Página 1 dos resultados de 213 itens digitais encontrados em 0.056 segundos

Instrumento de gestão urbanística: limites e perspectiva de aplicação do estudo de impacto de vizinhança (EIV).; Urban management tools: limits and prospects for application of the study of impact of neighbourhood.

Albuquerque, Adriana Cavalcanti de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Dinâmicas do Espaço Habitado; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Dinâmicas do Espaço Habitado; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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The Impact of Neighborhood Study was formalized by the Statute of the City Law as an instrument of urban policy, but it s still subject of discussion in multidisciplinary fields such as Law, Geography and City Planning, on its universe of coverage. This paper analyzes the Impact of Neighborhood to identify its limitations and prospects of application. For this analysis are sought, initially, the genesis of the instrument, trying to identify its origin and appearance as well as the conceptual aspects of founding, considered the impact of urban neighborhoods and developments impacting. Since the 1970s, the society attempts to regulate, through legislation, specific parameters for the implementation of some activities in urban areas, but only in 2001 was formalized a specific instrument for this purpose. To understand the universe of coverage of the Impact of Neighborhood Study were used definitions of some authors, organized in a framework where they established two types of discussion: the Impact of Neighborhood Study as a guarantee of constitutional principles and as an instrument of social control and urban land use. This study also examines three methods of application of the Impact of Neighborhood Study, built from the intention to promote the application of the instrument...

Avaliação do desempenho da ventilação natural e do sombreamento em casas de Maceió projetadas segundo princípios abordados na cartilha de Armando de holanda; Perfomance evaluation of natural ventilation and shading of houses in Maceió designed according to principles discussed in the Armando de Holanda s booklet

Castro, Renata Torres Sarmento de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Dinâmicas do Espaço Habitado; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Dinâmicas do Espaço Habitado; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This survey deals with the dimensionality of the natural ventilation and its fitness to building houses in the Brazilian Northeast. It is a case study due to the limited sample of the object evaluated, since that its abridgement involved only two houses located in Maceió city in the state of Alagoas. As matter of fact, by the end of 1970 through 1980, a pernambucano architect under the name of Armando de Holanda wrote a booklet guide containing 9 (nine) bioclimatic strategies to solve the problem of the hot and damp ventilation that reaches the tropical regions causing distress to their inhabitants, above all inside the houses. According to Holanda s point of view the trouble could be lessened if the building of the houses were more adequate and suitable to the local temperature of the environment. The statements lined out by Holanda consisted of nine (9) strategic. In the inquiry made up, some of Holanda s a priori strategic propositions have been selected and evaluated such the natural air performance, the shading and other items of two houses built by two architects who drew and carried out an experimental project for their own dwellings. Both houses were object of analysis and evaluation by means of a detailed methodoly concerning the climatic data and the bioclimatic strategies followed by an essay of ventilation and sunny rays with virtual models through computerized SketchUp application of the solar chart. As a result...

Ops! Cabe ou não cabe? : tipologia e funcionalidade das habitações do PAR em Maceió; Oops! Fit or not fit? : type of housing and functionality of PAR in Maceió

Porangaba, Alexsandro Tenório
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Dinâmicas do Espaço Habitado; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Dinâmicas do Espaço Habitado; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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The demand for social housing (HIS) has grown significantly while the internal spaces of these houses have suffered substantial reductions in size, directly affecting the use of the dwelling. In this context, the Residential Leasing Program (PAR) is notable for promoting the construction of dwellings for populations with low purchasing power, differentiated into two construction patterns: PAR-1 and PAR-2. Builders should follow the minimum building codes for construction, furnishings, equipment, living space and low-cost construction, the latter being the most relevant item in the approval of architectural proposals. Ignoring these norms, the designs of the PAR, limited to economic conditions, may manifest problems related to lack of kinesthetic space in the housing in the housing unit, incompatibility between the minimum codes and finished space and difficulty in performing domestic activities. As such, the objective of this thesis in Architecture and Urban Planning was to identify building types and analyze the functional quality of vertical housing of the Residential Leasing Program (PAR) in Maceió-AL, through the existing relationship between architectural design and furnishings with a focus on the graphical analysis of the project. Identified are the types and topological relations existing in the architectural designs of the PAR...

