Página 1 dos resultados de 101 itens digitais encontrados em 0.016 segundos

O inquérito nacional de soroprevalência de avaliação do controle da doença de Chagas no Brasil (2001-2008); The national survey of seroprevalence for evaluation of the control of Chagas disease in Brazil (2001-2008)

OSTERMAYER, Alejandro Luquetti; PASSOS, Afonso Dinis Costa; SILVEIRA, Antônio Carlos; FERREIRA, Antonio Walter; MACEDO, Vanize; PRATA, Aluízio Rosa
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Um inquérito de soroprevalência de doença de Chagas foi realizado em amostra representativa da população com idade até cinco anos de toda a área rural brasileira, exceto o Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Foram estudadas 104.954 crianças, que tiveram amostras de sangue coletadas em papel de filtro e submetidas a testes de screening pelas técnicas de imunofluorescência indireta (IFI) e ELISA em um único laboratório. Todas as amostras com resultados positivos ou indeterminados, juntamente com 10% daquelas com resultados negativos, foram enviadas para um laboratório de referência e aí submetidas a novos testes por IFI e ELISA, além de western blot TESA (Trypomastigote Excreted Secreted Antigen). Para as crianças com resultado final positivo foi agendada uma re-visita para coleta de sangue venoso do próprio participante e das suas mães e familiares. Da avaliação do conjunto de testes resultaram 104 (0,1%) resultados positivos, dos quais apenas 32 (0,03%) foram confirmadas como infectadas. Destas, 20 (0,02%) com positividade materna concomitante (sugerindo transmissão congênita), 11 (0,01%) com positividade apenas na criança (indicativo de provável transmissão vetorial), e uma criança positiva cuja mãe havia falecido. Em 41 situações ocorreu confirmação apenas nas mães...

Modelling congenital transmission of Chagas` disease

RAIMUNDO, Silvia Martorano; MASSAD, Eduardo; YANG, Hyun Mo
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The successful elimination of vectorial and transfusional transmission of Chagas` disease from some countries is a result of the reduction of domestic density of the primary vector Triatoma infestans, of almost 100% of coverage in blood serological selection and to the fact that the basic reproductive number of Chagas` disease is very close to one (1.25). Therefore, congenital transmission is currently the only way of acquiring Chagas` Disease in such regions. In this paper we propose a model of congenital transmission of Chagas` disease. Its aim is to provide an estimation of the time period it will take to eliminate this form of transmission in regions where vetorial transmission was reduced to close to zero, like in Brazil. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.; FAPESP

Congenital Chagas disease: time to screen pregnant women?

Sesti-Costa, Renata; Silva, Joao S.; Gutierrez, Fredy R. S.
Fonte: EXPERT REVIEWS; LONDON Publicador: EXPERT REVIEWS; LONDON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.18%
The congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi has gained epidemiological importance because it is partially responsible for the spread of Chagas disease worldwide. The feasibility of a cure when infected children are treated early makes the detection of congenital infection a valuable goal toward the control of the disease. Here, the authors review and discuss the findings of Bua et al., who quantified the parasitemia of infected women and their newborns by quantitative PCR. The authors demonstrate that the maternal parasite burden is directly related to the risk of neonatal infection. This study points out the importance of a quantitative screen for T. cruzi in pregnant women who live in, or have traveled to, endemic areas for improving the diagnosis of infected newborns and providing prompt treatment.; Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior, Programa Nacional de Pos Doutorado (CAPES/PND Grant); Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior, Programa Nacional de Pos Doutorado (CAPES/PND Grant) [02883/09-0]; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)

