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A produção tecnológica em incubadoras de empresas; The technological production in business incubators

Domingues, Leonardo de Lucas da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Trata-se de uma análise, com base no contexto atual, sobre como a ênfase na cultura do empreendedorismo pode influenciar as decisões na produção tecnológica em duas incubadoras de empresas de uma universidade pública do Rio Grande do Sul. Como etapa preliminar, também se avalia de que forma gestores e cientistas-empreendedores envolvidos com essa produção se posicionam perante a relação entre tecnologia e sociedade e se identifica quais questões pautam as escolhas e os direcionamentos da prática tecnológica utilizada pelas empresas incubadas e de que forma tal processo interfere na formatação final do que é produzido. O estudo é de natureza qualitativa, sendo o campo amostral composto por 10 agentes (4 gestores e 6 cientistasempreendedores) escolhidos por serem considerados responsáveis pelo desenvolvimento tecnológico nas incubadoras e nas empresas. Para examinar essas questões, discute-se: uma noção teórica da tecnologia como produção social; os modelos teóricos sobre a relação tecnologia e sociedade propostos por Andrew Feenberg (1991, 2002, 2003); além das aproximações entre a cultura empresarial e a produção científica, formando o que Javier Echeverría (2003a, 2003b) chama de tecnociência. Faz-se...

A Bibliometric Study on Culture Research in International Business

Pinto,Claudia Frias; Serra,Fernando Ribeiro; Ferreira,Manuel Portugal
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
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National cultures and cultural differences provide a crucial component of the international business (IB) research context. We conducted a bibliometric study of articles published in seven leading IB journals over a period of three decades to analyze how national culture has been impacting IB research. Co-citation mappings permit us to identify the ties binding works dealing with culture and cultural issues in IB. We identify two main clusters of research, each comprising two sub-clusters, with Hofstede’s (1980) work delineating much of the conceptual and empirical approach to culture-related studies. One main cluster entails works on the conceptualization of culture and its dimensions and the other cluster focuses on cultural distance. This conceptual framework captures the extant IB research incorporating culture-related concepts and influences.

Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes : Corporate Governance Country Assessment, Republic of Indonesia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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In reforming its corporate governance, and in establishing a rule-based business culture, Indonesia faces many challenges. The key challenges are as follows. Enforcement of laws and regulations needs to be strengthened. Administrative sanctions for violation of securities or disclosure rules may not be adequate. Efforts should be expended to ensure that corporate officials in the position of trust are held accountable when they violate the law. Sanctions should go beyond fines, and the incentive system should be changed so that violators are truly discouraged, and good corporate behavior is promoted. This requires strengthening enforcement capacity of Bapepam for securities violations, and its independence as the securities regulator. The Company Law should explicitly refer to the fiduciary duties of directors and managers for violation of securities laws. Current efforts to amend the Company Law need to be expedited. Further efforts should also be expended to develop alternative (non-judiciary) mechanisms...

Greening Global Value Chains : Some Implementation Challenges

Sinclair-Desgagné, Bernard
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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The paper aims to highlight some of the most important implementation issues associated with the greening of global value chains with special attention given to how public policies and business strategies can support each other in meeting the challenge, particularly in developing countries. This requires a systemic view of global value chains that includes downstream supply chains and explicitly takes into account the relationships between regular members (raw materials providers, component manufacturers, and assembly plants, notably) and their clean-tech suppliers. It also involves a careful description of the business landscapes of global value chains as well as reliable environmental metrics and data, carefully examining how these can be shared among global value chain members and their stakeholders. Certain incentives must be set within member firms and throughout the supply chain and this involves reviewing managerial practices -- monitoring and auditing of environmental performance, compensation and rewards...

Guanxi, Mianzi, and Business : The Impact of Culture on Corporate Governance in China

Smith, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Before taking advantage of the growing opportunities of the Chinese market, investors will do well to understand the strong influence of Chinese culture on the way businesses operate, how they govern themselves, and how they interact with each other. The author (David Smith) identifies two key cultural and sociological issues of particular interest guanxi (relationships and networks) and mianzi (face). He analyzes their most common implications for investors in areas such as related-party transactions, board composition and deliberations, and shareholder engagement.

