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Avaliação do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor em crianças na rede básica de saúde utilizando o teste de Denver II: identificação de fatores de risco materno

Cunha, Hilton Luiz da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Alterations in the neuropsychomotor development of children are not rare and can manifest themselves with varying intensity at different stages of their development. In this context, maternal risk factors may contribute to the appearance of these alterations. A number of studies have reported that neuropsychomotor development diagnosis is not an easy task, especially in the basic public health network. Diagnosis requires effective, low-cost, and easy - to-apply procedures. The Denver Developmental Screening Test, first published in 1967, is currently used in several countries. It has been revised and renamed as the Denver II Test and meets the aforementioned criteria. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to apply the Denver II Test in order to verify the prevalence of suspected neuropsychomotor development delay in children between the ages of 0 and 12 months and correlate it with the following maternal risk factors: family income, schooling, age at pregnancy, drug use during pregnancy, gestational age, gestational problems, type of delivery and the desire to have children. For data collection, performed during the first 6 months of 2004, a clinical assessment was made of 398 children selected by pediatricians and the nursing team of each public health unit. Later...

Efeito de preparações de produtos naturais (cravo da índia e tomate) e de um produto sintético na marcação de constituintes sangüineos com tecnécio-99m e na morfologia de hemácias isoladas de sangue de ratos wistar

Paoli, Severo de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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There are strong interests in the evaluation of the biological effects of natural and synthetic products. Blood constituents labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc) are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this work was to study the effects of Clove (Caryophyllus aromaticas L.) and OZE (preparation used in the Health Sciences) on the labeling blood constituents with 99mTc and on the morphologic red blood cells (RBC) and the action of an extract of tomato (TO) on the labeling of blood constituents Blood samples were incubated with clove or OZE or TO, stannous chloride and 99mTc. Plasma (P), blood cells (BC), insoluble fractions (IF) of plasma and blood cells were separated. The radioactivity was counted and percentage of radioactivity (%ATI) to each blood fraction was calculated. The shape and morphometric parameter (perimeter/area ratio) were evaluated in the studies with clove and OZE. Clove extract and OZE altered significantly (p<0.05) the %ATI of blood constituents and the shape of red blood cells. However, clove extract not altered the red blood cells perimeter/area ratio. The tomato extract used at the highest concentrations reduced significantly (p<0.05) the %ATI in IF-P, although this extract did not modify the radiolabeling on BC...

Prevalência de oclusopatias e caracteríticas cefalométricas e dentais de escolares cearense da cidade de Fortaleza

Martins, Maria da Glória Almeida
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The people of Ceará state are descended from miscegenation between the Portuguese colonizers and the native population, resulting in a different facial pattern from other populations. It is important that this pattern be thoroughly understood, along with its minimum and maximum values so that they can be assessed and respected, allowing professionals who deal with the craniofacial complex to work more efficiently and scientifically. Aim: To characterize the morphological pattern of individuals from Ceará state, whose father and grandfather are also native from Ceará, in the 10-12 year age group, not submitted to previous orthodontic treatment, in order to determine: 1) the prevalence of occlusal pattern; 2) the prevalence of dental anomalies (DA) and, 3) the skeletal and dental cephalometric characteristics of individuals that present with normal occlusion and harmonious facial pattern. Methodology: A list of 10-12 year-olds was obtained from 515 schools containing 162,713 students (Education Secretariat of Ceará State), from which 234 individuals were examined (107 boys and 157 girls). The assessment criteria adopted were: 1) Angle s Classification System to determine occlusal pattern. The occlusal characteristics were measured through overbite...

Corpo e Velhice: um estudo da qualidade de vida de idosos da Vila Vicentina Júlia Freire em João Pessoa; Body and old age: a study of the quality of life elderly residents at Vila Vicentina Julia in João Pessoa, Brazil

Pessoa, Stefania Cartaxo
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The aim of this study was to follow the daily routine of elderly individuals residing at the Vila Vicentina Júlia Freire (VVJF) nursing home in João Pessoa, Brazil, observing and analyzing as much as possible, the way in which they live in a group and how they deal, through personal experiences, with their own body image and with that of others. The results were obtained from information considered relevant, according to the perspectives of the residents themselves, contained in narratives of their history and related to their quality of life. Our interest lays in how they coped with changes in their bodies at old age and adapted to the challenges of this new phase. To obtain this information, with significant expressions, we used the Narrative Interview (NI) as a research tool in order to redeem their life experience and develop an understanding of their impressions about the life experience at the current nursing home. We selected, among the housed, ten subjects - actors - to appear as a sample of the group together. The design of our sample had a hybrid model, combining two types: random sample (probability) and an intentional sample (not probability). After recording transcripts and ensuring that all the subjects showed common interests that were relevant to the group...

