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Osteoconductive Properties of beta-Tricalcium Phosphate Matrix, Polylactic and Polyglycolic Acid Gel, and Calcium Phosphate Cement in Bone Defects

Luvizuto, Eloa R.; Queiroz, Thallita P.; Margonar, Rogerio; Panzarini, Sonia R.; Hochuli-Vieira, Eduardo; Okamoto, Tetuo; Okamoto, Roberta
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: E430-E433
ENG
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66.38%
Extensive bone defects in maxillofacial region can be corrected with autogenous grafts; otherwise, the disadvantages of the therapeutics modality take the research for new bone substitutes. The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the osteoconductive properties of 3 commercial available biomaterials. A total of 30 calvarial defects (5-mm diameter) were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups, with a total of 6 defects per treatment group (n = 6). The treatment groups were as follows: 500 to 1000 Km beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP), polylactic and polyglycolic acid (PL/PG) gel, calcium phosphate cement, untreated control, and autograft control. The evaluations were based on histomorphometric analysis at 60 postoperative days. The results have shown that beta-TCP and autograft control supported bone formation at 60 postoperative days. beta-Tricalcium phosphate showed the highest amount of mineralized area per total area and statistically significant compared with PL/PG, calcium phosphate cement, and untreated control groups. The PL/PG gel does not have osteoconductive properties and performed similar to empty control. Calcium phosphate cement showed higher number of multinucleated giant cells around the sites of the biomaterial and showed newly formed bone only at the edges of the biomaterial...

Utilization of autogenous bone, bioactive glasses, and calcium phosphate cement in surgical mandibular bone defects in Cebus apella monkeys

Cancian, DCJ; Hochuli-Vieira, E.; Marcantonio, Rosemary Adriana Chierici; Garcia, I. R.
Fonte: Quintessence Publishing Co Inc Publicador: Quintessence Publishing Co Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 73-79
ENG
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66.32%
Purpose: the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the histologic results of bone cavities that were surgically created in the mandibles of Cebus apella monkeys and filled with autogenous bone, PerioGlas, FillerBone, or Bone Source. Materials and Methods: Surgical cavities 5 mm in diameter were prepared through both mandibular cortices in the mandibular angle region. The cavities were randomly filled, and the animals were divided into groups according to the material employed: Group 1 cavities were filled with autogenous corticocancellous bone; group 2 cavities were filled with calcium phosphate cement (BoneSource); and group 3 and group 4 cavities were filled with bioactive glass (FillerBone and PerioGlas, respectively). After 180 days the animals were sacrificed, and specimens were prepared following routine laboratory procedures for hematoxylin/eosin staining and histologic evaluation. Results: the histologic analysis showed that autogenous bone allowed total repair of the bone defects; bioactive glasses (FillerBone and PerioGlas) allowed total repair of the defects with intimate contact of the remaining granules and newly formed bone; and the cavities filled with calcium phosphate cement (BoneSource) were generally filled by connective fibrous tissue...

Histomorphometric evaluation of human sinus floor augmentation healing responses to placement of calcium phosphate or Ricinus communis polymer associated with autogenous bone

Boeck-Neto, R. J.; Gabrielli, MFR; Shibli, J. A.; Marcantonio, E.; Lia, RCC
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Publicador: Blackwell Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 181-188
ENG
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66.32%
Background: Prosthetic rehabilitation of the posterior maxilla with dental implants is often difficult because of proximity to the maxillary sinus and insufficient bone height. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation procedures aim to obtain enough bone with an association between biomaterials and autogenous bone.Purpose: the purpose of this study was to evaluate histomorphometrically two grafting materials (calcium phosphate and Ricinus communis polymer) used in maxillary sinus floor augmentation associated with autogenous bone.Materials and Methods: Biopsies were taken from 10 consecutive subjects (mean age 45 years) 10 months after maxillary sinus floor augmentation. The sinus lift was performed with a mixture of autogenous bone and R. communis polymer or calcium phosphate in a 1:2 proportion. Routine histologic processing and staining with hernatoxylin and eosin were performed.Results: the histomorphometric analysis indicated satisfactory regenerative results in both groups for a mean of bone tissue in the grafted area (44.24 +/- 13.79% for the calcium phosphate group and 38.77 +/- 12.85% for the polymer group). Histologic evaluation revealed the presence of an inflammatory infiltrate of mononuclear prevalence that, on average, was nonsignificant. The histologic sections depicted mature bone with compact and cancellous areas in both groups.Conclusion: the results indicated that both graft materials associated with the autogenous bone were biocompatible...

