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Uso de extratos vegetais como promotores do crescimento em frangos de corte; Use of plant extracts as growth promoters for broiler chickens

Barreto, Marina Sígolo Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/07/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.9%
Nas últimas décadas, a produção de carne de frango vem se intensificando por expressivos avanços tecnológicos. Nutricionalmente, os promotores de crescimento antimicrobianos (antibióticos e quimioterápicos) foram essenciais, beneficiando o desempenho e a eficiência alimentar, quando utilizados como aditivos nas dietas, em doses subterapêuticas. Apesar da comprovada contribuição no desempenho das aves, os antibióticos promotores de crescimento passaram a ser vistos como fatores de risco para a saúde humana, devido ao potencial desenvolvimento da resistência bacteriana cruzada em humanos. Recentemente, têm sido desenvolvidas diversas alternativas aos antibióticos promotores de crescimento, incluindo probióticos, prebióticos, ácidos orgânicos, enzimas e extratos vegetais. Seguindo essa tendência, este estudo teve o objetivo de avaliar a eficácia do uso de extratos vegetais como alternativas aos antimicrobianos promotores de crescimento em dietas de frangos de corte. Foram realizados dois experimentos com frangos de corte para avaliar os efeitos de diferentes extratos vegetais no desempenho, na energia metabolizável da dieta e na morfometria dos órgãos. O experimento de desempenho envolveu 1200 frangos de corte machos criados em galpão experimental no período de 1 a 42 dias de idade...

Determinação do balanço de calor em frangos de corte por meio das temperaturas corporais; Determination of heat balance in broiler chickens through body temperatures

Nascimento, Sheila Tavares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/11/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.94%
O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o comportamento térmico de diferentes linhagens de frangos de corte submetidas a estresse e conforto durante o ciclo de produção. Para isso, realizou-se um experimento em câmara climática, durante as seis semanas do ciclo de criação, em que os animais foram submetidos a duas condições ambientais: conforto e estresse. Foram adotados quatro tratamentos, sendo assim definidos: tratamento C60 (condição de conforto), com 60 minutos de exposição; tratamento E30, tratamento E60 e tratamento E90 (condição de estresse), com 30, 60 e 90 minutos de exposição, respectivamente. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o de quadrados latinos 4 x 4, sendo caracterizados por quatro lotes de aves, expostas aos quatro tratamentos, nos quatro primeiros dias de cada semana. As aves, das linhagens Avian e Cobb, foram divididas em lotes de 48 aves por semana, totalizando 96 animais, e totalizando 586 aves, de ambos os sexos, durante todo o período experimental. As variáveis climáticas adotadas para as condições de conforto e estresse diferiram ao longo das semanas, uma vez que as necessidades térmicas de frangos de corte diferem com o decorrer do ciclo produtivo. No primeiro capítulo, as variáveis fisiológicas...

Parâmetros genéticos para defeitos de pernas, características de desempenho e carcaça em frangos de corte; Genetic parameters of legs defects, performance and carcass traits in broiler chickens

Pertile, Simone Fernanda Nedel
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/07/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.8%
Os defeitos de pernas são decorrentes do rápido crescimento das aves, tornando-se necessário um estudo genético das associações entre essas características. Os objetivos deste estudo foram estimar os parâmetros genéticos para defeitos de pernas por escore visual, discondroplasia tibial, características de desempenho e carcaça, assim como estimar as tendências genéticas, ganho genético potencial e respostas correlacionadas, em uma linhagem de frangos de corte. O banco de dados utilizado neste estudo foi composto por registros de 128.459 aves, com informações de pedigree, manejo, desempenho, qualidades e defeitos de carcaça pertencentes a um rebanho elite de uma linhagem comercial de frangos de corte sob seleção. As características estudadas foram: os pesos vivos do animal aos sete (P7), 30 (P30) e 38 dias de idade (P38), peso ao abate (PA), peso eviscerado (PE), peso de peito (PPEI), peso de pernas (PPER), rendimento de carcaça (RCAR), rendimento de peito em relação ao peso ao abate (RPEI), rendimento de pernas em relação ao peso ao abate (RPER), eficiência alimentar (EFAL), defeito de pernas por escore visual (DPER), discondroplasia tibial (DT) e defeito de pernas total (DPERT). Para as características P7...

