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Atividade de comunicação e de trabalho; Communication and Work Activity

FIGARO, Roseli
Fonte: Rio de Janeiro Publicador: Rio de Janeiro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Este artigo discute o binômio comunicação e trabalho a partir da perspectiva da ergologia, ou seja, da atividade humana. Faz uma breve retrospectiva das teorias de comunicação, analisando como as correntes teóricas hegemônicas vêem de maneira limitada os processos de comunicação. E discute sobre os conceitos de comunicação e de trabalho, propondo uma abordagem de pesquisa que permita melhor compreender esse binômio.; This article discusses the communication and work binomial from the perspective of ergology, that is, of human activity. It presents a brief retrospective of communication theories, analyzing the limited view of communication processes by hegemonic theoretical currents, and discusses concepts of communication and work, proposing a research approach that will allow better understanding of this binomial.

The use of communication technologies to support teaching and learning practices in portuguese higher education

Ramos, Fernando; Pinto, Marta; Coelho, Dalila; Raposo, Rui; Almeida, Pedro; Pedro, Luís; Batista, João
Fonte: IATED Publicador: IATED
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.04%
The use of Communication Technologies (CTs) to support teaching and learning in higher education (HE) has emerged as a research topic worldwide. At the University of Aveiro (Portugal) the TRACER project began researching in 2011 the use of CTs to support teaching and learning practices in Portuguese Public Higher Education Institutions (PPHEIs). Data was collected through two online surveys distributed at two different moments during the project’s life cycle. The first survey, answered by decision makers at the rectory level of the PPHEIs, focused on the institutional perspective of the support to the use of CT in their teaching and learning related activities. The second survey, answered by teachers from the same PPHEIs, focused on the perspective of the use of CT in their teaching practice. Results from the institutional perspective globally show that from the total of courses of all existing cycles in respondent Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), 5.9% are delivered entirely online and 4.2% in a blended modality, most of them at undergraduate and post-graduate (master) levels. Regarding the provision of online learning management systems to support teaching and learning, results showed that the open source platform Moodle is the most commonly adopted...

Use of the OSCE to Evaluate Brief Communication Skills Training for Dental Students

Cannick, Gabrielle F.; Horowitz, Alice M.; Garr, David R.; Reed, Susan G.; Neville, Brad W.; Day, Terry A.; Woolson, Robert F.; Lackland, Daniel T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Although communications competency is recommended by the American Dental Education Association, only a few (n=5) dental schools report evaluating students’ skills using a competency examination for communication. This study used an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) to evaluate dental students’ competency in interpersonal and tobacco cessation communication skills. All students were evaluated on their interpersonal communication skills at baseline and at six months post-OSCE by standardized patients and on their tobacco cessation communication skills by two independent raters. First- and second-year dental students (n=104) were randomized to a control or intervention group. One month after the baseline OSCE, students in the intervention group participated in a two-hour training session in which faculty members communicated with a standardized patient during a head and neck examination and counseled the patient about tobacco cessation. There were no statistically significant differences from baseline to post-test between the intervention and control group students as measured by the OSCE. However, among first-year students, both the intervention (n=23) and control (n=21) groups significantly increased in tobacco cessation communication scores. Second-year students in both intervention (n=24) and control (n=28) groups declined in interpersonal communication skills from baseline to post-test. Overall...

Brief Communication: Sexual dimorphic expression of myostatin and follistatin like-3 in a rat trans-generational under-nutrition model