Modelling congenital transmission of Chagas` disease

RAIMUNDO, Silvia Martorano; MASSAD, Eduardo; YANG, Hyun Mo
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The successful elimination of vectorial and transfusional transmission of Chagas` disease from some countries is a result of the reduction of domestic density of the primary vector Triatoma infestans, of almost 100% of coverage in blood serological selection and to the fact that the basic reproductive number of Chagas` disease is very close to one (1.25). Therefore, congenital transmission is currently the only way of acquiring Chagas` Disease in such regions. In this paper we propose a model of congenital transmission of Chagas` disease. Its aim is to provide an estimation of the time period it will take to eliminate this form of transmission in regions where vetorial transmission was reduced to close to zero, like in Brazil. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)

A survey of congenital Chagas’ disease, carried out at three Health Institutions in São Paulo City, Brazil

NISIDA,Isabelle Vera Vichr; AMATO NETO,Vicente; BRAZ,Lúcia Maria Almeida; DUARTE,Maria Irma Seixas; UMEZAWA,Eufrosina Setsu
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.39%
The congenital transmission of Chagas’ disease was evaluated in 57 pregnant women with Chagas’ disease and their 58 offspring. The patients were selected from three Health Institutions in São Paulo City. The maternal clinical forms of Chagas’ disease were: indeterminate (47.4%), cardiac (43.8%) and digestive (8.8%); 55 were born in endemic areas and two in São Paulo City. The transmission of Chagas’ disease at fetal level was confirmed in three (5.17%) of the 58 cases studied and one probably case of congenital Chagas’ disease. Two infected infants were born to chagasic women with HIV infection and were diagnosed by parasitolological assays (microhematocrit, quantitative buffy coat-QBC or artificial xenodiagnosis). In both cases the placenta revealed T. cruzi and HIV p24 antigens detected by immunohistochemistry. In one case, a 14-week old abortus, the diagnosis of congenital T. cruzi infection was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. The other probable infection, a 30-week old stillborn, the parasites were found in the placenta and umbilical cord. The Western blot method using trypomastigote excreted/secreted antigens of T. cruzi (TESA) was positive for IgG antibodies in 54/55 newborns and for IgM in 1/55 newborns. One of the two newborns with circulating parasites had no detectable IgG or IgM antibodies. The assessment of IgG antibodies in the sera of pregnant women and their newborns was performed by ELISA using two different T. cruzi antigens: an alkaline extract of epimastigotes (EAE) and trypomastigote excreted/secreted antigens (TESA). The analysis showed a linear correlation between maternal and newborn IgG antibody titers at birth.

Congenital Chagas disease of second generation in Santiago, Chile. Report of two cases

SCHENONE,Hugo; GAGGERO,María; SAPUNAR,Jorge; CONTRERAS,María del C.; ROJAS,Antonio
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.36%
Congenital Chagas disease (CChD) has been reported in different countries, mostly in Latin America. In 1987 a fatal case of CChD of second generation (CChDSG) was published. Within a period of six months - 1989-1990 - two cases of CChDSG were diagnosed and studied in the city of Santiago. Two premature newborns, sons of two sisters, with moderate liver and spleen enlargement, were found to have positive serology for Chagas disease and xenodiagnoses. The mothers, urban residents all their lives, without antecedents of triatomine bugs contact or blood transfusions, showed positive serology and xenodiagnoses. Their mother (grandmother of the infants), lived 20 years in a Northern rural Chagas disease endemic locality, in a triatomine infested house. Afterwards, she moved to Santiago, where she married and has resided up to now. Serology and xenodiagnoses were also positive. All the Trypanosoma cruzi infected individuals were successfully treated with nifurtimox.

Epidemiology of Chagas disease in non endemic countries: the role of international migration

Schmunis,Gabriel A
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.23%
Human infection with the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi extends through North, Central, and South America, affecting 21 countries. Most human infections in the Western Hemisphere occur through contact with infected bloodsucking insects of the triatomine species. As T. cruzi can be detected in the blood of untreated infected individuals, decades after infection took place; the infection can be also transmitted through blood transfusion and organ transplant, which is considered the second most common mode of transmission for T. cruzi. The third mode of transmission is congenital infection. Economic hardship, political problems, or both, have spurred migration from Chagas endemic countries to developed countries. The main destination of this immigration is Australia, Canada, Spain, and the United States. In fact, human infection through blood or organ transplantation, as well as confirmed or potential cases of congenital infections has been described in Spain and in the United States. Estimates reported here indicates that in Australia in 2005-2006, 1067 of the 65,255 Latin American immigrants (16 per 1000) may be infected with T. cruzi, and in Canada, in 2001, 1218 of the 131,135 immigrants (9 per 1000) whose country of origin was identified may have been also infected. In Spain...

