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Veterinary controls at border inspection posts in the Netherlands

Rebelo, Carlos José Branquinho
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2008 ENG
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26.88%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; The trade between the European Community and third countries, as well as among Member States, of animal products or products of animal origin and live animals, is detailed by an ample collection of harmonized laws and regulations, allowing a similar approach from the competent authorities of the Member States. The referred imports may only enter the Community territory through approved points of entry, the “Border Inspection Post” (BIP), where official veterinary checks are carried out to arriving consignments. BIPs must, to be approved and listed, comply with the general conditions set down in Community legislation, and such compliance is regularly evaluated by the Food and Veterinary Office in inspections carried out in the Member States. Two of the busiest BIPs in Europe are located in the Netherlands, in Rotterdam’s harbour and in Amsterdam’s airport (Schiphol). These are supervised by the Dutch Competent Central Authority, the Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (VWA). The veterinary checks to perform vary from consignment to consignment, according to their origin, type and purpose of usage. Such controls are supported by a number of electronic programs and interfaces that provide updated information over the consignment in hand. This thesis expects to describe the veterinary checks carried out at Dutch BIPs...

Three year follow up of patients with raised blood pressure identified at health checks in general practice.

Mant, D.; McKinlay, C.; Fuller, A.; Randall, T.; Fullard, E. M.; Muir, J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/05/1989 EN
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OBJECTIVE--To assess the extent of three year follow up of blood pressure, weight, and smoking habit in patients with raised blood pressure identified at health checks. DESIGN--Retrospective audit of medical and nursing records. SETTING--Three general practices in Oxfordshire. PATIENTS--386 of 448 patients with raised blood pressure (diastolic greater than or equal to 90 or systolic greater than or equal to 160 mm Hg) identified from 2935 patients aged 35-64 attending health checks in 1982-4. MEASUREMENTS and MAIN RESULTS--All records of blood pressure, weight, and smoking habit in the medical record were abstracted for three years after the initial health check. All 42 patients with an initial diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 105 mm Hg and 316 of 344 patients with an initial pressure of 90-104 mm Hg had at least one further measurement of their blood pressure. Follow up of smoking habit and of weight was less complete with only half of the 100 smokers and 67 of the 87 obese patients (body mass index greater than or equal to 30) having any documented follow up of these risk factors. Annual follow up in the second and third years occurred in 228/297 (76.8%) and 232/320 (72.5%) in patients with blood pressure greater than 95 mm Hg at the beginning of each year. For patients who smoked annual follow up in these years occurred in fewer than a third and for those who were obese in just over half. On the assumption that those not followed up had not changed...

The Utility and Effectiveness of 15-minute Checks in Inpatient Settings

Jayaram, Geetha; Sporney, Hilary; Perticone, Pamela
Fonte: Matrix Medical Communications Publicador: Matrix Medical Communications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2010 EN
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Implementing harm reduction is among the administrative tasks used for maintaining a safe unit for psychiatric in-patients. Such harm may be potentially caused by patients themselves or others. Included in nursing procedures implemented for observing suicidal patients is the practice of 15-minute checks. In reviewing the standard forms used for such procedures in several major hospitals across the United States, we noticed a wide variation in the format and use of 15-minute checks, as well as poor guidelines for their termination. We recommend that the observation practice of 15-minute checks be eliminated from the repertoire of nursing protocols for suicidal patients who are assessed to be at imminent risk for self harm on inpatient units.

Training Neural Networks for Reading Handwritten Amounts on Checks

Gupta, Amar; Palacios, Rafael
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 340466 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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While reading handwritten text accurately is a difficult task for computers, the conversion of handwritten papers into digital format is necessary for automatic processing. Since most bank checks are handwritten, the number of checks is very high, and manual processing involves significant expenses, many banks are interested in systems that can read check automatically. This paper presents several approaches to improve the accuracy of neural networks used to read unconstrained numerals in the courtesy amount field of bank checks.

