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Fully electrochemical hyphenated flow system for preconcentration, cleanup, stripping, capillary electrophoresis with stacking and contactless conductivity detection of trace heavy metals

LOPES, Fernando Silva; ANTUNES JUNIOR, Osmar; GUTZ, Ivano G. R.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.58%
Successful coupling of electrochemical preconcentration (EPC) to capillary electrophoresis (CE) with contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D) is reported for the first time. The EPC-CE interface comprises a dual glassy carbon electrode (GCE) block, a spacer and an upper block with flow inlet and outlet, pseudo-reference electrode and a fitting for the CE silica column, consisting of an orifice perpendicular to the surface of a glassy carbon electrode with a bushing inside to ensure a tight press fit. The end of the capillary in contact with the GCE is slant polished, thus defining a reproducible distance from the electrode surface to the column bore. First results with EPC-CE-C(4)D are very promising, as revealed by enrichment factors of two orders of magnitude for Tl, Cu, Pb and Cd ion peak area signals. Detection limits for 10 min deposition time fall around 20 nmol L(-1) with linear calibration curves over a wide range. Besides preconcentration, easy matrix exchange between accumulation and stripping/injection favors procedures like sample cleanup and optimization of pH, ionic strength and complexing power. This was demonstrated for highly saline samples by using a low conductivity buffer for stripping/injection to improve separation and promote field-enhanced sample stacking during electromigration along the capillary. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico...

A compact and high-resolution version of a capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detector

FRANCISCO, Kelliton Jose Mendonca; LAGO, Claudimir Lucio do
Fonte: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH Publicador: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.66%
An all-in-one version of a capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detector is introduced. The absence of moving parts (potentiometers and connectors) makes it compact (6.5 cm(3)) and robust. A local oscillator, working at 1.1 MHz, was optimized to use capillaries of id from 20 to 100 lam. Low noise circuitry and a high-resolution analog-to-digital converter (ADC) (21 bits effective) grant good sensitivities for capillaries and background electrolytes currently used in capillary electrophoresis. The fixed frequency and amplitude of the signal generator is a drawback that is compensated by the steady calibration curves for conductivity. Another advantage is the possibility of determining the inner diameter of a capillary by reading the ADC when air and subsequently water flow through the capillary. The difference of ADC reading may be converted into the inner diameter by a calibration curve. This feature is granted by the 21-bit ADC, which eliminates the necessity of baseline compensation by hardware. In a typical application, the limits of detection based on the 3 sigma criterion (without baseline filtering) were 0.6, 0.4, 0.3, 0.5, 0.6, and 0.8 mu mol/L for K(+), Ba(2+), Ca(2+), Na(+), Mg(2+), and Li(+), respectively, which is comparable to other high-quality implementations of a capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detector.; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvmtento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)

Environmental formaldehyde analysis by active diffusive sampling with a bundle of polypropylene porous capillaries followed by capillary zone electrophoretic separation and contactless conductivity detection

ROCHA, Flavio R.; COELHO, Luicia H. G.; LOPES, Marcelo L. A.; CARVALHO, Lilian R. F.; SILVA, Jose A. Fracassi da; LAGO, Claudimir L. do; GUTZ, Ivano G. R.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.52%
Compared to other volatile carbonylic compounds present in outdoor air, formaldehyde (CH2O) is the most toxic, deserving more attention in terms of indoor and outdoor air quality legislation and control. The analytical determination of CH2O in air still presents challenges due to the low-level concentration (in the sub-ppb range) and its variation with sampling site and time. Of the many available analytical methods for carbonylic compounds, the most widespread one is the time consuming collection in cartridges impregnated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine followed by the analysis of the formed hydrazones by HPLC. The present work proposes the use of polypropylene hollow porous capillary fibers to achieve efficient CH2O collection. The Oxyphan (R) fiber (designed for blood oxygenation) was chosen for this purpose because it presents good mechanical resistance, high density of very fine pores and high ratio of collection area to volume of the acceptor fluid in the tube, all favorable for the development of air sampling apparatus. The collector device consists of a Teflon pipe inside of which a bundle of polypropylene microporous capillary membranes was introduced. While the acceptor passes at a low flow rate through the capillaries, the sampled air circulates around the fibers...