Peiris, Hassendrini N; Ponnampalam, Anna P; Mitchell, Murray D; Green, Mark P
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/05/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
The detrimental effects of maternal under-nutrition during gestation on fetal development are well known with an increased propensity of metabolic disorders identified in the adult offspring. Understanding exactly how and by which molecular pathways inadequate nutrition can impact upon offspring phenotype is critical and necessary for the development of treatment methods and ultimately prevention of any negative health effects. Myostatin, a negative regulator of muscle development, has recently been shown to effect glucose homeostasis and fat deposition. The involvement of myostatin in glucose metabolism and adipogenesis thus supports its ability to act in the continued alterations to the postnatal phenotype of the offspring. This hypothesis was examined in the current study using a trans-generational gestationally under-nourished rat model exposed to a high-fat (HF) diet post-weaning. The body weight, body fat, plasma glucose and insulin concentrations of the offspring, both male and female, were investigated in relation to the protein expression of myostatin and its main inhibitor; follistatin like-3 (FSTL-3), in skeletal muscle of mature offspring. Sexual dimorphism was clearly evident in the majority of these measures, including myostatin and FSTL-3 expression. Generally males displayed higher (P < 0.05) myostatin precursor and dimer expression than females...

Establishing hand preference: why does it matter?

Adamo, Diane E.; Taufiq, Anam
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Hand preference has been associated with psychological and physical well-being, risk of injury, pathological irregularities, longevity, and cognitive function. To determine hand preference, individuals are often asked what hand they use to write with, or what hand is used more frequently in activities of daily living. However, relying only on one source of information may be misleading, given the strong evidence to support a disassociation between self-reported hand preference and outcomes of hand performance assessments. This brief communication is intended to highlight the various methods used to determine hand preference, to discuss the relationship between hand preference inventories and performance measures and to present some recent findings associated with hand preference and musculoskeletal disorders.

A grand dame with hidden aces: The non-diabetic uses of insulin

Niazi, Asfandyar Khan; Niazi, Shaharyar Khan
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
This brief communication reviews the non-diabetic uses and utility of insulin. It highlights the lesser known uses in medicine, psychiatry, suregery and diagnostics that this versatile peptide has.

Physicians who use social media and other internet-based communication technologies

Cooper, Crystale Purvis; Gelb, Cynthia A; Rim, Sun Hee; Hawkins, Nikki A; Rodriguez, Juan L; Polonec, Lindsey
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
The demographic and practice-related characteristics of physicians who use social networking websites, portable devices to access the internet, email to communicate with patients, podcasts, widgets, RSS feeds, and blogging were investigated. Logistic regression was used to analyze a survey of US primary care physicians, pediatricians, obstetrician/gynecologists, and dermatologists (N=1750). Reported technology use during the last 6 months ranged from 80.6% using a portable device to access the internet to 12.9% writing a blog. The most consistent predictors of use were being male, being younger, and having teaching hospital privileges. Physician specialty, practice setting, years in practice, average number of patients treated per week, and number of physicians in practice were found to be inconsistently associated or unassociated with use of the technologies examined. Demographic characteristics, rather than practice-related characteristics, were more consistent predictors of physician use of seven internet-based communication technologies with varying levels of uptake.

Effective management of type 2 DM in India: Looking at low-cost adjunctive therapy

Aswathy, Sreedevi; Unnikrishnan, Ambika G.; Kalra, Sanjay
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
The prevalence of Diabetes is projected to increase to 80 million by 2030, placing an immense burden on the health care resources of our country. Thus, diabetes poses a challenge to health systems and the individual. Hence, it is necessary to look at adjuncts to effective management of Diabetes; adjuncts which are not resource intensive and are nearer to the community that people live in. Yoga holds promise as a therapeutic intervention and health promotion measure. This brief communication explores the studies done to date on the beneficial effects of Yoga on Diabetes.

Development of a Web-based Glaucoma Registry at King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Saudi Arabia: A Cost-Effective Methodology

Zaman, Babar; Khandekar, Rajiv; Al Shahwan, Sami; Song, Jonathan; Al Jadaan, Ibrahim; Al Jiasim, Leyla; Owaydha, Ohood; Asghar, Nasira; Hijazi, Amar; Edward, Deepak P.
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
In this brief communication, we present the steps used to establish a web-based congenital glaucoma registry at our institution. The contents of a case report form (CRF) were developed by a group of glaucoma subspecialists. Information Technology (IT) specialists used Lime Survey softwareTM to create an electronic CRF. A MY Structured Query Language (MySQL) server was used as a database with a virtual machine operating system. Two ophthalmologists and 2 IT specialists worked for 7 hours, and a biostatistician and a data registrar worked for 24 hours each to establish the electronic CRF. Using the CRF which was transferred to the Lime survey tool, and the MYSQL server application, data could be directly stored in spreadsheet programs that included Microsoft Excel, SPSS, and R-Language and queried in real-time. In a pilot test, clinical data from 80 patients with congenital glaucoma were entered into the registry and successful descriptive analysis and data entry validation was performed. A web-based disease registry was established in a short period of time in a cost-efficient manner using available resources and a team-based approach.

