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Trágico avesso do mundo : narrativas de uma prática psicológica numa instituição para adolescentes infratores; The tragic hidden reality : narratives describing the practice of psychology in an institution for young offender

Aun, Heloisa Antonelli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/09/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.15%
Através de narrativas dos Diários de Bordos dos plantonistas, esta investigação fenomenológica, interpelada principalmente por autores da Psicossociologia Clínica, propõe a resconstituição do Plantão Psicológico a adolescentes e funcionários de quatro unidades de internação da Fundação do Bem Estar do Menor (FEBEM) do Estado de São Paulo, localizadas em dois complexos da capital. Realizada pelo Laboratório de Estudos e Prática em Psicologia e Fenomenológica Existencial (LEFE) da Universidade de São Paulo (USP), esta prática psicológica acontecia como cartografia clínica. Descortinavam-se conflitos que dividiam a instituição como um campo de guerra: inimigos e/ou aliados; olhares ameaçados e/ou ameaçadores. Cada unidade de internação, na tensão de uma explosão sempre iminente, mostrava-se como uma caricatura das relações e conflitos humanos inserida em uma cultura instituída por inter-ditos e ampliada, ao avesso, por códigos de honra do trágico cenário, violento e rígido, do mundo do crime. Neste contexto, no pátio das unidades, acontecia o Plantão Psicológico, que revelava um outro modo de clinicar, resgatando a possibilidade da intimidade respeitada no e pelo espaço público.; Based on attendants´ On-Board Narratives...

Factibilidade e reprodutibilidade da avaliação da restrição de difusão de água por meio da ressonância magnética no cérebro do feto na síndrome de transfusão feto-fetal = : Feasibility and reproducibility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the fetal brain in twin-twin transfusion syndrome; Feasibility and reproducibility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the fetal brain in twin-twin transfusion syndrome

Orlando Gomes dos Santos Neto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.95%
Introdução: As lesões neurológicas fetais são importante causa de morbimortalidade neonatal. Uma condição relativamente frequente que expõe os fetos a maior risco de lesão cerebral é a síndrome da transfusão feto-fetal grave (STFF). O tratamento de escolha para STFF consiste na ablação dos vasos placentários com laser (AVPL) e mesmo após a sua realização existe possibilidade de lesão neurológica fetal. A ultrassonografia (USG) é ainda o método de escolha para a avaliação de anormalidades encefálicas fetais, e a ressonância magnética (RNM) pode melhorar o diagnóstico em condições específicas. Entretanto, a USG e as imagens ponderadas T1 e T2 da RM não são apropriadas para a detecção de lesões isquêmicas. A Restrição de Difusão da ressonância magnética (RD-RNM) permite a detecção de eventos isquêmicos agudos no cérebro através da avaliação subjetiva e objetiva da difusão microscópica da água. Esta última pode ser obtida por meio da medida do coeficiente de difusão aparente (CDA) e sua reprodutibilidade no cérebro fetal normal, em gestações únicas, foi recentemente demonstrada. Objetivo: Testar a factibilidade e a reprodutibilidade da restrição de difusão da ressonância magnética nas avaliações do cérebro fetal em casos de síndrome de transfusão feto-fetal tratados com a ablação dos vasos placentários com laser. Materiais e Métodos: Este estudo foi realizado no período de maio de 2011 a junho de 2012...

American Board of Medical Genetics and American Board of Genetic Counseling Diplomates

Fonte: The American Society of Human Genetics Publicador: The American Society of Human Genetics
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.12%

Involvement of rabbis in counseling and referral for genetic conditions: results of a survey.