Consistency checks in decision analysis

Outten, Juliet Leigh, 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 82 leaves; 3025995 bytes; 3034863 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
EN_US
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Given the range of events that can occur at a nuclear power plant throughout its lifetime, the appropriate course of action associated with addressing these events is equally variant. While the issues concerning quantification of the frequency associated with these events can be addressed using reliability models or PSA, the actual path and decisions made concerning the appropriate outcome is not readily obvious. Decisions are made on the basis of importance of cost, health and safety to the decision maker. These decisions include external influences, such as regulation and media attention, as well as internal influences. Using a formalized decision making process, the importance of these factors to the decision maker can be determined utilizing sets of weights and values for cost, health and safety (performance measures). Having assigned weights and values to each performance measure, an integral part of the decision making process is comparing assigned values to ensure consistency. It is useful to examine the "value of a life" in order to perform these consistency or "sanity checks." A case study is performed on decision making for a nuclear power plant and presented reflecting the data collection process for formal decision making with the aid of consistency checks. The formal decision methodology is completed by the consistency checks. Having established consistency checks and completed the analysis through their use...

Beyond Legal Origin and Checks and Balances : Political Credibility, Citizen Information, and Financial Sector Development

Keefer, Philip
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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The existing literature emphasizes and contrasts the role of political checks and balances and legal origin in determining the pace of financial sector development. This paper expands substantially on one aspect of this debate: the fact that government actions that promote financial sector development, whether prudent financial regulation or secure property and contract rights, are public goods and sensitive to political incentives to provide public goods. Tests of hypotheses emanating from this argument yield four new conclusions. First, two key determinants of those incentives-the credibility of pre-electoral political promises and citizen information about politician decisions-systematically promote financial sector development. Second, these political factors, along with political checks and balances, operate in part through their influence on the security of property rights, an argument asserted but not previously tested. Third, contrary to findings elsewhere in the literature, the political determinants of financial sector development are significant even in the presence of controls for legal origin. Finally...

Checks and Balances, Private Information, and the Credibility of Monetary Commitments

Keefer, Philip; Stasavage, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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36.75%
The authors develop and test several new hypotheses about the anti-inflationary effect of central bank independence and exchange rate pegs in the context of different institutions and different degrees of citizen information about government policies. Theory provides strong reason to believe that while central bank independence will prove more effective as a commitment mechanism in countries where multiple players in government have veto power (checks and balances), the number of veto players will have no effect on the credibility of exchange rate pegs. Conversely, the authors argue that central bank independence does not solve the problems of commitment that arise when citizens are imperfectly informed about the contribution of government policy to inflation. Exchange rate pegs, however, mitigate these problems. The authors present extensive evidence from cross-country tests using newly developed data that provide strong support for their propositions.

Effectiveness of general practice-based health checks: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Si, S.; Moss, J.R.; Sullivan, T.R.; Newton, S.S.; Stocks, N.P.
Fonte: Royal College of General Practitioners Publicador: Royal College of General Practitioners
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
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26.97%
BACKGROUND: A recent review concluded that general health checks fail to reduce mortality in adults. AIM: This review focuses on general practice-based health checks and their effects on both surrogate and final outcomes. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. METHOD: Relevant data were extracted from randomised trials comparing the health outcomes of general practice-based health checks versus usual care in middle-aged populations. RESULTS: Six trials were included. The end-point differences between the intervention and control arms in total cholesterol (TC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), and body mass index (BMI) were -0.13 mmol/l (95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.19 to -0.07), -3.65 mmHg (95% CI = -6.50 to -0.81), -1.79 mmHg (95% CI = -2.93 to -0.64), and -0.45 kg/m(2) (95% CI = -0.66 to -0.24), respectively. The odds of a patient remaining at 'high risk' with elevated TC, SBP, DBP, BMI or continuing smoking were 0.63 (95% CI = 0.50 to 0.79), 0.59 (95% CI = 0.28 to 1.23), 0.63 (95% CI = 0.53 to 0.74), 0.89 (95% CI = 0.81 to 0.98), and 0.91 (95% CI = 0.82 to 1.02), respectively. There was little evidence of a difference in total mortality (OR 1.03...

