Página 1 dos resultados de 418 itens digitais encontrados em 0.002 segundos

CYP1A2*1C, CYP2E1*5B, and GSTM1 polymorphisms are predictors of risk and poor outcome in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients

OLIVIERI, Eloisa Helena Ribeiro; SILVA, Sabrina Daniela da; MENDONCA, Fernando Fernandes; URATA, Yuri Nagamine; VIDAL, Daniel Onofre; FARIA, Marcilia de Araujo Medrado; NISHIMOTO, Ines Nobuko; RAINHO, Claudia Aparecida; KOWALSKI, Luiz Paulo; ROGATTO, Silv
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.58%
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is associated with environmental factors, especially tobacco and alcohol consumption. Most of the carcinogens present in tobacco smoke are converted into DNA-reactive metabolites by cytochrome P450 (CYPs) enzymes and detoxification of these substances is performed by glutathione S-transferases (GSTs). It has been suggested that genetic alterations, such as polymorphisms, play an important role in tumorigenesis and HNSCC progression. The aim of this study was to investigate CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2E1, GSTM1, and GSTT1 polymorphisms as risk factors in HNSCC and their association with clinicopathologic data. The patients comprised 153 individuals with HNSCC (cases) and 145 with no current or previous diagnosis of cancer (controls). Genotyping of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and CYP2E1 genes was performed by PCR-RFLP and the GSTM1 and GSTT1 copy number polymorphisms (CNPs) were analyzed by PCR-multiplex. As expected, a significant difference was detected for tobacco and alcohol consumption between cases and controls (P < 0.001). It was observed that the CYP1A2*1D (OR = 16.24) variant and GSTM1 null alleles (OR = 0.02) confer increased risk of HNSCC development (P < 0.001). In addition...

Avaliação da atividade da CYP1A2 com excreção de cafeína na urina de pacientes com esquizofrenia com prescrição de clozapina

Mascarenhas, Rita de Cássia Gonçalves
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.5%
Introdução: A esquizofrenia é uma doença mental que evolui para a cronicidade em mais de 80 % dos casos, caracterizada por distorções do pensamento, delírios bizarros, alterações na senso-percepção e respostas emocionais inadequadas, que podem levar o paciente a algum grau de deterioração. É uma das formas mais importantes de doença psiquiátrica, porque afeta pessoas jovens, com evolução em geral para incapacitação funcional e prejuízo social. A farmacoterapia tem provado ser o ponto chave na terapêutica da esquizofrenia. Embora não curativas, as drogas antipsicóticas se estabeleceram como o tratamento primário para todos os estágios da doença, possuindo efeito clínico significativo em cerca de 80 % dos casos,os demais apresentam a chamada forma refratária, que responde em 60 % dos casos a medicação denominada Clozapina.A CYP1A2 é a principal enzima hepática de metabolização da clozapina, e o conhecimento prévio de sua atividade enzimática pode possibilitar a personalização da terapia medicamentosa, permitindo ao médico escolher o fármaco e a dose que melhor se adapte ao perfil de metabolização do paciente, aumentando desta forma a eficácia do tratamento e a redução do aparecimento dos efeitos adversos descritos para a clozapina. Objetivo: Avaliar a excreção de cafeína inalterada na urina...

Cyp1a2(-/-) null mutant mice develop normally but show deficient drug metabolism.

