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Situação epidemiológica da filariose linfática bancroftiana no município de Maceió, estado de Alagoas.; The epidemiological situation of bancroftian lymphatic filariasis in the municipality of Maceió, state of Alagoas.

Leite, Anderson Brandão
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Biologia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Biologia; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Bancroftian lymphatic filariasis is a neglected parasitic illness, known popularly as elephantiasis, because it is one of its chronic clinical manifestations. It is an anthroponotic disease caused by a nematode helminth of the species Wuchereria bancrofti (Cobbold, 1877) (Spirurida: Onchocercidae). Bancroftian filariasis occurs in 83 countries localized in tropical and subtropical regions and is considered by the World Health Organization as the second leading cause, worldwide, of work disability. With the objective to ascertain the current distribution of lymphatic filariasis in Maceio, based upon previous studies, hemoscopic and entomological surveys were conducted in the city. The hemoscopic surveys were performed using a thick blood smear (TBS) in a random sample of 20,025 students of night schools, enrolled in the 143 public schools that cover the 50 districts of the city, a sample of 1418 employees of the same public night schools and of 546 soldiers of the Brazilian Army s 59th Motorized Infantry Battalion. Also evaluated by TBS was the family of the sole microfilaremic person found, composed of four individuals and 239 families of current and former neighbors of this patient, with a total of 943 individuals. The entomological survey...

Efeito de um extrato de chrysobalanus icaco na marcação de constituíntes sanguíneos com tecnécio-99m, na morfologia de hemácias, na topologia plasmidial e na ação do cloreto estanoso no dna plasmidial

Presta, Giuseppe Antônio
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
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The use of radionuclides has contributed for advances in Health Sciences, to research or to the diagnosis and/or treatment of diseases. These advances have been possible with the utilization of radiopharmaceuticals labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc). Stannous chloride (SnCl2) has the main reducing agent utilized to obtain radiopharmaceuticals labeled with technetium-99m. It has been reported that several natural or synthetic drugs are capable to alter the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc, as well as the red blood cells morphology. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible alterations of Chrysobalanus icaco extract on the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc, on the morphology of RBC of blood of Wistar rats, on the breakage of plasmid DNA and on the effects of stannous chloride on plasmid DNA. The results showed significant (P<0.05) alteration of the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc, as well as, modification of the morphology and morphometry (perimeter/area ratio) of the RBC in presence of the extract. These data suggest that this abajeru extract could alter the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc by its chelating/antioxidant action and/or effects on membrane structures. Moreover C. icaco extract altered the electrophoretic profile and decreased significantly (p<0.05) the effect of SnCl2 on plasmid DNA. The results obtained in this work could indicate a dose-dependent protective action against the SnCl2 and a genotoxic effect of C. icaco extract on plasmid DNA; O uso de radionuclídeos tem contribuído para avanços relevantes em Ciências da Saúde...

Efeito de preparações de produtos naturais (cravo da índia e tomate) e de um produto sintético na marcação de constituintes sangüineos com tecnécio-99m e na morfologia de hemácias isoladas de sangue de ratos wistar

Paoli, Severo de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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There are strong interests in the evaluation of the biological effects of natural and synthetic products. Blood constituents labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc) are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this work was to study the effects of Clove (Caryophyllus aromaticas L.) and OZE (preparation used in the Health Sciences) on the labeling blood constituents with 99mTc and on the morphologic red blood cells (RBC) and the action of an extract of tomato (TO) on the labeling of blood constituents Blood samples were incubated with clove or OZE or TO, stannous chloride and 99mTc. Plasma (P), blood cells (BC), insoluble fractions (IF) of plasma and blood cells were separated. The radioactivity was counted and percentage of radioactivity (%ATI) to each blood fraction was calculated. The shape and morphometric parameter (perimeter/area ratio) were evaluated in the studies with clove and OZE. Clove extract and OZE altered significantly (p<0.05) the %ATI of blood constituents and the shape of red blood cells. However, clove extract not altered the red blood cells perimeter/area ratio. The tomato extract used at the highest concentrations reduced significantly (p<0.05) the %ATI in IF-P, although this extract did not modify the radiolabeling on BC...