Aborto em adolesecentes: Ato tão praticado e tão pouco conhecido

Correia, Divanise Suruagy
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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O aborto provocado na adolescência como problema de saúde pública, é tema deste estudo que teve como objetivo identificar os motivos que levam adolescentes a provocar o aborto. A multidisciplinariedade do Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, proporcionou o convívio com vários pesquisadores, bem como contribuiu para a coorientação e o crescimento deste estudo e da Pesquisadora com aquisição de conhecimentos diversificados e inovadores. Estudo transversal, quantitativo, analítico, usou questionário semi-estruturado como instrumento que foi aplicado em dez escolas. Trabalhou-se com jovens do sexo feminino, dos 12 aos 19 anos de idade. A amostra representativa foi calculada considerando-se o número de internações por curetagens na cidade de Maceió em 2004. O Banco de Dados foi analisado pelo programa Epi Info versão 3.3.2. Foram usados os testes Quiquadrado, Odds Ratio, Risco Relativo e Regressão Logística. A amostra foi de 2592 jovens, numa distribuição normal, com idade média e mediana de 15 anos, desvio padrão de 1,7. A maioria das jovens era solteira (95,7%), não trabalhava (94,1%), residia com ambos os pais (66,2%) e conhecia algum método contraceptivo (95...

Imagem corporal e fatores de risco em praticantes de caminhada da cidade do Natal-RN

Silva Filho, Lindomar da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.89%
Body image is the figure of our bodies built in our minds and the degree of dissatisfaction is often associated with risk factors identified by anthropometric measures. The purpose of this descriptive study was to evaluate the risk factors associated to morphological and functional variables associate to the perception of auto-image in middle-aged walkers of the south zone of the city of Natal. A hundred and thirty volunteers had been evaluated in four groups in function of the gender and age group. As measurement evaluations were used an auto-image perception questionnaire proposed by Stunkart of nine silhouettes numbered for both gender was applied; a weighing machine equipped with stadiometer for the body mass (kg) and stature (m) and the body mass index (kg/m2) that was calculated with base in measures of the body weight and stature and classified according to norms of the National Institute of Health (2000) as well as the systolic and diastolic blood pressure by a electronic digital device (DIGITRONIC). A metal anthropometric tape was used for the waist to hip ratio (WHR). It was used Analyses of variance (ANOVA) one-way, post hoc of Tukey and correlation of Spearman for the nonparametric data adopting the level of ρ≤ 0...

Violência institucional no âmbito da saúde reprodutiva : a percepção de mulheres usuárias do SUS, na cidade de Natal/RN

Melo, Carmen Oliveira Medeiros
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Institutional violence ranges from the most widespread lack of access to the poor quality of services provided. It includes abuses committed by virtue of the unequal power between patients and professionals within institutions. The aim of this study was to analyze the perception of women with regard to this type of violence, in the services offered at a reproductive health facility belonging to the National Health System (SUS) in Natal, Brazil. Interdisciplinary perspective is important, in that it provides interaction and complementarity between various disciplines, favoring, in an integrated way, a thematic approach in research activities, teaching and extension, involving professionals, students and researchers in medicine, social services, psychology, nursing, anthropology and physical therapy. A quantitative/qualitative approach was used, involving a sample of 401 women, as part of a transversal observational study. In the qualitative stage, which consisted of participatory observation and semi-structured interviews, we used an intentional sample of 10 individuals. The data were analyzed using logistic regression techniques, correspondence analysis and categorical thematic content analysis, showing that the 2 questions that investigated directly the perception of institutional violence obtained affirmative response frequencies of 28.2% and 31.8%...

