Página 1 dos resultados de 6978 itens digitais encontrados em 0.154 segundos

Desenvolvimento cooperativo de coleções de revistas científicas na Rede Brasileira de Informação em Ciências da Saúde.; Cooperative Development of Journals Collections in the Brazilian Network on Health Sciences Information.

Taruhn, Rosane
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/03/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.48%
TARUHN, Rosane. Desenvolvimento cooperativo de coleções de revistas científicas na Rede Brasileira de Informação em Ciências da Saúde. São Paulo, 2007. Dissertação (Mestrado) - Escola de Comunicações e Artes. Universidade de São Paulo. A partir da observação das mudanças sociais no final de século XX, em grande parte decorrentes dos avanços da tecnologia, esta pesquisa apresenta um breve histórico do surgimento de livros e revistas científicas até os dias atuais. Descreve os processos do trabalho de desenvolvimento de coleções em bibliotecas, destacando a importância desses, assim como da formalização de política com a finalidade de tornar claros os valores considerados, de acordo com o perfil dos usuários. Inclui aspectos de ações em cooperação no desenvolvimento de coleções de revistas científicas e de programas de assinaturas e acesso a estas no Brasil. Objetivo: Analisar os processos de desenvolvimento de coleções de revistas científicas, nas bibliotecas cooperantes da Rede Brasileira de Informação em Ciências da Saúde, coordenada pela BIREME, e identificar rumos do desenvolvimento cooperativo dessas coleções diante das novas tecnologias. Método: Questionário estruturado e publicado na Web para ser respondido por 45 bibliotecas cooperantes do Catálogo Coletivo SeCS (Seriados em Ciências da Saúde) no Portal de Revistas da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS). Resultados: Dos questionários enviados 60% foram respondidos. A tabulação das respostas permitiu verificar...

Nutritional status of breastfed infants in rural Zambia: comparison of the National Center for Health Statistics growth reference versus the WHO 12-month breastfed pooled data set.

Hautvast, J. L.; Pandor, A.; Burema, J.; Tolboom, J. J.; Chishimba, N.; Monnens, L. A.; van Staveren, W. A.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.5%
Cross-sectional data for breastfed infants in rural Zambia were used to evaluate the effect of applying two different data sets as a reference, i.e. the WHO 12-month breastfed pooled data set and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) growth reference in terms of prevalence of malnutrition (stunting, underweight, and wasting). A total of 518 infants who were attending mother-and-child health clinics were included. Age, weight and length were recorded. Anthropometric Z-scores were calculated in two ways: by applying the NCHS growth reference and by using the WHO breastfed data set. Anthropometric Z-scores calculated using the breastfed data set were lower during the first 6-7 months of life compared with those calculated by applying the NCHS growth reference. This resulted in a higher proportion of children aged 0-6 months being classified as stunted and underweight using the breastfed data set versus the NCHS growth reference. After the age of 7 months, similar prevalences of stunting or underweight were observed. Relatively few infants were classified as wasted. In order to adequately assess the prevalence of stunting and underweight in breastfed infants, it is recommended that a new growth reference be developed, as has been initiated by WHO.

Understanding Liver Health Using the National Center for Health Statistics

Somsouk, Ma; Yee, Hal F.; Biggins, Scott W.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.53%
The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is the principal health statistics agency for the United States. It seeks to provide accurate, relevant, and timely data on health status and utilization of health care. As such, the NCHS represents a tremendous repository of behavioral, biological, and clinical data that can be employed to identify issues and effect change in public policy related to liver health and disease. By providing an understanding of the rich, publicly available data systems within the NCHS, investigators may capitalize on an efficient means to shape current knowledge of liver disease.