Efeitos de um extrato aquoso de buzhong yi qi wan (fórmula magistral chinesa) na marcação de constituintes sanguíneos com tecnécio-99m, na morfologia e na fragilidade osmótica de hemácias de ratos Wistar

Giani, Tânia Santos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Technetium-99m (99mTc) has been used to obtain several radiobiocomplexes utilized to aid in the diagnosis of diseases. Blood constituents, as red blood cells (RBC) and plasma proteins, have been labeled with 99mTc. Natural and synthetic drugs can alter the labeling of these constituents. The aim of this work was to investigate the possibility of a Buzhong YiQi Wan extract to alter (i) the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc, (ii) the RBC morphology, and (iii) osmotic fragility of RBC withdrawn from Wistar rats. The data showed that the BYQW extract (i) could affect labeling of blood constituintes with 99mTc, (ii) could affect the membrane integrity decreasing the osmotic resistance and (iii) could not alter the shape of RBC. Probably, these findings would be associated with properties of the substances present in the aqueous extract of BYQW. This study has multiple disciplinary aspects in knowledge areas: Radiobiology, Botanic, Phytotherapy and Haematology; A pesquisa em Ciências da Saúde, assim como as avaliações clínicas têm sido favorecidas pelo uso de isótopos radioativos, sendo que o tecnécio-99m (99mTc) tem sido o mais utilizado para obtenção de radiobiocomplexos com finalidade de diagnóstico. Diversas drogas naturais ou sintéticas são capazes de interferir na marcação de estruturas sanguíneas com 99mTc...

Seleção de categorias da Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde para avaliação do paciente com acidente vascular cerebral em reabilitação

Silva, Diana Lídice Araújo da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Stroke represents the first cause of disabilities among adults. Although different professions work together in treatment of stroke patients, all they use different terminologies for the description of the patients problems and it can constitute an impediment in the communication between the staff members. Thus, the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary work would be facilitated if using a reference common tool, as the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). However, the ICF is very extensive and complex and due to its complexity, it has been evidenced the necessity to select its categories to become it more practical. The aim of the study was to investigate which categories of the ICF are more suitable to evaluate and to describe the stroke patient in the view of teachers and municipal public health professionals. It was a descriptive research, which involved 5 professors and 11 professionals of Physiotherapy that have worked at the health public area in Natal / RN. It was used the Delphi Technique in 3 rounds and the Likert Scale to select the categories among the ICF components. As result, from the 362 IFC categories, 94 were selected. The selected categories correspond to rehabilitative characteristics of Stroke patients in the universe of the Physiotherapy performance. The methodology applied was suitable to the studied object emphasizing the necessity of future studies for validation of the chosen categories; O acidente vascular cerebral representa a primeira causa de incapacidade entre adultos. Embora diferentes profissões trabalhem juntas no tratamento dos pacientes com AVC...

Risco de contagio pela HIV e as medidas de biossegurança: Significados atribuídos no kcontexto da formação do profisional de saúde

Bezerra, Valéria Peixoto
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Estudo com abordagem qualititativa, teve como objetivo geral, analisar as representações sociais sobre o risco de contágio do HIV construídas por estudantes universitários portugueses da área de saúde, apontando-se aspectos psicossociais à adoção das medidas de biossegurança. A coleta de dados foi realizada no período de fevereiro a junho de 2007, com a participação total de 486 estudantes da área de saúde de instituições de ensino superior, em Lisboa (Portugal), distribuídos em 248 de Medicina, 168 de Enfermagem e 70 de Medicina Dentária. Os estudantes concordaram em participar da primeira etapa da coleta de dados, constituída por um Teste de Associação Livre de Palavras com seis temas indutores de respostas e um questionário. Na segunda etapa, caracterizada por uma entrevista semi-estruturada , participaram 60 estudantes, sendo 20 de Medicina, 24 de Enfermagem e 16 de Medicina Dentária. Os dados coletados foram processados pelos sofwares SPAD-T e ALCESTE e discutidos com suporte teórico da Teoria das Representações Sociais. Os resultados revelam representações sociais atribuídas ao HIV e aids através das palavras: vírus, incurável, medo, toxicodependencia, discriminação, sofrimento e morte. Ao pensar no cuidado para o paciente...

