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Dispersão de sementes em herbívoros silvestres: estratégias em espécies simpátricas

Hittorf, Melanie Raffaela
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Escola Superior Agrária Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Escola Superior Agrária
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.75%
A endozoocoria é um mecanismo comum de dispersão de sementes, resultante da ingestão das frutificações e passagem pelo aparelho digestivo do animal. Embora a maioria das plantas não tenham a capacidade de dispersão de sementes por si próprias, muitas dessas espécies apresentam uma ampla distribuição, devido à mobilidade dos animais para a dispersão do pólen e das sementes. Os herbívoros de grande porte são geralmente reconhecidos pelo seu forte contributo na dinâmica da vegetação em diversos ecossistemas, principalmente na dispersão a longas distâncias. No Nordeste Transmontano várias espécies de herbívoros, como o veado (Cervus elaphus), o corço (Capreolus capreolus), o coelho (Oryctolagus cuniculus) e a lebre (Lepus granatensis) coexistem em algumas áreas, sendo desconhecido o papel destas espécies na disseminação de sementes e na dinâmica da vegetação da região. Este trabalho teve como objectivos principais (1) verificar quais as espécies que mais contribuem com sementes no processo de dispersão (Coelho, Lebre, Veado e Corço); (2) identificar períodos importantes de disseminação de sementes a partir da quantidade de sementes detectadas nas deposições fecais; (3) caracterizar a viabilidade das sementes presentes nas deposições de cervídeos e lagomorfos; (4) caracterizar a degradabilidade das deposições de herbívoros (Cervídeos e Lagomorfos) no período invernal e primaveril e avaliar a germinação de sementes durante o processo. Foi utilizado material fecal de cervídeos recolhido anteriormente numa área no vale do rio Onor...

Transferability of microsatellite loci from Cervidae species to the endangered Brazilian marsh deer, Blastocerus dichotomus

Leite, K. C E; Collevatti, R. G.; Menegasso, T. R.; Tomas, W. M.; Duarte, J. M B
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 325-330
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
Blastocerus dichotomus, the marsh deer, is the largest Brazilian Cervidae species. The species is endangered because of hunting and loss of its natural habitat, i.e., flood plain areas, because of hydroelectric power station construction and agricultural land expansion. In the present study, we tested 38 microsatellite loci from four Cervidae species: Odocoileus virginianus (7), Rangifer tarandus (17), Capreolus capreolus (7), and Mazama bororo (7). Eleven loci showed clear amplification, opening a new perspective for the generation of fundamental population genetic data for devising conservation strategies for B. dichotomus. © FUNPEC-RP.

Contributo para o conhecimento dos ungulados da R. N. Serra da Malcata

Pereira, Fernanda Isabel da Cunha
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.75%
Este trabalho surgiu da necessidade de aprofundar os conhecimentos sobre as populações de ungulados selvagens (javali Sus scrofa, corço Capreolus capreolus e veado Cervus elaphus ) da Reserva Natural da Serra da Malcata, nomeadamente sobre a sua distribuição e estatuto locais. Neste sentido, foi iniciado, em Novembro de 2005, o trabalho de campo, que consistiu na busca de indícios de presença destes animais por toda a Área Protegida, tendo sido finalizado em Junho de 2006. Através do método de Kernel determinou-se os domínios vitais das populações de cada espécie. Foi também avaliado o uso de habitats por cada uma das espécies, utilizando o Teste G. O Índice de Jacobs foi usado para determinar quais os habitats seleccionados positiva e/ou negativamente por cada ungulado. As populações de ungulados residentes nesta Reserva Natural consistem em duas espécies, o javali e o corço. O veado ocorre ocasionalmente. O javali encontra-se distribuído praticamente por toda a Área Protegida, com uma área total ocupada de 13840 ha (Kernel adaptativo a 95%) e um centro de actividade localizado na Barroca de Pedro Lopes e nos Forninhos, que ocupa uma área de cerca de 623 ha. Esta espécie não demonstrou qualquer tipo de selectividade em relação aos diferentes tipos de habitat. O corço localiza-se essencialmente no norte e centro desta Área Protegida...