Interventional endocrinology: A futuristic perspective

Singla, Rajiv; Singla, Sweta
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Interventions in endocrinology make a huge impact on life of patients with endocrine diseases. This brief communication discusses the role played by both medical and surgical interventions in practice of endocrinology. Endocrinology is branch of medicine where treatment is as close to ideal as possible. For people with hormone deficiencies, medical intervention in form of replacement with hormones generated by recombinant technologies is a perfectly natural treatment. Hormone excess is also being evaluated and treated with exceedingly precise surgical interventions with minimal morbidity.

USE OF LOPINAVIR/RITONAVIR ASSOCIATED WITH ERGOTAMINE RESULTING IN FOOT AMPUTATION: BRIEF COMMUNICATION

Ferry, Fernando Raphael de Almeida; Silva, Guilherme Almeida Rosa Da; Motta, Rogerio Neves; Carvalho, Ricardo de Souza; Sá, Carlos Alberto Morais De
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
A 32-year-old female, was diagnosed in 2004 with a C1 HIV1 infection, using zidovudine/lamivudine 300/150 mg BID and lopinavir/ritonavir 400/100 mg BID, in addition to prophylaxis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole 800/160 mg QD, but no prophylaxis with macrolide antibiotics. The patient presented with a severe headache and was prescribed two capsules of the anti-migraine drug Ormigrein™, which contained ergotamine tartrate 1 mg, caffeine 100 mg, paracetamol 220 mg, hyoscyamine sulfate 87.5 mcg, and atropine sulfate 12.5 mcg. Afterwards she was prescribed one capsule of Ormigrein every 30 minutes for a total of six capsules a day. The patient took the medication as prescribed but developed a pain in her left ankle three days later, which evolved to the need for amputation.

A dialogue-based approach to patient education

Jensen, Natasja K.; Pals, Regitze Anne Saurbrey
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
In recent years, the need for person-centered patient education has become evident. To translate this approach into practice, new theoretically and empirically sound methods and models are required. This brief communication introduces a newly developed toolkit that has shown promise in facilitating person-centered education and active involvement of patients. Two health education models constituting the underlying basis for the toolkit are also presented.

Communication skills training in a nursing home: effects of a brief intervention on residents and nursing aides

Sprangers, Suzan; Dijkstra, Katinka; Romijn-Luijten, Anna
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
Effective communication by nursing home staff is related to a higher quality of life and a decrease in verbal and physical aggression and depression in nursing home residents. Several communication intervention studies have been conducted to improve communication between nursing home staff and nursing home residents with dementia. These studies have shown that communication skills training can improve nursing aides’ communication with nursing home residents. However, these studies tended to be time-consuming and fairly difficult to implement. Moreover, these studies focused on the communicative benefits for the nursing home residents and their well-being, while benefits and well-being for the nursing aides were neglected. The current study focused on implementing a brief communication skills training program to improve nursing aides’ (N=24) communication with residents with dementia (N=26) in a nursing home. The effects of the training on nursing aides’ communication, caregiver distress, and job satisfaction and residents’ psychopathology and agitation were assessed relative to a control group condition. Nursing aides in the intervention group were individually trained to communicate effectively with residents during morning care by using short instructions...