Associação da frequência alélica dos polimorfismos dos genes do sistema renina angiotensina com a força muscular e pressão arterial de idosas

Oliveira, Hildeamo Bonifácio
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Physiological changes induced by the aging process is dynamic and progressive, reducing the adaptability and independence of older people and may be influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Thus the aim of this thesis was to investigate the association between polymorphism of the ACE gene ID and the phenotypes of muscular strength and blood pressure of 62 elderly Brazilian (67.35 ± 5.66 years) during a 16-week program of supervised training. The elderly women were stratified by age, with the group 1 (G1, n = 34) <70 years and group 2 (G2 n = 28) ≥ 70 years, and in three groups by ACE, ACE-II (n = 8) ACE- DD (n = 35) and ACE-ID (n = 19). The level of muscle strength was evaluated by the method of maximum repetitions and measures of blood pressure (BP) were measured before and after training (PAPré1 and PAPós1) and before and after each training session (PAPre2 and PAPós2), in place of training. DNA samples were isolated from peripheral blood leukocytes polymorphism and insertion / deletion (ID) of the ACE gene (rs1800795) was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) plus PCR-confirmatory. The genotype distribution of the polymorphism ID attended the prerogatives of Hardy-Weitíherg. There was variation in power levels before and after training and the age between groups (t-test) and the ACE polymorphism (ANOVA) (p <0.05). Depending on the results it was concluded that resistance training helps to reduce SBP and increased muscle strength of upper and lower limbs when considering the age and ACE polymorphism. In this study the Elderly carriers of the D allele were more reactive to changes in BP resistance training. This study was multidisciplinary project involving researchers in the areas Medical...

A saúde mental em cursos de graduação na área da saúde em Goiânia/GO interfaces com a Reforma Psiquiátrica e as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais; Mental health in undergraduate health courses in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil its interface with Psychiatric Reform and National Curriculum Guidelines

CARNEIRO, Larissa Arbués
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Dissertation Thesis consisting of two steps each article format. The first, a bibliographic search, sought to understand the scientific literature in national periodicals on the teaching of mental health in undergraduate in health courses. The consultation was held in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) for publications between April 2001 to December 2009, twenty-six articles were the corpus of the study and their data were identified through a protocol. The results indicate that were more frequent papers published in 2005, authorship of nursing and studies of reporting experience type. The reports have revealed a trend of changes in educational practices. Despite the strong influence of biomedical model focusing psychopathologic, currently converge the theoretical framework of Collective Health and Psychiatric Reform, as well as the diversification of practice scenarios and development of communication and relationship skills in students, themes been underwritten by axis of interdisciplinarity and by humanizing, de-institutionalisation and subjectivity and rights of citizenship. Before this movement for change, the second step of the search sought to describe the insertion of the theme in local context, for both were investigated mental health disciplines in Nursing...

Prevenção do Câncer do Colo do Útero na Estratégia Saúde da Família: contribuições para a capacitação do Agente Comunitário de Saúde; Prevention of Uterine Cervical Cancer in The Family Health Program: contributions to the empowerment of the Community Health Agent.

Ferreira, Tatyana Xavier Almeida Matteucci
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Introduction: Uterine cervical cancer (UCC) is the second most common malignancy among women in Brazil, the main strategy for early detection of premalignant lesions is the cytopathology. Despite the existence of the screening program there was no reduction in the incidence and mortality rate of UCC in Brazil. The Family Health Strategy has the potential to work in the organization of UCC screening and in this context, one should consider that the Community Health Agents (CHA) play a central role. Objective: Contribute to the training of CHA in preventing UCC. Methodology: Intervention study conducted with the CHA from Goiânia-GO. The training of CHA on the prevention of UCC was conducted. During the training structured questionnaires were used to collect data. For statistical analysis, all variables were evaluated descriptively by calculating the absolute and relative frequencies. Knowledge of CHA on UCC preventing practices before and after training was compared by the McNemar test, adopting a 5% error. Results: There was a lack of knowledge of CHA about the prevention of UCC before the training. We observed the improvement of knowledge after the training, especially in relation to the purpose of cytopathology, the proper preparation of women for their achievement...

Implantação de uma Unidade Sentinela Centro de Referência em Medicina Internacional e de Viagem no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás (HC / UFG); Introduction of Sentinel Unit Reference Center in International and Travel Medicine in General Hospital at Federal University of Goiás.