Direct detection of underivatized chitooligosaccharides produced through chitinase action using capillary zone electrophoresis

BLANES, Lucas; SAITO, Renata M.; GENTA, Fernando A.; DONEGA, Juliana; TERRA, Walter R.; FERREIRA, Clelia; LAGO, Claudimir Lucio do
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.56%
Capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection was successfully used to quantify N-acetylglucosamine and five N-acetyl-chitooligosaccharides (C2-C6) produced after reaction with a purified chitinase (TmChi) from Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera). No derivatization process was necessary. The separation was developed using 10 mM NaOH with 10% (v/v) acetonitrile as background electrolyte and homemade equipment with a system that avoids the harmful effect of electrolysis. The limit of detection for all oligosaccharides was ca. 3 mu M, and the results indicated that the larger the oligosaccharide, the higher the sensitivity. Analysis of the chitooligosaccharides produced revealed that TmChi has an endolytic cleavage pattern with C5 as the best substrate (higher catalytic efficiency k(cat)/K-M) releasing C2 and C3. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Determination of fluoroacetate and fluoride in blood serum by capillary zone electrophoresis using capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection

VIDAL, Denis Tadeu Rajh; AUGELLI, Marcio Antonio; HOTTA, Guilherme Minoru; LOPES, Fernando Silva; LAGO, Claudimir Lucio do
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.56%
Fluoroacetate is a highly toxic species naturally found in plants and in commercial products (compound 1080) for population control of several undesirable animal species. However, it is non-selective and toxic to many other animals including humans, and thus its detection is very important for forensic purposes. This paper presents a sensitive and fast method for the determination of fluoroacetate in blood serum using capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection. Serum blood samples were treated with ethanol to remove proteins. The samples were analyzed in BGE containing 15 mmol/L histidine and 30 mmol/L gluconic acid (pH 3.85). The calibration curve was linear up to 75 mu mol/L (R(2) = 0.9995 for N = 12). The detection limit in the blood serum was 0.15 mg/kg, which is smaller than the lethal dose for humans and other animals. Fluoride, a metabolite of the fluoroacetate defluorination, could also be detected for levels greater than 20 mu mol/L, when polybrene was used for reversion of the EOF. CTAB and didecyldimethylammonium bromide are not useful for this task because of the severe reduction of the fluoride level. However, no interference was observed for fluoroacetate.; FAPESP; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); CNPq

Determination of ciclopirox olamine in pharmaceutical products by capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection

FELIX, Fabiana Silva; LAGO, Claudimir Lucio do; ANGNES, Lucio
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.67%
This paper describes the determination of ciclopirox olamine in pharmaceutical formulations using capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection. In an alkaline medium, ciclopirox olamine is converted into an anionic species and its detection is possible in capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection without an electroosmotic flow modifier, because it is a low-mobility species. A linear working range from 2.64 to 264 mu g/mL in sodium hydroxide electrolyte as well as low detection limit (0.39 mu g/mL) and a good repeatability (RSD = 3.4% for 264 mu g/mL ciclopirox solution (n = 10)) were achieved. It was also possible to determine olamine in its cationic form when acetic acid was used as the electrolyte solution. The results obtained include a linear range from 26.4 to 184.8 mu g/mL and a detection limit of 2.6 mu g/mL olamine. The proposed methods were applied to the analysis of commercial pharmaceutical products and the results were compared with the values indicated by the manufacturer as well as those obtained using a titrimetric method recommended by American Pharmacopoeia.; FAPESP; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); CNPq; Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); CAPES; IM2C (Instituto do Milenio de Materiais Complexos); IM2C (Instituto do Milenio de Materiais Complexos); RENAMI project; RENAMI project; SAMUTI project; SAMUTI project

