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Responsabilidade civil e a transfusão de sangue; Civil responsibility and blood transfusion

Nunes, Helena Ferreira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
O legislador ao normatizar a hemoterapia provocou uma integração da Medicina e do Direito. Com a facilitação do acesso à justiça, inúmeras ações judiciais foram propostas em face das instituições hospitalares e dos profissionais envolvidos nas transfusões de sangue para reparação de prejuízos decorrentes da atividade. De um lado estão os profissionais da saúde, que em alguns casos desconhecem total ou parcialmente suas obrigações, e de outro está o Direito que deve buscar a reparação do dano causado à vitima. Portanto, para que haja o adequado desenvolvimento dos papéis das duas áreas faz-se necessário o apontamento de suas interconexões e conseqüências. Esse trabalho tem por objetivo a análise dos impactos e interfaces da atividade hemoterápica e de suas correspondentes implicações jurídicas ligadas ao instituto da responsabilidade civil previstos no ordenamento jurídico brasileiro vigente. Para realização desse trabalho foram analisadas: a legislação brasileira vigente aplicável ao procedimento de transfusão sangüínea; a literatura médica específica sobre hemoterapia; os estatutos e os códigos de ética dos profissionais da saúde que estão diretamente ligados ao processo da transfusão de sangue; anuários...

O código possível: a tarefa estatal da codificação civil no império do Brasil; O código possível: a tarefa estatal da codificação civil no Império do Brasil

Guerra, Marcele Garcia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
A história do processo de codificação civil no Brasil, ao longo do século XIX, é comumente contada como uma fábula jurídica frustrada. Mal sistematizado e pouco completo, o processo aparece nas narrativas históricas como sucessões de insucessos, não obstante uma série de esforços descomunais de eminentes juristas que, com seus projetos brilhantes, não encontraram espaço para reconhecimento de seus trabalhos visionários em um contexto de pouca ilustração no qual se encontrava o Brasil. Esta visão, tanto tendenciosa e protecionista de uma classe jurídica, revela pouco sobre o quê o processo de elaboração, ou não elaboração, de um código civil brasileiro, ao longo de todo século XIX e início do XX, pode trazer de contribuição para a compreensão de aspectos fundamentais da construção do Estado brasileiro. Em contraponto a tal visão, apresenta-se a proposta de investigar a trajetória do Código Civil Brasileiro através de uma perspectiva da Codificação como uma tarefa estatal. Em outras palavras, recontar a história da codificação civil do ponto de vista de elementos da estatalidade, ou seja, dentro de uma perspectiva de análise que tenta ler uma suposta agenda estatal de prioridades legislativas (procedimento legislativo). Isto porque a prática legislativa está sempre inserida em contextos que acabaram por ditar os resultados de cada empreendimento estatal para a realização da codificação civil. Este...

A noção de "jogo de azar" entre o direito brasileiro e o direito italiano

Krelling, Carolina Malagoli
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Jurídicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito, Florianópolis, 2014; O presente trabalho busca discutir um tema bastante controvertido dentro da legislação brasileira e italiana - os jogos de azar. Desta forma, o primeiro capítulo os apresenta na legislação nacional, tanto penal quanto civil. É possível acompanhar a trajetória percorrida pela configuração e prática deste delito, definido como contravenção, e as modificações que sofreu no decorrer dos anos, observando a legislação. No Brasil, o jogo de azar inicialmente foi regulamentado pelo Código Penal de 1890, até a elaboração do Código Penal brasileiro de 1940, o qual não inclui em seu texto as contravenções penais; estas reguladas por lei especial (Decreto-Lei nº 3.688 - Lei das Contravenções Penais, de 1941). Por ser uma prática comum entre tantas pessoas, as quais são muito diferentes entre si, a classificação de determinados jogos como jogo de azar não impede o seu exercício e a sua forte presença na sociedade. Isto acontece com o jogo do bicho; o qual merece destaque em razão de sua história e desenvolvimento enquanto prática social profundamente enraizada na sociedade brasileira. De uma leitura atenciosa...