Congenital Chagas disease: an update

Carlier,Yves; Sosa-Estani,Sergio; Luquetti,Alejandro O; Buekens,Pierre
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.16%
Congenital infection with Trypanosoma cruzi is a global problem, occurring on average in 5% of children born from chronically infected mothers in endemic areas, with variations depending on the region. This presentation aims to focus on and update epidemiological data, research methods, involved factors, control strategy and possible prevention of congenital infection with T. cruzi. Considering that etiological treatment of the child is always effective if performed before one year of age, the diagnosis of infection in pregnant women and their newborns has to become the standard of care and integrated into the surveillance programs of syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus. In addition to the standard tests, polymerase chain reaction performed on blood of neonates of infected mothers one month after birth might improve the diagnosis of congenital infection. Recent data bring out that its transmission can be prevented through treatment of infected women before they become pregnant. The role of parasite genotypes and host genetic factors in parasite transmission and development of infection in foetuses/neonates has to be more investigated in order to better estimate the risk factors and impact on health of congenital infection with T. cruzi.

Congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in central Brazil. A study of 1,211 individuals born to infected mothers

Luquetti,Alejandro O; Tavares,Suelene Brito do Nascimento; Siriano,Liliane da Rocha; Oliveira,Rozângela Amaral de; Campos,Dayse Elizabeth; Morais,Cicilio Alves de; Oliveira,Enio Chaves de
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi during pregnancy is estimated to occur in less than 20% of infected mothers; however, the etiopathogenesis is not completely understood. The Centre for Studies on Chagas Disease provides confirmation of T. cruzi infection for individuals living in central Brazil. In this retrospective hospital-based study, all requests for diagnosis of T. cruzi infection in individuals less than 21 years old from 1994-2014 were searched. We end with 1,211 individuals and their respective infected mothers. Congenital transmission of infection was confirmed in 24 individuals (2%) in central Brazil, an area where the main T. cruzi lineage circulating in humans is TcII. This low prevalence of congenital Chagas disease is discussed in relation to recent findings in the south region of Brazil, where TcV is the main lineage and congenital transmission has a higher prevalence (approximately 5%), similar to frequencies reported in Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia. This is the first report to show geographical differences in the rates of congenital transmission of T. cruzi and the relationship between the prevalence of congenital transmission and the type of Tc prevalent in each region.

Prevention of congenital Chagas through treatment of girls and women of childbearing age

Moscatelli,Guillermo; Moroni,Samanta; García-Bournissen,Facundo; Ballering,Griselda; Bisio,Margarita; Freilij,Héctor; Altcheh,Jaime
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
It is currently unknown whether treatment of Chagas disease decreases the risk of congenital transmission from previously treated mothers to their infants. In a cohort of women with Chagas disease previously treated with benznidazole, no congenital transmission of the disease was observed in their newborns. This finding provides support for the treatment of Chagas disease as early as possible.

Mother-to-Child Transmission of Congenital Chagas Disease, Japan

Imai, Kazuo; Maeda, Takuya; Sayama, Yusuke; Mikita, Kei; Fujikura, Yuji; Misawa, Kazuhisa; Nagumo, Morichika; Iwata, Osamu; Ono, Takeshi; Kurane, Ichiro; Miyahira, Yasushi; Kawana, Akihiko; Miura, Sachio
Fonte: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Publicador: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.14%
We report a patient with congenital Chagas disease in Japan. This report reemphasizes the role of neglected and emerging tropical diseases in the era of globalization. It also indicates the need for increased vigilance for detecting Chagas disease in non–disease-endemic countries.