Detecção de aflatoxina B1, no organismo de frangos de corte através do emprego de ensaio imuno-enzimático utilizando anticorpos monoclonais (ELISA); Detection of aflatoxin B in the organism of broiler chickens through the employment of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using monoclonal antibodies( Elisa)

Salle, Carlos Tadeu Pippi; Rodrigues, Obirata; Bavaresco, Alvaro; Lorenzini, Gustavo; Moraes, Hamilton Luiz de Souza; Silva, Ari Bernardes da; Salle, Felipe de Oliveira; Nascimento, Vladimir Pinheiro do; Fallavena, Luiz Cesar Bello
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.73%
As aflatoxinas prejudicam os parâmetros de produção, causam imunodepressão humoral e celular e afetam o mecanismo de coagulação. No sul do Brasil, a aflatoxicose representou de 15 a 29% dos casos examinados em laboratório de 1985 a 1991, sendo uma das principais enfermidades diagnosticadas no período em questão.Frangos de corte com 42 dias de idade, fêmeas, com peso médio de 1.800 g foram inoculados diretamente no inglúvio com 360 mg de aflatoxina B1 através de dose única. Aos 30 minutos, 1, 2, 5, 8, 12 e 24 horas após a inoculação, cinco animais tratados e quatro controles foram sacrificados e coletados 40g de fígado, de cada um, para serem processados individualmente. Usou-se o “kit” comercial Veratox da Neogen Co. que emprega o ensaio imunoenzimático utilizando anticorpos monoclonais (ELISA). Nos fígados, houve diferenças significativas (P<0,05) entre as médias dos inoculados e controles em todos os intervalos p.i. Nas primeiras duas horas p.i. 46,6% da toxina foi detectada neste órgão. O método pode ser útil para o diagnóstico da aflatoxicose das aves de maneira simples, rápida e econômica, eliminando, assim, os inconvenientes relativos à amostragem e disponibilidade do alimento quando se buscam aflatoxinas em rações e matérias-primas.; Aflatoxins are detrimental to production parameters...

Prevalence of newcastle disease virus in broiler chickens (Gallus gallus) in Brazil

Orsi, M. A.; Doretto Jr, L.; Camillo, S. C. A.; Reischak, D.; Ribeiro, S. A. M.; Ramazzoti, A.; Mendonça, A. O.; Spilki, F. R.; Buzinaro, M. G; Ferreira, H. L.; Arns, C. W.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 349-357
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.79%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); This study was carried out during 2002/2003, aiming to determine the prevalence of virulent Newcastle disease virus strains (NDV) in Brazilian commercial poultry farms. Clinical samples were obtained from the Southeastern, Southern and Central-Western regions, which comprise the main area of the Brazilian poultry production. Serum samples and tracheal and cloacal swabs of 23,745 broiler chickens from 1,583 flocks, including both vaccinated chickens and those with no vaccination information, were tested for NDV using a diagnostic ELISA kit. The seropositivity was 39.1%, and the isolation percentage by flock varied from 1.0 to 7.6%, and by region from 6.5 to 58.4%. Higher isolation rates (74.3-83.3%) were obtained after three passages in embryonated chicken eggs. All isolates preliminarily identified as NDV were characterized as nonpathogenic strains, as their Intracerebral Pathogenicity Index (ICPI) was below 0.7. Based on results of this study, Brazil can claim a virulent NDV-free status for commercial flocks.