Osteogenesis-inducing calcium phosphate nanoparticle precursors applied to titanium surfaces

He, Wenxiao; Andersson, Martin; De Souza, Pedro Paulo Chaves; De Souza Costa, Carlos Alberto; Muñoz, Eduardo Mariscal; Schwartz-Filho, Humberto Osvaldo; Hayashi, Mariko; Hemdal, Amanda; Fredel, Axel; Wennerberg, Ann; Jimbo, Ryo
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
This study investigated the effects of the morphology and physicochemical properties of calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles on osteogenesis. Two types of CaP nanoparticles were compared, namely amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) nano-spheres (diameter: 9-13 nm) and poorly crystalline apatite (PCA) nano-needles (30-50 nm x 2-4 nm) that closely resemble bone apatite. CaP particles were spin-coated onto titanium discs and implants; they were evaluated in cultured mouse calvarial osteoblasts, as well as after implantation in rabbit femurs. A significant dependence of CaP coatings was observed in osteoblast-related gene expression (Runx2, Col1a1 and Spp1). Specifically, the PCA group presented an up-regulation of the osteospecific genes, while the ACP group suppressed the Runx2 and Col1a1 expression when compared to blank titanium substrates. Both the ACP and PCA groups presented a more than three-fold increase of calcium deposition, as suggested by Alizarin red staining. The removal torque results implied a slight tendency in favour of the PCA group. Different forms of CaP nanostructures presented different biologic differences; the obtained information can be used to optimize surface coatings on biomaterials. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Growth of calcium phosphate coating on Ti-7.5Mo alloy after anodic oxidation

Escada, A. L A; Machado, J. P B; Nakazato, Roberto Zenhei; Alves Claro, A. P R
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 297-302
ENG
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66.36%
Titanium and its alloys are widely used as biomaterials due to their mechanical, chemical and biological properties. To enhance the biocompatibility of titanium alloys, various surface treatments have been proposed. In particular, the formation of titanium oxide nanotubes layers has been extensively examined. Among the various materials for implants, calcium phosphates and hydroxyapatite are widely used clinically. In this work, titanium nanotubes were fabricated on the surface of Ti-7.5Mo alloy by anodization. The samples were anodized for 20 V in an electrolyte containing glycerol in combination with ammonium fluoride (NH4F, 0.25%), and the anodization time was 24 h. After being anodized, specimens were heat treated at 450 °C and 600°C for 1 h to crystallize the amorphous TiO2 nanotubes and then treated with NaOH solution to make them bioactive, to induce growth of calcium phosphate in a simulated body fluid. Surface morphology and coating chemistry were obtained respectively using, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FEG-SEM), AFM and X-ray diffraction (XRD). It was shown that the presence of titanium nanotubes induces the growth of a sodium titanate nanolayer. During the subsequent invitro immersion in a simulated body fluid...

Matriz ossea inorganica e propriedades da interface fosfatos de calcio/soluções aquosas; Bone mineral and interface properties of system calcium phosphate/aqueous solution

Sergio Bertazzo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/08/2007 PT
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66.3%
Os fosfatos de cálcio possuem propriedades biocompatíveis e apresentam composição semelhante à da matriz óssea inorgânica dos vertebrados. Devido a estas propriedades, os fosfatos de cálcio têm sido largamente estudados, mas ainda hoje não há um completo consenso sobre as características destes materiais. Neste trabalho procuramos estudar alguns dos fenômenos que ocorrem na superfície dos fosfatos de cálcio quando imersos em soluções aquosas, com pH entre 6,0 e 7,4, e caracterizar de forma completa a matriz óssea inorgânica. Os resultados mostraram que a matriz óssea inorgânica modifica sua composição e cristalinidade apenas até o sexto mês de vida dos animais estudados. Quanto à nanoestrutura dos ossos, os resultados mostraram que estes são formados por fibras de colágeno recobertas pela matriz óssea inorgânica. Os estudos das propriedades da superfície dos fosfatos de cálcio demonstraram que ao serem imersos em soluções aquosas, sua superfície é transformada em CaHPO4. A modificação da superfície dos fosfatos de cálcio e a formação de um novo equilíbrio entre esta nova superfície formada e as soluções aquosas, explicam a características peculiares apresentadas pelos fosfatos de cálcio em soluções aquosas. O entendimento dos processos pelas quais a superfície dos fosfatos de cálcio passa ao serem imersos em soluções aquosas é de suma importância para o entendimento dos processos biocompatíveis característicos destes materiais; Calcium phosphates have good biocompatible properties and are similar in composition to the bone mineral of vertebrates. Owing to these properties...