Steiner-Grossman, P; David, K L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1993 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
Members of the New York Board of Rabbis were surveyed in the summer of 1991 to assess their activity in counseling congregants on issues related to genetics. Of a sample of 257 members, 181 (70.4%) responded to the questionnaire, and 175 of the responses were analyzed. More than half (56.0%) of the rabbis discussed health issues as a routine part of premarital counseling, and 22.3% had counseled a couple after prenatal diagnosis of an abnormal fetus. Orthodox rabbis were more likely than rabbis from other branches of Judaism to have contacted medical personnel in these cases, and they reported more involvement in helping families after the birth of a child with a hereditary condition or birth defect. However, a majority (90.9%) of rabbis from all branches would refer such a family for genetic counseling. Ninety-four rabbis (53.7%) discussed Tay-Sachs carrier testing with congregants. These rabbis tended to be Reform, to be younger, and to have fewer years in the rabbinate. Reform rabbis also scored significantly higher than did Orthodox or Conservative rabbis on knowledge questions about Jewish genetic diseases and were more active in distributing pertinent literature to congregants. Even though nearly 90% of the sample viewed counseling on genetic issues as part of their rabbinical role...

Knowledge of genetics among residents in obstetrics and gynecology.

Kershner, M A; Hammond, E A; Donnenfeld, A E
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1993 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.95%
A supervised genetics examination was administered to 76 obstetrics and gynecology (ob/gyn) residents from 15 different institutions in the Philadelphia area. The questions were specifically designed to be applicable to obstetrical practice. Overall, the mean score was 69% (range 32%-88%). Using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney rank sum test, we found that the 25 residents from institutions with an obstetrics-gynecology-genetics (OGG) program, coordinated by an obstetrician/gynecologist board certified in clinical genetics, had statistically significant higher scores than the remaining 51 residents from institutions without an OGG program (77% vs. 65%, respectively; P < .001). This study demonstrates that knowledge of genetics among residents in ob/gyn is deficient, especially among residents at institutions without OGG programs. Special efforts should be made to provide genetics education to these individuals. We propose that more obstetricians be encouraged to pursue postgraduate training in genetics in light of the rapid development of medical genetics; its application to prenatal screening, diagnosis, and counseling; the anticipated utilization of genetics services; and the need for educational initiatives geared toward ob/gyn patients.

Saving the world by teaching behavior analysis: A behavioral systems approach

Malott, Richard W.; Vunovich, Pamela L.; Boettcher, William; Groeger, Corina
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.95%
This article presents a behavioral systems approach to organizational design and applies that approach to the teaching of behavior analysis. This systems approach consists of three components: goal-directed systems design, behavioral systems engineering, and performance management. This systems approach is applied to the Education Board and Teaching Behavior Analysis Special Interest Group of the Association for Behavior Analysis, with a conclusion that we need to emphasize the recruitment of students and the placement and maintenance of alumni. This systems approach is also applied at the scale of the individual faculty member running a university-based training system and is seen to generate special approaches to textbook preparation, undergraduate research, colloquium and conference attendance, career counseling, preparation for graduate examinations, graduate training and graduate seminars, and classroom alternatives to the traditional lecture.

Seroprevalence of HIV infection among the patients attending various emergency departments in a tertiary care hospital

Devi, Pushpa; Arora, Usha; Yadav, Shalini; Malhotra, Sita
Fonte: Medknow Publications Publicador: Medknow Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.95%
Emergency departments (EDs) receive patients from every background, socioeconomic group and health status. Hence, EDs can play a critical role in offering human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and help in the national strategy of early HIV detection. The present study was conducted on 400 patients attending various EDs after taking Institutional Review Board approval. They were screened for HIV antibodies by three rapid/simple assay tests having different principles/antigens as per the NACO guidelines. Twenty-three (5.75%) of the 400 patients were HIV reactive. Fifteen (65.22%) of the 23 HIV-reactive patients were unaware of their reactive status. Majority of the HIV-reactive (65.22%) patients were from the Medicine emergency followed by Orthopaedics and Surgery (13.04%). Seven (30.43%) had history of fever of more than 1 month duration. Eight (34.78%) of them were later on clinically diagnosed as having various opportunistic infections. Thus, the study emphasizes the need for expansion of routine voluntary HIV counseling and testing to all the patients who come to the ED and practicing universal work precautions by health care workers.