Recommendations for the design of ultra-high performance concrete structures; Recommendations for the design of UHPC structures

Davila, Ricardo S
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 125 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
New materials frequently require modifications or rewrites of existing construction codes. They may also need new methods for their manufacture and installation. DUCTAL, a new ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) with enhanced tensile, compressive, and deflective behavior offered by LaFarge, is one such material, and current guidelines for concrete do not sufficiently account for these improved properties. Research by other universities and professional institutions has produced sequential recommendations, beginning with the experiment-based set from the Association Francaise de Genie Civil (AFGC) through the analytically-based set from MIT. In this thesis, the MIT approach is further developed into a coherent method for hardened UHPC design. The first two sections familiarize the reader with the analytical model for UHPC and the evolution in design codes and their philosophical bases. Essential concepts, such as the two-phase matrix-fiber behavior of the material and the use of a maximum crack width criterion to govern design, are explained. Next, the most current design guidelines are presented in full, with attention paid to bending and shear resistance. Comparisons with previous codes demonstrate the ability of these guidelines to produce more structurally efficient sections which consume less material.; (cont.) Analysis of the recommendations themselves will demonstrate the existence of a size effect and the cross-sectional parameters that affect structural efficiency most. Optimization based on the one-dimensional analytical model closes with an analysis of different cross-sections for their structural efficiency...

Impacts of lateral code changes associated with the 2006 International Building Code and the 2008 California Building Code

Ratley, Desirée Page
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 96 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
The 2008 California Building Code (CBC) will adopt the structural section of the 2006 International Building Code (IBC), which includes alterations to the procedure to determine earthquake design loading, and a drastic move to a complicated method to determine design wind pressures. The implementation of the revised 2006 International Building Code, and the subsequent California adoption of the structural section will have significant effects on the design and construction of structures not only in California, but also the rest of the country. Through a comparison of the design of a steel moment-resisting frame low-rise structure, it was determined that the new code will result in design values that differ from those resulting from the previous codes. In order to compare the relevant codes in different areas of the country, this thesis considers three design scenarios for the low-rise structure: seismic loading in Southern California to compare the 2001 CBC, the 2003 and the 2006 IBC, seismic loading in the Midwest to compare the 2003 IBC and the 2006 IBC, and wind loading in Northern California to compare the 2001 CBC and the 2006 IBC.; (cont.) In the first case, the change from the 2001 CBC to the 2003 IBC was an 8 percent increase in base shear...

Contribuição à análise de lajes nervuradas em pavimentos de garagem; Contribution to the analysis of waffle slab in garage floors

Tenório, Daniel Almeida
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Estruturas; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Civil; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Estruturas; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Civil; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
This work is turned to a structural element with a large number of scientific studies, waffle slab. The aim of this study was to elucidate two recommendations of the Brazilian codes that have different values of international codes. The first concerns the accidental loading to garage floor recommended by the Brazilian code, where there is not recommending the use of concentrated loads, the same being recommended by international codes. The second is related to the different recommendations between the Brazilian code and international codes regarding the calculation of the bending of the table of waffle slabs. To meet the objectives of this work, some numerical simulations of floors containing a single waffle slab, modeled as one-way waffle slab and two-way waffle slab, were made using the finite element method and grillage analysis using specific software. The focus of structural analysis turned to determining the maximum bending moments acting on the flange of waffle slabs and arrows. The answers to these simulations showed that for garage floors, it is important to consider concentrated loads (vehicles). As utilization in structural designs of concentrated loads is a process slow and complicated, were defined values of distributed loads to provide arrows and moments in the ribs equal to those generated by the concentrated loads. On the analysis of bending on the table of waffle slabs...