Desenvolvimento e caracterização de microesferas de fosfato de cálcio bifásico; Development and characterization of biphasic calcium phosphate microspheres

Rachel Mary Osthues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/06/2012 PT
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66.41%
A utilização de biocerâmicas a base de fosfato de cálcio encontra grande aceitação clínica na substituição de tecidos ósseos, e mesmo no preenchimento dérmico, devido à sua similaridade química com parte mineral de ossos e dentes. Em função desta similaridade, os fosfatos de cálcio apresentam, dentre outras propriedades importantes, elevada biocompatibilidade, e na maioria das vezes exibem bioatividade e/ou osteocondução. Estes materiais não induzem reações inflamatórias ou imunológicas, agudas ou crônicas, ou seja, causam mínima irritação, limitada ao local de contato, e mínimas reações alérgicas. Dentre os fosfatos de cálcio, as apatitas formam a maior parte das cerâmicas de interesse biológico e podem ser constituídas de hidroxiapatita e beta-fosfato tricálcico, mistura chamada de fosfato de cálcio bifásico. Classicamente, este material se encontra disponível em blocos cerâmicos, densos ou porosos, ou na forma de materiais particulados (grânulos, pós e colóides). Na forma de grânulos ou pós, o formato esférico é preferido por se conformar melhor em locais de implantação irregulares, além de apresentarem propriedades reológicas mais satisfatórias em produtos injetáveis. Vários métodos de produção de micropartículas têm sido relatados...

Estudo in vivo do cimento de fosfato de cálcio acrescido de "whiskers" de Wollastonita : um novo biomaterial; In vivo study of calcium phosphate cement doped the "whiskers" of Wollastonite : a new biomaterial

Ana Claudia de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2014 PT
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66.34%
Os biomateriais podem ser utilizados em diversas áreas da bioengenharia regenerativa, sendo uma opção viável no reparo de lesões ósseas. Atualmente diferentes tipos de biomateriais têm sido estudados, dentre eles as cerâmicas que podem ser classificadas em três tipos: vidros bioativos, vitrocerâmicas e cerâmicas de fosfato de cálcio. As Cerâmicas de Fosfato de Cálcio podem ser subdivididas em Hidroxiapatita e em Cimentos Fosfatos de Cálcio (CFC). Os CFC tem se destacado pela sua fácil manipulação, capacidade de reabsorção e estimulação da osteogênese. No entanto, o CFC tem seu uso restrito como implante, pois possui baixa tenacidade a fratura comparada ao osso natural. Para reforçar o CFC algumas fibras como as de carbono, aramida e carbeto têm sido utilizadas. Outro tipo de reforço são os "whiskers" que compreendem fibras muito curtas. Neste estudo foi utilizado um CFC a base de α-TCP reforçado com "whiskers" de Wollastonita, uma vitrocerâmica do complexo (CaSiO3), que assim como os vidros bioativos forma uma camada de hidroxiapatita se ligando firmemente aos ossos e tecidos adjacentes. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a biocompatibilidade e o comportamento do CFC acrescido de "whiskers" de Wollastonita in vivo. Para obtenção dos cimentos os pós de α -TCP com ou sem 10% de "whiskers" de Wollastonita foram adicionados a uma solução aquosa contendo 2...

Human mesenchymal stem cells response to multi-doped silicon-strontium calcium phosphate coatings

Rodríguez-Valencia, Cosme; Pereiro, Iago; Pirraco, Rogério; Lopéz-Álvarez, M.; Serra, J.; González, P.; Marques, A. P.; Reis, R. L.
Fonte: Sage Publicador: Sage
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2013 ENG
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66.32%
The search for apatitic calcium phosphate coatings to improve implants osteointegration is, nowadays, preferentially focused in the obtaining of compositions closer to that of the inorganic phase of bone. Silicon and strontium are both present in trace concentrations in natural bone and have been demonstrated, by separate, to significantly improve osteoblastic response on calcium phosphate bioceramics. This work aims the controlled and simultaneous multidoping of carbonated calcium phosphate coatings with both elements, Si and Sr, by pulsed laser deposition technique and the biological response of human mesenchymal stem cells to them. A complete physicochemical characterization has been also performed to analyze the coatings and significant positive effect was obtained at the osteogenic differentiation of cells, confirming the enormous potential of this multi-doping coating approach.

