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Competência em comunicação: uma ponte entre aprendizado e ensino na enfermagem.; Competence in communication: a bridge between learning and teaching in nursing.

Braga, Eliana Mara
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/11/2004 PT
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Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar referenciais de competências comunicativas interpessoais e propor bases teórico-metodológicas para o aprendizado da comunicação interpessoal no ensino da Enfermagem. Abordando questões norteadoras sobre competência em comunicação interpessoal, utilizou-se referencial teórico de comunicação e método de análise de conteúdo em 13 discursos de professores de Enfermagem, especialistas em comunicação. Os resultados obtidos representam que a competência em comunicação é um processo interpessoal que deve atingir o objetivo dos comunicadores, pressupor conhecimentos básicos de comunicação, ter consciência do verbal e do não-verbal nas interações, atuar com clareza e objetividade, promover o autoconhecimento e, conseqüentemente, ter a possibilidade de uma vida mais autêntica. Os sujeitos relatam que a expressão da competência comunicativa está, necessariamente, no vivenciar o cotidiano profissional e pessoal, ouvindo o outro, prestando atenção na comunicação não-verbal, validando a compreensão das mensagens, sendo capaz de eliminar as barreiras impostas à comunicação, demonstrando afetividade e investindo no autoconhecimento. O desenvolvimento da competência comunicativa verifica-se pelo estímulo recebido desde a graduação...

Avaliação dos elementos de comunicação percebidos por médicos e enfermeiros no cuidado por telessaúde; Evaluation of Communication Elements perceived by physicians and nurses in telehealth care

Barbosa, Ingrid de Almeida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/05/2015 PT
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Introdução: A comunicação é o processo pelo qual ocorrem compreensão e compartilhamento de mensagens enviadas e recebidas, sendo que o conteúdo destas mensagens exerce influência no comportamento das pessoas envolvidas. Atualmente, a área da saúde tem utilizado ferramentas de cuidado à distância para prestar assistência aos pacientes em diversos contextos - a chamada Telessaúde. A influência desta modalidade de cuidado sobre a natureza e o conteúdo da comunicação deve ser muito bem compreendida, visto que o processo de comunicação humana adequado é essencial na assistência à saúde com qualidade. Objetivos: avaliar a percepção do profissional da saúde referente a elementos de Comunicação Humana no cuidado por Telessaúde. Os objetivos específicos foram: verificar que elementos de Comunicação Humana o enfermeiro e o médico identificam no cuidado por Telessaúde, e discutir, por meio dos achados, em que aspectos essa modalidade de cuidado pode impactar na comunicação interpessoal entre os profissionais de saúde e, consequentemente, na assistência aos pacientes. Método: pesquisa descritiva, com abordagem qualitativa, realizada com 20 profissionais que atuam em telessaúde no Brasil. Os dados foram coletados com médicos e enfermeiros por meio de sistema de vídeo ou áudio...

Lusophony : communication in the portuguese speaking world

Sousa, Helena; Pinto, Manuel
Fonte: International Communication Association (ICA) Publicador: International Communication Association (ICA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1999 ENG
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This article provides a general overview of media and communication in the Portuguese Speaking World. It could be said that the media were an awareness catalyst for Lusophone issues well before the formal constitution of the Lusophone Community. Even in periods of more tense political/diplomatic relations between Lusophone countries, the media always maintained what could be described as a minimum connection. Information has traditionally circulated with ease in this space through news agencies, newspapers, radio and television international broadcasts. Films, series, sports programmes, and cultural products such as telenovelas, faced no cultural resistance, being well received in all Lusophone countries. Brazil and Portugal clearly are the main producers of information and entertainment content but the content flow is far from being unidirectional.

New religious communication processes : “creative destruction” in contents - case study

Balonas, Sara
Fonte: International Association for Media and Communication Research IAMCR Publicador: International Association for Media and Communication Research IAMCR
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /06/2013 ENG
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We are living a time of intense renovation in what concerns the way the Catholic Church interacts with its citizens. In a certain sense, the “creative destruction” defended by Schumpeter (1942) also applies to the world of religion, once the new technologies have been replacing other ways of getting in touch with people. New paradigms and the notion that speech should become closer, leads the Church to adhere to the new digital and interactive media . Thus, we are witnessing the internet as a missionary tool, whether through websites or through social networks like MySpace, Facebook, Twitter or Youtube, a theme already presented in studies at IAMCR (Balonas: 2010, 2011). In short, religion is renewing its discourse with the outside world, creating new bridges of contact, seeking for more followers. Portuguese religious institutions are also aware of the power of these new mediators, reason why they have been hiring advertising and communication companies to implement new strategies for communication, targeting the younger. But this seems to be insufficient. A recent case study shows that the speech and the contents have to be rethought in an internal level, within the catholic community. It is no longer enough to change the way they communicate with the outside...