Seguran?a de estruturas em perfis formados a frio

Brand?o, Andr? Lu?s Riqueira
Fonte: Programa de P?s Gradua??o em Engenharia Civil. Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Escola de Minas, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Publicador: Programa de P?s Gradua??o em Engenharia Civil. Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Escola de Minas, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto.
Tipo: Dissertação
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
As estruturas devem oferecer seguran?a e boas condi??es de utiliza??o. Seguran?a significa que a estrutura n?o ir? se romper ou falhar, durante sua vida ?til, de modo que a integridade da vida de seus usu?rios seja obtida, ou ainda provocar um grande preju?zo econ?mico. Em um projeto estrutural, procura-se a solu??o mais econ?mica e segura poss?vel. Isto significa que a estrutura deve apresentar-se resistente, est?vel, duradoura e com o menor custo. Durante v?rias d?cadas as estruturas foram projetadas segundo normas em tens?es admiss?veis. A partir da d?cada de 1980, as normas brasileiras para o dimensionamento de estruturas met?licas passaram a ser baseadas no m?todo dos estados limites. Nestas normas s?o utilizados coeficientes de pondera??o das a??es e da resist?ncia de forma a se obter n?veis de seguran?a nelas definidos. Neste trabalho apresenta-se um estudo da seguran?a de elementos de barras e liga??es de perfis formados a frio, para v?rios estados limites, abordados em alguns c?digos de projeto. Os objetivos deste estudo s?o a avalia??o do ?ndice de confiabilidade, ?, para diversas rela??es a??o permanente/a??o vari?vel, bem como, comparar os valores encontrados considerando diversas combina??es de a??es. O estudo comparativo inclui o procedimento de calibra??o...

Reforming Civil Justice Systems : Trends in Industrial Countries

Zuckerman, Adrian A.S.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
Civil justice reform efforts in industrial countries face common problems in increasing access to justice and reducing costs and delays. A recent survey examined problems with and reforms of civil justice in 3 common law nations and 10 civil law countries. All reported that the economic interests of the legal profession explain many of the costs and delays in litigation and that overcoming these interests is difficult. Both civil and common law countries are resorting to greater judicial control of litigation process to control lawyers and their clients. There is the appearance of a new theory of civil procedure: the resources devoted to resolving a dispute should be proportionate to the interests involved and that systemwide resources should be allocated fairly across all disputes.

Preparatory Work for a World Bank Programming Mission on Civil Service Reform in Indonesia

Holfelt, Ingrid
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
This report describes a mission to Indonesia, with the purpose of mapping Human Resources Management (HRM) Practices in three selected ministries: Finance (MoF), Foreign Affairs (MoFA), and Home Affairs (MoHA). The mappings within these ministries were intended to provide an input to a World Bank Programming Mission on Civil Service Reform scheduled for 2-13 February 2009 to determine what kind of support the World Bank could provide in helping the Government of Indonesia (GOI) develop its ongoing civil service reform program. This report is a summary of the information gathered and includes a comparison among the three ministries. The summary is organized in accordance with the HRM core areas: (i) human resources strategy, (ii) job classification, (iii) recruitment, (iv) career management, (v) performance management, (vi) ethics management, (vii) training and development, (viii) remuneration, and (ix) the organization of the HR divisions.

Corporate Governance Scorecards : Assessing and Promoting the Implementation of Codes of Corporate Governance

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
This is a supplement to second IFC's toolkit: developing Corporate Governance codes of best practice. The focus of second toolkit is the development of codes of corporate governance. This supplement focuses narrowly on how to use scorecards to measure the observance and implementation of such codes. It does not cover the full panoply of governance assessment tools. This supplement provides practical guidance and a step-by step approach on how to develop a corporate governance scorecard. It also presents different approaches to scorings based on the experience of different scorecard users in different countries. This supplement is not intended to be a full manuscript of all the available tools or assessment techniques but more a guidance on various possible uses and applications of scorecards It is, however, intended to cover most of the issues that might confront any institution, regulator, stock exchange, and so on, that has in mind to develop a scorecard and to provide some practical guidance on how to approach those issues. This supplement provides practical guidance and a step-by step approach on how to develop a corporate governance scorecard. It also presents different approaches to scorings based on the experience of different scorecard users in different countries. The supplement also shows how scorecards are adapted to local circumstances and the local corporate governance framework.

