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Teoria da tributação e tributação da renda nos mercados finaneiro e de capitais: entre a equidade e a eficiência; entre a capacidade contributiva e a indução; Taxation theory and income taxation in financial and capital markets: between equity and efficiency, between ability-to-pay and non-fiscal purposes

Santos, João Victor Guedes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/02/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar e reconstruir os fundamentos da Teoria da Tributação e do Direito Tributário que regem a incidência do Imposto de Renda sobre operações conduzidas nos mercados financeiro e de capitais. Examinam-se, num primeiro momento, os preceitos norteadores da eqüidade, eficiência (nos seus dois vieses de neutralidade e desenvolvimento), simplicidade e conveniência, verificando-se em que medida o ordenamento jurídico-tributário posto está em consonância com a Teoria da Tributação. Na seara da Teoria da Tributação, destaque é dado ao trade-off (ou dilema) entre eficiência e eqüidade relativo à tributação da renda auferida nos mercados. Em momento subseqüente, analisam-se as regras constitucionais e complementares que moldam a incidência do Imposto de Renda e a maneira pela qual princípios e mandamentos constitucionais, concernentes à seara tributária ou não, atuam em relação à tributação da renda obtida nos mercados financeiro e de capitais. Nessa toada, papel de relevo possui a relação conflituosa existente entre o mandamento da tributação conforme a capacidade contributiva e a possibilidade de instituição de normas tributárias indutoras visando a objetivos extrafiscais.; This paper aims at analyzing and reconstructing the fundamentals of the Taxation Theory and of the Tax Law that guide the assessment of the Income Tax on transactions carried out within the financial and capital markets. At a first moment...

Caminhos da cooperação regulatória no mercado de capitais; Pathways to regulatory cooperation in capital markets

Rachman, Nora Matilde
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
A recente crise financeira global trouxe para o centro do debate internacional o tema da regulação dos mercados de capitais e, com ela, suas diversas qualificações como um fator responsável pela crise. O trabalho tem como foco entender o papel da cooperação internacional em matéria regulatória e, particularmente, a existência de incentivos, preferências, ideias e instituições inerentes à cooperação entre estados. Para tanto, realiza uma análise sistêmica de iniciativas regulatórias tomadas por quatro países entre 2007 e 2011, com o fim de verificar a existência de padrões, modalidades específicas e os caminhos da cooperação na regulação do mercado de capitais. Tendo como gatilho a eclosão da crise financeira global, os principais resultados apontam para um efetivo escrutínio doméstico das recomendações internacionais editadas e, em consequência, uma ampliação do conceito de cooperação regulatória. O que se verifica é que, além das atividades de supervisão e enforcement, emergem iniciativas regulatórias com diversos elementos e formatos comuns, que levam em conta a interação dos determinantes políticos e consequências econômicas advindos desse momentum.; The recent global financial crisis brought to the center of international discussion the debate concerning the regulation of capital markets...

How the U.S. capital markets volatility interacts with economic growth

Marques, João
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 24/08/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
Mestrado em Finanças; Empirical finance suggests that capital markets volatility has a negative relationship with economic growth, in the United States. However, the main focus has been on the equity market volatility dynamics and less on other equally important asset classes, given their significant role in the structure of capital markets. In this thesis, I examine the leading and lagging dynamics between money markets, government debt, corporate debt and equities volatilities, in the U.S., and a real GDP growth proxy, between January, 1963 and March, 2009. I also introduce the concept of aggregate capital markets portfolio volatility, which follows the assumptions of a mean-variance portfolio calculation, and test its interaction with growth. Moreover, it is analysed the degree of explaining power of volatilities to the GDP proxy in specific time periods and also in NBER recessions, slowdowns and expansions periods. The empirical results posit that asset classes and capital markets portfolio volatilities are essentially counter-cyclical of growth, on a contemporaneous basis. However, this interaction changes significantly across decades. Finally, in recessions and slowdown periods rising volatility leads the economic cycle...

Development of Capital Markets and Institutional Investors in Russia : Recent Achievements and Policy Challenges Ahead

Noel, Michel; Kantur, Zeynep; Krasnov, Evgeny; Rutledge, Sue
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
This study reviews the recent developments in capital markets and institutional investors in Russia, and examines the policy challenges ahead for the development of the sector. The analysis covers key impediments for further development and policy challenges for securities markets, in particular legal and regulatory framework, market infrastructure, government bonds, sub-sovereign bonds, corporate bonds, and equities. The analysis also covers key impediments for further development and policy challenges for mutual funds, pension funds, and insurance companies.

Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization : The Latin American Experience

de la Torre, Augusto; Schmukler, Sergio L.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank; Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank; Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.63%
The book should stimulate a vigorous discussion on how to best revise the reform agenda for capital market development in emerging economies going forward. This effort should involve not only country authorities but also academics and advisers from multilateral agencies such as the World Bank. The complexities highlighted in the book invite intellectual modesty, eclecticism, and constant attention to country specificity. While it does not provide detailed policy prescriptions, the book does point to issues that cannot be ignored and puts forward provocative questions for the policy debate. The policy discussion in the book is particularly interesting with respect to the following aspects: internationalization of stock markets and local currency debt markets. This paper contains the following headings: whither capital market development; developments in capital markets; factors behind the development and internationalization of capital markets; and whither the reform agenda.

Whither Latin American Capital Markets?

de la Torre, Augusto; Schmukler, Sergio
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
"Whither Latin American Capital Markets?" a study published by the Latin America and Caribbean Region of the World Bank in June 2004, analyzes the status and prospects for capital market development in Latin America. It reviews the evolution of securities markets in the region and related reforms and the factors driving their development. Importantly, the study analyzes not just domestic market activity, but also global capital markets trends, the participation of developing countries in those markets, and interactions and feedback loops between local and international markets.

Using Capital Markets to Develop Private Catastrophe Insurance

Pollner, John D.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
The global catastrophe insurance market exhibits inherent cyclical risks. Disaster-prone countries can improve their protection against catastrophic risk and premium volatility by using capital markets to boost the capacity of the private sector to absorb and spread the risks -- both domestically and internationally. This Note proposes two mechanisms for more efficient management of catastrophic risk: pooled insurance coverage supported by liquidity and credit enhancement facilities, and hazard-indexed bonds to securitize risk.

Bangladesh - Non-Lending Technical Assistance on Capital Markets

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.57%
The Bangladesh stock market experienced significant volatility in late 2010 and early 2011 which took stock values high above fundamentals and threatened the stability of the financial system. This note takes a systematic look at the capital markets underpinnings in Bangladesh, including the regulatory framework, the rule-making bodies and enforcement issues. It also addresses systemic weaknesses responsible for market instability which was observed at the end of 2010 and early 2011. The note analyses the outlines specific areas of potential vulnerabilities of securities markets, as assessed against appropriate practice guidelines for stability, sustainability, transparency, and enforcement. A plan of action going forward is also suggested. This note draws on a considerable amount of prior analytical work. Bangladesh capital markets remain ineffective. The government debt securities markets are illiquid preventing the Bangladesh financial system from relying on a market-based yield curve. Bangladesh has yet to develop an active money market. Trading of treasury bills in the secondary market is limited because these instruments...

The Financing and Growth of Firms in China and India : Evidence from Capital Markets

Didier, Tatiana; Schmukler, Sergio L.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.62%
This paper studies the extent to which firms in China and India use capital markets to obtain financing and grow. Using a unique data set on domestic and international capital raising activity and firm performance, it finds that the expansion of financial market activity since the 1990s has been more limited than what the aggregate figures suggest. Relatively few firms raise capital. Even fewer firms capture the bulk of the financing. Moreover, firms that issue equity or bonds are different and behave differently from other publicly listed firms. Among other things, they are typically larger and grow faster. The differences between users and non-users exist before the capital raising activity, are associated with the probability of raising capital, and become more accentuated afterward. The distribution of issuing firms shifts more over time than the distribution of those that do not issue, suggesting little convergence in firm size among listed firms.

Development of Non-bank Financial Institutions and Capital Markets in European Union Accession Countries

Bakker, Marie-Renée; Gross, Alexandra
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
This paper assesses the role of non-bank financial institutions and capital markets in the financial sectors of the eight first-wave of Eastern European EU accession countries (the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia), the current state of development and prospects for future growth, and the likely impact on these segments of the financial system of accession to the EU. Throughout the paper, the level of development of nonblank financial institutions and capital markets in the accession countries is benchmarked against comparable development levels seen in existing EU member states. The paper concludes with a series of policy recommendations to facilitate future development of non-bank forms of financial intermediation.

Capital Markets and Non-bank Financial Institutions in Romania : Assessment of Key Issues and Recommendations for Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
This study assesses key issues and recommendations for development, and reviews the specific changes which are necessary in four areas: structural reforms, market institutions, and infrastructure; accounting, transparency, and disclosure; market infrastructure; and credit enhancements. With only three years remaining before joining the European Union, Romania is working hard to improve its capital markets and non-bank financial institutions, which remain less developed than those in other accession countries. Strengthening these sectors has become a top priority for policymakers, whose primary objective is to ensure that the financial system is sufficiently developed to serve the growing demands of the Romanian economy.

