Página 1 dos resultados de 37769 itens digitais encontrados em 0.023 segundos

Transição nutricional em populações quilombolas da Mata Atlântica: correlação entre níveis de sobrepeso e obesidade e indicadores socioeconômicos/demográficos em oito comunidades do Vale do Ribeira, São Paulo, Brasil; The nutrition transition in rainforest Quilombola Populations: correlation between overweight and obesity and socieconômic/demographic indicators in eight communities of the Ribeira Valley, State of São Paulo, Brazil

Crevelaro, Mirella Abrahão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/04/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
Tradicionalmente, os quilombolas do Vale do Ribeira, SP, possuem economia agrícola e extrativista baseada na mão-de-obra familiar. Porém, restrições de uso do solo, juntamente a outros fatores, tais como a expansão dos centros urbanos da proximidade, a intensificação da economia de mercado, o aumento de renda proveniente de trabalhos assalariados, devem estar ocasionando mudanças significativas no estilo de vida dos habitantes dessas comunidades. Este estudo parte da premissa que os padrões nutricionais e de atividades físicas das sociedades industrializadas ocasionam altas taxas de obesidade. Assim, o trabalho teve como hipótese principal que as alterações nos padrões nutricionais e regimes de atividade física dos indivíduos das comunidades quilombolas estudadas, ocasionadas principalmente pelas mudanças no sistema de subsistência nas últimas três décadas, estão resultando no aumento da incidência de pessoas com sobrepeso e obesidade. Para tanto, foram testadas três hipóteses secundárias: (1) a incidência de sobrepeso e obesidade é maior dentre os indivíduos das comunidades menos envolvidas com a agricultura de subsistência; (2) a incidência de sobrepeso e obesidade é maior nos indivíduos do sexo feminino nas comunidades que apresentam menor grau de envolvimento com a agricultura de subsistência; (3) a maior incidência de sobrepeso e obesidade está positivamente correlacionada à variáveis demográficas e socioeconômicas que indicam maior envolvimento com a economia de mercado e alterações dos padrões de subsistência. Desta forma...

Agroecologia, campesinidade e os espaços femininos na unidade familiar de produção; Agroecology, rural communities and feminine epaces inside family production units

Biase, Laura De
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/05/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
O objetivo desta pesquisa foi refletir sobre a dimensão feminina na campesinidade e a importância de sua valorização para a incorporação dos aspectos sócio-culturais na prática agroecológica. A agroecologia pode ser definida como um campo de estudos de caráter multidisciplinar, que tem como objetivo articular o saber-fazer científico ao saber-fazer das comunidades rurais, como forma de potencializar práticas sustentáveis de agricultura. Como movimento de oposição ao processo de modernização da agricultura, busca recuperar as condições socioambientais perturbadas por este e viabilizar a construção de uma realidade sustentável. Contudo, tem-se constatado atualmente que a prática agroecológica brasileira tem sido realizada de maneira restrita, limitando-se principalmente a aspectos técnicos, insuficiente à realização da transformação pretendida teoricamente. Neste trabalho analisou-se, portanto, as possibilidades da campesinidade, e particularmente a valorização da sua dimensão feminina, contribuir para efetivar o projeto agroecológico de construção da sustentabilidade. Para tanto, realizou-se: (1) um estudo sobre as diferentes concepções teóricas da agroecologia e suas possibilidades de articulação para construção de uma proposta de agroecologia plena; (2) uma análise teórica sobre o campesinato e as características da campesinidade...