Beyond Survival : Protecting Households from Health Shocks in Latin America

Baeza, Cristian C.; Packard, Truman G.
Fonte: Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press; Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press; Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.52%
This book breaks new ground in the ongoing debate about health finance and financial protection from the costs of health care. The evidence and discussion support the need to consider financial protection, in addition to health status, as a policy objective when setting priorities for health systems. This book reviews the Latin American experience with health reform in the last 20 years and the fundamentals of health system financing, using new evidence to show the magnitude and mechanisms that determine the impoverishing effects of health events (diseases, accidents, and those of the life cycle). It provides options for policy makers on how to protect, and help household to protect themselves, against this impoverishment. The authors use empirical evidence from six case studies commissioned for this report, on Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Honduras, and Mexico. This book provides policy makers with a solid conceptual basis for decisions on the contents of mandatory health insurance benefit packages...

Place and Child Health : The Interaction of Population Density and Sanitation in Developing Countries

Hathi, Payal; Haque, Sabrina; Pant, Lovey; Coffey, Diane; Spears, Dean
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.51%
A long literature in demography debates the importance of place for health. This paper assesses whether the importance of dense settlement for child mortality and child height is moderated by exposure to local sanitation behavior. Is open defecation, without a toilet or latrine, worse for infant mortality and child height where population density is greater? Is poor sanitation an important mechanism by which population density in?uences health outcomes? The paper uses newly assembled data sets to present two complementary analyses, which represent di?erent points in a trade-o? between external and internal validity. The first analysis concentrates on external validity by studying infant mortality and child height in a large, international child-level data set of 172 Demographic and Health Surveys, matched to census population density data for 1,800 subnational regions. The second analysis concentrates on internal validity by studying child height in Bangladeshi districts, with a new data set constructed with Geographic Information System techniques...

The Macroeconomics of Health Savings Accounts

Tran, Chung; Jung, Juergen
Fonte: Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research Publicador: Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 574757 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.56%
This paper has been revised. The revised version is at https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/3116; We analyze whether a consumer driven health care plan like the newly established Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) can reduce health care expenditures in the United States and increase the fraction of the population with health insurance. We use an overlapping generations model with health uncertainty and endogenous health care spending. Agents can choose between a low deductible- and a high deductible health insurance. If agents choose to purchase the high deductible health insurance, they are allowed to contribute tax free to an HSA. We examine the steady state effects of introducing HSAs into a system with private health insurance for young agents and Medicare for old agents. Since the model is a general equilibrium model, we fully account for feedback effects from both, factor markets and insurance markets. Our results from numerical simulations indicate that HSAs can decrease total health expenditures by up to 3% of GDP but increase the number of uninsured individuals by almost 5%. Furthermore, HSAs decrease the aggregate level of health capital and therefore decrease output. We also address possible extensions of the HSA reform that include the eligibility to pay health insurance premiums with HSA funds...

The Macroeconomics of Health Savings Accounts

Jung, Juergen; Tran, Chung
Fonte: Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research Publicador: Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 601701 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.56%
Revised version of http://hdl.handle.net/2022/2833; We analyze whether a consumer driven health care plan like the newly established Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) can reduce health care expenditures in the United States and increase the fraction of the population with health insurance. We use an overlapping generations model with health uncertainty and endogenous health care spending. Agents can choose between a low deductible- and a high deductible health insurance. If agents choose to purchase the high deductible health insurance, they are allowed to contribute tax free to an HSA. We examine the steady state effects of introducing HSAs into a system with private health insurance for young agents and Medicare for old agents. Since the model is a general equilibrium model, we fully account for feedback effects from both, factor markets and insurance markets. Our results from numerical simulations indicate that HSAs can decrease total health expenditures by up to 3% of GDP but increase the number of uninsured individuals by almost 5%. Furthermore, HSAs decrease the aggregate level of health capital and therefore decrease output. We also address possible extensions of the HSA reform that include the eligibility to pay health insurance premiums with HSA funds...