FYR Macedonia Policy-Based Guarantee : Supporting the Development Agenda and Strengthening Access to Capital Markets

Najdov, Evgenij
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.57%
The ongoing global economic turmoil is seriously impeding client countries access to capital markets, with relatively little regard for the fundamentals of the countries involved. Growing risk aversion among investors has triggered a flight-to-quality that is affecting all but the safest assets (AAA-rated). Small, open, and developing economies in Europe and Central Asia, including FYR Macedonia, are being exceptionally hurt. Despite its history of prudent macroeconomic policies and progress on structural reforms, FYR Macedonia s access to capital markets has been virtually closed or available only on very unfavorable terms. Policy-Based Guarantees (PBG) help well-performing clients with a track record of macro stability and structural reforms mitigate market access risks while advancing a country s development policy dialogue. PBGs also have the added benefit of catalyzing private capital flows by alleviating critical risks. The PBG extended by the World Bank to FYR Macedonia ensured the country s access to markets in a virtually closed market environment and at highly competitive terms.

Corporate Governance und Kapitalmarktrecht als Bestandteile des chinesischen Systems der Unternehmensüberwachung; Corporate Governance and Capital Markets Law as Part of the Chinese System of Corporate Supervision

Ding, Jia
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Seit 1978 erfuhr China infolge der Politik “Öffnung nach außen” einen Wirtschaftsaufschwung und eine Umwandlung der Planwirtschaft zur Marktwirtschaft. In diesem Zusammenhang sind viele staatseigene Betriebe in Kapitalgesellschaften umstrukturiert worden. Jedoch wurde der Anlegerschutz innerhalb des Reformprozesses wegen der übermäßigen Betonung der Effizienz oftmals vernachlässigt. Ein sehr wichtiger Aspekt des Anlegerschutzes sind Regelungen zur Unternehmensüberwachung. In der vorliegenden Studie werden die Regelungen der Unternehmensüberwachung, nämlich die Überwachung durch Corporate Governance im Kapitalgesellschaftsgesetz, die Unternehmensüberwachung aus der Perspektive des Kapitalmarktrechts sowie die Überwachung der Managervergütung in ihrem gegenwärtigen Entwicklungsstand systematisch dargestellt. Darüber hinaus wird aufgezeigt, wie die Wirtschaftsstruktur und die Entwicklung der Unternehmensverfassung das Überwachungssystem beeinflussen und welche Probleme die aktuellen Regelungen zur Unternehmensüberwachung in China aufwerfen.; Since 1978, as a result of the politics of “Opening to the Outside World”, China experienced an economic upswing and a transformation from a centrally-planned economy to a market economy. In this context...

China Capital Markets Development Report : China Securities Regulation Commission

Qi, Bin
Fonte: China Financial Publishing House Publicador: China Financial Publishing House
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Foreign Trade, FDI, and Capital Flows Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.65%
The 'China capital markets development report' provides a good overview of the development of China's capital markets and explores future strategies. The report starts by reviewing historical events in the evolution of China's capital markets which have grown from small and unorganized regional markets into a national market today. By summarizing lessons learned during the market evolution and analyzing major gaps between China's capital markets and more mature markets, the report tries to propose a strategic design and vision for China's capital markets development for the next decade and beyond. Since the commencement of economic reform and opening up, China has gone through significant economic and social changes, and the socialist market economic regime has been established and steadily improved. Between 1979 and 2007, China's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has been growing above 9 percent annually on average and China has become the fourth largest economy in the World. China's capital markets emerged and developed during the same period. With joint efforts by all relevant parties...

Instruments to Tap Capital Markets for Funding in Housing and Related Considerations Concerning the Sistema Brasileiro de Poupança e Empréstimo

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
At the request of the Secretariat of Economic Policy (SPE) at the Brazilian Ministry of Finance (Fazenda), the World Bank carried out a second phase of the Non-Lending Technical Assistance (NLTA) aimed at supporting the Government's ongoing housing sector reform efforts. Work provided under Phase II of the NLTA focused on two interrelated issues : Proposing the introduction of new instruments which will allow lenders to raise long-term funds from the capital markets; and Identifying options to ensure a better alignment of the Sistema Financeiro de Habitação (SFH), with its two pillars SBPE and FGTS, with the introduction of new capital market instruments.