Contribuição ao estudo da doença de Chagas; Contributions for the study of Chagas disease

OSTERMAYER, Alejandro Luquetti
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Medicina Tropical; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Medicina Tropical; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
The main papers published on the last five years on the area of human Chagas disease, mainly on parasitological, serological and therapeutic aspects, reflecting areas of recent involvment of the author, were selected. As a baseline, briefly comments on publications on the last 40 years were included. Parasitemia profile measured by hemoculture during the chronic infection was the subject of the first two. The first (published in 2006) included six hemocultures from each of 27 patients, the last three after specific treatment. Results were compared with those of 13 non treated, infected patients. The supressive effect of benznidazole was demonstrated in 89% of the patients and treatment failure was registered in three cases (11%) during the two year follow-up. In the second paper (2011) a single hemoculture was performed in 152 infected women, 101 pregnant. Parasitemic pregnant women doubled the number of non-pregnant, mainly during the first months of pregnancy. A new ELISA test was developed (2010) by employing two recombinant proteins and two synthetic peptides. Sensitivity was 99.3% on 165 positive sera, and specificity of 100% (216 negatives). A multicentric study was done (2009) with participation of laboratories of North America (Mexico)...

Prevalência da doença de Chagas em gestantes em Goiânia-GO e integração de minicírculos de kDNA de Trypanosoma cruzi em lactentes de mães infectadas; Prevalence of chagas disease in pregnant in goiânia-go and integration of minicircles of kDNA of Trypanosoma cruzi in infants from infected mothers

Siriano, Liliane da Rocha
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Medicina Tropical e Saúde Publica (IPTSP); Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública - IPTSP (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Medicina Tropical e Saúde Publica (IPTSP); Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública - IPTSP (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
After more than a century the discovery of Chagas disease, which etiological agent parasite is called Trypanosoma cruzi, there is still much to be revealed about this disease. Polymorphism, how to play, the correlation between strain and the clinical, serological and molecular methods, gene transfer and its clinical consequences, treatment and cure are topics that involve major issues still not completely understood by researchers of this enigmatic disease. The control of donors in blood banks and the reduction of vector transmissions rates caused the congenital transmission to gain greater importance. In this study, monitoring women during pregnancy allowed the accompaniment of the newborn to nine months of age, at which stage it is expected that maternal antibodies have disappeared completely. To know the population of pregnant women infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, in the service of a Maternity Hospital, 1979 records were analyzed at an interval of three years (2010 to 2012). Socioeconomic and demographic profiles, as well as reproductive and serological features were studied. Had positive serology for American trypanosomiasis 3.1% of women (61/1.979) and a few of them reported abortions. Studies have shown that abortion in infected mothers who failed to transmit their infection to the fetus had no greater frequency of miscarriage...

Prevention of congenital Chagas through treatment of girls and women of childbearing age

Moscatelli,Guillermo; Moroni,Samanta; García-Bournissen,Facundo; Ballering,Griselda; Bisio,Margarita; Freilij,Héctor; Altcheh,Jaime
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
It is currently unknown whether treatment of Chagas disease decreases the risk of congenital transmission from previously treated mothers to their infants. In a cohort of women with Chagas disease previously treated with benznidazole, no congenital transmission of the disease was observed in their newborns. This finding provides support for the treatment of Chagas disease as early as possible.