AIRES, Leticia Mara Conceição
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Introduction: The number of domestic and international travel has increased in past years. This way, Travel Medicine, has become an important subject, with the emergence of services that provide health care to travelers. Objective: To evaluate strategies used in deploying Sentinel Unit Reference Center for International and Travel Medicine at the HC / UFG. Methods: First approach: Systematic Review of Literature using the keywords: "Travel and medicine", "Travel and prevention", "Travel and Disease and Medicine" and "Traveler and medicine . Then were selected articles in English, Spanish and Portuguese, from 2004 to 2008. Second approach: a descriptive, qualitative and quantitative, with evaluation of actions taken during the period preceding the implementation of the Unit. Results: In the literature review were found 1,301 articles, and 72 included for analysis, we observed that malaria is the most studied disease, the main preventive measures discussed are chemoprophylaxis for malaria and vaccination. Health professionals working in Travel Medicine are general practitioners, pharmacists and nurses in various parts of the world, and among the obstacles we stress the lack of information in travelers, the lack of professional preparation and last-minute travelers. In a qualitative and quantitative research was performed a retrospective study in which differences were observed between physicians at the General Hospital and the tropical Diseases Hospital...

Encontro do Paciente surdo que usa língua de sinais com os profissionais da saúde; Meeting Patient deaf using sign language with health professionals

CHAVEIRO, Neuma
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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This dissertation was built in the modality scientific article and it has three articles: the first and second ones of systematic revision of literature about the theme of the study and the third article consist of the experimental part of the dissertation. The first article, accepted in Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, has as title Literature Revision about the attendance of the deaf patient by health professionals, with emphasis on the communication between deaf patient and health professional. In the second one, accepted to publish in Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia and entitled Relation between deaf patient and the doctor, the legal and sociocultural aspects of the relation between deaf patient and the doctor were presented. The third article, submitted to Revista de Saúde Pública, with the title Meeting of deaf patient who uses sign language with health professionals, has as content the object of this dissertation and has as purpose to evaluate the meeting of the deaf patient who use sign language with health. It was developed in a qualitative approach, of descriptive-analytical nature. Eleven deaf people, who use the Brazilian Sign Language to communicate, including 8 males and 3 females, with ages between 19 and 36 years old...

Prevalência de fatores de risco cardiovasclar em idosos usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde em Goiânia-GO; Prevalence of risk factors in elderly cardiovasclar users of the Unified Health System in Goiânia-GO

FERREIRA, Carla Cristina da Conceição
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Introduction: cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) are highly prevalent in and have an impact on elderly people s morbidity and mortality which is still unknown among elderly users of the National Health System (SUS). Objective: to investigate the prevalence of CVRFs in elderly basic care users in the Goiânia, Goiás SUS. Methodology: a cross-sectional study with multi-stage sampling; a household survey of 418 people over 60 years old who were SUS basic care users in Goiânia. Socio-economic, demographic, lifestyle, weight, height, waist circumference, blood pressure and medication use data were collected. The CVRFs under investigation were arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, total obesity, central obesity, dyslipedemias, smoking, sedentarism and alcohol consumption. The Chi-square test was used to analyze associations at a 5% level of significance. Results: the prevalences for CVRFs were 80.4% for arterial hypertension, 83.3% for central obesity, 59.8% for sedentarism, 32.2% for total obesity, 23.4% for dyslipidemias, 19.1% for diabetes mellitus, 10.0% for smoking and 5.9% for alcohol consumption. As far simultaneity is concerned, 2.4% of the elderly did not present any CVRFs. The simultaneity of three or more CVRFs occurred in 65% of the elderly people in the study and was more frequent among women. Conclusion: the CVRFs occurred simultaneously in more than half of the elderly under study. The most prevalent CVRFs were arterial hypertension...

Conhecimento dos profissionais e usuários da atenção básica sobre a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica; Knowledge of professional and users of primary care about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Queiroz, Maria Conceição de Castro Antonelli Monteiro de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Chronic respiratory diseases represent a major public health problem worldwide. Affect quality of life, physical disability and generating large socioeconomic impact. Often chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is underdiagnosed. Delayed diagnosis may be related to inappropriate use of diagnoses and / or procedures lack of knowledge about the disease among health professionals and the general population. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and factors associated with awareness of COPD among health professionals and primary care SUS users of a city of the Midwest factors. Methods: The study was analytical, observational, cross-sectional, conducted in basic health units, comprising the Health Centers (CS) and 26 Family Health Centers (CSF). Health professionals and users were interviewed using adapted with open and closed questions form. To assess knowledge of COPD among users of the units, we used an adapted structured form. 674 users, 95 doctors, 62 nurses and 30 managers in 12 CS and 26 CSF were interviewed between May 2013 and February 2014 Results: Of the 674 users interviewed, 84.3% reported knowing the term or the term COPD pulmonary emphysema; 9.2% reported knowing the term COPD. Dyspnea was the most frequent symptom attributed to COPD (70.6%). Regarding the main sources of knowledge about COPD...