What is journalism and what only looks like it? Re-defining concepts, roles and rules in the wide field of communication

Fidalgo, Joaquim
Fonte: International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR). Journalism Research & Education Section Publicador: International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR). Journalism Research & Education Section
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2007 ENG
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In today’s public information landscape, it seems to be increasingly difficult to draw a clear line between what is and what is not journalism (even if it appears as such). Under this cover, a lot of different practices are being developed in the wide field of communication, raising complex questions about what specifically defines journalism – whether it is carried out by formally recognized professionals or media companies, or by other kind of individuals and groups who now have easy access to public communication instruments (Internet sites, weblogs…) and commit themselves to gather, handle and diffuse some kind of information in the public sphere. We can say that professional journalists (and their institutional contexts) no longer have the monopoly of this activity – of this public service, we should say. Still, many new actors trying to enter this field – or to mix with it – very often don’t seem to respect some of the basic standards and ethical demands in which journalism is grounded, although they tend to use its technical tools and usual forms and models. In this paper, we present a case study of a Portuguese quality daily newspaper in which these questions were discussed (namely through the involvement of its ombudsman)...

A comunicação da ciência e as estratégias online : o caso do Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Sociedade; The communication of science and the online communication strategies : the case study of Communication and Society Research Centre

Magalhães, Ricardina
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 POR
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Dissertação de mestrado em Ciências da Comunicação (área de especialização em Publicidade e Relações Públicas); A ciência é uma atividade que propicia o desenvolvimento tecnológico, social, cultural e económico. Pela importância que assume na vida humana, é fundamental que esta se aproxime dos cidadãos, mediante a divulgação externa do seu trabalho, das suas descobertas e do seu pensamento. É importante, então, avaliar a forma como o mundo científico comunica, nomeadamente a capacidade de adequação da comunicação da ciência às novas ferramentas e às respetivas formas de interação com os públicos. Referimo-nos à comunicação digital que traz potencialidades acrescidas, face ao modo de funcionar da comunicação tradicional, mas que comporta igualmente riscos e desafios para as instituições de ciência. Neste contexto, procuraremos demonstrar que o investimento que é feito na comunicação online, inserida uma estratégia de comunicação sólida e coerente, pode trazer benefícios acrescidos à divulgação científica. O Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Sociedade tem como atividade a investigação científica no campo das Ciências da Comunicação. Divulgar os resultados da sua investigação tem sido uma preocupação primária para o Centro...

Analyse bibliométrique des revues Canadian Journal of Communication et Communication 1974-2005

Ramírez y Ramírez, Karla Margarita
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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L’objectif de cette étude est de saisir une image des éléments explicitement reconnaissables de la recherche en communication visibles dans les revues savantes Canadian Journal of Communication et dans Communication de 1974 à 2005. Il s’agit d’une analyse bibliométrique des articles publiés par les chercheurs d’institutions canadiennes et de leurs références bibliographiques. La bibliométrie est « l’application de méthodes statistiques aux livres et aux autres moyens de communication » (Pritchard, 1969: 348-349). C’est la première fois qu’une analyse de ce type est tentée dans ce corpus particulier. Nous nous sommes appuyés sur des postulats théoriques provenant de la sociologie des sciences et des études en communication scientifique. L’idée maîtresse est la suivante : l’activité scientifique est un « continuum de création de nouvelles connaissances » (Vassallo, 1999), dont l’organisation est basée sur l’échange d’information (Price, 1963; Crane, 1972), qui se traduit en reconnaissance sociale, en autorité scientifique, et constitue un investissement pour l’acquisition de crédibilité (Merton, 1938; Hagstrom, 1965; Bourdieu, 1975; Latour et Woolgar, 1986). À partir de l’analyse des articles...

