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Modeling of Distributed Control Systems in Intelligent Building based on Colored Petri Nets

IGEI, P. J.; Cugnasca, Carlos Eduardo; GARCIA, J. I.; MIYAGI, P. E.
Fonte: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC Publicador: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.65%
Distributed control systems consist of sensors, actuators and controllers, interconnected by communication networks and are characterized by a high number of concurrent process. This work presents a proposal for a procedure to model and analyze communication networks for distributed control systems in intelligent building. The approach considered for this purpose is based on the characterization of the control system as a discrete event system and application of coloured Petri net as a formal method for specification, analysis and verification of control solutions. With this approach, we develop the models that compose the communication networks for the control systems of intelligent building, which are considered the relationships between the various buildings systems. This procedure provides a structured development of models, facilitating the process of specifying the control algorithm. An application example is presented in order to illustrate the main features of this approach.

Modeling of active holonic control systems for intelligent buildings

Silva, R. M.; Arakaki, Júlio; Junqueira, Fabrício; Santos Filho, Diolino Jose dos; Miyagi, Paulo Eigi
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.69%
Building facilities have become important infrastructures for modern productive plants dedicated to services. In this context, the control systems of intelligent buildings have evolved while their reliability has evidently improved. However, the occurrence of faults is inevitable in systems conceived, constructed and operated by humans. Thus, a practical alternative approach is found to be very useful to reduce the consequences of faults. Yet, only few publications address intelligent building modeling processes that take into consideration the occurrence of faults and how to manage their consequences. In the light of the foregoing, a procedure is proposed for the modeling of intelligent building control systems, considersing their functional specifications in normal operation and in the of the event of faults. The proposed procedure adopts the concepts of discrete event systems and holons, and explores Petri nets and their extensions so as to represent the structure and operation of control systems for intelligent buildings under normal and abnormal situations. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Uma arquitetura de software neuro-reativa para sistemas de automação do ambiente construído; Neuro-reactive software architecture applied to building automation systems

Tibiriçá, Álvaro Messias Bigonha
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/12/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.52%
Esta tese propõe uma arquitetura de software neuro-reativa para sistemas de automação do ambiente construído. O objetivo é facilitar o desenvolvimento, a manutenção e a expansão desses sistemas, através de três requisitos norteadores: modularidade, flexibilidade e capacidade de integração das partes. Um modelo baseado em unidades chamadas de "neurônios" e de "glândulas" é proposto. Esses elementos fundamentais têm características reativas e podem ser combinados formando diferentes sistemas de automação. Uma versão da arquitetura proposta é programada na linguagem Java utilizando tecnologias como CORBA e MySQL. Por fim, uma casa fictícia é utilizada como exemplo para demonstrar a aplicação da arquitetura proposta.; This thesis presents a neuro-reactive software architecture applied to building automation systems. The objective is to make development, maintenance and ex-pansion of these systems easier through three main requirements: modularity, flex-ibility and parts integration capability. A model with units called neurons and glands is proposed. These fundamental elements have reactive characteristics and are combined to constitute automation systems. A version of proposed architecture is programmed in Java language using technologies like CORBA and MySQL. In the end...

Projeto de um prédio de energia líquida zero (PELZ) com foco nos sistemas; Design of a net zero energy building (NZEB) with a focus on systems

Torres, Rafael Gerzson
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.67%
Este trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar o projeto de um Prédio de Energia Líquida Zero (PELZ), ou seja, um prédio onde o balanço de energia é menor que ou igual a zero, em escala anual. Este projeto ilustra a possibilidade da construção de edificações eficientes, através de corretas alternativas. A ocupação terá como padrão um prédio de escritórios, dentro de um ambiente acadêmico. Para tanto, se utilizou dados climáticos e o software de simulação EnergyPlus. As estratégias para os sistemas da edificação utilizadas neste projeto: utilização de painéis fotovoltaicos, sensores fotoelétricos e dimerização para controle da iluminação artificial, prateleiras de luz para difundir e homogeneizar a iluminação natural, seleção de equipamentos eficientes, coleta de água das chuvas e uma torre evaporativa para realizar o arrefecimento dos ambientes. Com estas aplicações, realizaram-se simulações para alcançar os resultados visados. O balanço energético líquido, em escala anual, foi de -1516 kW.h, significando que, no sítio, foi consumido menos energia do que produzido pelos módulos fotovoltaicos. Além disto, teve-se a preocupação de manter conforto térmico e conforto lumínico para os ocupantes. A menor temperatura no interior da edificação...