Assessment of professional competency and need of smoking cessation counseling for dental students

Dable, Rajani A.; Wasnik, Pradnya B.; Pawar, Babita R.; Bopardikar, Sujit S.; Nagmode, Sunilkumar N.
Fonte: National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of the Republic of Korea Publicador: National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of the Republic of Korea
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.95%

Congenital Hypothyroidism Long-Term Follow-up Project: Navigating the Rough Waters of a Multi-Center, Multi-State Public Health Project

Wintergerst, Kupper; Gembel, Gina; Kreipe, Tracey; Zeller, Patrick; Eugster, Erica; Young, Bill; Andruszewski, Karen; Kleyn, Mary; Cunningham, Troi; Fawbush, Sandy; Vanderburg, Nancy; Sockalosky, Joe; Menon, Ram; Linard, Sharon; Hoffman, Gary; Gorman, Lis
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.15%
The Region 4 Midwest Genetics Collaborative, made up of seven regional states (Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin), brought together pediatric endocrinologists, state laboratory experts, public health follow-up specialists, and parents of children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) to identify the three-year follow-up management and education patterns of primary care clinicians and pediatric endocrinologists in the care of children diagnosed with CH by state newborn screening (NBS) programs. Among a number of challenges, each state had different NBS methods, data systems, public health laws, and institutional review board (IRB) requirements. Furthermore, the diagnosis of CH was complicated by the timing of the NBS sample, the gestational age, weight, and co-morbidities at delivery. There were 409 children with CH identified through NBS in 2007 in the seven state region. The clinician of record and the parents of these children were invited to participate in a voluntary survey. Approximately 64 % of clinician surveys were collected with responses to questions relating to treatment, monitoring practices, educational resources, genetic counseling, and services provided to children with confirmed CH and their families. Nearly one-quarter (24 %) of parents surveyed responded to questions relating to treatment...

Managing Diabetes Mellitus: A Survey of Attitudes and Practices Among Family Physicians

Fogelman, Yacov; Goldfracht, Margalit; Karkabi, Khaled
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.31%
Due to the increasing prevalence of diabetes and the shortage of endocrinologists, family physicians have an important role in diabetes management. The purpose of this study was to examine the sources of knowledge, attitudes and practices of family physicians regarding the management of type 2 diabetes. Attendees at continuous medical education (CME) programs in Israel were requested to respond anonymously to written questions about their sources of knowledge about diabetes, the methods of diabetes management they advise their patients, their knowledge of diabetes medication treatments, and their attitudes toward people with type 2 diabetes. Questionnaires were completed by 362 family physicians (79 % response rate). Of them, 329 (91 %) reported that they usually manage their patients’ diabetes care, including that of patients with concomitant risk factors. Their most common recommendations for diabetes control were: to increase physical activity, decrease total calorie intake, consult with a dietitian and undergo weight loss counseling. Almost all physicians (97 %) reported providing lifestyle change counseling. Sixty percent reported lacking knowledge about nutritional issues. Only 58 % answered correctly regarding the effect of the anti-diabetic drug...

Assessing internal stakeholder support for a school-based family systems counseling intervention in an economically diverse suburban school district