Ecogeography of roe deer: relation with other ungulates in sympatry; Ecografia do corço: relação com outros ungulados em simpatria

Torres, Rita Maria Tinoco da Silva
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.75%
Understanding the spatial distribution of organisms is a central topic in ecology. The European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) population is in Portugal and Norway at the southwestern and northern edge of its distribution, respectively. Understanding the factors that act on these populations enlightens both local aspects concerning their conservation and wider scale aspects of the species bioclimatic envelope, which is crucial for being better able to predict the impacts of environmental change. The main aim of this thesis was to evaluate roe deer distribution in Portugal and Norway, two countries with contrasting landscapes, seasonality and with different anthropogenic pressure. The interspecific relationship with sympatric ungulates was also analysed. By using pellet group counts, we investigated habitat use of roe deer, identifying the major environmental descriptors, to understand the importance of forest structure, vegetation characteristics, landscape structure and human disturbance on their distribution. The analyses were based on presence – absence data and were carried out at two spatial scales. The results showed that habitat use of roe deer was different across countries. In Portugal, at the local scale, roe deer distribution was positively associated with high density of shrubs...

Roe deer reintroduction in central Portugal: prerelease phase; Reintrodução do corço no centro de Portugal: fase de viabilidade

Cruz, Tamira Íris Vandenbussche Leandro
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.75%
Species reintroduction is increasingly becoming an important part of species recovery programs and habitat restoration initiatives worldwide. Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) have been reintroduced to Portugal in the past, but the a priori identification of suitable sites for reintroduction can greatly improve the success of such programmes. This study is focused on the first phase of the reintroduction process - the viability phase -, where our study area (Freita, Arada and Montemuro mountains) was characterized and evaluated in terms of suitability to implement the reintroduction process and define reintroduction nuclei in central Portugal. For this, we have used empirical models and expert knowledge (Analytical Hierarchy Process coupled with GIS), and we have identified three reintroduction nuclei suitable for roe deer occurrence and future natural expansion (Manuscript I). The variables used in the model included land use, hydrographic network, asphalted roads, population/villages, and relief. Then, we implemented a simple predictive habitat-use model (GLM) at the Iberian Peninsula scale, where both presence and absence data was used. The model was based on climatic, topographic and environmental variables. Here the model was used to predict the current extent of roe deer habitat that would be suitable for roe deer reintroduction (Manuscript II). GLM model was very accurate...

Modelo da distribuição do Corço (Capreolus capreolus) numa área em Trás-os-Montes e os factores que o condicionam

Freire, André Moreira, 1989-
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.97%
Tese de mestrado. Biologia (Ecologia e Gestão Ambiental). Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, 2012; Este trabalho teve como objectivo aplicar os sistemas de informação geográfica (SIG) no desenvolvimento de um modelo de distribuição do corço (Capreolus capreolus, L.) numa zona de caça no distrito de Vila Real. Utilizou-se uma técnica de modelação ecológica baseada na máxima entropia, dados da presença da espécie e cinco factores ambientais (duas variáveis topográficas e três de ocupação do solo), com isto pretendeu-se identificar quais os factores que mais influenciam a distribuição da espécie e criar um mapa do índice de adequabilidade do habitat nesta área. No final do século XIX e início do século XX assistiu-se a uma redução drástica do número de exemplares de corço, ficando mesmo extinto em algumas zonas de Portugal. Actualmente, devido à diminuição da pressão cinegética, da reflorestação de muitas áreas e do êxodo rural, observa-se uma recolonização progressiva por parte do corço, o que requer um adequado plano de gestão desta espécie e manutenção dos seus habitats. As áreas que apresentam maior índice de adequabilidade do habitat para o corço são, na sua maioria...