Vírus da diarreia viral bovina (bvdv) em rebanhos leiteiros: um estudo de caso-controle pareado e estratégias de construção de modelos; Bovine viral diarrhea virus (bvdv) in dairy cattle: a matched case-control study and model building strategy

Machado, Gustavo
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.65%
O vírus da diarreia viral bovina (BVDV) causa uma das doenças mais importantes de bovinos em termos de custos econômicos e sociais, uma vez que é largamente disseminado na população de gado leiteiro. Os objetivos do trabalho foram estimar a prevalência em nível de rebanho e investigar fatores associados aos níveis de anticorpos em leite de tanque através de um estudo de caso-controle pareado, bem como discutir estratégias de construção de modelos. Para estimar a prevalência de rebanho, amostras de tanque de leite foram selecionadas aleatoriamente (n = 314) de uma população (N = 1604). A prevalência real de BVDV foi de 24,3% (IC95% = 20,1-29,3%). Para o estudo de caso-controle, rebanhos positivos para BVDV (altos níveis de anticorpos) foram classificados como casos (n = 21) e pareados (n = 63) por produção de leite com rebanhos que apresentaram baixos títulos de anticorpos (razão 1:3). Para análise, três modelos multivariáveis foram construídos: 1) modelo completo, onde todas as 21 variáveis independentes foram oferecidas, e dois modelos foram criados de acordo com conhecimento empírico e similaridades entre as variáveis independentes, 2) modelo de fatores animais e 3) modelo de biossegurança. Um questionário foi aplicado (n = 84) para obtenção de informações a respeito de possíveis fatores de risco para BVDV. O modelo completo (Modelo 1) identificou as seguintes variáveis: idade com critério de eliminação (OR = 0...

Operative Platform Applied to Building Automation

Figueiredo, Joao; Sa da Costa, Jose
Fonte: Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.73%
This article introduces an advanced control structure to be applied to building automation. This structure is composed by three inter-related levels: the Operational-level – where the field equipment is controlled, the Inter-Active level - where inhabitants communicate the building their preferences regarding control variables (lights, temperature, etc) and the higher-level control, the Overall Building Well-Being Model, which manages the global building, taking into account the optimization of the inhabitants preferences, constrained by the available resources. At this third level the inter-building communication is available. Each building has the capability to communicate with its neighbours, informing about fires, floods, security problems, power consumption expectations, etc. This article implements one of the three above referred inter-related control levels: the Operational-level control. This operative platform is structured over a cascade hierarchical control architecture where inner-loops are performed by local PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers), and the outer-loop is managed by a centralized SCADA system (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) that interacts with the entire PLC network. The lower level control loop assures high processing velocity tasks...

A Framework based on concurrent Object-oriented programming for Building Behavior-based Control Systems for Mobile Robots

Xavier,José Eduardo Mendonça; Schneebeli,Hansjörg Andreas
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.59%
An approach based on concurrent object oriented programming (COOP) to build a control system for a mobile robot is presented. A behavior-based control system is decomposed in intercommunicating concurrent objects named Agents. These agents belong to five categories: Primitive Sensor, Virtual Sensor, Behavior, Primitive Actuator and Virtual Actuator. Based on this approach, a C++ tool is developed, where the categories above are implemented as C++ classes, in which built-in communication mechanisms are included. Each class has a standard interface and functionality. It is possible, then, to develop a complex control system by deriving new classes from the base classes and by instantiating objects. These objects are interconnected in a dynamic manner and thus building a control system with different behavior levels, which is able to react to environment changes.

Energy Consumption and Control Response Evaluations of AODV Routing in WSANs for Building-Temperature Control

Booranawong, Apidet; Teerapabkajorndet, Wiklom; Limsakul, Chusak
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.6%
The main objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of routing protocols on wireless sensor and actuator networks (WSANs), focusing on the control system response and the energy consumption of nodes in a network. We demonstrate that routing algorithms designed without considering the relationship between communication and control cannot be appropriately used in wireless networked control applications. For this purpose, an ad-hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing, an IEEE 802.15.4, and a building-temperature control system are employed for this exploration. The findings from our scenarios show that the AODV routing can select a path with a high traffic load for data transmission. It takes a long time before deciding to change a new route although it experiences the unsuccessful transmission of packets. As a result, the desirable control target cannot be achieved in time, and nodes consume more energy due to frequent packet collisions and retransmissions. Consequently, we propose a simple routing solution to alleviate these research problems by modifying the original AODV routing protocol. The delay-threshold is considered to avoid any congested connection during routing procedures. The simulation results demonstrate that our solution can be appropriately applied in WSANs. Both the energy consumption and the control system response are improved.

