Página 1 dos resultados de 48 itens digitais encontrados em 0.003 segundos

Um método de análise de dados temporais para o Cadastro Territorial Multifinalitário Urbano

Sass, Glaucia Gabriel
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 151 f. : il.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
Pós-graduação em Ciências Cartográficas - FCT; The Multipurpose Cadastre is a tool used for the public management of the municipalities and it is becoming more widely used. With the technological evolution some paradigms are being modified, such as the traditional paper maps and forms which have evolved to computerized environments, optimizing and improving in many aspects the implementation and maintenance of the Multipurpose Cadastre. Normally, the Geographic Information Systems are used in the computerized Cadastres, generating 2D data, on conventional and geographic databases, in which the data are overwritten at the moment of the update. However, the traditional Geographic Information Systems, generally have few resources for the generation of reports, analysis and graphics to provide support for the decision making which enable the definition of public policies, compared to the environments of Business Intelligence. The aim of this essay is to contribute to the development of appropriate procedures to incorporate the temporal aspect, mainly, to the relevant analyzes to the territorial management, using data from the Urban Multipurpose Cadastre (2D Cadastre plus time)...; O Cadastro Territorial Multifinalitário é um instrumento usado para a gestão pública dos municípios e vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado. Com a evolução tecnológica alguns paradigmas vêm sendo alterados...

Diagnóstico para gestão do Imposto Predial e Territorial Urbano

Pelegrina, Marcos Aurélio
Fonte: Florianópolis, SC Publicador: Florianópolis, SC
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 114 f.| il.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Civil, Florianópolis, 2009; Em relação aos sistemas de gestão do Imposto Predial Territorial Urbano (IPTU), boa parte dos municípios brasileiros convive com inúmeros problemas, tais como a falta de metodologias adequadas para determinação do valor venal dos imóveis, falhas na legislação tributária e cadastros fiscais desatualizados. O presente trabalho evidencia a importância da identificação prévia dos problemas existentes na gestão do IPTU e propõe também uma metodologia de diagnóstico para identificar os principais erros. Além disso, o presente estudo pretende demonstrar os procedimentos a serem adotados no diagnóstico para a verificação da atualidade dos dados e de sua qualidade, de modo a servir de parâmetro para um prognóstico das ações a serem desenvolvidas em projetos de atualização cadastral, modernização da gestão do IPTU ou, eventualmente, de reestruturação da gestão. Contudo, todos os procedimentos devem ter por base mecanismos capazes de evitar erros conceituais e que possam permitir a utilização de um sistema de gestão eficaz e eficiente.; Regarding the systems of urban real estate property tax management...

Implementação dos programas bolsa escola, bolsa alimentação e cartão alimentação

Pasquim, Elaine Martins
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Nutrição, 2006.; A transferência de renda, parte das obrigações do Estado na garantia do Direito Humano à Alimentação Adequada, pode ser uma importante política de redução da pobreza e interrupção do ciclo vicioso da fome. Os resultados, apresentados em dois artigos, analisam a implementação dos programas Bolsa Escola, Bolsa Alimentação e Cartão Alimentação. Foi realizada uma abordagem qualitativa das falas de atores relevantes, das atas de reuniões deliberativas de Conselhos e discursos de parlamentares no Congresso. As transferências de renda promovem um avanço ao adotar o pagamento do benefício diretamente aos beneficiários, pelo respeito à autonomia, possibilidade de melhoria da economia local e percepção da necessidade de ação nos determinantes mais profundos da pobreza e da fome. Observou-se, ainda, no estudo, a preocupação dos gestores dos programas com o monitoramento e avaliação, além da melhoria da infra-estrutura nos pequenos municípios. Os programas caracterizaram-se por critérios de acesso focalizadores e seletivos, excluindo indivíduos portadores de direito ao benefício ao restringir as cotas municipais...