Polymorphism analysis of the hsp70 stress gene in Broiler chickens (Gallus gallus) of different breeds

Mazzi, Carmen Maria; Ferro, Jesus Aparecido; Ferro, Maria Inês Tiraboschi; Savino, Vicente José Maria; Coelho, Antonio Augusto Domingos; Macari, Marcos
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 275-281
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.73%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); The promoter region and the beginning of the coding region of the hsp70 stress gene were analysed in broiler chickens of a commercial breed (Hubbard-Pettersen), a breed selected for weight gain (PP1) and a non-selected breed (naked-neck Label Rouge). The naked neck gene (Naked neck, Na), which reduces feathering in birds and is thus related to heat resistance, was present in both PP1 and Label Rouge breeds. Genomic DNA was restricted with PstI and Southern blotting analysis of the samples revealed the absence of polymorphic sites for that enzyme in the promoter region and beginning of the coding region of the hsp70 gene of studied birds. PCR-SSCP analysis of these regions, however, indicated the presence of polymorphisms in the beginning of the coding region and the sequencing of the PCR products confirmed and identified two polymorphic sites in this region: a transition A ® G in position +258 and a transversion C ® G in position +276. Both mutations were considered to be silent, since they did not modify the aminoacid sequence of the protein Hsp70. The promoter region of the hsp70 gene was identical in all studied birds...

Brain and hepatic Hsp70 protein levels in heat-acclimated broiler chickens during heat stress

Guerreiro, EN; Giachetto, PF; Givisiez, PEN; Ferro, JA; Ferro, MIT; Gabriel, Jane Eyre; Furlan, Renato Luis; Macari, Marcos
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 201-206
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.73%
In the present study we have investigated the effects of heat acclimation on brain and hepatic Hsp70 protein levels and body temperature of broiler chickens in response to gradual heat stress. Two groups of broilers were raised up to 47 days of age under distinct temperature conditions: thermoneutral (TN, according to bird age) or hot environmental (HS, 31-33°C). At 46 days of age, the birds reared at high ambient temperature were transferred to thermoneutrality conditions. After 18 h, these birds and the birds reared at thermoneutral temperature were submitted to gradual heat stress in a climatic chamber so that environment temperature was increased from 28 to 40ºC at a rate of 2ºC/h. Colonic temperature was measured using a thermometer sensor probe at each two hours, and hepatic and brain tissues were collected immediately after slaughter in order to assess Hsp70 protein level by Western blotting analysis. The colonic temperatures of birds reared at high temperature increased steeply during the first 2 h of heat stress (1.06ºC/h) and more slowly thereafter (0.59ºC/h). Broilers reared at thermoneutral temperature showed a small increase in the first 4 h of heat stress (0.18ºC/h) and then colonic temperature increased sharply (0.72ºC/h). Nevertheless...

Digestibility of feeds containing sorghum, with and without tannin, for broiler chickens submitted to three room temperatures

Garcia, RG; Mendes, AA; Sartori, JR; Paz, ICLA; Takahashi, SE; Pelícia, K; Komiyama, CM; Quinteiro, RR
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 55-60
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.86%
The traditional method of total excreta collection was applied, using 30 to 40 day old male Ross 308 broiler chickens. One hundred and eight broiler chickens were used, randomly assigned to a 3x3 factorial experimental design. The room temperatures were 14 C (cold), 25 °C (thermoneutral) and 32 °C (hot) and the three diets were 100% maize, 100% sorghum with tannin and 100% sorghum without tannin, with four replicates of each. The digestibility coefficients for the dry matter, crude protein, crude fibre, neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent fibre, ether extract, mineral matter and nitrogen-free extract were determined. It was observed that all the digestibility coefficients were higher in the hot chamber and lower in the cold chamber, and that these values tended to be higher for maize.

Use of prebiotics and probiotics of bacterial and yeast origin for free-range broiler chickens