Liang, H C; Li, H; McKinnon, R A; Duffy, J J; Potter, S S; Puga, A; Nebert, D W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/02/1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.87%
Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) is a predominantly hepatic enzyme known to be important in the metabolism of numerous foreign chemicals of pharmacologic, toxicologic, and carcinogenic significance. CYP1A2 substrates include aflatoxin B1, acetaminophen, and a variety of environmental arylamines. To define better the developmental and metabolic functions of this enzyme, we developed a CYP1A2-deficient mouse line by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells. Mice homozygous for the targeted Cyp1a2 gene, designated Cyp1a2(-/-), are completely viable and fertile; histologic examination of 15-day embryos, newborn pups, and 3-week-old mice revealed no abnormalities. No CYP1A2 mRNA was detected by Northern blot analysis. Moreover, mRNA levels of Cyp1a1, the other gene in the same subfamily, appear unaffected by loss of the Cyp1a2 gene. Because the muscle relaxant zoxazolamine is a known substrate for CYP1A2, we studied the Cyp1a2(-/-) genotype by using the zoxazolamine paralysis test: the Cyp1a2(-/-) mice exhibited dramatically lengthened paralysis times relative to the Cyp1a2(+/+) wild-type animals, and the Cyp1a2(+/-) heterozygotes showed an intermediate effect. Availability of a viable and fertile CYP1A2-deficient mouse line will provide a valuable tool for researchers wishing to define the precise role of CYP1A2 in numerous metabolic and pharmacokinetic processes.

Uroporphyria produced in mice by iron and 5-aminolaevulinic acid does not occur in Cyp1a2(-/-) null mutant mice.

Sinclair, P R; Gorman, N; Dalton, T; Walton, H S; Bement, W J; Sinclair, J F; Smith, A G; Nebert, D W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/02/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.82%
In the present study we have investigated the putative requirement for the cytochrome P-450 isoform CYP1A2 in murine uroporphyria, by comparing Cyp1a2(-/-) knockout mice with Cyp1a2(+/+) wild-type mice. Uroporphyria was produced by injecting animals with iron-dextran and giving the porphyrin precursor 5-aminolaevulinic acid in the drinking water. Some animals also received 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) to induce hepatic CYP1A2. In both protocols, uroporphyria was elicited by these treatments in the Cyp1a2(+/+) wild-type mice, but not in the null mutant mice. Uroporphyrinogen oxidation activity in hepatic microsomes from untreated Cyp1a2(+/+) mice was 2.5-fold higher than in Cyp1a2(-/-) mice. Treatment with MC increased hepatic CYP1A1 in both mouse lines and hepatic CYP1A2 only in the Cyp1a2(+/+) line, as determined by Western immunoblotting. MC increased hepatic ethoxy- and methoxy-resorufin O-dealkylase activities in both mouse lines, but increased uroporphyrinogen oxidation activity in the Cyp1a2(+/+) wild-type mice only. These results indicate the absolute requirement for hepatic CYP1A2 in causing experimental uroporphyria under the conditions used.

Heteromeric Complex Formation between CYP2E1 and CYP1A2: Evidence for the involvement of electrostatic interactions†

Kelley, Rusty W.; Cheng, Dongmei; Backes, Wayne L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/12/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.77%
Mixed reconstituted systems containing CYP2B4, CYP1A2 and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase were previously shown to exhibit a dramatic inhibition of 7-pentoxyresorufin-O-dealkylation (PROD) when compared to simple reconstituted systems containing reductase and a single P450 enzyme, results consistent with the formation of CYP1A2-CYP2B4 complexes where the reductase binds with high affinity to the CYP1A2 moiety of the complex. In this report, we provide evidence for an interaction between CYP1A2 and CYP2E1. Synergism of 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylation (EROD) and PROD was observed when these P450s were combined in mixed reconstituted systems at subsaturating reductase concentrations. Higher ionic strength attenuated the synergistic stimulation of both PROD and EROD in mixed reconstituted systems, consistent with disruption of heteromeric CYP2E1-CYP1A2 complexes. The effect of ionic strength was further examined as a function of reductase concentration. At lower ionic strength, there was a significant synergistic stimulation of EROD. This synergistic stimulation diminished with increasing reductase concentration, resulting in an additive response as reductase became saturating. Interestingly, at high ionic strength, the synergism of EROD in the mixed reconstituted system was not observed. In contrast...