Utilização do Cadastro Territorial Multifinalitário na gestão de riscos

Amorim, Amilton; Monteiro, Ana; Sousa, Eric Rafael Pereira de
Fonte: Coimbra : RISCOS - Associação Portuguesa de Riscos, Prevenção e Segurança Publicador: Coimbra : RISCOS - Associação Portuguesa de Riscos, Prevenção e Segurança
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
Use of the multipurpose territorial cadastre on risk management - at first, this work presents a brief bibliographical review about records and risk management. After that, the methodology used on the execution of thematic maps through the Internet showing the characteristics of susceptible buildings to some type of risks is presented. Finally, it demonstrates the potential and viability of using this information on cadastres in this important area, while at the same time using minor financial resources.

Improving Municipal Management for Cities to Succeed : An IEG Special Study

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
The purpose of this Independence Evaluation Group (IEG) special study is to illuminate the scale and scope of Bank support for municipal development and to draw specific lessons from the achievements and failures of a sample of individual projects. The study focuses on three dimensions of municipal management: planning, finance, and service provision that figure repeatedly in Bank financed municipal development projects (MDPs). The planning dimension refers to the capacity of a municipality to forecast and oversee its own progress. It includes information systems, monitoring and evaluation (M&E), city planning, and investment strategies. The finance dimension refers to how a municipality manages the resources needed to provide services to its constituents. It covers financial management, own-resource mobilization, access to credit, and private funding. The service provision dimension refers to the capacity of a municipality to manage the services required by city residents and business people through the effective prioritization of investments...

Development of 13 Mozambican Municipalities in Central and Northern Mozambique : Summary report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
The objective of this study on the Development of 13 Mozambican Municipalities in Central and Northern Mozambique is to assess the impact that the 2008 reforms on own-source revenues is having on the municipal revenue potential. To do so, it calculates the revenue potential of four fiscal and three non-fiscal revenue sources. The analysis shows that there is substantial untapped revenue potential at the municipal level, with estimates indicating that -in the case of the most buoyant local revenue sources- municipalities are only collecting about half of the revenue potential. In the worst cases, municipalities are collecting far less than 10 percent of the total revenue potential of a local revenue source. The fact that a revenue gaps exists is not only an indication of weak municipal performance. Municipalities have relatively recently been created and it takes time, capacity, and effort, to consolidate their revenue functions. Tax administration is overall still weak and a series of vacuums exist on the municipal fiscal legislation. The analysis reveals that the current revenue instruments at the disposal of municipalities are generally appropriate municipal revenue instruments...

Mozambique - Municipal Development in Mozambique : Lessons from the First Decade - Synthesis Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
Municipalities in Mozambique were established by law in 1997 and elected in 1998 for the first time, only a few years after the peace agreement. Most inherited archaic and dysfunctional remnants of colonial and central government systems and infrastructure, and as such limited progress was achieved in transforming them into functioning local governments during the first mandate (1998-2002). During the second mandate (2003-2008), however, significant improvements were seen as municipalities began to grasp the nettle of local governance and some service delivery challenges. By the end of their first decade most municipalities have reorganized themselves to some extent and a number have undertaken initiatives that are beginning to bear fruit. There remains a long way to go, however, before municipalities will be robust enough to deliver quality local services to meet growing demand. There is a danger that the pace of municipal technical and financial capacity development will be overtaken by the growing municipal population and by transfers of additional mandates. Municipalities...

Property Taxes in the Punjab, Pakistan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
This note provides an overview of the current property taxation system in the Punjab Province based on the premise that the property tax: 1) is essentially a fiscal tool; 2) is not an instrument of social redistribution; 3) system should be kept simple; and 4) is a technical instrument with strong financial, institutional, and political connotations. This note summarizes the key attributes of the present property taxation system of the Punjab Province and proposes some solutions for improving the property tax system. Our analysis is based on the following premises: first, the property tax is essentially a fiscal tool. Second, it is not an instrument of social redistribution. Third, the property tax system should be kept simple. Fourth, the property tax is not merely a technical instrument, but it is a substantial revenue factor with strong financial, institutional, and political connotations. Property taxes are levied on a banded annual rental value (ARV) basis, calculated from valuation tables issued by the excise and tax department.