Center for Homeland Defense and Security Sixth Annual Essay Competition

Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.); Center for Homeland Defense and Security
Fonte: Monterey, California : Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California : Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.43%
According to the National Security Strategy, homeland security is an integral part of national security. Homeland security traces its roots to traditional and historic functions of government and society, such as civil defense, emergency response, law enforcement, customs, border patrol, and immigration. In the aftermath of 9/11 and the foundation of the Department of Homeland Security, these functions took on new organization and urgency. Homeland security strives to adapt these traditional functions to confront terrorism and disasters along with new threats and evolving hazards -- such as proliferation, cyber, transnational crime, violent extremism, stability and security of the space environment, economics, education, climate changes, energy, water and food security, and health threats. Homeland security is not simply about government action alone. It is about the collective strength of the entire country working to create and sustain a homeland that is safe and secure, and in which American interests, aspirations, and way of life can thrive.

Reconstructors: Uncommon Scents - Episode 1. Students learn the health effects of inhalant abuse and exposure to hazardous household products such as organic solvents

Center for Technology in Teaching and Learning
Fonte: Center for Technology in Teaching and Learning; Rice University, Houston Texas Publicador: Center for Technology in Teaching and Learning; Rice University, Houston Texas
Tipo: Instructional Material; Game; Simulation Formato: text/html
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.45%
In Uncommon Scents Episode 1, students investigate a chemical accident and learn about the health effects of exposure to toxic chemicals. They will discover that many common household products contain toxic chemicals, learn how inhaling these product can severely damage the nervous system and other parts of the body, and find ways to protect themselves from exposure to toxic vapors.

The health of poor women under welfare reform

Kaplan, G.; Siefert, K.; Ranjit, N.; Raghunathan, T.; Young, E.; Tran, D.; Danziger, S.; Hudson, S.; Lynch, J.; Tolman, R.
Fonte: Amer Public Health Assoc Inc Publicador: Amer Public Health Assoc Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.48%
Objectives: We compared the health of single mothers affected by welfare reform with the health of a nationally representative sample of women to document the prevalence of poor health as single mothers experience the effects of welfare reform. Methods: We compared risk factors and measures of health among women randomly sampled from the welfare rolls with similar data from a nationally representative sample of women. Results: Women in our welfare recipient sample had higher rates of elevated glycosylated hemoglobin (≥6%; prevalence ratio [PR]=4.87; 95% confidence interval [CI]=2.69, 7.04), hypertension (systole ≥140 or diastole ≥90; PR=2.36; 95% CI=1.47, 3.24), high body mass index (≥30; PR=1.78; 95% CI=1.49, 2.08), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (≤35 mg/dL; PR=1.91; 95% CI=1.17, 2.65); lower peak expiratory flow; and less physical functioning. Current smoking rates were higher (PR=1.85; 95% CI=1.50, 2.19) and smoking cessation rates were lower (PR=0.62; 95% CI=0.37, 0.86) than in the national sample. Conclusions: Current and former welfare recipients bear a substantial burden of illness. Further studies are necessary to interpret our findings of worsened health in the wake of welfare reform.; George A. Kaplan...

Private Health Sector Assessment in Ghana

Makinen, Marty; Sealy, Stephanie; Bitrán, Ricardo A.; Adjei, Sam; Muñoz, Rodrigo
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.52%
Most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa confront serious health challenges; however, Ghana has done beer than many of its neighbors. Ghana's life expectancy at birth is 60 years (versus 53 for all of Sub-Saharan Africa), the infant mortality rate is 73 per thousand (versus 79), and the maternal mortality ratio is 562 per 100,000 (versus 832) (World Bank 2009b). Ghana has worked hard to achieve the gains it has made, and it has benefited from substantial assistance from external development partners. Ghana has separated policy making the Ministry of Health, (MOH) from provision Ghana Health Service (GHS) in the public sector and decentralized health service management to the district level. In 2004, Ghana instituted its National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to ease consumers' need to mobilize payment at the time of illness. The private health sector in Ghana is a large and important factor in the market for health-related goods and services. The size and configuration of private providers and their contribution to health sector outcomes. With beer information about the size...