Public Wrongs, Private Actions : Civil Lawsuits to Recover Stolen Assets

Brun, Jean Pierre; Dubois, Pascale Helene; van der Does de Willebois, Emile; Hauch, Jeanne; Jaïs, Sarah; Mekki, Yannis; Sotiropoulou, Anastasia; Sylvester, Katherine Rose; Uttamchandani, Mahesh
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.31%
Corruption and thefts of public assets harm a diffuse set of victims, weakens confidence in public institutions, damages the private investment climate, and threatens the foundations of the society as a whole. In developing countries with scarce public resources, the cost of corruption is an impediment to development: developing countries lose between US$20 to US$40 billion each year through bribery, misappropriation of funds, and other corrupt practices. Corruption is by no means a "victimless crime." This study aims to explore the standing of States and Government entities as victims and the possible recourse to private actions to redress public wrongs. States and Government entities may act as private litigants and bring civil suits to recover assets lost to corruption. The goal of this work is to promote knowledge and understanding as well as to increase the use of civil remedies and private lawsuits to recover stolen assets in the context of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) offences. The UNCAC...

Law, Politics, and Finance

Beck, Thorsten; Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Levine, Ross
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
The authors assess three established theories about the historical determinants of financial development. They also propose an augmented version of one of these theories. The law and finance view, stresses that different legal traditions emphasize, to differing degrees, the rights of individual investors relative to the state, which has important ramifications for financial development. The dynamic law and finance vie, augments the law and finance view, stressing that legal traditions also differ in their ability to adapt to changing conditions. The politics and finance view, rejects the central role of legal tradition, stressing instead that political factors shape financial development. The endowment view, argues that the mortality rates of European settlers, as they colonized various parts of the globe, influenced the institutions they initially created, which has had enduring effects on institutions today. When initial conditions produced an unfavorable environment for European settlers, colonialists tended to create institutions designed to extract resources expeditiously...

Codes de conduite et droit d'association : une étude exploratoire du secteur du textile

Talarico, Andrea
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
Avec la globalisation de l’économie, l’entreprise traditionnelle est devenue un réseau global de producteurs liés par des contrats. À la suite de certains abus commis par les entreprises multinationales, notamment en ce qui concerne les droits fondamentaux des travailleurs, les entreprises et la société civile ont développé des mécanismes de régulation privés dont les codes de conduite privés. La présente étude cherche à déterminer quels pouvaient être les véritables destinataires des codes de conduite : les travailleurs du pays d’origine de l’entreprise (généralement situés dans un pays développé) ou les travailleurs des pays de production (généralement situés dans des pays en développement). À cette fin, le mémoire compare le contenu des codes de conduite de Nike, de Gap et de Levi-Strauss sur ce sujet avec les observations de l’Organisation internationale du travail pour les travailleurs des États-Unis, de l’Inde et du Bangladesh. Certains écarts entre les protections accordées par les codes et les besoins des travailleurs sont ainsi identifiés. Dans la dernière partie du mémoire, la question d’étude est élargie afin d’examiner si les codes ne seraient pas destinés à des personnes autres que les travailleurs...

Encouraging low-impact-development stormwater-management practices / Assabet River Watershed sub-basin case study

Brown, James E. (James Edward), 1969-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 95 leaves; 6775893 bytes; 6786815 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
Regulatory codes and ordinances create a framework that guide stormwater management decision processes. These regulations are designed to protect the health and safety of the public and to preserve the natural integrity of the environment. Using a case-study approach in Acton, Massachusetts, a two-part examination is performed. The first is a comprehensive review of Acton's developmental code and ordinances. The second part of the study is a site redevelopment design using LID technologies for site-level stormwater management. To facilitate the regulatory review, a code and ordinance worksheet (COW) developed by The Center for Watershed Protection (CWP) was used to evaluate Acton's regulations against the CWP's twenty-two model development principles. Acton's score was then compared to previously completed worksheets from eighteen other eastern seaboard communities. The Discovery Museums, a children's museum in Acton, was chosen for the site redevelopment. The museum expressed a desire to remove an existing parking area and reconfigure another lot to absorb the displaced spaces. The EPA's Low-Impact Development Design Strategies manual was used to guide the museum site planning and design development. The design evaluation included comprehensive hydrologic and water quality analyses to determine pre- and post- development performance. The results of the regulatory review demonstrate that Acton's existing developmental codes and ordinances do not presently encourage LID practices and have only a 62% agreement with the CWP model development principles. The museum site redevelopment design proves that site-level stormwater management technologies can be incorporated into the site landscape and be used to return the site's hydrologic volume...