Pelícia, K; Mendes, AA; Saldanha, ESPB; Pizzolante, CC; Takahashi, SE; Moreira, J; Garcia, RG; Quinteiro, RR; Paz, ICLA; Komiyama, CM
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 163-169
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.86%
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of probiotics and prebiotics of bacterial and yeast origin on the performance, development of the digestive system, carcass yield and meat quality of free-range broiler chickens. Five hundred and sixty male chicks of the strain ISA S757-N were reared from one to 84 days old. The birds were distributed in four treatments according to a completely randomized block design: T1 = Control, T2 = Probiotics and Prebiotics of bacterial origin, T3 = Probiotics and prebiotics of yeast origin, T4 = Probiotics and prebiotics of bacterial origin + probiotics and prebiotics of yeast origin. There were four repetitions with 35 birds per repetition, and the birds had access to a pasture area after 35 days of age. Characteristics evaluated were performance, development of the digestive system, carcass and parts yield, abdominal fat, breast meat physical measurements (length, width and height) and meat quality parameters (pH from breast and leg meat, cooking loss and shearing force from breast meat). Lower mortality (p<0.05) and higher weight gain from 64 to 77 and 64 to 84 days of age were seen in birds supplemented with probiotics and prebiotics of bacterial origin compared to the non-supplemented birds (control). There were significant differences (p<0.05) among treatments for carcass yield. Birds supplemented with both probiotics and prebiotics of microbial and yeast origin (T4) showed higher carcass yield than control birds. Supplementation with probiotics and prebiotics of bacterial origin (T2) or the supplementation of these together with those of yeast origin (T4) reduced mortality and increased the carcass yield in free-range broiler chickens.

Effects of dietary macronutrient content on energy metabolism and uncoupling protein mRNA expression in broiler chickens

Collin, A.; Malheiros, R. D.; Moraes, VMB; Van As, P.; Darras, V. M.; Taouis, M.; Decuypere, E.; Buyse, J.
Fonte: C A B I Publishing Publicador: C A B I Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 261-269
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.89%
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of dietary macronutrient ratio on energy metabolism and on skeletal muscle mRNA expression of avian uncoupling protein (UCP), thought to be implicated in thermogenesis in birds. Broiler chickens from 2 to 6 weeks of age received one of three isoenergetic diets containing different macronutrient ratios (low-lipid (LL) 30 v. 77 g lipid/kg-, low-protein (LP) 125 v. 197 g crude protein (N X 6.25)/kg; low-carbohydrate (LC) 440 v. 520 g carbohydrate/kg). LP chickens were characterised by significantly lower body weights and food intakes compared with LL and LC chickens (-47 and -38% respectively) but similar heat production/kg metabolic body weight, as measured by indirect calorimetry, in the three groups. However, heat production/g food ingested was higher in animals receiving the LP diet (+41%, P<0.05). These chickens also deposited 57% less energy as protein (P<0.05) and 33% more as fat. No significant differences in energy and N balances were detected between LL and LC chickens. The diets with the higher fat contents (i.e. The LP and LC diets) induced slightly but significantly higher relative expressions of avian UCP mRNA in gastrocnemius muscle, measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...

Induction of immune response in broiler chickens immunized with recombinant FliC and challenged by Salmonella Typhimurium

Baptista, Ana Angelita S.; Donato, Tais C.; Souza, Edmárcia E.; Gonçalves, Guilherme A.m.; Garcia, Keila C.o.d.; Rodrigues, João C.z.; Sequeira, Júlio L.; Andreatti Filho, Raphael L.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1215-1221
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.79%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 09/52980-3; Processo FAPESP: 09/53570-3; Este estudo investigou a resposta imunitária de frangos de corte após a imunização oral com flagelina recombinante (rFliC) de Salmonella Typhimurium conjugada com micropartículas de alginato de sódio, e como intensificador de resposta imune foi associada a proteína subunidade B da toxina colérica (rCTB) e pool de Lactobacillus spp. (PL). As respostas imunes foram avaliadas por dosagem de IgY sérica e IgA do fluído intestinal e imunomarcação de linfócitos T CD8+ presentes no ceco. Os animais imunizados foram desafiados aos 21 dias após tratamento com Salmonella Typhimurium (ST). Foi observado em todos os grupos imunizados um aumento significativo (p<0,05) nos níveis de IgA (μg/mL) principalmente três semanas após as imunizações. Os níveis de IgY sérica (μg/mL) foram pouco influenciados pelos tratamentos, apenas na segunda semana após imunização observou-se diferenças significativas (p<0,05) entre os grupos. Observou-se que o número de linfócitos T CD8+ apresentou diferença significativa entre os tratamentos e o controle negativo após o desafio. Quanto a recuperação de Salmonella Typhimurium...