Avaliação da política pública de acessibilidade no período de 1992 a 2002 na Cidade do Natal

Sousa Júnior, Romulo Andrade de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar los avances y límites de las políticas de accesibilidad en la ciudad de Natal. Se investigan las políticas publicas municipales de accesibilidad implantadas en los diez años subsecuentes, a partir de la sanción de la Ley Municipal de Accesibilidad Nº 4.090 del 03 de junio de 1992, que torna obligatorio la eliminación de las barreras arquitectónicas para personas con discapacidades en los lugares de circulación de peatones y edificios de uso público de la ciudad. Accesibilidad, en los proyectos de arquitectura y urbanismo es la condición esencial para asegurar a cualquier ciudadano su derecho a ir y venir con seguridad, dignidad y autonomía. Esta investigación se concentra en los barrios de: ciudad alta, Petrópolis y Ribeira, ya que esta área, en el período ya mencionado, fue la que tuvo una mayor concentración del presupuesto de inversiones públicas municipales de la ciudad de Natal, en la eliminación de barreras arquitectónicas en vías urbanas. El método adoptado fue el hipotético deductivo, a partir de la formulación de dos hipótesis de trabajo: la primera, una divergencia entre los objetivos propuestos por la Ley Nº 4.090 y sus aplicaciones prácticas y...

Muitas histórias, uma imagem: a percepção sócio-ambiental de alunos residentes da Escola Agrícola de Jundiaí

Oliveira, Cinthia Soares de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Tendo como base os conceitos de espaço, lugar, ambiente e imagem, sob as vertentes da Arquitetura e Urbanismo, Geografia e Psicologia Ambiental, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo averiguar a percepção de estudantes da Escola Agrícola de Jundiaí (EAJ UFRN) a fim de identificar aspectos das interrelações pessoa-ambiente que diferenciam tal escola de outras instituições. A coleta de dados utilizou multimétodos e investigou um grupo de alunos residentes na Escola que cursavam o ensino médio e técnico em agropecuária em 2006, analisando seus discursos, comportamentos e atitudes de modo a identificar os principais elementos da imagem sócio-ambiental da EAJ. Os resultados apontaram locais, práticas sociais e símbolos representativos da instituição, indicando espaços (construídos e naturais) adequados/inadequados às necessidades/expectativas dos estudantes incluindo a ampliação da interdisciplinaridade no conjunto de suas atividades. Além disso, a fim de incrementar a análise sócio-ambiental em instituições que promovem experiências exitosas, recomenda-se que os aspectos cotidiano e tempo sejam mais profundamente investigados em estudos futuros na área

Projeto em Áreas Consolidadas de Patrimônio Cultural: Propostas para a Construção de uma Metodologia de Ensino

Silva, Heitor de Andrade
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
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Le thème du patrimoine culturel architectural et urbain continue d avoir une place importante dans le milieu technique et scientifique. Le concept s est élargi et aujourd hui comprend différentes procédures de projets d intervention. L importance accordée au thème amène à l inclusion de la matière de techniques rétrospectives et aux contenus qui en sont liés: conservation, restauration, restructuration et reconstruction d édifices et ensembles urbains, dans les parcours des cours d architecture et d urbanisme au Brésil établies par le Ministère de l Education Nationale (MEC) dans les années quatre-vingt-dix, postérieurement incorporés dans les directrices disciplinaires nationales. Nous partons des discussions théoriques et conceptuelles du Domaine du Patrimoine Culturel, ainsi que des principales théories pédagogiques d enseignements et d apprentissage articulées au projet. Dans ce contexte les objectifs principaux de cette thèse consistent à systématiser et à analyser les principales procédures méthodologiques contribuant pour la construction de méthodes d enseignement tournée vers des activités pratiques dans ce domaine. Pour cela, la recherche a été systématisée dans une approche à deux niveaux. En ce qui concerne le premier...

