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O uso de fontes limpas de energia na indústria paulista: um estudo envolvendo a técnica do incidente crítico e a análise conjunta; The use of clean energy resources in the São Paulo state industry: a study involving the critical incident technique and conjoint analysis

Camioto, Flávia de Castro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/06/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
O presente trabalho tem o objetivo de identificar fatores intervenientes na adoção de energias limpas nos principais setores industriais do Estado de São Paulo. Para tanto, apresenta a fundamentação teórica sobre os diversos temas pertinentes a pesquisa, tais como: o atual cenário energético brasileiro e o desenvolvimento sustentável, bem como o estudo dos métodos aplicados. A análise dos dados realizada teve caráter qualitativo e quantitativo, por meio, respectivamente, da Técnica do Incidente Crítico e da Análise Conjunta. A aplicação da Técnica do Incidente Crítico forneceu os atributos que as empresas consideram importantes no processo de escolha. Já a Análise Conjunta, técnica estatística multivariada de análise de dados, foi utilizada para determinar a utilidade e importância relativa dos atributos relevantes na escolha das empresas. Com os resultados da pesquisa acredita-se que as empresas usuárias e não usuárias de energias limpas poderão ter conhecimentos sobre a opinião de seus pares com relação às vantagens e desvantagens do uso destes energéticos nos processos produtivos, assim como ao governo estabelecer estratégias adequadas para orientar e estimular a adoção de energias que promovem baixo impacto ao meio ambiente.; The scope of the present work is to identify intervening factors in the adoption of clean energy resources in the main industrial sectors of the São Paulo state. In order to perform such evaluation...

Promoting Clean Energy in the American Power Sector

Aldy, Joseph Edgar
Fonte: Brookings Institution Publicador: Brookings Institution
Tipo: Research Paper or Report
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
Despite bipartisan interest in advancing American energy policy, comprehensive energy and climate legislation fell short in the Senate last year after passing in the House of Representatives in 2009. The difficulty of coming to broad agreement highlights the need for a more targeted and incremental approach. One promising intermediate step would be a technology-neutral national clean energy standard that applies to the U.S. power sector. This paper proposes a standard that would lower carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 60 percent relative to 2005 levels over twenty years, streamline the fragmented regulatory system that is currently in place, generate fiscal benefits, and help fund energy innovation. Through a simple design and transparent implementation, the National Clean Energy Standard would provide certainty about the economic returns to clean energy that would facilitate investment in new energy projects and lower the emission intensity of the power sector. It would also serve as an ambitious bridge to economy-wide energy and climate policy.

A Preliminary Review of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s Clean Energy Package

Aldy, Joseph Edgar
Fonte: John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University Publicador: John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
Tipo: Research Paper or Report
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.27%
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act included more than $90 billion in strategic clean energy investments intended to promote job creation and promote deployment of low-carbon technologies. In terms of spending, the clean energy package has been described as the nation’s “biggest energy bill in history.” To provide a preliminary assessment of the Recovery Act’s clean energy package, this paper reviews the rationale, design, and implementation of the act. The paper surveys the policy principles for clean energy stimulus and describes the process of crafting the clean energy package during the 2008-2009 Presidential Transition. Then, the paper reviews the initial employment, economic activity, and energy outcomes associated with these energy investments and provides a more detailed case study on the Recovery Act’s support for renewable power through grants and loan guarantees. The paper concludes with lessons learned.

Willingness to Pay and Political Support for a U.S. National Clean Energy Standard

Aldy, Joseph Edgar; Kotchen, Matthew J; Leiserowitz, Anthony A
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
In 2010 and 2011, Republicans and Democrats proposed mandating clean power generation in the electricity sector. To evaluate public support for a national clean energy standard (NCES), we conducted a nationally representative survey that included randomized treatments on the sources of eligible power generation and program costs. We find that the average American is willing to pay $162 per year in higher electricity bills (95% confidence interval: $128-$260), representing a 13% increase [4], in support of a NCES that requires 80% clean energy by 2035. Support for a NCES is lower among non-whites, older individuals, and Republicans. We also employ our statistical model, along with census data for each state and Congressional district [5], to simulate voting behavior on a NCES by Members of Congress assuming they vote consistent with the preferences of their median voter. We estimate that Senate passage of a NCES would require an average household cost below $59 per year, while House passage would require costs below $48 per year. The results imply that an “80% by 2035” NCES could pass both chambers of Congress if it increases electricity rates less than 5% on average.