Occurrence of infection with Toxoplasma gondii and factors associated with transmission in broiler chickens and laying hens in different raising systems

Millar,Patricia R.; Alves,Fernanda M.X.; Teixeira,Vinicius Q.; Vicente,Regiane T.; Menezes,Eline M.; Sobreiro,Leila G.; Pereira,Virginia L. de Almeida; Amendoeira,Maria R.R.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.98%
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. The aim of the present study was to determine the occurrence and identify the risk factors associated with transmission of T. gondii to chickens raised in different systems (free-ranged and confined) to produce eggs or meat. The 810 animals were allocated in two experimental groups according to the production system purpose: 460 broiler chickens (Group 1) and 350 layer chickens (Group 2). In order to analyze the possible factors involved in T. gondii infection in the chickens, an epidemiological questionnaire was developed for all properties.The serological detection of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies was performed by Indirect Immunofluorescence (IFAT) and by Enzime Linked Imunossorbent Assay (ELISA). Since the agreement index (kappa) between these two serological techniques was considered high, 21.2% of the 810 animals were considered reactive. In Group 1, 12.2% (56/460) were positive, while in the Group 2 the positivity rate was 33.1% (116/350). The production system may be influencing the seropositivity of the animals in both groups. However, only in Group 2 it was possible to notice a statistically significant relationship between the breeding system and the frequency of positive sera. This result indicates that...

Induction of immune response in broiler chickens immunized with recombinant FliC and challenged by Salmonella Typhimurium

Baptista,Ana Angelita S.; Donato,Tais C.; Souza,Edmárcia E.; Gonçalves,Guilherme A.M.; Garcia,Keila C.O.D.; Rodrigues,João C.Z.; Sequeira,Júlio L.; Andreatti Filho,Raphael L.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.79%
The study examined (1) the immune response in broiler chickens after oral immunization with recombinant flagellin (rFliC) from Salmonella Typhimurium conjugated with sodium alginate microparticles, and the immune response enhancement in association with recombinant cholera toxin B subunit protein (rCTB) and pool of Lactobacillus spp. (PL). The immune responses were evaluated by dosage of IgY serum and IgA from intestinal fluid and immunostaining of CD8+ T lymphocytes in the cecum. The immunized animals were challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) 21 days after treatment. In all immunized groups, a significant increase (p<0.05) was observed in IgA levels (μg/mL), especially three weeks after immunization. The serum IgY levels (μg/mL) were little affected by the treatments and differed significantly among groups only in the second post-immunization week (p<0.05). After the challenge, the number of CD8+ T cells differed significantly between the treatments and negative control. Retrieval of Salmonella Typhimurium was not detected at 48 hours after the challenge in T2 (rFliC+rCTb), T3 (rFliC+PL) and T4 (rFliC+rCTB PL). The rFliC administered orally with or without rCTB and Lactobacillus spp. produces significant induction of humoral immune response...

Phytogenic additive as an alternative to growth promoters in broiler chickens

Scheuermann,Gerson Neudí; Cunha Junior,Anildo; Cypriano,Lucas; Gabbi,Alexandre Mossate
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.8%
This study evaluated a phytogenic feed additive for broiler chickens. A total of 1,632 broiler chicks were distributed into four treatments: negative control (without growth promoter); positive control (avilamycine, 10ppm + colistin, 15ppm); and two alternative treatments with 150ppm of phytogenic additive, one with a reduced Ca and P levels diet (PA-R1) and the other with lower energy, and amino acids, besides Ca and P (PA-R2). The trial was conducted with 12 replicates, each consisted of a pen with 34 birds. The alternative diets showed body weight intermediate to the two controls at 42 days, with no significant (P>0.05) treatment effect on feed conversion ratio. No treatment differences (P>0.05) on carcass yield and composition was observed. There was a tendency of abdominal fat lipids saturation, when the phytogenic additive was used, as possible consequence of a decreased level of soybean oil in the diets. A difference (P<0.001) on ingredient consumption profile was observed between the treatments. All together, this study showed a possibility to reduce the cost of total feed used to produce a broilers or a ton of body weight by the utilization of the tested phytogenic additive.

