou diferença significante...

Cardiac surgery and hypertension: a dangerous association that must be well known

Yuan,Shi-Min; Jing,Hua
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.68%
It is well-known that hypertension is a very common disease, and severe cerebrovascular accidents might occur if the blood pressure is not properly controlled. However, conditions associated with uncontrolled hypertension may be overlooked, and may become critical and eventually require a surgical intervention on an urgent basis. Coronary artery disease, acute aortic syndrome, congenital and valvular heart disease, and arrhythmias are under this topic of discussion. Of them, coronary artery disease including myocardial infarction and especially postinfarction myocardial rupture, and aortic dissection are major critical situations that physicians may encounter in clinical practice. The role that hypertension plays in these conditions can be complex, including hemodynamic, electrophysiological and biomolecular factors, where the latter may prevail in the current era. Coronary artery disease may be associated with a reduced nitric oxide synthesis. Transforming growth factor and matrix metalloproteinases have been observed in relation to aortic syndrome. Wnt, p38 and JNK signaling pathway may be involved in the development of ventricular hypertrophy responsible for cardiac arrythmias. Various gene phynotypes may present in different congenital heart defects. This article is to present these conditions...

Surgical treatment of lone atrial fibrillation by mid-sternotomy Maze procedure under standard cardiopulmonary bypass

Yuan,Shi-Min; Sternik,Leonid
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.74%
The aim of article is to give a brief description to the surgical strategies for patients with lone atrial fibrillation without associated cardiac operations, and present the possible indications of on-pump Maze procedures through a mid-sternotomy approach.

Criss-cross heart: report of two cases, anatomic and surgical description and literature review

Oliveira,Ítalo Martins de; Aiello,Vera Demarchi; Mindêllo,Marcela Maria Aguiar; Martins,Yasmin de Oliveira; Pinto Jr,Valdester Cavalcante
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.63%
Criss-cross heart is an extremely rare anomaly, characterized by an abnormal rotation of the ventricular mass along its major axis. It may be associated with any malformation of the heart segments and connections. Due to the complex structural changes and rarity of the anomaly, the rotation of ventricular axis is often misdiagnosed. In this paper, two cases of criss-cross heart are reported, with emphasis on diagnostic and surgical techniques used to corrected the main defects. A literature review on the subject is also presented which, although sparse, emphasized on the morphologic, diagnostic and surgical aspects of the anomaly.

Surgical treatment of lone atrial fibrillation

Yuan,Shi-Min; Jing,Hua; Sternik,Leonid
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
Currently, off-pump video-assisted thoracoscopic epicardial pulmonary vein isolation offers an attractive alternative to on-pump Maze procedures for surgical treatment of lone atrial fibrillation. Nevertheless, on-pump Maze procedures through a mid-sternotomy approach still play an important role in patients with lone atrial fibrillation on many occasions, especially in patients with failed percutaneous pulmonary vein alone. The aim of this article was to give a brief review of the surgical strategies for treating lone atrial fibrillation, and present the possible indications for on-pump Maze procedures through a mid-sternotomy approach.

Geographic variation in rates of selected surgical procedures within Los Angeles County.

Carlisle, D M; Valdez, R B; Shapiro, M F; Brook, R H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
OBJECTIVE. We explore the contribution of income and ethnicity to geographic variation in utilization of surgical procedures. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING. We assessed the use of eight procedures from 1986 through 1988 among residents of Los Angeles County using data from the California Discharge Dataset, the 1980 census, and other secondary sources. Procedures chosen for evaluation were coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), coronary artery angioplasty, permanent pacemaker insertion, mastectomy, simple hysterectomy, transurethral prostate resection (TURP), carotid endarterectomy, and appendectomy. STUDY DESIGN. The amount of inter-zip code variation for each procedure was first measured using various estimates including the analysis of variance coefficient of variation (CVA). Population-weighted multivariate regression analysis was used to model variation in age- and gender-adjusted rates of procedure use among 236 residential zip codes. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS. Highest-variation procedures were coronary artery angioplasty (CVA = .392) and carotid endarterectomy (CVA = .374). The procedures with the lowest degree of variation were cardiac pacemaker implantation (CVA = .194) and hysterectomy (CVA = .195). Variation was significantly related to income (carotid endarterectomy) and either African American or Latino zip code ethnicity for all procedures except pacemaker implantation. For all procedures except appendectomy...

The Application of Computers to the Measurement, Analysis, and Treatment of Patients Following Cardiac Surgical Procedures

Sheppard, Louis C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/10/1977 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.65%
For the past ten years we have been using computer based systems in the clinical care of 9000 patients during the early hours following open intracardiac operations. Automated techniques have been applied to measurement, analysis, therapy, and record keeping functions in the Cardiac Surgical Intensive Care Unit (CICU) at the University of Alabama Hospital.

