Página 1 dos resultados de 9240 itens digitais encontrados em 0.011 segundos

Insônia, sinais e sintomas depressivos e qualidade de vida em idosos institucionalizados; Insomnia, depressive signs and symptoms and Quality of Life in institutionalized senior citizens

Oliveira, Jolene Cristina Ferreira de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/08/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27%
INTRODUÇÃO: O envelhecimento é um processo contínuo e dinâmico que produz alterações biopsicossociais que culminam com a morte. Embora normais, tais alterações acabam por comprometer a Qualidade de Vida (QV) dos idosos. Dentre elas cabe citar: aposentadoria, viuvez, mudanças de papéis na família e na sociedade, falta de motivação e dificuldade de planejar o futuro, deficiências orgânicas, entre outras. Muitos idosos conseguem adaptar-se e conviver com essas alterações enquanto outros não as aceitam e se tornam vulneráveis ao surgimento de doenças tais como a insônia e a depressão. OBJETIVOS: identificar a presença de insônia em idosos institucionalizados; avaliar a presença de sinais e sintomas depressivos em idosos institucionalizados; verificar a percepção dos idosos institucionalizados em relação à sua QV; comparar a QV nos idosos institucionalizados insones e nãoinsones; comparar os idosos institucionalizados no que se refere à presença de sinais e sintomas depressivos entre insones e não- insones; correlacionar sinais e sintomas depressivos e QV no grupo de insones comparado ao de não-insones; comparar com grupo comparativo os itens citados acima. MÉTODOS: o estudo foi realizado no asilo "São João Bosco" e no centro de convivência dos idosos "João Nogueira Vieira"...

Medição da resistencia aerobica em adultos maiores atraves do teste de Mazorra Zamorra; Measurement of the aerobic resistance in senior citizens by means of the Mazorra Zamorra test

Orlando Santiago Gallardo Green
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/07/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
O objetivo do presente estudo foi medir a Resistência Aeróbica através do Teste de Mazorra Zamora em adultas maiores, da cidade de Concepción?Coronel - Chile, onde a mostra foi de pessoas voluntárias, selecionadas de um grupo de Ginástica para o Adulto Maior Ativas de: Caminho Olavarría integrada por 5 senhoras; um grupo de Ginástica do Departamento de Educação Física da Universidade de Concepción, integrada por 15 senhoras; outro grupo pertecente ao Consultório Víctor Manuel Fernández integrado por 24 senhoras e um grupo de 18 adultas maiores sedentárias do Club ?San Francisco de Asís? de Coronel e uma adulta maior sedentária voluntária de Concepción. O Teste aplicado se caracteriza por dar resultados em distância recorrida num tempo predeterminado. Por otro lado, se utilizou estatística descritiva de média, desviação estándar e nível para caracterizar aos grupos e a aplicação da fórmula ?t de student? que permitiu ratificar que há diferença significativa entre adultos maiores que praticam atividade física e aqueles adultos maiores que não praticam atividade física; The target of the present study was to measure the Aerobic Resistance by means of the Mazorra-Zamora Test in senior citizens of the city of Concepción-Coronel ? Chile. The sample was made up of volunteers. The people were chosen from a Gymnastics-for-the-Active-Elderly group in the Camilo Olavarría neighbourhood (6 women); a Gymnastics Group from the Department of Physical Education of the University of Concepción (15 women); a group from the Víctor Manuel Fernández Health Care Center (24 women); a group of sedentary elderly women (18) from the San Francisco de Asís Club in the city of Coronel; and one volunteer...

Admission of foreign citizens to the general teaching hospital of bologna, northeastern Italy: An epidemiological and clinical survey

Sabbatani,Sergio; Baldi,Elena; Manfredi,Roberto; Chiodo,Francesco
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
BACKGROUND: The emergency regarding recent immigration waves into Italy makes continued healthcare monitoring of these populations necessary. METHODS: Through a survey of hospital admissions carried out during the last five years at the S. Orsola-Malpighi General Hospital of Bologna (Italy), all causes of admission of these subjects were evaluated, together with their correlates. Subsequently, we focused on admissions due to infectious diseases. All available data regarding foreign citizens admitted as inpatients or in Day-Hospital settings of our teaching hospital from January 1, 1999, to March 31, 2004, were assessed. Diagnosis-related group (DRG) features, and single discharge diagnoses, were also evaluated, and a further assessment of infectious diseases was subsequently made. RESULTS: Within a comprehensive pool of 339,051 hospitalized patients, foreign citizen discharges numbered 7,312 (2.15%), including 2,542 males (34.8%) and 4,769 females (65.2%). Males had a mean age of 36.8±14.7 years, while females were aged 30.8±12.2 years. In the assessment of the areas of origin, 34.6% of hospitalizations were attributed to patients coming from Eastern Europe, 15.3% from Northern Africa, 7.3% (comprehensively) from Western Europe and United States...