Padrões de estruturação de comunidades marinhas bentônicas de substrato consolidado do infralitoral - Praia de Fora à Ponta do Norte - Parque Estadual da Ilha Anchieta, Ubatuba, SP; Structural patterns of marine benthic hard Bottom communities of infralittoral - De Fora Beach to Do Norte End - Anchieta Island State Park - Ubatuba, SP

Ribeiro, Henrique Lauand
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/05/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.55%
Os estudos de ecologia descritiva de comunidades marinhas bentônicas, tanto as de substratos consolidados (costões rochosos, recifes de corais, recifes de arenitos e bancos de algas calcárias) como as de substratos inconsolidados (areia, silte e sedimentos de baixa granulação), apontam para uma busca, ainda não finalizada, por padrões de distribuição que possam apresentar-se como modelo recorrente, sendo capazes de predizer sobre a composição de uma comunidade local. Como exemplos bem sucedidos, na busca de padrões, sendo marcos históricos no desenvolvimento da ecologia descritiva de comunidades marinhas bentônicas, temos as abordagens da zonação e de níveis de fundo, que buscaram encontrar um meio prático para descrições generalistas em larga escala que se apresentassem universais. No Brasil são caracterizados 3 momentos históricos sobre ecologia descritiva de comunidades marinhas bentônicas de substrato consolidado, que se caracterizam pelo uso de espécies como unidade operacional, recorrendo pouco a abordagens alternativas para ganho de conhecimento sobre grandes áreas. Neste estudo foi utilizado o método alternativo Caracterização fisionômica de comunidades marinhas de substrato consolidado para descrição dessas comunidades no infralitoral e busca por padrões de estruturação gerais visualmente evidentes. Este estudo foi realizado no Parque Estadual da Ilha Anchieta...

Análise do impacto de conjunções de comunidades virtuais de prática na aprendizagem e na (re)construção da prática; Analysis the impact of conjunctions of virtual communities of practice in learning and (re)construction of practice

Mariana da Rocha Corrêa Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
Este trabalho descreve uma pesquisa quantitativa e qualitativa que investiga a percepção de alunos sobre possíveis influências de "Conjunções de Comunidades Virtuais de Prática" sobre seu processo de formação e sua prática. Essas conjunções visam o compartilhamento de conhecimento, o suporte à prática e a interação entre os membros de comunidades virtuais de prática. O levantamento bibliográfico sobre as características e aspectos do funcionamento de comunidades virtuais de prática e constelações de comunidades de prática possibilitou o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia voltada ao estabelecimento de Conjunções de Comunidades Virtuais de Prática e a elaboração de um instrumento que foi aplicado com os alunos do Curso de Especialização em Gestão Pública e Sociedade, um curso semipresencial que utilizou o ambiente TelEduc como suporte às aulas presenciais. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à Análise Fatorial Confirmatória (Modelagem de Equações Estruturais), possibilitando a criação de um modelo que mostra como as variáveis ou indicadores se compõem e a correlação entre eles. Com isso, foi possível perceber uma forte relação entre os constructos ASP PEDAGÓGICOS e ASP TECNOLÓGICOS que se relacionaram para possibilitar o desenvolvimento do constructo ASP SOCIAIS no curso...

Comunidades gays do ORKUT : encontros, confrontos e (re)construção de identidades; The gay orkut communities: meet, confrontation and (re)construction of identities

SANTOS, Andréa Pereira dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Comunicação; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Comunicação; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
The present world is symbolic and ephemeral. It is called Post-Modern by the majority of theoretical studies in this search. Considering the concepts evident in post-modernism such as fragmented identities, sociality, presenteism, vitalism, on line communities and globalization, try in this study reflect how these concepts are present in the life of the individual users from on line communities, especially the gay person. So, theoretical studies by Post-Modernity and identity is possible by the authors: Hall (2001), Giddens (2002), Bauman (2005, 2003) and Ortiz (2006) for identify the assumptions that mean living in a cultural and globalized world. It examines the issues of gender and attempts to relate it with homosexuality / homoaffectivity. For this it considering the studies of authors such as Scott (1991) and Butler (2001, 2003). It is also theorized about the history of homosexuality / homoaffectivity identifying social relations that marginalized gay and locate where the knowledge studies of homoerotic are included. It done by Trevisan (2002), Louro (2001, 2004), Foucault (1988, 1979), Fry and MacRae (1984) and Butler again (2001, 2000). Then, the authors like Levy (1999), Bauman (2003, 2001), Maffesoli (2006) and Lemos (2004...

