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Solidarity finance through community development banks as a strategy for reshaping local economies: lessons from Banco Palmas

França Filho,Genauto Carvalho de; Silva Júnior,Jeová Torres; Rigo,Ariádne Scalfoni
Fonte: Departamento de Administração da Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Departamento de Administração da Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2012 EN
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65.81%
The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the possibilities and challenges of Community Development Banks (CDBs) as an innovative method of socioeconomic management of microcredit for poor populations. To this end, we will discuss the case of Banco Palmas in Conjunto Palmeiras in the city of Fortaleza, in the northeastern state of Ceará, as an empirical case study. The analyses presented here are based on information obtained from Banco Palmas between late 2011 and early 2012. In addition, previous studies by other researchers on the bank and other studies on CDBs were important. The primary data collected at Banco Palmas came from documents made available by the bank, such as reports and mappings. The analyses describe some of the characteristics of the granting of microcredit and allow one to situate it in the universe of microfinance and solidarity finance. They also show the significant growth of local consumption, mostly through the use of the Palmas social currency. The Banco Palmas experience, aside from influencing national public policies of solidarity finance, initiated a CDBs network that encourages the replication of these experiences throughout the country.

Colonization and community development of fish assemblages associated with estuarine artificial reefs

Folpp,Heath; Lowry,Michael; Gregson,Marcus; Suthers,Iain M.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.84%
Despite the long history of the development of artificial structures in NSW estuaries there are no studies that provide any comprehensive scientific evaluation of post-deployment goals. We assessed the effectiveness of estuarine artificial reefs as a fisheries enhancement initiative; described the diversity and abundance of species associated with them, and detailed the patterns of colonization and community development associated with an artificial reef deployment in Lake Macquarie, a large coastal barrier lagoon on the southeast coast of Australia. Six artificial reefs (one artificial reef group), constructed from artificial reef units (Reef Balls®), were deployed in December 2005 and sampled six times per season over two years using baited remote underwater video (BRUV). Colonization of the artificial reef group was relatively rapid with the majority of species identified over the two-year study period observed within the first year post-deployment. Overall, 27 species from 17 families were identified. Key colonising species included Pelates sexlineatus (Terapontidae), Acanthopagrus australis (Sparidae), Pagrus auratus (Sparidae) and Rhabdosargus sarba (Sparidae). Species richness showed evidence of potential seasonal fluctuations...

A City within a City: Community Development and the Struggle over Harlem, 1961-2001

Goldstein, Brian David
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
This dissertation examines the idea of community development in the last four decades of the twentieth century through the example of the Harlem neighborhood of New York City and, in doing so, explains the broader transformation of the American city in these decades. Frustration with top-down urban redevelopment and the rise of Black Power brought new demands to Harlem, as citizens insisted on the need for “community control” over their built environment. In attempting to bring this goal to life, Harlemites created new community-based organizations that promised to realize a radically inclusive, cooperative ideal of a neighborhood built by and for the benefit of its predominantly low-income, African-American residents. For several reasons, including continued reliance on the public sector, dominant leaders, changing sociological understandings of poverty, and the intransigence of activists, however, such organizations came to advance a narrower approach in Harlem in succeeding years. By the 1980s, they pursued a moderate vision of Harlem’s future, prioritizing commercial projects instead of development that served residents’ many needs, emphasizing economic integration, and eschewing goals of broad structural change. In examining community design centers...

The Eritrea Community Development Fund Project

Bradley, Marilou
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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65.98%
The Eritrea Community Development project was established to provide for poor communities especially in the rural and war-devastated areas. The project provided an important platform for harnessing local input in local development efforts, strengthened the capacity of communities to manage, and implement their own development priorities. The project supported better access to school facilities, health facilities, and health care services; increased access to safe water; and feeder roads increased access to rural communities, markets, and social services. The project supported community-based initiatives to protect and improve the environment. The project used loan funds to improve community livelihood, increase their self-confidence, and economic independence. The construction of market places provided access to the rural population, including urban dwellers, and veterinary clinics increased the access of households. The project developed human resources, expanded private sector employment and growth, and improved basic social and economic infrastructure. The project promoted local governance...