Cardiac Operations for North American Children with Rheumatic Diseases: 1985–2005

Stingl, Cory; Moller, James H.; Binstadt, Bryce A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Certain pediatric rheumatic diseases are known to affect the heart, sometimes requiring surgical intervention. The Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium database was used to characterize cardiac surgical intervention among children with rheumatic diseases from 1985 to 2005. From this large database, the records for patients younger than 21 years who underwent cardiac surgery for any rheumatic disorder were extracted. The data collected included the type of procedure performed, the age at the time of the procedure, and the year the procedure was performed. The 261 pediatric patients identified underwent 361 cardiac surgical procedures for complications of rheumatic heart disease (RHD; 160 patients), neonatal lupus (NLE; 53 patients), Kawasaki disease (KD; 28 patients), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; 13 patients), and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA; 7 patients). Multiple procedures were performed for 23% of the patients. The most common procedures included pacemaker implantations among infants with NLE, coronary artery bypass grafts for KD primarily in 5- to 15-year-olds, and cardiac valve operations among adolescents with RHD, SLE, and JRA. Six perioperative deaths occurred. The proportion of annual pediatric cardiac surgical volume attributable to rheumatic diseases did not change during the period studied. Despite advances in their medical care...

Cell Salvage Is Beneficial for All Cardiac Surgical Patients: Arguments For and Against

Baker, Robert A.; Merry, Alan F.
Fonte: American Society of ExtraCorporeal Technology Publicador: American Society of ExtraCorporeal Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.73%
Extensive literature has been published evaluating the use of cell salvage in cardiac surgery. However, the most recently published blood management guidelines do not give unequivocal direction on the use of cell salvage in cardiac surgical procedures and neither do recent meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials. In part, this reflects variation in the details of how cell salvage is used, including the specific equipment chosen. Consensus on the optimal approach to cell salvage would be helpful. A well-designed, appropriately powered, multicenter study could then be carried out with one or more specified devices to evaluate the efficacy of this agreed approach to cell salvage in the cardiac surgical environment.

Effect of dietary fish oil on atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery

Farquharson, A.; Metcalf, R.; Sanders, P.; Stuklis, R.; Edwards, J.; Gibson, R.; Cleland, L.; Sullivan, T.; James, M.; Young, G.
Fonte: Excerpta Medica Inc Publicador: Excerpta Medica Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.7%
An open-label study reported that ingestion of a fish oil concentrate decreased the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. However, a general cardiac surgery population involves valve and CABG surgeries. We undertook a double-blinded randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of fish oil supplementation on the incidence of postsurgical AF after CABG and valve procedures. The primary end point was incidence of AF in the first 6 days after surgery. Two hundred patients were randomized to receive fish oil (providing 4.6 g/day of long-chain ω-3 fatty acids) or a control oil starting 3 weeks before surgery; 194 subjects completed the study, with 47 of 97 subjects in the control group and 36 of 97 subjects in the fish oil group developing AF (odds ratio 0.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.35 to 1.11). There was a nonstatistically significant delay in time to onset of AF in the fish oil group (hazard ratio 0.66, 95% CI 0.43 to 1.01). There was a significant decrease in mean length of stay in the intensive care unit in the fish oil group (ratio of means 0.71, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.90). In conclusion, in a mixed cardiac surgery population, supplementation with dietary fish oil did not result in a significant decrease in the incidence of postsurgical AF. However...

The prevalence of anaemia, hypochromia and microcytosis in preoperative cardiac surgical patients

David, O.; Sinha, R.; Robinson, K.; Cardone, D.
Fonte: Australian Soc Anaesthetists Publicador: Australian Soc Anaesthetists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.73%
This retrospective study aimed to determine the prevalence of preoperative anaemia, hypochromia and microcytosis in cardiac surgery patients. Data was analysed for 943 patients (over a two-year period) undergoing coronary artery bypass graft, valve or combined coronary artery bypass graft and valve surgery at a tertiary hospital in South Australia. Overall prevalence of preoperative anaemia was 25.2%, greater in males than females (27.6 vs 19.9%, P <0.01). Of patients with preoperative anaemia, 19.3% had reduced red cell indices (mean corpuscular haemoglobin and/or mean corpuscular volume) compared to 4% of patients without anaemia. The proportion of anaemic patients with low red cell indices was significantly higher in women <50 years and 50–65 years, compared to those >65 years of age (P=0.003). Anaemic patients with low red cell indices had lower preoperative haemoglobin than anaemic patients without low red cell indices (median haemoglobin 112 vs 120 g/l, P=0.008). Compared to non-anaemic patients, anaemic patients had higher transfusion rates (79.8 vs 46.4%, P <0.0001), which were greater in those with reduced red cell indices compared to those with normal red cell indices (93.5 vs 76.6%, P=0.01). This study demonstrated a high prevalence of preoperative anaemia...