Denslow, Susan M. (1957 - ); Douthit, Kathryn Z.
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:xi, 98 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
Thesis (Ed. D.)--University of Rochester. Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development, 2010.; The purpose of this research was to ascertain the perceived need for a school-based family counseling program by school administrators, teachers, support staff and Board of Education members in an economically diverse suburban school district in the Northeastern United States. This research examined whether internal stakeholders, including district administrators, faculty, staff, and School Board members perceive that current practices in the school district are adequate to meet student mental health needs that are barriers to learning. In addition, this proposed study assessed internal stakeholders’ perceptions of the potential for a school-based family counseling center to address student barriers to learning. In order to address the topics of inquiry, a mixed-methods research approach was used, that included an internal survey administered electronically and focus groups comprised of participants who responded to the survey. One hundred twenty-two survey responses were received and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Two focus groups of five participants each were facilitated by the principal researcher for this study. Focus group data was analyzed according to themes and how these themes provided depth of meaning to the survey data. Results of this study indicated that current mental health services were perceived to be inadequate in addressing what was determined to be the most common barriers to student learning in the district. Focus group discussion further emphasized this perception. Furthermore...

St. Catharines and District Labour Council fonds, 1957-1986

Cameron, Chantal
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.25%
The St. Catharines and District Labour Council was founded in May 1957 by unionized workers from St. Catharines, Thorold, Merritton, Port Dalhousie and Grimsby. They sought to improve the social and economic welfare of workers; promote the organization of workers into unions for their mutual benefit, regardless of race, creed, colour, or national origin; encourage the sale of union-made goods and services; promote worker education; provide workers with a voice in politics; and safeguard the democratic nature of the labour movement. The Council, affiliated with both the Canadian Labour Congress and the Ontario Federation of Labour, was instrumental in assisting local workers with their labour disputes, including Canadian Pulp and Paper workers at Abitibi Provincial Paper in Thorold [1975-76], and Gallaher Paper [1999], workers at the St. Catharines Eaton’s store [1985], as well as smaller disputes such as that between the part-time secretarial staff and the Welland County Roman Catholic Separate School Board [1972] and workers of the Skyway Lumber Company [1972]. The Council also assisted the community at large by offering a Community Counseling Service [1971-1976] to help citizens with issues concerning various government agencies...

United States Marine Corps career designation board: significant factors in predicting selection

Garza, Raul P.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.31%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The United State Marine Corps (USMC) re-implemented the competitive Career Designation (CD) board starting in FY 2010 to select and retain the most competitive junior officers. From 2010 to 2013, 4,723 out of 6,732 officers were offered CD. Utilizing a Probit model and the dataset of the 6,732 officers, we provide statistical analysis of what factors impact the officer's likelihood of being CD in each of the competitive subcategories of: combat arms, combat service support, aviation-ground, law, and aviation. We find that Reviewing Officer Relative Value Average is the most significant factor for most of the officers, as it increases the marginal probability of being CD by an average of 60 percentage points. Surprisingly, combat deployments were not consistently significant throughout the competitive categories. Finally, we develop an Excel-based interactive CD counseling tool, which provides the probability of the officer being CD, given the officer's individual characteristics.; Captain, United States Marine Corps

Significant factors in predicting promotion to Major, Lieutenant Colonel, and Colonel in the United States Marine Corps

Hoffman, Joel M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 195 p. : ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.15%
Multiple factors influence a Marine officer's probability of promotion. Currently, MMOA-4 counselors are not able to provide career advice based on statistical analysis of the multitude of variables that could be significant in an officer's potential to advance to the next higher grade. Development of a statistical counseling model provides MMOA-4 the ability to examine an officer's current predicted probability of promotion as well as his future potential for advancement--given a set of possible career choices. Such a model may increase the effectiveness of the career counseling process and potentially impact USMC officer retention and performance. This study makes recommendations to improve the Marine Corps Performance Evaluation System (PES). The researcher's analysis of eight years of fitness report data indicates that current procedures (which use raw numbers to evaluate the effects of the Reviewing Officers (RO) assessment) should be changed to a percentile system. The current system only provides a generalized output that has limited value in fitness report analysis. The raw numbers of the comparative assessment limit the possibility of comparing officers across a grade for each RO. The exact value of the percentile system allows for officers to be differentiated and compared across grade. This is similar to the relative value system used for Reporting Senior (RS) markings. This new system will allow officers to be shown as below average...