Discovering citizens reaction toward e-government: factors in e-government adoption

Alomari,Mohammad Kamel
Fonte: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP Publicador: TECSI Laboratório de Tecnologia e Sistemas de Informação - FEA/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
E-government has been considered as one approach for changing the face of government in the eyes of the citizenry. Therefore, citizens’ socialization in relation to their engagement with e-government should be explored. This study argues that citizens played a significant role in determining the success of an e-government project in the Middle Eastern country of Jordan. This paper aims to provide insight and evaluation into the factors that could influence e-government’s effective functioning in the Jordanian social community through its interaction with citizens. The study collected data from 356 Jordanian citizens via a survey, to ascertain their understanding of 10 factors that may influence their intention to use e-government services. To investigate the adoption of e-government services in depth, two departments in Jordan were selected: the Jordanian Government’s Income and Sales Tax Department (ISTD) and its Driver and Vehicle Licenses Department (DVDL). The factor analysis technique was used to identify the main factors related to e-government services’ adoption. The results indicated that trust in the internet, website design, religious beliefs, internet and computer skill confidence, word of mouth...

Governance Reform Under Real-World Conditions : Citizens, Stakeholders, and Voice

Odugbemi, Sina; Jacobson, Thomas
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
This book is a contribution to efforts to improve governance systems around the world, particularly in developing countries. It offers a range of innovative approaches and techniques for dealing with the most important nontechnical challenges that prevent many of those efforts from being successful or sustainable. By so doing, the book sets out the groundwork for governance reform initiatives. Its overarching argument is that the development community is not lacking the tools needed for technical solutions to governance challenges. The toolbox is overflowing; best practice manuals in various areas of interest tumble out of seminars and workshops. However, difficulties arise when attempts are made to apply what are often excellent technical solutions under real-world conditions. Human beings, acting either alone or in groups small and large, are not as amenable as are pure numbers. And they cannot be put aside. In other words, in the real world, reforms will not succeed, and they will certainly not be sustained...

Africa and Decentralization : Enter the Citizens

Matovu, George W. M.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
Decentralization has the potential to contribute to the democratization of society, promotion of efficient delivery of public services, and bridging the gap between the state and civic groups. It is the basis for local self-government, which eventually leads to good governance. In the context of Zimbabwe, civil society organizations play a critical role in representing citizens on social, political and economic issues. One clear example of improved governance due to citizen involvement is the case of the City of Harare Combined Residents Association (CHRA).

The Right to Vote for Non-citizens in the European Multilevel System of Fundamental Rights Protection: A case study in inconsistency?

FABBRINI, Federico
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
The paper analyses the issue of voting rights for non-citizens in the European legal space. Its purpose is to outline the inconsistencies that characterize the European multilevel system of fundamental rights protection and to assess whether the transformations that are taking place both in the law on the books and the law in action hold the potential for overcoming these problems. The paper will maintain that the overlap of three sets of norms and institutions for the protection of fundamental rights creates tensions and paradoxes in the field of voting rights and participation in political life for non-citizens. In addition, it will be argued that the legislative and judicial transformations that are taking place in the European human rights architecture show only limited capacity to address these problems. On the other hand, however, the paper claims that the European experience is by no way unique and rather finds similarities in the history of electoral rights and citizenship in the US constitutional system. Drawing on a comparison with the US experience, therefore, the paper will attempt to advance several legislative proposals to reform the European legal architecture by identifying measures which could be adopted de jure condendo to redress the current state of affairs.