Assessing the Investment Climate for Climate Investments : A Comparative Framework for Clean Energy Investments in South Asia in a Global Context

Mani, Muthukumara S.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
One of the strong messages that came out of the recent United Nations Climate Change conference in Durban was that the private sector has to play an important role if we are to globally move toward a low carbon, climate resilient -- or "climate compatible" -- future. However, private investment will only flow at the scale and pace necessary if it is supported by clear, credible, and long-term policy frameworks that shift the risk-reward balance in favor of less carbon-intensive investment. The private sector also needs information on where to invest in clean energy in emerging markets, and it needs policy support to lower investment risk. Barriers to low carbon investments often include unclear and inconsistent energy policies, monopoly structures for existing producers, stronger incentives for conventional energy than clean energy, and a domestic financial sector not experienced in new technologies. With the long-term goal of promoting and accelerating the implementation of climate mitigation technologies...

A Strategy for Coal Bed Methane and Coal Mine Methane Development and Utilization in China

Energy Sector Management Assistance Program
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
China is short of clean energy, particularly conventional natural gas. The proven per capital natural gas reserve is only 1/12th of the world average. However, China has large coal bed methane (CBM) resources with development potential which can be recovered from surface boreholes independent of mining and in advance of mining, and also captured as a part of underground coal mining operations. However, in order to meet its targets, the government must improve the administrative framework for CBM resource management, introduce more effective CBM or coal mine methane (CMM) development incentives, raise the technical capacity of the mining sector, expand gas pipeline infrastructure and promote gas markets in coal mining areas. In order to significantly reduce methane emission from coal mines and better exploit the gas recoverable from coal seams, the government should introduce measures to: strengthen the CBM/CMM policy, legal and regulatory framework to improve resource management; improve CMM availability and quality so more can be utilized; enhance incentives to promote expansion of CBM/CMM exploitation and destruction of surplus drained CMM; and Promote development of regional development strategies to take advantage of specific local advantages.

Unlocking Commercial Financing for Clean Energy in East Asia

Wang, Xiaodong; Stern, Richard; Limaye, Dilip; Mostert, Wolfgang; Zhang, Yabei
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Overwhelming evidence indicates that climate change, caused in large part by human activities, is already adversely impacting all people, with the very real prospect of worse to come. Nevertheless, a global treaty to curb carbon emissions remains elusive. In East Asia, all middle-income countries have set national targets for energy efficiency and renewable energy, and some even have targets for carbon reduction. This report focuses on recent experiences in applying public financing instruments and tries to draw the lessons to date: when and how to use the instruments, which instrument to select, and how to design and implement them. The wide range of financial instruments designed to support and catalyze clean energy investment over the last decade is truly remarkable. Such instruments include credit lines and risk guarantees designed to increase both the capacity and confidence of commercial banks for clean energy lending; dedicated funds and concessional financing mechanisms to kick-start new technologies; mezzanine and equity financing targeted at start-ups; small and medium enterprises and energy service companies; and various consumer financing instruments designed to lower the upfront costs of clean energy equipment. This report systematically reviews the successes and failures of innovative interventions and distills the lessons of applying them. This report is organized in following four parts: part one gives overview; part two focuses on financing energy efficiency; part three focuses on financing renewable energy; and part four focuses on clean energy financing case studies.

Sustainable Energy for All 2013-2014 : Global Tracking Framework

World Bank; International Energy Agency
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.24%
In declaring 2012 the international year of sustainable energy for all, the United Nations (UN) general assembly (2011) established at the personal initiative of the UN secretary general- three global objectives to be accomplished by 2030. Those goals are to ensure universal access to modern energy services (including electricity and clean, modern cooking solutions), to double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency, and to double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. Some 70 countries have formally embraced the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative, while numerous corporations and agencies have pledged tens of billions of dollars to achieve its objectives. As 2012 drew to a close, the UN general assembly announced a decade of sustainable energy for all stretching from 2014 to 2024. Sustaining momentum for the achievement of the SE4ALL objectives will require a means of charting global progress over the years leading to 2030. Construction of the necessary framework has been coordinated by the World Bank and Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) and the International Energy Agency (IEA)...