Perfil sociodemográfico e sentimentos vividos gestantes com malformação fetal; Analysis of the profile and feelings lived by pregnant women with fetal malformation

Andrade, Margareth Novais de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The diagnosis of congenital anomalies brings some consequences to the life of pregnant women. One of them is related to the emotional aspect. The social support connection between patient and multi-professional team reveals to be one of the fundamental strategies to reduce the incidence of aggravations to the health of the pregnant women, considering the fact that, from that, they begin to be monitored by a variety of professionals in different fields of study. Goals: Rework theoretically the most important aspects on the studies of congenital malformation and the feelings lived by those pregnant women; Embrace, from the active research of the patients taken in the Fetal Malformation Ambulatory of the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Goiás, the feelings most common in the post-diagnostic of fetal deformity and characterize them social and demographically. Methods: Initially, it was developed a literature rework article. On the article, some data was used as reference, such as: Pub-Med, Wiley on Line Library, Science Direct, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) e Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), and also publications from the period within 1984 and 2013. Later on...

Associação entre os polimorfismos genéticos rs15763 e rs1800849 do gene UCP3 e a redução da força da preensão palmar em adultos; Association between genetic polymorphisms rs1800849 and rs15763 of UCP3 gene and the reduc-tion of hand grip strength in adults

Cruz, Raphael Silva da
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The increase of the elderly population requires the development of strategies to minimize the negative effects of advancing chronological age in the body. The sarcopenia is one of the main changes observed in aging that causes loss of muscle strength. The assessment of hand grip strength (HGS) is an important variable to estimate the impairment of overall muscular strength of a person and is used as an indicator in several countries. Has been highlighted the genetic susceptibility studies underlying the aging phenomenon. In this context, the objective of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between the SNPs rs1800849 and rs15763 of UCP3 gene and the HGS in adults. This study was a cross-sectional that included 161 individuals from Goiás population, who underwent an evaluation of HGS, and the collection of biological samples for genotyping by qPCR of polymorphic sites rs15763 and rs1800849 of UCP3 gene. Of the participants, 69.9% were women. The mean age was 50.5 (± 19.9) years and the HGS was 29.7 (± 14.6) kgf. We observed a negative and statistically significant correlation between FPP and age (r = -0.55; p≤0,0001). Regarding the polymorphism CC individuals were stronger than those individuals TT + CT for both SNPs. The maximum of HGS was between 30 to 50 years. The greatest decrease of HGS/ year was associated with genotypes that had the T allele for both SNPs studied. Individuals who presented the T allele in rs18949 had 1...

Análise da atenção básica à saúde do idoso na estratégia saúde da família; Analysis of primary care health of elderly in family health strategy

ARAÚJO, Maria Aparecida da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The study focused on the health care of the elderly, more specifically in Family health strategy as a way of thinking about alternatives that allow the reorganization of elderly care to adscritas areas. Processorsthe General was discussing the basic attention actions offered to the elderly in context family health strategy. Search descriptive exploratory in nature,- qualitative basic performed with professionals that comprise health team family doctors, nurses, technicians, nurses and community agents health in the municipality of Aparecida de Goiânia, goaiz. For data collection were the focal group technique and the data were analysed in categories as Bardin. The results suggest that prospects strengthen the professional aspects in family health care to the elderly, while showing some limitations of the elderly in the team. The team's contribution family health was significant health care of the elderly be reconsidered by professionals and managers for the operationalization of education These professional standing. It was concluded that the multidisciplinary actions are present in health promotion, both in the basic unit in address through talks, walks, assistance activities Prevention and control of diseases, although realize difficulties operacionalizá them. The insertion of the elderly in some family health teams occurs through attractive activities forming your social network participation activities outside of the health unit...