Phytosociology applied to wildlife management - a study on the potentiality for the reintroduction of cervids in the Montemuro-Freita-Arada mountain range

Bellu, Annalisa
Fonte: ISA/UTL Publicador: ISA/UTL
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
Doutoramento em Engenharia Florestal e dos Recursos Naturais - Instituto Superior de Agronomia; The aim of the present thesis was to assess the use of phytosociology in wildlife management. In Section II, as a case study, I investigated red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) free ranging populations occurring in the Natural Park of Montesinho, northeast Portugal, using faecal-pellet counts to assess deer use of semi-natural meadows (lameiros) and forest communities. Phytosociological classification contributed to explain red deer spring selective use of meadows at finer scales and performed better than other clustering criteria for classifying vegetation patches. At the landscape level, composition of the neighbouring vegetation mosaic, topography, and meadow’s characteristics, as management status and dominant phytosociology, produced the best models for deer seasonal use of meadows. The forest use analysis revealed red and roe deer preference for oak forests over pine plantations, and habitat use overlapping between red and roe deer all year round. In Section III, I extrapolated the information gathered in Section II on deer use to build, for the Montemuro-Freita-Arada massif, a predictive map for roe deer use of meadows...

PCR Detection and Serological Evidence of Granulocytic Ehrlichial Infection in Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) and Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra)

Liz, Jorge S.; Sumner, John W.; Pfister, Kurt; Brossard, Michel
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
The role of wild mammals, such as roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), in the epidemiology of granulocytic ehrlichiae in Switzerland was investigated. We tested blood samples for Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroup 16S rRNA gene sequences by PCR and for immunoglobulin G antibodies against granulocytic ehrlichiae by indirect fluorescent-antibody assay (IFA). Overall means of 60.9% of 133 roe deer serum samples and 28.2% of 39 chamois serum samples were seroreactive by IFA. PCR results were positive for 18.4% of 103 roe deer serum samples as well. None of the 24 chamois blood samples tested were positive by PCR. Partial 16S rRNA gene and groESL heat shock operon sequences of three roe deer samples tested showed strong degrees of homology (≥99.7 and ≥98.6%, respectively) with the sequences of granulocytic ehrlichiae isolated from humans. These results confirm that chamois, and particularly roe deer, are commonly infected with granulocytic ehrlichiae and provide evidence that these wild mammals are potential reservoirs for granulocytic ehrlichiae in Switzerland.

Detection of four species of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected from roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in The Netherlands.

Rijpkema, S. G.; Herbes, R. G.; Verbeek-De Kruif, N.; Schellekens, J. F.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) were investigated for their value as sentinel animals for Lyme borreliosis in the Netherlands. Serum was obtained from 114 roe deer, and 513 Ixodes ricinus, predominantly females (72%), were obtained from 47 animals (41%). The polymerase chain reaction was used to detect DNA of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in a total of 190 ticks, comprising 106 engorged ticks and 84 non-engorged ticks. Borrelia DNA was detected in 24 engorged ticks (23%) and 26 non-engorged ticks (31%). This difference was not significant (P = 0.25). Four species of B. burgdorferi sensu lato were identified in the ticks. B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia garinii, Borrelia afzelii and group VS116. B. afzelii was most commonly found and present in 13 mixed infections, and in 28 single infections. Fifteen sera (13%) contained antibodies to Borrelia spp. Ticks are more appropriate sentinel animals for Lyme borreliosis than roe deer, an important host for I. ricinus. Although the viability of borrelia spirochaetes in engorged ticks collected from roe deer was not assessed, a bloodmeal taken from roe deer did not eliminate borrelia spirochaetes from the tick. The relevance of this finding for transovarial transmission of borrelia spirochaetes in ticks is discussed.

The moose throat bot fly Cephenemyia ulrichii larvae (Diptera: Oestridae) found developing in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) for the first time

Nilssen, Arne C; Isomursu, Marja; Oksanen, Antti
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
About fifty larvae of Cephenemyia ulrichii Brauer (Diptera: Oestridae), some of them nearly full-grown third instars, were found in the throat of a roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in June 2007 near Helsinki in Finland. The parasite is considered to be host specific, occurring only in the moose (Alces alces), and this paper is apparently the first report of a successful infestation in an aberrant host.

Field evidence that roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) are a natural host for Ehrlichia phagocytophila.