Complexité de la communication sur un canal avec délai

Lapointe, Rébecca
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Nous introduisons un nouveau modèle de la communication à deux parties dans lequel nous nous intéressons au temps que prennent deux participants à effectuer une tâche à travers un canal avec délai d. Nous établissons quelques bornes supérieures et inférieures et comparons ce nouveau modèle aux modèles de communication classiques et quantiques étudiés dans la littérature. Nous montrons que la complexité de la communication d’une fonction sur un canal avec délai est bornée supérieurement par sa complexité de la communication modulo un facteur multiplicatif d/ lg d. Nous présentons ensuite quelques exemples de fonctions pour lesquelles une stratégie astucieuse se servant du temps mort confère un avantage sur une implémentation naïve d’un protocole de communication optimal en terme de complexité de la communication. Finalement, nous montrons qu’un canal avec délai permet de réaliser un échange de bit cryptographique, mais que, par lui-même, est insuffisant pour réaliser la primitive cryptographique de transfert équivoque.; We introduce a new communication complexity model in which we want to determine how much time of communication is needed by two players in order to execute arbitrary tasks on a channel with delay d. We establish a few basic lower and upper bounds and compare this new model to existing models such as the classical and quantum two-party models of communication. We show that the standard communication complexity of a function...

Development Communication Sourcebook : Broadening the Boundaries of Communication

Mefalopulos, Paolo
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
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This Sourcebook illustrates how the emerging paradigm in development communication, focused on participation and two-way communication, constitutes a necessary element in order to avoid the mistakes of the past. It makes the case about the importance of incorporating communication practices into the policies and practices of development. It intends also to offer a broader conception of communication that would take into account other purposes and functions than the usual ones. The study claims that communication is not only about raising awareness, informing, persuading, or changing behavior. It is also about listening, exploring, understanding, empowering, and building consensus for change. This should resonate loud and clear for the reader. Two-way communication, used to understand, assess, explore, and facilitate decision making related to change, combined with the effective use of one-way communication approaches, has been proven to significantly enhance results and the sustainability of development initiatives. This Sourcebook is intended to provide a small contribution in further promoting the understanding and subsequent adoption of such practices...

Communicating the Impact of Communication for Development : Recent Trends in Empirical Research

Inogaki, Nobuya
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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The UN Millennium Development Goals call for not only greater financial commitment in international assistance programs but also innovative strategies to tackle the serious economic, health, education, and other basic human rights problems in the developing world. This paper is organized as follows: Chapter 2 is an overview of key theoretical models of development communication. Chapter 3 describes the characteristic patterns of recent empirical studies in development communication in terms of theoretical models and types of communication strategies. Chapter 4 presents some outstanding evidence of the impacts of communication on development initiatives. Chapter 5 discusses weak spots in the evidence. The concluding chapter will make suggestions for further research by drawing attention to the theoretical, methodological and empirical gaps in the existing academic research in development communication.

World Congress on Communication for Development : Lessons, Challenges, and the Way Forward

The Communication Initiative; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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The first World Congress on Communication for Development (WCCD) took place in Rome, Italy, on October 25-27, 2006. The main goal of the WCCD was to position and promote the field of Communication for Development in the overall agenda of development and international cooperation. Toward this end, three types of stakeholders, who rarely interact, gathered in Rome: academics, practitioners, and policy and decision makers. The interaction and exchange of perspectives among these three groups served to enhance the overall understanding of the field of Communication for Development by a broader audience.

A Domain Specific Modeling Approach for Coordinating User-Centric Communication Services

Wu, Yali
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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Rapid advances in electronic communication devices and technologies have resulted in a shift in the way communication applications are being developed. These new development strategies provide abstract views of the underlying communication technologies and lead to the so-called user-centric communication applications. One user-centric communication (UCC) initiative is the Communication Virtual Machine (CVM) technology, which uses the Communication Modeling Language (CML) for modeling communication services and the CVM for realizing these services. In communication-intensive domains such as telemedicine and disaster management, there is an increasing need for user-centric communication applications that are domain-specific and that support the dynamic coordination of communication services commonly found in collaborative communication scenarios. However, UCC approaches like the CVM offer little support for the dynamic coordination of communication services resulting from inherent dependencies between individual steps of a collaboration task. Users either have to manually coordinate communication services, or reply on a process modeling technique to build customized solutions for services in a specific domain that are usually costly...