Building load control and optimization

Xing, Hai-Yun Helen, 1976-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 224 p.; 14113928 bytes; 14143036 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.67%
Researchers and practitioners have proposed a variety of solutions to reduce electricity consumption and curtail peak demand. This research focuses on load control by improving the operations in existing building HVAC (Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning) systems and by aggregating individual loads based on optimization studies. Emphasis is placed on electricity rates and climate data in California, where electricity costs have been of particular concern. The optimization problem in this research is multi-objective in the sense that we aim to reduce building load while maintaining an acceptable level of comfort. The first part of this research focuses on optimizing controls in a single building. A simple three-zone VAV system model is built in EnergyPlus (E+). The cost function structures and the potential difficulties associated with simulation-based optimization are discussed. Discontinuity and nonlinearity are of major concern. Two optimization algorithms are tested and applied to a variety of problems: Direct Search (DS) and Genetic Algorithms (GA). An E+ simulation based GA optimization environment is developed in Matlab. DS is found to be efficient with small problems in this research, while GA works in almost any situation with the price of intensive computation. A few operations guidelines are proposed. The second part of this research presents three ways of optimizing load control in an aggregation pool: Enumeration...

Design, construction, monitoring & control of a mock-up building module for testing new components and systems; Diseño, construcción, monitorización y control de un módulo prototipo de edificación para ensayo de nuevos componentes y sistemas

Sánchez Labrador, Raúl
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.73%
In view of the difficulties with implementing the innovative components and systems conceived in the I3CON project on a dwelled building (because of their early stage of development), one of the main demonstration activities was building a Mock-up module to test the feasibility (in terms of physical integration and logical interoperability) of these components and systems, and evaluate their overall performance. The design of all the systems involved in the Mock-up has the aim to develop new and more efficient solutions for the common issues in housing and, at the same time, to allow the evaluation of these systems. The values to be measured and monitored are: water (hot and cold), electricity and energy consumptions; temperature (ambient and surface) and relative humidity degree, both indoor and outdoor; presence; water temperature and flow; CO2 concentration; and light level. This is done by means of a network of sensors, meters and actuators deployed throughout the Mock-up. The following components and systems have been developed by I3CON partners and are implemented in the Mock-up, namely: - Façade panels, by Dragados (DRA). - Electro-chromic windows, by Saint-Gobain Recherche (SGR). - Under-floor radiant heating, Water saving system and Domestic fire extinguishing system...

A model of school managerial control : the systematic analysis of managerial behaviors, processes, and indicators

Bogotch, Ira Elliot
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.66%
The theoretical construct of control has been defined as necessary (Etzioni, 1965), ubiquitous (Vickers, 1967), and on-going (E. Langer, 1983). Empirical measures, however, have not adequately given meaning to this potent construct, especially within complex organizations such as schools. Four stages of theory-development and empirical testing of school building managerial control using principals and teachers working within the nation's fourth largest district are presented in this dissertation as follows: (1) a review and synthesis of social science theories of control across the literatures of organizational theory, political science, sociology, psychology, and philosophy; (2) a systematic analysis of school managerial activities performed at the building level within the context of curricular and instructional tasks; (3) the development of a survey questionnaire to measure school building managerial control; and (4) initial tests of construct validity including inter-item reliability statistics, principal components analyses, and multivariate tests of significance. The social science synthesis provided support of four managerial control processes: standards, information, assessment, and incentives. The systematic analysis of school managerial activities led to further categorization between structural frequency of behaviors and discretionary qualities of behaviors across each of the control processes and the curricular and instructional tasks. Teacher survey responses (N=486) reported a significant difference between these two dimensions of control...

Corporate Governance and Enterprise Reform in China : Building the Institutions of Modern Markets

Tenev, Stoyan; Zhang, Chunlin; Brefort, Loup
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Finance Corporation Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Finance Corporation
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.66%
This book explores the short- to medium-term corporate governance issues that China is encountering during the course of corporation and ownership transformation of its enterprise sector. The study looks at companies participating in the two main forms of ownership diversification: listed companies and small and medium enterprises whose ownership structure is dominated by insiders. The focus is on the new mechanisms and stakeholders emerging during the process of ownership diversification and their role in corporate governance. Recommended priorities for action are based on the following guiding principles: 1) Corporate governance scandals in emerging and developed markets indicate that there is no perfect corporate governance model. An effective corporate governance system should be capable of identifying weaknesses before they develop into systemic problems. 2) The institutional mechanisms of corporate governance comprise a system that can employ alternative yet complementary instruments of control to effectuate changes in companies' behavior. Based on these principles...