Public Support for the Financing of RD&D Activities in New Clean Energy Technologies

OLMOS, Luis; RÜSTER, Sophie; LIONG, Siok Jen; GLACHANT, Jean-Michel
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
Several market failures, as well as other technical, economic and regulatory barriers to the market penetration of clean energy technologies result in under-investment of private innovators in RD&D. Therefore, public support is needed in order to induce innovations. Policy tools creating market conditions that are attractive for the exploitation of clean technologies (market pull) must be combined with other tools directly supporting the development of these technologies through the provision of public funds (technology push). Thereby, financing policy instruments should be chosen so that their characteristics match with those of the specific innovation process being targeted at the same time that social welfare is maximized. We develop an analytical framework to define the form of public support and to provide recommendations on the optimal choice of both technology push and market pull instruments.; Florence School of Regulation

Winds of Change : East Asia's Sustainable Energy Future

Wang, Xiaodong; Berrah, Noureddine; Mathur, Subodh; Vinuya, Ferdinand
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
This report demonstrates that a "climate-smart" energy strategy is possible for countries in the East Asia region, with support from the international community. In the past three decades, the East Asia region has experienced the fastest economic growth in the world, accompanied by rapid urbanization. As a consequence, energy consumption has more than tripled and is expected to further double over the next two decades. This remarkable growth and rapid urbanization have led to twin energy challenges in the region: improving environmental sustainability and enhancing energy security. The region has many of the world's most polluted cities, resulting from fossil fuel combustion. The region also contains some of the largest greenhouse gas emitters in the world, although their per capita and historical emissions are much below the levels of industrialized countries. Concerns with energy security have grown because of increased risks of price volatility and possible disruptions in supplies for oil and gas. To move the region to a sustainable energy path...

Clean Energy for Development Investment Framework : Progress Report on the World Bank Group Action Plan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
During the 2007 spring meetings, the development committee endorsed the World Bank Group's action plan on the Clean Energy Investment Framework (CEIF). This progress report is a response to the committee's request for an update on the implementation of the action plan for the annual meetings in October 2007. It summarizes accomplishments in the three areas of the action plan: 1) energy for growth, with a particular emphasis on access to energy in Sub-Saharan Africa; 2) transition to a low-carbon development trajectory; and 3) adaptation to the impacts of climate change. This report also outlines an approach to scaling up actions on climate change and provides a review of options to further reduce the financial barriers to support low-carbon and adaptive growth in developing countries. This Progress Report provides an update on the implementation of the CEIF action plan.

Accelerating Clean Energy Technology Research, Development, and Deployment : Lessons from Non-Energy Sectors

Avato, Patrick; Coony, Jonathan
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
The World Bank Group's clean energy for development investment framework action plan has outlined some of the key activities it intends to undertake in the area of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and helping client countries adapt to changes in climate. One of these activities focuses on an analysis of the role of low-carbon energy technologies in climate change mitigation. This report provides an initial analysis of this issue. The second chapter describes the urgency of developing new low-carbon energy technologies based on a review of some of the most authoritative recent reports on climate change. Strong evidence demonstrates the need for new and improved energy technologies, but, as is described in the third chapter, current research, development, and deployment (RD&D) efforts worldwide appear too limited and slow-paced to generate new energy technologies rapidly enough to respond to the climate change crisis. Moreover, significant barriers are limiting incentives to invest in energy RD&D and may reduce the effectiveness of such investments. These barriers are discussed in the fourth chapter. In light of these barriers and the very limited success of past attempts to overcome them...