Theophylline has no advantages over caffeine as a putative model drug for assessing CYP1A2 activity in humans

Rasmussen, Birgitte Buur; Brøsen, Kim
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.69%
Aims The cytochrome P4501A2 (CYP1A2) catalyses the metabolism of a number of clinically used drugs, and thus there is an interest in determining the activity of CYP1A2 in patients before treatment with CYP1A2 substrates. Caffeine is the most commonly used model drug to assess CYP1A2 function, but due to the complex metabolism of caffeine, there is a need for an alternative drug to use as an index of CYP1A2 activity. In this study the CYP1A2 substrate theophylline was tested as a possible alternative to caffeine as a model drug for CYP1A2.

Comparison of CYP1A2 and NAT2 Phenotypes between Black and White Smokers

Muscat, Joshua E.; Pittman, Brian; Kleinman, Wayne; Lazarus, Philip; Stellman, Steven D.; Richie, John P.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.73%
The lower incidence rate of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder in blacks than in whites may be due to racial differences in the catalytic activity of enzymes that metabolize carcinogenic arylamines in tobacco smoke. To examine this, we compared cytochrome P4501A2 (CYP1A2) and N-acetyltransferase-2 activities (NAT2) in black and white smokers using urinary caffeine metabolites as a probe for enzyme activity in a community-based study of 165 black and 183 white cigarette smokers. The paraxanthine (1,7-dimethylxanthine, 17X)/caffeine (trimethylxanthine, 137X) ratio or [17X + 1,7-dimethyluric acid (17U)]/137X ratio was used as an indicator of CYP1A2 activity. The 5-acetyl-amino-6-formylamino-3-methyluracil (AFMU)/1-methylxanthine (1X) ratio indicated NAT2 activity. The odds ratio for the slow NAT2 phenotype associated with black race was 0.4; 95% confidence intervals 0.2–0.7. The putative combined low risk phenotype (slow CYP1A2/rapid NAT2) was more common in blacks than in whites (25% vs. 15%, P<0.02). There were no significant racial differences in slow and rapid CYP1A2 phenotypes, and in the combined slow NAT2/rapid CYP1A2 phenotype. Age, education, cigarette smoking amount, body mass index, GSTM1 and GSTM3 genotypes were unrelated to CYP1A2 and NAT2 activity. Intake of cruciferous vegetables (primarily broccoli)...

CYP1A2, GSTM1, and GSTT1 polymorphisms and diet effects on CYP1A2 activity in a crossover feeding trial*

Peterson, Sabrina; Schwarz, Yvonne; Li, Shuying S.; Li, Lin; King, Irena B.; Chen, Chu; Eaton, David L.; Potter, John D.; Lampe, Johanna W.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.82%
Cytochrome P-450 1A2 (CYP1A2) is a biotransformation enzyme that activates several procarcinogens. CYP1A2 is induced by cruciferous and inhibited by apiaceous vegetable intake. Using a randomized, cross-over feeding trial in humans, we investigated dose effects of cruciferous vegetables and effects of any interaction between cruciferous and apiaceous vegetables on CYP1A2 activity. We also investigated whether response varied by CYP1A2*1F, GSTM1, and GSTT1 genotypes (glutathione S-transferases that metabolize crucifer constituents) and whether CYP1A2 activity rebounds after apiaceous vegetables are removed from the diet. Participants (N = 73), recruited based on genotypes, consumed four diets for two weeks each: low-phytochemical diet (basal), basal plus single dose of cruciferous (1C), basal plus double dose of cruciferous (2C), and basal plus single dose of cruciferous and apiaceous vegetables (1C+A). CYP1A2 activity was determined by urine caffeine tests administered at baseline and the end of each feeding period. Compared with basal diet, the 1C diet increased CYP1A2 activity (P < 0.0001) and the 2C diet resulted in further increases (P < 0.0001) with men experiencing greater dose-response than women. The 1C+A diet decreased CYP1A2 activity compared to the 1C and 2C diets (P < 0.0001 for both). Although there was no overall effect of CYP1A2*1F or GSTM1-null/GSTT1-null genotypes or genotype-by-diet interactions...