Évaluation de la simulation à haute fidélité pour améliorer la communication interprofessionnelle aux soins intensifs : étude expérimentale à double insu

Breton, Esther
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Objectifs: Les patients hospitalisés aux soins intensifs (SI) sont souvent victimes d’erreurs médicales. La nature interprofessionnelle des équipes de SI les rend vulnérables aux erreurs de communication. L’objectif primaire du projet est d’améliorer la communication dans une équipe interprofessionnelle de soins intensifs par une formation en simulation à haute fidélité. Méthodologie Une étude prospective randomisée contrôlée à double insu a été réalisée. Dix équipes de six professionnels de SI ont complété trois scénarios de simulations de réanimation. Le groupe intervention était débreffé sur des aspects de communication alors que le groupe contrôle était débreffé sur des aspects techniques de réanimation. Trois mois plus tard, les équipes réalisaient une quatrième simulation sans débreffage. Les simulations étaient toutes évaluées pour la qualité, l’efficacité de la communication et le partage des informations critiques par quatre évaluateurs. Résultats Pour l’issue primaire, il n’y a pas eu d’amélioration plus grande de la communication dans le groupe intervention en comparaison avec le groupe contrôle. Une amélioration de 16% de l’efficacité des communications a été notée dans les équipes de soins intensifs indépendamment du groupe étudié. Les infirmiers et les inhalothérapeutes ont amélioré significativement l’efficacité de la communication après trois sessions. L’effet observé ne s’est pas maintenu à trois mois. Conclusion Une formation sur simulateur à haute fidélité couplée à un débreffage peut améliorer à court terme l’efficacité des communications dans une équipe interprofessionnelle de SI.; Objective: Patient hospitalized in intensive care units (ICU) are often victims of medical errors. The interprofessional nature of ICU teams makes them particularly vulnerable to communication errors. The primary objective of this project is to improve interprofessional communication in an ICU team using a high fidelity simulation-based training. Method A prospective...

The impact of perceptions of journal quality on business and management communication academics

Rogers, Priscilla S.; Campbell, Nittaya; Louhiala-Salminen, Leena; Rentz, Kathy; Suchan, Jim
Fonte: Association for Business Communication Publicador: Association for Business Communication
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The article of record as published may be found at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0021943607306138; This commentary describes and critiques criteria that, according to results from an Association for Business Communication (ABC) member survey, are having an impact on quality judgments about our journals. ABC members rank the Journal of Business Communication and Business Communication Quarterly, as top research and pedaogical jounals in business/managment communications, a finding corroborated by a larger study of acadmics in business and technical communication. However, the growing importance of citation counts and journal rankings currently disadavantages our journals, presenting us with professional obligation and personal dilemmas in relation to them. The authors' purpose is to raise awareness of the various determinants of perceptions of journal quality, to explore the communal views of ABC members on this issue, and to seek ways of enhancing the value of business/management communication research in the academic marketplace.

Effective science communication practices and simple hands-on activities: two important elements of teacher professional development

Perera, Sean
Fonte: Hands-on Science Network and National Council for Science and Technology Communication, India; http://www.hsci.info/ Publicador: Hands-on Science Network and National Council for Science and Technology Communication, India; http://www.hsci.info/
Tipo: Book chapter; Published Version Formato: 5 pages
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Inquiry-based pedagogy remains a key reform recommendation for school science internationally. Many science teachers are, however, challenged by inquiry. Mounting evidence suggests two main reasons for teachers' reluctance towards this student-centred approach of instruction: a lack of a well grounded science knowledge base; and inadequate exposure to inquiry in practice. This paper presents qualitative evidence from Australian, Indonesian and Sri Lankan science teachers who participated in one-day professional development workshops that exemplified constructivist learning. The findings indicate that simple hands-on activities and effective science communication practices can help to foster inquiry.; Paper presented at the 6th International Conference on Hands-on Science, Ahmedabad, India

Strategic Communication for Development Projects : A Toolkit for Task Team Leaders; Comunicacion estrategica para proyectos de desarrollo : herramientas para coordinadores de equipos de trabajo

Cabanero-Verzosa, Cecilia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Efforts to promote general awareness of public health issues - the traditional goal of information, education, and communication (IEC) programs have built a good foundation for population, health, and nutrition (PHN) activities. So communication programs must be designed to support behavior change in key constituencies delivering the message not just to potential clients, but to health providers as well. This document accompanies a toolkit designed to help Bank task managers plan and supervise the implementation of communication activities in PHN projects. It reviews the basic principles of communication for behavior change, presenting a step-by-stop guide to planning and implementing communication activities and linking those steps to the Bank's project cycle. The toolkit contains a set of practical modules, including: communication research approaches for bank projects; a guide to communication indicators; sample term of reference for Bank and Borrower consultants; guide questions for assessing organizational capacity; sample budget and implementation plan; and case studies of best practice in behavior change communication.