Initiating the Bank's Peri-Urban/Rural and Renewable Energy Activities in Nigeria

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
The workshop entitled, Initiating the Bank's Peri Urban / Rural and Renewable Energy Activities in Nigeria was divided in two parts. Part 1, Energizing rural energy transformation by : scaling up electricity access and renewable energy market development; and part 2, Creating demand and removing barriers to renewable energy market development. The workshop organizers placed great emphasis on promoting participation and dialog across Nigeria's energy sector. Delegates were major stakeholders in the rural electrification arena. This document lists the proceedings, and includes the presentations by participants of the overall workshop. The workshop concluded by identifying the following areas for action : accelerate the process of formulating Nigeria's overall vision for scaling up electricity access from renewable energy sources in underserved areas in a rapid and sustainable manner; identify key principles for framing the policy platform and institutional framework required for mounting a large-scale clean energy program; formulate a strategy for developing renewable and clean energy resources in a cost effective manner...

Sustainable Energy in China : The Closing Window of Opportunity

Berrah, Noureddine; Feng, Fei; Priddle, Roland; Wang, Leiping
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
This report proposes the development of a coordinated and comprehensive national policy within the Energy Law that is presently under preparation based on four foundational themes: reducing energy growth below economic growth, making better use of national energy resources, safeguarding the environment, and making the energy system robust to withstand potential disruptions. It stresses that the policy measures and program to achieve sustainability will have to be the subject of careful consultation within government and extend to mobilizing China's civil society. The scope of and potential for fruitful international cooperation is also explored, but the detail must be worked out in a cooperative framework. The main body of the report is arranged in six chapters. The first examines what the projections say about the future of China's energy consumption and concludes that urgent action is needed to avoid locking the country into an unsustainable energy development path. Chapter two evaluates end-use efficiency and finds that a less energy-intensive path can be founded on the most advanced technologies. The third chapter examines the damaging environmental impacts of the huge prospective energy growth...

Tecnologia de geração de energia limpa a serviço da promoção da saúde; Technology of clean energy to health promotion

Kastrup, Luiz Felipe de Camargo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
A falta de acesso à energia elétrica e a todos os benefícios que ela pode trazer levou à elaboração desta pesquisa, tendo como foco principal o atendimento às necessidades básicas de saúde. Para a presente pesquisa estudou-se: o acesso à saúde no Brasil; a seleção de um município como piloto, em um estado brasileiro com baixo IDH (índice de Desenvolvimento Humano), precário atendimento básico à saúde e sem eletrificação rural; oss sistemas de geração de energia elétrica no Brasil, com destaque para os sistemas de geração distribuída; as tecnologias disponíveis no Brasil, para geração de energia elétrica distribuída e limpa; a definição de uma UBS (Unidade Básica de Saúde), quanto a compartimentos, equipamentos, consumo energético, baixa manutenção e facilidade na construção. Foi dimensionada uma Unidade Básica de Saúde, que atendesse a este município, resultando em um projeto de UBS e de um sistema de geração de energia para atender às suas demandas. Desenvolveu-se então um sistema de geração de energia elétrica distribuída e limpa, para a UBS, através da integração de painéis fotovoltaicos com célula a combustível que utiliza hidrogênio, e para a produção do hidrogênio...

Desarrollo de una Tecnología Aplicada a la Obtención de Biogás a Partir de la Digestión Anaerobia de Microalgas