Transport for Health : The Global Burden of Disease from Motorized Road Transport

Global Road Safety Facility, The World Bank; Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
Fonte: Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Publicador: Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.51%
This report summarizes the findings of a long and meticulous journey of data gathering and analysis to quantify the health losses from road deaths and injuries worldwide, as part of the path-finding Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. It is important, first, to acknowledge the profound contribution made by the lead authors and global team of injury prevention professionals to estimate the disease burden of road trauma, before absorbing their findings and recommendations. Without their dedication and tenacity, the way forward would be less certain. The first GBD study, published nearly two decades ago, signaled an emerging road safety crisis in developing regions of the world. It triggered a remarkable program of global advocacy that culminated in the United Nations decade of action for road safety and global plan to bring road safety outcomes under control in these regions by 2020. However, limited investment has been mobilized so far to implement the UN initiative. The second GBD studies, and related analyses presented in this report...

The Labor Market for Health Workers in Africa : New Look at the Crisis

Soucat, Agnes; Scheffler, Richard
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.52%
Health systems in Sub-Saharan Africa have changed profoundly over the last 20 years. The economic crisis of the 1980s and 1990s rattled public health care systems, which were largely holdovers from the colonial and postcolonial eras. The later wave of structural adjustments and public sector reforms wrought further change. As African economies opened to market based approaches, the private sector became a sizable source of health care service. Today about half the health expenditures in Africa are private, and private providers play a major role in the delivery of outpatient services. This is draws on the lessons, knowledge, and data gathered by the World Bank's Africa Region Human Resources for Health Program. For the first time, the various complexities of Human Resources for Health (HRH) labor markets are addressed comprehensively in one volume. Given the increasing demand in countries for strong health workforces that can help achieve universal health coverage; we hope this book will be beneficial to researchers...

New Insights into the Provision of Health Services in Indonesia : A Health Workforce Study

Rokx, Claudia; Giles, John; Satriawan, Elan; Marzoeki, Puti; Harimurti, Pandu; Yavuz, Elif
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.52%
Indonesia has made improving the access to health workers, especially in rural areas, and improving the quality of health provider's key priority areas of its next five-year development plan. Significant steps and policy changes were taken to improve the distribution of the health workforce, in particular the contracted doctors program and later the contracted midwives program, but few studies have been undertaken to measure the actual impact of these policies and programs. This book is part of the inputs prepared at the request of the government of Indonesia's national development agency, Bappenas, to inform the development of the next national development plan 2010-14. Other inputs include reports on health financing, fiscal space for health, health public expenditure review, and assessments of maternal health and pharmaceuticals. Study findings highlight the importance not only of improving the supply of health care, but also of improving quality, so as to improve health outcomes. Over the period studied...

Center for Public Genomics List of Challenged Claims in Association for Molecular Pathology et al. v. United States Patent and Trademark Office et al.

Center for Public Genomics; Cook-Deegan, Robert Mullan
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2009 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.49%
List of challenged claims in the case, compiled and written by researchers at Duke University's Center for Public Genomics

Panelist Bios for Center for Public Genomics Gene Patent Issue Briefing for Congressional Staff

The Center for Public Genomics at Duke University
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em 15/09/2011 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.49%
Speaker bios, provided as background material for September, 2011 Center for Public Genomics Congressional briefing.

Health Disparities in Delaware 2004 #1

Jacobson, Eric D.; Jaeger, John; Ratledge, Edward C.; Gladders, Barbara
Fonte: Center for Applied Demography & Survey Research Publicador: Center for Applied Demography & Survey Research
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.45%
The issue of health disparity is of concern to all of us. It affects each of us as individuals and as a society in general. Differences in the length of our lives and the quality of life are largely influenced by health.