Problems in enforcing Dutch building regulations

Van der Heijden, Jeroen; Visscher, Henk; Meijer, Frits
Fonte: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd Publicador: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.65%
Purpose - The paper seeks to define the nature of the policy problems in Dutch building control. Design/methodology/approach - The authors use Dunn's four-phase methodology for public policy analysis, consisting of problem sensing, problem search, problem

The Scenario Approach for Stochastic Model Predictive Control with Bounds on Closed-Loop Constraint Violations

Schildbach, Georg; Fagiano, Lorenzo; Frei, Christoph; Morari, Manfred
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.51%
Many practical applications of control require that constraints on the inputs and states of the system be respected, while optimizing some performance criterion. In the presence of model uncertainties or disturbances, for many control applications it suffices to keep the state constraints at least for a prescribed share of the time, as e.g. in building climate control or load mitigation for wind turbines. For such systems, a new control method of Scenario-Based Model Predictive Control (SCMPC) is presented in this paper. It optimizes the control inputs over a finite horizon, subject to robust constraint satisfaction under a finite number of random scenarios of the uncertainty and/or disturbances. While previous approaches have shown to be conservative (i.e. to stay far below the specified rate of constraint violations), the new method is the first to account for the special structure of the MPC problem in order to significantly reduce the number of scenarios. In combination with a new framework for interpreting the probabilistic constraints as average-in-time, rather than pointwise-in-time, the conservatism is eliminated. The presented method retains the essential advantages of SCMPC, namely the reduced computational complexity and the handling of arbitrary probability distributions. It also allows for adopting sample-and-remove strategies...

Experimental analysis of data-driven control for a building heating system

Costanzo, Giuseppe Tommaso; Iacovella, Sandro; Ruelens, Frederik; Leurs, T.; Claessens, Bert
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/07/2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.68%
Driven by the opportunity to harvest the flexibility related to building climate control for demand response applications, this work presents a data-driven control approach building upon recent advancements in reinforcement learning. More specifically, model assisted batch reinforcement learning is applied to the setting of building climate control subjected to a dynamic pricing. The underlying sequential decision making problem is cast on a markov decision problem, after which the control algorithm is detailed. In this work, fitted Q-iteration is used to construct a policy from a batch of experimental tuples. In those regions of the state space where the experimental sample density is low, virtual support samples are added using an artificial neural network. Finally, the resulting policy is shaped using domain knowledge. The control approach has been evaluated quantitatively using a simulation and qualitatively in a living lab. From the quantitative analysis it has been found that the control approach converges in approximately 20 days to obtain a control policy with a performance within 90% of the mathematical optimum. The experimental analysis confirms that within 10 to 20 days sensible policies are obtained that can be used for di?erent outside temperature regimes.; Comment: 11 pages...

Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Ortiz, Jorge; Culler, David; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/11/2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.66%
In this paper, we model energy use in commercial buildings using empirical data captured through sMAP, a campus building data portal at UC Berkeley. We conduct at-scale experiments in a newly constructed building on campus. By modulating the supply duct static pressure (SDSP) for the main supply air duct, we induce a response on the main supply fan and determine how much ancillary power flexibility can be provided by a typical commercial building. We show that the consequent intermittent fluctuations in the air mass flow into the building does not influence the building climate in a human-noticeable way. We estimate that at least 4 GW of regulation reserve is readily available only through commercial buildings in the US. Based on predictions this value will reach to 5.6 GW in 2035. We also show how thermal slack can be leveraged to provide an ancillary service to deal with transient frequency fluctuations in the grid. We consider a simplified model of the grid power system with time varying demand and generation and present a simple control scheme to direct the ancillary service power flow from buildings to improve on the classical automatic generation control (AGC)-based approach. Simulation results are provided to show the effectiveness of the proposed methodology for enhancing grid frequency regulation.; Comment: Proceedings of Green Energy and Systems Conference 2013...

Energy-Efficient Building HVAC Control Using Hybrid System LBMPC

Aswani, Anil; Master, Neal; Taneja, Jay; Krioukov, Andrew; Culler, David; Tomlin, Claire
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/04/2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.64%
Improving the energy-efficiency of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems has the potential to realize large economic and societal benefits. This paper concerns the system identification of a hybrid system model of a building-wide HVAC system and its subsequent control using a hybrid system formulation of learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC). Here, the learning refers to model updates to the hybrid system model that incorporate the heating effects due to occupancy, solar effects, outside air temperature (OAT), and equipment, in addition to integrator dynamics inherently present in low-level control. Though we make significant modeling simplifications, our corresponding controller that uses this model is able to experimentally achieve a large reduction in energy usage without any degradations in occupant comfort. It is in this way that we justify the modeling simplifications that we have made. We conclude by presenting results from experiments on our building HVAC testbed, which show an average of 1.5MWh of energy savings per day (p = 0.002) with a 95% confidence interval of 1.0MWh to 2.1MWh of energy savings.