Nigeria - Targeting Communities for Effective Poverty Alleviation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
An important finding from analyzing the survey data from the poverty assessment study on Nigeria is the concentration of the poor in communities in which most of the other households are also poor, and the tendency of the non-poor households to reside in communities in which the population is largely non-poor. As a result, the overall income inequality in the country is due largely to income inequality between communities and much less to income inequality between households within communities. To illustrate this concentration of the poor and the non-poor in separate communities, all the communities that were included in the household expenditure survey were divided into four categories according to two criteria: first, the share of poor households in the community and second, the average per capita income of all the households in the community. Although the sample for each community is very small, all the conclusions have been drawn for the entire category of communities in which the size of the sample was adequate.

On the Unequal Inequality of Poor Communities

Elbers, Chris; Lanjouw, Peter F.; Mistiaen, Johan; Özler, Berk; Simler, Ken
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Important differences exist between communities with respect to their needs, capacities, and circumstances. As central governments are not able to discern these differences fully, they seek to achieve their policy objectives by relying on decentralized mechanisms that use local information. However, household and individual characteristics within communities can also vary substantially. A growing theoretical literature suggests that inequality within communities can influence policy outcomes, and that this influence could be harmful or helpful, depending on the circumstances. Empirical investigations into the impact of inequality have, to date, largely been held back by a lack of systematic evidence on community-level inequality. The authors use household survey and population census data to estimate per capita consumption inequality within communities in three developing countries: Ecuador, Madagascar, and Mozambique. Communities are found to vary markedly from one another in terms of the degree of inequality they exhibit. The authors also show that there should be no presumption that inequality is less severe in poor communities. They argue that the kind of community-level inequality estimates generated in this paper can be used in designing and evaluating decentralized antipoverty programs.

Building Indigenous learning communities

Schwab, Robert G.; Sutherland, D
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 291059 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
This paper proposes the building of Indigenous learning communities as an avenue to address the limited engagement of Indigenous Australians with education. Against the backdrop of current discussions of social capital and community capacity building, the paper explores educational policy and program options for linking families, schools and communities (including business and government) to identify and address local needs through drawing upon local resources.

Five program models, from both Australia and overseas, are sketched to illustrate a range of approaches to encouraging and fostering positive engagement of families, schools and communities. Although the programs differ in focus, schools and community education are central to each, and all involve degrees of capacity building and the development of social capital. The experience derived from these programs suggests there is value in attempting to position the school at the centre of Indigenous communities. Further, in extending the traditional role of the school to incorporate other initiatives such as adult education and the coordination and integration of various child and family services, these programs necessarily bring more members of the wider community into contact with the school.

Many of these programs also deliver increased parental and student participation and retention...

The realities of Indigenous adult literacy acquisition and practice: implications for capacity development in remote communities

Kral, Inge; Schwab, Robert G.
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 2553363 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
The future sustainability of remote communities is being questioned with increasing frequency. The current state of welfare dependency is fragile. Significant work is being undertaken to develop the capacity of Indigenous communities to govern their own services and adult literacy is clearly seen as a major factor in the participation of Indigenous people in community development and the capacity building processes. Yet little research on adult literacy practices and competence in remote Indigenous communities has taken place in Australia. This paper reports on findings from a collaborative study involving two remote Indigenous communities in the Northern Territory, one in the Top End and the other in the Central Desert. The project, involving a collaboration between the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research and Central Australian Remote Health Development Services, used an ethnographic approach, drawing on ideas developed internationally by anthropologists and linguists associated with the New Literacy Studies to explore the social context of literacy acquisition and use in these communities. In this paper we analyse the findings and explore the implications for training, employment and capacity development in remote Indigenous communities.; no

The implications of Land Tenure and Benefit Sharing Approaches on the REDD+ scheme for forest fringe communities in Ghana