Protecting (unrepresented) EU citizens in third countries : the intertwining roles of the EU and its Member States

MORARU, Madalina Bianca
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
This thesis explores the development of European Union’s model of protecting its citizens in the world, demonstrating it to be a unique and complex mixture of EU internal and external policies and instruments that is unlike any other international, regional, or domestic model of protecting individuals abroad. The thesis will critically assess the three main stages of development of the EU model until the present day. The first stage started in 1993, when the Maastricht Treaty introduced an EU citizenship right to equal protection abroad and this continued for the following decade. It will be shown that during this period the EU model of protecting the Union citizens abroad consisted of a purely horizontal form of cooperation among the Member States that materialised in a sui generis type of international agreement that has restricted the efficiency of the EU citizenship right, due to the Member States’ reluctance to lose their State prerogatives in favour of the EU. The second stage of development started in 2004 when a number of international disasters affecting EU citizens in third countries led the Member States to accept cooperation with EU institutions and external policy instruments for the purpose of complementing their capacity to secure the effective protection of unrepresented Union citizens abroad. The third stage started with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty...

Efectos del programa educativo GERO-HEALTH sobre el nivel de interiorización de conocimientos de prevención y promoción de la salud en personas mayores; Effects of the GERO-HEALTH education program on the assimilation of information on prevention and health promotion by senior citizens

Lorenzo, Trinidad; Millán-Calenti, José C.; Lorenzo-López, Laura; Maseda, Ana
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
El objetivo de este artículo fue evaluar la dimensión teórico-práctica de los conocimientos adquiridos por personas mayores de 65 años, en función del sexo y el nivel educativo, durante un programa de educación para la salud. Se realizó un estudio de tipo cuasi-experimental, transversal, sobre una muestra de 73 mayores, que fueron evaluados al comienzo y al final del programa mediante un cuestionario que determinaba el nivel de interiorización del conocimiento adquirido. Los resultados mostraron que, tras la realización del programa, los sujetos incrementaron significativamente sus conocimientos sobre salud, siendo este efecto mayor en las mujeres, y en los sujetos con menor nivel educativo. El programa se revela, por tanto, como eficaz en la promoción del envejecimiento activo, además de compaginar otros elementos psico-sociales relevantes en la vejez como las relaciones intergeneracionales y los procesos de empoderamiento.; The aim of this paper was to assess the theoretical-practical dimension of the knowledge acquired by 65-year-olds and over according to sex and educational level during a health education program. A cross-sectional quasi-experimental design study was conducted with a sample of 73 senior citizens who completed a questionnaire at the beginning and at the end of the program. The questionnaire measured the level of assimilation of acquired knowledge. The results showed that participants´ knowledge of health issues significantly increased upon completion of the program...

El asociacionismo y las necesidades socioeducativas en los centros de mayores del municipio de Murcia; Partnership and socioeducational needs of senior citizens´ residences in Murcia, Spain

Miñano Jiménez, Luis; Martínez de Miguel López, Silvia
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
This article is the result of a research study which addresses the reality of the elderly from a socioeducational approach. Senior citizens are an increasingly important part of the population in social policy and this study focuses on their socioeducational needs and social participation through partnership, taking Senior Citizens´ Residences as a main reference. We used a qualitative methodology, as this allows us to get close to and interpret the reality of the elderly from their own point of view and experiences. Thirty participants were chosen and interviewed in depth. The interviews were then categorised and analysed. Results show the high motivation and willingness of participants to take part in social, cultural and educational activities to the extent that these meet their needs, which in turn implies that the programmes and services designed for them originate from their own needs and requirements.; El presente artículo es fruto de una investigación que, desde planteamientos socioeducativos, aborda la realidad de las personas mayores, sector de población  cada vez más importante en las políticas sociales, y más específicamente sobre sus necesidades socioeducativas y la participación social a través del asociacionismo...