When Do Special Interests Run Rampant? Disentangling the Role in Banking Crises of Elections, Incomplete Information, and Checks and Balances

Keefer, Philip
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
EN_US
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The author investigates the political determinants of government decisions that benefit special interest groups - especially government decisions to deal with banking crises. He finds that the better informed the voters, the more proximate elections, and the larger the number of political veto players ( conditional on the costs to voters of relevant policy decision), the smaller the government's fiscal transfer are to the financial sector and the less likely the government is to exercise forbearance in dealing with insolvent financial institutions. The results suggest that policies that might be appropriate for mitigating banking crises in the United States might be less effective in settings where voters are less informed, where elections are less competitive, and where there are fewer veto players, because in these settings checks and balances are missing. These policies include: a) Disseminating information about the costs of inefficient government decisions. b) Improving the structure of legislative regulatory oversight. c) Intervening early in insolvent banks. The author concludes that the more veto players there are, the less likely policies are to favor special interest groups (contrary to previous views). Moreover, the closer the elections...

Numerical study of the influence of veneer lathe checks on the elastic mechanical properties of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) made of beech

POT, Guillaume; DENAUD, Louis; COLLET, Robert
Fonte: De Gruyter Publicador: De Gruyter
EN
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Laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is a well-known high-performance engineered wood product suitable for structural applications. However, the peeling process can induce lathe checks of the veneer with various depth and spatial frequencies. In this study, a finite element model (FEM) is proposed to describe and to analyze the influence of veneer lathe checks on the elastic properties of LVL. Firstly, the typical lathe check depths and frequencies were determined by means of different compression rates of the pressure bar when peeling. These experimental results served as input to the model to compare the influence of check depth and frequency on the elastic behavior of an LVL beam in four-point bending. The checks were modeled as free spaces in the cross-section that can be partially filled with glue. The results show that the longitudinal modulus of elasticity is marginally affected by checking, while the shear rigidity of the LVL beam is significantly reduced in edgewise bending if checks are not glued. Gluing checks, even under consideration of a low Young’s modulus of glue, highly reduces the effect of checking on the elastic mechanical properties of LVL.

Online control of wood peeling process: acoustical and vibratory measurements of lathe checks frequency

DENAUD, Louis; BLERON, Laurent; RATLE, Alain; MARCHAL, Rémy
Fonte: EDP Sciences Publicador: EDP Sciences
EN
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36.88%
In the course of most wood machining processes, operators are usually able to detect various problems simply by hearing the sound emitted by the process. This is especially true for wood peeling. Lathe checks formation has been identified as one of the typical situations that an experimented peeler can detect. Poplar and beech veneer samples have been produced on a laboratory microlathe, using working conditions deliberately favourable to checking. Forces, sound, and vibration levels were measured during the tests. The lathe check frequencies have been determined on both sound and vibration signals using a local Root Mean Square (RMS) averaging and a peak detection algorithm. This makes possible the evaluation of lathe checks distribution along the veneer length. The technique was validated by measuring the real veneer profile using a specific apparatus developed by IVALSA-CNR in Trento (Italy).; The veneer characterization was realized during a short term scientific mission supported by the COST Action E35.

Registration health checks: inverse care in the inner city?

Griffiths, C; Cooke, S; Toon, P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1994 EN
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BACKGROUND. Attendance at health checks of patients already registered with a general practitioner is known to be poor, with those in need least likely to attend. Little is known of the efficacy of such checks for newly registered patients. AIM. This study set out to determine the characteristics of attenders and non-attenders at health checks for patients registering with a general practitioner in east London, and the effect of health checks on motivation to change unhealthy lifestyles. METHOD. A questionnaire analysis was carried out of patients aged 16 years and over at registration and after a health check in seven east London training practices. Questionnaires asked about personal background and lifestyle including smoking status, alcohol intake, diet, weight, exercise, cervical smear uptake, and motivation to change unhealthy aspects of lifestyle. RESULTS. Questionnaires were offered to 356 patients registering with the practices, of whom 101 declined or returned inadequate data. Of the remaining 255 patients, 118 (46%) attended a health check with 113 completing a second questionnaire after the check. Non-attenders were significantly more likely than attenders to be of lower social class, unemployed, of African origin and to be heavy smokers. Women who did not attend were significantly less likely than attenders to have had a cervical smear within the last three years. Non-attending mothers were significantly more likely than attending mothers to be single parents. Motivation among attenders to stop smoking and drink less alcohol was increased significantly after the health check. CONCLUSION. Attendance at registration health checks at these practices was poor and non-attenders tended to be more socially deprived than attenders and had relatively unhealthy lifestyles. Although the health checks increased the attenders' motivation to alter smoking and drinking habits...