Hyper- and Hypo- Induction of Cytochrome P450 activities with Aroclor 1254 and 3-Methylcholanthrene in Cyp1a2(−/−) mice

Barker, Melissa L.; Hathaway, Laura B.; Arch, Dorinda D.; Westbroek, Mark L.; Kushner, James P.; Phillips, John D.; Franklin, Michael R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.82%
The response of hepatic mono-oxygenase activities to Aroclor 1254 or 3-methylcholanthrene was investigated in wild-type and Cyp1a2(−/−) mice. Cytochrome P450 concentrations were similar in naïve Cyp1a2(−/−) and wild-type mice. There was no difference between naïve wild-type and Cyp1a2(−/−) animals in 7-ethoxyresorufin and 7-ethoxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin dealkylase activities, nor was the induction response after 3-methylcholanthrene any different between the two genotypes. However, both activities were induced to a higher extent in Cyp1a2(−/−) mice after Aroclor 1254. In contrast, 7-pentoxyresorufin dealkylation activity was lower in Cyp1a2(−/−) mice and this differential was maintained during induction by both agents. 7-Methoxy- and 7-benzoxyresorufin dealkylation activities were also lower than wild-type in naïve Cyp1a2(−/−) animals and during 3-methylcholanthrene induction, but showed accelerated induction in Cyp1a2(−/−) mice with Aroclor 1254. Bufuralol 1′- and testosterone 6β-hydroxylation activities, and P450 characteristics were evaluated 48 hours after inducer administration. Bufuralol 1′-hydroxylation, a sexual dimorphic activity (female > male) showed no genotype differences in naïve animals. Activity changes varied across gender and genotype...

Disruption of the Gene for CYP1A2, which Is Expressed Primarily in Liver, Leads to Differential Regulation of Hepatic and Pulmonary Mouse CYP1A1 Expression and Augmented Human CYP1A1 Transcriptional Activation in Response to 3-Methylcholanthrene In Vivo

Jiang, Weiwu; Wang, Lihua; Kondraganti, Sudha R.; Fazili, Inayat S.; Couroucli, Xanthi I.; Felix, Edward A.; Moorthy, Bhagavatula
Fonte: The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Publicador: The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.73%
The cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) enzymes play important roles in the metabolic activation and detoxification of numerous environmental carcinogens, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that hepatic CYP1A2 differentially regulates mouse hepatic and pulmonary CYP1A1 expression and suppresses transcriptional activation of human CYP1A1 (hCYP1A1) promoter in response to 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) in vivo. Administration of wild-type (WT) (C57BL/6J) or Cyp1a2-null mice with a single dose of MC (100 μmol/kg i.p.) caused significant increases in hepatic CYP1A1/1A2 activities, apoprotein content, and mRNA levels 1 day after carcinogen withdrawal compared with vehicle-treated controls. The induction persisted in the WT, but not Cyp1a2-null, animals, for up to 15 days. In the lung, MC caused persistent CYP1A1 induction for up to 8 days in both genotypes, with Cyp1a2-null mice displaying a greater extent of CYP1A1 expression. It is noteworthy that MC caused significant augmentation of human CYP1A1 promoter activation in transgenic mice expressing the hCYP1A1 and the reporter luciferase gene on a Cyp1a2-null background, compared with transgenic mice on the WT background. In contrast, the mouse endogenous hepatic...