Hemiparesia congênita e adquirida na criança: interrelação entre presença de crises epilépticas, os achados eletrencefalográficos e de neuroimagem por ressonância nuclear magnética

Silva, Ana Maria da Câmara
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.9%
The purpose of this paper was to study patients with congenital and acquired hemiparesis, their clinical aspects, the presence or not of epileptic seizures, and electroencephalographic (EEG) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings. We analyzed the interrelation between etiology, the presence and seriousness of epileptic seizures (ES) and the possible causes of refractoriness. This is a prospective study using the clinical diagnosis of a child neurologist, who attested to the presence of unilateral motor lesions. We compared the electroencephalographic findings in patients with or without epileptic seizures, and investigated if among the former, these seizures were controlled or not, their likely etiology and risks of refractoriness. EEG background activity on the lesion and contralateral side was analyzed, in addition to the presence of concomitant epileptiform activity. Encephalon MRIs of all the patients were studied to correlate etiology and the control or not of epileptic seizures. The disorganization of bilateral EEG activity correlated with the difficult-to-control epileptic seizures. Suitably organized background activity contralateral to the lesion is a good prognosis in relation to epileptic seizures. Focal epileptogenic activity does not necessarily predispose to epileptic manifestation. The MRI is more important in determining etiology than in prognosing epileptic seizures. This study used a multidisciplinary approach involving child neurologists...

Efeito antitrombótico de uma fucana não anticoagulante extraída da alga Spatoglossum Schröederi

Barroso, Edjane Maria de Azevedo
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Fucan is a term used to denominate a family of sulfated L-fucose-rich polysaccharides. The brown alga Spatoglossum schröederi (Dictyotaceae) has three heterofucans namely fucan A, B and C. The 21 kDa fucan A is composed of a core of β (1-3) glucuronic acid-containing oligosaccharide of 4.5 kDa with branches at C4 of fucose chains α (1-3) linked. The fucose is mostly substituted at C4 with a sulfate group and at C2 with chains of β (1-4) xylose. This fucan has neither anticoagulant (from from 0.1 to 100µg) nor hemorrhagic activities (from 50 to 800 µg/mL). The antithrombotic test in vivo showed the fucan A has no activity in any of the concentrations (from 0.2 to 20µg/g/day) tested 1h after polysaccharide administration. However, when fucan A was injected endovenously 24h before the ligature of the venae cavae, we observed a dose-dependent effect, reaching saturation at around 20g/g of rat weight. In addition, this effect is also time-dependent, reaching saturation around 16h after fucan administration. In addition, regardless of administration pathway, fucan A displayed antithrombotic action. The exception was the oral pathway. Of particular importance was the finding that fucan A stimulates the synthesis of an antithrombotic heparan sulfate from endothelial cells like heparin. The hypothesis has been raised that in vivo antithrombotic activity of fucan A is related to the increased production this heparan. Taken together with the fact that the compound is practically devoid of anticoagulant and hemorrhagic activity suggests that it may be an ideal antithrombotic agent in vivo; Fucanas é um termo utilizado para denominar a família de polissacarídeos sulfatados que apresentam em sua constituição α-L-fucose sulfatada. A alga marrom Spatoglossum schröederi da família Dictyotaceae...

Avaliação da terapia comunitária na atenção primária à saúde

Andrade, Fabia Barbosa de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.93%
A busca por um modelo democrático de saúde despertou a atenção do governo brasileiro para o estabelecimento de prioridades e estratégias, que impulsionaram a implantação do Programa de Saúde da Família (PSF), atualmente denominada Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF), a fim de aproximar a equipe de saúde da comunidade e, assim, implementar ações de promoção da saúde e de prevenção do adoecimento. Nessa perspectiva a Terapia Comunitária (TC) emerge como uma tecnologia de cuidado voltada à saúde mental na Atenção Básica de Saúde. Desde 2007, a TC vem sendo desenvolvida no município de João Pessoa/PB por profissionais da ESF: enfermeiras, agentes comunitários de saúde, médicos, odontólogos, fisioterapeutas, nutricionistas, psicólogos, entre outros. O estudo teve como objetivos: avaliar a satisfação dos usuários em relação à TC na Atenção Básica no município de João Pessoa/PB; medir o nível de satisfação dos participantes da TC em relação a essa ferramenta do cuidado; identificar elementos importantes para a satisfação em relação à TC por parte dos usuários. Trata-se de um estudo avaliativo, transversal e observacional, realizado no período de maio a agosto de 2009. Utilizou-se como instrumento de coleta de dados a Escala de Avaliação da Satisfação dos Usuários com os Serviços de Saúde Mental Satis-BR...