Agyei, Kwame
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (Masters); Master of Philosophy (MPhil)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
One essential component of global efforts on climate change mitigation is the incentive-based mechanism that seeks to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and also enhances forest carbon stocks through sustainable forest management in developing countries (the REDD+ scheme). There are other potential co-benefits associated with the REDD+ scheme which include biodiversity conservation, poverty alleviation and enhancement of rural livelihoods. A clear challenge for the REDD+ scheme is that if its implementation should be deemed as successful, the various drivers of deforestation should be addressed whereas the rights of local or forest fringe communities to forest resources should concurrently not be compromised. This research uses Ghana as a case to explore the implications of the introduction of the REDD+ scheme for forest fringe communities. The study employs land tenure and benefit sharing issues as the conceptual framework to answer the research question: ‘How should a national REDD+ scheme for Ghana be designed to maximise benefits to forest fringe communities?’ The study is based on a review of relevant literature including government documents and academic literature as well as interviews with ten key informants from the REDD+ Steering Committee of Ghana...

Online Communities of Practice Typology Revisited

Hara, Noriko; Shachaf, Pnina; Stoerger, Sharon
Fonte: Sage Publications Publicador: Sage Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
This paper outlines a typology for online communities of practice. The typology is based on findings from observations of three online communities of practice, a content analysis of messages, and a review of the existing literature. The three examples of communities of practice are of electronic discussion lists that cover topics of interest to university webmasters, librarians, and educators. This work expands on a typology that consolidated prior research and focused on online communities of practice within organizational settings by extending it to be inclusive of open online communities of practice that are not constrained by any organizational context. Characterizing communities of practice in this manner enables various aspects of them to be analysed, which can illuminate ways to support the implementation of effective online communities of practice for specific purposes.

Understanding Teacher Participation in Online Communities: Why Do Teachers Want to Participate in Online Communities of Teachers?

Hur, Jung Won
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, School of Education, 2007; This study examined reasons for teacher participation in three online communities of K-12 teachers with an aim of investigating methods to improve teacher professional development. To achieve the goal of this study, multiple data were gathered from four sources: (a) interviews with 31 members from the three online communities, (b) online postings, (c) member profiles, and (d) community guidelines. The findings of this study indicated that there were six reasons why teachers wanted to participate in the online communities of teachers: (a) sharing emotions, (b) exploring ideas, (c) seeking advice, (d) experiencing a sense of camaraderie, (e) combating teacher isolation, and (f) utilizing the advantages of online environments. These reasons are intrinsically connected to each other, so a holistic perspective is necessary to understand teacher participation in the communities fully. Moreover, the analysis of data indicated four components affecting teacher participation in the online communities. The components included community culture, safety, flexibility, and teachers' shared values and time. In conclusion, the findings suggested elements that should be considered when teacher educators create online learning environments in which teachers can freely share both emotions and knowledge.

Managing policy-driven landuse change to enhance the sustainability of rural communities

Stanley, Jeanette
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Landuse change is occurring across rural Australia with significant implications for rural communities, socially, economically and environmentally. Some of this change is the result of explicit government policy. Policy-driven landuse change has the potential to change landscapes, alter local and regional economies, and change social dynamics. In some cases, the changes that take place are unable to be absorbed by local communities, who may not have the resilience or 'stocks' of social capital to cope with and adapt to the changes. Hence, policy-driven landuse change may threaten the social and economic sustainability of surrounding communities. Alternatively, the change may be 'embraced' by the local community as a positive alteration to the existing economic, social and physical landscape, and can offer economic and social opportunities for communities under pressure from highly variable market and climatic conditions. By synthesising three bodies of literature, and exploring case study evidence, this thesis aims to make both a practical and theoretical contribution, by exploring the conditions under which policy-driven landuse change can contribute to sustainable rural communities. I argue to achieve this, it is necessary to identify and manage social and economic issues associated with landuse change. This study examines two case studies of policy-driven landuse change...

