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The use of information an communication technologies in augmentative and alternative communication : literature review in Portugal

Pinheiro, Patrícia Alexandra Loureiro; Gomes, Maria João; Santos, Anabela Cruz dos
Fonte: Universidade do Minho. Instituto de Educação. Centro de Investigação em Educação Publicador: Universidade do Minho. Instituto de Educação. Centro de Investigação em Educação
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /07/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
The applicability of the information and communication technologies, especially mobile devices, to augmentative and alternative communication is relatively recent in Portugal. Their characteristics of universality and portability allow to access information, communicate through voice, image and writing, working, perform recreational activities and multiple others activities almost anywhere and any place. It also promotes skills development in people with special educational needs, like physical, cognitive and social skills, when using the appropriate adaptations and digital augmentative and alternative communication software or other applications adapted to their physical or sensory disabilities. The aim of this work is to reveal the state of the art about the use of information and communication technologies in the context of special educational and more specifically in augmentative and alternative communication in Portugal, supported on the literature review. We selected the Portal B-on – Online Knowledge Library, since it allows us to have a perspective of several databases repositories of scientific research. This literature review aim to analyze, summarize and interpret some studies carried out in Portugal that focus on the binomial: Information and Communications Technologies and children with Special Education Needs.

A Review on Architectures and Communications Technologies for Wearable Health-Monitoring Systems

Custodio, Víctor; Herrera, Francisco J.; López, Gregorio; Moreno, José Ignacio
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Nowadays society is demanding more and more smart healthcare services that allow monitoring patient status in a non-invasive way, anywhere and anytime. Thus, healthcare applications are currently facing important challenges guided by the u-health (ubiquitous health) and p-health (pervasive health) paradigms. New emerging technologies can be combined with other widely deployed ones to develop such next-generation healthcare systems. The main objective of this paper is to review and provide more details on the work presented in “LOBIN: E-Textile and Wireless-Sensor-Network-Based Platform for Healthcare Monitoring in Future Hospital Environments”, published in the IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, as well as to extend and update the comparison with other similar systems. As a result, the paper discusses the main advantages and disadvantages of using different architectures and communications technologies to develop wearable systems for pervasive healthcare applications.

2009 Information and Communications for Development : Extending Reach and Increasing Impact

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The information and communication technology (ICT) is transforming interactions between people, governments, and firms worldwide. In developing countries, farmers receive updated crop prices and public health officials monitor medical inventories by text messages. Women are empowered to make decisions and access new opportunities through online information. Entrepreneurs obtain business licenses in a fraction of the standard time by applying for them through municipal government web sites. And in an increasingly integrated global economy, ICT enables people to access and share knowledge and services around the world. The first report, Information and Communications for Development (IC4D) 2006: global trends and policies, analyzed lessons on developing access to ICT, examined the roles of the public and private sectors in this process, and identified the benefits and challenges of adopting and expanding ICT use in businesses. This second report, IC4D 2009: extending reach and increasing impact, takes a close look at mobile and broadband connectivity. It analyzes the development impact of high-speed Internet access in developing countries and provides policy options for rolling out broadband networks and addressing the opportunities and challenges of convergence between telecommunications...

Information and Communication Technologies for Rural Development : Issues and Options, Volume 1. Main Report and Annexes

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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46.09%
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are a potentially revolutionary means of empowering the poor. Realizing this potential will require investments that increase access to ICTs in remote low productivity areas and the development of innovative applications that cater to the needs of the poor and small firms. The costs of these kinds of investment have been decreasing rapidly, but still yield low short term private returns. The private sector cannot alone be expected to underwrite the costs of these developments. If Government does not support these public investments, economic disparities will rise, undermining social stability and future growth. Effective public sector action is required, to establish a regulatory and legal framework that enables the rise of a vibrant innovative competitive private telecommunications and ICT services sector, and to institute selective efficient and transparent public subsidies with high social payoff but low financial returns. This is needed most urgently precisely in developing country contexts where public institutions are often ineffective, corrupt and unaccountable. The challenge takes added significance in Indonesia, a country still recovering from severe economic and political crisis...

Distance Learning : Connecting Development Practitioners

Prakash, Siddhartha
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Information communications technologies (ICTs) have helped to reduce geographical boundaries and connect people across different countries, cities and villages. The internet and mobile phone revolution have enabled millions of people to engage in a global dialogue. Cyber cafes are thriving businesses in the bustling cities of Calcutta, Dakar and Rio and the remoter parts of rural towns and villages such as Tanga, Mopti and Sally. The Global Development Learning Network (GDLN) is a World Bank-supported initiative that uses technology to promote development through learning.