Do modelo geométrico ao modelo físico: o tridimensional na educação do arquiteto e urbanista

Costa, Fernando José de Medeiros
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
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In the teaching practice of architecture and urbanism in Brazil, educational legislation views modeling laboratories and workshops as an indispensable component of the infrastructure required for the good functioning of any architectural course of study. Although the development of information technology at the international level has created new possibilities for digital production of architectural models, research in this field being underway since the early 1990s, it is only from 2007 onwards that such technologies started to be incorporated into the teaching activity of architecture and urbanism in Brazil, through the pioneering experience at LAPAC/FEC/UNICAMP. It is therefore a recent experiment whose challenges can be highlighted through the following examples: (i) The implementation of digital prototyping laboratories in undergraduate courses of architecture and urbanism is still rare in Brazil; (ii) As a new developing field with few references and application to undergraduate programs, it is hard to define methodological procedures suitable for the pedagogical curricula already implemented or which have already been consolidated over the years; (iii) The new digital ways for producing tridimensional models are marked with specificities which make it difficult to fit them within the existing structures of model laboratories and workshops. Considering the above...

É ensinando que se aprende: um estudo sobre o ensino de projeto no Curso de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (CAU UFRN)

Rodriguez, Virginia Laise da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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You cannot teach architectonic design, but only learn it. This sentence was, during some decades, especially during the modernism, the starting point, adopted by several architectonic design professors, when they had to approach their subject. An attitude that, some years ago, was reviewed and fighted by area s experts. This paper join this criticism, and try to add something to the pre-existing discussion, analyzing with the case-study method all the subjects related with architectonic design of the Architecture and Urbanism degree, at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte CAU/UFRN . The aim is to identify and analyze the teaching methodologies used by the professors and their effects related to the students. To reach this purpose four different methods were used: i) Professors interviews; ii) Different forms submitted to students and professors; iii) Daily practice s observation, developed during classes; iv) Documents analysis about the degree (historical development and subjects) and about the subjects themselves (summaries, table of contents and planning). Studying the results, it was possible to underline that, in spite of the efforts of some of the professors to find a way to teach with more appropriate educational and pedagogic bases...

Inserção da informática nos cursos de Arquitetura e Urbanismo do Brasil (1994 2006): diagnósticos, rebatimentos e perspectivas nas Instituições Federais de Ensino Superior do Nordeste: UFRN, UFPB e UFPE

Carreiro, Patricia de Oliveira Dias Porto
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This work supports the formalist education s improvement of the Brazilian architect and urban designer through a better application and systematization of the computer science s teaching potentialities. The research analyzes the discipline introduction in the Brazilian courses: Computer Science Applied to Architecture and Urbanism (InfoAU) in the Architecture and Urbanism Courses of Brazil (CAUs). It goes since the discipline was obligated by the MEC s Regulation nr. 1.770 from 1994 until the CNE/CES Resolution nr. 6 from 2006; it comprehends the discipline implantation, development and current context, in order to get more detailed, the research analyses three federal universities from the Northeast of the country: UFRN, UFPB and UFPE. Once identified the historical educational needs in the CAUs, the study focus on the computer science s increasing potential as an agent of integration, communication, development and knowledge/data management. It points out new social perspectives for a better use of this tool/mechanism, which adequately structuralized and integrated, creates propitious educational and professional performance/recycling conditions and a propeller instrument of research and extension activities. Among this work, it is suggested the aggregation of elements...

Interface entre arquitetura bioclimática e decisões projetuais

Rangel, Pollyana de Faria
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This research has as its object study focus bioclimatic in architecture and its conection with projects decisions, on what regards to environmental comfort for single-family dwelling. From the analysis of five architectural projects inserted in Natal/RN, warm-moist weather, this research gather informations regarding architectural features guided by shape and space arrengement, which embody important elements for the project design development. Computer simulations assisted as foundation to verify the efficiency grade for these projects strategies from shading analysis. Related strategies for the demands of natural ventilation circulation and thermal mass for refrigeration were analysed as well. Results show that there is an hierarchizing of priorities for the decisions made when it comes to shape and space disposition variables, as well as the way these variables will consider the bioclimatic demands. The analysis, even, show that there is no single way to respond to specific bioclimatic demands, as it points out the value of examination of the projectual solutions throughtout the conception process, in order to achieve an efficient project performance for the envimonment comfort; Esse trabalho tem como objetivo estudar o enfoque bioclimático em arquitetura e sua relação com as decisões projetuais...