Cardiac Surgery Costs According to the Preoperative Risk in the Brazilian Public Health System

Titinger,David Provenzale; Lisboa,Luiz Augusto Ferreira; Matrangolo,Bruna La Regina; Dallan,Luis Roberto Palma; Dallan,Luis Alberto Oliveira; Trindade,Evelinda Marramon; Eckl,Ivone; Kalil Filho,Roberto; Mejía,Omar Asdrúbal Vilca; Jatene,Fabio Biscegli
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.8%
AbstractBackground:Heart surgery has developed with increasing patient complexity.Objective:To assess the use of resources and real costs stratified by risk factors of patients submitted to surgical cardiac procedures and to compare them with the values reimbursed by the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS).Method:All cardiac surgery procedures performed between January and July 2013 in a tertiary referral center were analyzed. Demographic and clinical data allowed the calculation of the value reimbursed by the Brazilian SUS. Patients were stratified as low, intermediate and high-risk categories according to the EuroSCORE. Clinical outcomes, use of resources and costs (real costs versus SUS) were compared between established risk groups.Results:Postoperative mortality rates of low, intermediate and high-risk EuroSCORE risk strata showed a significant linear positive correlation (EuroSCORE: 3.8%, 10%, and 25%; p < 0.0001), as well as occurrence of any postoperative complication EuroSCORE: 13.7%, 20.7%, and 30.8%, respectively; p = 0.006). Accordingly, length-of-stay increased from 20.9 days to 24.8 and 29.2 days (p < 0.001). The real cost was parallel to increased resource use according to EuroSCORE risk strata (R$ 27.116,00 ± R$ 13.928...

Systematic review of near-infrared spectroscopy determined cerebral oxygenation during non-cardiac surgery

Nielsen, Henning B.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.79%
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used to monitor regional cerebral oxygenation (rScO2) during cardiac surgery but is less established during non-cardiac surgery. This systematic review aimed (i) to determine the non-cardiac surgical procedures that provoke a reduction in rScO2 and (ii) to evaluate whether an intraoperative reduction in rScO2 influences postoperative outcome. The PubMed and Embase database were searched from inception until April 30, 2013 and inclusion criteria were intraoperative NIRS determined rScO2 in adult patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. The type of surgery and number of patients included were recorded. There was included 113 articles and evidence suggests that rScO2 is reduced during thoracic surgery involving single lung ventilation, major abdominal surgery, hip surgery, and laparoscopic surgery with the patient placed in anti-Tredelenburg's position. Shoulder arthroscopy in the beach chair and carotid endarterectomy with clamped internal carotid artery (ICA) also cause pronounced cerebral desaturation. A >20% reduction in rScO2 coincides with indices of regional and global cerebral ischemia during carotid endarterectomy. Following thoracic surgery, major orthopedic, and abdominal surgery the occurrence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) might be related to intraoperative cerebral desaturation. In conclusion...

Surgical Therapy of Atrial Fibrillation

Haensig, Martin; Rastan, Ardawan Julian; Holzhey, David Michael; Mohr, Friedrich-Wilhelm; Garbade, Jens
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.76%
Atrial fibrillation (AF) can be found in an increasing number of cardiac surgical patients due to a higher patient's age and comorbidities. Atrial fibrillation is known, however, to be a risk factor for a greater mortality, and one aim of intraoperative AF treatment is to approximate early and long-term survival of AF patients to survival of patients with preoperative sinus rhythm. Today, surgeons are more and more able to perform less complex, that is, minimally invasive cardiac surgical procedures. The evolution of alternative ablation technologies using different energy sources has revolutionized the surgical therapy of atrial fibrillation and allows adding the ablation therapy without adding significant risk. Thus, the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation in combination with the cardiac surgery procedure allows to improve the postoperative long-term survival and to reduce permanent anticoagulation in these patients. This paper focuses on the variety of incisions, lesion sets, and surgical techniques, as well as energy modalities and results of AF ablation and also summarizes future trends and current devices in use.

Impact of drugs counselling by an undergraduate pharmacist on cardiac surgical patient´s compliance to medicines

Zerafa,Natalie; Zarb Adami,Maurice; Galea,Joseph
Fonte: Pharmacy Practice (Internet) Publicador: Pharmacy Practice (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.73%
Open heart surgery is a procedure which warrants patient education about the complexity of drug regimens and lifestyle modifications. Patient nonadherence is likely to have a considerable negative impact on the patients´ quality of life post-cardiac surgery. Objective: To evaluate the impact of pharmacist intervention on patients´ adherence to medication and lifestyle changes. Method: This case-controlled study was conducted at the Cardiac Surgical Ward and Outpatients Clinic of Mater Dei Hospital, Malta. Eighty consecutive patients who underwent coronary artery bypass or heart valve surgery were interviewed on their day of discharge using the "Past Medical History Questionnaire". The patients were then randomized to receive pharmacist intervention or usual care. Those who received intervention (40 patients) were given a chart with pictorial explanation of the time of day together with a colorful photograph of each tablet prescribed. This group of patients was also counselled to comply to oral analgesia and exercise and also on the avoidance of alcohol and smoking during the recovery period. The control patients received usual care without the pharmacist intervention. All patients were re-interviewed eight weeks after discharge using the "Assessing Patient Compliance Questionnaire". Any differences between the control and experimental groups were analysed using Chi-square...