Fabrication and integration of planar electrodes for contactless conductivity detection on polyester-toner electrophoresis microchips

COLTRO, Wendell Karlos Tomazelli; SILVA, Jose Alberto Fracassi da; CARRILHO, Emanuel
Fonte: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH Publicador: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.41%
In this report, we describe the microfabrication and integration of planar electrodes for contactless conductivity detection on polyester-toner (PT) electrophoresis microchips using toner masks. Planar electrodes were fabricated by three simple steps: (i) drawing and laser-printing the electrode geometry on polyester films, (ii) sputtering deposition onto substrates, and (iii) removal of toner layer by a lift-off process. The polyester film with anchored electrodes was integrated to PT electrophoresis microchannels by lamination at 120 degrees C in less than 1 min. The electrodes were designed in an antiparallel configuration with 750 mu m width and 750 gm gap between them. The best results were recorded with a frequency of 400 kHz and 10 V-PP using a sinusoidal wave. The analytical performance of the proposed microchip was evaluated by electrophoretic separation of potassium, sodium and lithium in 150 mu m wide x 6 mu m deep microchannels. Under an electric field of 250 V/cm the analytes were successfully separated in less than 90 s with efficiencies ranging from 7000 to 13 000 plates. The detection limits (S/N = 3) found for K+, Na+, and Li+ were 3.1, 4.3, and 7.2 mu mol/L, respectively. Besides the low-cost and instrumental simplicity...

Quantification of terbinafine in pharmaceutical tablets using capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection and batch injection analysis with amperometric detection

Felix, Fabiana S.; Ferreira, Luis M. C.; Rossini, Pamela de O.; Lago, Claudimir L. do; Angnes, Lucio
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.58%
Terbinafine hydrochloride (TerbHCl) is an allylamine derivative with fungicidal action, especially against dermatophytes. Different analytical methods have been reported for quantifying TerbHCl in different samples. These procedures require time-consuming sample preparation or expensive instrumentation. In this paper, electrochemical methods involving capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection, and amperometry associated with batch injection analysis, are described for the determination of TerbHCl in pharmaceutical products. In the capillary electrophoresis experiments, terbinafine was protonated and analyzed in the cationic form in less than 1 min. A linear range from 1.46 to 36.4 mu g mL(-1) in acetate buffer solution and a detection limit of 0.11 mu g mL(-1) were achieved. In the amperometric studies, terbinafine was oxidized at +0.85 V with high throughput (225 injection h(-1)) and good linear range (10-100 mu mol L-1). It was also possible to determine the antifungal agent using simultaneous conductometric and potentiometric titrations in the presence of 5% ethanol. The electrochemical methods were applied to the quantification of TerbHCl in different tablet samples; the results were comparable with values indicated by the manufacturer and those found using titrimetry according to the Pharmacopoeia. The electrochemical methods are simple...

Determinação de cafeína e identificação de adulterações no café empregando a eletroforese capilar com detecção condutométrica sem contato; Determination of caffeine and identification of adulteration in coffee by capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection

Nogueira, Thiago
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.52%
Neste trabalho foram desenvolvidas estratégias para a determinação de cafeína e detecção de adulterações no café, empregando a eletroforese capilar com detecção condutométrica sem contato (CE-C4D). A estratégia desenvolvida para a separação da cafeína se baseia na complexação dinâmica do analito com o ânion do eletrólito de corrida, 3,4-dimetoxicinamato. Utilizou-se como eletrólito de corrida 20 mmol L-1 de ácido 3,4-dimetoxicinâmico/Tris (pH 8,5). As separações foram conduzidas contra o fluxo eletrosmótico e o tempo de análise foi menor do que 5 minutos. Adicionalmente, o método se mostrou seletivo uma vez que análogos da cafeína (teobromina e teofilina) apresentaram tempo de migração diferenciado. O método proposto foi comparado com uma metodologia padrão (HPLC), apresentando resultados concordantes. O método foi aplicado para a determinação de cafeína em amostras de café convencional, solúvel e descafeinado. O limite de quantificação estimado para o método (0,33 mg/g) se mostrou suficientemente baixo, de forma a atender às exigências da legislação vigente. A identificação de adulterações no café provenientes da adição de outros materiais pode ser procedida utilizando como indicadores os teores totais de glicose e xilose obtidas por hidrólise controlada. Para promover a separação dessas espécies dos demais carboidratos presentes no café...