Community Development in the Lao Mining Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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66.08%
The purpose of this Briefing Note is to provide background information and analysis on the new legal requirement and relevant information and experience pertaining to community development funds in the mining sector internationally and in Lao PDR. This Briefing Note is intended to inform discussion at the Conference on Mining and Community Development in Lao PDR: Community Development Funds to be held in Vientiane and Phu Kham, 19-23 September 2011. The Briefing Note draws heavily on information from a number of existing World Bankpublications including: Lao PDR Development Report - Natural Resource Management for Sustainable Development: Hydropower and Mining and relevant background papers which examine themes of social impact mitigation andbenefit sharing. Mining Foundations, Trusts and Funds A Sourcebook which reviews developing country experience of mining sector foundations, trusts and funds. Sharing Mining Benefits in Developing Countries: the experience with foundations, trusts and funds a publication from the World Bank Oil...

Corporate Strategic Planning Frameworks for Community Development

Reichardt, Markus; Moshoeshoe, Mokhethi
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.03%
The paper is based on exchanges and interviews with senior officials of companies that participated in the project, community leaders selected from areas touched by the industry, community development experts in different countries, and corporate social responsibility and corporate social investment practitioners with knowledge and working experience of Southern Africa. This was supported by desktop research and the study of published and unpublished literature on community development, corporate social responsibility, corporate philanthropy, corporate community relations, cause-related marketing, corporate strategy, and other relevant literature relating to the theme of the project.

Community Development Toolkit : Volume 1. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
The Pioneering New Approaches in Support of Sustainable Development in the Extractive Sector project promotes mine development and operation and improves opportunities for the sustainable development of mining communities and regions during all phases of the mining cycle. In part, the project responds to recommendations in "Breaking New Ground," the report of the Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development (MMSD) project (2002), for new approaches to enable governments, industry, and communities to create country-specific frameworks, including community sustainable development plans, that would ultimately reduce conflict, promote cooperation, and enhance the contribution of mineral-related investment to sustainable development. The result is this Community Development Toolkit, which has two main parts: 1) 17 Tools intended for use throughout the project cycle and which cover the assessment, planning, management, and evaluation phases of community development as well as stakeholder relationships; and 2) the Background volume...

Community Development Toolkit : Volume 2. Background Volume

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
The Pioneering New Approaches in Support of Sustainable Development in the Extractive Sector project promotes mine development and operation and improves opportunities for the sustainable development of mining communities and regions during all phases of the mining cycle. In part, the project responds to recommendations in "Breaking New Ground," the report of the Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development (MMSD) project (2002), for new approaches to enable governments, industry, and communities to create country-specific frameworks, including community sustainable development plans, that would ultimately reduce conflict, promote cooperation, and enhance the contribution of mineral-related investment to sustainable development. The result is this Community Development Toolkit, which has two main parts: 1) 17 Tools intended for use throughout the project cycle and which cover the assessment, planning, management, and evaluation phases of community development as well as stakeholder relationships; and 2) the Background volume...

Patterns of change

Gainesville (Fla.) -- Dept. of Community Development
Fonte: Dept. of Community Development; Dept. of Community Development ( Gainesville, Fla ) Publicador: Dept. of Community Development; Dept. of Community Development ( Gainesville, Fla )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: iii, 35 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Publicado em //[1986] ENGLISH
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65.88%
First published: October 1985.; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared by the Department of Community Development.

Globalisation, community development, and Melanesia: The North New Georgia Sustainable Social Forestry and Rural Development Project

Makim, Abigail
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 1688733 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.93%
This paper is about globalisation, the state, and community development in Melanesia. The paper draws on the concept of “weak state–strong society” and explores the influence of the Christian churches, non-government organisations, and kastom in shaping development and social change in a Melanesian society. The paper takes Solomon Islands as its focus and a case study is made of the North New Georgia Sustainable Social Forestry and Rural Development Project – a re-afforestation program established on the island of New Georgia in the late 1990s. Through this case study, the emergence of a locally-derived and locally-based approach to community and resource development is examined. Since the eighteenth century, the fortunes, practices, opportunities and power of Pacific societies have been significantly influenced by changes in the strategic, economic and normative order at the global level. This will obviously continue to be so. But, as in the past, this will not simply be a “fatal impact” of powerful global forces on local vulnerable societies but a “messy entanglement” in which it will matter how particular societies, and the South Pacific collectively, organise their response or create opportunities (Fry 2000, 2).; no

Policy issues for the Community Development Employment Projects Scheme in rural and remote Australia

Altman, Jon C.; Gray, Matthew; Levitus, R
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 3128253 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.96%
One of the most important programs for Indigenous community and economic development is the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme. CDEP employs around 35,000 Indigenous Australians and accounts for over one-quarter of total Indigenous employment. This paper reviews the evidence on the social and economic impacts of the scheme. The available evidence demonstrates that the scheme has positive economic and community development impacts and that it is cost effective in achieving these outcomes. The paper argues that the CDEP program should continue to be supported and resourced and outlines options for future policy directions in regard to Indigenous economic development and the role of the CDEP scheme.; no