Avaliação do conhecimento e de habilidades clínicas em saúde sexual e reprodutiva na graduação de medicina

Medeiros, Robinson Dias de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.92%
No Brasil, a despeito das conquistas obtidas a partir da implantação do Sistema Único de Saúde e dos avanços legais e institucionais na atenção a diversos problemas relacionados ao gênero, a incorporação de temas relacionados aos direitos humanos, sexuais e reprodutivos no contexto da formação profissional em saúde permanece deficiente. Este trabalho teve como objetivos avaliar a inserção da temática saúde sexual e reprodutiva no currículo do curso de graduação em Medicina, por meio do emprego de avaliações de conteúdo cognitivo, procedimental e atitudinal. Trata-se de estudo de intervenção educacional envolvendo alunos do internato do curso de Medicina da UFRN. Foram utilizados os seguintes métodos avaliativos: prova escrita, exame clínico objetivo estruturado (OSCE) e Mini-CEX. Como variáveis explicativas foram consideradas o sexo, idade e participação prévia no componente curricular optativo Saúde Reprodutiva . A avaliação do processo constou da aplicação de questionários de satisfação e entrevistas acerca dos métodos avaliativos utilizados. Considerando os três métodos avaliativos empregados, 183 estudantes participaram do estudo, com média de idade de 24,5 ± 2,2 anos, sendo 52,5% do sexo masculino e 47...

Associação da frequência alélica dos polimorfismos dos genes do sistema renina angiotensina com a força muscular e pressão arterial de idosas

Oliveira, Hildeamo Bonifácio
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.89%
Physiological changes induced by the aging process is dynamic and progressive, reducing the adaptability and independence of older people and may be influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Thus the aim of this thesis was to investigate the association between polymorphism of the ACE gene ID and the phenotypes of muscular strength and blood pressure of 62 elderly Brazilian (67.35 ± 5.66 years) during a 16-week program of supervised training. The elderly women were stratified by age, with the group 1 (G1, n = 34) <70 years and group 2 (G2 n = 28) ≥ 70 years, and in three groups by ACE, ACE-II (n = 8) ACE- DD (n = 35) and ACE-ID (n = 19). The level of muscle strength was evaluated by the method of maximum repetitions and measures of blood pressure (BP) were measured before and after training (PAPré1 and PAPós1) and before and after each training session (PAPre2 and PAPós2), in place of training. DNA samples were isolated from peripheral blood leukocytes polymorphism and insertion / deletion (ID) of the ACE gene (rs1800795) was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) plus PCR-confirmatory. The genotype distribution of the polymorphism ID attended the prerogatives of Hardy-Weitíherg. There was variation in power levels before and after training and the age between groups (t-test) and the ACE polymorphism (ANOVA) (p <0.05). Depending on the results it was concluded that resistance training helps to reduce SBP and increased muscle strength of upper and lower limbs when considering the age and ACE polymorphism. In this study the Elderly carriers of the D allele were more reactive to changes in BP resistance training. This study was multidisciplinary project involving researchers in the areas Medical...

Pensando o estatuto do idoso no âmbito da saúde: uma reflexão à prática da cidadania

Moreira, Rodrigo Silva Paredes
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.9%
Um envelhecer saudável compreende fundamentalmente, o atendimento de necessidades que vão além da manutenção de um bom estado de saúde física. Faz-se necessário valorizar o idoso como pessoa socialmente útil, favorecendo, direta e indiretamente, o idoso, a família e comunidade para o alcance de um estilo de vida desejável. Pautando-se nessas reflexões, a partir da importância de um estudo em que se procure avaliar até que ponto, segmentos da sociedade e o próprio idoso, conhecem os direitos deste, e com isto, procurar pontuar conceitos de cidadania, vinculando os idosos a essas práticas, tendo como ponto de partida neste estudo, a saúde, como prática muito questionada no cotidiano. Este estudo, portanto, tem como objetivo verificar o conhecimento de estudantes universitários sobre os direitos do idoso no que se refere à saúde, contemplados no Estatuto do Idoso e explorar os direitos do idoso no âmbito da saúde na concepção de estudantes universitários. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório descritivo, numa abordagem qualitativa, centrando-se na análise dos aspectos legais (jurídicos) sobre o conhecimento dos direitos do idoso no âmbito da saúde pelos estudantes e sua implicação na prática da cidadania. O estudo foi realizado na cidade de João Pessoa - Pb...