Health checks on patients 75 years and over in Nottinghamshire after the new GP contract.

Brown, K.; Williams, E. I.; Groom, L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/09/1992 EN
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27.16%
OBJECTIVE--To investigate annual health checks for patients of 75 years and over required by the 1990 contract for general practitioners. DESIGN--Visits to practices to collect information on how assessments were organised and carried out; completion of questionnaires for every patient who had been assessed in a sample month, using information provided by the practice records. SETTING--20 general practices in one family health services authority. SUBJECTS--Patients of 75 years and over in 20 general practices. RESULTS--Three practices (15%) had not performed checks. Thirteen practices sent a letter to invite patients to undergo a check. Of these practices, seven followed up non-responders. Two practices visited patients' homes unannounced, and two did checks on an opportunistic basis only. Sixteen practices used a checklist. Sixteen practices involved their practice nurses; at eight of these, doctors also performed checks; in six practices the nurses undertaking the checks had no training in assessing old people. Ten practices assessed more than 75% of their old people in the first year of the new contract. Practices that did not follow up patients who had not responded to the invitation for assessment completed significantly fewer checks. During the sample month...

Impact of redundant checks on the LP decoding thresholds of LDPC codes

Bazzi, Louay; Audah, Hani
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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27.13%
Feldman et al.(2005) asked whether the performance of the LP decoder can be improved by adding redundant parity checks to tighten the LP relaxation. We prove that for LDPC codes, even if we include all redundant checks, asymptotically there is no gain in the LP decoder threshold on the BSC under certain conditions on the base Tanner graph. First, we show that if the graph has bounded check-degree and satisfies a condition which we call asymptotic strength, then including high degree redundant checks in the LP does not significantly improve the threshold in the following sense: for each constant delta>0, there is a constant k>0 such that the threshold of the LP decoder containing all redundant checks of degree at most k improves by at most delta upon adding to the LP all redundant checks of degree larger than k. We conclude that if the graph satisfies a rigidity condition, then including all redundant checks does not improve the threshold of the base LP. We call the graph asymptotically strong if the LP decoder corrects a constant fraction of errors even if the LLRs of the correct variables are arbitrarily small. By building on the work of Feldman et al.(2007) and Viderman(2013), we show that asymptotic strength follows from sufficiently large expansion. We also give a geometric interpretation of asymptotic strength in terms pseudocodewords. We call the graph rigid if the minimum weight of a sum of check nodes involving a cycle tends to infinity as the block length tends to infinity. Under the assumptions that the graph girth is logarithmic and the minimum check degree is at least 3...

Better Me Wellness Checks (Ppt Presentation)

Stojkovic, Michael
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
EN_US
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36.75%
Better Me Wellness Checks PPt Presentation on 10/31/2013

AAUP Comments on Faculty Background Checks

AAUP
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Outros
EN_US
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AAUP Comments on Faculty Background Checks

Automated measurement of checks at wood surfaces

Christy, Andrew; Senden, Timothy; Evans, Philip David
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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37.09%
Surface checking often disfigures the appearance of wood, but methods of accurately and rapidly measuring checking in wood are not well developed. This paper describes the principal features of a software package that measures the dimensions and numbers of checks in scanned images of weathered wood surfaces. Procedures within the program analyze images searching for brightness minima that satisfy criteria that are characteristic of checks. A black-and-white image is then produced in which checks are shown black on a white background. Further procedures reduce noise in the black-and-white image eliminating artifacts and small checks invisible to the naked eye. The final stage of the analysis identifies and labels checks and quantifies their positions, sizes and shape. Using this software it has been possible to successfully quantify checking in a range of preservative treated wood specimens that have been subjected to natural weathering. The advantages of the system for quantifying checking in wood as well as its limitations are discussed.