Qualité de vie et communication entre soignant et soignée auprès de femmes atteintes de cancer du sein : approche longitudinale

Trudel, Julie G.
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
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Introduction : De nos jours, les femmes atteintes de cancer du sein peuvent espérer une survie prolongée et un grand nombre d’entre elles peuvent même entrevoir la guérison. Alors que le dépistage précoce et les traitements rigoureux donnent espoir à de plus en plus de femmes, les chercheurs et les cliniciens doivent maintenant se pencher sur la qualité de vie de ces femmes à chaque phase clinique de la trajectoire de soins. Les difficultés physiques, fonctionnelles, psychologiques et sociales avec lesquelles les femmes vivent peuvent compromettre leur qualité de vie, d’où l’intérêt d’évaluer celle-ci. Peu de chercheurs se sont intéressés au changement longitudinal de la qualité de vie de ces femmes aux différents moments de la trajectoire de soins en oncologie : diagnostic, traitement et suivi. De plus, peu se sont demandés si la perception que les femmes ont de leur communication avec les professionnels de la santé influence leur qualité de vie le long de la trajectoire de soins. Objectifs principaux : 1) Décrire l’évolution de la qualité de vie liée à la santé des femmes atteintes de cancer du sein pendant le diagnostic, les traitements de radiothérapie et le suivi; 2) Décrire l’évolution de la perception que les femmes ont de leur communication avec les médecins...

El caso de comunicación para el desarrollo: perspectivas, problemas y tendencias; The Case of Development Communication: Perspectives, Issues and Trends

Mathew, A.F.; Mudra Institute of Communication
Fonte: Universidad de la Sabana Publicador: Universidad de la Sabana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
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El propósito de este trabajo es proporcionar una visión general de comunicación para el desarrollo. Para este fin, la primera sección se centra en la perspectiva teórica y evolución de la comunicación para el desarrollo. La segunda sección trata de ejemplos seleccionados del Tercer Mundo, y la sección final es un resumen.; The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of development communication. To do so, the first section focuses on the theoretical perspective and evolution of development communication. The second section deals with selected examples from the Third World, and the final section is a summary.

University of Limerick s MA in technical communication and e-learning

Slattery, Darina M; Cleary, Yvonne
Fonte: Council for Programs in Technical and Scientific Communication Publicador: Council for Programs in Technical and Scientific Communication
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
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peer-reviewed; This article describes the mission, history, development, structure, and curriculum of the MA in Technical Communication and E-Learning, which is offered by the University of Limerick. The program started as a Graduate Diploma/ MA in Technical Communication but merged with the MA in E-Learning Design and Development in 2010. While the curriculum has evolved over the years, the overriding skill set of graduates remains constant; graduates are able to write clear, concise content for a range of media. In addition to discussing the curricular changes and structure, this article describes the typical roles filled by graduates, the faculty involved in the program, and the challenges they face administering the program.; ACCEPTED; peer-reviewed

Reflections on a Christian view of human communication

van Belle,H.A.
Fonte: Koers Publicador: Koers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
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This article defines human communication as community building and describes the various functions of communication in life. It argues that a number of other human activities are presupposed in communication without which communication would not be possible. These activities are its inherent functions. Community building is described as the authentic function of communication. Without it communication would not be what it is. Lastly, there are several social activities that depend on communication for their existence. These are what communication is for. Such functions form the adherent functions of communication. Next the article describes a set of norms or criteria for distinguishing good communication from bad. Then follows a description of some models of communication found in the literature. These are seen as less than full descriptions of actual human communication. A few of these models reduce communication to one or more of its inherent functions. One honours the authentic function but none of them do justice to the adherent functions of communication. In addition, the article briefly describes and evaluates mass media communication. Because of its monological nature this communication can only produce one-way messages from sender to receiver. It thus gives the sender an unfair advantage of influence over the receiver. Dialogical communication remedies that problem and is to be preferred because in it the influence is mutual between the sender and the receiver of a message. However...