Political leadership, parties and citizens : the personalisation of leadership

BLONDEL, Jean; THIEBAULT, Jean-Louis; CZERNICKA, Katarzyna; INOGUCHI, Takashi; PATHMANAND, Ukrist; VENTURINO, Fulvio
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Livro
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.85%
Social structure may historically have been of primary importance in accounting for the attitudes and behavior of many citizens, but now changes in social structure have diminished the role played by class and religious affiliation, whilst the significance of personality in political leadership has increased. This volume explores, both theoretically and empirically, the increasingly important role played by the personalisation of leadership. Acknowledging the part played by social cleavages, it focuses on the personal relationships and psychological dimension between citizens and political leaders. It begins by examining the changes which have taken place in the relationship among citizens, the parties which they support and the leaders of these parties in a European context. The authors then assess how far the phenomena of 'personalised leadership' differ from country to country, and the forms which these differences take. The book includes comparative case studies on Britain and Northern Ireland, France, Italy, Poland, Japan and Thailand; it concentrates on eleven prominent leaders epitomising personalised political leadership: Thatcher, Blair, Mitterand, Chirac, Le Pen, Berlusconi, Bossi, Walesa, Lepper, Koizumi and Thaksin. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science...

Judging judges: from 'principal-agent theory' to 'constitutional justice' in multilevel 'judicial governance' of economic cooperation among citizens

PETERSMANN, Ernst-Ulrich
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
How should citizens evaluate the ever more important case law of international economic courts and their sometimes inadequate responses (e.g. by investor-state arbitration) to 'the governance gaps created by globalization (which) provide the permissive environment for wrongful acts by companies of all kinds without adequate sanctioning or reparation'?1 Section I recalls that the customary law requirement (as codified in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties) of settling 'disputes concerning treaties, like other international disputes,... in conformity with the principles of justice and international law', including `universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all' (Preamble VCLT), reflects the constitutional functions of courts to interpret and apply law in conformity with 'rule of law', justice and human rights as constitutional restraints on the 'rule of men' and their 'rule by law'. Section II explains why some of the governance problems of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are due to power-oriented conceptions of 'principal-agent' relationships as.

Human rights unlawful non-citizens in Australia & Argentina

Hodgson, Ann
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
The governments of Australia and Argentina have largely met the human rights standards to which they have committed themselves regarding unlawful non-citizens. In relation to asylum seekers, Australia appears almost in breach of international law; yet the country has generally met the standard by which it has agreed to be bound. The human rights standard committed to by Argentina regarding the treatment of unlawful non-citizens is more difficult to assess. Although illegal residents are not entitled to remain in the country, they are still granted basic human rights under both the International Bill of Human Rights and the American Convention on Human Rights. Human rights groups have criticized Argentina's National Migration Office for its deportation procedures and what they claim to be a failure to uphold Constitutional guarantees; however, in general, Argentina may be seen to have fulfilled its human rights obligations under international law. The Australian government has been accused of violating its human rights standard for asylum seekers by risking the return of non-citizens to countries where they may face persecution or torture, arbitrarily detaining unlawful aliens, not informing detainees of their right to legal assistance...

Do Informed Citizens Receive More…or Pay More? The Impact of Radio on the Government Distribution of Public Health Benefits

Keefer, Philip; Khemani, Stuti
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
The government provision of free or subsidized bed nets to combat malaria in Benin allows the identification of new channels through which mass media affect public policy outcomes. Prior research has concluded that governments provide greater private benefits to better-informed individuals. This paper shows, for the first time, that governments can also respond by exploiting informed individuals' greater willingness to pay for these benefits. Using a "natural experiment" in radio markets in northern Benin, the paper finds that media access increases the likelihood that households pay for the bed nets they receive from government, rather than getting them for free. Households more exposed to radio programming on the benefits of bed nets and the hazards of malaria place a higher value on bed nets. Local government officials exercise significant discretion over bed net pricing and respond to higher demand by selling bed nets that they could have distributed for free. Mass media appears to change the private behavior of citizens -- in this case...

Global Issues for Global Citizens : An Introduction to Key Development Challenges

Bhargava, Vinay
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
This book grew out of the Global Issues seminars and is itself a testament to that two-way dialogue: the suggestion to compile the speakers' lecture notes into a book came from the students themselves. Both the seminars and this book reflect the Bank's conviction that the seemingly intractable problems of our globalizing world-from entrenched poverty, to climate change, to new infectious diseases such as AIDS and avian flu-can be solved, but only with the informed participation of a global citizenry, cooperating toward global solutions through global institutions that they themselves own. In today's world, the unchecked spread of disease. We are all called, as responsible global citizens, to inform ourselves about these issues, to then inform others, and finally to get involved in seeking solutions. One lesson that emerges from the book is that the global issues are very often interconnected, even if they may not seem so at first. The book also reminds us that many global issues derive from the undersupply of global public goods. The objective of this paper is to promote an understanding of key global issues and why they matter...