In Utero and Lactational Exposure to a Complex Mixture of Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Toxicity in Pups Dependent on the Cyp1a2 and Ahr Genotypes

Curran, Christine P.; Vorhees, Charles V.; Williams, Michael T.; Genter, Mary Beth; Miller, Marian L.; Nebert, Daniel W.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.69%
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent toxic pollutants occurring as complex mixtures in the environment. Humans are known genetically to have > 60-fold differences in hepatic cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) levels and > 12-fold differences in aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) affinity, both of which could affect PCB pharmacokinetics. Thus, we compared Ahrb1_Cyp1a2(+/+) high-affinity AHR wild-type, Ahrd_Cyp1a2(+/+) poor affinity AHR wild-type, Ahrb1_Cyp1a2(−/−) knockout, and Ahrd_Cyp1a2(−/−) knockout mouse lines. We chose a mixture of three coplanar and five noncoplanar PCBs to reproduce that seen in human tissues, breast milk, and the food supply. The mixture was given by gavage to the mother on gestational day 10.5 (GD10.5) and postnatal day 5 (PND5); tissues were collected from pups and mothers at GD11.5, GD18.5, PND6, PND13, and PND28. Ahrb1_Cyp1a2(−/−) pups showed lower weight at birth and slower rate of growth postnatally. Absence of CYP1A2 resulted in significant splenic atrophy at PND13 and PND28. Presence of high-affinity AHR enhanced thymic atrophy and liver hypertrophy in the pups. Concentrations of each congener were analyzed at all time points: maximal noncoplanar congener levels in maternal tissues were observed from GD18 until PND6...

Pregnancy Decreases Rat CYP1A2 Activity and Expression

Walker, Alysa A.; Dickmann, Leslie; Isoherranen, Nina
Fonte: The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Publicador: The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.89%
Pregnancy results in increased CYP3A- and CYP2D6-mediated clearance but decreases the clearance of CYP1A2 probe drugs. The aim of this study was to determine whether the decreased CYP1A2 activity during human pregnancy could be explained by decreased expression of CYP1A2 protein and mRNA using the rat as a model. Potential mechanisms leading to decreased CYP1A2 activity and expression were also investigated. Hepatic CYP1A2 activity, protein, and mRNA were measured during mid- and late gestation and compared to nonpregnant control levels. In addition, the effect of 17-β-estradiol and progesterone on CYP1A2 mRNA levels was assessed using rat hepatocytes, and the effect of estrogens or progesterone on CYP1A2 activity in vitro was tested. CYP1A2-mediated probe clearance decreased between 48 and 62% (p < 0.05) during pregnancy, with no difference in CYP1A2 activity between mid- and late pregnancy. This decrease in probe clearance was accompanied by a 33 ± 8% (midpregnancy) and 29 ± 27% (late pregnancy) decrease in CYP1A2 protein expression (p < 0.05) and a 53% decline in methoxyresorufin O-demethylation Vmax (p < 0.05). CYP1A2 mRNA was not significantly different from controls at midpregnancy and decreased by 27 ± 20% (p < 0.05) of control during late pregnancy. Estradiol and progesterone had no effect on CYP1A2 mRNA in rat hepatocytes and did not inhibit CYP1A2 activity. These data demonstrate that pregnancy decreases CYP1A2 activity and expression with a modest effect on CYP1A2 mRNA and suggest that the rat can be used as a model to study mechanisms by which pregnancy decreases CYP1A2 activity in humans.

Organization of NADPH-Cytochrome P450 Reductase and CYP1A2 in the Endoplasmic Reticulum—Microdomain Localization Affects Monooxygenase Function

Brignac-Huber, Lauren; Reed, James R.; Backes, Wayne L.
Fonte: The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Publicador: The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.69%
Cytochrome P450 is part of an electron transport chain found in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), with its catalytic function requiring interactions with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR). The goals of this study were to examine how the P450 system proteins are organized in the membrane and to determine whether they are distributed in detergent-resistant lipid microdomains (DRM). Isolated liver microsomes from untreated rabbits were treated with 1% Brij 98, and DRMs were isolated via sucrose gradient centrifugation. Lipid analysis showed that DRM fractions were enriched in cholesterol and sphingomyelin, similar to that found with plasma membrane DRMs. Approximately 73% of CYP1A2 and 68% of CPR resided in DRM fractions, compared with only 33% of total ER proteins. These DRMs were found to be cholesterol-dependent: CPR and CYP1A2 migrated to the more dense regions of the sucrose gradient after cholesterol depletion. CYP1A2 function was studied in three purified lipid vesicles consisting of 1) phosphatidylcholine (V-PC), 2) lipids with a composition similar to ER lipids (V-ER), and 3) lipids with a composition similar to the DRM fractions (V-DRM). Each system showed similar substrate binding characteristics. However, when the association between CPR and CYP1A2 was measured...