Semiótica de la propaganda : aplicación empírica de un modelo de análisis formal a portadas de prensa de la Guerra Civil Española

Pineda, Antonio; Macarro Tomillo, Antonio; Barragán Romero, Ana Isabel
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Aquest article es basa en l'aplicació d'un model dissenyat per a l'anàlisi semiòtica de la propaganda. El model s'aplica a una mostra de 182 portades de premsa procedents del diari ABC (en la seva edició madrilenya, políticament prorrepublicana) durant la Guerra Civil Espanyola. El model utilitzat estudia fonamentalment el procés de representació semàntica de les instàncies de poder propagandistes. En la present investigació, l'aplicació de conceptes i estructures formals del model es complementa amb la quantificació dels resultats empírics. Les portades analitzades s'entenen com a missatges propagandístics unitaris compostos per una imatge i un text; el grau en què ambdós codis convergeixen en un únic concepte propagandístic és un dels diversos aspectes de la Semiòtica de la Propaganda estudiats en aquest treball. Per mesurar aquesta convergència, els missatges són analitzats utilitzant el concepte teòric de el “propagandema” o unitat mínima de significat propagandístic. Els resultats evidencien que les portades d'ABC coadjuven a l'esforç de propaganda bèl·lica de la República, i funcionen bàsicament com un discurs a curt termini destinat a mantenir l'esperit de combat del bàndol republicà. No obstant això...

Development and integration of a new course in structural loads & systems in a civil engineering technology program

Aghayere, Abi; Aghayere, Abi
Fonte: American Society for Engineering Education Publicador: American Society for Engineering Education
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 75067 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
One of the Civil criteria in ABET TC2K is that programs “apply current knowledge and adapt to emerging applications of technology,” such as, changes in the building codes. Structural design firms also have the expectation that Civil Engineering Technology (CET) graduates should be able to apply current codes to determine structural loads, required for the analysis and design of structures. While most CET programs expose their students to structural analysis and design using instructor or textbook-prescribed loads, few expose students to the detailed calculation of actual structural loads using current codes. Many jurisdictions in the United States, including New York State, have recently adopted the International Building Code (IBC), which contains the latest provisions on structural loads, including wind and seismic loads for buildings. Prior to 2002, in New York State, the building code only required buildings to be designed for wind loads using a very simple tabular method. Seismic loads were not considered. Under that dispensation, it was possible and feasible to integrate the topic of structural loads, dead, live, snow and wind load, into any one of the structural design courses, all-be-it at an elementary level. However...

Condicionamento histórico do processo civil brasileiro: o legado do direito lusitano; Historical subjection of the Brazilian civil procedure: the legacy of the portuguese law.

Dias, Handel Martins
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
Este trabalho estuda, por meio de pesquisa em fontes de cognição técnicas e atécnicas, primárias e secundárias, o condicionamento histórico padecido pelo processo civil brasileiro, que se mantém jungido ao direito processual lusitano medievo até os dias de hoje, apesar da evolução da ciência processual, especialmente no último século, e do distanciamento do colonialismo português. Após ter vigorado no Brasil por longo tempo durante o período colonial e ter permanecido vigente mesmo depois da proclamação da Independência, o processo civil português influenciou de forma extraordinária os mais importantes monumentos legislativos processuais que se sucederam no País, a saber, o Regulamento 737, os códigos processuais estaduais e os Códigos de Processo Civil de 1939 e de 1973. Das entranhas dessas codificações depreendem-se claramente inúmeras disposições do direito português medieval, cujo processo civil era calcado no sistema do ordo solemnis judiciorum do direito comum, formado fundamentalmente pelo direito romano e pelo direito canônico: fontes materiais e subsidiárias das Ordenações do Reino. Até hoje, a construção lógica e a maioria das características, dos princípios e dos institutos do direito processual civil brasileiro têm como fontes jurígenas senão o processo civil lusitano medieval. Paradoxalmente...