Qualidade de vida de quem cuida de portadores de demência com Corpos de Lewy; Quality of life of caregivers of people with dementia with Lewy bodies

NASCIMENTO, Eberson da Silva Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.76%
Dementia is a neurodegenerative syndrome by impressive and also by the high occurrence rates of morbidity in caregivers. Dementia with Lewy bodies is a complex neuropsychiatric frame member, considered the second cause of degenerative dementia in the elderly, and resulting impact on quality of life in caregivers. The objectives of this study were to identify in the literature, the impact of caregiving on the quality of life for caregivers of a patient with dementia to describe the strategies used by health professionals and researchers in Brazil or to mitigate the negative impacts of caring for the patient dementia and assessing quality of life for families living with and caring for patients with dementia with Lewy bodies. It was initially performed an integrative review the electronic databases of the National Library of Medicine (PubMed) and Latin American Health Sciences (LILACS), the interval from 1999 to 2010. Then a cross-sectional study evaluated 90 caregivers of patients with dementia with Lewy bodies, responding to a sociodemographic questionnaire and the instrument for assessing the quality of life, WHOQOL-BREF. The integrative review included 19 articles, showing that despite high rates of stress, anxiety and physical and mental burden of home caregivers of patients with dementia...

Análise das condições de saúde ocular da população atendida no centro de referência em oftalmologia do hospital das clínicas/UFG; analysis of the heath conditions of the population treated at ophthalmology reference center for the clinical hospital UFG

ROCHA, Maria Nice Araujo Moraes
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
105.81%
There are few studies of epidemiological research in of Ophthalmology with the population of center-western Brazil. In order to identify the prevalence of the of eye diseases in the region, and specifically in Goiania and Goiás, that impact on blindness and visual impairment, this study analyzed 10,060 records randomly selected from patients seen at the Reference Center for Ophthalmology School of Medicine Federal University of Goiás ((CEROF/UFG), in From April 2009 to March 2010. There was a profile analysis of ocular morbidity in the target population in relation to disease group, acuity, age, sex and region of origin. The study also covered the distribution of queries in the four quarters of the year, elective and urgent, and the degree of visual impairment in the bands visual impairment and blindness. The predominant diseases in elective care in relation to the total sample of 10,060 patients were cataract (7.24%), pterygium (6.77%), allergic conjunctivitis (3.70%), dry eye (3,36%) , diseases of the retina and vitreous (3.23%), strabismus (2.64%) and glaucoma (1.94%). In urgent care were the most prevalent extraocular foreign body (25.5%), infectious conjunctivitis (23.6%), keratitis and and corneal ulcer (11.3%), pterygium and pingueculite (5.3%) and sub conjuntival hemorrhage (4.0%). There was higher prevalence of sex female (63.1%) and ages between 0-14 (26...

Registro eletrônico em saúde: proposta de um modelo de informação para uso na atenção primária com vistas à interoperabilidade; Electronic health record: proposed an information model for use in primary care with a view to interoperability

Braga, Renata Dutra
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
105.8%
There are various health information systems in use in the country, which serve different purposes, but are not interoperable. To ensure interoperability in the development of a model that serves different health professions was held this research, which aimed to define a conceptual model for the registration of health information in primary care. Methods: This action research with analytical approach was held in conjunction with a panel of experts to represent the health professions recognized by the National Health Council (CNS), which through discussion meetings identified and systematized essential information needed to evaluate the overall health of individual, in the context of multidisciplinary primary care demands generating a preliminary model. This model was validated by Delphi method and a consensus model was proposed. Results: The conceptual model to health information registration obtained goes beyond the demands of administration, since its focus is the individual - source of all the information that generates health demands. The central structure of the information registry model comprised four groups of information, which were called pillars: Data Gathering, Diagnosis, Care Plan and Evaluation. Each of these pillars presented subgroups important to the different professions...

Determinação da idade dental de crianças brasileiras nordestinas: novos valores de conversão de maturidade dental para população específica

Maia, Maria Cristina Germano
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.74%
Since Demirjian's system of estimating dental maturity was first described, many researchers from different countries have tested its accuracy among diverse populations. Some of these studies have pointed out a need to determine population-specific standards. In Brazil, the Northeast region is the one that most suffers the negative impact of exodus, specially related to the increase of abandoned children in the cities. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of Demirjian's system for assessing the dental maturity of northeastern Brazilian children, so as to present a scale for maturity score conversion into dental age developed specifically for this population. This could be used for forensic, anthropological and legal matters, and also as a model for other countries attempting to formulate their own conversion scales. Panoramic radiographs of 1,491 children (821 females and 670 males), aged 7 to 13 years, from Ceará state, northeast Brazil, were assessed by a single observer to determine dental age (DA) according to Demirjian's system. The mean percentage of intra-observer agreement was 86.6%, with a mean Cohen's Kappa coefficient of 0.67 (substantial agreement). The DA was compared by paired t-test to subjects' chronological age (CA). The differences between CA and DA in all age groups were statistically significant (p<0.0001)...