Effect of calcium phosphate coating on polyamide substrate for biomaterial applications

Bandeira,Lucimara C.; Ciuffi,Kátia J.; Calefi,Paulo S.; Nassar,Eduardo J.; Silva,Jorge V. L.; Oliveira,Marcelo; Maia,Izaque A.; Salvado,Isabel M.; Fernandes,Maria Helena V.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
A new type of material from polyamide coated with calcium phosphate was developed aiming to have potential application as biomaterial. Coating was obtained by the sol-gel method and calcium phosphate was obtained after contact with body fluid solution. The coated polyamide (before and after contact with body fluid solution) was characterized by thermogravimetric and differential thermal (TGA/DTA) analyses, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). These characterizations revealed that the calcium phosphate coating has a thickness of less than 3 µm, which resulted in an increase in the melting point and improved the thermal stability of polyamide. After contact with body fluid, the interactions between the coating and the substrate remained, and there was formation of crystalline and amorphous phosphates on polyamide surface.

Investigation into the role of NaOH and calcium ions in the synthesis of calcium phosphate nanoshells

Yeo,C. H.; Zein,S. H. S.; Ahmad,A. L.; McPhail,D. S.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
Calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoshells were prepared using negatively charged liposomes (1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate sodium salt (DOPA)) as a template by base titration synthesis at various concentrations of NaOH and calcium ions. The elemental composition, morphology, particle size, particle size distribution and zeta potential of the products were determined via various characterisation techniques, such as energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The best results showed that stable spherical CaP nanoshells with a mean particle size of 197.5 ± 5.8 nm and a zeta potential of -34.5 ± 0.6 mV were successfully formed when 0.100 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and 0.100 M calcium ions were used. Moreover, an optimal pH of 10.52 and a final Ca/P molar ratio of 0.97 were achieved under these conditions.

Hydrothermal method for preparing calcium phosphate monoliths

García Carrodeguas,Raúl; Morejón Alonso,Loreley; García-Menocal,José Angel Delgado; Morejón Alonso,Lizette; Ginebra Molins,María Pau; Martínez Manent,Salvador; Gil Mur,Javier; Toledo Pérez,Jorge; Planell Estany,José Antonio
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
A new hydrothermal route for preparing biphasic calcium phosphate monoliths is proposed. Firstly, a slurry of beta-tricalcium phosphate/ortho-phosphoric acid (b-TCP/H3PO4) is cast into the desired final shape and size to obtain a block composed of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) and b-TCP. This block is then treated in 1.0 M Na2HPO4 at 60 °C in order to hydrolyze the DCPD into Ca10-x(HPO4)x(PO4) 6-x(OH)2-x (CDHA) and Ca8H2(PO4)6 .5H2O (OCP). The result is a monolithic piece which preserves the initial shape and size, but which is composed instead of CDHA, OCP, and b-TCP. During the initial stage, when the pH is slightly alkaline, the product of DCPD hydrolysis is CDHA. However, when a neutral or slightly acidic pH is reached OCP is formed. Test samples processed by this method showed complete conversion of DCPD into CDHA and OCP after 112 h of hydrolysis, and with a compressive strength of 16.2 MPa, similar to cancellous bone.

Calcium phosphate formation on alkali-treated titanium alloy and stainless steel

Teixeira,Ricardo Luiz Perez; Godoy,Geralda Cristina Durães de; Pereira,Marivalda de Magalhães
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Alternatives to the plasma spraying method have been developed to obtain calcium phosphate coatings, like the biomimetic method. This process is a physicochemical method in which a substrate is soaked in a solution that simulates the physiological conditions, for a period of time enough to form a desirable layer of the calcium phosphate on the substrate. The titanium substrate usually investigated in the literature is subjected to an alkali treatment to induce the calcium phosphate formation and improve adhesion of the coating. The goals of this work are to compare the effect of alkaline treatments on two substrates titanium alloy and stainless steel, usually used for implants and orthopedic prostheses. The metallic substrates were treated with NaOH 5N at 60 °C for 24 h and NaOH 20N at 90 °C for 30 min. The samples were immersed in simulated body fluid for 3 days and in a solution with a higher calcium concentration for another three days. The modified substrates and coatings were characterized using profilometry, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The alkaline treatment modified the characteristics of both substrates and allowed the nucleation a calcium phosphate film.