Making Reforms Work in the Caribbean : A Collective Action Approach to Growth

Gallina, Andrea; Giannozzi, Sara
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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The Caribbean Growth Forum (CGF) was thus designed to respond to these concerns: to be both a forum of dialogue to identify needed reforms, and a catalyst for the implemen¬tation of agreed reform priorities, creating the needed accelerators to make reforms happen, while keeping in mind the political economy factors that have impeded reforms in the past. Since inception, the CGF process has been solidly grounded on few core principles: (i) tailor¬ing: the approach is based on locally defined problems and solutions (home grown); (ii) ac¬tion-orientation: prioritization and sequencing of reforms (e.g., combining gradual reforms with longer term structural changes) and their translation into clear, achievable and measur¬able targets, dashboards and roadmaps for implementation; (iii) transparency: making both targets and the process public to increase participation and shared commitments, thus creat¬ing a routine culture of public reporting to track progress openly (introduce behavioral chang¬es); (iv) flexibility: to ensure that the process allows for adjustments if targets are not reached and to create space for innovation; and (v) accountability: infusing a sense of shared re¬sponsibility across the coalition that is supporting change...

Business Culture Issues in Vietnam: Case Studies

Do, Thien; Quilty, Mary; Milner, Anthony; Longstaff, Simon
Fonte: School of Management, Marketing, and International Business, ANU Publicador: School of Management, Marketing, and International Business, ANU
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper
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What practical issues can arise when doing business in Vietnam? How is Vietnam adapting to the demands of the market economy? In particular, how does a knowledge of Vietnamese business culture, and history, help to clear up misunderstandings – especially involving relations between foreign business people and representatives from Vietnamese business and government? Does the Vietnamese experience have a broader value in the Asian region, where numerous different societies have been seeking a way to engage vigorously in international commerce – yet without losing touch with their own ethical foundations? ... ¶ This volume presents case study material relating to business in Vietnam. It outlines real issues and problems that have arisen – and then seeks to provide a cultural and historical context in which to understand them, and perhaps even solve them.; The research was undertaken in a cooperative project between Australian National University researchers and the St. James Ethics Centre, and received funding from the Australian Research Council. The St. James Ethics Centre helped to establish both the directions of the Project and a most valuable cooperative arrangement with the Vietnamese Ministry of Trade in Hanoi.; no

Europe and the Asia-Pacific: culture, identity and representations of region

Lawson, Stephanie
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 64609 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Issues of culture and identity have been prominent themes in social and political enquiry over the last decade or so. They have become just as conspicuous in political debates outside the academy as well. This has been especially evident in the Asia-Pacific region, especially with respect to relations with Europe and, more generally, ‘the West’. For much of the 1990s, the ‘Asian values’ debate held sway as the major discourse surrounding key developments in the region. From normative issues such as democracy and human rights, to the analysis of the world of business and finance, Asian ‘culture’ – and therefore values – has been regarded as a major factor in defining the region and its identity. These definitions of region, moreover, have usually taken ‘the West’ as the major point of contrast. This paper provides a conceptual overview of some of the issues involved in the politics of cultural representation, highlighting the fact that gross exercizes in stereotyping, including self-stereotyping, have plagued many discussions of regionalism and inter-regional relations. It will be argued that social scientists have made their own distinctive contributions to these stereotypes with some promoting theories of relativism and determinism on the one hand...