Managing Urban Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Mabojunye, Akin L.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
This article addresses the problems of governance in municipalities in Africa. The concern has been to adapt traditional systems of governance to the needs of modern urban management. This article investigates the need for a new analysis of the twin problems of urban land and urban management in sub-Saharan Africa. This need is based on the apparent paradox between the dynamic, city-creating activities of civil societies in all of these countries, and the weak capabilities of states to guide and direct these activities. This article focuses on governance at the community level, where empowerment and accountability begin. It argues that a prerequisite for dealing with these problems is an institutional environment with which the target populace is familiar and to which it is likely to relate in participating in managing the city. The importance of the particularly dynamic systems of traditional governance at the lowest level in managing urban growth is only recently being recognized.

Assessment of Housing for Low-income Groups in Danang : Phase I Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
Danang City is the capital and economic hub of the central region of Vietnam. As in all of the major urban centers of the country, Danang is currently experiencing rapid urbanization fueled by consistent economic growth and the resultant steady increase in population, much through rural-urban migration. For this reason, central and city government has been increasingly concerned with the urban development and housing sectors. The objective of the (LIHAS) Study is to undertake an assessment of the low-income housing sector in Danang with a view to: i) determining effective demand for low-income shelter in Danang; and ii) providing alternative models of housing production, including aspects of housing finance, construction and maintenance. The Study will take account of Government housing policy as it affects low-income households (LIH) in Danang. In this regard there has been a move away from direct Government involvement in house construction for the public sector service which was found to be financiallyunsustainable. The scope of work is based on two phases as follows: Phase I. Data Collection and Analysis: this will involve: i) agreement with the DPC on adefinition low-income households for Danang City to be used as basis for the Study; ii) a literature review of relevant reports and studies; iii) preparation of an inventory of all existing publicly constructed housing developments for low-income groups in Danang built since 1980; iv) a rough assessment of the current size and rate of expansion of informal housing in the City; v) an assessment of the type and level of private sector participation in low income housing provision; vi) a review and assessment of the roles and responsibilities of both DONRE and DOC in respect to the provision and maintenance of publicly sponsored low-income housing; vii) a financial assessment of DONRE and DOC operations withrespect to the provision and maintenance of low-income housing; viii) identification of the binding constraints on the creation of low-income housing generally and in Danang specifically.

The Development of Property Taxation in Economies in Transition : Case Studies from Central and Eastern Europe

Malme, Jane H.; Youngman, Joan M.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
The transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe, through the reform process of decentralization, are now seeking the devolution of fiscal powers, and responsibilities from central, to local governments, within financially sustainable environments. To this end, a system of local budgets, and taxes needs to be devised, over which local governments may have control. Thus, this report focuses on the tax on immovable real property, one of the most important local tax options, and, undertakes comparative analysis of tax policy formulation, within a context of rapid institutional changes. Case studies provide insights into the policy debates, and choices that guide the process of property tax reform, and, shed light on the entire cycle, from initial impetus, to resulting legislation, and the subsequent administrative challenges of assessment, collection, appeal, and review. Because of the multiple roles of property taxation (as an instrument of decentralization, an element of property rights, an adjunct to privatization and restitution...

Toward Strengthened EITI Reporting : Summary Report and Recommendations

Ravat, Anwar; Ufer, Andre
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
This document draws on Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) country implementation experience and contains the summary report and recommendations of a consultation process. The goal of the consultation process was to examine and recommend ways to strengthen EITI reporting by building on existing EITI policy guidance, while streamlining the reports and promoting qualitative improvements in disclosure within them. Accordingly, the recommendations in this document are addressed to the EITI International Secretariat and through it, to the EITI Board, as well as stakeholders in EITI-implementing countries.