Cryptosporidium spp. in bursa of Fabricius of broiler chickens from Uruguay

Casanova,Susana; Verdes,José Manuel; Okada,Kosuke
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.86%
The presence of Cryptosporidium spp. was detected in broiler chickens of 32-40 days of age, colonizing the bursa of Fabricius. The histologic study with haematoxylin and eosin staining was done on specimens of trachea, complete intestinal tract and bursa. Samples of intestinal content were also studied using Kinyoun staining technique. All birds with signs of illness were positive to the presence of parasite, showing a hypertrophic bursa of Fabricius, filled with caseous content. The bursal epithelial cells were full of different developmental stages of Cryptosporidium spp. This note describing the presence of Cryptosporidium spp. in industrial flocks of broiler chickens, is the first report of this parasite in Uruguay

Digestibility of feeds containing sorghum, with and without tannin, for broiler chickens submitted to three room temperatures

Garcia,RG; Mendes,AA; Sartori,JR; Paz,ICLA; Takahashi,SE; Pelícia,K; Komiyama,CM; Quinteiro,RR
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.86%
The traditional method of total excreta collection was applied, using 30 to 40 day old male Ross 308 broiler chickens. One hundred and eight broiler chickens were used, randomly assigned to a 3x3 factorial experimental design. The room temperatures were 14 C (cold), 25 °C (thermoneutral) and 32 °C (hot) and the three diets were 100% maize, 100% sorghum with tannin and 100% sorghum without tannin, with four replicates of each. The digestibility coefficients for the dry matter, crude protein, crude fibre, neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent fibre, ether extract, mineral matter and nitrogen-free extract were determined. It was observed that all the digestibility coefficients were higher in the hot chamber and lower in the cold chamber, and that these values tended to be higher for maize.

Use of prebiotics and probiotics of bacterial and yeast origin for free-range broiler chickens

Pelícia,K; Mendes,AA; Saldanha,ESPB; Pizzolante,CC; Takahashi,SE; Moreira,J; Garcia,RG; Quinteiro,RR; Paz,ICLA; Komiyama,CM
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.86%
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of probiotics and prebiotics of bacterial and yeast origin on the performance, development of the digestive system, carcass yield and meat quality of free-range broiler chickens. Five hundred and sixty male chicks of the strain ISA S757-N were reared from one to 84 days old. The birds were distributed in four treatments according to a completely randomized block design: T1 = Control, T2 = Probiotics and Prebiotics of bacterial origin, T3 = Probiotics and prebiotics of yeast origin, T4 = Probiotics and prebiotics of bacterial origin + probiotics and prebiotics of yeast origin. There were four repetitions with 35 birds per repetition, and the birds had access to a pasture area after 35 days of age. Characteristics evaluated were performance, development of the digestive system, carcass and parts yield, abdominal fat, breast meat physical measurements (length, width and height) and meat quality parameters (pH from breast and leg meat, cooking loss and shearing force from breast meat). Lower mortality (p<0.05) and higher weight gain from 64 to 77 and 64 to 84 days of age were seen in birds supplemented with probiotics and prebiotics of bacterial origin compared to the non-supplemented birds (control). There were significant differences (p<0.05) among treatments for carcass yield. Birds supplemented with both probiotics and prebiotics of microbial and yeast origin (T4) showed higher carcass yield than control birds. Supplementation with probiotics and prebiotics of bacterial origin (T2) or the supplementation of these together with those of yeast origin (T4) reduced mortality and increased the carcass yield in free-range broiler chickens.