Clean Energy Esb Sa; MARCELO UBILLA R (CORFO V REGION)
Fonte: Corporação de Fomento da Produção Publicador: Corporação de Fomento da Produção
Tipo: proyecto
Publicado em 14/01/2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Actualmente Chile Presenta la Necesidad de Contar con Recursos Energéticos Sustentables Suficientes y Competitivos para Avanzar hacia un Desarrollo Sustentable desde el Punto de Vista Ambiental. Hoy el País Cuenta con una Capacidad Instalada de Aproximadamente 17 Mil Mw: 74% en el Sistema Interconectado Central (sic), 25% en el Sistema Interconectado Norte Grande (sing) y Menos del 1% en los Sistemas Medianos de las Regiones de Aysén y Magallanes. Tomando en Cuenta la Tendencia de Crecimiento Económico al Año 2020 se Proyecta un Aumento Importante en el Consumo Eléctrico. Ello Representa el Desafío de Incorporar 8 Mil Mw de Capacidad Instalada a nuestro Sistema (ministerio de Energía 2012). Si Bien Es Indudable que el País Requiere Más Energía Necesita que Éstas Sean Limpias y Renovables sin Embargo Muchas de ellas Requieren de I + D y de un Apoyo Suficiente para Permitir que su Participación en la Matriz Energética Supere el 3% que Poseen Actualmente. Por Otro Lado Es Indispensable Profundizar la Acción en la Contención de Emisiones de Co2 y Otros Gases Contaminantes Generados de la Actividad de Generación Eléctrica e Industrial a Partir del Uso de Combustibles Fósiles Como el Carbón y el Gas a Fin de Mitigar la Influencia de la Economía Global en el Precio de la Energía Nacional y en la Producción de Bienes y Servicios. Una Forma Natural de Combatir los Efectos Adversos del Co2 lo Realizan las Plantas Macroalgas y Microalgas que Realizan Fotosíntesis y Capturan el Co2 Atmosférico Convirtiéndolo Como Producto de su Metabolismo en su Fuente de Energía y Liberando a su Vez Oxígeno Elemento Indispensable para que se Desarrolle la Vida. Ante este Escenario Clean Energy se ha Desarrollado Como una Empresa de Base Tecnológica que se ha Dedicado Más de 4 Años a Realizar I+d en el Cultivo y Manejo de Microalgas cuyo Propósito Inicial Es que su Desarrollo Tecnológico Sea una Solución Ambiental que Permita Disminuir las Emisiones Gaseosas Contaminantes Producidas por Fuentes Fijas de Emisión Como lo Son las Termoeléctricas Cementeras entre Otras Contribuyendo a Aminorar los Efectos Negativos Provocados por el Cambio Climático. Junto con Esta Tecnología ha Logrado Producir una Gran Cantidad de Biomasa Microalgal con la cual ha Realizando Diversos Estudios que Permiten Dilucidar cual Es la Mejor Estrategia de Uso de Esta Biomasa. Al Respecto Surge la Idea de Generar Biocombustibles y entre ellos el Biogás Estrategia que se ha Presentado Como una de las Alternativas Más Accesibles para Reutilizar este Subproducto mediante la Tecnología de Digestión Anaerobia Producto que Vendría a Aumentar y Contribuir con la Participación de Ernc en la Matriz Energética de nuestro País. Al Respecto Existe Evidencia Científica de Monocultivos de Chlorella Previamente Procesados para la Extracción de la Fracción Lipídica que Arrojan Potenciales de Obtención de Metano que Oscilan entre los 222 y 267 Ml de Metano/g de Sólidos Totales de Residuos de Microalgas lo cual Es Muy Prometedor para este Tipo de Tecnología. En Base a lo Anteriormente Descrito y Considerando que Clean Energy Llevó a Cabo un Proyecto Cofinanciado por Corfo de Rápida Implementación Proyecto Código 10 Ieri-9083 Denominado desarrollo de un Sistema Biológico Integrado de Captación de Gases de Efecto Invernadero Donde se Evaluó Justamente el Potencial de Metanización Presente