A orientadora pedagógica, a atuação e a formação docente : um encontro com Alice e o Pequeno Príncipe; The pedagogical advisor, the performance and the teacher education : a meeting between Alice and the Little Prince

Patricia Regina Infanger Campos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.95%
Esta dissertação discute a temática da formação de professores com o foco voltado para o trabalho desenvolvido pela orientadora pedagógica. Segundo a literatura atual, a orientadora pedagógica é a profissional que tem no desenvolvimento de suas funções a tarefa de contribuir para a formação continuada dos professores numa perspectiva de formação centrada na escola. O objetivo principal desta pesquisa é conhecer as estratégias utilizadas pela orientadora pedagógica de uma escola da rede municipal de ensino de Campinas para o desenvolvimento da formação dos professores. As reuniões semanais de Trabalho Docente Coletivo e as reuniões trimestrais de Conselho de Classe são consideradas momentos privilegiados de formação docente. Nelas são possibilitados encontros com professores e gestores para planejamento, implementação e avaliação do projeto pedagógico da escola e também do trabalho desenvolvido em sala de aula diretamente com os alunos. Esses momentos foram selecionados para a produção dos dados que foram capturados pela gravação e transcrição dos encontros ocorridos ao longo do ano letivo de 2008 e do primeiro semestre de 2009. Por meio da revisitação das reuniões ocorridas, foram selecionados enunciados dos professores de 1º a 5º anos e da orientadora pedagógica...

Children can't fly: a program to prevent childhood morbidity and mortality from window falls.

Spiegel, C N; Lindaman, F C
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1977 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.15%
"Children Can't Fly" is a health education program developed by the New York City Department of Health to combat the high incidence of child mortality and morbidity due to falls from windows. The success of the program, begun in 1972, in drastically reducing death and injury persuaded the New York City Board of Health to amend the Health Code in 1976 to require that landlords provide window guards in apartments where children ten years old and younger reside. The law is the first and only one of its kind in the nation. The program has four major components: 1) reporting of falls by hospital emergency rooms and police precincts, followed up by counseling, referral, and data collecting by public health nurses; 2) a media campaign to inform the public and elevate their awareness of the hazards; 3) community education for prevention through door-to-door hazard identification, counseling by outreach workers, community organization efforts with schools, tenant groups, clinics, churches, health care providers, etc; 4) provision of free, easily installed window guards to families with young children living in high-risk areas. Significant reduction in falls resulted, particularly in the Bronx, where reported falls declined 50 percent from 1973 to 1975. The program is one solution to an urgent urban problem which other cities might consider to avert the loss of life and limb...

“I Didn’t Know It Existed Before You Called”: Protestant Clergy Experience, Education and Perceptions Regarding Genetics

Lemons, Jennifer; Ragsdale, Judy; Vaughn, Lisa; Grossoehme, Daniel
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.35%
Despite the intrinsic role religious/spiritual (hereafter, R/S) beliefs have in patient clinical decision-making and crisis coping, there is little research exploring the relationship that exists between clergy (professionals who provide R/S counsel and guidance) and genetic counseling patients. This qualitative, exploratory study was designed to explore Protestant clergy (N=8) perceptions of and experience with genetics-related issues. Data analysis revealed that a wide range of R/S perceptions regarding genetics-related issues exist within Protestantism, Protestant clergy have a basic understanding of genetic testing and conditions, and while directive counseling is inherent to Protestant clergy counseling, there appears to exist two opposing styles: unbiased and biased. Based on this information, there are two main implications for genetic counseling clinical practice. First, R/S assessments need to be increasingly implemented into genetic counseling sessions, so that the psychosocial needs of patients with specific R/S beliefs can be identified and addressed. An increase in R/S assessments may be accomplished by increased exposure in genetic counselor training, continuing education opportunities, and by establishing relationships with board-certified...