Alberdi, M. P.; Walker, A. R.; Urquhart, K. A.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
Samples of blood, spleen and legs from 112 culled roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) were collected from nine sites widespread in the United Kingdom. The prevalence of infection with Ehrlichia phagocytophila was determined by serology and polymerase chain reaction. Means of 58% of 102 plasma or serum samples were seroreactive by IFA, 38% of 84 blood samples and 29% of 82 spleen samples were positive by PCR. Ticks on legs of 71 roe deer were Ixodes ricinus larvae, nymphs and adults and 83% of legs were infested. Numbers of ticks corresponded positively to the percentage of samples positive for E. phagocytophila by serology and PCR for different sampling sites. Ixodes ricinus nymphs collected from the vegetation at one site with infected deer were analysed for infection with E. phagocytophila by examination of Feulgen stained salivary glands. Of 135 nymphs 5% were infected. These results confirm that roe deer are commonly parasitized by both E. phagocytophila and its vector tick in such a way that it is likely to be an important natural mammalian reservoir of E. phagocytophila.

Tick burden on European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)

Vor, Torsten; Kiffner, Christian; Hagedorn, Peter; Niedrig, Matthias; Rühe, Ferdinand
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
In our study we assessed the tick burden on roe deer (Capreolus capreolus L.) in relation to age, physical condition, sex, deer density and season. The main objective was to find predictive parameters for tick burden. In September 2007, May, July, and September 2008, and in May and July 2009 we collected ticks on 142 culled roe deer from nine forest departments in Southern Hesse, Germany. To correlate tick burden and deer density we estimated deer density using line transect sampling that accounts for different detectability in March 2008 and 2009, respectively. We collected more than 8,600 ticks from roe deer heads and necks, 92.6% of which were Ixodes spp., 7.4% Dermacentor spp. Among Ixodes, 3.3% were larvae, 50.5% nymphs, 34.8% females and 11.4% males, with significant seasonal deviation. Total tick infestation was high, with considerable individual variation (from 0 to 270 ticks/deer). Adult tick burden was positively correlated with roe deer body indices (body mass, age, hind foot length). Significantly more nymphs were found on deer from forest departments with high roe deer density indices, indicating a positive correlation with deer abundance. Overall, tick burden was highly variable. Seasonality and large scale spatial characteristics appeared to be the most important factors affecting tick burden on roe deer.

The First Report of Mycobacterium celatum Isolation from Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa domestica) and Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) and an Overview of Human Infections in Slovenia

Pate, Mateja; Žolnir-Dovč, Manca; Kušar, Darja; Krt, Brane; Špičić, Silvio; Cvetnić, Željko; Ocepek, Matjaž
Fonte: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research Publicador: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/05/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
Mycobacterium celatum, a slowly growing potentially pathogenic mycobacterium first described in humans, is regarded as an uncommon cause of human infection, though capable of inducing invasive disease in immunocompromised hosts. According to some reports, a serious disease due to M. celatum may also occur in individuals with no apparent immunodeficiency. In animals, an M. celatum-related disease has been described in three cases only: twice in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) and once in a white-tailed trogon (Trogon viridis). In this paper, we report the first detection of M. celatum in a domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). A nation-wide overview of human M. celatum infections recorded in Slovenia between 2000 and 2010 is also given. Pulmonary disease due to M. celatum was recognized in one patient with a history of a preexisting lung disease.

Living on the Edge: Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) Density in the Margins of Its Geographical Range

Valente, Ana M.; Fonseca, Carlos; Marques, Tiago A.; Santos, João P.; Rodrigues, Rogério; Torres, Rita Tinoco
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.75%
Over the last decades roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) populations have increased in number and distribution throughout Europe. Such increases have profound impacts on ecosystems, both positive and negative. Therefore monitoring roe deer populations is essential for the appropriate management of this species, in order to achieve a balance between conservation and mitigation of the negative impacts. Despite being required for an effective management plan, the study of roe deer ecology in Portugal is at an early stage, and hence there is still a complete lack of knowledge of roe deer density within its known range. Distance sampling of pellet groups coupled with production and decay rates for pellet groups provided density estimates for roe deer in northeastern Portugal (Lombada National Hunting Area - LNHA, Serra de Montesinho – SM and Serra da Nogueira – SN; LNHA and SM located in Montesinho Natural Park). The estimated roe deer density using a stratified detection function was 1.23/100 ha for LNHA, 4.87/100 ha for SM and 4.25/100 ha in SN, with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of 0.68 to 2.21, 3.08 to 7.71 and 2.25 to 8.03, respectively. For the entire area, the estimated density was about 3.51/100 ha (95% CI - 2.26–5.45). This method can provide estimates of roe deer density...