Pathway-Targeted Pharmacogenomics of CYP1A2 in Human Liver

Klein, Kathrin; Winter, Stefan; Turpeinen, Miia; Schwab, Matthias; Zanger, Ulrich M.
Fonte: Frontiers Research Foundation Publicador: Frontiers Research Foundation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/11/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.69%
The human drug metabolizing cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, is one of the major P450 isoforms contributing by about 5–20% to the hepatic P450 pool and catalyzing oxidative biotransformation of up to 10% of clinically relevant drugs including clozapine and caffeine. CYP1A2 activity is interindividually highly variable and although twin studies have suggested a high heritability, underlying genetic factors are still unknown. Here we adopted a pathway-oriented approach using a large human liver bank (n = 150) to elucidate whether variants in candidate genes of constitutive, ligand-inducible, and pathophysiological inhibitory regulatory pathways may explain different hepatic CYP1A2 phenotypes. Samples were phenotyped for phenacetin O-deethylase activity, and the expression of CYP1A2 protein and mRNA was determined. CYP1A2 expression and function was increased in smokers and decreased in patients with inflammation and cholestasis. Of 169 SNPs in 17 candidate genes including the CYP1A locus, 136 non-redundant SNPs with minor allele frequency >5% were analyzed by univariate and multivariate methods. A total of 13 strong significant associations were identified, of which 10 SNPs in the ARNT, AhRR, HNF1α, IL1β, SRC-1, and VDR genes showed consistent changes for at least two phenotypes by univariate analysis. Multivariate linear modeling indicated that the polymorphisms and non-genetic factors together explained 42...

UROPORPHYRIA IN THE Cyp1a2−/− MOUSE

Phillips, John D.; Kushner, James P.; Bergonia, Hector A.; Franklin, Michael R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.69%
Cytochrome P4501A2 (Cyp1a2) is important in the development of uroporphyria in mice, a model of porphyria cutanea tarda in humans. Heretofore, mice homozygous for the Cyp1a2−/− mutation do not develop uroporphyria with treatment regimens that result in uroporphyria in wild-type mice. Here we report uroporphyria development in Cyp1a2−/− mice additionally null for both alleles of the hemochromatosis (Hfe) gene and heterozygous for deletion of the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (Urod) gene (genotype: Cyp1a2−/−; Hfe−/−;Urod+/−), demonstrating that upon adding porphyria-predisposing genetic manipulations, Cyp1a2 is not essential. Cyp1a2−/−; Hfe−/−;Urod+/− mice were treated with various combinations of an iron-enriched diet, parenteral iron-dextran, drinking water containing δ-aminolevulinic acid and intraperitoneal Aroclor 1254 (a polychlorinated biphenyl mixture) and analyzed for uroporphyrin accumulation. Animals fed an iron-enriched diet alone did not develop uroporphyria but uroporphyria developed with all treatments that included iron supplementation and δ-aminolevulinic acid, even with a regimen without Aroclor 1254. Hepatic porphyrin levels correlated with low UROD activity and high levels of an inhibitor of UROD but marked variability in the magnitude of the porphyric response was present in all treatment groups. Gene expression profiling revealed no major differences between genetically identical triple cross mice exhibiting high and low magnitude porphyric responses from iron-enriched diet and iron-dextran supplementation...