Influence of environmental calcium/phosphate and pH on glass ionomers

Ngo, Hien Chi; Yap, Adrian U. Jin; Wang, Xiao Yan
Fonte: Munksgaard Int Publishing Limited Publicador: Munksgaard Int Publishing Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
This study investigated the effects of environmental calcium/phosphate and pH on the hardness and elastic modulus of two glass-ionomer cements (GICs) [Fuji IX Fast (FN) and KetacMolar (KM)]. Specimens were randomly subjected to storage media of pH 3, 5, and 7. The calcium and phosphate levels of the storage solutions ranged from 0 to 2.4 mM. After 4 wk of conditioning, hardness and elastic modulus were determined using a depth-sensing microindentation test. Sectioned surfaces were observed with scanning electron microscopy. For both FN and KM, no significant change in hardness, elastic modulus, or surface structure were observed at pH 7 and 5, regardless of the concentration of calcium and phosphate. FN and KM specimens conditioned at pH 3 had lower hardness and modulus in comparison to those conditioned at pH 7. An increased level of environmental phosphate led to higher hardness and elastic modulus of FN and KM at pH 3. In general, a microscopic surface reaction layer was observed in specimens conditioned at pH 3. The thickness and structure of the reaction layer varied depending on environmental phosphate levels. The results suggest that the influence of environmental calcium and phosphate on GICs was pH dependent.; The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com

Desenvolvimento e avaliação 'in vitro' de um cimento de fosfato de calcio; Development and in vitro evaluation of a calcium phosphate cement

Claudenete Vieira Leal
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/03/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Os cimentos ósseos a base de fosfato de cálcio são materiais cerâmicos que apresentam biocompatibilidade devido a sua composição química semelhante à dos ossos, e bioatividade, promovendo a osteocondução. Com essas características, é possível a utilização desses materiais como implantes ósseos ou como preenchimento. Os cimentos de fosfato de cálcio são materiais constituídos por um pó e um líquido, que, ao serem misturados formam uma pasta que endurece espontaneamente à temperatura ambiente ou corpórea como resultado da precipitação de um ou vários fosfatos de cálcio. O pó pode ser composto por um ou vários fosfatos de cálcio, outros sais de cálcio e aditivos orgânicos. O líquido pode ser água ou soluções aquosas de compostos de cálcio ou fosfato. A proposta desse trabalho foi estudar a síntese de monólitos de fosfatos de cálcio baseado no sistema ?-Fosfato Tricálcio/Ácido Fosfórico (?-TCP/H3PO4), que produz hidrogeno fosfato de cálcio dihidratado (DCPD), um cimento de fosfato de cálcio que possui como principal vantagem baixo custo e a desvantagem de possuir pH ácido, podendo causar necrose em tecidos. Para contornar esse problema, o DCPD foi convertido em apatita pela hidrólise em solução alcalina. O estudo envolveu a síntese do ?-TCP...

Sintese de cimento osseo a base de α-TCP e estudo da influencia do Mg e do Si em suas propriedades finais; α-TCP calcium phosphate cement and the influence of Mg and Si substitution on its final properties

Mariana Motisuke
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/02/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
A necessidade de novos biomateriais que permitem considerável melhora na qualidade de vida de pessoas que sofrem de doenças relacionadas à velhice ou que apresentam algum tipo de lesão no tecido ósseo advindas de acidentes ou doenças como a obesidade e o câncer tem despertado o interesse dos pesquisadores. Neste contexto, o desenvolvimento de novos biomateriais para a ortopedia baseados nos fosfatos de cálcio é relevante uma vez que estes apresentam excelente biocompatibilidae e bioatividade devido à sua composição química semelhante à fase mineral de ossos e dentes. A substituição por silicato de alguns grupos fosfatos é, hoje em dia, uma área muito promissora no desenvolvimento de fosfatos de cálcio uma vez que a presença deste elemento pode aumentar a bioatividade e estimular a diferenciação das células aderidas à superfície dos substitutos ósseos. Dentre estes materiais, o que recebe grande destaque é o Si-α-TCP, que se utilizado como cimento ósseo promete resultados interessantes. Além disso, o silício atua como um elemento estabilizante da fase a, tornando possível a sua formação em temperaturas mais baixas que as normalmente empregadas e, por isso, reduzindo os custos de sua síntese. Assim...