Korea and the Knowledge-based Economy : Making the Transition

Dahlman, Carl; Anderson, Thomas
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and OECD Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and OECD
EN_US
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46.41%
Knowledge is fast becoming a key factor in economic and social development worldwide. Rapid innovations in science, communications and computing technologies are opening up new opportunities for countries to harness knowledge and participate more fully in the global economy. Developing countries that successfully make the transition to the knowledge-based economy will have unprecedented possibilities to become more competitive in world markets and to participate in the global information society. New technologies can also extend the benefits of knowledge to all segments of society and help countries close the gap in living standards among their citizens. This book defines a knowledge-based economy as one where knowledge is created, acquired, transmitted and used effectively by enterprises, organizations, individuals and communities. It does not focus narrowly on high-technology industries or on information and communications technologies, but rather presents a framework for analyzing a range of policy options in education...

Telecommunications and Information Services for the Poor : Toward a Strategy for Universal Access

Navas-Sabater, Juan; Dymond, Andrew; Juntunen, Niina
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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Access to information, and communications technologies has become crucial to a sustainable agenda of economic development, and poverty reduction, and yet access remains concentrated in a few regions and population groups, with the contours of this new "digital divide" closely following, and supplementing existing income, and economic divides. However, technological innovations, economic pressures, and regulatory reforms, are making access to information, and communications technologies more affordable, and, providing opportunities to close the digital divide. This discussion paper outlines a number of policy, and regulatory measures, including incentives to attract investors to high cost, or challenging areas, that can be used under different scenarios, to close the digital divide. While Bank Group experience shows an increasing number of projects with specific universal access components, this paper proposes alternatives for Bank Group support for universal access policies, through an appropriate mix of technical assistance...

Cambodia : Review of Government Information and Communications Technologies Policies and Investments

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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56.34%
Further, governments are using information and communication technologies (ICT) as tools to reduce transaction costs and processing time, and increase government revenues. Further, the potential to access public services at home or at a local Internet kiosk empowers citizens in rural areas, including women and minorities. Access to relevant public information on rights and benefits, inheritance and family laws, health care, and housing can be provided through the Internet or mobile phone which translates to easier access and less time than traveling to or queuing up at government departments. The Royal Government of Cambodia (the Government) has taken various initiatives regarding the streamlining of ICTs in administration functions and several core agencies have invested or are planning on investing in information systems, databases of various types, websites, communications networks, etc. However, this figure will be significantly higher when the cost for ICT components under sector projects, such as under education...

ICT Sector Policy Note for Panama : Enabling Inclusive Development through Information and Communications Technologies

World Bank
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
EN_US
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56.3%
The Government of Panama and the private sector recognize the importance of information and communications technology (ICT) as an enabler of national development. This ICT sector policy note seeks to identify opportunities and challenges for growth of the ICT sector in Panama, particularly on rural access to broadband services and on cybersecurity, and potential for spillover impacts across other sectors. It provides a brief overview of the ICT sector in Panama and outlines a series of strategic actions and recommendations aimed at leveraging ICT as an engine of growth by targeting connectivity infrastructure, policies, regulation, e-Services, public data, and skills. The report is organized as follows: section one presents ICT sector in the economy. Section two deals with offer for connectivity. Section three presents demand. Section four describes the sector status from the cybersecurity point of view. Based on these analyses, section five identifies challenges that are hindering the growth of the industry, and section six presents policy options to overcome them. Finally...

Information and Communication Technologies for Health Systems Strengthening

Otto, Kate; Shekar, Meera; Herbst, Christopher H.; Mohammed, Rianna
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Information and communication technologies (ICT) for health or eHealth solutions hold great potential for generating systemic efficiencies by strengthening five critical pillars of a health system: human resources for health, supply chain management, health care financing, governance and service delivery, and infrastructure. This report describes the changing landscape of eHealth initiatives through these five pillars, with a geographic focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. This report further details seven criteria, or prerequisites, that must be considered and addressed in order to effectively establish and scale up ICT-based solutions in the health sector. These criteria include infrastructure, data and interoperability standards, local capacity, policy and regulatory environments, an appropriate business model, alignment of partnerships and priorities, and monitoring and evaluation. In order to bring specific examples of these criteria to light, this report concludes with 12 specific case studies of potentially scalable ICT-based health care solutions currently being implemented across the globe at community...