Aplicação de eletroforese capilar com detecção condutométrica sem contato à determinação de espécies neutras; Application of capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection to the determination of neural species

Carvalho, Alexandre Zatkovskis
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/08/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.64%
Neste trabalho, foram desenvolvidos métodos para determinação de espécies neutras por eletroforese capilar (CE) com detecção condutométrica sem contato (CCD). Estratégias baseadas em eletroforese capilar em solução livre (FSCE) e cromatografia micelar eletrocinética (MEKC) foram utilizadas em três casos: misturas de álcoois alifáticos, misturas de açúcares e salbutamol. Estas substâncias foram escolhidas por apresentarem ampla distribuição de características químicas. Os n-álcoois possuem regiões polares e apoIares distintas ao longo da cadeia carbônica, sendo que em solução aquosa se apresentam invariavelmente como espécies neutras. Os açúcares, apesar das longas cadeias carbônicas, possuem grande número de hidroxilas uniformemente distribuídas e podem ser ionizados a valores elevados de pH. Já o salbutamol, pode ser encontrado como espécie catiônica, neutra ou aniônica, dependendo do pH do meio. A melhor aproximação para os álcoois foi MEKC, que permitiu a separação e detecção da ordem de 10-4 mol·L-1 para cinco isômeros de pentanol. A utilização de eletrólito de corrida com pH 12,1 permitiu a determinação de frutose, glicose, galactose e sacarose da ordem de 10-5 moI·L-1 por FSCE em capilares de 20 µm. Salbutamol pode ser detectado como cátion e ânion em FSCE em limites de detecção da ordem de dez vezes menores que aquele obtido para a espécie neutra por MEKC. Como o mecanismo pelo qual ocorre a detecção condutométrica em MEKC não era ainda bem conhecido...

Elaboração de um sistema de controle externo do fluxo eletrosmótico para eletroforese capilar com detecção condutométrica sem contato; Development of an external electroosmotic flow control system for capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection

Vidal, Denis Tadeu Rajh
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/06/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.52%
A presente dissertação trata da implementação, em um equipamento de eletroforese capilar (CE) com detecção condutométrica sem contato (C4D), de um sistema de controle externo do fluxo eletrosmótico (EOF) via tensão radial externa (Vrad). Através do potencial externo, aplicado diretamente ao capilar, é possível ter o controle do fluxo eletrosmótico de CE, pois, de forma simplificada, esta prática acopla vetorialmente um potencial externo aplicado com o potencial através da solução tampão dentro do capilar. O emprego da técnica possibilitou o aumento de resolução de 2 aminoácidos - Leucina e Isoleucina, cujas mobilidades diferem apenas de 0,12 cm2.V-1.s-1 entre si, em ácido acético 500 mmol.L-1 com pH = 2,55. A estratégia empregada aqui foi a que denominamos de "coluna capilar infinita", na qual, com as sucessivas inversões na direção do EOF, conseguimos aprisionar, dentro da coluna capilar, espécies com mobilidade eletroforética menor que a mobilidade do EOF. A literatura descreve que a inversão do EOF se torna mais difícil com o aumento do pH. Foram realizados testes em eletrólitos contendo agentes inversores de fluxo como o CTAB, o CaCl2 e o BaCl2. Ambos os aditivos foram usados em concentrações muito baixas...