Cell response of calcium phosphate based ceramics, a bone substitute material

Marchi,Juliana; Ribeiro,Christiane; Bressiani,Ana Helena de Almeida; Marques,Márcia Martins
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The aim of this study was to characterize calcium phosphate ceramics with different Ca/P ratios and evaluate cell response of these materials for use as a bone substitute. Bioceramics consisting of mixtures of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) powders in different proportions were pressed and sintered. The physical and chemical properties of these bioceramics were then characterized. Characterization of the biological properties of these materials was based on analysis of cell response using cultured fibroblasts. The number of cells attached to the samples was counted from SEM images of samples exposed to cell culture solution for different periods. These data were compared by analysis of variance (ANOVA) complemented by the Tukey's test. The TCP sample had higher surface roughness and lower density. The adherence and growth of FMM1 cells on samples from all groups was studied. Even though the different calcium based ceramics exhibited properties which made them suitable as bone substitutes, those with higher levels of β-TCP revealed improved cell growth on their surfaces. These observations indicated two-phase calcium phosphate based materials with a β-TCP surface layer to be a promising bone substitute.

Dense and porous titanium substrates with a biomimetic calcium phosphate coating

RIBEIRO, A.A.; ROCHA, M.N; PERIPOLLI, S.B.; ANDRADE, M.C.; PEREIRA, L.C.; OLIVEIRA, M.V.
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Applied Surface Science, Volume 265, 15 January 2013, Pages 250-256; The present work studied a biomimetic method using a simplified solution (SS) with calcium and phosphorus ions for coating titanium substrates, in order to improve their bioactivity. Commercially pure titanium dense sheet, microporous and macroporous titanium samples, both produced by powder metallurgy, were treated in NaOH solution followed by heat-treating and immersed in SS for 7, 14 or 21 days. The samples characterization was performed by quantitative metallographic analysis, confocal scanning optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and low angle X-ray diffraction. The results showed coatings with calcium phosphate precipitation in all samples, with globular or plate-like morphology, typical of hydroxyapatite and octacalcium phosphate, respectively, indicating that the solution (SS) has potential for coating titanium substrates. In addition, the different surfaces of substrates had an effect on the formed calcium phosphate phase and thickness of coatings, depending on the substrate type and imersion time in the simplified solution.

Synthesis and characterization of calcium phosphate and its relation to Cr(VI) adsorption properties

GRANADOS-CORREA,Francisco; BONIFACIO-MARTÍNEZ,Juan; SERRANO-GÓMEZ,Juan
Fonte: Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, UNAM Publicador: Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, UNAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2010 EN
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66.4%
Calcium phosphate with hydroxyapatite structure was synthesized and its ability to adsorb Cr(VI) from aqueous solution is presented. XRD, BET, IR, TGA, SEM and EDS techniques were used to characterize the obtained material. Apure phase was obtained through a simple synthesis process. The specific surface area of the synthesized powder was found to be 64.5 m² g-1. The X-ray diffraction pattern shows that the calcium phosphate formed was nanocrystalline with an average grain size of approximately 75 nm. A fast adsorption was observed and in less than 24 h it was found that 2.41 x 10-4 meq g-1 of Cr(VI) ions were adsorbed on calcium phosphate. Desorption experiments showed that Cr(VI) adsorption decreased to 2.23 x 10-4 meq g-1 of calcium phosphate. This behavior is a consequence of partial dehydration of the synthesized material. Calcium phosphate can be effectively used for removing Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions in treatment processes of metal wastes.

Uptake of CrO4(2-) Ions by Fe-Treated Tri-Calcium Phosphate

Serrano-Gómez,Juan; Ramírez-Sandoval,Jorge Luis; Bonifacio- Martínez,Juan; Granados-Correa,Francisco; Badillo-Almaraz,Verónica Elizabeth
Fonte: Sociedad Química de México A.C. Publicador: Sociedad Química de México A.C.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
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CrO4(2-) ion adsorption on Fe-treated tri-calcium phosphate was studied by batch experiments as a function of contact time, initial concentration of metal ion and temperature. Adsorption results showed that at pH 5.5 and 1.0×10-4 M chromium concentration the adsorption capacity of Fe-treated tri-calcium phosphate for CrO4(2-) ions was 7.10 × 10-3 mmol/g. Chromium adsorption data on Fe-treated tri-calcium phosphate at various initial concentration fitted the Freundlich isotherm. By temperature studies the thermodynamic parameters ΔH0, ΔG0 and ΔS0 were estimated and the obtained results showed that the adsorption reaction was endothermic and spontaneous.