Pension Funds and Capital Markets : Investment Regulation, Financial Innovation, and Governance

Vittas, Dimitri
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Viewpoint; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.55%
This Note briefly examines the dynamic interaction that can develop between pension funds and capital markets. Pension funds are not only a source of long-term savings to support the development of bond and equity markets. They can also be a positive force for innovation, for corporate governance, and for privatization. In turn, capital markets offer pension funds the opportunity for better portfolio returns and risk management. This interaction is a long, self-reinforcing process that builds on sound macroeconomic policies, effective regulatory reforms, as well as robust accounting, legal, and information infrastructure. The key message for policymakers is that pension reform should be part of a broad reform program. It need not be delayed until capital markets are well established. But, equally important, large quantities of state assets should not be transferred to newly formed private pension funds without first taking steps to develop robust and well-regulated capital markets. Chile's gradual approach to investment deregulation is a good model for developing countries introducing mandatory but decentralized pension systems.

Non-bank Financial Institutions and Capital Markets in Turkey

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
This study analyses the state of development, and prospects of future growth of Turkish non-bank financial institutions, and capital markets. Currently, credit markets in Turkey are dominated by banking, and capital markets are dominated by Government securities. Longstanding macro-economic instability, and inflation have discouraged investment in financial assets, and crowded out funding for the private sector. The resulting lack of depth, and breadth has made the financial sector vulnerable to shocks, resulting in repeated crises, and, has reduced its intermediation efficiency. To enhance the financial sector's capacity to support private sector development, and economic growth, and to reduce its vulnerability to shocks, non-bank sources of finance should be developed. The report identifies the key policy issues that should be addressed for this purpose. The discussion, and policy recommendations are structured around the following leading themes: a) mobilizing savings; b) building an institutional investor base...

Overview of the Capital Markets in Vietnam and Directions for Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.62%
The World Bank undertook a study project on Vietnam s capital markets and sent a mission to Vietnam from May 15 to May 27, 2005. This report is the result of the study project. The objectives of the project were to review, analyze and evaluate the situation of Vietnam s securities markets vis-a-vis experiences of other developing countries, including transition economies; to work with the officials of the State Security Commission of Vietnam (SSC), to make specific recommendations for a five-year plan of Vietnamese capital market development in light of policy implementation sequence and priorities; to make suggestions on the draft of the Action Plan for Securities Market Development for the period of 2006-2010 and comment on the Prime Minister's Decision No 163 on the Strategy for the Development of Vietnam's Securities Market up to year 2010; and to identify desirable capital market-related projects and programs to be administered by the Bank in line with Vietnam's overall economic development strategy. This report is organized as follows: Sections 2 and 3 will overview Vietnam's macroeconomic situation and the financial markets in Vietnam. Section 4 will examine SOE equitization...

Are mortgage and capital markets integrated in the USA? A study of time-varying cointegration

Wong, Wing-Keung; Penm, Jack HW; Service, David
Fonte: Inderscience Publishers Publicador: Inderscience Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
Recent research has asserted that before 1980, mortgage and capital markets in the USA were not cointegrated as a result of credit rationing, but deregulation of financial institutions led to cointegrated mortgage and capital markets during the 1980s. In

O EFEITO DAS INFORMAÇÕES CONTÁBEIS NO MERCADO DE CAPITAIS: UM ESTUDO BIBLIOMÉTRICO NO PERÍODO DE 2000 A 2009; THE EFFECT OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN CAPITAL MARKETS: A BIBLIOMETRIC STUDY FROM 2000 TO 2009

Catapan, Anderson; Sherer, Luciano Márcio; Bortolocci Espejo, Márcia Maria dos Santos
Fonte: UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARANÁ - ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT Publicador: UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PARANÁ - ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
 Desde meados da década de 60 diversos pesquisadores já trabalhavam com um importante assunto dentro da contabilidade: a relação das informações contábeis com o mercado de capitais. Pesquisas contemporâneas afirmam que a relação entre estas informações e o preço de títulos negociados em bolsa de valores é convergente (Correia; Amaral; Bressan, 2008, Vieira; Milach, 2008, Antunes; Procianoy, 2003). Com vistas a estas considerações, o objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar as tendências temáticas e metodológicas dos artigos publicados em periódicos selecionados. Trata-se de um estudo bibliométrico, que contemplou um total de 31 artigos, publicados entre os anos de 2000 e 2009. Com a análise pode-se verificar uma ausência de artigos de cunho normativo, assim como uma ausência de artigos trabalhando estudos de caso. Outras variáveis foram pesquisadas como número de autores, setor pesquisado, técnica utilizada, entre outros. Os resultados da maioria das pesquisas apontam uma relação positiva entre divulgação contábil e valores de títulos negociados.; In the mid-60s...