Chagas disease in Andean countries

Guhl,Felipe
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.06%
The Andean Countries' Initiative (ACI) for controlling Chagas disease was officially created in 1997 within the framework of the Hipolito Unanue Agreement (UNANUE) between the Ministries of Health of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its objective was to interrupt transmission via vector and transfusion in the region, taking into account that there are 12.5 million people at risk in the four Andean countries forming the initiative in the area and around 3 million people are infected by Trypanosoma cruzi. The progress of control activities for the vector species present in the Andean sub-region, for different reasons, has been slow and control interventions have still not been installed in all geographical areas occupied by the target species. This has been partly due to lack of knowledge about these vector populations' biological characteristics, and consequent uncertainty about which are the appropriate control measures and strategies to be implemented in the region. The main vector species present important similarities in Venezuela and Colombia and in Ecuador and Northern Peru and they can be approached in a similar way throughout the whole regions, basing approaches on and adapting them to the current strategies being developed in Venezuela during the 1960s which have been progressively adopted in the Southern Cone and Central-American region. Additional measures are needed for keeping endemic areas free from Rhodnius prolixus silvatic populations...

Use of a Novel Chagas Urine Nanoparticle Test (Chunap) for Diagnosis of Congenital Chagas Disease

Castro-Sesquen, Yagahira E.; Gilman, Robert H.; Galdos-Cardenas, Gerson; Ferrufino, Lisbeth; Sánchez, Gerardo; Valencia Ayala, Edward; Liotta, Lance; Bern, Caryn; Luchini, Alessandra;
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
Congenital Chagas disease is one of the main pillars for the control of Chagas disease because 25% of new infections occur by this route. Conventional diagnosis of congenital Chagas disease is based on microscopy at birth and serology at 9 months. However microscopy misses many infections and many at-risk infants fail to complete serology at six to nine months. We have developed a Chagas urine nanoparticle test (Chunap) for concentration and detection of T. cruzi antigens. Chunap was evaluated in urine samples of 1-month old children. At this age children have the highest levels of parasitemia and therefore also excrete the highest levels of antigen. Parents prefer a urine test to having their baby's blood drawn. Chunap diagnosed congenital infection in a single urine sample as well as PCR in two blood samples. This study also shows that hydrogel/trypan blue particles used in our test efficiently capture, concentrate and protect urinary T. cruzi antigens from enzymatic degradation. Chunap allows for the early diagnosis of congenital Chagas disease, and with appropriate adaptation, may allow early point-of-care intervention.

Detectable Trypanosoma cruzi Parasitemia during Pregnancy and Delivery as a Risk Factor for Congenital Chagas Disease

Brutus, Laurent; Castillo, Helen; Bernal, Claudia; Salas, Nadin Alejandra; Schneider, Dominique; Santalla, José-Antonio; Chippaux, Jean-Philippe
Fonte: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Publicador: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/11/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Vector control has led to a drastic decrease in the prevalence of acquired Chagas disease in Latin America, thus redirecting attention to congenital Chagas disease. We report results of a longitudinal study of 359 pregnant women in Yacuiba in southern Bolivia, of whom 147 (40.9%) were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, to evaluate the relationship between the patency period of the parasitemia and the risk of congenital infection. Maternal infection was assessed by using T. cruzi-specific serologic tests, and parasitemia in mothers and newborns was diagnosed by using microscopic examination of blood in heparinized microhematocrit tubes. Parasitemia was present in 28.6% of the infected women. Its prevalence increased during the third trimester, then decreased at delivery. The likelihood of congenital infection was significantly correlated with the parasite density in the mother's blood. The risk of transmission increased during the third trimester of pregnancy and could explain premature births or low-weight newborns for infected mothers.

Congenital infection by Trypanosoma cruzi in an endemic area of Chile: a multidisciplinary study