Characterizing and Comparing the Evolution of the Major Global Players in Information and Communications Technologies

DESRUELLE Paul; STANCIK JURAJ
Fonte: Social Science Research Network (SSRN) Publicador: Social Science Research Network (SSRN)
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In this paper, we characterize and compare, using most recent official macro-economic data, the evolution of the Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) industry of the major global players in ICT: China, the European Union (EU), Japan, Korea, Taiwan and the USA. The ICT industry includes IT and telecom hardware manufacturers, telecom operators and software and computer service firms. It provides technologies and solutions necessary for the development of the digital economy and society. This analysis is particularly relevant for policy makers since the ICT industry and ICT-enabled innovation make an increasingly important contribution to economic growth. Our research is part of the policy support provided by JRCIPTS to the Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology of the European Commission (DG CNECT).; JRC.J.3-Information Society

Right Technology, Right Now An Evaluation Methodology for Rapidly Deployable Information and Communications Technologies in Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief

Gabriel, James Gregory
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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The most significant technological challenge after a major humanitarian disaster is the rapid deployment of information and communications technologies (ICT) for initial responders. Reliance on ICTparticularly wireless communicationsis essential to a coordinated response, particularly in international disasters due to the large number and diversity of responding organizations. Therefore, choosing the most effective ICT systems for disaster response is a critical factor for ensuring success of the response effort. This research will provide background information related to selecting rapidly deployable ICT resources for disaster responders by exploring U.S. policy, worldwide disaster trends, and U.S. government responses. In addition, this thesis will evaluate ICT challenges that are unique to the post-disaster environment and identify essential characteristics of rapidly deployable ICT systems. Finally, this research will develop a quantifiable methodology based on essential characteristics to evaluate and compare commercially-available ICT systems in order to identify systems best suited for the disaster environment. Revelations will contribute to potential policy recommendations and follow-on research that will facilitate determination of the best ICT options...

An evaluation methodology for rapidly deployable information and communications technologies in HA/DR

Gabriel, James Gregory; Singh, Gurminder; Steckler, Brian
Fonte: Monterey, California, Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California, Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
One of the most significant technological challenges after major humanitarian disasters is the rapid deployment of information and communications technologies (ICT) for initial responders. Reliance on ICT -- particularly wireless communications -- is essential to a coordinated response. This is especially true in international disasters due to the large number and diversity of responding organizations. Therefore, choosing the most effective ICT systems for disaster response is a critical factor for ensuring success of the response effort. This paper proposes a method to select and rapidly deploy ICT resources for disaster responsers by evaluating ICT challenges that are unique to the post-disaster environment and identifying essential characteristics of rapidly deployable ICT systems. Further, the authors will develop a quantifiable methodology based on essential characteristics to evaluate and compare commercially-available ICT systems in order to identify technologies best suited for the disaster environment. Revelations will contribute to potential policy recommendations and follow-on research that will facilitate determination of the best ICT options, resulting in more effective cooperative utilization of these technologies to improve post-disaster responsiveness.

Informational Capabilities : The Missing Link for the Impact of ICT on Development

Gigler, Bjorn-Soren
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
Under what conditions can information and communications technologies (ICTs) enhance the well-being of poor communities? The paper designs an alternative evaluation framework (AEF) that applies Sen's capability approach to the study of ICTs in order to place people's well-being, rather than technology at the center of the study. The AEF develops an impact chain that examines the mechanisms by which access to, and meaningful use of, ICTs can enhance peoples, 'informational capabilities' and can lead to improvements in people's human and social capabilities. This approach thus uses peoples human capabilities, rather than measures of access or usage, as its principal evaluative space. Based on empirical evidence from rural communities uses of ICTs in Bolivia, the study concludes that enhancing people's informational capabilities is the most critical factor determining the impact of ICTs on their well-being. The findings indicate that improved informational capabilities, like literacy, do enhance the human capabilities of the poor and marginalized to make strategic life choices to achieve the lifestyle they value. Evaluating the impact of ICTs in terms of capabilities thus reveals that there is no direct relationship between improved access to...

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) for Youth in MENA : Policies to Promote Employment Opportunities

Cava, Gloria La; Rossotto, Carlo Maria; Paradi-Guilford, Cecilia
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank; World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank; World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
On January 18, 2011, the Arab Development Summit Youth Forum met in Sharm-el-Sheikh, Egypt, aiming to provide young Arab leaders and Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) entrepreneurs with the opportunity for dialogue with Arab decision makers, providing recommendations on how to empower youth in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) through ICT. Tunisia's Jasmine revolution and its aftermath highlighted demand from youth for good governance. Access to information, freedom of expression and overall economic opportunities, ranked highest among the priorities articulated by youth-led Arab movements for change. The issue of youth employment is key to inclusive development in MENA which has the youngest population (average age 23 years) together with the highest global youth unemployment rate. While demand for ICT has been increasing dramatically, there is a regional youth digital divide. Mobile penetration is high but only 1.6 percent of the population has internet access. Addressing challenges on the supply-side and the demand-side can enable youth to reap the benefits of ICT.