Constructive Dialogue : Communication for Development in Water, Sanitation, and Infrastructure Projects

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
This report organizes the contents, lessons learned, and conclusions of this workshop and is geared toward project and institution leaders and managers, as well as persons responsible for project execution who are interested in taking advantage of the benefits derived from the inclusion of Communication for Development (CfD) components in their projects so as to increase their effectiveness, impact, and sustainability over time. The brief theoretical overview of the concept of CfD and the processes and approaches that it can entail (chapter one), the document reviews the importance of CfD in project design and implementation of projects, in particular those related to water, sanitation, and infrastructure (chapter two), and provides examples and outlines communication related challenges in these areas. Through a practical view focused on the presentation of experiences and lessons learned in three specific cases, namely, building citizen engagement in Pakistan, developing a mass transit system in Colombia, and creating a water culture in Mexico...

Generating Genuine Demand for Accountability through Communication : Trainer's Guide

Arnold, Anne-Katrin; Garcia, Helen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
The trainer s guide starts with an introduction into the conceptual framework of accountability and communication. Theoretical basics are illustrated by relevant case studies, mostly taken from CommGAP s volume accountability through public opinion. This conceptual narrative is designed to familiarize trainers with the issue and its foundations, and is followed by a suggested training structure that includes learning objectives, presentation slides and key points to be communicated to an audience of a capacity building effort. The second part of this manual contains case studies that display communication for accountability in action in developing countries. These case studies and a related exercise may be used by trainers to demonstrate and exemplify how communication can be used in order to empower citizens to hold their governments accountable. In addition to the conceptual introduction and case studies, this manual provides a brief for trainers suggesting a structure for a course on generating genuine demand for accountability through communication. Presentation slides and core lessons are proposed to enable development practitioners to launch a training session of approximately one day.

THE ROLE OF COMMUNICATION CHANNELS FOR KNOWLEDGE MOBILIZATION IN A COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION

Gainforth, Heather Louise
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Knowledge mobilization has been described as putting research in the hands of research users. Few studies have examined knowledge mobilization within community-based organizations (CBOs). To address this research gap, this dissertation examines knowledge mobilization within a CBO that supports people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Research suggests that communication channels, or the means by which a message is delivered, may affect knowledge mobilization. This dissertation presents four manuscripts examining how communication channels were used by the CBO to disseminate physical activity guidelines and intervention strategies to people with SCI. Manuscript 1 investigated reach and effectiveness of an event-based knowledge mobilization initiative delivered by the CBO using interpersonal communication channels to disseminate the guidelines to people with SCI. Results indicated that the event-based knowledge mobilization initiative was effective for initial dissemination of the guidelines. However, further long-term efforts are needed. Manuscript 2 describes how the event-based knowledge mobilization initiative was implemented by the CBO. Recognizing that support personnel are important messengers, the reach and effectiveness of the initiative for persuading support personnel to disseminate the guidelines was examined. Results indicated that an event-based knowledge mobilization initiative can be implemented by a CBO and may be an effective strategy for CBOs to disseminate information to support personnel. Manuscript 3 further examined the role of communication channels in the process of knowledge mobilization within the CBO using network analysis. Results indicated that CBO staff and volunteers’ integration within interpersonal communication channels was associated with greater knowledge of evidence-based physical activity resources and engagement in physical activity promotion behaviours. Manuscript 4 examined the feasibility of training peers with SCI to learn an evidence-based approach to physical activity promotion called Brief Action Planning. Findings indicated that Brief Action Planning is a tool that can be feasibly learned and potentially used by peers to promote physical activity to their mentees through interpersonal communication channels. Overall this dissertation contributes to a small but emerging body of literature examining knowledge mobilization in CBOs. Findings indicate that through a community-university multidisciplinary partnership and appropriate communication channels...

Evidence that Amphotericin B Mediates Reactivation of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus in Hodgkin's Lymphoma Allowing Cytotoxicity by Acyclovir

Kast, Richard E.
Fonte: Yonsei University College of Medicine Publicador: Yonsei University College of Medicine
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
This brief communication focuses on aspects of a recent case report (Yonsei Med J 2005;46:425-30) on a full and sustained remission of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) after a single day of chemotherapy. A septic episode required stopping chemotherapy and starting amphotericin B and acyclovir. Remission evidence was seen within days of starting these. A review of research supporting the notion that amphotericin B can reactivate latent Epstein-Barr virus and thus allow acyclovir to kill infected HL cells is given. Experimental work is required to confirm or refute this possibility. If successful, amphotericin B and acyclovir treatment could be extended to other EBV-driven cancers such as Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the occasional EBV-related epithelial cancer of the breast, colon, prostate, and others.