A saúde mental em cursos de graduação na área da saúde em Goiânia/GO interfaces com a Reforma Psiquiátrica e as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais; Mental health in undergraduate health courses in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil its interface with Psychiatric Reform and National Curriculum Guidelines

CARNEIRO, Larissa Arbués
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.91%
Dissertation Thesis consisting of two steps each article format. The first, a bibliographic search, sought to understand the scientific literature in national periodicals on the teaching of mental health in undergraduate in health courses. The consultation was held in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) for publications between April 2001 to December 2009, twenty-six articles were the corpus of the study and their data were identified through a protocol. The results indicate that were more frequent papers published in 2005, authorship of nursing and studies of reporting experience type. The reports have revealed a trend of changes in educational practices. Despite the strong influence of biomedical model focusing psychopathologic, currently converge the theoretical framework of Collective Health and Psychiatric Reform, as well as the diversification of practice scenarios and development of communication and relationship skills in students, themes been underwritten by axis of interdisciplinarity and by humanizing, de-institutionalisation and subjectivity and rights of citizenship. Before this movement for change, the second step of the search sought to describe the insertion of the theme in local context, for both were investigated mental health disciplines in Nursing...

Encontro do Paciente surdo que usa língua de sinais com os profissionais da saúde; Meeting Patient deaf using sign language with health professionals

CHAVEIRO, Neuma
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.9%
This dissertation was built in the modality scientific article and it has three articles: the first and second ones of systematic revision of literature about the theme of the study and the third article consist of the experimental part of the dissertation. The first article, accepted in Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, has as title Literature Revision about the attendance of the deaf patient by health professionals, with emphasis on the communication between deaf patient and health professional. In the second one, accepted to publish in Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia and entitled Relation between deaf patient and the doctor, the legal and sociocultural aspects of the relation between deaf patient and the doctor were presented. The third article, submitted to Revista de Saúde Pública, with the title Meeting of deaf patient who uses sign language with health professionals, has as content the object of this dissertation and has as purpose to evaluate the meeting of the deaf patient who use sign language with health. It was developed in a qualitative approach, of descriptive-analytical nature. Eleven deaf people, who use the Brazilian Sign Language to communicate, including 8 males and 3 females, with ages between 19 and 36 years old...

Prevalência de fatores de risco cardiovasclar em idosos usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde em Goiânia-GO; Prevalence of risk factors in elderly cardiovasclar users of the Unified Health System in Goiânia-GO

FERREIRA, Carla Cristina da Conceição
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.89%
Introduction: cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) are highly prevalent in and have an impact on elderly people s morbidity and mortality which is still unknown among elderly users of the National Health System (SUS). Objective: to investigate the prevalence of CVRFs in elderly basic care users in the Goiânia, Goiás SUS. Methodology: a cross-sectional study with multi-stage sampling; a household survey of 418 people over 60 years old who were SUS basic care users in Goiânia. Socio-economic, demographic, lifestyle, weight, height, waist circumference, blood pressure and medication use data were collected. The CVRFs under investigation were arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, total obesity, central obesity, dyslipedemias, smoking, sedentarism and alcohol consumption. The Chi-square test was used to analyze associations at a 5% level of significance. Results: the prevalences for CVRFs were 80.4% for arterial hypertension, 83.3% for central obesity, 59.8% for sedentarism, 32.2% for total obesity, 23.4% for dyslipidemias, 19.1% for diabetes mellitus, 10.0% for smoking and 5.9% for alcohol consumption. As far simultaneity is concerned, 2.4% of the elderly did not present any CVRFs. The simultaneity of three or more CVRFs occurred in 65% of the elderly people in the study and was more frequent among women. Conclusion: the CVRFs occurred simultaneously in more than half of the elderly under study. The most prevalent CVRFs were arterial hypertension...