A succession of successions: Experiences of the third generation Kennard family-in-business

Thomas, J.
Fonte: Cyprus International Institute of Management; Cyprus Publicador: Cyprus International Institute of Management; Cyprus
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2009 EN
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While succession is a key focus for family businesses to ensure their continuity, the academic community has also long recognised its significance. A 2003 white paper (Chrisman, Chua, & Sharma 2003), found that succession continues to dominate the family business research literature with over 22% of the articles having succession as the primary topic and another 8% including succession as a secondary topic. Topics for succession research have covered five broad areas: the predecessor or the incumbent-related factors; successor related factors; family-specific factors; business-specific factors; and the succession process. Particular issues researched include family dynamics and personality issues as well as difficulties with the incumbent ‘letting go’; and the role of family culture and trust in effective succession outcomes. Governance issues and how appropriate board structures can assist effective succession have been explored. Le Breton-Miller et al (2004) found that a lesser focus in the succession literature is that of the context in which the family businesses are operating such as the competitive environment of the industry as well as the cultural, social, and family norms. This case study explores how such contexts have shaped the Kennard family-in-business approach to management and ownership succession to ensure the continuity of their favourable current position in the market.; http://www.ifera2009.org/; Jill Thomas

Essential elements in international contract negotiations

Theodosiou, Ioannis E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 83 p. : ill. ;
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This research examines the interaction of groups in the environment of international contract negotiations. The thesis addresses psychological aspects of negotiation, such as roles of social relationships, egocentrism, motivated illusions and emotion. The thesis examines the role of culture in cross-border negotiations and describes major effects from negotiation definitions, selection of negotiators, protocol, communication, time, risk propensity, group versus individual decision making, and nature of the agreement. Interviews conducted with expert negotiators yielded a set of factors that research participants identified as the most influential in the negotiation process and its outcome. Recommendations are offered in regards to common issues that arise during an international negotiation process. These include: (a) thoroughly preparing for all aspects of the contract; (b) aiming toward mutual gain; (c) planning for alternatives that the other party can accept; (d) expressing disagreements with a polite and non-argumentative manner; (e) adjustment to the degree of formality of the host team; and (f) understanding the other party's authority to commit as well as the decision making structure of the organization it represents. If a negotiator learns to cope with them at a sufficient level...

Business strategy and information systems alignment : a study of the use of enterprise architectures in Australian Government

Martin, Nigel James
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
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This thesis investigates the use of Enterprise Architectures ("the logical structuring and classification of descriptive representations of an enterprise") as enablers of alignment between business strategy and information systems in public sector agencies. The scope of this study has been shaped by Australian government policies that have set finn directions for the delivery of community products and services in the electronic domain. Foundation management and information systems theories, empirical studies and public management literature -have been used extensively in grounding this research study. A substantial body of literature has been reviewed, and this study positioned in the context of these prior literary works. In particular, the principal alignment theories have been adopted and the research model developed from the published works of eminent management and information systems researchers. The primary research question asks whether Enterprise Architectures are enablers of business strategy and information systems alignment, and if so, what are the associated alignment enabling processes? The study's four research themes are: (i) Enterprise Architecture frameworks and methods; (ii) architectural completeness; (iii) the social aspects of alignment (management support...

Taking Stock: Aboriginal autonomy through enterprise

Wells, Samantha Jane
Fonte: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit (NARU); http://naru.anu.edu.au Publicador: Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit (NARU); http://naru.anu.edu.au
Tipo: Book; Published Version Formato: 220 pages
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The Arnhem Land Progress Association (ALPA) has operated stores for up to twenty years in many Arnhem Land communities. It started by buying ration stores formerly operated by the Methodist Overseas Mission. These were mainly small, poorly stocked counter stores, generally operated on an intermittent basis by the mission staff and their families. The organisation at both the local level and at the central administrative level has gone through many changes during its twenty years in operation including its formal separation from the Church, the building up and expansion of the retail store infrastructure in each ALPA member community, and various changes in direction and philosophy under the leadership of the different ALPA Group Managers (now called Executive Directors). In an era when the operation of retail stores in remote communities has proved extremely risky (see Young 1984), ALPA has succeeded in providing the communities with efficient, well stocked, modem retail stores with many ancillary services. Since its inception ALPA has seen itself as an alternative development agency catering for Aboriginal communities both in Arnhem Land and in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Not content with providing an essential retail service...

Can the EU-Australia trade and business relationship benefit from improved higher education mobility?