González, Sandra; Oddó, David; Kemmerling, Ulrike; Rodríguez Borges, Jorge Antonio; Truyens, Carine; Arnello, Marcela; Zulantay Alfaro, Inés Adriana; Carlier, Yves; Apt Baruch, Werner Louis
Fonte: Universidade do Chile Publicador: Universidade do Chile
Tipo: Artículo de revista
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Artículo de publicación ISI; Background: This study investigated the prevalence of Chagas disease (ChD) in pregnant women in Choapa Province (IV Region, Chile) and the vertical transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi. Method: ELISA and IFI IgG for ChD was performed for the pregnant women. PCR for T. cruzi was done for all chagasic mothers and their newborns. The congenital infection was confirmed by serial positive PCR and/or ELISA or IFI IgG after age of nine months. The placentas of mothers, with and without ChD, were submitted for histopathology and immunohistochemical study. Results: From 4831 deliveries in 2005–2009 with a serological coverage of 88.6%, it was established that 147 cases (3.4%) had ChD. More than 80% of the pregnancies had a physiological evolution and 90% of the newborn were term. Congenital transmission was demonstrated in six children (4.7%) of the 127 newborn studied by serial PCR (at birth and/or between 3–18 months) and/or ELISA or IIF IgG after age nine months. Most of congenital cases were asymptomatic (67%). The histopathology shows edema, necrosis, fibrinoid deposit in the placentas of 28 of 29 chagasic mothers. In three cases the immnunochemistry demonstrated a decrease in actin expression in trophoblast cells. In one congenital case amastigote nests was observed. Conclusions: These results indicate that T. cruzi infection in pregnant women and vertical transmission in Chile are still prevalent. For this reason it is important to propose control measures in endemic areas of the country.

Enfermedad de Chagas congénita de segunda generación en Santiago, Chile. Relato de dos casos; Congenital Chagas disease of second generation in Santiago, Chile. Report of two cases

SCHENONE, Hugo; GAGGERO, María; SAPUNAR, Jorge; CONTRERAS, María del C.; ROJAS, Antonio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2001 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.4%
La enfermedad de Chagas congénita ha sido reportada en diferentes países, en su gran mayoría de Latinoamérica. En 1987 un caso fatal de enfermedad de Chagas congénita de segunda generación fue publicado. En 1989-1990 dos casos de enfermedad de Chagas congénita de segunda generación fueron diagnosticados y estudiados en la ciudad de Santiago. Dos recién nacidos prematuros, hijos de dos hermanas, con moderado aumento del hígado y del bazo, presentaron serología para enfermedad de Chagas y xenodiagnósticos positivos. Las madres, residentes urbanas toda su vida, sin antecedentes de contacto con triatominos ni transfusiones de sangre presentaron serología y xenodiagnósticos positivos. La madre de ellas (abuela de los niños) nació y vivió 20 años en una localidad rural de endemia chagásica, en una casa infestada con triatominos. Posteriormente, se trasladó a vivir a Santiago, donde se casó y ha residido hasta el presente; su serología y xenodiagnóstico fueron positivos. Todas las personas infectadas con Trypanosoma cruzi fueron tratadas exitosamente con nifurtimox.; Congenital Chagas disease (CChD) has been reported in different countries, mostly in Latin America. In 1987 a fatal case of CChD of second generation (CChDSG) was published. Within a period of six months - 1989-1990 - two cases of CChDSG were diagnosed and studied in the city of Santiago. Two premature newborns...

Achievements and challenges in controlling Chagas disease

Rodríguez-Morales,Alfonso J.; Von,Anna; Franco-Paredes,Carlos
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
American trypanosomiasis or Chagas disease continues to endanger the lives of many million people in Latin America, and through travel and population migration there is a risk of congenital cases in nonendemic settings. Substantial improvements in the transmission of the disease have been achieved through vector control and blood-bank screening. However, vector-borne transmission remains the main mode of acquisition of infection in many settings coupled with congenital transmission and food-borne and accidental exposure through transplantation or laboratory exposure. The main sites of affection include the heart and gastrointestinal tract. Antiparasitic treatment of indeterminate forms is successful in many cases by delaying the risk of progression of cardiomyopathy, but treatment of chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy remains mainly supportive. The BENEFIT trial that will be completed by late 2011 or early 2012 will provide evidence for or against treating chronic symptomatic forms. Control or eliminating Chagas disease transmission coupled with decreasing the associated burden of disease in Latin America will promote better health and social and economic development among the most impoverished populations in the region.