Detecção condutométrica sem contato: uma nova ferramenta para monitoramento de interações biomoleculares em microssistemas analíticos; Contactless conductivity detection: a new tool for monitoring biomolecular interactions on analytical microsystems

Coltro, Wendell Karlos Tomazelli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/11/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.66%
O trabalho descrito nesta tese mostra a aplicação de um sistema de detecção condutométrica sem contato acoplado capacitivamente (C4D) para monitorar interações biomoleculares em microssistemas analíticos. Inicialmente, o desempenho analítico de microssistemas fabricados em vidro, poli(dimetilsiloxano) (PDMS) e poliéster-toner (PT) foi avaliado de modo a escolher o melhor material (em termos de facilidades de fabricação, custo e repetibilidade) para os ensaios biomoleculares. Dentre os materiais estudados, os dispositivos fabricados em PT mostraram-se mais adequados para testes rápidos, onde a repetibilidade analítica não é o parâmetro mais importante. Os dispositivos fabricados em PDMS e selados contra uma placa de vidro apresentaram os melhores resultados em termos de repetibilidade e o desempenho analítico foi similar aos dispositivos de vidro. Dessa maneira, os dispositivos fabricados em PDMS/vidro foram escolhidos para a demonstração dos objetivos da tese. Por outro lado, os dispositivos fabricados em PT foram explorados para estudar a configuração geométrica do sistema de C4D. A instrumentação para monitoramento dos ensaios de ligação foi composta basicamente de dois sistemas de C4D, um software escrito em LabVIEW e um sistema de bombeamento das soluções. De modo a encontrar a configuração ideal da cela de detecção...

Investigação por eletroforese capilar com detecção condutométrica sem contato sobre a formação e as propriedades de monoalquil carbonatos em meio aquoso; Investigation by capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection on the formation and properties of monoalkyl carbonates in aqueous medium

Vidal, Denis Tadeu Rajh
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/11/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.54%
A formação dos monoalquil carbonatos (MACs) em meio aquoso - produzidos pela reação de um álcool e bicarbonato foi investigada por eletroforese capilar (CE) com detecção condutométrica sem contato (C4D). Foram estudadas ao todo 29 substâncias, das quais 25 apresentaram formação de adutos aniônicos monocarregados e 2 delas, adutos aniônicos com dupla carga. A eletroforese capilar proporcionou a obtenção de medidas de propriedades físico-químicas. Através do tempo de migração, foram obtidos mobilidade, coeficiente de difusão e raio iônico hidratado. Para os n-álcoois de 1 a 5 átomos de carbono, os adutos apresentaram raio iônico hidratado entre 216 pm e 310 pm. Os MACs têm raio iônico proporcional ao do álcool gerador, sendo sistematicamente maiores devidos à anexação do grupo carbonato. Quando comparado a ácidos carboxílicos de cadeia carbônica similar, os MACs possuem menor raio iônico hidratado. A obtenção dos valores da cinética de formação e hidrólise foi possível pela utilização de dupla detecção condutométrica, a qual permitia determinar a concentração do MAC em dois momentos diferentes ao longo da coluna. Devido à impossibilidade de uma calibração direta - já que os sais de MACs se decompõem em água - foi introduzida uma nova técnica de calibração que dispensa o uso de uma solução padrão do analito em favor de uma com espécie de mobilidade similar. As constantes cinética e termodinâmica foram comparadas com aquelas disponíveis na literatura...

Determination of fluoroacetate and fluoride in blood serum by capillary zone electrophoresis using capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection

Rajh Vidal, Denis Tadeu; Augelli, Marcio Antonio; Hotta, Guilherme Minoru; Lopes, Fernando Silva; do Lago, Claudimir Lucio
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 896-899
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.56%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fluoroacetate is a highly toxic species naturally found in plants and in commercial products (compound 1080) for population control of several undesirable animal species. However, it is non-selective and toxic to many other animals including humans, and thus its detection is very important for forensic purposes. This paper presents a sensitive and fast method for the determination of fluoroacetate in blood serum using capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection. Serum blood samples were treated with ethanol to remove proteins. The samples were analyzed in BGE containing 15 mmol/L histidine and 30 mmol/L gluconic acid (pH 3.85). The calibration curve was linear up to 75 mu mol/L (R(2) = 0.9995 for N = 12). The detection limit in the blood serum was 0.15 mg/kg, which is smaller than the lethal dose for humans and other animals. Fluoride, a metabolite of the fluoroacetate defluorination, could also be detected for levels greater than 20 mu mol/L, when polybrene was used for reversion of the EOF. CTAB and didecyldimethylammonium bromide are not useful for this task because of the severe reduction of the fluoride level. However...

Determination of sildenafil and vardenafil by capillary zone electrophoresis using capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection

Rajh Vidal, Denis Tadeu; Augelli, Marcio Antonio; Lucio Do Lago, Claudimir
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2041-2045
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.64%
A method based on capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (CE-C4D) for determination of two important phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (sildenafil and vardenafil) is introduced. The background electrolyte (BGE) consisted of an aqueous solution of 500 mmol L-1 acetic acid, and the capillary was previously treated with polybrene solution to prevent cationic analytes from adsorbing onto the inner surface. Although the analytes migrate in the counter flow, the total time is short. An instrument with two C4D detectors allowed a seamless transition from a fast method (less than one minute) but of low-efficiency using the first detector to a more efficient method using the second detector. The analysis of commercial tablets showed no significant difference between CE-C4D and HPLC methods. Conductivity detection is a well-known low selectivity detection scheme, which in conjunction with the high mobility of the co-ion in the BGE (hydroxonium) allows one to predict that other cationic analogues of sildenafil can also be detected. This is an interesting feature given the increasing number of compounds in this class. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Environmental formaldehyde analysis by active diffusive sampling with a bundle of polypropylene porous capillaries followed by capillary zone electrophoretic separation and contactless conductivity detection

ROCHA, Flavio R.; COELHO, Luicia H. G.; LOPES, Marcelo L. A.; CARVALHO, Lilian R. F.; SILVA, Jose A. Fracassi da; LAGO, Claudimir L. do; GUTZ, Ivano G. R.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.52%
Compared to other volatile carbonylic compounds present in outdoor air, formaldehyde (CH2O) is the most toxic, deserving more attention in terms of indoor and outdoor air quality legislation and control. The analytical determination of CH2O in air still presents challenges due to the low-level concentration (in the sub-ppb range) and its variation with sampling site and time. Of the many available analytical methods for carbonylic compounds, the most widespread one is the time consuming collection in cartridges impregnated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine followed by the analysis of the formed hydrazones by HPLC. The present work proposes the use of polypropylene hollow porous capillary fibers to achieve efficient CH2O collection. The Oxyphan (R) fiber (designed for blood oxygenation) was chosen for this purpose because it presents good mechanical resistance, high density of very fine pores and high ratio of collection area to volume of the acceptor fluid in the tube, all favorable for the development of air sampling apparatus. The collector device consists of a Teflon pipe inside of which a bundle of polypropylene microporous capillary membranes was introduced. While the acceptor passes at a low flow rate through the capillaries, the sampled air circulates around the fibers...

Comparison of Potassium and Sodium Content in Diet and Non-Diet Soft Drinks by Using Capillary Electrophoresis with Capacitively Coupled Contactless Conductivity Detection

Guimarães,Ivanilce Cristina; Silva,José Alberto Fracassi da; Jesus,Dosil Pereira de
Fonte: Fundação Editora da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP Publicador: Fundação Editora da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.52%
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C4D) was used for determination of sodium and potassium concentrations in diet and non-diet soft drinks. Higher sodium concentrations were found in the diet samples due to the utilization of sodium salts of cyclamate and saccharine as sweeteners. The CE-C4D method can be used by food industries and health regulatory agencies for monitoring sodium and potassium content, not only in soft drink but in many others food products.