Phylogeny and vicariant speciation of the Grey Rhebok, Pelea capreolus

Robinson, T J; Cernohorska, H; Diedericks, G; Cabelova, K; Duran, A; Matthee, C A
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
A South African endemic antelope, the Grey Rhebok (Pelea capreolus), has long been an evolutionary enigma in bovid systematics—its phylogenetic intractability attributed to its curious combination of derived and primitive morphological attributes and the consequences of a rapid radiation. By using a combination of DNA sequences, chromosomal characteristics and quantitative and qualitative morphological features we show that the species is a sister taxon to a clade that comprises the waterbuck, reedbuck and allies. Our finding of few unambiguous synapomorphies reinforces suggestions of a rapid radiation and highlights the effects of incomplete lineage sorting, including the hemiplasic nature of several chromosomal rearrangements. We investigate these data to address the general question of what may have led to Pelea being both genetically and ecologically distinct from the Reduncini. We argue that its adaptation to exposed habitats, free of standing water, arose by vicariance prompted by increasing aridity of the extreme south/southwestern region of the African continent in the Miocene. Ancestral lineages leading to the extant Redunca and Kobus, on the other hand, retreated to water-abundant refugia in the north during these mostly globally cool phases. The mosaic of water-rich environments provided by the Okavango and the drainage systems in the southwestern extension of the East African Rift system are considered to have facilitated speciation and chromosomal evolution within these antelope.

Weak Population Structure in European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) and Evidence of Introgressive Hybridization with Siberian Roe Deer (C. pygargus) in Northeastern Poland

Olano-Marin, Juanita; Plis, Kamila; Sönnichsen, Leif; Borowik, Tomasz; Niedziałkowska, Magdalena; Jędrzejewska, Bogumiła
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.88%
We investigated contemporary and historical influences on the pattern of genetic diversity of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). The study was conducted in northeastern Poland, a zone where vast areas of primeval forests are conserved and where the European roe deer was never driven to extinction. A total of 319 unique samples collected in three sampling areas were genotyped at 16 microsatellites and one fragment (610 bp) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region. Genetic diversity was high, and a low degree of genetic differentiation among sampling areas was observed with both microsatellites and mtDNA. No evidence of genetic differentiation between roe deer inhabiting open fields and forested areas was found, indicating that the ability of the species to exploit these contrasting environments might be the result of its phenotypic plasticity. Half of the studied individuals carried an mtDNA haplotype that did not belong to C. capreolus, but to a related species that does not occur naturally in the area, the Siberian roe deer (C. pygargus). No differentiation between individuals with Siberian and European mtDNA haplotypes was detected at microsatellite loci. Introgression of mtDNA of Siberian roe deer into the genome of European roe deer has recently been detected in eastern Europe. Such introgression might be caused by human-mediated translocations of Siberian roe deer within the range of European roe deer or by natural hybridization between these species in the past.

Effects of human activities on the spatial distribution of eastern roe deer Capreolus pygargus bedfordi in the Lesser Khingan Mountains, northeastern China