en la Microalga Generada durante este Proceso se Logro Determinar a Nivel de Laboratorio que el Potencial de Metanización Presente Es de 02 Ml/g de Biomasa. Al Respecto se Debe Señalar que el Estudio Desarrollado se Realizó sobre una Muestra de Microalga Completamente Seca sin Extracción de Lípidos Ni de Excedentes de Sales Provenientes del Medio de Cultivo. Al Respecto se Concluye que el bajo Potencial Presentado por las Microalgas Cultivadas por Clean Energy y en Relación a la Evidencia Científica que Indica que Monocultivos de Clorella Procesadas Presentan Potenciales de Metanización que Oscilan entre 222 y 267 Ml de Metano/g de Sólidos Totales Es que Clean Energy ha Desarrollado la Presente Propuesta Dado que se Hace Necesario Evaluar la Factibilidad de Obtención de Biogás a Partir de Biomasa Microalgal Utilizando Estrategias de Cultivo que Potencien a este Subproducto. Se Debe Destacar que Clean Energy ha Logrado Generar una Tecnología de Cultivo de Microalgas que Tiene una Productividad de 280 Ton de Biomasa/há*año la cual se ha Validado Como una Tecnología Sustentable desde el Punto de Vista Técnico-económico Social y Ambiental Considerando la Venta de Bonos de Carbono y Producción de Biodiesel y Biogás Evaluación que ha Sido Realizada con el Potencial de Metanización Logrado a Nivel de Laboratorio. Por Tanto Si la Tecnología Es Factible Técnica y Económicamente con el Indicador de Metanización Antes Descrito una Optimización de este Parámetro Traería Consigo un Mayor Impacto Económico en la Empresa y Mayor Productividad de Biocombustibles.; Analizar la Información Generada en los Objetivos 1 y 2 para Seleccionar el Método Más Adecuado de Disrupción Celular y Optimización de Etapa Hidrolítica de la Tecnología de Digestión Anaerobia a Nivel de Laboratorio.; Analizar y Dar Seguimiento y Control de los Resultados Obtenidos en Objetivo 4 Optimizando y Obteniendo Parámetros de Control y Operación de la Tecnología de Digestión Anaerobia de Microalgas a Nivel de Laboratorio.; Desarrollar una Tecnología Aplicada a la Obtención de Biogás a Partir de la Digestión Anaerobia de Microalgas mediante Optimización de la Etapa Hidrolítica y Estrategias de Cultivo.; Diseñar el Proceso de Digestión Anaerobia de Microalgas Evaluando la Separación de las Etapas Hidrolítica y Metanogénica en Dos Reactores a Nivel de Laboratorio.; Elaborar Diseño de Experimentos para Realizar Estudio de Actividad Hidrolítica de Lodos Anaerobios Potenciales para la Degradación de la Pared Celular de Microalgas Y/o Estudio de Procesos Enzimáticos de Disrupción Celular.; Elaborar Estudio de Factibilidad Técnico Económica en Base a los Resultados Obtenidos a Escala Piloto.; Elaborar Estudio de Mercado Estudio de Patentamiento mediante Pct y Generación de Modelo de Negocio.; Elaborar Plan Estratégico de Difusión y Comercialización de los Resultados Formulación L4.; Escalar el Mejor Resultado Obtenido a Nivel Laboratorio a Escala Piloto Generando un Prototipo que Permita Vislumbrar la Propuesta de Valor del Modelo Diseñado Validando la Tecnología a una Escala Comercial de Alta Productividad.; Levantar Información Técnica Científica y Empiríca que sobre Estudios de la Etapa Hidrolítica de la Digestión Anaerobia de Sustratos de Alta Complejidad Como las Microalgas.; Seguimiento y Control de los Parámetros de Operación para la Determinación de los Parámetros Operacionales de la Tecnología Propuesta a Escala Piloto (t° Ph Alcalinidad Razón de Alcalinidades Concentración de Amonio Sólidos Volátiles (sv) Sólidos Totales (st) entre Otros); Corporación de Fomento de la Producción