State community development and Melanesia: the North New Georgia Sustainable Social Forestry and Rural Development Project

Makim, Abigail
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 271933 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.88%
This paper is about globalisation, the state, and community development and social change in Melanesia. The paper draws on the concept of “the Melanesian way” and also explores the role and influence of the Christian churches, kastom, and nongovernment organisations (NGOs) in Melanesian society. It takes the experiences of the Solomon Islands as its focus and a case study is made of the North New Georgia Sustainable Social Forestry and Rural Development Project – a re-afforestation program established on the island of New Georgia in the late 1990s. Through this case study the emergence of a locally-derived and locally-based approach to resource development is examined.; no

Women-led Community Development Organizations (CDOs) in Miami-Dade County: A Model of Community Development Efforts Impacting the Economic Security of Women

Solomon, Jan Lindsay
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Recent studies on the economic status of women in Miami-Dade County (MDC) reveal an alarming rate of economic insecurity and significant obstacles for women to achieve economic security. Consistent barriers to women’s economic security affect not only the health and wellbeing of women and their families, but also economic prospects for the community. A key study reveals in Miami-Dade County, “Thirty-nine percent of single female-headed families with at least one child are living at or below the federal poverty level” and “over half of working women do not earn adequate income to cover their basic necessities” (Brion 2009, 1). Moreover, conventional measures of poverty do not adequately capture women’s struggles to support themselves and their families, nor do they document the numbers of women seeking basic self-sufficiency. Even though there is lack of accurate data on women in the county, which is a critical problem, there is also a dearth of social science research on existing efforts to enhance women’s economic security in Miami-Dade County. My research contributes to closing the information gap by examining the characteristics and strategies of women-led community development organizations (CDOs) in MDC, working to address women’s economic insecurity. The research is informed by a framework developed by Marilyn Gittell...

Mining Community Development Agreements : Source Book

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Mining/Oil and Gas; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
The World Bank oil, gas and mining unit, in its capacity as a driver for best practice related to extractive industry contributions to poverty alleviation, has a strong interest in the sustainable development of mine-impacted communities. As part of the growing global expectation that the extractive industry should contribute positively to long-term local development, a discourse has grown surrounding a variety of structures and processes aiming to deliver development benefits to communities affected by mineral resource projects. Examples of these strategies include social/community investment programs, development forums, community-controlled trusts, development funds, and foundations. These strategies may be led by government, the companies, the impacted community, or through collaborative bilateral or multi sector partnerships and agreements. They may be a regulatory requirement or negotiated voluntarily in response to mining companies' commitment to corporate social responsibility (CSR) principles. This document describes some of the main considerations and processes regarding the development and implementation of these strategies...

Conceptualizing Community Development from an Occupational Therapy Perspective

LAUCKNER, Heidi-Michelle
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.95%
Despite our theoretical commitment to community development (CD) approaches in occupational therapy, current practice models focus on individual interventions, rather than identifying how occupational therapists (OTs) can contribute at a community level. Consequently, OTs attempting to work with communities may not have clear guidance on methods of community engagement or strategies for addressing community level issues. This research examined three cases of OTs working in CD in different regions of Canada in order to 1) generate in-depth interpretive case descriptions of CD practice; and 2) conceptualize CD from the perspective and practices of occupational therapy. Data collection in each case occurred over three weeks and included approximately 30 hours of observations, document reviews and 14 interviews with health professionals and program participants. Constructivist grounded theory informed data analysis. The conceptual framework generated from the cross-case analysis describes the context of CD in which the OTs bridged the health and community sectors. The OTs were in community-focused positions located within regional health authorities. The OTs strategically used both professional and personal self to enable more equitable power sharing between health services...

A systematic review of studies evaluating Australian indigenous community development projects: the extent of community participation, their methodological quality and their outcomes

Snijder, Mieke; Shakeshaft, Anthony; Wagemakers, Annemarie; Stephens, Anne; Calabria, Bianca
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
BACKGROUND: Community development is a health promotion approach identified as having great potential to improve Indigenous health, because of its potential for extensive community participation. There has been no systematic examination of the extent of community participation in community development projects and little analysis of their effectiveness. This systematic review aims to identify the extent of community participation in community development projects implemented in Australian Indigenous communities, critically appraise the qualitative and quantitative methods used in their evaluation, and summarise their outcomes. METHODS: Ten electronic peer-reviewed databases and two electronic grey literature databases were searched for relevant studies published between 1990 and 2015. The level of community participation and the methodological quality of the qualitative and quantitative components of the studies were assessed against standardised criteria. RESULTS: Thirty one evaluation studies of community development projects were identified. Community participation varied between different phases of project development...