The Guidelines of the NASF and the presence of the Physical Education Professional; Directrices del NASF y la presencia del profesional de Educación Física; As diretrizes do NASF e a presença do profissional em Educação Física

Martinez, Jessica Félix Nicácio; Universidade Federal de Goiás; Silva, Ana Márcia; Universidade Federal de Goiás; Silva, Maria Sebastiana; Universidade Federal de Goiás
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/06/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.48%
The aim of the article is talk about the participation of professional in Physical Education at the Center for Health Care of the Family (NASF) program, focus on the city of Goiania (Brazil). The method of study was a literature and document review. The results indicated that 49.2% of the NASF teams in Brazil with the participation of a professional physical education, however there is a diversity of denominations for professional. In Goiania (Brazil) it was observed that working professionals receive less pay than other professionals in the multidisciplinary team, despite having a very positive evaluation of his work by other professionals, as well as management.; El texto discute la participación del profesional en Educación Física en el programa Núcleo de Atención la Salud de la Familia (NASF), con enfoque a la ciudad de Goiânia (Brasil). En el estudio de metodología de revisión bibliográfica y documental, se encontraron los siguientes resultados: la presencia de ese profesional en un 49,2% de los equipos del NASF en Brasil; una diversidad de denominaciones para el profesional; y en el caso de Goiânia (Brasil), los profesionales activos reciben menor remuneración que los demás profesionales del equipo multidisciplinar de salud...

Nutritional status of breastfed infants in rural Zambia: comparison of the National Center for Health Statistics growth reference versus the WHO 12-month breastfed pooled data set

Hautvast,J.L.A.; Pandor,A.; Burema,J.; Tolboom,J.J.M.; Chishimba,N.; Monnens,L.A.H.; Staveren,W.A. van
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.52%
Cross-sectional data for breastfed infants in rural Zambia were used to evaluate the effect of applying two different data sets as a reference, i.e. the WHO 12-month breastfed pooled data set and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) growth reference in terms of prevalence of malnutrition (stunting, underweight, and wasting). A total of 518 infants who were attending mother-and-child health clinics were included. Age, weight and length were recorded. Anthropometric Z-scores were calculated in two ways: by applying the NCHS growth reference and by using the WHO breastfed data set. Anthropometric Z-scores calculated using the breastfed data set were lower during the first 6-7 months of life compared with those calculated by applying the NCHS growth reference. This resulted in a higher proportion of children aged 0-6 months being classified as stunted and underweight using the breastfed data set versus the NCHS growth reference. After the age of 7 months, similar prevalences of stunting or underweight were observed. Relatively few infants were classified as wasted. In order to adequately assess the prevalence of stunting and underweight in breastfed infants, it is recommended that a new growth reference be developed, as has been initiated by WHO.

E-health in low-and middle-income countries: findings from the Center for Health Market Innovations

Lewis,Trevor; Synowiec,Christina; Lagomarsino,Gina; Schweitzer,Julian
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.55%
OBJECTIVE: To describe how information communication technology (ICT) is being used by programmes that seek to improve private sector health financing and delivery in low-and middle-income countries, including the main uses of the technology and the types of technologies being used. METHODS: In-country partners in 16 countries directly searched systematically for innovative health programmes and compiled profiles in the Center for Health Market Innovations' database. These data were supplemented through literature reviews and with self-reported data supplied by the programmes themselves. FINDINGS: In many low-and middle-income countries, ICT is being increasingly employed for different purposes in various health-related areas. Of ICT-enabled health programmes, 42% use it to extend geographic access to health care, 38% to improve data management and 31% to facilitate communication between patients and physicians outside the physician's office. Other purposes include improving diagnosis and treatment (17%), mitigating fraud and abuse (8%) and streamlining financial transactions (4%). The most common devices used in technology-enabled programmes are phones and computers; 71% and 39% of programmes use them, respectively, and the most common applications are voice (34%)...