Diseño e Implementación de Sistema Piloto de Mitigación de So2 Gaseoso desde Emisión de Fundición Minera, mediante Uso Microalga

Clean Energy Esb Sa; Roberta Saez González
Fonte: Corporação de Fomento da Produção Publicador: Corporação de Fomento da Produção
Tipo: proyecto
Publicado em 14/01/2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Chile Tiene Uno de los Sectores Mineros Más Grandes del Mundo lo que Trae Consigo un Fuerte Impacto Medioambiental en Cada una de sus Operaciones Emisiones de Sox Nox Co2 Hg entre Otros Contaminantes Son Liberadas Anualmente al Ambiente y Afectan a los Ecosistemas Aledaños a Cada Industria o Faena. El Ministerio de Medioambiente a Fin de Mejorar la Calidad del Aire Trabaja en Modificar la Norma de Emisiones de Fundiciones con lo que se Pretende Bajar a la Mitad las Toneladas Anuales de Dióxido de Azufre (so2) que se Emiten en el País que Trabaja con un Sistema de Medición en Línea y la Implementación de un Instrumento de Regulación Común a las Fundiciones Fijándoles un Máximo de Toneladas/año de Emisiones y Exigirá que Éstas Capturen el 95 por Ciento de sus Emisiones Caracterizadas por Tener So2 Material Particulado y Sustancias Tóxicas Como Arsénico Mercurio y Plomo. Clean Energy Asume el Desafío para el Desarrollo de una Nueva Tecnología de Reducción de Emisiones Considerando Sustentabilidad Eficiencia y Sostenibilidad mediante un Desulfurizador Biológico que Utiliza Microalgas para Disminuir el Contenido Remanente de Sox de las Corrientes Gaseosas Emitidas por las Industrias Mineras Aplicando Pruebas de Concepto cuyo Objetivo Final Es Llevar a Cabo la Operación de un Sistema de Captura de Sox Viable Técnica y Económicamente Dirigido al Mercado Minero Siderúrgico e Industrias de Metales entre Otras. Las Microalgas Son Microorganismos Fotosintéticos Altamente Eficientes en la Fijación de Co2 y Utilización de la Energía Solar para Producir Biomasa. Se Encuentran en Cualquier Ambiente Incluso en los Más Extremos lo cual Permite Encontrarlas Ampliamente Distribuidas en la Biósfera Adaptadas a una Gran Cantidad de Condiciones. El Concepto Propuesto se Basa en la Capacidad de Algunas Especies de Microalgas de Adaptarse Diversas Condiciones de Cultivo Inclusive en Sistemas Adversos Debido a Factores Climáticos Geográficos Y/o de Contaminación. De Esta Manera su Especial Mecanismo de Sobrevivencia Es Utilizado Como un Proceso de Selección Natural para Establecer Aquellas Idóneas que Sean Capaces de Resistir y Reproducirse para Efectuar un Proceso Inducido de Reducción de Emisiones. La Tecnología Potencialmente Puede Aplicarse para que las Microalgas se Desarrollen Rápidamente con Gases Industriales Así Como También Lograr que la Biomasa Asimile Biológicamente Y/o Bioacumule Compuestos Contaminantes Incluso Metales Pesados. La Investigación se Orienta hacia el Establecimiento de las Condiciones de Cultivo de las Microalgas Idóneas para el Abatimiento de las Emisiones de So2 de Tal Manera que se Genere un Sistema Sostenible y Estable de Cultivo que Actúe Como un Sistema de Mitigación de Azufre Complementario a los ya Implementados en la Industria Y/o Permita Tratar los Gases de Combustión con Alto Contenido de Contaminantes...