Delivery of an HIV Prevention Counseling Program in an Infectious Diseases Clinic: Implementation Process and Lessons Learned

Patel, Shilpa N.; Golin, Carol E.; Marks, Gary; Grodensky, Catherine A.; Earp, Jo Anne; Zeveloff, Abby; O'Daniels, Christine; Gardner, Lytt; Boland, Maureen S.; Davis, Rebecca; Quinlivan, E. Byrd
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.25%
Current national guidelines recommend that all HIV care providers routinely counsel their HIV-infected patients about reducing HIV transmission behaviors. In this article we identify the challenges and lessons learned from implementing a provider-delivered HIV transmission risk-reduction intervention for HIV-infected patients (Positive Steps). Based on a multi-site Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) initiative, we integrated the Positive Steps program into an infectious diseases clinic in North Carolina. Of the nearly 1200 HIV-infected patients, 59% were African American, 44% were white, 33% were women, and over 50% were between 25 and 44 years of age. We obtained feedback from a community advisory board, input from clinic staff, and conducted formative interviews with clinic patients and providers to achieve overall acceptance of the program within the clinic. Clinic providers underwent training to deliver standardized prevention counseling. During program implementation we conducted a quality assessment of program components, including reviewing whether patients were screened for HIV transmission risk behaviors and whether providers counseled their patients. Once Positive Steps was implemented, on average, 69% of patients were screened and 77% of screened patients were counseled during the first 12 months. In analyses of quarterly exit surveys of patients after their medical exams...

Peer educator initiatives for adolescent reproductive health projects in Indonesia

Hull, Terence; Hasmi, Eddy; Widyantoro, Ninuk
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.95%
Since the ICPD in 1994, the Government of Indonesia has struggled with the challenge of providing sexual and reproductive health education to adolescents. Following an attempt at a family-centred approach, a pilot project was carried out in Central and East Java to train peer educators, coordinated by the National Family Planning Coordinating Board (BKKBN). A total of 80 peer educators (male/female teams) carried out small-group information sessions in ten different districts. Over 1,300 adolescents attended in all. Forty peer counsellors in 20 teams then carried out five outreach sessions each in their communities, attended by nearly 4,000 adults and adolescents. Educators chosen were older in age, knowledge level, authority and communication skills than adolescents, but were well accepted as mentors. Adolescents wanted to know how to deal with sexual relationships and feelings, unwanted pregnancy and STDs. With 42 million Indonesian adolescents needing information, the government cannot produce enough manuals to satisfy demand. New strategies are required to put information in the public domain, e.g. via the media. The approach described in this paper would probably be beyond the staffing and resource capacity of most districts in Indonesia. Nonetheless...

Knowledge of folic acid and counseling practices among Ohio community pharmacists

Rodrigues,Claire R.; Dipietro,Natalie A.
Fonte: Pharmacy Practice (Internet) Publicador: Pharmacy Practice (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.52%
Objective: To determine knowledge of folic acid use for neural tube defect (NTD) prevention and counseling practices among community pharmacists registered in Ohio. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on a random sample (n=500) of community pharmacists registered with the Ohio Board of Pharmacy and practicing in Ohio. A survey previously used by researchers to assess folic acid knowledge and practices among samples of other healthcare provider groups in the United States was adapted with permission for this study. The final tool consisted of 28 questions evaluating the knowledge, counseling practices, and demographics of respondents. The cover letter did not reveal the emphasis on folic acid, and surveys were completed anonymously. The university institutional review board deemed the study exempt. Results: Of the 122 pharmacists who completed the survey, 116 (95.1%) knew that folic acid prevents some birth defects. Twenty-eight (22.9%) responded that they "always" or "usually" discuss multivitamins with women of childbearing potential, and 19 (15.6%) responded that they "always" or "usually" discuss folic acid supplements. Some gaps in knowledge specific to folic acid were revealed. While 63.1% of pharmacists selected the recommended dose of folic acid intake for most women of childbearing potential...