Jiang, G.; Ma, J.; Zhang, M.; Stott, P.
Fonte: Polish Acad Sciences Publicador: Polish Acad Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.55%
Eastern roe deer Capreolus pygargus bedfordi Thomas, 1908 occurred throughout China historically, but today are only found in 7 provinces . Their populations in China have been greatly impacted by human disturbances. Little is known about what kinds of human disturbances impact their distribution and resource requirements for survival. A survey was conducted over 20 661 ha located at the Erkehe Forestry Farm in the Lesser Khingan Mountains, northeastern China. Field work lasted from January to March, 2006 and January to March, 2007, and a total of 613 plots were visited along 28 sampling transects. Predictive models of easter roe deer resource selection were developed with or without the inclusion of human disturbance factors. Whether human disturbance exists or not, eastern roe deer retained strong links to patch size and patch density of low shrub and swamp, and the probability of moose occurrence. Low shrub and swamps created after logging provide more abundant annual shoots for food, and were vital for survival in harsh winters. When human disturbance was not modeled, eastern roe deer avoided higher density of both Betula platyphylla and Larix gmelinii patches at a landscape scale, and larger mixed coniferous and broad-leaf patchs at local scales. Once human disturbances existed...

Acute Q fever infection in Thuringia, Germany, after burial of roe deer fawn cadavers (Capreolus capreolus): a case report

Schleenvoigt, B.T.; Sprague, L.D.; Mertens, K.; Moog, U.; Schmoock, G.; Wolf, G.; Neumann, M.; Pletz, M.W.; Neubauer, H.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
We report on a case of a 48-year-old man who presented with acute Q fever infection after burying two fawn cadavers (Capreolus capreolus). Recent outbreaks of Q fever in Europe have been traced back to intensive goat breeding units, sheep flocks in the proximity of highly populated urban areas or to farmed deer. To our knowledge, this is the first case report describing Q fever infection in a human linked to roe deer as a source of infection.

El processament experimental d'un cabirol (Capreolus capreolus)o rere els passos de Jack l'Esbudellador

Andúgar Martínez, Lourdes; Brady, Ryan; Camarós, Edgard; Colominas, Lídia; Gallego, Abel; Lladó, Elisabet; Moreno, Federica; Orejuela, Maria Eugenia; Tornero, Carles; Verdún i Castelló, Ester
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 CAT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.75%
En aquest article es presenta el processament experimental d'un cabirol (Capreolus capreolus) que vam dur a terme els membres del Laboratori d'Arqueozoologia (UAB), amb la intenció de posar en pràctica i entendre les diferents activitats implicades en el processament d'un animal, i alhora, ampliar la col·lecció de referència.; In this article we present the experimental processing of Archaezoology (UAB), with the intention of practicing and understanding different activities implicated during animal processing, and at the same time, to increase our reference collection.

Valoración del estrés de captura, transporte y manejo en el corzo (Capreolus capreolus) efecto de la acepromacina y de la cautividad /

Montané i Giralt, Jordi
Fonte: Bellaterra : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Facultat de Veterinària, Publicador: Bellaterra : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Facultat de Veterinària,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2002 SPA; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.97%
Descripció del recurs: el 5 de març de 2003; Consultable des del TDX; Títol obtingut de la pantalla digitalitzada; El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar la respuesta de estrés de captura, manejo y transporte en el corzo (Capreolus capreolus) y sus posibles consecuencias, valorar el efecto de un neuroléptico fenotiacínico de corta duración (acepromacina) sobre dicha respuesta, establecer posibles diferencias en la respuesta de estrés agudo entre corzos salvajes y cautivos, y evaluar la idoneidad de la determinación de metabolitos del cortisol en heces como método no agresivo para medir la actividad adrenocortical en el corzo. Los corzos se capturaron mediante redes verticales y a continuación se inmovilizaron durante tres horas (estudio del estrés de captura en corzos salvajes -Capítulo 4- y estudio de las diferencias en la respuesta de estrés agudo entre corzos salvajes y cautivos -Capítulo 5-), o bien se sometieron a un transporte por carretera de nueve horas de duración (estudio del estrés de transporte -Capítulo 6-). En todos los casos se establecieron dos grupos: un grupo tratamiento, que recibió acepromacina intramuscular, y un grupo control, que recibió suero salino fisiológico intramuscular. Durante el periodo de estudio se registraron la frecuencia cardiaca y la temperatura rectal mediante técnicas telemétricas no agresivas y se obtuvieron muestras sanguíneas mediante punción venosa (para realizar el hemograma y las determinaciones bioquímicas) y muestras de heces (para la determinación de metabolitos del cortisol -Capítulo 7-). Además...