Caffeine induces CYP1A2 expression in rat hepatocytes but not in human hepatocytes

Vaynshteyn, David; Jeong, Hyunyoung
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.73%
Caffeine is the active constituent in coffee. Continual consumption of caffeine can lead to an attenuated response also known as tolerance. Results from rat studies have shown that caffeine is an inducer of CYP1A2, the enzyme responsible for caffeine’s metabolism. This suggests that CYP1A2 induction by caffeine may be in part responsible for caffeine tolerance. However, whether caffeine induces CYP1A2 expression in humans remains unknown. Our results from luciferase assays performed in HepG2 cells showed that caffeine is not an activator of the aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a major transcription factor involved in upregulation of CYP1A2. Furthermore, caffeine did not induce CYP1A2 expression in primary human hepatocytes at a concentration attained by ordinary coffee drinking. On the other hand, caffeine enhanced CYP1A2 expression by 9-fold in rat hepatocytes. Our results suggestthat caffeine from ordinary coffee drinking does not induce CYP1A2 expression in humans and that factors other than CYP1A2 induction by caffeine likely contribute to development of caffeine tolerance in humans.

Interactions between Cytochromes P450 2B4 (CYP2B4) and 1A2 (CYP1A2) Lead to Alterations in Toluene Disposition and P450 Uncoupling

Reed, James R.; Cawley, George F.; Backes, Wayne L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.73%
The goal of this study was to characterize the effects of CYP1A2•CYP2B4 complex formation on the rates and efficiency of toluene metabolism by comparing the results from simple reconstituted systems containing P450 reductase (CPR) and a single P450 to those using a mixed system containing CPR and both P450s. In the mixed system, the rates of formation of CYP2B4-specific benzyl alcohol and p-cresol were inhibited, whereas that of CYP1A2-specific o-cresol was increased, results consistent with the formation of a CYP1A2•CYP2B4 complex where the CYP1A2 moiety has higher affinity for CPR binding. Comparison of the rates of NADPH oxidation and production of hydrogen peroxide and excess water by the simple and mixed systems indicated that excess water formed at a much lower rate in the mixed system. The commensurate increase in the rate of CYP1A2-specific product formation suggested the P450•P450 interaction increased the putative rate-limiting step of CYP1A2 catalysis, abstraction of a hydrogen radical from the substrate. Cumene hydroperoxide-supported metabolism was measured to determine whether the effects of the P450•P450 interaction required the presence of CPR. Peroxidative metabolism was not affected by the interaction of the two P450s...

Curative Effects of ZHENG-Based Fuzheng-Huayu Tablet on Hepatitis B Caused Cirrhosis Related to CYP1A2 Genetic Polymorphism

Li, Qing-Ya; Guo, Zhi-Zhong; Deng, Xin; Xu, Lie-Ming; Gao, Yue-Qiu; Zhang, Wei; Wang, Xiao-Su; Xue, Dong-Ying; Lu, Yi-Yu; Liu, Ping; Su, Shi-Bing
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.73%
Aim. To investigate the correlation of Fuzheng-Huayu tablet (FZHY) efficacy on chronic hepatitis B caused cirrhosis (HBC) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CYP1A2. Methods. After 111 cases of HBC with 69 excess, 21 deficiency-excess, and 21 deficiency ZHENGs (ZHENG, also called traditional Chinese medicine syndrome) were treated by FZHY for 6 months, clinical symptoms, Child-Pugh score, and ZHENG score were observed. Three of the SNPs in CYP1A2 gene were detected and analyzed using SNaPshot assay. Results. In ZHENG efficacy between effective and invalid groups, there was significant difference (P < 0.001). The ZHENG deficiency was significantly correlated with FZHY efficacy (P < 0.05). AA genotype of CYP1A2-G2964A was significantly different with GG genotype (P < 0.05) between CYP1A2 Genotypes and FZHY efficacy on ZHENG. More importantly, GA plus AA genotype of CYP1A2-G2964A was significantly different with deficiency ZHENG (P < 0.05) between CYP1A2 genotypes and FZHY efficacy on ZHENG. Conclusion. FZHY improved ZHENG score of HBC, and these efficacies may relate to CYP1A2-G2964A sites. It was suggested that CYP1A2-G2964A locus is probably a risk factor for ZHENG-based FZHY efficacy in HBC.