Using Technology to Build Inclusive Financial Systems; La technologie au service de systemes financiers de systemes financiers inclusifs

Ivatury, Gautam; Pickens, Mark; Siedek, Hannah
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Innovative use of information and communications technologies to inexpensively process a large volume of small transactions and deliver a wide range of financial services may help to make microfinance institutions (MFIs) more efficient and commercial banks more interested in serving poor people. Falling hardware costs and growing support infrastructure are making these technologies increasingly available. From 1999 to 2004, the number of mobile subscribers in Africa grew from 7.5 million to 76.8 million. Besides reducing delivery costs for banks, poor people may ultimately prefer using these channels because they are inexpensive and convenient. Many who are unbanked now may gain access to financial services for the first time. In a recent CGAP survey, 62 financial institutions in 32 countries report using technology channels, such as automated teller machines (ATMs), point of sale (POS) card readers, and mobile phones, to handle transactions for poor customers. Some are using new technology to better serve existing customers; others hope to reach new clients in areas where setting up a bank branch may be too costly. In Brazil...

2012 Information and Communications for Development : Maximizing Mobile

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
With some 6 billion mobile subscriptions in use worldwide, around three-quarters of the world's inhabitants now have access to a mobile phone. Mobiles are arguably the most ubiquitous modern technology: in some developing countries, more people have access to a mobile phone than to a bank account, electricity, or even clean water. Mobile communications now offer major opportunities to advance human development from providing basic access to education or health information to making cash payments to stimulating citizen involvement in democratic processes. The developing world is 'more mobile' than the developed world. In the developed world, mobile communications have added value to legacy communication systems and have supplemented and expanded existing information flows. However, the developing world is following a different, 'mobile first' development trajectory. Many mobile innovations such as multi-SIM card phones, low-value recharges, and mobile payments have originated in poorer countries and are spreading from there. New mobile applications that are designed locally and rooted in the realities of the developing world will be much better suited to addressing development challenges than applications transplanted from elsewhere. In particular...

Broadcasting and Development : Options for the World Bank

Eltzroth, Carter; Kenny, Charles
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
Broadcasting can have a significant part to play in the fight to reduce global poverty. At least 77 percent of the world's population is estimated to be within easy access of broadcast technology (compared to perhaps 4 percent for the Internet), broadcast services are easily accessible by the illiterate and those that speak minority languages. Broadcast operations have been proven sustainable even in low income rural areas. They can play an important role in information transfer (conveying crop prices and employment opportunities, for example). They have played an important role in a range of development projects-including interactive radio instruction, where they have been found to be a highly cost effective intervention. Access to broadcast technologies also has been found to correlate with improved access to government services. Convergence of information and communications technologies (ICT) is allowing broadcast services to be provided over telecommunications networks and Internet services to use broadcast systems. Differentiating broadcast and telecommunications is becoming increasingly anachronistic...

Regulating the technological actor: how governments tried to transform the technology and the market for cryptography and cryptographic services and the implications for the regulation of information and communications technologies

Hosein, Ian
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The formulation, adoption, and transformation of policy involves the interaction of actors as they negotiate, accept, and reject proposals. Traditional studies of policy discourse focus on social actors. By studying cryptography policy discourses, I argue that considering both social and technological actors in detail enriches our understanding of policy discourse. The case-based research looks at the various cryptography policy strategies employed by the governments of the United States of America and the United Kingdom. The research method is qualitative, using hermeneutics to elucidate the various actors’ interpretations. The research aims to understand policy discourse as a contest of principles involving various government actors advocating multiple regulatory mechanisms to maintain their surveillance capabilities, and the reactions of industry actors, non-governmental organisations, parliamentarians, and epistemic communities. I argue that studying socio-technological discourse helps us to understand the complex dynamics involved in regulation and regulatory change. Interests and alignments may be contingent and unstable. As a result, technologies can not be regarded as mere representations of social interests and relationships. By capturing the interpretations and articulations of social and technological actors we may attain a better understanding of the regulatory landscape for information and communications technologies.

Machines for living in: communication technologies and everyday life in times of urban transformation

Ureta Icaza, Sebastian
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This thesis investigates the degree to which our everyday conceptions of 'place' have changed in contemporary society, especially in relation to the use of information and communications technologies (ICTs). The empirical evidence is a case study of 20 low-income families who live in Santiago, Chile. These families had just moved to a new social housing estate from the shantytowns and/or situations of extreme overcrowding. The first section of the thesis examines how their conceptions of 'place' have changed as a result of the move. On the one hand, it is difficult for them to perceive the housing estate as a 'place' with the same characteristics as their former home environments (close social networks, common history, etc.) due to a difficult and still incomplete adaptation. On the other hand, their social exclusion, especially demonstrated in terms of their limited spatial mobility, means that their everyday life still unfolds in a limited and relatively static number of places. In these circumstances they develop a minimal concept of place based not on an emotional attachment to a space, but rather on particular practices located in certain time and space. This concept of place is labelled here as 'localities of practices'. The second part of the thesis examines how these 'localities of practices' are becoming increasingly 'mediated...