Virtual Communities of Practice: Design and Development of Support Platforms and Participation Fostering

Andrade, António Carneiro de
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto. Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto.
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
Mestrado em Engenharia Informática - Área de Especialização em Sistemas Gráficos e Multimédia; A aprendizagem em ambientes informais tem vindo a ser cada vez mais reconhecida quer como meio de aprendizagem continua em domínios de evolução rápida quer como alternativa aos ambientes de formação formal. Crescendo sobre o conceito de aprendizagem situada e colocando em prática a teoria de aprendizagem conectivista, as comunidades de prática são plataformas ideais para este modelo de aquisição de conhecimento. Esta dissertação aborda o seu potencial, analisa a implementação de três comunidades e faz a avaliação detalhada de uma delas. O seu objetivo é, por um lado, implementar e testar um estrutura de suporte a comunidades de prática virtuais e, por outro, experimentar mecanismos de animação e motivação para a participação. Numa primeira fase é feito o levantamento do estado da arte na literatura. O primeiro exemplo documentado de uma comunidade de prática relaciona-se com um grupo de representantes da Xerox que na década de 80 se reúne espontaneamente para trocar dicas que otimizem o seu trabalho. A partir dessa primeira observação, as próprias empresas reconhecem o potencial destas estruturas e suportam-nas internamente...

Zonation patterns of benthic communities in an upwelling area from the western Medierranean (La Herradura, Alboran Sea); Patrones de zonación en las comunidades bentónicas en una zona de afloramiento del Mediterráneo Occidental (La Herradura, Mar de Alborán)

Cebrián, Emma; Ballesteros, Enric
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.54%
Species composition and distribution of marine benthic communities from La Herradura (Alboran Sea, western Mediterranean) are described to characterise its rocky and sedimentary bottoms bionomically. Rocky bottoms were studied by means of several underwater transects and soft bottoms with fixed stations along a bathymetric gradient. The study of the floristic and faunistic composition of the rocky benthic communities highlights depth as the main axis of variation. Factorial Correspondence Analysis segregates deep-water communities below 25 m depth (circalittoral communities) from shallower communities (axis I), and communities thriving between 5 and 25 m depth (lower infralittoral communities) from communities thriving close to the surface (shallow infralittoral communities) (axis II). The study of the sedimentary bottoms also suggests that depth, together with physical sedimentary properties, is the main axis of variation in species distribution. Floristic and faunistic records show the particular composition of La Herradura benthic communities, compared to Mediterranean and Atlantic ones. Mixing of Mediterranean and Atlantic waters, together with deep water upwelling episodes typical of this area, probably determine the peculiar composition of the benthic communities.; Se describen la composición y distribución de las comunidades bentónicas de La Herradura (Mar de Alborán...

Rise and decline process of online communities : modeling social balance of participants

Asatani, Kimitaka; Toriumi, Fujio; Ohashi, Hirotada
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
Some online communities like Friendster had declined, and some of the others are said to be declining. Recent research has revealed the mechanism of decline as well as that of rise in each community. However, no comprehensive research has yet revealed the difference in declining mechanisms of each communities. We considered the online communities as networks of users and topics and defined behavior of users using Heider’s balance theory. Users in our model are in a dilemma, stuck between topic preference and the balance between neighboring users. How the user behaves in the dilemma, his/her strategy, disseminates to other users. We simulate online communities using the model and observe the rise and decline of different kinds of communities. As a result, we found that two types of communities tend to develop with many users: communities in which the topic changes dynamically (FreeTopic-type) and communities in which the topic changes gradually (Topic-type). However, the property of each community and behavior of users are different. We found by simulation that the collaborative behavior of users happens very frequently in the FreeTopictype community, in which users consider the balance between each other rather than their topic preference. As a result...

The environmental gradients and plant communities of Bergen Swamp, N.Y., U.S.A.

Hall, Aaron
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 17427 bytes; 2766959 bytes; 54425 bytes; 1 bytes; 2061 bytes; 698 bytes; 5468 bytes; 49 bytes; 17427 bytes; 2766959 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf; text/plain; text/plain; text/plain; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream; applicatio
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
No survey of plant communities has been performed recently in the Bergen Swamp, NY, USA, a unique strongly minerotrophic mire with active marl deposition. In summer 2004, I established an array of randomly placed plots throughout Bergen Swamp survey plant communities. The plant survey included stem counts of herbaceous plant species and shrubs within 1m square quadrats. I performed a Raup and Crick clustering analysis at two different spatial scales to group plant communities and found that there were five communities at the subplot level, and three communities at the plot level. I then used detrended correspondence analysis (DCA), an indirect gradient analysis, to infer and predict important local and landscape environmental gradients associated with identified communities. Observed differences between spatial scales are possibly a result of micro-topological differences related to hummock and hollow formation. The major environmental gradients associated with plant communities were, in order of decreasing importance, depth to water table, hydrologic activity, and pH.