Prevalence of newcastle disease virus in broiler chickens (Gallus gallus) in Brazil

Orsi,M.A; Doretto Jr,L; Camillo,S.C.A; Reischak,D; Ribeiro,S.A.M; Ramazzoti,A; Mendonça,A.O; Spilki,F.R; Buzinaro,M.G; Ferreira,H.L; Arns,C.W
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.79%
This study was carried out during 2002/2003, aiming to determine the prevalence of virulent Newcastle disease virus strains (NDV) in Brazilian commercial poultry farms. Clinical samples were obtained from the Southeastern, Southern and Central-Western regions, which comprise the main area of the Brazilian poultry production. Serum samples and tracheal and cloacal swabs of 23,745 broiler chickens from 1,583 flocks, including both vaccinated chickens and those with no vaccination information, were tested for NDV using a diagnostic ELISA kit. The seropositivity was 39.1%, and the isolation percentage by flock varied from 1.0 to 7.6%, and by region from 6.5 to 58.4%. Higher isolation rates (74.3-83.3%) were obtained after three passages in embryonated chicken eggs. All isolates preliminarily identified as NDV were characterized as nonpathogenic strains, as their Intracerebral Pathogenicity Index (ICPI) was below 0.7. Based on results of this study, Brazil can claim a virulent NDV-free status for commercial flocks.

Genetic and phenotypic parameters of carcass and organ traits of broiler chickens.

VENTURINI, G. C.; CRUZ, V. A. R. da; ROSA, J. O.; BALDI, F.; EL FARO, L.; LEDUR, M. C.; PEIXOTO, J. de O.; MUNARI, D. P.
Fonte: Genetics and Molecular Research, Ribeirão Preto, v. 13, n. 4, p. 10294-10300. Publicador: Genetics and Molecular Research, Ribeirão Preto, v. 13, n. 4, p. 10294-10300.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.86%
The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic and environmental parameters for carcass, carcass part, and organ weights in a paternal strain of broiler chickens that was selected mainly for body weight at 42 days of age (BW42) to provide support for poultry genetic improvement programs. A total of 1448 chickens were used that resulted from the expansion of a pure paternal strain named TT, which was developed by Embrapa Suínos e Aves. The following weights were evaluated: BW42, chilled carcass, wing, drumstick meat, thigh meat, breast meat, breast fillet, back, liver, heart (HRT), and gizzard (GIZ). The variance component was estimated by the restricted maximum likelihood method using a multi-trait animal model. The general model included the additive genetic and residual random effects and the fixed effect of the sex-hatch group (10 levels). The heritability estimates ranged from 0.27 ± 0.06 for HRT to 0.44 ± 0.08 for GIZ. These results indicated that all the traits have enough additive genetic variability to respond to selection. The genetic correlation estimates between BW42 and the carcass and carcass part weights were high and positive. However, the genetic correlation estimates between BW42 and organ weights were low. In this population...

Variation in the digestion of energy by broiler chickens.

Hughes, Robert James
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2003
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.09%
Feed is the largest single cost factor (60%) in production of chicken meat with cost of energy being a major consideration given that birds eat to satisfy an energy requirement. The Australian chicken meat industry is highly dependent on supply of energy from cereals such as wheat and barley that are known to vary widely in apparent metabolisable energy (AME). In contrast, sorghum is a relatively consistent source of energy. Diets for broiler chickens are comprised mainly of cereal grains, legumes and protein-rich meals of plant and animal origin. The diets are formulated to provide essential nutrients for maintenance and rapid growth of the flock as a whole. However, some dietary ingredients may also have chemical and physical properties that can be detrimental to the processes of ingestion, digestion, absorption, transport and utilisation of nutrients. Soluble non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) in cereal grains such as wheat and barley can depress digestion of energy by broiler chickens. This thesis examined the general hypothesis that the effects of soluble NSP in cereal grains on gut structure and function, digesta transit time, and gut microflora differ substantially between individual chickens within a flock, thus contributing to variation in the digestion of energy by the flock as a whole. A major goal of the research was to determine what characteristics of the gastrointestinal tract of broiler chickens were the key determinants of digestion of energy. Twelve experiments were conducted during this study. Breath tests involving measurements of carbon dioxide...