Inhibition of Baicalin on Metabolism of Phenacetin, a Probe of CYP1A2, in Human Liver Microsomes and in Rats

Gao, Na; Qi, Bing; Liu, Fang-jun; Fang, Yan; Zhou, Jun; Jia, Lin-jing; Qiao, Hai-ling
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.77%
Baicalin has been used as mainly bioactive constituent of about 100 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines in Chinese pharmacopoeia. The effect of baicalin on cytochrome P450 should be paid more attention because baicalin was used widely. The aim of this study was to investigate whether baicalin could inhibit CYP1A2 in pooled human liver microsomes (HLMs) and in rats in vivo and the gene polymorphisms could affect inter-individual variation in IC50 in 28 human livers. Phenacetin was used as probe of CYP1A2. Kinetic parameter of CYP1A2 and IC50 of baicalin on CYP1A2 to each sample were measured and the common CYP1A2 polymorphisms (−3860G>A and −163C>A) were genotyped. The results showed that baicalin exhibited a mixed-type inhibition in pooled HLMs, with a Ki value of 25.4 µM. There was substantial variation in Km, Vmax, CLint of CYP1A2 and IC50 of baicalin on CYP1A2 (3∼10-fold). The range was from 26.6 to 114.8 µM for Km, from 333 to 1330 pmol·min−1·mg−1protein for Vmax and from 3.8 to 45.3 µL·min−1·mg−1 protein for CLint in HLMs (n = 28). The Mean (range) value of IC50 in 28 HLMs was 36.3 (18.9 to 56.1) µM. The genotypes of −3860G>A and −163C>A had no significant effect on the inhibition of baicalin on CYP1A2. The animal experiment results showed that baicalin (450 mg/kg...

Quercetin Significantly Inhibits the Metabolism of Caffeine, a Substrate of Cytochrome P450 1A2 Unrelated to CYP1A2*1C  (−2964G>A) and *1F (734C>A) Gene Polymorphisms

Xiao, Jian; Huang, Wei-Hua; Peng, Jing-Bo; Tan, Zhi-Rong; Ou-Yang, Dong-Sheng; Hu, Dong-Li; Zhang, Wei; Chen, Yao
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.69%
Background. Quercetin is abundant in plants and human diets. Previous studies indicated that quercetin inhibited the activity of CYP1A2, and the combination of quercetin with the substrates of CYP1A2 might produce herb-drug interactions. This research aims to determine the effects of quercetin and the CYP1A2 gene polymorphisms, namely, CYP1A2*1C  (−2964G>A) and *1F (734C>A), on the metabolism of caffeine. Method. The experiment was designed into two treatment phases separated by a 2-week washout period. Six homozygous individuals for the CYP1A2*1C/*1F (GG/AA) genotype and 6 heterozygous individuals for the CYP1A2*1C/*1F (GA/CA) genotype were enrolled in the study. Quercetin capsules (500 mg) were given to each volunteer once daily for 13 consecutive days, and after that, each subject was coadministrated 100 mg caffeine capsules with 500 mg quercetin on the 14th day. Then a series of venous blood samples were collected for HPLC analysis. Correlation was determined between pharmacokinetics of caffeine and paraxanthine with caffeine metabolite ratio. Results. Quercetin significantly affected the pharmacokinetics of caffeine and its main metabolite paraxanthine, while no differences were found in the pharmacokinetics of caffeine and paraxanthine between GG/AA and GA/CA genotype groups. Conclusion. Quercetin significantly inhibits the caffeine metabolism...