Automation of an analysis system with microvolume porous membrane sampling, capillary electrophoresis separation and contactless conductivity detection for near-real-time monitoring of traces of low-molecular-weight carboxylic acids in air

Coelho,Lúcia H. G.; Gutz,Ivano G. R.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2011 EN
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86.49%
An automatic analysis system was designed by coupling a complete microvolume sampler based on a capillary membrane diffusion scrubber (CMDS) to capillary electrophoresis (CE) equipment with capacitively coupled contactless conductometric detection (C4D). The microliter capacity of the CMDS, matching with the nanoliter demands of the CE-C4D equipment, led to the design of an automated system with fluid management based on affordable and maintenance free aquarium pumps, pinch valves under computer control, a miniaturized CMDS-CE interface and a rugged CE equipment operated with hydrodynamic injection. As an application of the system, it was successfully demonstrated that formic acid and acetic acid in air can be quantitatively sampled together, with high pre-concentration ratio, and quantified at a frequency of 10 complete analyses per hour of unattended operation, but electrolyte renewal on a daily basis. Limits of detection of 1.2 µg m-3 for formic acid and 3.0 µg m-3 for acetic acid in air, were estimated with linear response over the usual concentration range of these analytes in the gas phase of the atmosphere.

Direct determination of oleic acid in soybean oil by capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection capillary electrophoresis in an oil-miscible KOH/1-propanol/methanol medium

Böckel,Wolmir José; Silva,Yara Patrícia da; Mendonça,Carla R. B.; Simó-Alfonso,Ernesto F.; Ramis-Ramos,Guillermo; Piatnicki,Clarisse M. S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
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The aim of this work was to develop a quick direct analytical technique for the determination of oleic acid content in soybean oil by non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection. The oil-miscible background electrolyte was a mixture of methanol/1-propanol (1:6 v/v) containing 4 × 10-2 mol L-1 KOH and 10% (v/v) ethylene glycol. Samples of 50 g L-1 soybean oil were prepared directly in the background electrolyte added with 1.33 × 10-3 g L-1 of salicylic acid as internal standard. Quantitative tests were performed by adding to the samples pure oleic acid in the range from 0.53 to 2.13 × 10-3 mol L-1. Under negative polarity anionic solutes moved faster than the electro-osmotic flow so that oleic acid was detected in 16 minutes. The limits of detection and quantification were, respectively, 24 and 81 µmol L-1. Such results demonstrate that, unlike required by other methods, low levels of oleic acid can be quantitatively determined in soybean oil without prior extraction.

Microchips eletroforéticos de vidro com detecção condutométrica sem contato para análise de ânions inorgânicos em amostras reais; Glass electrophoretic microchips with contactless conductivity detection for analysis of inorganic anions in real samples

Freitas, Camilla Benevides
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Química (IQ); Instituto de Química - IQ (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Química (IQ); Instituto de Química - IQ (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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This work describes the evaluation of commercial microchip electrophoresis system for the analysis of inorganic ions in different real samples. The electrophoretic separation was carried out in commercial glass microchip with integrated capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C4D). The optimization process was performed ranging the concentration background electrolyte as well as detection parameters, frequency and amplitude signal. Furthermore, analytical performance was evaluated with linearity, repeatability and recovery study. The best separation of chloride (Cl-), nitrate (NO3-), sulfate (SO42-) and nitrite (NO2-) was obtained with mixture of lactic acid (30 mmolL-1) and histidine (15 mmolL-1). Frequency and amplitude were ranged from 100 to 1200 kHz and from 1 to 100 Vpp, respectively. Test with detection parameters was performed employed a classic univariate approach. Frequency of the 1100 kHz and amplitude of 60 Vpp was found the best condition for separation process. Quantitative analysis was performed in different real samples as well as honey, sausage, biofertilizers, river water, tap water and aquarium environment water. In honey sample found Cl-, NO3- e SO42-. Meia Ponte River and João Leite stream was found Cl- e SO42-. These same species was also found in sausage sample. In the analysis of aquarium environment water was observed Cl-...