Disaster Resistant Communities Initiative: Assessment Of Ten Non-Pilot Communities

Wachtendorf, Tricia; Connell, Rory; Monahan, Brian; Tierney, Kathleen J.
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros Formato: 6754361 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
The Disaster Research Center has been conducting research on the implementation of Project Impact in communities around the U.S. since 1997. In earlier studies, research activities focused on charting the progress of Project Impact implementation in the seven original pilot communities. This report contains findings from DRC field work in other communities that subsequently joined Project Impact when the program was expanded. In all, ten communities were involved in this phase of DRC’s work-one in each federal region. To be included in this study, communities had to have achieved at least some level of sustained activity toward Project Impact goals. The communities chosen for the study vary in size; four are small, four are intermediate-sized, and two have large populations. The ten communities also differ with respect to the hazards to which they are vulnerable. Communities were selected to allow for variation in population demographics; while some communities have populations that are predominantly Caucasian, others have significant minority populations. To ensure confidentiality of study informants, study communities are not discussed by name in this report. In 2000, DRC researchers made site visits to each of the ten communities...

Reconstructing Delaware???s Free Black Communities, 1800-1870

Sheppard, Rebecca J.; Toney, Kimberly; Koch, Rebecca; Greene, Keonna; Olsen, Allison; Selway, Rachel; Downes, Rebecca; Bunce, Emily; Laurel, Sarah; Protokowicz, Elizabeth; Triandos, Ted; Fangman, Ann; Joshi, Mili
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
The current study, conducted by CHAD and funded by the National Park Service through the URCD, initially began with two straight-forward research objectives: 1) to uncover the role of free black communities in the Underground Railroad in Delaware, and 2) to identify the use of water routes to escape from or through the state. As the project evolved, several more goals were added, reflecting some of the issues and complications encountered during the research. These objectives focused primarily on the research methodologies developed in conjunction with the initial goals: 3) to create a methodology for the study of free black communities in Delaware; 4) to develop a strategy for mapping the known data about free black communities and UGRR routes through Delaware; and 5) to identify a list of further research needs. This report is broken into several sections that reflect these objectives. First, the introduction includes a detailed explanation of the methodology developed to study free black communities, as well as identification of some of the common problems with the process and the biasesof the records available. Second, the section on free black communities provides both an overview for the patterns seen across the state and a series of case studies that explore the particular circumstances of five different communities. Each of the case studies addresses the particular issues related to the methodology and sources for that location. The results of the mapping research are incorporated into the overview discussion of free black communities and into a separate section discussing potential routes for freedom-seekers.A final section addresses areas of future research needs.

Policing minority ethnic communities: a case study in London’s ‘Little India’

Trikha, Sara
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
The Macpherson Inquiry (1999) was instrumental in forcing into the public domain the issue of police racism, which for decades had been an endemic part of police culture. My thesis, undertaken post Macpherson (1999), examined ongoing tensions in the policing of minority ethnic communities through a case study of policing in London’s ‘Little India’. My thesis highlights the continuing influence of racism in policing, describing a world of policing ethnically diverse communities that is far more complex, variable and contradictory than has yet been documented in the empirical policing literature. I describe how policing in Greenfield was a patchwork of continuity and change, illustrating how, despite the advances the police in Greenfield had made in eradicating overt racism from the organisation, passive prejudice remained rife among officers. Most notably, despite acknowledging Greenfield’s long resident Asian communities as the ‘indigenous population’, officers still had little knowledge about these communities, tending to classify them as ‘Asians’ in a way that obscured, rather than illuminated their diversity. Furthermore, while officers regarded ‘Asians’ as the established communities of Greenfield...