Análise da atenção básica à saúde do idoso na estratégia saúde da família; Analysis of primary care health of elderly in family health strategy

ARAÚJO, Maria Aparecida da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.88%
The study focused on the health care of the elderly, more specifically in Family health strategy as a way of thinking about alternatives that allow the reorganization of elderly care to adscritas areas. Processorsthe General was discussing the basic attention actions offered to the elderly in context family health strategy. Search descriptive exploratory in nature,- qualitative basic performed with professionals that comprise health team family doctors, nurses, technicians, nurses and community agents health in the municipality of Aparecida de Goiânia, goaiz. For data collection were the focal group technique and the data were analysed in categories as Bardin. The results suggest that prospects strengthen the professional aspects in family health care to the elderly, while showing some limitations of the elderly in the team. The team's contribution family health was significant health care of the elderly be reconsidered by professionals and managers for the operationalization of education These professional standing. It was concluded that the multidisciplinary actions are present in health promotion, both in the basic unit in address through talks, walks, assistance activities Prevention and control of diseases, although realize difficulties operacionalizá them. The insertion of the elderly in some family health teams occurs through attractive activities forming your social network participation activities outside of the health unit...

Qualidade de vida de quem cuida de portadores de demência com Corpos de Lewy; Quality of life of caregivers of people with dementia with Lewy bodies

NASCIMENTO, Eberson da Silva Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.89%
Dementia is a neurodegenerative syndrome by impressive and also by the high occurrence rates of morbidity in caregivers. Dementia with Lewy bodies is a complex neuropsychiatric frame member, considered the second cause of degenerative dementia in the elderly, and resulting impact on quality of life in caregivers. The objectives of this study were to identify in the literature, the impact of caregiving on the quality of life for caregivers of a patient with dementia to describe the strategies used by health professionals and researchers in Brazil or to mitigate the negative impacts of caring for the patient dementia and assessing quality of life for families living with and caring for patients with dementia with Lewy bodies. It was initially performed an integrative review the electronic databases of the National Library of Medicine (PubMed) and Latin American Health Sciences (LILACS), the interval from 1999 to 2010. Then a cross-sectional study evaluated 90 caregivers of patients with dementia with Lewy bodies, responding to a sociodemographic questionnaire and the instrument for assessing the quality of life, WHOQOL-BREF. The integrative review included 19 articles, showing that despite high rates of stress, anxiety and physical and mental burden of home caregivers of patients with dementia...

Determinação da idade dental de crianças brasileiras nordestinas: novos valores de conversão de maturidade dental para população específica

Maia, Maria Cristina Germano
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.89%
Since Demirjian's system of estimating dental maturity was first described, many researchers from different countries have tested its accuracy among diverse populations. Some of these studies have pointed out a need to determine population-specific standards. In Brazil, the Northeast region is the one that most suffers the negative impact of exodus, specially related to the increase of abandoned children in the cities. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of Demirjian's system for assessing the dental maturity of northeastern Brazilian children, so as to present a scale for maturity score conversion into dental age developed specifically for this population. This could be used for forensic, anthropological and legal matters, and also as a model for other countries attempting to formulate their own conversion scales. Panoramic radiographs of 1,491 children (821 females and 670 males), aged 7 to 13 years, from Ceará state, northeast Brazil, were assessed by a single observer to determine dental age (DA) according to Demirjian's system. The mean percentage of intra-observer agreement was 86.6%, with a mean Cohen's Kappa coefficient of 0.67 (substantial agreement). The DA was compared by paired t-test to subjects' chronological age (CA). The differences between CA and DA in all age groups were statistically significant (p<0.0001)...

Terapia ocupacional em ação interdisciplinar: jogos educativo-nutricionais na prevenção da obesidade infantil

Munguba, Marilene Calderaro da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
125.89%
The inter-subjectivity is the answer in the search for the solution of complex problems, which concerns interfaces of knowledge, respecting their borders. This paradigm is essential in the author's work. So, the search on screen is based on this perspective, by using inter-subject groups of work conduced by professionals of Computer Science, Social Communication, Architecture and Urbanism, Pedagogy, Psicopegagogy, Nutritional Science, Endocrinology, Occupational Therapy and Nursing, it was also part of this group an 8 year old child, daughter of one of the professional who took part of the group. This thesis aims to present the course of investigation developed, analyzing the action of inter-subject Occupational Therapy and Nutrition on the promotion of learning nutritional concepts through educative-nutritional games in order to prevent child's obesity in an educative context. The research was analytic, interventionist and almost experimental. It took place in a public school in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, between August and December 2004. It was selected a sample non-probabilistic, by convenience, of 200 children, born from 1994 to 1996. It was selected almost nonprobabilistically, by convenience, 200 children born between 1994 and 1996. To analyze the results it was used a triangulation...