Bibliotecas digitais em Arquitetura e urbanismo: um estudo sobre a arquitetura da informação digital; Digital libraries in architecture and urbanism: a study on the architecture of digital information

Fantinel, Rosemary Gay
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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The goal of this paper was to search the state of the art from the Digital Libraries in Architecture and Urbanism in the Higher Education Institutions (IES) through conceptualizations and showing the importance of Digital Libraries in the disclosure and easing of information transferring. Questions about digital information architecture, usability, digital preservation and accessibility were approached. The research was made in the websites of Brazilian Universities, firstly to identify the institutions which offered the Architecture and Urbanism course, focusing on postgraduate education. After identifying the offering, the research was done by analyzing the contents, storage and dissemination and access to information, these libraries. It was found that the digital libraries are increasingly and taking part of organizations and educational institutions focusing on the knowledge dissemination releasing digitally information that may be needed for institution or the individual. A monitoring was done over of the physical and computational restructuring of the Board of Studies and Research in Architecture and Urbanism (Câmara de Estudos e Pesquisa em Arquitetura e Urbanismo, CEPAU), from the Architecture and Urbanism Course of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)...

Sobre projetos, palavras e imagens: relacionando textos e desenhos nos trabalhos finais de graduação em arquitetura e urbanismo

Macedo, Daniel Fernandes de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This research continues the current debate about the role of the images and the words in the architectural design persuasion, where we emphasize the increasing valuation of written documents (FORTY, 2004; MARKUS; CAMERON, 2002), the seduction for the graphical representation (DURAND, 2003) and the rhetorical effects of the graphical and textual resources (TOSTRUP, 1999). Based on these quarrels, we look for verify in the graduate final projects the relation between the design texts and images. From the PROJEDATA, database of the PROJETAR research group (UFRN), we selected the final projects of two brazilians universities, UFRN and USP, that in a first analysis, they had shown as ideal types of two distinct design presentation models, respectively: texts and drawings in separated documents, or combined in an only support. Based on Markus explanation about the function and the content of the texts, on the Durand perspective with regard to graphical representation uses and on Tostrup point of view concerning the rhetorical potential of texts and drawings, we analyze, in a set of 25 projects, how the students relate the textual and imagetical speeches. For this, we related the focus of each speech, in order to verify the possible coherence between both. We conclude that in the model of USP final project the coherence between the texts and the drawings is clearer than in the model adopted in UFRN; Esta pesquisa prossegue o debate atual sobre o papel das imagens e das palavras no convencimento do projeto arquitetônico...

Um olhar sobre a obra de Acácio Gil Borsoi obras e projetos residenciais 1953-1970

Silva, Izabel Fraga do Amaral e
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This essay studies the contribution of architect Acácio Gil Borsoi (1924-), who played an important role in the consolidation of Modern Architecture in the Northeast of Brazil. The universe analyzed is constituted of 48 residential projects, houses and apartment buildings, both built and unbuilt, dating from 1953 to 1970. Considering an analogy between architecture and language, the selected projects were analyzed focusing in the process of creation; Este trabalho estuda a contribuição do arquiteto Acácio Gil Borsoi (1924-), importante figura da consolidação da Arquitetura Moderna no Nordeste brasileiro. O universo analisado é constituído de 48 projetos residenciais, casas e edifícios de apartamentos, construídos ou não, abrangendo o período de 1953-1970. Levando em consideração a analogia entre arquitetura e linguagem buscou-se analisar os projetos selecionados com objetivo de estudar o processo de criação

A organização do processo de projeto de arquitetura no meio profissional: uma análise da produção em escritórios