KPC-PRODUCING Serratia marcescens IN A HOME-CARE PATIENT FROM RECIFE, BRAZIL

MARGATE, Emmily; MAGALHÃES, Vera; FEHLBERG, Lorena Cristina Corrêa; GALES, Ana Cristina; LOPES, Ana Catarina Souza
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
In this brief communication we describe the occurrence of a KPC-producing Serratia marcescensisolate in a home-care patient from Recife, Brazil. The bla KPC, bla SPM, bla IMP, bla VIM bla OXA, bla CTX-M, bla SHV, bla TEM and bla GES genes were investigated by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing. The isolate was positive for bla KPC-2 and bla TEM-1 and was resistant to aztreonam, cefepime, cefotaxime, imipenem, meropenem, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin and cefazidime, and susceptible only to amikacin, tigecycline and gatifloxacin. This is the first report in Brazil of KPC-producing S. marcescens clinical isolate outside of a hospital environment. Caregivers should be alert for the presence of this isolate in the community setting.

Brief Communication Arising from a Corrigendum to "Atomic-resolution chemical analysis using a scanning transmission electron microscope"

Silcox, John; Muller, David A.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/06/2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
This manuscript was originally submitted to Nature for consideration as a "Brief Communication" in response to a "Corrigendum" that appeared in 2006 (1) to an earlier paper in Nature. That corrigendum was the subject of a Nature editorial (2) stating that "key data were misrepresented by the authors, both during the review process and in the final published version of the paper" and it claimed to provide an explanation for alterations in their data that had the effect of changing their priority claim from a result no better than previous work by Isaacson and Scheinfein that was 1 Angstrom shy of atomic resolution to what appeared to be atomic resolution. In this manuscript we show that this explanation is physically inconsistent with the evolution of their data. When originally submitted to Nature, the manuscript was peer-reviewed, deemed "carefully and properly argued" and recommended for publication with appropriate responses from the corrigendum authors. Subsequent exchanges with those authors did not reach a satisfactory state and publication did not occur. We now have learnt that an article is likely to appear in Nature concerning the circumstances surrounding the concerns expressed in this initial document and we consider it important and relevant that this document and the supplementary material be made available in the public domain. As to the question of proper attribution of priority...

THE INTELLECTUAL ORGANIC: A BRIEF REVIEW OF ITS RELATION TO SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION; O intelectual orgânico: breve análise de sua relação com a comunicação científica The intellectual organic: a brief review of its relation to scientific communication

Grants, Andréa Figueiredo Leão
Fonte: Associação Catarinense de Bibliotecários Publicador: Associação Catarinense de Bibliotecários
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/09/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Introduces elements that involve the technical terms used to establish a relationship between the figure of the intellectual and scientific communication. This is a research type of bibliographic in which terms are conceptualized as: intellectual production, academic research, scientific and intellectual seeking to demonstrate the close connection that exists between the terms. Recovers the historical trajectory of scientific communication in the world and in Brazil. Establishes steps of scientific communication and scientific journals indicates an important channel for the dissemination of scientific production. Addresses points congruent between the intellectual scientific production.; Apresenta os elementos que envolvem os termos técnicos utilizados ao estabelecer uma relação entre a figura do intelectual e a comunicação científica. Trata-se de uma pesquisa do tipo bibliográfica na qual são conceituados termos como: produção intelectual, produção acadêmica, produção científica e intelectual buscando demonstrar a estreita ligação que há entre os termos. Resgata historicamente a trajetória da comunicação científica no mundo e no Brasil. Estabelece as etapas da comunicação científica e assinala os periódicos científicos como importante canal de divulgação da produção científica. Aborda os pontos congruentes entre o intelectual a produção científica.