Distributed Control of Networked Dynamical Systems: Static Feedback, Integral Action and Consensus

Andreasson, Martin; Dimarogonas, Dimos V.; Sandberg, Henrik; Johansson, Karl H.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.5%
This paper analyzes distributed control protocols for first- and second-order networked dynamical systems. We propose a class of nonlinear consensus controllers where the input of each agent can be written as a product of a nonlinear gain, and a sum of nonlinear interaction functions. By using integral Lyapunov functions, we prove the stability of the proposed control protocols, and explicitly characterize the equilibrium set. We also propose a distributed proportional-integral (PI) controller for networked dynamical systems. The PI controllers successfully attenuate constant disturbances in the network. We prove that agents with single-integrator dynamics are stable for any integral gain, and give an explicit tight upper bound on the integral gain for when the system is stable for agents with double-integrator dynamics. Throughout the paper we highlight some possible applications of the proposed controllers by realistic simulations of autonomous satellites, power systems and building temperature control.; Comment: Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on, July 2014

Liderança internacional em enfermagem relacionada ao fenômeno das drogas: um estudo de caso da experiência de colaboração entre a Comissão Interamericana para o Controle do Abuso das Drogas (CICAD) e a Universidade de Alberta - Faculdade de Enfermagem; Liderazgo internacional en enfermería relacionada al fenómeno de las drogas: un estudio de caso de la experiencia de colaboración entre la Comisión Interamericana para el Control del Abuso de las Drogas (CICAD) y la Universidad de Alberta - Facultad de Enfermería; International nursing leadership related to the drugs phenomenon: a case study of the partnership experience between the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) and the University of Alberta - Faculty of Nursing

Wright, Maria da Gloria Miotto; Caufield, Catherine; Gray, Genevieve; Olson, Joanne; Luduena, Alicia del Carmen; Oblitas, Flor Yesenia Musayon; Silva, Julia Huaiquian; David, Helena Maria Scherlowski; Chavez, Ketty Aracely Piedra; Bernal Roldan, Maria Car
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2005 ENG; POR; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.65%
Neste artigo, os autores discutem o valor da saúde internacional para o avanço da profissão de enfermagem através do desenvolvimento de uma sólida Liderança na área de redução da demanda de drogas. Os paradigmas de Liderança em enfermagem são brevemente revisados e têm apoiado o desenvolvimento de uma série de "Institutos Internacionais de Liderança em Enfermagem", organizados pela Comissão Interamericana para o Controle do Abuso de Drogas (CICAD). Os "Institutos Internacionais de Liderança em Enfermagem" têm servido como facilitadores da implementação da Fase III do Projeto da CICAD das Escolas de Enfermagem: a) planejamento e implementação do primeiro "Programa Internacional de Capacitação de Enfermeiros no Estudo do Fenômeno das Drogas na América Latina", b) desenvolvimento de Planos Estratégicos Regionais e Nacionais para a Profissão de Enfermagem na Área da Redução da Demanda de Drogas e c) preparação de um documento de diretrizes de como incluir o conteúdo de drogas nos currículos de graduação e pós-graduação em enfermagem. O artigo apresenta também as considerações dos diversos participantes do primeiro Programa Internacional de Capacitação para Enfermeiras(os), realizado com a colaboração da Faculdade de Enfermagem da Universidade de Alberta...

Pedagogical dimensions for the promotion of citizenship within social control

Aciole,Giovanni Gurgel
Fonte: Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação Publicador: Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.5%
This paper is about the social control practices found in the Brazilian National Health Care System (SUS) regarding its pedagogical dimensions. Social control practices have been deemed as alternatives to direct democracy and as a space for the defense of public interests in health care policies. The thought over the action of health councils recognizes the difficulties generated by conflicts and tensions brought forth by both individual and collective interests, ranging from individuality culture to citizenship relations. In addition, it encompasses the issue of power in its manifold manifestations. However, building social control in SUS means to maintain empowerment and overcome tensions and conflicts between both individual and citizen. At last, such aspects are thought to be pedagogical components to be explored for the construction of citizenship and democracy, and to improve social as well as public control in SUS.