Oliveira, Fabricio Amorim Miranda de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This paper examines, through case studies, the organization of the production process of architectural projects in architecture offices in the city of Natal, specifically in relation to building projects. The specifics of the design process in architecture, the production of the project in a professional field in Natal, are studied in light of theories of design and its production process. The survey, in its different phases, was conducted between March 2010 and September 2012 and aimed to identify, understand, and analyze comparatively, by mapping the design process, the organization of production of building projects in two offices in Natal, checking as well the relationships of their agents during the process. The project was based on desk research and exploration, adopting, for both, data collection tools such as forms, questionnaires, and interviews. With the specific aim of mapping the design process, we adopted a technique that allows obtaining the information directly from employee agents involved in the production process. The technique consisted of registering information by completing daily, during or at the end of the workday, an individual virtual agenda, in which all agent collaborators described the tasks performed. The data collected allowed for the identification of the organizational structure of the office...

Condomínios fechados: a produção habitacional contemporânea e a auto-exclusão dos ricos no espaço urbano de Natal RN (1995 2003)

Silva, Maria Floresia Pessoa de Souza e
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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The present work analyzes the fast evolution of gated communities in Natal-RN´s urban space. Characterized by the occupation of large areas, providing private security and utilities, this kind of real estate use arises a long list of questions and issues from society and scholars, due to privatization of urban space, bending of law constraints and the lack of an integrated planning of the cities where they are built. The reasons for its fast growth in Brazil s urban areas are analyzed, considering the impact on formal urban planning and municipal services and on the identification of urbanistic, architectural pattern and constraints, as well as legal, social and economic issues. This study is based on the detailed analysis of the first three units of gated communities built in the urban space in Natal, between 1995 and 2003, including their evolution throughout time and the specific social and economic reasons for its present widespread adoption in Brazilian real estate market and, particulary, in our city. The main objective of this piece of work is to answer the why s and how s these phenomena evolved, setting a basis for the definition of adequate public policies and regulation of this kind of urban land use; Este trabalho analisa a rápida evolução dos condomínios residenciais horizontais na cidade do Natal...

Modificações no ambiente sócio-físico entre 2005 e 2011: a percepção dos moradores de Itapuama, Cabo de Santo Agostinho-Pernambuco

César, José Antonio Gomes Albuquerque
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior; Em qualquer escala que sejam investigadas, as aglomerações humanas apresentam características sociais, ambientais, econômicas e políticas que traduzem a vivência das pessoas que nelas coexistem e/ou coexistiram. Tais características, ao mesmo tempo, constituem e são constituídas (por) atributos ecológicos que evidenciam o sistema integrado existente no local. Nesse sentido, a maior (ou menor) sustentabilidade de cada sistema pode ser entendida como um indicador dos tipos de relações pessoa-ambiente presentes naquele lugar, as quais, por sua vez, refletem modificações sociofísicas que ali acontecem, alterando não apenas o ambiente, mas o modo como os ocupantes percebem, processam informações e atuam sobre ele. Com base nesse entendimento geral, esta dissertação apresenta uma pesquisa realizada em Itapuama, Cabo de Santo Agostinho-Pernambuco, cujo objetivo principal foi avaliar a percepção ambiental de seus moradores sobre o local e com relação às mudanças ocasionadas pelo processo de instalação de um empreendimento com caráter habitacional e turístico na praia do Paiva (vizinha). Para tanto foi adotada uma abordagem multimetodológica, sendo utilizadas como instrumentos de pesquisa: entrevistas com foco na percepção dos participantes no passado...