Citizens and Service Delivery : Assessing the Use of Social Accountability Approaches in the Human Development Sectors

Ringold, Dena; Holla, Alaka; Koziol, Margaret; Srinivasan, Santhosh
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
Efforts by governments, donors, and civil society alike to improve governance, accountability, and development results on the ground have heightened attention to the idea that citizens can contribute to better public services by holding their policy makers, providers, and program managers accountable. While the use of social accountability to improve services in low- and middle-income countries is not new, the topic has gained currency in recent years. This book looks at how this works in practice. It aims to learn from the experiences gained from the implementation of World Bank projects and from the small, but growing, set of impact evaluations. The review is a first step to identify lessons, knowledge gaps, and questions for further research that can improve the use of these tools in government policies and through programs supported by civil society and donors, including the World Bank. The book documents a diverse and exciting set of cases the rapid adoption of access-to-information laws, the use of public expenditure tracking surveys by civil society organizations to 'follow the money' from central government budgets to schools and health clinics...

The Portuguese citizens trust state on existing banks in Portugal and their concerns when choosing a bank

Batalha, Inês Raquel Ferreira
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.88%
Dissertation submitted as partial requirement for the conferral of Master of Science in Business Administration / JEL Classification: G2; P13; Purpose: This dissertation aims to present the Portuguese Citizens trust level on the existing banks, recognizing their criteria when choosing banks. The purpose is to promote the discussion on the type of banks citizens would like to have. It also contributes to literature regarding financial crisis consequences on trust and providing arguments on the potential relevance of Cooperative banks. Method: The author uses quantitative method. Data is gathered by surveys and analyzed on SPSS - Multi Correspondence and Chi-Square Analysis. Findings: The research concludes that Portuguese Citizens are not trusting on the existent banks, since they think banks aren’t acting correctly. Citizens are also concerned with the well-being promotion that banks create rather than profit maximization. Research limitations: This research is based on the existing literature and on data gathered by telephone to 600 citizens. To understand some issues, developing qualitative research (focus groups and interviews) could be relevant. Practical implications: With financial crisis context and its consequences on trust level...

Electing Citizens and Aliens: A Theology of Migration, Borders, and Belonging

Ashworth, Justin Parrish
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.9%

This work offers a theological reading of and response to migration restrictions in the United States of America, focusing on their instantiation in the U.S.-Mexico border and on the discourses and practices of citizenship and alienage that support these arrangements. Unlike most works in Christian immigration ethics, this work not only highlights the negative effects of migration policies, but also unearths the basic assumptions grounding these policies, all while displaying the racial and theological imaginaries grounding them.

The first part of this work argues that the assumption grounding all migration policies is “the preferential option for one’s own people,” that is, the view that citizens not only may but must prefer or prioritize the life of fellow citizens over that of non-citizens. The first chapter draws on French theorist Michel Foucault and decolonial intellectuals to offer a reading of three non-theological arguments for migration restrictions, namely, security, economics, and culture. In short, those who believe the U.S. must have migration restrictions believe that aliens may threaten the security, economy, and culture—in short, the life—of citizens. The second chapter interrogates theological arguments for national borders...

How Kosovar citizens engage in the political process: The role of interest groups and the uses of technology

Fisher, Lyndsey
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 509938 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.71%
This thesis focuses on how Kosovo citizens currently engage themselves in the political process. An engaged civil society is needed to assist Kosovo in its transition toward a final status decision as well as continuing development. As this is a very broad question to address, the focus is on two areas: how do citizens engage themselves through interest groups and how do these interest groups use technology to promote political engagement? Structured interviews with local citizens involved in Kosovo interest groups are the main source of information used in the analysis. Quantitative and qualitative analysis is used to explain Kosovo citizen motivation to participate, barriers to engagement, minority issues in the political processes, uses of technology, and recommendations for the future development of Kosovo civil society.

Transportation Services in Delaware for Persons with Disabilities and Senior Citizens

Institute for Public Administration
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
This report describes current trends and issues in Delaware relating to transportation services for persons with disabilities and senior citizens. Topics outlined include funding, access, coordination, and public transport. The report includes recommendations to address issues identified during the research process.; Delaware General Assembly Joint Finance Committee