Lee, Karina
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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The evolution in the nature of international trade has an impact on higher education mobility. The shift towards greater flows of human capital, knowledge and skills sees a return of training to its roots in education so as to cultivate the necessary skills for the changing world. The major causes behind these trends are the developments of globalisation and furthering of communication technology; both of which have also heightened the value of the services industry, in a seemingly smaller world with closer interaction and consolidation of the global job market. There are several ways of approaching this discussion. The first approach recognises that higher education mobility and the education sector in general are highly valuable to the economies of the EU and Australia. Australia has invested much into higher education mobility, through financial support for Australian students' tuition fees and study exchange programmes, and institutions in order to develop the necessary skills for a knowledge-based economy. From another approach, the processes of globalisation are creating a new form of statehood, known as the "post-modern" state, where its citizens are global citizens. Closer interaction of the international community may highlight cultural differences...

Culture and Corporate Governance Principles in India : Reconcilable Clashes?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
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The structures, institutions, and legal framework of corporate governance are developed and administered by individuals whose behaviors are shaped by cultural and personal concepts of hope, ambition, greed, fear, uncertainty, and hubris, as well as by the social ethos. A problem arises when these influences do not conform to the regulatory prescriptions of corporate governance. This private sector opinion explores the dynamics of culture and corporate governance in India by calling attention to three areas where the clashes are strongest: related-party transactions, the promoter's or large shareholder's actions, and the board's nominations, deliberations, and effectiveness.

Voices for the World's Poor : Selected Speeches of the World Bank President James D. Wolfensohn, 1995-2005

Wolfensohn, James D.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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Voices of the World's Poor brings together over 100 of Wolfensohn's most important and inspiring speeches, essays and letters during the decade of his presidency. It presents the most thought-provoking ideas on critical global issues, including poverty, HIV/AIDS, trade, globalization, education, human rights, peace and security. Written during some of the most tumultuous times in recent history, Wolfensohn's writings examines key global events and issues, from Bosnia's reconstruction, the Asian financial crisis, and the rise of the globalization movement, to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the aftermath of the Iraq war, and the outpouring of help for the victims of the tsunami of December 2004.The works collected here describes both Wolfensohn's thinking on development and his advocacy for the world's poor. This book will be an invaluable resource for any audience interested, in development, international relations, the World Bank and Wolfensohn himself.

Managing business relationship development : a cross­ cultural perspective

Cheng-Lung, Li
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão Publicador: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
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Cross-cultural issues have been put forward to explain the high failure rate among American firms doing business in China and vice versa. This study focuses on investigating the strategic orientations and behaviors of subsidiaries in business relationship development (BRD) for multinational firms with bases in both countries. In particular, it explores how local managers perceive the effectiveness of BRD and cope with issues between the parent company and the local environment. The study conducted multiple-case studies, based on examination of documents, observation and extensive interviews with local managers from four multinational firms. It provides an integrated perspective for increasing the success of BRD for a subsidiary's manager dealing with interactions between the organizational culture of its parent company and the subsidiary's environment. The research focuses on understanding how organizational culture may conflict with a subsidiary's local environment and affect the local manager's strategic orientation, which in turn produces different performance expectations.

Modelo de conciencia ambiental y su importancia en la cultura organizacional de Biomax S.A; Environmental awareness model and its importance in organizational culture Biomax S.A.

Ortega Avellaneda, RocÍo del Pilar; García Carvajal, Santiago
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Estudios a Distancia; Especialización en Alta Gerencia Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Estudios a Distancia; Especialización en Alta Gerencia
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
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El presente trabajo de grado titulado el modelo de conciencia ambiental y su importancia en la cultura organizacional de Biomax presenta un análisis de la incidencia de dichos factores sobre el comportamiento y las acciones que apropian los colaboradores de la organización en pro del medio ambiente. Se eligió a Biomax S.A. como organización de estudio, teniendo en cuenta el impacto ambiental que ésta representa por su tipología empresarial que la caracteriza como distribuidora de combustibles líquidos derivados del petróleo, lo cual a su vez le exige en un mayor nivel ajustar sus prácticas organizacionales hacia el cumplimiento de la responsabilidad social empresarial. Para ello, se llevó a cabo una construcción teórica que permitió determinar los conceptos claves para el desarrollo de la investigación como son la cultura, organizacional, conciencia ambiental y Responsabilidad Ambiental Empresarial y cómo se enmarcan en la sostenibilidad. Se percibió además la necesidad que desde las organizaciones se traten con más profundidad y cabalidad temas como este que impactan a toda la sociedad...