Republic of Kazakhstan Tax Strategy Paper : Volume 1. A Strategic Plan for Increasing the Neutrality of the Tax System in Non-Extractive Sectors

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
This study focuses on the tax system for non-subsurface users in Kazakhstan. It takes as given the tax reform package that the authorities and stakeholders are designing, but proposes a number of additional steps to be taken over the next 2-3 years aimed at maximizing the benefits of tax neutrality on competitiveness. The first volume of this report mainly focuses on tax policy: taxes on labor, capital, and consumption. A draft report on administration was also produced for discussion, which includes an initial assessment for organization, planning and staffing, a large taxpayers unit, anti-corruption issues, taxpayer services and education, audit and inspections, collection activities, and legal issues and appeal. The second volume of the tax strategy paper examines tax administration issues, and identifies functional areas that require attention in the short, medium and longer-term. This examination represents an initial diagnostic and is not a final blueprint for modernization. The nine areas diagnosed are: organizational structure...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Issues in Urban and Municipal Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
The present study examines the challenges facing municipal governments in FYR Macedonia. The introductory chapter provides some further context for these developments, in terms of the challenges they pose for urban areas and their governments. Chapter Two examines issues for financial management of municipalities under the decentralized regime, and the attendant need for improving local government capacity. The third chapter highlights questions in the area of communal services, where municipal governments retain overall provision and supervisory responsibilities of the local public enterprises. The fourth chapter focuses on urban planning and land management, an area critical to the efficient functioning of cities and for which municipalities have acquired new obligations. The approach of the report is to assemble existing data from many available studies, both by the World Bank and by other sources, and information obtained from interviews in the country to articulate ideas and recommendations for consideration by the Government elected in July 2006...

Information Systems and the Interpretation of Roman Cadastres

Fonte: Oxford : B.A.R. Publicador: Oxford : B.A.R.
Tipo: Artikel
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%

Land distribution, prices and ownership : the case of Cundinamarca during the second half of the 19th century

FAZIO, Antonella
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
During the 19th century Export Economy had consequences on land markets. In this way, some "institutional arrangements” in land property rights were required, which had consequences on land prices, distribution and ownership. Due to the difficulty for collecting quantitative information, they are few quantitative writings about land for the case of Colombia. In this sense, the aim of this work is to understand, through quantitative information, the importance that land and land property rights had in Colombian history and its current economic performance. I will take into consideration the Region (Departamento) of Cundinamarca. As primary sources I used the information contained in the Cadastres Surveys made in 1878 and in 1890 and in the land deeds taken from the office of Notaría I in Bogotá (1868-1900). Based on this quantitative information this book is composed by three chapters. First chapter reveals that in Cundinamarca land was distributed in an unequal manner (land gini were quite high). Nevertheless, this research goes beyond this result of land inequality. In fact, contrary to the traditional neo-institutionalism point of view this research proves that land concentration not necessarily led to bad economic outcomes but that may lead to good or bad outcomes in human capital accumulation...

Estimating the benefits of Spatial Data Infrastructures: A Case-Study on e-Cadastres

BORZACCHIELLO MARIA TERESA; CRAGLIA Massimo
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.71%
The investments of public administrations and organisations for the development of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) should be informed by the analysis of the concrete benefits that such infrastructures may bring to their providers, their users, and society at large. Bibliographic evidence suggests that very little has been done in this respect, apart from theoretical hypotheses and some ex-ante assessments using the few data and experiences available. On the other hand, recent studies on regional SDIs have indicated that the application related to the Cadastre may have a big impact on society, due to the large number of users recorded. Indeed, e-Government services, including the ones providing access to Cadastral activities, have seen a big development in recent years. This paper analyses the case study of e-Cadastre, focusing on the benefits that society may obtain, in comparison with the traditional paper-based Cadastral service which still coexists with the e-Cadastre. The paper will present and analyse the results of a survey to several European Cadastral Agencies, focusing on the benefits for the users, in terms of time and cost saved. The findings show that the shift from the paper-based alternative to the electronic alternative helps citizens save time and money...