Sistema Biológico de Captura de Gases Contaminantes

Clean Energy Esb Sa; David Alejandro Espejo Canales
Fonte: Corporação de Fomento da Produção Publicador: Corporação de Fomento da Produção
Tipo: proyecto
Publicado em 23/07/2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Clean Energy Esb es una Empresa Chilena Procedente de la Región de Valparaíso que tras Realizar Investigación por Más de Ocho Años ha Logrado Concretar un Proyecto de Ingeniería Medioambiental Asociado a la Captura de Gases de Efecto Invernadero que Posee un Positivo Balance Energético y Económico lo cual se ha Podido Establecer mediante la Operación de un Prototipo de Biorrefinería Ubicada en las Dependencias de una Termoeléctrica en la Localidad de Ventanas Perteneciente a la Comuna de Puchuncaví. Esta Biorrefinería se Proyecta como un Referente a Nivel Mundial al Incorporar un Sistema Biológico para la Mitigación de Contaminación Gaseosa Proveniente desde una Fuente Emisora que Utiliza Microalgas Nativas es Decir Aisladas desde la Misma Zona donde se Implementa el Proyecto las Cuales Provienen de los Sectores Geográficos en los que se Emplazan las Instalaciones Industriales. Estas Microalgas se Cultivan en Fotobiorreactores que Funcionan en Paralelo que se Alimentan Directamente con los Gases Emitidos por la Central Térmica sin Ningún Tratamiento Previo de los Gases. Técnicamente el Estudio Desarrollado por Clean Energy Esb S. A a Nivel de Prototipo ha Permitido Evaluar la Factibilidad de Cultivo de Microalgas con Gases Provenientes Directamente de una Termoeléctrica Proceso Pionero en el Mundo que ha Tenido Excelentes Resultados en Términos de Productividad de Biomasa Microalgal. Todo Estos Estudios y la Definición del Modelo de Operación de la Biorrefinería Diseñada por Clean Energy Han Hecho de este Proyecto una Alternativa Interesante de Evaluar No Sólo en Chile Sino que También en Países como México Estados Unidos Venezuela Colombia Costa Rica Panamá y Otros. Es Así como Hoy Clean Energy ha Iniciado Conversaciones con Endesa España y Está a Forjas de Cerrar un Gran Negocio con la Industria Petrolera Mexicana Pemex Lugar donde se Pretende Instaurar un Modelo de Operación para un Sistema Integrado de Captura de Gases Basado en el Cultivo de Microalgas de Esta Manera se Hace Fundamental Fortalecer las Capacidades Comerciales y de Transferencia Tecnológica del Personal de Clean Energy con el Fin de Llegar a Buenos Acuerdos Comerciales con Éstas Empresas y con Aquellas que en un Futuro Próximo Requieran de nuestros Servicios Y/o Nuestra Tecnología. Video que Explica la Innovación:https://vimeo. Com/67473254; Dada las Actuales Condiciones de Internacionalización a Mercados Extranjeros de los Servicios y Productos que Clean Energy Ofrece es que el Objetivo General del Proyecto Propuesto es Fortalecer las Capacidades Comerciales y de Transferencia Tecnológica en el Equipo con el Fin de Lograr una Mejor Cohesión Integración y Propuesta de Valor Empresarial para Así Alcanzar una Posición en los Mercados Globales de la Mitigación de Gases de Efecto Invernadero y Biocombustibles.; Fortalecer el Modelo de Negocios Propuesto por la Empresa; Mejorar las Capacidades Comerciales del Equipo de Trabajo de Clean Energy; Profundizar el Conocimiento sobre el Establecimiento de Relaciones Estratégicas con Potenciales Clientes; Corporación de Fomento de la Producción

Some problems related with electricity production using clean energy. A view about a part of the Alentejo region (South Portugal)

Duque, Maria Rosa
Fonte: ScienceKNOW Conferences C.B. Publicador: ScienceKNOW Conferences C.B.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Some problems related with electricity production using clean energy. A view about a part of the Alentejo region (South Portugal) M. R. Duque (1) (1) Departamento de Física, Universidade de Évora, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Colégio Luís António Verney, Rua Romão Ramalho 59, 7000-671 Évora, Portugal Phone:351 266 745372 ; E-mail:mrad@uevora.pt 1.Introduction – The increasing demand for energy worldwide, and the possibility that, within a relatively short time, the stocks of material traditionally used for electricity production will be exhausted, and the fact that the pollution level is high, as led to the intensive use of renewable or “clean” energy. Our work presents some problems related with the intensive use of some “clean” energies. We must think also in the future, and in what will happen in 15 or 20 years when the actual plants stop working. We will study , in particular, a part of the Alentejo region (South Portugal). 2. Method –We will study problems related to the principal types of power plants in the region: dams and hydropower plants (ground area used, release of carbon dioxide and methane [1]), solar photovoltaic power plants (area used, recycling needs, problems related with the production of photovoltaic cells) and wind farms (noise pollution...

Closing the “Energy-Efficiency Gap”: An Empirical Analysis of Property Assessed Clean Energy

Kirkpatrick, Aubrey Justin
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 27/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
Until federal regulators halted operations, a handful of municipal PACE programs across the US offered property-secured loans from city or county funds to homeowners for residential clean energy investments. These loans, repaid through property tax assessments, addressed multiple non-price “market barriers” to residential investments commonly identified in the literature on the “energy-efficiency gap” – information barriers, transferability of investment, and cognitive failures common to high up-front cost investments. To elucidate the magnitude of the “energy-efficiency gap”, this analysis uses difference-in-differences models as well as a synthetic counterfactual to estimate the effect on residential photovoltaic installation rates of three California PACE programs operating between 2008 and 2010. When applied statewide, results predict an increase in installations by approximately 25 homes per year for an average-size Californian city, or 14,170 installations per year statewide.