Sustainable Corporate Culture Through Sustainable Human Resources Systems

Rousseau, Alexandra
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 621287 bytes; application/pdf
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The research from which this report is based on consists of an analysis of the web site of the top 100 US corporations, as well as a survey mailed to the human resources executive of each of the top 250 US corporations (10% response rate). A primary observation in the findings is the large variation existing among top US corporations when it comes to their commitment to sustainability, and their demonstration of this commitment through the integration of sustainability practices into their corporate cultures. Companies such as Berkshire Hathaway Inc., for example, exemplify a lack of integration of sustainability practices, while companies such as ATT, Inc. and International Business Machines Corp., embody what it means to develop and cultivate a sustainable corporate culture, and reap the benefits of the value this effort brings. In general, the research points to a lack of consensus and understanding of what sustainability means among the top US corporations, and perhaps a lack of prioritization of sustainability issues. From the website analysis, two-thirds of the top 100 US corporations report on sustainability issues, but only 43% chose to make sustainability immediately visible on their corporate website landing page. The large discrepancy between the number of companies that report on sustainability (67%) and those which have integrated sustainability issues in their corporate mission (5%) or vision (6%) statements may point to sustainability being regarded more as a public relations tool rather than a vital component of corporate culture. There are nonetheless some encouraging findings: executive support of sustainability is strong (both among respondents of the written survey and the web analysis). This kind of support is critical to developing a sustainability-oriented corporate culture. Human resources as a function should exert stronger leadership. It can facilitate the advancement of sustainability by managing change...

The Japanese bank, Bangkok branch: A Case study of teamwork empowerment in Japanese corporate culture

Kamolratana, Parichat
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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In the competitive world at present time, the continuous improvement of one company to be outstanding among its rivals is elemental factor. The service business in the bank also experiences many competitors. The alternative for the bank to make the productive gain thus involves a foremost improvement on the personnel realm. To maintain the quality of service, the bank employees, as members of teamwork, are the central part. The teamwork empowerment of the bank will serve as the way to fulfill the team members' fundamental commitment of their work environment. This satisfaction will influence subsequently to the customer satisfaction. On that account, the bank's comprehension of what such members of teamwork need is important. This case study investigated the Japanese Bank, Bangkok Branch in how the teamwork are fostered in their own corporate culture and what are the defects that caused the unpleasing business outcome to the bank. To do so, the questionnaires of team survey were conducted to the employees of this bank. The issues concern their attitude on the job, management effectiveness and communication, compensation, and their work environment in general. The results analyzed by the SPSS program revealed that the ineffectiveness in empowering teamwork at the proper ways may bring the bank into the difficult situations: the high turnover rate of the employees and the poor service to the customers. Moreover...

Business culture and entrepreneurship in the Ionian Islands under British rule, 1815-1864

Gekas, Sakis
Fonte: Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2005 EN; EN
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This paper explores the emergence of a business culture among merchants and entrepreneurs in the Ionian Islands during the period of British rule (1815-1864). New forms of business organisation (the joint-stock company), and novel commercial practices, such as advertising, represent examples of institutional but also cultural change. The petitions of merchants, submitted to the central administration, demonstrate the specific strategies used to pursue commercial interests. The changes introduced during the period of British rule, continuing long-established relations with western economic powers, and the existence of a multi-cultural business world in the port towns of the islands advanced the business opportunities for the merchants resident there (foreigners or nationals) but also advanced the integration of the Ionian Islands to the wider Mediterranean and world market. The Ionian Islands case provides an opportunity to look at the formation of networks and institutions through the articulation and promotion of interests by merchants. The paper proceeds as follows; theoretical and historiographical influences are acknowledged and clarified first while the aspects of institutional change and the new forms of business organisation are presented afterwards. These are followed by examples of petitions submitted by merchants on commercial issues...