Mineral Rights Cadastre : Promoting Transparent Access to Mineral Resources; Cadastres miniers : promotion d'un acces transparent aux ressources minerales Catastro minero : promoviendo la transparencia en el acceso a los recursos minerales

Ortega Girones, Enrique; Pugachevsky, Alexandra; Walser, Gotthard
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.36%
This document proposes a set of generally applicable recommendations and good practices for creating a Mineral Rights Cadastre (MRC), an administrative body responsible for overseeing the process of granting and managing mineral licenses throughout a country. The document reviews lessons learned from World Bank-funded projects aimed at reforming mineral rights management and assesses the impacts and benefits of the implemented changes. The document focuses on the MRC system as a key regulatory agency of mining sector administration. This study is also intended to fill a gap in the literature on mining sector administration, as few publications since roughly the 1930s have been dedicated to the overall analysis of MRCs, particularly in relation to modern and recent mining cadastral practices. While the overall concepts and principles presented in this document are intended to be universally valid and applicable, there is no single solution to mining sector development, and it would be unrealistic to believe that actions that have been successful in one country can be directly transferred to others. The MRC of any given country will need to be adapted to that particular country's culture...

The Making of a National Cadastre (1763-1807): State Uniformization, Nature Valuation, and Organizational Change in France

Santana Acuna, Alvaro Agustin
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.36%
How does a cadastre, one of the modern state's most omnipresent and yet self-effacing instruments of power over territory and people, become national? How are the processes of nation-state formation and the rise of modern scientific expertise connected to the nationalization of a cadastre? This dissertation tackles both questions by studying the nationalization of the French cadastre between 1763 and 1807. This is one of the most influential national cadastres for it became the blueprint followed by many emerging nation-states in Europe and beyond. The literature has explained its nationalization as the outcome of straightforward state centralization. This dissertation, on the contrary, argues that the shift from local cadastres to a national cadastre was the result of a dual uniformization process: political (the spread of a discourse of administrative uniformity) and scientific (the emergence of professional land surveyors). To advance this argument, the dissertation uses historical methods and analyzes unstudied documentation from five archives. Contrary to the available literature, it finds that cadastral nationalization faced royal intendants' resistance (conventionally portrayed as hardcore state centralizers) and benefited from citizens' enthusiastic input (traditionally presented as opponents to projects of territorial nationalization). Furthermore...

El Territori i poblament del Vallès en época antiga Del sorgiment de la societat ibèrica a la romanització (ss. VI aC. – II dC.). Estudi arqueomorfològic i històric

Oller Guzmán, Joan,
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 CAT; CAT
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.36%
L'objectiu d'aquesta tesi doctoral consisteix en una aproximació a l'evolució del poblament i el territori en època antiga a la zona de l'actual Vallès. Es tracta d'un territori coherent a nivell geogràfic i històric, que actualment comprendria les dues comarques vallesanes (Vallès Occidental i Oriental) i que a l'Antiguitat apareix referenciat com a Laietània interior. Aquesta aproximació parteix d'una recopilació exhaustiva de totes les fonts d'informació disponibles, tant de caràcter literari, com epigràfic, numismàtic, documental i, especialment, arqueològic. De fet, la relativa abundant presència d'informació sobre aquesta territori en època antiga és un dels principals atractius a l'hora de plantejar-ne l'estudi. Un cop feta aquesta recopilació, s'ha dut a terme l'anàlisi històrica de l'evolució d'aquesta Laietània interior, situant-la en el context general del nord-est peninsular i d'Hispània, i amb una cronologia que se situaria entre els segles VI aC i el II dC. Aquest marc cronològic vindria determinat pel principal interès del nostre treball: determinar com Roma intervé a nivell territorial a la zona i com aquesta intervenció afectà a les poblacions autòctones. En aquest sentit, tot l'estudi gira al voltant de dos conceptes historiogràfics complexes i difícils de definir com serien...