A INFLUÊNCIA DE AUGUSTO TEIXEIRA DE FREITAS NA ELABORAÇÃO DO CÓDIGO CIVIL ARGENTINO

Nocchi, Carolina Penna
Fonte: Revista do Centro Acadêmico Afonso Pena Publicador: Revista do Centro Acadêmico Afonso Pena
Tipo: Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/10/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
O presente estudo aborda a influência do jurista brasileiro Augusto Teixeira de Freitas na codificação civil argentina. Após discorrer sobre a obra de Freitas - destacadamente o Esbôço e a Consolidação das Leis Civis, apontando o que há de relevante e autêntico em seu trabalho, e apresentar brevemente o processo de codificação civil argentina, procurou-se identificar como Freitas contribuiu para a elaboração do Código Civil portenho. Destacou-se, assim, os principais aspectos da obra de Freitas que serviram de inspiração para Dalmacio Vélez Sarsfield, jurista responsável pela criação do Código Civil argentino. Pretendeu-se, com este trabalho, a construção de um panorama sobre o tema proposto, que pudesse contribuir para posteriores investigações acerca da codificação civil na América Latina.PALAVRAS CHAVE: 1. Augusto Teixeira de Freitas; 2. Consolidação das Leis Civis; 3. Código Civil argentino; 4. codificação civil latino-americana; 5. Dalmacio Vélez Sarsfield. THE INFLUENCE OF AUGUSTO TEIXEIRA DE FREITAS IN THE PREPARATION OF THE ARGENTINE CIVIL CODE ABSTRACT: This paper discuss the influence of the brazilian jurist, Augusto Teixeira de Freitas, in civil codes in Latin America, more especifically in Argentina. At first...

The status of basic design ground motion provisions in seismic design codes of sub-Saharan African countries: A critical review

Worku,A
Fonte: Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering Publicador: Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
Basic provisions for design ground motions in seismic design codes of sub-Saharan African countries are critically reviewed. The seismic codes of Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda are selected to represent the eastern region, Ghana to represent the west and South Africa to represent the south. The specific provisions considered are those pertaining to site effect and the recurrence period of the design earthquake. The codes are also compared with one another and with selected current international codes from the US and Europe, with respect to selected provisions. The provisions are further viewed from the perspective of the state of the art and the state of the practice. It has been concluded that these basic provisions in most of the sub-Saharan African codes considered are inadequate in guaranteeing safety of human life and limiting damage to property, suggesting a need for immediate updating, an exception being the South African code.

Clients' perspectives of professional ethics for civil engineers

Abdul-Rahman,H; Wang,C; Saimon,M A
Fonte: Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering Publicador: Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Many parties in the construction industry claim that codes of professional ethics can help mitigate the unethical conduct of civil engineers and improve the ethical level amongst construction players. However, the fact is, even though most organisations have their own codes of ethics, there still are many instances of unethical conduct in the construction industry. For this reason, this research attempted to study clients' perceptions of the impact on civil engineering works that codes of professional ethics have. Unethical conduct in the construction industry, such as fraud, bribery and collusive tendering, were addressed in 55 structured interviews. The interviews indicated the causes of the unethical conduct, as well as ways for mitigation. Finally, two models of disciplinary procedures to deal with unethical conduct were developed for the construction industry, particularly for civil engineers. One model is for nonserious unethical conduct such as "being late for work", "punching card on behalf of a friend", and "disappointing work performance", while the other model is for serious unethical conduct such as "fraud", "dishonesty", and "collusion with the other party".