Percepção ambiental do patrimônio cultural: estudo de caso na Cidade Alta e Ribeira em Natal-RN

Assunção, Gabriela de Andrade Lira Mota
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Contemporary studies have shown that the evolution of the heritage concepts is accompanied by an affirmation of the importance of social participation in recognizing heritage values and in managing cultural assets. We used the Brazilian context to emphasize the challenges for democratizing this process. This problematic is discussed based on the cases of Cidade Altaand Ribeira, neighborhoods that date from the formation of Natal-RNand have cultural assets recognized by levels of government. The study builds elements to answer the research question: what meanings and representations does the culturalheritage in the case study have for its users? The research method analyzes the representations and the meanings of the neighborhoods, firstly is based on historiographical studies, memories records of the city and on the process of heritage management. Secondly, it isbased on the field research, it is structured in environmental perception studies (areas of Environmental Psychology, Architecture and Urbanism) and has been applied with users with different bonds with the studied environment (residents, workers and visitors). The data were obtained with the multi-method which included direct observation, questionnaire survey and mentalmaps (that replicate Kevin Lynch). The analysis of result verified the research hypothesis...

Construir frondoso :uma herança esquecida?

Carmo Filho, Jairson Jairo do
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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This dissertation of master degree was presented to Post-Graduation Program in Architecture and Planning at UFRN, Brazil. It evaluates 45 one-family housings in the Metropolitan Area of Recife, whose architects consider them to be in conformity with the recommendations contained in Armando de Holanda's book: A Guide to build in the Brazilian Northeast: Architecture as a pleasant place in the sunny tropics , published in 1976 by UFPE. For a long time, it used to be reference in many Architecture and Planning Schools of the Northern Region of Brazil. The research s methodological procedures are based on the Post- Occupancy Evaluation (P.O.E.) with emphasis on the users' thermal comfort of the houses that make part of the sample. Therefore, it has been done technical analyses of the projects, when possible; interviews with the architects; building s inspections; and form applications to the users. The collected data analysis was based on the project recommendations of Holanda s book, they can be synthesized in the principle of Building Leafy". It can not be affirmed that all the houses present the recommendations contained in the guide, but, in many different ways, they exist, sometimes more intensely and sometimes more shyly. However...

Henri Lefebvre: possibilidades teórico-metodológicas para Arquitetura e urbanismo

Oliveira, Cinthia Soares de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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This paper presents the theoretical-methodological possibilities of the French philosopher and sociologist Henri Lefebvre, for the discipline of architecture and urbanism in an effort to overcome the fragmentation imposed by the institutionalization of science in general. From Du rural à l'urbain (Lefebvre, 1970) compilation, it brings the author's other works from the period between 1968 and 1974, indicating the conduits for reflection and their interrelationships with methods, types of analyses and other procedures to treat the space-time urban. The methodology involves a research on the author s 'today and yesterday' in the scientific field, a research and analysis of his procedures in highlight of philosophical, social, economic and political aspects, the historical context of his references and provides significant and possible elements for the study, research and extension in the area in question; Este trabalho apresenta possibilidades teórico metodológicas do filósofo e sociólogo francês, Henri Lefebvre, para a disciplina de arquitetura e urbanismo, no esforço de ultrapassar a fragmentação imposta pela institucionalização das ciências de modo geral. A partir da compilação Du rural à l urbain (LEFEBVRE, 1970), abrange outras obras do autor do período entre 1968 e 1974...

A Relação professor-aluno e a afirmação do discente como sujeito do processo projetual: um estudo exploratório sobre a produção do trabalho final de graduação em arquitetura e urbanismo na UFC e na UFRN

Marques, Ricardo Barros
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
175.95%
This work deals with teacher-student relationship (TSR), held in a very special moment: the semester of graduation of architecture and urbanism, where students prepare the final work called Graduation Final Work (GFW). That is the last stage to obtain the title of architect and urban planner in Brazil. The text discusses this problem in several ways, emphasing the relationship between graduated student and his/her mentors into the consolidation process of the student as an actor of the planning process, here defined as "autonomy". The work is focused on understanding the TSR in order to elucidate its importance for improvement of teaching bases on development of the GFW, more than the relation between curriculum and institution. Related with the exploratory characteristic of this master thesis, methodologically, the field work happened through: (i) observation of mentorship guidance, (ii) interviews, and (iii) application of questionnaires to teachers and students. Participated 10 pairs of student and mentors of two federal university of Northeast: 05 pairs of the Federal University of Ceará (UFC) and 05 pairs of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). The results presented the development of the GFW as a difficult process / fearful for students...