Colonization and community development of fish assemblages associated with estuarine artificial reefs

Folpp, Heath; Lowry, Michael; Gregson, Marcus; Suthers, Iain M.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto Oceanográfico Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto Oceanográfico
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.84%
Despite the long history of the development of artificial structures in NSW estuaries there are no studies that provide any comprehensive scientific evaluation of post-deployment goals. We assessed the effectiveness of estuarine artificial reefs as a fisheries enhancement initiative; described the diversity and abundance of species associated with them, and detailed the patterns of colonization and community development associated with an artificial reef deployment in Lake Macquarie, a large coastal barrier lagoon on the southeast coast of Australia. Six artificial reefs (one artificial reef group), constructed from artificial reef units (Reef Balls®), were deployed in December 2005 and sampled six times per season over two years using baited remote underwater video (BRUV). Colonization of the artificial reef group was relatively rapid with the majority of species identified over the two-year study period observed within the first year post-deployment. Overall, 27 species from 17 families were identified. Key colonising species included Pelates sexlineatus (Terapontidae), Acanthopagrus australis (Sparidae), Pagrus auratus (Sparidae) and Rhabdosargus sarba (Sparidae). Species richness showed evidence of potential seasonal fluctuations...

Let's Make a PACT: Engaging Congregations in Neighborhood and Community Development via Participatory Democratic Structures

Johnson, Sheldon K.
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 29/04/2015 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.88%
Participatory democracy is a form of governance in which all of the people govern themselves in at least some public matters at least some of the time. This report explores how participatory democratic structures can be used in order to invigorate civic participation. This report will focus on developing policy recommendations for Partners Achieving Community Transformation (PACT), a 501(c)(3) engaging in neighborhood and community development in Columbus, OH. These development initiatives are place-based initiatives targeted in an 800 acre area known as the Near East Side (NES). PACT is interested in building partnerships with the numerous congregations located in the NES. This report leverages an in-depth literature review, case studies, and interviews with congregational leaders to advise PACT on how to use participatory democratic structures to achieve this goal.

Challenges for local community development in private sector-led renewable energy projects in South Africa: An evolving approach

Wlokas,Holle Linnea; Boyd,Anya; Andolfi,Marco
Fonte: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Publicador: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.97%
The Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme in South Africa is intended to support the uptake of renewable energy, help address the current energy supply crisis and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Notably, it also requires project developers to engage with socio-economic development at the local level. The distributed nature of renewable energy generation may induce a more geographically dispersed pattern of development, and renewable energy sites can be highly suited to rural locations with otherwise poor potential to attract local inward investment. Socio-economic development and enterprise development are two of seven economic development elements in the programme. In order to prepare a bid submission, project developers have to assess local socio-economic needs around their project site and develop strategies on how to address these. This paper investigates the challenges for local community development. The research is based on case studies and presents findings from the perspective of a research team working alongside project developers. Early findings indicate that there are potential community benefits from commercial wind projects, providing an appropriate community engagement process that is aligned with the project cycle determined by the tender process and engineering requirements. The Passive Community Needs Assessment approach is introduced as a possible solution.

Students' fieldwork experiences of using community entry skills within community development

Vermeulen,Nicola; Bell,Teneil; Amod,Aneesah; Cloete,André; Johannes,Taryn; Williams,Karen
Fonte: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy Publicador: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.03%
BACKGROUND: Community development has been identified as an approach that occupational therapists can use to make a unique contribution to the health of communities. There is however limited research that addresses the practical application that occupational therapists need to use when engaged in community development. This includes community development's most important phase of community entry which is defined as a prelude to any action that will take place in true partnership with the community PURPOSE: This paper explores the experiences offinal year occupational therapy students using community entry skills during community fieldwork practice METHODS: An auto-ethnographic approach was used to explore students' experiences of the use of community entry skills within community development. Data collected included the use of the students' reflective fieldwork journals, a narrative and a focus group. All data collected was critically analysed through a process of thematic analysis in order to explore the students' experiences of the use of community entry skills during community fieldwork practice FINDINGS: The findings of this study highlight that the process of community entry is a subjective experience that requires mindfulness and awareness in becoming a part of the community. This allows professionals to interact with the community and its members and it gives rise to the understanding that one receives when working in a community IMPLICATIONS: Recommendations are made regarding the support of and preparation of Occupational Therapists in the field of community development.