Enhanced invitation methods to increase uptake of NHS health checks: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Forster, Alice S.; Burgess, Caroline; McDermott, Lisa; Wright, Alison J.; Dodhia, Hiten; Conner, Mark; Miller, Jane; Rudisill, Caroline; Cornelius, Victoria; Gulliford, Martin C.
Fonte: BioMed Central Ltd. Publicador: BioMed Central Ltd.
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2014 EN; EN
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Background: NHS Health Checks is a new program for primary prevention of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and vascular dementia in adults aged 40 to 74 years in England. Individuals without existing cardiovascular disease or diabetes are invited for a Health Check every 5 years. Uptake among those invited is lower than anticipated.Method: The project is a three-arm randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that enhanced invitation methods, using the Question-Behaviour Effect (QBE), will increase uptake of NHS Health Checks compared with a standard invitation. Participants comprise individuals eligible for an NHS Health Check registered in two London boroughs. Participants are randomized into one of three arms. Group A receives the standard NHS Health Check invitation letter, information sheet, and reminder letter at 12 weeks for nonattenders. Group B receives a QBE questionnaire 1 week before receiving the standard invitation, information sheet, and reminder letter where appropriate. Group C is the same as Group B, but participants are offered a £5 retail voucher if they return the questionnaire. Participants are randomized in equal proportions, stratified by general practice. The primary outcome is uptake of NHS Health Checks 6 months after invitation from electronic health records. We will estimate the incremental health service cost per additional completed Health Check for trial groups B and C versus trial arm A...

Constitutionalism and Checks and Balances: theory and empirical research; Constitucionalismo y controles y equilibrios: la teoría y la investigación empírica; Constitucionalismo e Checks and Balances: teoria e pesquisa empírica [doi: 10.7443/problemata.v4i1.13223]

Melo, Vilma Felipe Costa de; Araújo, Cletiane Medeiros; Costa, Saulo Felipe
Fonte: Universidade Federal da Paraíba -UFPB Publicador: Universidade Federal da Paraíba -UFPB
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/06/2013 POR
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36.97%
The freedom in the modern state is backed by law, the fulfillment of what isprovided by law is that it provides direct security to citizens and gives confidence to the States. The institution of the national constitution is central in this discussion,given that this is the law made ​​to last, functioning as a mechanism of checks and balances. This article addresses this issue through a theoretical and empiricalflyby, bringing to discuss issues and concepts fundamental to the understanding of contemporary democratic theory.; La libertad en el Estado moderno está respaldado por la ley, el cumplimiento de lo dispuesto por la ley es que proporciona una seguridad directa a los ciudadanos yda confianza a los Estados. La institución de la constitución nacional es central en esta discusión, dado que esta es la ley hecha para durar, que funciona como un mecanismo de frenos y contrapesos. En este artículo se aborda esta cuestión a través de un sobrevuelo teórico y empírico...

INGENIERÍA CONSTITUCIONAL LA EVOLUCIÓN DEL CHECKS AND BALANCES EN EL ESTADO SOCIAL DE DERECHO

Chaux Donado,Francisco José
Fonte: Vniversitas Publicador: Vniversitas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 ES
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La separación de poderes y el checks and balances son considerados como elementos esenciales del Estado de derecho moderno, presupuesto sin el cual no podemos siquiera considerar la existencia de una Constitución. Pero en la actualidad no solo le exigimos al Estado una abstención en su actuar, sino que con frecuencia resulta necesaria una realización positiva del establecimiento público, en virtud de la cual se dé la consecución efectiva de los derechos. En el presente artículo se pretende buscar la armonía entre el Estado social de derecho y la figura de la separación de poderes y el checks and balances, procurando un entendimiento compatible entre la forma, razón y significado -en constante evolución-, que debe dársele a las figuras que limitan el poder; de tal manera que estos sean compatibles con la necesidad de un actuar positivo por parte del Estado. Concluye este artículo con la idea de que el valor de la separación de poderes y del checks and balances es un Deus ex machina, ya que la importancia de la figura no surge de un diseño abstracto, sino de la estructuración funcional de los elementos que integran la organización estatal en virtud de la cual se construye una maquinaria constitucional efectiva, reflejándose en una organización eficiente para la realización del Estado social de derecho.